journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788991/bilateral-tympanokeratomas-cholesteatomas-with-bilateral-otitis-media-unilateral-otitis-interna-and-acoustic-neuritis-in-a-dog
#1
Liv Østevik, Kathrine Rudlang, Tuva Holt Jahr, Mette Valheim, Bradley Lyndon Njaa
BACKGROUND: An aural cholesteatoma, more appropriately named tympanokeratoma, is an epidermoid cyst of the middle ear described in several species, including dogs, humans and Mongolian gerbils. The cyst lining consists of stratified, keratinizing squamous epithelium with central accumulation of a keratin debris. This case report describes vestibular ganglioneuritis and perineuritis in a dog with chronic otitis, bilateral tympanokeratomas and presumed extension of otic infection to the central nervous system...
May 22, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784055/usefulness-of-c-reactive-protein-and-serum-amyloid-a-in-early-detection-of-postoperative-infectious-complications-to-tibial-plateau-leveling-osteotomy-in-dogs
#2
Karin Löfqvist, Mads Kjelgaard-Hansen, Michelle Brønniche Møller Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Cranial cruciate ligament rupture is a prevalent injury in dogs, and tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) is one of the preferred surgical techniques. Surgical site infection is a possible complication following TPLO and measurement of serum acute phase proteins is suggested to be a way to early recognize and distinguish postoperative infectious complications from normal postoperative inflammatory conditions. In this study we investigate the changes in concentrations of the systemic inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A (SAA) following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) in dogs and evaluate if deviations from the changes expectedly induced by the surgical procedure are useful in early detection of post-surgical infections...
May 21, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751815/changes-in-the-faecal-bile-acid-profile-in-dogs-fed-dry-food-vs-high-content-of-beef-a-pilot-study
#3
Kristin Marie Valand Herstad, Helene Thorsen Rønning, Anne Marie Bakke, Lars Moe, Ellen Skancke
BACKGROUND: Dogs are fed various diets, which also include components of animal origin. In humans, a high-fat/low-fibre diet is associated with higher faecal levels of bile acids, which can influence intestinal health. It is unknown how an animal-based diet high in fat and low in fibre influences the faecal bile acid levels and intestinal health in dogs. This study investigated the effects of high intake of minced beef on the faecal bile acid profile in healthy, adult, client-owned dogs (n = 8) in a 7-week trial...
May 11, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747677/use-of-clinical-and-computed-tomography-findings-to-assess-long-term-unsatisfactory-outcome-after-femoral-head-and-neck-ostectomy-in-four-large-breed-dogs
#4
Ciprian Ober, Cosmin Pestean, Lucia Bel, Marian Taulescu, Joshua Milgram, Adrian Todor, Rodica Ungur, Mirela Leșu, Liviu Oana
Femoral head and neck ostectomy (FHNO) is a salvage surgical procedure intended to eliminate hip joint laxity associated pain in the immature dog, or pain due to secondary osteoarthritis in the mature dog. The outcome of the procedure is associated with the size of the dog but the cause of a generally poorer outcome in larger breeds has not been determined. The objective of this study was to assess the long-term results of FHNO associated with unsatisfactory functional outcome by means of clinical examination and computed tomography (CT) scanning...
May 10, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743097/changes-in-energy-metabolism-and-levels-of-stress-related-hormones-and-electrolytes-in-horses-after-intravenous-administration-of-romifidine-and-the-peripheral-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-antagonist-vatinoxan
#5
Soile Anja Eliisa Pakkanen, Annemarie de Vries, Marja Riitta Raekallio, Anna Kristina Mykkänen, Mari Johanna Palviainen, Satu Marja Sankari, Outi Maritta Vainio
BACKGROUND: Romifidine, an α-2 adrenoceptor agonist, is a widely-used sedative in equine medicine. Besides the desired sedative and analgesic actions, α-2 adrenoceptor agonists have side effects like alterations of plasma concentrations of glucose and certain stress-related hormones and metabolites in various species. Vatinoxan (previously known as MK-467), in turn, is an antagonist of α-2 adrenoceptors. Because vatinoxan does not cross the blood brain barrier in significant amounts, it has only minor effect on sedation induced by α-2 adrenoceptor agonists...
May 9, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716621/pathology-of-natural-francisella-tularensis-subsp-holarctica-infection-in-two-yellow-necked-mice-apodemus-flavicollis
#6
Gete Hestvik, Henrik Uhlhorn, Roland Mattsson, Eva Westergren, Fredrik Södersten, Sara Åkerström, Dolores Gavier-Widén
BACKGROUND: Tularemia is a zoonosis caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. It has a wide host range, which includes mammals, birds and invertebrates. F. tularensis has often been isolated from various species of small rodents, but the pathology in naturally infected wild rodent species has rarely been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we describe the pathology of tularemia in two naturally infected wild yellow-necked mice (Apodemus flavicollis). To visualize F...
May 2, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690886/loss-of-alpha-smooth-muscle-actin-expression-associated-with-chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-in-a-young-miniature-bull-terrier
#7
Gian Enrico Magi, Francesca Mariotti, Sara Berardi, Andrea Piccinini, Cecilia Vullo, Angela Palumbo Piccionello, Giacomo Rossi
BACKGROUND: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare clinical syndrome in veterinary medicine characterized by severe intestinal dysmotility without evidence of mechanical occlusion of the intestinal lumen. The exact pathogenesis of CIPO is unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: A 1-year-old male Miniature Bull Terrier dog was presented with a history of chronic weight loss, regurgitation, lethargy, vomiting and diarrhea. The dog was submitted for exploratory laparotomy...
April 24, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653546/diagnostic-accuracy-of-blood-sucrose-as-a-screening-test-for-equine-gastric-ulcer-syndrome-egus-in-weanling-foals
#8
Michael Hewetson, Monica Venner, Jan Volquardsen, Ben William Sykes, Gayle Davina Hallowell, Ingrid Vervuert, Geoffrey Theodore Fosgate, Riitta-Mari Tulamo
BACKGROUND: Equine gastric ulcer syndrome is an important cause of morbidity in weanling foals. Many foals are asymptomatic, and the development of an inexpensive screening test to ensure an early diagnosis is desirable. The objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of blood sucrose for diagnosis of EGUS in weanling foals. RESULTS: 45 foals were studied 7 days before and 14 days after weaning. The diagnostic accuracy of blood sucrose for diagnosis of gastric lesions (GL); glandular lesions (GDL); squamous lesions (SQL) and clinically significant gastric lesions (CSL) at 45 and 90 min after administration of 1 g/kg of sucrose via nasogastric intubation was assessed using ROC curves and calculating the AUC...
April 13, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650043/experimental-studies-on-effects-of-diet-on-lawsonia-intracellularis-infections-in-fattening-boars-in-a-natural-infection-model
#9
Christian Visscher, Anne Kruse, Saara Sander, Christoph Keller, Jasmin Mischok, Robert Tabeling, Hubert Henne, Ricarda Deitmer, Josef Kamphues
BACKGROUND: Lawsonia intracellularis is one of the most economically important pathogens in swine production. This study tested the hypothesis that the composition of diets for pigs has an impact on the excretion of L. intracellularis in a natural infection model. RESULTS: Fifty boars (~ 90 kg BW) from a SPF-farm with a strict hygiene and management regime for reducing the spread of an L. intracellularis infection up to the beginning of the final fattening period were transported, regrouped and randomly allotted to groups of five animals each at the research facility...
April 12, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650032/biosecurity-and-animal-disease-management-in-organic-and-conventional-swedish-dairy-herds-a-questionnaire-study
#10
Ulf Emanuelson, Karin Sjöström, Nils Fall
BACKGROUND: Good animal health is a notion that is germane to organic dairy production, and it is expected that such herds would pay significant attention on the health of their animals. However, it is not known if the applied animal disease management is actually more adequate in organic dairy cattle herds than in conventional dairy herds. A questionnaire study on biosecurity and animal disease management activities was therefore conducted among Swedish farmers with organic and conventional dairy cattle herds...
April 12, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580272/ejaculated-boar-spermatozoa-displaying-a-rare-multivesicular-defect
#11
Szabolcs Nagy, Tuire Tamminen, Magnus Andersson, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martinez
Two cases of a previously unreported sperm defect appearing in boar studs in Finland are presented. Spermatozoa showed small particles scattered on their surface with a prevalence decreasing with boar age. Semen samples, either stained with eosin-nigrosin or examined with phase contrast optics on formaldehyde-fixed spermatozoa, revealed the presence of multiple particles attached to the surface of spermatozoa counted as dead cells at fixation. Transmission electron microscopy revealed these were multivesicular and multilamellar vesicles, built up by phospholipid membranes...
March 27, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573743/seroprevalence-of-brucella-suis-in-eastern-latvian-wild-boars-sus-scrofa
#12
Lelde Grantina-Ievina, Jelena Avsejenko, Svetlana Cvetkova, Dita Krastina, Madara Streikisa, Zanete Steingolde, Indra Vevere, Ieva Rodze
Brucellosis due to Brucella suis biovar 2 is one of the most important endemic diseases in wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations in Europe. The aim of the present study was to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in wild boars in the eastern part of Latvia. Wild boars killed by hunters in the period from January to April 2015 (n = 877) and from March to April in 2016 (n = 167) were examined for antibodies against B. suis by the Rose Bengal test (RBT), a complement fixation test (CFT), and by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays...
March 24, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573742/systemic-inflammation-in-dogs-with-advanced-stage-heart-failure
#13
Aleksandra Domanjko Petrič, Tajda Lukman, Barbara Verk, Alenka Nemec Svete
BACKGROUND: Although human studies have shown that inflammation plays a role in the development of congestive heart failure, scarce information exists on white blood cell count (WBC) and differential cell counts in various stages of heart failure in man and dogs. A few studies demonstrated increased concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), a major acute-phase protein, in cardiac diseases in dogs. Our research aimed to investigate whether CRP concentration, WBC and neutrophil count (NEUT), as markers of systemic inflammation, are elevated in canine cardiovascular patients...
March 24, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566718/effect-of-a-live-attenuated-vaccine-against-lawsonia-intracellularis-in-weaned-and-finishing-pig-settings-in-finland
#14
Kati Susanna Peiponen, Birger Taneli Tirkkonen, Jouni Juho Tapio Junnila, Mari Leena Heinonen
BACKGROUND: The intracellular bacterium Lawsonia intracellularis is an important pathogen in modern swine production. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a live attenuated L. intracellularis vaccine (Enterisol Ileitis® ) on the health and production parameters of weaned and finishing pigs in a commercial Finnish 850-sow farm with diagnosed L. intracellularis infection. The herd was free from enzootic pneumonia, swine dysentery, progressive atrophic rhinitis, sarcoptic mange and salmonellosis...
March 23, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530095/identification-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-9-activities-within-the-intestinal-mucosa-of-dogs-with-chronic-enteropathies
#15
Mohsen Hanifeh, Minna Marjaana Rajamäki, Pernilla Syrjä, Laura Mäkitalo, Susanne Kilpinen, Thomas Spillmann
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) 2 and 9 are zinc- and calcium-dependent endopeptidases involved in the breakdown and reconstitution of extracellular matrix under both physiological and pathological conditions. Mucosal MMP-2 and -9 activities have been reported to be upregulated in the intestine of humans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and in animal models of IBD. However, their involvement in the pathogenesis of canine chronic enteropathies (CE) is unknown. This study investigated mucosal pro- and active MMP-2 and -9 activities in dogs with CE and healthy dogs using gelatin zymography, and also to determine the association of their activities in dogs with CE with the canine IBD activity index (CIBDAI), histopathologic findings, the clinical outcome, and hypoalbuminemia...
March 12, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530059/monitoring-variables-affecting-positron-emission-tomography-measurements-of-cerebral-blood-flow-in-anaesthetized-pigs
#16
Aage Kristian Olsen Alstrup, Nora Elisabeth Zois, Mette Simonsen, Ole Lajord Munk
BACKGROUND: Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of anaesthetized pig brains is a useful tool in neuroscience. Stable cerebral blood flow (CBF) is essential for PET, since variations can affect the distribution of several radiotracers. However, the effect of physiological factors regulating CBF is unresolved and therefore knowledge of optimal anaesthesia and monitoring of pigs in PET studies is sparse. The aim of this study was therefore to determine if and how physiological variables and the duration of anaesthesia affected CBF as measured by PET using [15 O]-water in isoflurane-N2 O anaesthetized domestic female pigs...
March 12, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530058/molecular-detection-of-anaplasma-bovis-in-holstein-cattle-in-the-republic-of-korea
#17
Jinho Park, Du-Gyeong Han, Ji-Hyoung Ryu, Jeong-Byoung Chae, Joon-Seok Chae, Do-Hyeon Yu, Bae-Keun Park, Hyeon-Cheol Kim, Kyoung-Seong Choi
Anaplasmosis is a tick-borne infectious disease that affects both human and animal health. This study was performed to characterize and investigate the prevalence of infection with Anaplasma bovis in Holstein cattle originating from two regions in the Republic of Korea (ROK). Blood samples (n = 151; 80 from Namwon and 71 from Jeju Island) were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction, and the prevalence of A. bovis infection was compared before and after grazing. In Namwon, A. bovis infection was not detected, while in the Jeju Island, A...
March 12, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490674/caudal-lumbar-spinal-cysts-in-two-french-bulldogs
#18
Kiona Sharon de Nies, Ralph Alexander Edwards, Niklas Bergknut, Martijn Beukers, Björn Petrus Meij
BACKGROUND: Spinal cysts are rare findings in veterinary medicine, but they are increasingly recognized due to the availability of advanced imaging techniques. Extradural meningeal cysts in French Bulldogs have not been reported previously and arachnoid cysts (diverticula) have not been reported at the caudal lumbar (L6-L7) region in dogs. CASE PRESENTATION: Two French Bulldogs, aged 5 and 8 years, were referred for evaluation of lower back pain and bilateral hind limb neurological deficits...
March 1, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471843/prevalence-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-hepatitis-e-virus-in-pigs-wild-boars-roe-deer-red-deer-and-moose-in-lithuania
#19
Ugne Spancerniene, Juozas Grigas, Jurate Buitkuviene, Judita Zymantiene, Vida Juozaitiene, Milda Stankeviciute, Dainius Razukevicius, Dainius Zienius, Arunas Stankevicius
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is one of the major causes of acute viral hepatitis worldwide. In Europe, food-borne zoonotic transmission of HEV genotype 3 has been associated with domestic pigs and wild boar. Controversial data are available on the circulation of the virus in animals that are used for human consumption, and to date, no gold standard has yet been defined for the diagnosis of HEV-associated hepatitis. To investigate the current HEV infection status in Lithuanian pigs and wild ungulates, the presence of viral RNA was analyzed by nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-nPCR) in randomly selected samples, and the viral RNA was subsequently genotyped...
February 23, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467004/orf-virus-infection-in-alaskan-mountain-goats-dall-s-sheep-muskoxen-caribou-and-sitka-black-tailed-deer
#20
Morten Tryland, Kimberlee Beth Beckmen, Kathleen Ann Burek-Huntington, Eva Marie Breines, Joern Klein
BACKGROUND: The zoonotic Orf virus (ORFV; genus Parapoxvirus, Poxviridae family) occurs worldwide and is transmitted between sheep and goats, wildlife and man. Archived tissue samples from 16 Alaskan wildlife cases, representing mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus, n = 8), Dall's sheep (Ovis dalli dalli, n = 3), muskox (Ovibos moschatus, n = 3), Sitka black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis, n = 1) and caribou (Rangifer tarandus granti, n = 1), were analyzed. RESULTS: Clinical signs and pathology were most severe in mountain goats, affecting most mucocutaneous regions, including palpebrae, nares, lips, anus, prepuce or vulva, as well as coronary bands...
February 21, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
journal
journal
23256
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"