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Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica

Julie Melsted Birch, Jens Frederik Agger, Bent Aalbæk, Tina Struve, Anne Sofie Hammer, Henrik Elvang Jensen
BACKGROUND: Pre-weaning diarrhea (PWD) in mink, also known as "sticky kits", is a frequently occurring syndrome in suckling mink kits on commercial mink farms. Outbreaks of PWD result in weakened kits, increased mortality and reduced growth and welfare as well as considerable economic losses for the farmers. The syndrome is regarded as multifactorial with a complex etiology, and studies have focused on associations with environment, management and dam characteristics. The present study was conducted from May to June 2015 and included 70 dams with mink litters with and without PWD...
November 12, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Jan-Niklas Mehl, Matthias Lüpke, Ann-Cathrin Brenner, Peter Dziallas, Patrick Wefstaedt, Hermann Seifert
BACKGROUND: Nephropathies are among the most common diseases in dogs. Regular examination of the kidney function plays an important role for an adequate treatment scheme. The determination of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is seen as the gold standard in assessing the kidney status. Most of the tests have the disadvantage that only the complete glomerular filtration rate of both kidneys can be assessed and not the single kidney glomerular filtration rate. Imaging examination techniques like dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging have the potential to evaluate the single kidney GFR...
November 6, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Hirotaka Tokushige, Atsushi Okano, Daisuke Arima, Hideki Ito, Yoshinori Kambayashi, Yohei Minamijima, Minoru Ohta
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate clinical efficacy of constant rate infusions (CRIs) of medetomidine-propofol combined with sevoflurane anesthesia in Thoroughbred racehorses undergoing arthroscopic surgery. Thirty horses were sedated intravenously (IV) with medetomidine (6.0 μg/kg) and midazolam (0.02 mg/kg) and induced IV with ketamine (1.0 mg/kg) and propofol (1.0 mg/kg). These horses were randomly allocated to three groups and maintained with sevoflurane and CRI of either medetomidine (3...
November 5, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Sigurbjörg Torsteinsdottir, Stephan Scheidegger, Silvia Baselgia, Sigridur Jonsdottir, Vilhjalmur Svansson, Sigridur Björnsdottir, Eliane Marti
BACKGROUND: Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is an IgE-mediated dermatitis caused by bites of Culicoides spp., which occurs frequently in horses imported from Iceland to continental Europe. IBH does not occur in Iceland because Culicoides species that bite horses are not present. However, Simulium vittatum (S. vittatum) are found in Iceland. In Europe, blood basophils from IBH-affected horses release significantly more sulfidoleukotrienes (sLT) than those from healthy controls after in vitro stimulation with Culicoides nubeculosus (C...
November 3, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Anna Śmiech, Brygida Ślaska, Wojciech Łopuszyński, Agnieszka Jasik, Diana Bochyńska, Roman Dąbrowski
BACKGROUND: The degree of differentiation of mast cell tumours (MCTs) is the most important feature and reflects the morphological characteristics and metastatic potential of the tumour and its likely response to treatment and the prognosis. The aim of this study was to epidemiologically analyse the risk of MCT development in dogs according to breed, age, sex, size and anatomical location of the tumour using the Kiupel grading system. The analysis involved 492 dogs selected based on a histopathological assessment of 2763 canine skin tumours...
November 3, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Sofia Nyman, Hans Gustafsson, Britt Berglund
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy loss is a major source of infertility in dairy cows. Despite a fertilization rate after insemination (AI) of approximately 90%, calving rates are 30%-50%, indicating the occurrence of extensive embryonic and foetal losses. The aim of this study was to establish the extent and pattern of embryonic and foetal loss in Swedish Red (SR) and Swedish Holstein (SH) dairy cows, as well as, the relationship to oestrus intensity (OI) and progesterone (P4) concentration. In total, 2130 AIs and 16,176 milk P4 samples from 359 SR and 212 SH dairy cows were included in the study...
October 30, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Chiara Mattei, Martina Fabbi, Kerstin Hansson
BACKGROUND: Emphysematous pyometra is a rare canine disease characterized by gas-forming bacteria infecting the uterus and causing an accumulation of both gas and infectious exudate in the uterine lumen. While radiological features of emphysematous pyometra have been previously described in dogs, the ultrasonographic appearance has not been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 7-year-old intact female Labrador Retriever was presented because of a 1 day history of vomiting, anorexia, mild polyuria/polydipsia and signs of fatigue...
October 29, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Ilona Kaszak, Anna Ruszczak, Szymon Kanafa, Kamil Kacprzak, Magdalena Król, Piotr Jurka
Mammary tumors are the second most common neoplasia in dogs. Due to the high similarity of canine mammary tumors (CMT) to human breast cancers (HBC), human biomarkers of HBC are also detectable in cases of CMT. The evaluation of biomarkers enables clinical diagnoses, treatment options and prognosis for bitches suffering from this disease. The aim of this article is to give a short summary of the biomarkers of CMT based on current literature. Very promising biomarkers are miRNAs, cancer stem cells, and circulating tumor cells, as well as mutations of the breast cancer 1 gene (BRCA1) and breast cancer 2 gene (BRCA2)...
October 29, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Luca Bellini, Anna Perazzi, Barbara Carobbi, Ilaria Iacopetti
BACKGROUND: The trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) is a brainstem reflex that may be observed in anaesthesia during surgical procedures stimulating the intracranial or peripheral portion of the trigeminal nerve. The peripheral TCR is divided into the oculocardiac reflex and the maxillomandibulocardiac reflex based on the affected sensory branches of the trigeminal nerve. In veterinary medicine the oculocardiac reflex has been described, however the maxillomandibulocardiac reflex has never been reported...
October 29, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Ulrich Methner, Sabine Merbach, Martin Peters
BACKGROUND: The swine-adapted serovar Choleraesuis of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica is found rarely in domestic pigs in Germany. However, a considerable and increasing number of S. Choleraesuis organisms have been isolated from wild boars in Germany in recent years. To investigate a possible epidemiological context, S. Choleraesuis strains from a regional German wild boar population and other hosts were characterised by genotyping methods. RESULTS: Macrorestriction analysis, biochemical differentiation and antimicrobial susceptibility typing enabled the identification of several clusters of S...
October 29, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Erika Bianchini, Francesco Mancini, Antonio Di Meo, Anna Stabile, Sandra Buratta, Livia Moscati, Alessandra Pistilli, Claudia Floridi, Marco Pepe, Elisabetta Chiaradia
BACKGROUND: Lidocaine (LD) is one of the most commonly used local anesthetics for performing arthroscopic surgery and managing of osteoarthritic pain in both human and veterinary medicine. However, over the last years, several studies have focused on the chondrotoxic effects of LD. In order to ensure that intra-articular lidocaine is safe to use, treatments aimed at mitigating chondrocyte death have recently been investigated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the possible protective effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) against LD cytotoxicity on canine articular chondrocytes...
October 26, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Alana Jayne Rosenblatt, Anu Katriina Lappalainen, Nina Alice James, Natalie Siu Ling Webster, Charles Grégoire Bénédict Caraguel
BACKGROUND: The Dachshund is a chondrodystrophic breed of dog predisposed to premature degeneration and calcification, and subsequent herniation, of intervertebral discs (IVDs). This condition is heritable in Dachshunds and breeding candidates are screened for radiographically detectable intervertebral disc calcification (RDIDC), a feature of advanced disc degeneration and a prognostic factor for clinical disease. RDIDC scoring has been previously shown to be consistent within scorers; however, strong scorer effect (subjectivity) was also reported...
October 13, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Marie Lisandra Zepeda Mendoza, Michael Roggenbuck, Karla Manzano Vargas, Lars Hestbjerg Hansen, Søren Brunak, M Thomas P Gilbert, Thomas Sicheritz-Pontén
BACKGROUND: Vultures have adapted the remarkable ability to feed on carcasses that may contain microorganisms that would be pathogenic to most other animals. The holobiont concept suggests that the genetic basis of such adaptation may not only lie within their genomes, but additionally in their associated microbes. To explore this, we generated shotgun DNA sequencing datasets of the facial skin and large intestine microbiomes of the black vulture (Coragyps atratus) and the turkey vulture (Cathartes aura)...
October 11, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Joanna Katarzyna Bujak, Rafał Pingwara, Michelle Hase Nelson, Kinga Majchrzak
Cancer immunotherapy is recently considered the most promising treatment for human patients with advanced tumors and could be effectively combined with conventional therapies such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Patients with hematological malignancies and melanoma have benefited greatly from immunotherapies such as, adoptive cell transfer therapy, experiencing durable remissions and prolonged survival. In the face of increasing enthusiasm for immunotherapy, particularly for the administration of tumor-specific T lymphocytes, the question arises whether this method could be employed to improve treatment outcomes for canine patients...
October 11, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Kirsi Johanna Piirainen, Sanna Johanna Viitanen, Anu Katriina Lappalainen, Sari Helena Mölsä
BACKGROUND: Tracheal tumors are rarely diagnosed in veterinary medicine and the majority of tracheal neoplasia reported in adult dogs are malignant. Intratracheal lipoma has not been previously reported in the veterinary literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 7-year-old Briard dog was evaluated for inspiratory dyspnoea and an inspiratory wheeze. Cervical radiographs and tracheoscopic examination revealed an intratracheal mass that was surgically removed. The dog has been asymptomatic after the surgery...
September 27, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Kim Søholt Larsen, Martin Sciuto, Jan Dahl
BACKGROUND: Fleas (Ceratophyllus sciurorum) are common on farmed mink in Denmark. When present, the fleas have a negative impact on the health of the farmed mink and are of nuisance for farm staff. Severe infestations of fleas cause anemia, poor growth and may result in death of mink kits. Changed behavior of the dams is also observed. Further it has been demonstrated that the fleas are vectors of Aleutian disease virus. Flea control is based on use of a few insecticides and resistance has been reported against permethrin...
September 22, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Christina Nathues, Eltje Janssen, Andrea Duengelhoef, Heiko Nathues, Elisabeth Grosse Beilage
BACKGROUND: Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus (PRRSV) stability, besides meeting production targets, is also a requirement for several control options of PRRS in pig breeding farms. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of, and risk factors associated with, PRRSV instability in pig breeding farms in northern Germany. In 120 sow herds, a questionnaire on production and management parameters was filled, and blood samples from 30 suckling pigs from 10 different litters were taken and examined using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
September 19, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Anna Fredrika Boström, Heli Katariina Hyytiäinen, Petteri Koho, Sigitas Cizinauskas, Anna Katrina Hielm-Björkman
BACKGROUND: The Finnish neurological function testing battery for dogs (FINFUN) was developed to meet the increasing demand for objective outcome measures in veterinary physiotherapy. The testing battery should provide consistent, reproducible results and have established face and content validity. Internal consistency and intra- and inter-rater reliability of the FINFUN were also investigated. RESULTS: The FINFUN comprised 11 tasks: lying, standing up from lying, sitting, standing up from sitting, standing, proprioceptive positioning, starting to walk, walking, trotting, walking turns and walking stairs...
September 17, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Lisa Lindström, Felicia Asp Tauni, Karin Vargmar
BACKGROUND: One of the most common post-mortem inspection finding of sheep and lambs in Sweden, following routine slaughter is pneumonia and its prevalence is increasing. To our knowledge, the aetiology of pneumonia in lambs is not well-known for Swedish conditions. Chronic bronchopneumonia, also known as "atypical" or chronic non-progressive pneumonia, is a common disease worldwide, affecting lambs up to 12 months old. It is therefore of interest to elucidate if this disease complex is also a common cause of pneumonia among Swedish lambs...
September 17, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Ueli Braun, Sonja Warislohner, Christian Gerspach, Stefanie Ohlerth, Karl Nuss
BACKGROUND: The treatment of traumatic reticuloperitonitis (TRP) in cattle has a long and impressive history that goes back more than 100 years. This study describes treatment for TRP in 503 cattle. Initial treatment was based on radiographic findings; cattle with a foreign body attached to a magnet were treated conservatively using antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs and intravenous fluids. Cattle with a foreign body lying on the ventral aspect of the reticulum or penetrating or perforating the reticulum received a magnet in addition to medical treatment...
September 17, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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