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American Journal of the Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317639/fulminant-serratia-marcescens-panophthalmitis
#1
LETTER
Hsiao-Pei Guo, Tsung-Jen Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317638/cardiac-invasion-by-a-mixed-germ-cell-tumor
#2
LETTER
Haitham S Al Ashry, Jeremy Richards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317637/pyogenic-liver-abscess-due-to-fusobacterium-nucleatum-in-a-patient-with-liver-hemangiomas
#3
Theodoros Karantanos, Styliani Karanika, Kenechukwu Obiokoye, Meg Sullivan, Christine Phillips, Sonia Ananthakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317636/gastric-cancer-associated-with-malignant-acanthosis-nigricans
#4
LETTER
Wan-Bin Yin, Yuan Gao, Yun Lu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317635/a-depressed-heart-atrial-fibrillation-and-pulmonary-hypertension-in-severe-pectus-excavatum
#5
Sumit Som, Tatyana Danilov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317634/a-dark-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid
#6
LETTER
José Baddini-Martinez, Luis Renato Alves, Simone Gusmão Ramos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317633/nicorandil-induced-hyperkalemia-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#7
Hsiu-Ting Chen, Yu-Te Wu, Wu-Chang Yang, Der-Cherng Tarng, Chih-Ching Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317632/actinomyces-neuii-causing-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#8
Kelly Pizzo, Christopher Arnold, Brian Wispelwey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317631/lactic-acidosis-a-rare-oncological-emergency-in-solid-tumors-at-presentation
#9
Ranjit Nair, Usman Shah
Lactic acidosis is a potentially life-threatening complication characterized by accumulation of blood lactate resulting in low arterial pH. The majority of lactic acidosis in malignancies are reported in association with hematologic malignancies. It may result from an imbalance between lactate production and hepatic lactate utilization, but the exact pathophysiology is far more complex than what we can fathom from current micromolecular studies. We report a case of a 71-year-old male with metastatic lung cancer presenting with fatal lactic acidosis in the absence of liver involvement...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317630/oliver-cromwell-s-fatal-ague
#10
EDITORIAL
Sanjay Saint, Thomas Cogswell, Eliot Siegel, Philip A Mackowiak
Although many people recognize Oliver Cromwell by name, few know more than the barest details of his life or his legacy, and fewer still of the "ague" that ended his brief reign as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland and one of Britain׳s greatest generals. He died suddenly at age 59. Cromwell was the "terror of Europe" during that period. His physicians diagnosed his fatal disorder as "bastard tertian ague." A contemporary analysis of his clinical record, including one with the aid of the U...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317629/mycobacterium-kansasii-infection-in-a-patient-receiving-biologic-therapy-not-all-reactive-interferon-gamma-release-assays-are-tuberculosis
#11
Nasir Saleem, Raya Saba, Srikanth Maddika, Mitchell Weinstein
Mycobacterium kansasii, a nontuberculous mycobacterium, can lead to lung disease similar to tuberculosis. Immunotherapeutic biologic agents predispose to infections with mycobacteria, including M kansasii. T-cell-mediated interferon gamma release assays like QuantiFERON-TB Gold Test (QFT) are widely used by clinicians for the diagnosis of infections with Mycobacterium tuberculosis; however, QFT may also show positive result with certain nontuberculous mycobacterial infections. We report a case of M kansasii pulmonary infection, with a positive QFT, in an immunocompromised patient receiving prednisone, leflunomide and tocilizumab, a humanized anti-interleukin-6 receptor monoclonal antibody...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317628/outcomes-of-percutaneous-closure-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-accompanied-with-unilateral-absence-of-pulmonary-artery
#12
Yankun Yang, Hong Zheng, Zhongying Xu, Gejun Zhang, Jinglin Jin, Haibo Hu, Tao Tian, Xianliang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Limited data have reported the outcomes of percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in patients with unilateral absence of pulmonary artery (UAPA). This study aimed to evaluate the symptomatology, diagnosis and therapy, especially the transcatheter closure of PDA in patients with PDA associated with UAPA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with PDA and UAPA were retrospectively enrolled from August 2010 through January 2016. Clinical data, treatment and follow-up information were evaluated...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317627/preclinical-medical-student-note-quality
#13
Erin Contratto, Todd Peterson, Carlos A Estrada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317626/one-year-survival-is-not-affected-by-gastrointestinal-bleeding-after-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#14
Kyari Sumayin Ngamdu, Wael El Mallah, Alok Dwivedi, Rabab Mohsin, Sherif Elhanafi, Yi Jia, Luis A Alvarado, Debabrata Mukherjee, Marc J Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been the main therapy in acute coronary syndromes, and early antithrombotic agents as well as 1-year dual antiplatelet therapy are required for adjuvant therapy. However, the development of post-PCI gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding may increase all-cause mortality. We compared the characteristics and outcomes of patients with GI bleeding within 1 year after PCI to those who did not develop bleeding. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from 384 PCI procedures performed between January 2011 and December 2013 at our hospital...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317625/relationship-among-pulmonary-hypertension-autoimmunity-thyroid-hormones-and-dyspnea-in-patients-with-hyperthyroidism
#15
Sayid Shafi Zuhur, Derya Baykiz, Sonat Pinar Kara, Ertan Sahin, Idris Kuzu, Gulsah Elbuken
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported conflicting results regarding the mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in patients with hyperthyroidism. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the association between PHT and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor antibody, thyroid peroxidase antibody, thyroglobulin antibody, TSH, fT3, fT4 and dyspnea during daily activities in a large population of patients with hyperthyroidism. METHODS: A total of 129 consecutive patients with hyperthyroidism, 37 with hypothyroidism and 38 euthyroid controls were enrolled in this study...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317624/cap-assisted-colonoscopy-increases-detection-of-advanced-adenomas-and-polyps
#16
Mohamed O Othman, Daniel Zhang, Sherif Elhanafi, Mohamed Eloliby, Brian Davis, Richard Guererro, Luis Alvarado, Linda Sanchez, Alok Dwivedi, Marc J Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: Cap-assisted colonoscopy (CAC) has been reported to increase the adenoma detection rate (ADR) in Asian population. However, CAC trials in non-Asian population have had conflicting results. Studies in North America have shown an improvement in ADRs with the use of CAC, but it mainly included white and African American patients. Given the lack of prospective studies of CAC in Hispanics, we conducted this randomized controlled trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial comparing CAC with standard colonoscopy (SC) in patients undergoing screening or surveillance colonoscopy...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317623/food-allergy-what-we-know-now
#17
REVIEW
Lindsey E Moore, Patricia H Stewart, Richard D deShazo
Food allergy is an adverse immune reaction that occurs reproducibly on exposure to a given food. Prevalence rates of food allergy continue to increase worldwide, sparking continual research efforts in finding a suitable and safe cure. Food avoidance, the current standard of care, can be difficult to achieve. This review aims to provide a broad overview of immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergy, highlighting its epidemiology, masqueraders, immunopathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic work-up and available preventative and treatment strategies...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317622/aortic-dissection-in-takayasu-arteritis
#18
Kun-Qi Yang, Yan-Kun Yang, Xu Meng, Ying Zhang, Hui-Min Zhang, Hai-Ying Wu, Ya-Xin Liu, Xiong-Jing Jiang, Jun Cai, Xian-Liang Zhou, Ru-Tai Hui, De-Yu Zheng, Li-Sheng Liu
BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection (AD) is a rare complication of Takayasu arteritis (TA). The clinical presentation and long-term management outcomes of AD in patients with TA have not been well described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients with TA along with AD admitted to Fuwai Hospital between January 1985 and March 2016. Clinical data and follow-up data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 1,154 patients with TA, we identified 10 patients (0...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317621/uric-acid-excretion-predicts-increased-blood-pressure-among-american-adolescents-of-african-descent
#19
Sylvie Mrug, Michal Mrug, Anjana Madan Morris, Nina Reynolds, Anita Patel, Danielle C Hill, Daniel I Feig
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia predicts the incidence of hypertension in adults and its treatment has blood pressure (BP)-lowering effects in adolescents. To date, no studies have examined the predictive usage of hyperuricemia or urinary uric acid excretion on BP changes in adolescents. Mechanistic models suggest that uric acid impairs both endothelial function and vascular compliance, which would potentially exacerbate a myriad of hypertensive mechanisms, yet little is known about interaction of uric acid and other hypertension risk factors...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317620/lupus-hepatitis-and-autoimmune-hepatitis-lupoid-hepatitis
#20
REVIEW
Avinash Adiga, Kenneth Nugent
Liver dysfunction occurs in approximately 50% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and patients with SLE and elevated liver enzymes can present a complicated and difficult differential diagnosis. Lupus hepatitis and autoimmune hepatitis are 2 immunologic conditions involving the liver, which can have similar clinical, laboratory and systemic presentations, leading to difficulties in diagnosis. Physicians need to be aware of these 2 hepatic diseases as diagnosis and appropriate therapy need to occur early in the disease course to prevent progression to advanced liver disease...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
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