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Advances in Child Development and Behavior

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474432/preface-to-volume-50
#1
EDITORIAL
Stacey S Horn, Martin D Ruck, Lynn S Liben
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474431/preface
#2
EDITORIAL
Stacey S Horn, Martin D Ruck, Lynn S Liben
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474430/global-equity-and-justice-issues-for-young-people-during-the-first-three-decades-of-life
#3
Anne Petersen, Silvia H Koller, Frosso Motti-Stefanidi, Suman Verma
This chapter takes a global perspective on equity and justice during development from childhood into adulthood. Globally, the population of young people is booming with the most rapid growth among young people in the poorest countries. While already faced with significant issues related to development and thriving, this population boom also exacerbates equity and justice for these children. Given this urgent situation, this chapter builds from the large body of minority world research, as well as the emergent majority world research, to argue that in order to turn the youth bulge into a demographic dividend, researchers must utilize a positive development framing rather than the more dominant problem-focused framing in studying these issues...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474429/and-i-shot-her-on-war-and-the-creation-of-inequities-in-the-development-of-youths-moral-capacities
#4
Cecilia Wainryb, Stacia Bourne
War creates a multifaceted web of inequities that encompass most levels of the ecology of youth development. These include psychosocial inequities bearing on war-exposed youth's limited access to medical and educational services and job-training and employment opportunities, as well as some of the unique psychological sequelae of trauma exposure. In this chapter we put forth a twofold argument. First, we argue that the protracted hardships of war also create enduring psychological inequities that go beyond the well-documented psychosocial needs and psychological trauma, and encompass other aspects of youths' healthy development; these are inequities inasmuch as they represent profound alterations of the developmental pathways available to war-affected youth...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474428/mixed-status-immigrant-families-in-the-united-states-the-role-of-social-justice-in-intervention-research
#5
Mackenzie D M Whipps, Hirokazu Yoshikawa
More than 4 million unauthorized parents of legal status children currently reside in the United States (Capps, Fix, & Zong, 2016). Developmental scientists and intervention researchers hoping to work with these mixed-status families face a myriad of challenges, largely generated from the population's policy-driven social exclusion. Despite the challenges, there is a moral imperative to work with and support parents and children currently living in mixed-status households. This chapter applies a social justice perspective, largely stemming from Prilleltensky's critical community psychological framework, to improve the relevance and usefulness of research on mixed-status families (Prilleltensky & Nelson, 1997)...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474427/social-justice-and-the-environmental-commons
#6
Constance A Flanagan, Rachel Byington, Erin Gallay, Allison Sambo
In this chapter, we build on the scholarship on youth civic engagement by turning attention to the environmental commons as a space for political action. We begin with a definition of the term and arguments about ways that social justice is implied in it. Following that, we raise several psychological challenges to motivating action on behalf of the environmental commons and discuss the critical experiences and actions that can defy those challenges. Finally, drawing from Ostrom's empirical evidence opposing a tragedy of the commons, we discuss practices consistent with a social justice approach that nurture in younger generations an identification with and commitment to the environmental commons and discuss how this orientation would benefit human beings, democracies, and the earth...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474426/power-process-and-protection-juveniles-as-defendants-in-the-justice-system
#7
Jennifer L Woolard, Kristin Henning, Erika Fountain
The juvenile court was created in 1899 in part to remedy the unfairness of trying youth in the adult criminal justice system, but its success at rectifying those problems is unclear. One concern is that the vast majority of youth who are adjudicated delinquent are adjudicated after waiving their right to trial and entering a guilty plea. Fairness and equity in the plea bargaining process are premised on the assumption that youth have the capacity to understand and elect between available options and will be given a meaningful opportunity to choose without coercion and deception...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474425/children-s-intergroup-relations-and-attitudes
#8
Rebecca S Bigler, John M Rohrbach, Kiara L Sanchez
The existence of warm, intimate, supportive, and egalitarian relationships between members of differing social outgroups is likely, at the societal level, to facilitate cooperation and cohesion, and at the individual level, to promote positive social, educational, and occupational outcomes. The developmental pathway from intergroup contact to intergroup attitudes as it operates among children is not, however, well understood. In our chapter, we review and integrate selected social and developmental science related to intergroup relations and attitudes with the goal of proposing a conceptual model of the pathway from intergroup contact to positive intergroup attitudes among youth...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474424/social-exclusion-based-on-group-membership-is-a-form-of-prejudice
#9
Shelby Cooley, Laura Elenbaas, Melanie Killen
Children around the world are affected by bias, prejudice, and discrimination. In this chapter, we argue that intergroup social exclusion-exclusion of peers on the basis of group membership-is a form of prejudice. As such, research efforts should be directed at uncovering the negative intergroup attitudes that sustain these behaviors, and encouraging the development of children's capacity to resist biases in favor of inclusion and just treatment of others. In order to interpret what is known about intergroup social exclusion in childhood, as well as identify compelling issues for current investigation, we introduce our integrative social reasoning developmental model, which emphasizes how children weigh moral and social concerns in everyday peer contexts...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474423/helping-children-navigate-a-diverse-world-parents-contributions
#10
Natasha Cabrera, Catherine Kuhns, Jenessa L Malin, Daniela Aldoney
We review the existing literature on how parents prepare their children to navigate an increasingly diverse world. In particular, we focus much of our attention on the ethnic-racial socialization practices and beliefs of ethnic minority and majority groups, as this area of the field is currently the most expounded. We begin by exploring the current and future demographic characteristics of the United States to better contextualize research on social justice by developmental scientists. We then review the theoretical frameworks typically used to guide this body of research...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474422/racism-racial-resilience-and-african-american-youth-development-person-centered-analysis-as-a-tool-to-promote-equity-and-justice
#11
Enrique W Neblett, Effua E Sosoo, Henry A Willis, Donte L Bernard, Jiwoon Bae, Janelle T Billingsley
Racism constitutes a significant risk to the healthy development of African American youth. Fortunately, however, not all youth who experience racism evidence negative developmental outcomes. In this chapter, we examine person-centered analysis (PCA)-a quantitative technique that investigates how variables combine across individuals-as a useful tool for elucidating racial and ethnic protective processes that mitigate the negative impact of racism. We review recent studies employing PCA in examinations of racial identity, racial socialization, and other race-related experiences, as well as how these constructs correlate with and impact African American youth development...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474421/a-transactional-ecological-perspective-on-ethnic-racial-identity-socialization-and-discrimination
#12
Diane L Hughes, Jon Alexander Watford, Juan Del Toro
We first review current literature on three ethnic-racial dynamics that are considered to be resources and stressors in the lives of ethnic-minority youth: ethnic-racial identity, socialization, and discrimination. Next, we propose that a more contextualized view of these ethnic-racial dynamics reveals that they are interdependent, inseparable, and mutually defining and that an ecological/transactional perspective on these ethnic-racial dynamics shifts researchers' gaze from studying them as individual-level processes to studying the features of settings that produce them...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956076/preface
#13
Stacey S Horn, Martin D Ruck, Lynn S Liben
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956075/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-equity-and-justice-research-insights-from-research-on-children-s-reasoning-about-economic-inequality
#14
REVIEW
Rashmita S Mistry, Elizabeth S White, Kirby A Chow, Katherine M Griffin, Lindsey Nenadal
Mixed methods research approaches are gaining traction across various social science disciplines, including among developmental scientists. In this chapter, we discuss the utility of a mixed methods research approach in examining issues related to equity and justice. We incorporate a brief overview of quantitative and qualitative monomethod research approaches in our larger discussion of the advantages, procedures, and considerations of employing a mixed methods design to advance developmental science from an equity and justice perspective...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956074/youth-led-participatory-action-research-developmental-and-equity-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Emily J Ozer
Youth-led participatory action research (YPAR) is an approach to scientific inquiry and social change grounded in principles of equity that engages young people in identifying problems relevant to their own lives, conducting research to understand the problems, and advocating for changes based on research evidence. This chapter provides an introduction to YPAR followed by consideration of the (a) developmental relevance of YPAR for marginalized youth, (b) implications of YPAR for developmental science research on inequities experienced by youth, and (c) potential opportunities and impact of YPAR for improving key developmental settings such as schools and youth-serving organizations...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956073/just-good-developmental-science-trust-identity-and-responsibility-in-ethnic-minority-recruitment-and-retention
#16
REVIEW
Deborah Rivas-Drake, Tissyana C Camacho, Casta Guillaume
Given the noted difficulty of recruiting and retaining ethnic and racial minority populations into various kinds of research endeavors (e.g., basic, prevention, intervention, health), they remain underrepresented and thus underserved by the research community as compared to other US groups. As developmental scientists, we often ask questions that imply longitudinal research designs, and thus, issues of attentiveness and responsiveness are paramount to the successful engagement (i.e., recruitment) and sustainability (i...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956072/a-right-to-disclose-lgbtq-youth-representation-in-data-science-and-policy
#17
REVIEW
Shannon D Snapp, Stephen T Russell, Mariella Arredondo, Russell Skiba
There has been growing attention to sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) in child and adolescent development, public discourse, and research. A strong tension is clear: The right for participation, and thus representation in data, science, and policy, is often understood as conflicting with the right for protection, that is, safety from disclosure of a marginalized orientation or identity. Both participation and protection rights are also closely tied to young people's rights to privacy (or lack thereof)...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956071/gender-stereotypes-and-discrimination-how-sexism-impacts-development
#18
REVIEW
Christia Spears Brown, Ellen A Stone
In this chapter, we summarize and integrate some of the latest developmental science research on gender stereotypes and discrimination in childhood and adolescence. We focus on five forms of sexism: (a) stereotypes and discrimination against boys regarding their school behaviors and disciplinary actions; (b) stereotypes and discrimination against girls in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) domains; (c) stereotypes and discrimination in sports; (d) peer gendered harassment, including sexual harassment and teasing because of gender atypicality or nonconformity; and (e) sexualized gender stereotypes that sexually objectify girls and assume boys are sexually voracious...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956070/social-inequality-in-population-developmental-health-an-equity-and-justice-issue
#19
REVIEW
Daniel P Keating
The conceptual framework for this chapter focuses on outcomes in developmental health as a key indicator of equity. Not all disparities in developmental health are indicators of a failure of equity and justice, but those that are clearly linked to social patterns in theoretically coherent and empirically substantial ways serve as a powerful diagnostic tool. They are especially diagnostic when they point to social factors that are remediable, especially in comparison to societies in which such social disparities are sharply lower (Keating, Siddiqi, & Nguyen, 2013)...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956069/toward-an-intersectional-approach-in-developmental-science-the-role-of-race-gender-sexual-orientation-and-immigrant-status
#20
REVIEW
Negin Ghavami, Dalal Katsiaficas, Leoandra Onnie Rogers
Developmental theory and research have often focused on a single social identity category, for example, race or sexual orientation, and examined the consequences of that category on life outcomes. Yet intersectional models of social disadvantage (eg, Cole, 2009; Crenshaw, 1995; King, 1988) suggest that social categories combine to shape the experiences and life outcomes of individuals across life domains. In this chapter, we review empirical research that offers insight into the intersectionality of social identities across three critical developmental periods, namely, middle childhood, adolescence, and emerging adulthood...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
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