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Advances in Child Development and Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844250/preface
#1
EDITORIAL
Julie Sarama, Douglas H Clements, Carrie Germeroth, Crystal Day-Hess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844249/interventions-in-early-mathematics-avoiding-pollution-and-dilution
#2
Julie Sarama, Douglas H Clements
Although specific interventions in early mathematics have been successful, few have been brought to scale successfully, especially across the challenging diversity of populations and contexts in the early childhood system in the United States. In this chapter, we analyze a theoretically based scale-up model for early mathematics that was designed to avoid the pollution and dilution that often plagues efforts to achieve broad success. We elaborate the theoretical framework by noting the junctures that are susceptible to dilution or pollution...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844248/the-use-of-concrete-experiences-in-early-childhood-mathematics-instruction
#3
Arthur J Baroody
Addressed are four key issues regarding concrete instruction: What is concrete? What is a worthwhile concrete experience? How can concrete experiences be used effectively in early childhood mathematics instruction? Is there evidence such experiences work? I argue that concrete experiences are those that build on what is familiar to a child and can involve objects, verbal analogies, or virtual images. The use of manipulatives or computer games, for instance, does not in itself guarantee an educational experience...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844247/early-executive-function-and-mathematics-relations-correlation-does-not-ensure-concordance
#4
Michèle M M Mazzocco, Jenny Yun-Chen Chan, Allison M Bock
In this chapter, we address one potentially overlooked component of the relation between executive function (EF) skills and early mathematics, a relation for which there is widespread empirical support. Evidence for this relation has, thus far, been largely correlational. Here we emphasize that because positive correlations do not guarantee concordance among all members of a sample or population, a small but meaningful number of children may either fare well in mathematics despite poor EF skills, or may have strong EF skills despite weak mathematics skills...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844246/interventions-for-primary-school-children-with-difficulties-in-mathematics
#5
Ann Dowker
Difficulty with arithmetic is a common problem for children and adults, though there has been some work on the topic for a surprisingly long time. This chapter will review some of the research that has been done over the years on interventions with primary school children. Interventions can be of various levels of intensiveness, ranging from whole-class approaches that take account of individual differences through small-group and limited-time individual interventions to extended-time individual interventions...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844245/designing-studies-to-test-causal-questions-about-early-math-the-development-of-making-pre-k-count
#6
Shira K Mattera, Pamela A Morris, Robin Jacob, Michelle Maier, Natalia Rojas
A growing literature has demonstrated that early math skills are associated with later outcomes for children. This research has generated interest in improving children's early math competencies as a pathway to improved outcomes for children in elementary school. The Making Pre-K Count study was designed to test the effects of an early math intervention for preschoolers. Its design was unique in that, in addition to causally testing the effects of early math skills, it also allowed for the examination of a number of additional questions about scale-up, the influence of contextual factors and the counterfactual environment, the mechanism of long-term fade-out, and the role of measurement in early childhood intervention findings...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844244/notice-explore-and-talk-about-mathematics-making-a-positive-difference-for-preschool-children-families-and-educators-in-australian-communities-that-experience-multiple-disadvantages
#7
Ann Gervasoni, Bob Perry
Let's Count is a preschool mathematics intervention implemented by The Smith Family from 2012 to the present in "disadvantaged" communities across Australia. It is based on current mathematics and early childhood education research and aligns with the Australian Early Years Learning Framework. Let's Count has been shown to be effective in enhancing mathematics learning and dispositions of young children, early childhood educators, and families through a longitudinal evaluation undertaken from 2012 to 2015. In this chapter, the authors explore the development, implementation, and evaluation of Let's Count and highlight the importance of adults noticing, exploring, and talking about children's mathematics...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844243/coaching-in-early-mathematics
#8
Carrie Germeroth, Julie Sarama
Falling scores in math have prompted a renewed interest in math instruction at early ages. By their own admission, early childhood educators are generally underprepared and not always comfortable teaching math. Professional development (PD) in early mathematics is widely considered a main way to increase teachers' skills and efficacy (e.g., Guskey, 2000; Hyson & Woods, 2014; Munby, Russell, & Martin, 2001; Piasta, Logan, Pelatti, Capps, & Petrill, 2015; Richardson & Placier, 2001; Sarama, Clements, Wolfe, & Spitler, 2016; Sarama & DiBiase, 2004; Zaslow, 2014)...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844242/the-dreme-network-research-and-interventions-in-early-childhood-mathematics
#9
Crystal Day-Hess, Douglas H Clements
The DREME Network was created to advance the field of early mathematics research and improves the opportunities to develop math competencies offered to children birth through age 8 years, with an emphasis on the preschool years. All four main Network projects will have implications for interventions. Section 1 introduces the Network and its four projects. The remainder of the chapter focuses on one of these four projects, Making More of Math (MMM), in depth. MMM is directly developing an intervention for children, based on selecting high-quality instructional activities culled from the burgeoning curriculum resources...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215290/preface
#10
EDITORIAL
J B Benson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215289/mental-objects-in-working-memory-development-of-basic-capacity-or-of-cognitive-completion
#11
REVIEW
N Cowan
Working memory is the small amount of information that we hold in mind and use to carry out cognitive processes such as language comprehension and production, problem solving, and decision making. In order to understand cognitive development, it would be helpful to know whether working memory increases in capacity with development and, if so, how and why. I will focus on two major stumbling blocks toward understanding working memory development, namely that (1) many potentially relevant aspects of the mind change in parallel during development, obscuring the role of any one change; and (2) one cannot use the same test procedure from infancy to adulthood, complicating comparisons across age groups...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215288/applications-of-dynamic-systems-theory-to-cognition-and-development-new-frontiers
#12
S Perone, V R Simmering
A central goal in developmental science is to explain the emergence of new behavioral forms. Researchers consider potential sources of behavioral change depending partly on their theoretical perspective. This chapter reviews one perspective, dynamic systems theory, which emphasizes the interactions among multiple components to drive behavior and developmental change. To illustrate the central concepts of dynamic systems theory, we describe empirical and computational studies from a range of domains, including motor development, the Piagetian A-not-B task, infant visual recognition, visual working memory capacity, and language learning...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215287/the-development-of-body-image-and-weight-bias-in-childhood
#13
REVIEW
S J Paxton, S R Damiano
Negative body image attitudes are related to the onset of disordered eating, poor self-esteem, general mental health problems, and obesity. In this chapter, we will review the nature of body image attitudes in girls and boys in early (approximately 3-7 years old) and later childhood (approximately 8-11 years old). The body image attitudes explored in this chapter include body image attitudes related to the self, with a focus on body dissatisfaction, and body image attitudes related to others, with a focus on weight bias...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215286/the-development-of-tactile-perception
#14
REVIEW
A J Bremner, C Spence
Touch is the first of our senses to develop, providing us with the sensory scaffold on which we come to perceive our own bodies and our sense of self. Touch also provides us with direct access to the external world of physical objects, via haptic exploration. Furthermore, a recent area of interest in tactile research across studies of developing children and adults is its social function, mediating interpersonal bonding. Although there are a range of demonstrations of early competence with touch, particularly in the domain of haptics, the review presented here indicates that many of the tactile perceptual skills that we take for granted as adults (e...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215285/perspectives-on-perspective-taking-how-children-think-about-the-minds-of-others
#15
REVIEW
S A J Birch, V Li, T Haddock, S E Ghrear, P Brosseau-Liard, A Baimel, M Whyte
Perspective taking, or "theory of mind," involves reasoning about the mental states of others (e.g., their intentions, desires, knowledge, beliefs) and is called upon in virtually every aspect of human interaction. Our goals in writing this chapter were to provide an overview of (a) the research questions developmental psychologists ask to shed light on how children think about the inner workings of the mind, and (b) why such research is invaluable in understanding human nature and our ability to interact with, and learn from, one another...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215284/how-children-learn-to-navigate-the-symbolic-world-of-pictures-the-importance-of-the-artist-s-mind-and-differentiating-picture-modalities
#16
REVIEW
M L Allen, E Armitage
Pictures offer a unique and essential contribution to our lives, both in terms of aesthetic pleasure and links to symbolic thought. As such, psychologists have devoted significant time to investigating how children acquire an understanding of pictures. This chapter focuses on two particular facets of this development: the role of the artist and the importance of picture modality. First, we review work that has focused on tracking children's ability to (a) map the relationship between the mental state of the artist and their pictures, and (b) incorporate such considerations into their evaluations of pictures...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215283/why-neighborhoods-and-how-we-study-them-matter-for-adolescent-development
#17
REVIEW
T D Warner, R A Settersten
Adolescence is a sensitive developmental period marked by significant changes that unfold across multiple contexts. As a central context of development, neighborhoods capture-in both physical and social space-the stratification of life chances and differential distribution of resources and risks. For some youth, neighborhoods are springboards to opportunities; for others, they are snares that constrain progress and limit the ability to avoid risks. Despite abundant research on "neighborhood effects," scant attention has been paid to how neighborhoods are a product of social stratification forces that operate simultaneously to affect human development...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215282/how-does-experience-shape-early-development-considering-the-role-of-top-down-mechanisms
#18
REVIEW
L L Emberson
Perceptual development requires infants to adapt their perceptual systems to the structures and statistical information of their environment. In this way, perceptual development is not only important in its own right, but is a case study for behavioral and neural plasticity-powerful mechanisms that have the potential to support developmental change in numerous domains starting early in life. While it is widely assumed that perceptual development is a bottom-up process, where simple exposure to sensory input modifies perceptual representations starting early in the perceptual system, there are several critical phenomena in this literature that cannot be explained with an exclusively bottom-up model...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474430/global-equity-and-justice-issues-for-young-people-during-the-first-three-decades-of-life
#19
REVIEW
Anne Petersen, Silvia H Koller, Frosso Motti-Stefanidi, Suman Verma
This chapter takes a global perspective on equity and justice during development from childhood into adulthood. Globally, the population of young people is booming with the most rapid growth among young people in the poorest countries. While already faced with significant issues related to development and thriving, this population boom also exacerbates equity and justice for these children. Given this urgent situation, this chapter builds from the large body of minority world research, as well as the emergent majority world research, to argue that in order to turn the youth bulge into a demographic dividend, researchers must utilize a positive development framing rather than the more dominant problem-focused framing in studying these issues...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474429/and-i-shot-her-on-war-and-the-creation-of-inequities-in-the-development-of-youths-moral-capacities
#20
REVIEW
Cecilia Wainryb, Stacia Bourne
War creates a multifaceted web of inequities that encompass most levels of the ecology of youth development. These include psychosocial inequities bearing on war-exposed youth's limited access to medical and educational services and job-training and employment opportunities, as well as some of the unique psychological sequelae of trauma exposure. In this chapter we put forth a twofold argument. First, we argue that the protracted hardships of war also create enduring psychological inequities that go beyond the well-documented psychosocial needs and psychological trauma, and encompass other aspects of youths' healthy development; these are inequities inasmuch as they represent profound alterations of the developmental pathways available to war-affected youth...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
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