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Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica

Ritva Kaikkonen, Kati Niinistö, Tiina Lindholm, Marja Raekallio
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of geosediment (further referred as sand) may cause weight loss, diarrhea and acute or recurrent colic in horses. Our aim was to compare the efficacy of three treatment protocols in clearing colonic sand accumulations in clinical patients. This retrospective clinical study consisted of 1097 horses and ponies, which were radiographed for the presence of colonic sand. Horses included to the study (n = 246) were displaying areas of sand in the radiographs of ≥75 cm(2) and were treated medically monitoring the response with radiographs...
October 12, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Adnan Hassan Tahir, Juan Wan, Manoj Kumar Shah, Habibullah Janyaro, Xiao-Jing Li, Ming-Xing Ding
BACKGROUND: Visceral hypersensitivity (VH) is a common condition in many gastrointestinal disorders such as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in human and animals. Most studies often induce Crohn's disease/colitis to investigate VH in small experimental animals. Although farm animals commonly suffer from IBDs, their VH has not been investigated so far. Because goats can suffer from Johne's disease, a naturally occurring Crohn's-like disease, they may be suitable to be used for studying the mechanism underlying VH in common intestinal disorders of large animals...
October 6, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Per Wallgren, Erik Nörregård, Benedicta Molander, Maria Persson, Carl-Johan Ehlorsson
BACKGROUND: Respiratory illness is traditionally regarded as the disease of the growing pig, and has historically mainly been associated to bacterial infections with focus on Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. These bacteria still are of great importance, but continuously increasing herd sizes have complicated the scenario and the influence of secondary invaders may have been increased. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of A. pleuropneumoniae and M...
October 4, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Anna Malmsten, Anne-Marie Dalin
BACKGROUND: Since the re-appearance of wild boars in Sweden in the 1970s, the population has increased. Besides having large litter sizes, puberty at an early age is considered as an important factor contributing to the high reproductive potential of wild boar. Although controversial, supplemental feeding is applied to varying extent throughout the wild boar range in Sweden, and its effect on wild boar reproduction is debated. The aim of this study was to investigate the proportion of post-pubertal female wild boar gilts in a population subjected to supplemental feeding, in relation to age, weight, and season...
September 27, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Ciprian-Andrei Ober, Cosmin Petru Peștean, Lucia Victoria Bel, Marian Taulescu, Cornel Cătoi, Sidonia Bogdan, Joshua Milgram, Guenter Schwarz, Liviu Ioan Oana
BACKGROUND: True vaginal prolapse is a rare condition in dogs and it is occasionally observed in animals with constipation, dystocia, or forced separation during breeding. If a true prolapse occurs, the bladder, the uterine body and/or distal part of the colon, may be present in the prolapse. CASE PRESENTATION: A 2-year-old intact non pregnant Central Asian Shepherd dog in moderate condition, was presented for a true vaginal and rectal prolapse. The prolapses were confirmed by physical examination and ultrasonography...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Tiina Nokireki, Martti Nevalainen, Liisa Sihvonen, Tuija Gadd
BACKGROUND: Oral rabies vaccination of wildlife has effectively reduced the incidence of rabies in wildlife and has led to the elimination of rabies in large areas of Europe. The safety of oral rabies vaccines has been assessed in both target (red fox and raccoon dog) and several non-target species. CASE PRESENTATION: Since 2011, the competent authority in Finland has received a few reports of dogs experiencing adverse reactions that have been assumed to be caused by the consumption of baits containing oral rabies vaccine...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Arunas Stankevicius, Jurate Buitkuviene, Virginija Sutkiene, Ugne Spancerniene, Ina Pampariene, Arnoldas Pautienius, Vaidas Oberauskas, Henrikas Zilinskas, Judita Zymantiene
BACKGROUND: Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is recognized worldwide as an important and economically devastating pathogen in pig production. Although PRRSV is widespread in domestic swine, there is a lack of information regarding PRRSV infection in European wild boars (Sus scrofa). Currently available information does not provide conclusive evidence that wild boars are a reservoir of PRRSV. Nevertheless, wild boars may be likely to become infected by domestic swine through occasional direct or indirect contact...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Marie Margarete Meyerholz, Kirsten Mense, Matthias Linden, Mariam Raliou, Olivier Sandra, Hans-Joachim Schuberth, Martina Hoedemaker, Marion Schmicke
BACKGROUND: Before the onset of fetal thyroid hormone production, the transplacental delivery of maternal thyroid hormones is necessary for embryonic and fetal development. Therefore, the adaptation of maternal thyroid hormone metabolism may be important for pregnancy success and embryo survival. The aims of this study were to determine the thyroid hormone levels during the early peri-implantation period until day 18 and on the day of ovulation, to determine whether pregnancy success is dependent on a "normothyroid status" and to determine whether physiological adaptations in maternal thyroid hormone metabolism occur, which may be necessary to provide sufficient amounts of biologically active T3 to support early pregnancy...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Monika Sikora, Jarosław Król, Marcin Nowak, Tadeusz Stefaniak, Gudmar Aubertsson, Roland Kozdrowski
BACKGROUND: Endometritis is a common problem in a broodmare practice, often leading to infertility. The diagnosis is based on several methods such as cytology, bacteriology and histopathology; however the outcome of these methods may be inconclusive even when used together. The objectives of this study were: (1) to investigate the usefulness of acute phase proteins as an additional diagnostic tool for diagnosis of subclinical endometritis in mares and (2) to evaluate the association between macroscopic changes in uterine flushes and inflammation of the uterus...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Mia Biström, Anna-Maria Moisander-Jylhä, Sirpa Heinikainen, Kirsti Pelkola, Mirja Raunio-Saarnisto
BACKGROUND: An outbreak of sudden death of pregnant farmed mink in Finland occurred during the busiest whelping period in the spring of 2013. The affected farms were all located in western Finland in a rather narrow geographic area, Ostrobothnia. Dead mink from 22 farms were submitted for laboratory diagnostics to the Finnish Food Safety Authority (Evira). The carcasses were necropsied and tissue specimens were prepared for histology. Samples of internal organs and peritoneal fluid were cultured bacteriologically...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Kristiane Barington, Kristine Dich-Jørgensen, Henrik Elvang Jensen
BACKGROUND: Ulcerations in pigs, as in other farm animals, are considered to be painful and therefore hampering the welfare. Farmers are obliged to provide an intervention to protect animals against unnecessary suffering and failure to do so is considered negligence. Moreover, animals with severe open wounds are considered unfit for transportation and so are pigs with ulcerations located on hernias. This paper presents a retrospective study of forensic case files concerning ulcerations in Danish pigs from 2000 to 2014...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Antonello Bufalari, Chiara Maggio, Giulia Moretti, Alberto Crovace, Valentina Stefanetti, Reinhard Konrad Straubinger, Fabrizio Passamonti
BACKGROUND: Candida spp. are dimorphic fungi in the family Cryptococcaceae. Infections with Candida spp. are usually rare conditions in dogs, but immunocompromised patients have a higher risk for developing invasive candidal infections. CASE PRESENTATION: A 5-year-old male Boxer, positive to Leishmania infantum, was referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of the Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, Italy for examination of a non-weight bearing left hind limb lameness of a duration of at least 3 months...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Marjolein Lisette den Toom, Tetyda Paulina Dobak, Els Marion Broens, Chiara Valtolina
BACKGROUND: In dogs with canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME), respiratory signs are uncommon and clinical and radiographic signs of interstitial pneumonia are poorly described. However, in human monocytic ehrlichiosis, respiratory signs are common and signs of interstitial pneumonia are well known. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is classified based on the underlying disease and its treatment is aimed at reducing the clinical signs and, if possible, addressing the primary disease process...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Riccardo Rinnovati, Noemi Romagnoli, Fabio Gentilini, Carlotta Lambertini, Alessandro Spadari
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) commonly refers to blood products which contain a higher platelet (PLT) concentration as compared to normal plasma. Autologous PRP has been shown to be safe and effective in promoting the natural processes of soft tissue healing or reconstruction in humans and horses. Variability in PLT concentration has been observed in practice between PRP preparations from different patients or from the same individual under different conditions. A change in PLT concentration could modify PRP efficacy in routine applications...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Ramona Babosova, Hana Duranova, Radoslav Omelka, Veronika Kovacova, Maria Adamkovicova, Birgit Grosskopf, Marcela Capcarova, Monika Martiniakova
BACKGROUND: Quercetin is one of the best known flavonoids being present in a variety of fruits and vegetables. It has cardioprotective, anticarcinogenic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic properties. Some studies suggest that quercetin has protective effects on bone. However, its influence on qualitative and quantitative histological characteristics of compact bone is still unknown. In our study, 12 clinically healthy five-month-old female rabbits were divided into four groups of three animals each...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Lucia Unger, Nathalie Fouché, Tosso Leeb, Vincent Gerber, Alicja Pacholewska
Circulating miRNAs in body fluids, particularly serum, are promising candidates for future routine biomarker profiling in various pathologic conditions in human and veterinary medicine. However, reliable standardized methods for miRNA extraction from equine serum and fresh or archived whole blood are sorely lacking. We systematically compared various miRNA extraction methods from serum and whole blood after short and long-term storage without addition of RNA stabilizing additives prior to freezing. Time of storage at room temperature prior to freezing did not affect miRNA quality in serum...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Mai Louise Grandsgaard Mikkelsen, Rikard Ambrus, James Edward Miles, Helle Harding Poulsen, Finn Borgbjerg Moltke, Thomas Eriksen
The objective of this review is to evaluate the existing literature with regard to the influence of propofol and remifentanil total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) on cerebral perfusion and oxygenation in healthy pigs. Anaesthesia has influence on cerebral haemodynamics and it is important not only in human but also in veterinary anaesthesia to preserve optimal regulation of cerebral haemodynamics. Propofol and remifentanil are widely used in neuroanaesthesia and are increasingly used in experimental animal studies...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Maria Irene de Nijs, Aryan Vink, Wilhelmina Bergmann, Viktor Szatmári
BACKGROUND: Myxoma is a very rare benign cardiac tumor in dogs. This is the first description of a cardiac myxoma originating from the left ventricular outflow tract, presumably causing sudden death. CASE PRESENTATION: A previously healthy 12-year-old male West Highland white terrier was found dead during its 1-week stay in a kennel. The dog was known to have a cardiac murmur. On necropsy, a pedunculated neoplasia was found attached to the interventricular aspect of the left ventricular outflow tract, resulting in almost complete obstruction of the aorta...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Johanna Åhlgren, Pekka Uimari
BACKGROUND: The Hovawart is a working and companion dog breed of German origin. A few hundred Hovawart dogs are registered annually in Finland. The most common disease with a proposed genetic background in Hovawarts is hypothyroidism. The disease is usually caused by lymphocytic thyroiditis, an autoimmune disorder which destroys the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism can be treated medically with hormone replacement. Its overall incidence could also be reduced through selection, provided that the trait shows an adequate genetic basis...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Tanja Švara, Vasilij Cociancich, Katarina Šest, Mitja Gombač, Tomislav Paller, Jože Starič, Cord Drögemüller
BACKGROUND: Hydrops foetalis is defined as excessive fluid accumulation within the foetal extravascular compartments and body cavities. It has been described in human and veterinary medicine, but despite several descriptive studies its aetiology is still not fully clarified. Pulmonary hypoplasia and anasarca (PHA) syndrome is a rare congenital abnormality in cattle that is characterised by hydrops foetalis including extreme subcutaneous oedema (anasarca) and undeveloped or poorly formed lungs (pulmonary hypoplasia)...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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