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Advances in Parasitology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907257/social-influence-in-liver-fluke-transmission-application-of-social-network-analysis-of-food-sharing-in-thai-isaan-culture
#1
Waraphon Phimpraphai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Suwicha Kasemsuwan, Banchob Sripa
In northeastern Thai (Isaan) culture traditional raw fish dishes and raw fish-eating habits are common. Eating and sharing meals together among the community's members, especially relatives and neighbours, are a common practice in both daily life and social gathering events. Fish are a significant protein source and are associated with variety of traditional recipes. Cyprinid fish are one of the most preferred fish by Isaan villagers for daily consumption because they are accessible and affordable. Consumption of these fish probably causes the persistence of high endemicity of human liver fluke infection, particularly with Opisthorchis viverrini, in northeast Thailand...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907256/reservoir-animals-and-their-roles-in-transmission-of-opisthorchis-viverrini
#2
Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Prasarn Tangkawattana
Although any fish-eating mammals could be potential definitive hosts of Opisthorchis viverrini, only a few, especially cats and dogs, are actually known reservoir hosts for this parasite. Both animals usually get infected via consuming raw or undercooked contaminated fish, fish dishes or food remains from households. The infected animals sustain parasite egg spread via open environment defecation. Cats are the most important reservoir with higher prevalence rates of O. viverrini infection than dogs in endemic areas...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907255/epidemiology-of-opisthorchis-viverrini-infection
#3
Apiporn Suwannatrai, Prasert Saichua, Melissa Haswell
Opisthorchiasis in the Lower Mekong Subregion is a parasitic disease caused by the liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini. This parasite has a well-documented distribution in Thailand, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Myanmar and Southern Vietnam. In this chapter, we describe the current knowledge of the epidemiology of O. viverrini infection, highlighting advances in control efforts made in the last four decades in Thailand and identifying ongoing gaps in our epidemiological knowledge which need to be filled to support efforts to permanently overcome the heavy morbidity and mortality burden caused by these parasites within their endemic regions...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907254/recent-advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-detection-of-opisthorchis-viverrini-sensu-lato-in-human-and-intermediate-hosts-for-use-in-control-and-elimination-programs
#4
Weerachai Saijuntha, Kanyarat Duenngai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Trevor N Petney, Ross H Andrews, Paiboon Sithithaworn
Opisthorchiasis is a neglected tropical disease, caused by infection with the fish-borne trematode Opisthorchis viverrini sensu lato that afflicts more than 10million people in Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam and Cambodia. The disease is characterized by a chronic infection that induces hepatobiliary inflammation, especially periductal fibrosis, which can be detected by ultrasonography. This chronic inflammation eventually leads to cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a usually fatal bile duct cancer that develops in approximately 1% of O...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907253/opisthorchiasis-induced-cholangiocarcinoma-how-innate-immunity-may-cause-cancer
#5
Steven W Edwards, Edward M Spofford, Charlotte Price, Helen L Wright, Kanin Salao, Sutas Suttiprapa, Banchob Sripa
Innate, inflammatory responses towards persistent Opisthorchis viverrini (OV) infection are likely to contribute to the development of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a liver cancer that is rare in the West but prevalent in Greater Mekong Subregion countries in Southeast Asia. Infection results in the infiltration of innate immune cells into the bile ducts and subsequent activation of inflammatory immune responses that fail to clear OV but instead may damage local tissues within the bile ducts. Not all patients infected with OV develop CCA, and so tumourigenesis may be dependent on multiple factors including the magnitude of the inflammatory response that is activated in infected individuals...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907252/opisthorchis-viverrini-draft-genome-biomedical-implications-and-future-avenues
#6
Neil D Young, Robin B Gasser
Opisthorchiasis is a neglected tropical disease of major proportion, caused by the carcinogenic, Asian liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini. This hepatobiliary disease is known to be associated with malignant cancer (cholangiocarcinoma, CCA) and affects millions of people in Southeast Asia. No vaccine is available, and only one drug (praziquantel) is routinely employed against the parasite. Despite technological advances, little is known about the molecular biology of the fluke itself and the disease complex that it causes in humans...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907251/taxonomy-ecology-and-population-genetics-of-opisthorchis-viverrini-and-its-intermediate-hosts
#7
Trevor N Petney, Ross H Andrews, Weerachai Saijuntha, Smarn Tesana, Sattrachai Prasopdee, Nadda Kiatsopit, Paiboon Sithithaworn
There have been considerable advances in our understanding of the systematics and ecology of Opisthorchis viverrini; however, this new knowledge has not only clarified but also complicated the situation. We now know that what was once considered to be a single species is, in fact, a species complex, with the individual species being confined to specific wetland areas. There is also a strong genetic association between the members of the O. viverrini species complex and their Bithynia snail intermediate hosts...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753342/climate-change-and-the-neglected-tropical-diseases
#8
Mark Booth
Climate change is expected to impact across every domain of society, including health. The majority of the world's population is susceptible to pathological, infectious disease whose life cycles are sensitive to environmental factors across different physical phases including air, water and soil. Nearly all so-called neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) fall into this category, meaning that future geographic patterns of transmission of dozens of infections are likely to be affected by climate change over the short (seasonal), medium (annual) and long (decadal) term...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753341/human-parasitology-and-parasitic-diseases-heading-towards-2050
#9
Peter J Hotez
By 2050 our civilized planet may be comprised predominantly of networked megacities embedded in warm subtropical and tropical climates, and under stress from climate change and catastrophic weather events. Urban slum areas in these cities, including those found in wealthier middle- and high-income nations (blue marble health), will be especially vulnerable to disease. Moreover, regional conflicts fought over shifting and limited resources, including water, will collapse health systems infrastructures to further promote disease emergence and reemergence...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753340/parasite-dispersal-from-the-ornamental-goldfish-trade
#10
Alejandro Trujillo-González, Joy A Becker, Kate S Hutson
Goldfish, Carassius auratus Linnaeus, 1758, are immensely popular ornamental cyprinid fish, traded in more than 100 countries. For more than 500 years, human translocation has facilitated the spread of goldfish globally, which has enabled numerous and repeated introductions of parasite taxa that infect them. The parasite fauna assemblage of goldfish is generally well documented, but few studies provide evidence of parasite coinvasion following the release of goldfish. This review provides a comprehensive synopsis of parasites that infect goldfish in farmed, aquarium-held, native, and invasive populations globally and summarises evidence for the cointroduction and coinvasion of goldfish parasites...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753339/exploring-structural-and-physical-properties-of-schistosome-eggs-potential-pathways-for-novel-diagnostics
#11
Renata R F Candido, Alessandra L Morassutti, Carlos Graeff-Teixeira, Timothy G St Pierre, Malcolm K Jones
In this era of increasing demand for sensitive techniques to diagnose schistosomiasis, there is a need for an increased focus on the properties of the parasite eggs. The eggs are not only directly linked to the morbidity of chronic infection but are also potential key targets for accurate diagnostics. Eggs were the primary target of diagnostic tools in the past and we argue they could be the target of highly sensitive tools in the future if we focus on characteristics of their structure and shell surface that could be exploited for enhanced detection...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753338/clonorchis-sinensis-and-clonorchiasis-the-relevance-of-exploring-genetic-variation
#12
Daxi Wang, Neil D Young, Pasi K Korhonen, Robin B Gasser
Parasitic trematodes (flukes) cause substantial mortality and morbidity in humans. The Chinese liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, is one of the most destructive parasitic worms in humans in China, Vietnam, Korea and the Russian Far East. Although C. sinensis infection can be controlled relatively well using anthelmintics, the worm is carcinogenic, inducing cholangiocarcinoma and causing major suffering in ~15 million people in Asia. This chapter provides an account of C. sinensis and clonorchiasis research-covering aspects of biology, epidemiology, pathogenesis and immunity, diagnosis, treatment and control, genetics and genomics...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753337/100-years-of-mass-deworming-programmes-a-policy-perspective-from-the-world-bank-s-disease-control-priorities-analyses
#13
Donald A P Bundy, Laura J Appleby, Mark Bradley, Kevin Croke, T Deirdre Hollingsworth, Rachel Pullan, Hugo C Turner, Nilanthi de Silva
For more than 100 years, countries have used mass drug administration as a public health response to soil-transmitted helminth infection. The series of analyses published as Disease Control Priorities is the World Bank's vehicle for exploring the cost-effectiveness and value for money of public health interventions. The first edition was published in 1993 as a technical supplement to the World Bank's World Development Report Investing in Health where deworming was used as an illustrative example of value for money in treating diseases with relatively low morbidity but high prevalence...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753336/an-important-milestone-in-parasitology-celebrating-a-hundred-volumes-of-advances-in-parasitology
#14
J Russell Stothard, David Rollinson
Beginning in 1963, the founding rationale of Advances in Parasitology was to provide authentic, well-documented reviews by leading experts, about the progress being made in their area of specialism to inform the wider cadre of parasitologists, disseminating this information across allied disciplines and all users. Some 55 years later, the Series has accumulated over 667 published articles, with just over 650 authors contributing either alone or in collaboration, and has successfully served the parasitological needs of medical, veterinary and wildlife scientific communities with equity, notwithstanding treatises on vectors or intermediate hosts, as well as 'honorary parasites' such as viruses, bacteria and fungi...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530312/molecular-epidemiology-of-anisakis-and-anisakiasis-an-ecological-and-evolutionary-road-map
#15
Simonetta Mattiucci, Paolo Cipriani, Arne Levsen, Michela Paoletti, Giuseppe Nascetti
This review addresses the biodiversity, biology, distribution, ecology, epidemiology, and consumer health significance of the so far known species of Anisakis, both in their natural hosts and in human accidental host populations, worldwide. These key aspects of the Anisakis species' biology are highlighted, since we consider them as main driving forces behind which most of the research in this field has been carried out over the past decade. From a public health perspective, the human disease caused by Anisakis species (anisakiasis) appears to be considerably underreported and underestimated in many countries or regions around the globe...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530311/monogenean-parasite-cultures-current-techniques-and-recent-advances
#16
Kate Suzanne Hutson, Alexander Karlis Brazenor, David Brendan Vaughan, Alejandro Trujillo-González
Global expansion in fish production and trade of aquatic ornamental species requires advances in aquatic animal health management. Aquatic parasite cultures permit diverse research opportunities to understand parasite-host dynamics and are essential to validate the efficacy of treatments that could reduce infections in captive populations. Monogeneans are important pathogenic parasites of captured captive fishes and exhibit a single-host life cycle, which makes them amenable to in vivo culture. Continuous cultures of oviparous monogenean parasites provide a valuable resource of eggs, oncomiracidia (larvae) and adult parasites for use in varied ecological and applied scientific research...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530310/the-evolutionary-biology-ecology-and-epidemiology-of-coccidia-of-passerine-birds
#17
Alex Knight, John G Ewen, Patricia Brekke, Anna W Santure
Coccidia are intracellular parasites of the phylum Apicomplexa that cause a range of pathologies collectively termed coccidiosis. Species of coccidia of commercial importance have been well studied, with the effect of other species on passerine birds receiving increasing attention. In this chapter, we review the literature on coccidia in passerines, with a particular focus on wild populations. The taxonomy and life cycle of passerine coccidia are covered, as is their impact on the health of passerines, their epidemiology and their role in parasite-mediated natural and sexual selection...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530309/expanding-the-vector-control-toolbox-for-malaria-elimination-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#18
Yasmin A Williams, Lucy S Tusting, Sophia Hocini, Patricia M Graves, Gerry F Killeen, Immo Kleinschmidt, Fredros O Okumu, Richard G A Feachem, Allison Tatarsky, Roly D Gosling
BACKGROUND: Additional vector control tools (VCTs) are needed to supplement insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) to achieve malaria elimination in many settings. To identify options for expanding the malaria vector control toolbox, we conducted a systematic review of the availability and quality of the evidence for 21 malaria VCTs, excluding ITNs and IRS. METHODS: Six electronic databases and grey literature sources were searched from January 1, 1980 to September 28, 2015 to identify systematic reviews, Phase I-IV studies, and observational studies that measured the effect of malaria VCTs on epidemiological or entomological outcomes across any age groups in all malaria-endemic settings...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530308/evolution-systematics-and-biogeography-of-the-triatominae-vectors-of-chagas-disease
#19
Fernando Araujo Monteiro, Christiane Weirauch, Márcio Felix, Cristiano Lazoski, Fernando Abad-Franch
In this chapter, we review and update current knowledge about the evolution, systematics, and biogeography of the Triatominae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae)-true bugs that feed primarily on vertebrate blood. In the Americas, triatomines are the vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease. Despite declining incidence and prevalence, Chagas disease is still a major public health concern in Latin America. Triatomines occur also in the Old World, where vector-borne T. cruzi transmission has not been recorded...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530307/parasites-of-the-giant-panda-a-risk-factor-in-the-conservation-of-a-species
#20
Tao Wang, Yue Xie, Youle Zheng, Chengdong Wang, Desheng Li, Anson V Koehler, Robin B Gasser
The giant panda, with an estimated population size of 2239 in the world (in 2015), is a global symbol of wildlife conservation that is threatened by habitat loss, poor reproduction and limited resistance to some infectious diseases. Of these factors, some diseases caused by parasites are considered as the foremost threat to its conservation. However, there is surprisingly little published information on the parasites of the giant panda, most of which has been disseminated in the Chinese literature. Herein, we review all peer-reviewed publications (in English or Chinese language) and governmental documents for information on parasites of the giant pandas, with an emphasis on the intestinal nematode Baylisascaris schroederi (McIntosh, 1939) as it dominates published literature...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
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