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Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915910/colonization-of-the-bovine-uterus-by-candida-kefyr
#1
Cecilia Christensen Karstrup, Bent Aalbæk, Kirstine Klitgaard, Tim Kåre Jensen, Hanne Gervi Pedersen, Jørgen Steen Agerholm
BACKGROUND: While fungal infections of the bovine uterus are well-known diseases in pregnant cattle, very limited knowledge exists on the presence and significance of fungi in the uterus of non-pregnant cows. Presence of fungi in the uterine lumen of postpartum (pp) cows has been reported, but little attention has been paid to this as most studies of the bovine pp uterus have focused on bacteria. CASE PRESENTATION: Microscopy of uterine lavage cytology slides of three cows from one herd revealed the presence of numerous yeast-like organisms, which were located either free in the fluid or within macrophages...
September 16, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903765/antimicrobial-resistance-among-pathogenic-bacteria-from-mink-neovison-vison-in-denmark
#2
Nanett Kvist Nikolaisen, Desireé Corvera Kløve Lassen, Mariann Chriél, Gitte Larsen, Vibeke Frøkjær Jensen, Karl Pedersen
BACKGROUND: For proper treatment of bacterial infections in mink, knowledge of the causative agents and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns is crucial. The used antimicrobials are in general not registered for mink, i.e. most usage is "off-label". In this study, we report the patterns of antimicrobial resistance among pathogenic bacteria isolated from Danish mink during the period 2014-2016. The aim of this investigation was to provide data on antimicrobial resistance and consumption, to serve as background knowledge for new veterinary guidelines for prudent and optimal antimicrobial usage in mink...
September 13, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893322/bovine-trypanosomosis-changes-in-parasitemia-and-packed-cell-volume-in-dry-and-wet-seasons-at-gidami-district-oromia-regional-state-western-ethiopia
#3
Efrem Degneh, Workineh Shibeshi, Getachew Terefe, Kaleab Asres, Hagos Ashenafi
BACKGROUND: Animal trypanosomosis is one of the major disease problems affecting agricultural productivity in Ethiopia. The impact of the disease is believed to vary with season and agro-ecologies in line with fly vector distribution. A cross-sectional study on bovine trypanosomosis was conducted from November 2015 to June 2016, in seven selected villages of Gidami district, Oromia Regional State, western Ethiopia. A total of 930 blood samples were collected and subjected to parasitological and hematological analysis...
September 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893310/effect-of-long-term-storage-in-safe-cell-extender-on-boar-sperm-dna-integrity-and-other-key-sperm-parameters
#4
Wiesław Bielas, Wojciech Niżański, Agnieszka Partyka, Anna Rząsa, Ryszard Mordak
BACKGROUND: There is some controversy about the extent of changes in different sperm cell features in stored boar semen, especially regarding the potential role of the DNA fragmentation assay for assessment of sperm fertilizing ability. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of time of storage and the dynamic changes in sperm cell characteristics in normospermic boar semen stored in long-term extender, in order to determine the susceptibility to damage of particular structures of spermatozoa during cooling and storage at 17 °C for 240 h post collection...
September 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886754/on-farm-biosecurity-practices-and-causes-of-preweaning-mortality-in-canadian-commercial-mink-kits
#5
Nicole Compo, David L Pearl, Brian Tapscott, Amanda Storer, Jutta Hammermueller, Marina Brash, Patricia V Turner
BACKGROUND: Mink are an important animal commodity group in Canada and excessive kit mortality represents a significant loss to production. National biosecurity standards have been developed for Canadian mink farms, but it is unclear how well these standards have been implemented as there are no studies correlating management practices of mink producers with causes of death in mink kits. To that end, we surveyed Ontario mink producers on their biosecurity and management practices and conducted almost 5660 post mortem examinations on found-dead, preweaned kits to characterize mink farm biosecurity practices and causes of death in preweaned kits...
September 8, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882153/susceptibility-of-moroccan-sheep-and-goat-breeds-to-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus
#6
Fatima Zohra Fakri, Asmaa Elhajjam, Zahra Bamouh, Mohammed Jazouli, Zineb Boumart, Khalid Tadlaoui, Ouafaa Fassi-Fihri, Mehdi Elharrak
BACKGROUND: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious viral disease of small ruminants in Asia and Africa. In 2008, a PPR outbreak was reported for the first time in Morocco and a mass vaccination campaign allowed control of the disease. In this study, the susceptibility of four Moroccan local breeds of small ruminants to PPR virus was investigated by experimental infections. The objective was to make recommendations for improved epidemiological surveillance in Morocco by evaluating the susceptibility of the dominant Moroccan small ruminant breeds...
September 7, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877731/hypoluteoidism-in-a-dog-associated-with-recurrent-mammary-fibroadenoma-stimulated-by-progestin-therapy
#7
Maria Teresa Zedda, Luisa Bogliolo, Elisabetta Antuofermo, Laura Falchi, Federica Ariu, Giovanni Pietro Burrai, Salvatore Pau
BACKGROUND: Hypoluteoidism in the bitch is characterized by insufficient production and secretion of progesterone by the corpora lutea. It is a rare pathologic condition and during pregnancy, it leads to embryonic resorption or fetal abortion. Supplementary therapy with progestins is indicated during pregnancy to obtain delivery of vital puppies but unwarranted side effects of such treatment are poorly documented. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-year-old, nulliparous, female Istrian Shorthaired Hound dog had been mated repeatedly in six heats with different dogs of proven fertility but signs of pregnancy did not develop...
September 6, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774326/questionnaire-survey-of-detrimental-fur-animal-epidemic-necrotic-pyoderma-in-finland
#8
Heli Nordgren, Katariina Vapalahti, Olli Vapalahti, Antti Sukura, Anna-Maija Virtala
BACKGROUND: In 2007, a previously unrecorded disease, fur animal epidemic necrotic pyoderma (FENP), was detected in farmed mink (Neovision vision), foxes (Vulpes lagopus) and Finnraccoons (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in Finland. Symptoms included severe pyoderma with increased mortality, causing both animal welfare problems and economic losses. In 2011, an epidemiologic questionnaire was mailed to all members of the Finnish Fur Breeders' Association to assess the occurrence of FENP from 2009 through the first 6 months of 2011...
August 3, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764735/occurrence-of-cardiorespiratory-diseases-and-impact-on-lifespan-in-swedish-irish-wolfhounds-a-retrospective-questionnaire-based-study
#9
Lovisa Orleifson, Ingrid Ljungvall, Katja Höglund, Jens Häggström
BACKGROUND: According to Swedish animal insurance data, Irish Wolfhounds (IW) are 29 times more likely to die from cardiac causes than the baseline breed. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has a high prevalence in the breed and the disease has been shown to be hereditary in IW. Few studies address respiratory diseases in IW, but reports suggest that the incidence of pneumonia is high. Respiratory diseases are reported as a common cause of death in the breed along with cardiac, neoplastic, musculoskeletal and gastrointestinal diseases...
August 2, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764737/the-reproductive-pattern-and-potential-of-free-ranging-female-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-in-sweden
#10
Anna Malmsten, Gunnar Jansson, Nils Lundeheim, Anne-Marie Dalin
BACKGROUND: The number and spatial distribution of wild boars (Sus scrofa) has increased remarkably in Sweden as well as in other European countries. To understand the population dynamics of the wild boar, knowledge of its reproductive period, oestrus cycle and reproductive success is essential. The aim of this study was therefore to describe the seasonal reproductive pattern and reproductive potential of a wild boar population in Sweden. The study was based on findings from macroscopic examinations of the reproductive organs from 575 hunter-harvested female wild boars (>30 kg body weight)...
August 1, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750636/pathogenic-genotype-of-major-piroplasm-surface-protein-associated-with-anemia-in-theileria-orientalis-infection-in-cattle
#11
Suhee Kim, Do-Hyeon Yu, Jeong-Byoung Chae, Kyoung-Seong Choi, Hyeon-Cheol Kim, Bae-Keun Park, Joon-Seok Chae, Jinho Park
Serious disease outbreaks in cattle caused by Theileria orientalis have emerged in the Asia-Pacific region. Genetic variables of the major piroplasm surface protein (MPSP) expressed on the surface of the piroplasm inside T. orientalis-infected erythrocytes are considered to be associated with variation in the pathogenicity of T. orientalis. Our study describes the clinically relevant MPSP types associated with anemia in Theileria-infected cattle. These results revealed that MPSP expression plays an important role in hematological alterations in Theileria-infected cattle, and that MPSP type 1 is strongly associated with bovine anemia, which can be a potential target for the prevention of bovine theileriosis...
July 27, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743273/erratum-to-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-canine-brief-pain-inventory-in-a-swedish-sample-of-dogs-with-pain-related-to-osteoarthritis
#12
Ann Essner, Lena Zetterberg, Karin Hellström, Pia Gustås, Hans Högberg, Rita Sjöström
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732514/in-vitro-assessment-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-silver-and-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-against-fish-pathogens
#13
Mohamed Ibrahim Shaalan, Magdy Mohamed El-Mahdy, Sarah Theiner, Mansour El-Matbouli, Mona Saleh
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a global issue that threatens public health. The excessive use of antibiotics contributes to this problem as the genes of antibiotic resistance can be transferred between the bacteria in humans, animals and aquatic organisms. Metallic nanoparticles could serve as future substitutes for some conventional antibiotics because of their antimicrobial activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles against major fish pathogens and assess their safety in vitro...
July 21, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716129/current-knowledge-on-feline-injection-site-sarcoma-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Katarzyna Zabielska-Koczywąs, Anna Wojtalewicz, Roman Lechowski
Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISS) are malignant skin tumours of mesenchymal origin, the treatment of which is a challenge for veterinary surgeons. The role of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy in FISS treatment has been studied, and a correlation between "clean" surgical margins and disease-free survival has been shown. In addition, clean surgical margins are one of the most important factors for achieving a low recurrence rate. The most effective method of FISS treatment includes combining radical surgery with pre- or postoperative radiotherapy...
July 17, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716083/influence-of-simethicone-and-fasting-on-the-quality-of-abdominal-ultrasonography-in-new-zealand-white-rabbits
#15
Kassy Gomes da Silva, Carla de Andrade, Cristina Santos Sotomaior
Presence of significant quantities of gas in the intestines may hinder a proper conduction of abdominal ultrasonography. In humans, preparatory techniques are used to solve this, but measures to avoid ultrasonographic complications due to intestinal gas in rabbits have not been reported. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of fasting and simethicone administered orally on the quality of ultrasonographic images of the gallbladder, kidneys, and jejunum in adult New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits...
July 17, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701213/survey-of-interdigital-phlegmon-outbreaks-and-their-risk-factors-in-free-stall-dairy-herds-in-finland
#16
Miia Kontturi, Minna Kujala, Reijo Junni, Erja Malinen, Eija Seuna, Sinikka Pelkonen, Timo Soveri, Heli Simojoki
BACKGROUND: Severe outbreaks of interdigital phlegmon (IP) associated with a high morbidity and major economic losses have occurred in Finland in the past decade. A survey was performed to indicate the current occurrence of infectious hoof diseases and to identify herd level risk factors predisposing to an outbreak of IP. RESULTS: Responses to a questionnaire revealed that an outbreak of IP defined as morbidity ≥5% within the 1st month of the outbreak, had occurred in 18...
July 12, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697788/anatomic-histopathologic-and-echocardiographic-features-in-a-dog-with-an-atypical-pulmonary-valve-stenosis-with-a-fibrous-band-of-tissue-and-a-patent-ductus-arteriosus
#17
Hakyoung Yoon, Jaehwan Kim, Sang-Soep Nahm, Kidong Eom
BACKGROUND: Congenital pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus are common congenital heart defects in dogs. However, concurrence of atypical pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus is uncommon. This report describes the anatomic, histopathologic, and echocardiographic features in a dog with concomitant pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus with atypical pulmonary valve dysplasia that included a fibrous band of tissue. CASE PRESENTATION: A 1...
July 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668080/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-canine-brief-pain-inventory-in-a-swedish-sample-of-dogs-with-pain-related-to-osteoarthritis
#18
Ann Essner, Lena Zetterberg, Karin Hellström, Pia Gustås, Hans Högberg, Rita Sjöström
BACKGROUND: To evaluate intervention, implement evidence-based practice and enhance the welfare of dogs with naturally occurring osteoarthritis (OA), access to valid, reliable and clinically relevant outcome measures is crucial for researchers, veterinarians and rehabilitation practitioners. The objectives of the present study were to translate and evaluate psychometric properties, in terms of internal consistency and construct validity, of the owner-reported measure canine brief pain inventory (CBPI) in a Swedish sample of dogs with pain related to OA...
July 1, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662678/risk-factors-associated-with-diarrhea-in-danish-commercial-mink-neovison-vison-during-the-pre-weaning-period
#19
Julie Melsted Birch, Jens Frederik Agger, Christina Dahlin, Vibeke Frøkjær Jensen, Anne Sofie Hammer, Tina Struve, Henrik Elvang Jensen
BACKGROUND: Pre-weaning diarrhea in mink, also known as "sticky kits", is a syndrome and outbreaks occur every year on commercial mink farms in all mink producing countries. Morbidity and mortality can be considerable on a farm with huge economic consequences for the farmer as well as compromised welfare for the mink kits. Although efforts have been taken to identify etiologic agents involved in outbreaks, the syndrome is still regarded as multifactorial and recurring problems on the same farms draw attention to management and environmental risk factors...
June 29, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645306/excretory-secretory-products-of-anisakid-nematodes-biological-and-pathological-roles
#20
REVIEW
Foojan Mehrdana, Kurt Buchmann
Parasites from the family Anisakidae are widely distributed in marine fish populations worldwide and mainly nematodes of the three genera Anisakis, Pseudoterranova and Contracaecum have attracted attention due to their pathogenicity in humans. Their life cycles include invertebrates and fish as intermediate or transport hosts and mammals or birds as final hosts. Human consumption of raw or underprocessed seafood containing third stage larvae of anisakid parasites may elicit a gastrointestinal disease (anisakidosis) and allergic responses...
June 23, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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