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Advances in Marine Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065297/preface
#1
EDITORIAL
Barbara E Curry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065296/patterns-and-drivers-of-egg-pigment-intensity-and-colour-diversity-in-the-ocean-a-meta-analysis-of-phylum-echinodermata
#2
E M Montgomery, J-F Hamel, A Mercier
Egg pigmentation is proposed to serve numerous ecological, physiological, and adaptive functions in egg-laying animals. Despite the predominance and taxonomic diversity of egg layers, syntheses reviewing the putative functions and drivers of egg pigmentation have been relatively narrow in scope, centring almost exclusively on birds. Nonvertebrate and aquatic species are essentially overlooked, yet many of them produce maternally provisioned eggs in strikingly varied colours, from pale yellow to bright red or green...
2017: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065295/advances-in-biochemical-indices-of-zooplankton-production
#3
L Yebra, T Kobari, A R Sastri, F Gusmão, S Hernández-León
Several new approaches for measuring zooplankton growth and production rates have been developed since the publication of the ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea) Zooplankton Methodology Manual (Harris et al., 2000). In this review, we summarize the advances in biochemical methods made in recent years. Our approach explores the rationale behind each method, the design of calibration experiments, the advantages and limitations of each method and their suitability as proxies for in situ rates of zooplankton community growth and production...
2017: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065294/biological-conservation-of-giant-limpets-the-implications-of-large-size
#4
F Espinosa, G A Rivera-Ingraham
Patellogastropods, also known as true limpets, are distributed throughout the world and constitute key species in coastal ecosystems. Some limpet species achieve remarkable sizes, which in the most extreme cases can surpass 35cm in shell length. In this review, we focus on giant limpets, which are defined as those with a maximum shell size surpassing 10cm. According to the scientific literature, there are a total of 14 species across five genera that reach these larger sizes. Four of these species are threatened or in danger of extinction...
2017: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065293/islands-in-a-sea-of-mud-insights-from-terrestrial-island-theory-for-community-assembly-on-insular-marine-substrata
#5
K S Meyer
Most marine hard-bottom habitats are isolated, separated from other similar habitats by sand or mud flats, and can be considered analogous to terrestrial islands. The extensive scientific literature on terrestrial islands provides a theoretical framework for the analysis of isolated marine habitats. More individuals and higher species richness occur on larger marine substrata, a pattern that resembles terrestrial islands. However, while larger terrestrial islands have greater habitat diversity and productivity, the higher species richness on larger marine hard substrata can be explained by simple surface area and hydrodynamic phenomena: larger substrata extend further into the benthic boundary, exposing fauna to faster current and higher food supply...
2017: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770994/preface
#6
EDITORIAL
Giuseppe Notarbartolo di Sciara, Michela Podestà, Barbara E Curry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770993/fin-whales-balaenoptera-physalus-at-home-in-a-changing-mediterranean-sea
#7
REVIEW
G Notarbartolo di Sciara, M Castellote, J-N Druon, S Panigada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770992/the-international-legal-framework-for-marine-mammal-conservation-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#8
REVIEW
T Scovazzi
The paper reviews the international treaties that are today applicable for the protection of marine mammals in the Mediterranean Sea. They include instruments applicable at the world or the regional level. Emphasis is put on the International Whaling Commission, which is today affected by a confrontation between the two opposing groups of nonwhaling and whaling parties, the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area (ACCOBAMS) and its implementation through the resolutions adopted by the Meeting of the Parties, as well as the subregional Agreement between France, Italy and Monaco for the establishment of a sanctuary for the protection of marine mammals (Pelagos Sanctuary)...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770991/mediterranean-sperm-whales-physeter-macrocephalus-the-precarious-state-of-a-lost-tribe
#9
REVIEW
L Rendell, A Frantzis
First observed in the classical era, a population of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) persists to this day in the deep waters of the Mediterranean Sea. Genetic and observational evidence support the notion that this is an isolated population, separated from its Atlantic neighbours. These whales depend on mesopelagic squid for food, and appear to occupy a very similar ecological niche to sperm whales in the open oceans. Recent evidence proving that individuals can pass between the eastern and western deep water basins confirms that this is a single population, not isolated into western and eastern stocks...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770990/are-mediterranean-monk-seals-monachus-monachus-being-left-to-save-themselves-from-extinction
#10
G Notarbartolo di Sciara, S Kotomatas
Mediterranean monk seals (Monachus monachus), amongst the most endangered marine mammals, are showing localised signs of recovery warranting their recent down-listing, from Critically Endangered to Endangered, on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. This, however, cannot be taken as a reason for complacency, as the species' condition is still very critical, having been extirpated from most of its historical range. Monk seals within the Mediterranean, a 'unit to conserve' separate from Atlantic conspecifics, were once widely distributed throughout the Mediterranean Sea, with their range also extending into the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770989/harbour-porpoises-phocoena-phocoena-in-the-mediterranean-sea-and-adjacent-regions-biogeographic-relicts-of-the-last-glacial-period
#11
REVIEW
M C Fontaine
The harbour porpoise, Phocoena phocoena, is one of the best studied cetacean species owing to its common distribution along the coastal waters of the Northern Hemisphere. In European waters, strandings are common and bycatch mortalities in commercial fisheries reach alarming numbers. Lethal interactions resulting from human activities together with ongoing environmental changes raise serious concerns about population viability throughout the species' range. These concerns foster the need to fill critical gaps in knowledge of harbour porpoise biology, including population structure, feeding ecology, habitat preference and evolutionary history, that are critical information for planning effective management and conservation efforts...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770988/dolphins-in-a-scaled-down-mediterranean-the-gulf-of-corinth-s-odontocetes
#12
G Bearzi, S Bonizzoni, N L Santostasi, N B Furey, L Eddy, V D Valavanis, O Gimenez
The Gulf of Corinth is a 2400-km(2) semi-enclosed inland system (a mediterraneus) in central Greece. Its continental shelf areas, steep bottom relief, and waters up to 500-900m deep offer suitable habitat to neritic and pelagic species. We used photographic capture-recapture, distribution modelling, and direct observations to investigate the abundance, status, habitat preferences, movements, and group size of four odontocete species regularly observed in the Gulf, based on five years (2011-2015) of survey effort from small boats...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770987/the-gulf-of-ambracia-s-common-bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-truncatus-a-highly-dense-and-yet-threatened-population
#13
REVIEW
J Gonzalvo, G Lauriano, P S Hammond, K A Viaud-Martinez, M C Fossi, A Natoli, L Marsili
The common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) is the only cetacean present in the semiclosed waters of the Gulf of Ambracia, Western Greece. This increasingly degraded coastal ecosystem hosts one of the highest observed densities in the Mediterranean Sea for this species. Photo-identification data and tissue samples collected through skin-swabbing and remote biopsy sampling techniques during boat-based surveys conducted between 2006 and 2015 in the Gulf, were used to examine bottlenose dolphin abundance, population trends, site fidelity, genetic differentiation and toxicological status...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770986/the-rough-toothed-dolphin-steno-bredanensis-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-sea-a-relict-population
#14
REVIEW
D Kerem, O Goffman, M Elasar, N Hadar, A Scheinin, T Lewis
Only recently included among the cetacean species thought to regularly occur in the Mediterranean, the rough-toothed dolphin (Steno bredanensis) is an obscure and enigmatic member of this ensemble. Preliminary genetic evidence strongly indicates an Atlantic origin, yet the Mediterranean distribution for this species is conspicuously detached from the Atlantic, with all authenticated records during the last three decades being east of the Sicilian Channel and most within the bounds of the Levantine Basin. These dolphins are apparently a small, relict population, probably the remnant of a larger one, contiguous with that in the Atlantic and nowadays entrapped in the easternmost and warmest province...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770985/risso-s-dolphin-grampus-griseus-in-the-western-ligurian-sea-trends-in-population-size-and-habitat-use
#15
REVIEW
A Azzellino, S Airoldi, S Gaspari, C Lanfredi, A Moulins, M Podestà, M Rosso, P Tepsich
This paper provides a summary of 25 years of research on Risso's dolphins (Grampus griseus) in the western Ligurian Sea. Seasonal variations in abundance, distribution and habitat use were observed. Photographic mark-recapture methods provided a population size estimate for the period from 1998 to 2012, of about 100 individuals (95% CI of 60-220 individuals). The same methods detected a decline in population size from an average of about 120-150 from 2000 to 2005, to an average of 70-100 during 2010 to 2014...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770984/conservation-status-of-long-finned-pilot-whales-globicephala-melas-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#16
REVIEW
P Verborgh, P Gauffier, R Esteban, J Giménez, A Cañadas, J M Salazar-Sierra, R de Stephanis
Mediterranean Sea long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) are currently classified as Data Deficient on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. Multiple lines of evidence, including molecular genetic and photo-identification mark-recapture analyses, indicate that the Strait of Gibraltar population (distributed from 5.8°W longitude to west of Djibouti Bank and Alborán Dorsal in the Alborán Sea) is differentiated from the Mediterranean Sea population (east of Djibouti Bank and the Alborán Dorsal up to the Ligurian Sea)...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770983/conservation-status-of-killer-whales-orcinus-orca-in-the-strait-of-gibraltar
#17
REVIEW
R Esteban, P Verborgh, P Gauffier, D Alarcón, J M Salazar-Sierra, J Giménez, A D Foote, R de Stephanis
Killer whales (Orcinus orca) in the Mediterranean Sea are currently restricted to the Strait of Gibraltar and surrounding waters. Thirty-nine individuals were present in 2011, with a well-differentiated social structure, organized into five pods. Killer whale occurrence in the Strait is apparently related to the migration of their main prey, Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus). In spring, whale distribution was restricted to shallow waters off the western coast of the Strait where all pods were observed actively hunting tuna...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770982/cuvier-s-beaked-whale-ziphius-cavirostris-distribution-and-occurrence-in-the-mediterranean-sea-high-use-areas-and-conservation-threats
#18
M Podestà, A Azzellino, A Cañadas, A Frantzis, A Moulins, M Rosso, P Tepsich, C Lanfredi
Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris G. Cuvier, 1823) is the only beaked whale species commonly found in the Mediterranean Sea. Until recently, species presence in this area was only inferred from stranding events. Dedicated cetacean surveys have increased our knowledge of the distribution of Cuvier's beaked whales, even though many areas still remain unexplored. Here, we present an updated analysis of available sighting and stranding data, focusing on the atypical mass strandings that have occurred in the Mediterranean Sea since 1963...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770981/marine-mammals-in-the-mediterranean-sea-an-overview
#19
G Notarbartolo di Sciara
Despite being a small part of the world's oceans, the Mediterranean Sea hosts a diverse marine mammal fauna, with a total of 28 different species known to occur, or to have occurred, in the region. Species currently recognised as regular in the Mediterranean-the Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus) and 11 cetaceans (fin whale, Balaenoptera physalus; sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus; Cuvier's beaked whale, Ziphius cavirostris; short-beaked common dolphin, Delphinus delphis; long-finned pilot whale, Globicephala melas; Risso's dolphin, Grampus griseus; killer whale, Orcinus orca; striped dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba; rough-toothed dolphin, Steno bredanensis; common bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus; harbour porpoise, Phocoena phocoena relicta) have adapted well to the region's environmental conditions, but their coexistence with humans is problematic...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573053/preface
#20
EDITORIAL
Barbara E Curry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
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