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Advances in Marine Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770994/preface
#1
Giuseppe Notarbartolo di Sciara, Michela Podestà, Barbara E Curry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770993/fin-whales-balaenoptera-physalus-at-home-in-a-changing-mediterranean-sea
#2
G Notarbartolo di Sciara, M Castellote, J-N Druon, S Panigada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770992/the-international-legal-framework-for-marine-mammal-conservation-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#3
T Scovazzi
The paper reviews the international treaties that are today applicable for the protection of marine mammals in the Mediterranean Sea. They include instruments applicable at the world or the regional level. Emphasis is put on the International Whaling Commission, which is today affected by a confrontation between the two opposing groups of nonwhaling and whaling parties, the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area (ACCOBAMS) and its implementation through the resolutions adopted by the Meeting of the Parties, as well as the subregional Agreement between France, Italy and Monaco for the establishment of a sanctuary for the protection of marine mammals (Pelagos Sanctuary)...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770991/mediterranean-sperm-whales-physeter-macrocephalus-the-precarious-state-of-a-lost-tribe
#4
L Rendell, A Frantzis
First observed in the classical era, a population of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) persists to this day in the deep waters of the Mediterranean Sea. Genetic and observational evidence support the notion that this is an isolated population, separated from its Atlantic neighbours. These whales depend on mesopelagic squid for food, and appear to occupy a very similar ecological niche to sperm whales in the open oceans. Recent evidence proving that individuals can pass between the eastern and western deep water basins confirms that this is a single population, not isolated into western and eastern stocks...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770990/are-mediterranean-monk-seals-monachus-monachus-being-left-to-save-themselves-from-extinction
#5
G Notarbartolo di Sciara, S Kotomatas
Mediterranean monk seals (Monachus monachus), amongst the most endangered marine mammals, are showing localised signs of recovery warranting their recent down-listing, from Critically Endangered to Endangered, on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. This, however, cannot be taken as a reason for complacency, as the species' condition is still very critical, having been extirpated from most of its historical range. Monk seals within the Mediterranean, a 'unit to conserve' separate from Atlantic conspecifics, were once widely distributed throughout the Mediterranean Sea, with their range also extending into the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770989/harbour-porpoises-phocoena-phocoena-in-the-mediterranean-sea-and-adjacent-regions-biogeographic-relicts-of-the-last-glacial-period
#6
M C Fontaine
The harbour porpoise, Phocoena phocoena, is one of the best studied cetacean species owing to its common distribution along the coastal waters of the Northern Hemisphere. In European waters, strandings are common and bycatch mortalities in commercial fisheries reach alarming numbers. Lethal interactions resulting from human activities together with ongoing environmental changes raise serious concerns about population viability throughout the species' range. These concerns foster the need to fill critical gaps in knowledge of harbour porpoise biology, including population structure, feeding ecology, habitat preference and evolutionary history, that are critical information for planning effective management and conservation efforts...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770988/dolphins-in-a-scaled-down-mediterranean-the-gulf-of-corinth-s-odontocetes
#7
G Bearzi, S Bonizzoni, N L Santostasi, N B Furey, L Eddy, V D Valavanis, O Gimenez
The Gulf of Corinth is a 2400-km(2) semi-enclosed inland system (a mediterraneus) in central Greece. Its continental shelf areas, steep bottom relief, and waters up to 500-900m deep offer suitable habitat to neritic and pelagic species. We used photographic capture-recapture, distribution modelling, and direct observations to investigate the abundance, status, habitat preferences, movements, and group size of four odontocete species regularly observed in the Gulf, based on five years (2011-2015) of survey effort from small boats...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770987/the-gulf-of-ambracia-s-common-bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-truncatus-a-highly-dense-and-yet-threatened-population
#8
J Gonzalvo, G Lauriano, P S Hammond, K A Viaud-Martinez, M C Fossi, A Natoli, L Marsili
The common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) is the only cetacean present in the semiclosed waters of the Gulf of Ambracia, Western Greece. This increasingly degraded coastal ecosystem hosts one of the highest observed densities in the Mediterranean Sea for this species. Photo-identification data and tissue samples collected through skin-swabbing and remote biopsy sampling techniques during boat-based surveys conducted between 2006 and 2015 in the Gulf, were used to examine bottlenose dolphin abundance, population trends, site fidelity, genetic differentiation and toxicological status...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770986/the-rough-toothed-dolphin-steno-bredanensis-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-sea-a-relict-population
#9
D Kerem, O Goffman, M Elasar, N Hadar, A Scheinin, T Lewis
Only recently included among the cetacean species thought to regularly occur in the Mediterranean, the rough-toothed dolphin (Steno bredanensis) is an obscure and enigmatic member of this ensemble. Preliminary genetic evidence strongly indicates an Atlantic origin, yet the Mediterranean distribution for this species is conspicuously detached from the Atlantic, with all authenticated records during the last three decades being east of the Sicilian Channel and most within the bounds of the Levantine Basin. These dolphins are apparently a small, relict population, probably the remnant of a larger one, contiguous with that in the Atlantic and nowadays entrapped in the easternmost and warmest province...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770985/risso-s-dolphin-grampus-griseus-in-the-western-ligurian-sea-trends-in-population-size-and-habitat-use
#10
A Azzellino, S Airoldi, S Gaspari, C Lanfredi, A Moulins, M Podestà, M Rosso, P Tepsich
This paper provides a summary of 25 years of research on Risso's dolphins (Grampus griseus) in the western Ligurian Sea. Seasonal variations in abundance, distribution and habitat use were observed. Photographic mark-recapture methods provided a population size estimate for the period from 1998 to 2012, of about 100 individuals (95% CI of 60-220 individuals). The same methods detected a decline in population size from an average of about 120-150 from 2000 to 2005, to an average of 70-100 during 2010 to 2014...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770984/conservation-status-of-long-finned-pilot-whales-globicephala-melas-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#11
P Verborgh, P Gauffier, R Esteban, J Giménez, A Cañadas, J M Salazar-Sierra, R de Stephanis
Mediterranean Sea long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) are currently classified as Data Deficient on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. Multiple lines of evidence, including molecular genetic and photo-identification mark-recapture analyses, indicate that the Strait of Gibraltar population (distributed from 5.8°W longitude to west of Djibouti Bank and Alborán Dorsal in the Alborán Sea) is differentiated from the Mediterranean Sea population (east of Djibouti Bank and the Alborán Dorsal up to the Ligurian Sea)...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770983/conservation-status-of-killer-whales-orcinus-orca-in-the-strait-of-gibraltar
#12
R Esteban, P Verborgh, P Gauffier, D Alarcón, J M Salazar-Sierra, J Giménez, A D Foote, R de Stephanis
Killer whales (Orcinus orca) in the Mediterranean Sea are currently restricted to the Strait of Gibraltar and surrounding waters. Thirty-nine individuals were present in 2011, with a well-differentiated social structure, organized into five pods. Killer whale occurrence in the Strait is apparently related to the migration of their main prey, Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus). In spring, whale distribution was restricted to shallow waters off the western coast of the Strait where all pods were observed actively hunting tuna...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770982/cuvier-s-beaked-whale-ziphius-cavirostris-distribution-and-occurrence-in-the-mediterranean-sea-high-use-areas-and-conservation-threats
#13
M Podestà, A Azzellino, A Cañadas, A Frantzis, A Moulins, M Rosso, P Tepsich, C Lanfredi
Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris G. Cuvier, 1823) is the only beaked whale species commonly found in the Mediterranean Sea. Until recently, species presence in this area was only inferred from stranding events. Dedicated cetacean surveys have increased our knowledge of the distribution of Cuvier's beaked whales, even though many areas still remain unexplored. Here, we present an updated analysis of available sighting and stranding data, focusing on the atypical mass strandings that have occurred in the Mediterranean Sea since 1963...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770981/marine-mammals-in-the-mediterranean-sea-an-overview
#14
G Notarbartolo di Sciara
Despite being a small part of the world's oceans, the Mediterranean Sea hosts a diverse marine mammal fauna, with a total of 28 different species known to occur, or to have occurred, in the region. Species currently recognised as regular in the Mediterranean-the Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus) and 11 cetaceans (fin whale, Balaenoptera physalus; sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus; Cuvier's beaked whale, Ziphius cavirostris; short-beaked common dolphin, Delphinus delphis; long-finned pilot whale, Globicephala melas; Risso's dolphin, Grampus griseus; killer whale, Orcinus orca; striped dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba; rough-toothed dolphin, Steno bredanensis; common bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus; harbour porpoise, Phocoena phocoena relicta) have adapted well to the region's environmental conditions, but their coexistence with humans is problematic...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573053/preface
#15
EDITORIAL
Barbara E Curry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573052/bioenergetics-trophic-ecology-and-niche-separation-of-tunas
#16
R J Olson, J W Young, F Ménard, M Potier, V Allain, N Goñi, J M Logan, F Galván-Magaña
Tunas are highly specialized predators that have evolved numerous adaptations for a lifestyle that requires large amounts of energy consumption. Here we review our understanding of the bioenergetics and feeding dynamics of tunas on a global scale, with an emphasis on yellowfin, bigeye, skipjack, albacore, and Atlantic bluefin tunas. Food consumption balances bioenergetics expenditures for respiration, growth (including gonad production), specific dynamic action, egestion, and excretion. Tunas feed across the micronekton and some large zooplankton...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573051/fish-ecology-and-evolution-in-the-world-s-oxygen-minimum-zones-and-implications-of-ocean-deoxygenation
#17
N D Gallo, L A Levin
Oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) and oxygen limited zones (OLZs) are important oceanographic features in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Ocean, and are characterized by hypoxic conditions that are physiologically challenging for demersal fish. Thickness, depth of the upper boundary, minimum oxygen levels, local temperatures, and diurnal, seasonal, and interannual oxycline variability differ regionally, with the thickest and shallowest OMZs occurring in the subtropics and tropics. Although most fish are not hypoxia-tolerant, at least 77 demersal fish species from 16 orders have evolved physiological, behavioural, and morphological adaptations that allow them to live under the severely hypoxic, hypercapnic, and at times sulphidic conditions found in OMZs...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573050/acclimatization-and-adaptive-capacity-of-marine-species-in-a-changing-ocean
#18
S A Foo, M Byrne
To persist in an ocean changing in temperature, pH and other stressors related to climate change, many marine species will likely need to acclimatize or adapt to avoid extinction. If marine populations possess adequate genetic variation in tolerance to climate change stressors, species might be able to adapt to environmental change. Marine climate change research is moving away from single life stage studies where individuals are directly placed into projected scenarios ('future shock' approach), to focus on the adaptive potential of populations in an ocean that will gradually change over coming decades...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573049/decadal-scale-forecasting-of-climate-drivers-for-marine-applications
#19
J Salinger, A J Hobday, R J Matear, T J O'Kane, J S Risbey, P Dunstan, J P Eveson, E A Fulton, M Feng, É E Plagányi, E S Poloczanska, A G Marshall, P A Thompson
Climate influences marine ecosystems on a range of time scales, from weather-scale (days) through to climate-scale (hundreds of years). Understanding of interannual to decadal climate variability and impacts on marine industries has received less attention. Predictability up to 10 years ahead may come from large-scale climate modes in the ocean that can persist over these time scales. In Australia the key drivers of climate variability affecting the marine environment are the Southern Annular Mode, the Indian Ocean Dipole, the El Niño/Southern Oscillation, and the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation, each has phases that are associated with different ocean circulation patterns and regional environmental variables...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26790896/humpback-dolphins-sousa-spp-current-status-and-conservation-part-2-preface
#20
EDITORIAL
Thomas A Jefferson, Barbara E Curry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
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