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American Orthoptic Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799590/editorial
#1
EDITORIAL
James D Reynolds
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799589/editorial
#2
EDITORIAL
Laurie Hahn-Parrott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799588/editorial
#3
EDITORIAL
David Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799587/historical-vignette-johann-friedrich-horner-1831-1886-swiss-ophthalmologist-scientific-contributor-and-accomplished-academician
#4
Gill Roper-Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799586/modified-test-protocol-improves-sensitivity-of-the-stereo-fly-test
#5
Angie De La Cruz, Sarah E Morale, Reed M Jost, Krista R Kelly, Eileen E Birch
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stereoacuity measurement is a common element of pediatric ophthalmic examinations. Although the Stereo Fly Test is routinely used to establish the presence of coarse stereopsis (3000 arcsecs), it often yields a false negative "pass" due to learned responses and non-stereoscopic cues. We developed and evaluated a modified Stereo Fly Test protocol aimed at increasing sensitivity, thus reducing false negatives. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Stereo Fly Test was administered according to manufacturer instructions to 321 children aged 3-12 years...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799585/a-clinical-randomized-trial-comparing-the-cycloplegic-effect-of-cyclopentolate-drops-applied-to-closed-eyelids-versus-open-eyelids
#6
Jocelyn Zurevinsky, Kallie Sawchuk, Hyun J Lim, Chel Hee Lee, Shehla Rubab
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adequate cycloplegia and dilation are required for refraction and fundus exam in children. Standard practice is to instill cycloplegic drops in the inferior cul-de-sac, and this is often traumatic for children. Our study assesses the use of cyclopentolate on closed lids as a method of instillation for ensuring complete cycloplegia. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Ninety children presenting for annual refraction were enrolled. Three were excluded as they did not finish the testing...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799584/association-between-ocular-dominance-and-anisometropic-hyperopia
#7
Rie Hoshikawa, Misae Ito, Takashi Yano, Kenta Tsutsui, Tomoki Sato, Kimiya Shimizu
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Anisometropia, a relative difference in the refractive state of the two eyes, is common in hyperopic patients. We investigated the association between ocular dominance (sighting dominance) and refractive asymmetry in patients with hyperopia. METHODS: This retrospective study included 223 hyperopic patients with a mean age of 10.1 ± 3.6 years (range 3 to 21 years). Refractive error was measured with cycloplegic refraction, and axial length was measured with IOLMaster(®) (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA)...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799583/accuracy-and-efficiency-of-orthoptists-in-comprehensive-pediatric-eye-examinations
#8
Jane Scheetz, Konstandina Koklanis, Maureen Long, Meg E Morris
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: To investigate the level of agreement between orthoptists and medical practitioners in the comprehensive eye examination of children seen in an orthoptist-led triage clinic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patient records over a 6-month period were retrospectively reviewed. Those with a presenting complaint related to vision or ocular motility were triaged into the orthoptist-led clinic and included in the study. Patients who did not meet the triage protocol and those who were not assessed by a medical practitioner at a subsequent appointment were excluded from analysis...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799582/binocular-vision-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#9
Daisy Godts, Greta Moorkens, Danny G P Mathysen
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: To compare binocular vision measurements between Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) patients and healthy controls. METHODS: Forty-one CFS patients referred by the Reference Centre for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome of the Antwerp University Hospital and forty-one healthy volunteers, matched for age and gender, underwent a complete orthoptic examination. Data of visual acuity, eye position, fusion amplitude, stereopsis, ocular motility, convergence, and accommodation were compared between both groups...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799581/efficacy-of-an-amblyopia-treatment-program-with-both-eyes-open-a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#10
Yo Iwata, Tomoya Handa, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Nobuyuki Shoji, Kimiya Shimizu
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of an amblyopia treatment program with both eyes open. METHODS: Ten subjects (mean age 20.5 ± 1.5 years) were enrolled. All subjects had un-remarkable ophthalmic examinations, but several subjects had minor refractive errors. Vision function was evaluated using the 3-D visual function trainer-ORTe. Brain measurements were made using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to examine the oxygenated hemoglobin (HbO2) concentration change upon visual stimulus presentation...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799580/surgical-management-of-unilateral-superior-oblique-palsy-thirty-years-of-experience
#11
Qianqian Wang, Michael Flanders
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: We describe the clinical characteristics of 252 patients with unilateral superior oblique palsy who underwent strabismus surgery. We assess if a predetermined surgical strategy, based on preoperative alignment and motility measurements, was effective in treating these patients. On this basis, the patients were divided into three different treatment groups. METHODS: Two-hundred fifty-two patients were identified retrospectively and classified into three groups according to the performed procedures: 1) inferior oblique weakening; 2) inferior rectus recession; 3) combined inferior oblique weakening and inferior rectus recession...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799579/planning-strabismus-surgery-how-to-avoid-pitfalls-and-complications
#12
Maryam Aroichane
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Good surgical results following strabismus surgery depend on several factors. In this article, detailed steps for planning strabismus surgery will be reviewed for basic horizontal strabismus surgery, vertical, and oblique muscle surgeries. The thought process behind each case will be presented to help in selecting the best surgical approach to optimize postoperative results. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The surgical planning for strabismus will be developed with clinical examples from easy cases to more complex ones...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799578/the-necessity-of-amblyopia
#13
Steven M Archer
A general property of nervous system development is that correlated activity is used to organize topographic projections. This correlated activity is typically produced by electrical coupling of adjacent neurons; however, electrical coupling is not possible for retinal ganglion cells in separate eyes that need to be precisely mapped to the same place in the brain. This forces the visual system to rely on environmental stimuli to produce the correlated activity that drives the development of binocularity, with amblyopia as necessary consequence when visual experience is abnormal...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799577/high-ac-a-ratio-esotropia-do-we-really-need-to-be-using-bifocals
#14
Scott E Olitsky
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Most strabismus specialists use bifocals for patients with convergence excess esotropia whose distance deviation is small. While this is a popular treatment modality, there is actually no good data to indicate that this should be considered a standard of care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In patients for whom the distance deviation is small enough to allow for the development of binocular vision, my preference is to simply observe these patients...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799576/accommodative-et-high-ac-a-ratio-esotropia-the-case-for-glasses
#15
Edward L Raab
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a continuing debate as to whether the patient optically correctable at distance to within 8 prism diopters of perfect alignment requires treatment for persisting overconvergence at near, and if treatment is indicated, what it should be. PATIENTS AND METHODS: For the patient whose misalignment at distance is reduced to 8 or fewer prism diopters, my preference is for the full cycloplegic correction plus a bifocal in the first prescription, to discourage virtually all accommodation initially, with pull back later...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26630700/symposium-adult-strabismus-techniques-to-alleviate-visual-discomfort-introduction
#16
Cheryl McCarus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26564938/historical-vignette-robert-marcus-gunn-1850-1909-scottish-ophthalmologist-skilled-observer-and-gifted-teacher
#17
Gill Roper-Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26564937/a-case-series-exercise-induced-esotropia
#18
Joseph Y Shin, Birgit Wahl, Neil R Miller, Eric L Singman
The authors present three patients with idiopathic exercise-induced esotropia. The history, physical findings, and testing that led to the diagnosis are discussed. To the authors' knowledge, this is the largest series of patients with this rare condition, with this series representing half of reported patients in the literature. It is hoped that a discussion of common features of the condition will guide further exploration of the etiology.
2015: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26564936/a-case-report-consecutive-cranial-neuropathies-following-the-use-of-phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors
#19
Suzanne W van Landingham, Eric L Singman
We report a patient who suffered consecutive cranial neuropathies where each event was immediately preceded by the use of oral PDE-5 inhibitors. A discussion of the etiology of the events including possible interaction with other medications is included.
2015: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26564935/wernicke-encephalopathy
#20
Patricia F Jenkins
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: This paper reviews the complaints and associated symptoms/consequences of lacking essential nutrients and vitamins in our central and peripheral nervous systems. This has become important as there has been a rise in malnutrition following the increasing incidence of bariatric surgery for obesity. METHODS: A case report example involving review of the clinical presentation and treatment. RESULTS: A 30-year-old Caucasian woman who had gastric sleeve surgery did not take the recommended capsules as they were too large to swallow...
2015: American Orthoptic Journal
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