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Acta Virologica

Z Vozárová, A Nagyová, S Nováková
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Acta Virologica
P V Kumar, S K Sharma, N Rishi, D K Ghosh, V K Baranwal
Management of viral diseases relies on definite and sensitive detection methods. Citrus yellow mosaic virus (CYMV), a double stranded DNA virus of the genus Badnavirus, causes yellow mosaic disease in citrus plants. CYMV is transmitted through budwood and requires a robust and simplified indexing protocol for budwood certification programme. The present study reports development and standardization of an isothermal based recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay for a sensitive, rapid, easy, and cost-effective method for detection and diagnosis of CYMV...
2018: Acta Virologica
M Kúdelová, M Slovák, P Kabát, T Derka, B Števove, M Bohuš, M Vrbová
Murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) is a natural pathogen that infects murid rodents which serve as hosts for Dermacentor reticulatus and Ixodes ricinus ticks. For the first time, MHV-68 was detected in immature I. ricinus ticks feeding on lizards trapped in Slovakia. Later on, MHV-68 infection was detected in D. reticulatus and Haemaphysalis concinna ticks collected on vegetation, which supported the idea that ticks can acquire the virus from feeding on infected hosts. Here, we report MHV-68 infection, which was detected by nested PCR, in D...
2018: Acta Virologica
P Raja, T M A Senthilkumar, C V Priyadarshini, M Parthiban, A Thangavelu, A Mangala Gowri, A Palanisammi, K Kumanan
Infectious bursal disease virus isolates obtained from southern parts of India were subjected to comparative sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of 743bp hypervariable region of VP2. The sequence analysis showed that among eight isolates, only HY12 showed the characteristic conserved amino acid residues at 256I, 294I, and 299S of vvIBDV. Six isolates BGE14, PY12, NKL14, VCN14, RPM14 and EDE14 had conserved amino acid residues at 256I and 299S, whereas at residue 294, isoleucine was substituted by valine. The remaining isolate MB11 had leucine at residue 294 and asparagine at residue 299 similar to classical strain 52/70...
2018: Acta Virologica
R-K Seong, J-A Kim, O S Shin
Wogonin, a flavonoid isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis, has attracted increasing scientific attention in recent years because of its potent anti-tumor activity. Its role during viral infection has largely been unexplored. Wogonin treatment effectively suppressed both influenza A and B virus replication in Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells and human lung epithelial (A549) cells. In contrast, wogonin treatment following influenza A virus infection led to up-regulation of interferon (IFN)-induced antiviral signaling...
2018: Acta Virologica
M Uma, S R Hegde, P P Rao, K Nagalekshmi, S Gauthami, D Kumar, N R Hegde
Poliovirus (PV) contains a single-stranded positive-sense RNA genome, which is translated into a single polyprotein. Viral proteases process this polyprotein to produce several individual as well as fused proteins. The major viral protease 3C cleaves at nine of the eleven cleavage sites. During the process of expressing PV 3ABC protein in Escherichia coli, we identified a 3C mutant (L70P), which lost its protease activity. This loss of function was confirmed by generating recombinant adenoviruses expressing mutant and wild-type 3C...
2018: Acta Virologica
P Kashyap, M Deka, S Medhi, S Dutta, K Kashyap, N Kumari
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) which causes liver disease is recognized by Toll-like receptors (TLRs) through the viral nucleic acid, initiating the host defense response. The study aims to analyze the role of TLR4 rs11536889 polymorphism in the pathogenesis of hepatitis A cases from Assam. There was significant correlation between TLR4 SNP G/C (rs11536889) and between acute viral hepatitis (AVH) A cases and controls. The correlation of the 3 different genotypes GG, GC and CC of TLR4 rs11536889 with the TLR4 mRNA expression level in all the HAV cases groups have been found to be statistically significant (p <0...
2018: Acta Virologica
T Xu, Z Lin, C H Wang, Y Li, M Zhao, L Hua, B Zhu
There is still no effective clinical antiviral drug against human enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection, which causes hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children. Scavenger receptor class B member 2 (SCARB2) is an important receptor of EV71 as it plays a vital role in the early steps of viral infection. In this study, recombinant SCARB2 protein was expressed and purified in a prokaryotic expression system, and was identified by western blot with a monoclonal antibody and mass spectrometry analysis. Detection of the sera from mice immunized with the recombinant SCARB2 protein using ELISA and western blot showed good immunogenicity of the recombinant protein...
2018: Acta Virologica
Q Zhang, J L Huang, Y B Liang, Y P He, D W Tong, X G Xu
Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) is an important pathogen in swine that is responsible for substantial economic losses. Previous studies suggest that the TGEV non-structural protein 7 (nsp7) plays an important role in the viral assembly process. However, the subcellular localization and other functions of the TGEV nsp7 protein are still unclear. In this study we have examined the subcellular localization and other functions of TGEV nsp7 protein through analysis of its effects on cell growth, cell cycle progression, interleukin 8 (IL-8) expression, and NF-κB activation...
2018: Acta Virologica
Z Wyżewski, K P Gregorczyk, J Szczepanowska, L Szulc-Dąbrowska
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are a family of proteins highly conserved in evolution. Members of the Hsp family are mainly responsible for proper protein folding, however they perform many other functions in living organisms. Hsp60 is a molecular chaperone that is present in mitochondria and cytosol of eukaryotic cells, as well as on their surface. It is also found in the extracellular space and in the peripheral blood. Apart from its role in assisting protein folding in cooperation with Hsp10, Hsp60 contributes to regulation of apoptosis, as well as participates in modulation of the immune system activity...
2018: Acta Virologica
I Mori
The blood-nerve barrier (BNB) shields peripheral nerves from the blood in order to maintain the homeostasis of the nervous system. In the field of infectious diseases, little information is currently available concerning the BNB. Recently documented evidence in virology suggests that elevated permeability of the BNB by immune cells and the natural absence of the BNB in the olfactory mucosa play significant roles in neuroprotection as well as neuropathogenesis. Importantly, the BNB can behave more flexibly than previously thought...
2018: Acta Virologica
M M Jamil Al-Obaidi, A Bahadoran, S M Wang, R Manikam, Ch S Raju, S D Sekaran
The blood brain barrier consisting of astrocytes, pericytes and brain microvascular endothelial cells plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of neurotropic viruses by controlling the access of circulating molecules, immune cells or viruses into the central nervous system (CNS). However, this barrier is not impenetrable and neuroviruses have evolved to disrupt and evade it. This review aims to describe the underlying entry mechanisms of several neuroviruses such as (Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), West Nile virus (WNV), Zika virus (ZIKV), Nipah virus (NiV), Rabies virus (RABV), Herpes simplex virus (HSV) and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)) into the CNS through BBB disruption...
2018: Acta Virologica
A Ashraf, S Mahboob, R Andleeb, M U Ijaz, M S Shah
Recently, medicinal plants are achieving great interest because of their use in ethno medicine treatment of different common diseases and also other medicinal assertions are now reinforced by comprehensive scientific evidence. Almost 82 research articles and abstracts published, so far, were screened for evaluating antiviral efficiency of various plant samples and 23 different plants were found to be traditionally used against Newcastle disease (ND). ND is a most transmissible viral disease of avian species caused by virulent strain of Avula virus from the Paramyxoviridae family...
2018: Acta Virologica
A Shchetynina, I Budzanivska, O Pereboychuk, M Sõmera, E Truve
In September 2011, the leaf samples of hosta cultivar 'Sum and substance' were collected from the collection of Gryshko' National Botanical Garden in Kyiv. The leaves showed dark green streaking and puckering along the leaf veins. Transmission electron microscopy revealed the presence of filamentous viral particles 13 nm in diameter and 470-580 nm in length. Reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) analysis confirmed the presence of Hosta virus X (HVX). The sequencing of the complete genome revealed 99% identity to HVX-37 and 97...
2017: Acta Virologica
R Lucá, R Giacominelli-Stuffler, S Mazzariol, S Roperto, C Cocumelli, G DI Guardo
Dolphin morbillivirus (DMV), a highly pathogenic agent, may cause peculiar, "brain-only" forms of infection (BOFDI), in which viral antigen and/or genome is found exclusively in the brain from striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba). These BOFDIs show morphopathological similarities with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis and old dog encephalitis (ODE) in measles virus-infected patients and in canine distemper virus-infected dogs, respectively. The brain tissue from 3 BOFDI-affected striped dolphins was investigated by means of double labelling-indirect immunofluorescence (DL-IIF) and ultrastructurally, in order to characterize the DMV-targeted neuronal and non-neuronal cell populations, along with the associated submicroscopic findings...
2017: Acta Virologica
Z Vozárová, M Glasa, Z W Šubr
The P1 protein is derived from the N terminus of potyvirus-coded polyprotein. In addition to the proteolytic activity essential for its maturation, it probably participates in suppression of host defense and/or in virus replication. Clear validation of the P1 in vivo function(s), however, is not yet available. We applied an infectious cDNA clone of plum pox virus (PPV), where the P1 was N-fused with a hexahistidine tag, to trace this protein in Nicotiana benthamiana plants during the PPV infection. Immunoblot analysis with the anti-his antibody showed a diffuse band corresponding to the molecular weight about 70-80 kDa (about twice larger than expected) in the root samples from early stage of infection...
2017: Acta Virologica
L Zhu, L Huang, Y Zhu, X Ding, G Zhu
Calcium is one of the most prominent second messengers in eukaryotic cells. The involvement of calcium signaling in bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) replication was not yet reported. In this study, we revealed that the L-type Ca2+ calcium channel blocker, Verapamil and store-operated calcium channel blocker, 2-aminoethyl diphenylborinate (2-APB) inhibited BoHV-1 replication in MDBK cells at the post-entry stages, and the Na+/Ca²+ exchanger inhibitor, N-arachidonoyl glycine exchanger (NAGly) interfered with the viral entry process...
2017: Acta Virologica
L Zhu, Y Yu, X Jiang, W Yuan, G Zhu
Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) infection causes substantial economic losses to the cattle industry worldwide. So far, the isolation of BoHV-1 field virus has not been reported in China. Here, for the first time we report that two isolates of BoHV-1 designated as NJ16-1 and NJ16-2 were obtained from semen samples from breeding bulls in China. Typical cytopathic effect in MDBK cells, detection of viral protein VP16 in western blot analysis, PCR detection of BoHV-1 gB gene proved BoHV-1 infection and subsequent nucleotide sequence analysis showed a 99% identity with BoHV-1 Cooper strain...
2017: Acta Virologica
D Park, H Kim, Y Hahn
Watermelon mosaic virus (WMV) is a member of the genus Potyvirus, which is the largest genus of plant viruses. WMV is a significant pathogen of crop plants, including Cucurbitaceae species. A WMV strain, designated as WMV-Pg, was identified in transcriptome data collected from ginseng (Panax ginseng) root. WMV-Pg showed 84% nucleotide sequence identity and 91% amino acid sequence identity with its closest related virus, WMV-Fr. A phylogenetic analysis of WMV-Pg with other WMVs and soybean mosaic viruses (SMVs) indicated that WMV-Pg is a distinct subtype of the WMV/SMV group of the genus Potyvirus in the family Potyviridae...
2017: Acta Virologica
Y Wang, N Li, X Zhao, J Hu, Y He, T Hu, S Wang, Y Wang, K Cao
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV) movement protein (P50) is involved in cell-to-cell transport and influences the long-distance spread of silencing activity. Previously, we obtained 69 P50-interacting proteins from Malus sylvestris cv. R12740-7A and using bioinformatics analyzed their biological functions. In this study, we used the GAL4-based two-hybrid yeast system and His pull-down assays to confirm an interaction between PR-10 of M. sylvestris cv. R12740-7A and ACLSV P50. Our results provide a theoretical basis for further research on the biological function of PR-10 in ACLSV infection and the interacting mechanism between host and virus...
2017: Acta Virologica
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