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Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774326/questionnaire-survey-of-detrimental-fur-animal-epidemic-necrotic-pyoderma-in-finland
#1
Heli Nordgren, Katariina Vapalahti, Olli Vapalahti, Antti Sukura, Anna-Maija Virtala
BACKGROUND: In 2007, a previously unrecorded disease, fur animal epidemic necrotic pyoderma (FENP), was detected in farmed mink (Neovision vision), foxes (Vulpes lagopus) and Finnraccoons (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in Finland. Symptoms included severe pyoderma with increased mortality, causing both animal welfare problems and economic losses. In 2011, an epidemiologic questionnaire was mailed to all members of the Finnish Fur Breeders' Association to assess the occurrence of FENP from 2009 through the first 6 months of 2011...
August 3, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764735/occurrence-of-cardiorespiratory-diseases-and-impact-on-lifespan-in-swedish-irish-wolfhounds-a-retrospective-questionnaire-based-study
#2
Lovisa Orleifson, Ingrid Ljungvall, Katja Höglund, Jens Häggström
BACKGROUND: According to Swedish animal insurance data, Irish Wolfhounds (IW) are 29 times more likely to die from cardiac causes than the baseline breed. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has a high prevalence in the breed and the disease has been shown to be hereditary in IW. Few studies address respiratory diseases in IW, but reports suggest that the incidence of pneumonia is high. Respiratory diseases are reported as a common cause of death in the breed along with cardiac, neoplastic, musculoskeletal and gastrointestinal diseases...
August 2, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764737/the-reproductive-pattern-and-potential-of-free-ranging-female-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-in-sweden
#3
Anna Malmsten, Gunnar Jansson, Nils Lundeheim, Anne-Marie Dalin
BACKGROUND: The number and spatial distribution of wild boars (Sus scrofa) has increased remarkably in Sweden as well as in other European countries. To understand the population dynamics of the wild boar, knowledge of its reproductive period, oestrus cycle and reproductive success is essential. The aim of this study was therefore to describe the seasonal reproductive pattern and reproductive potential of a wild boar population in Sweden. The study was based on findings from macroscopic examinations of the reproductive organs from 575 hunter-harvested female wild boars (>30 kg body weight)...
August 1, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750636/pathogenic-genotype-of-major-piroplasm-surface-protein-associated-with-anemia-in-theileria-orientalis-infection-in-cattle
#4
Suhee Kim, Do-Hyeon Yu, Jeong-Byoung Chae, Kyoung-Seong Choi, Hyeon-Cheol Kim, Bae-Keun Park, Joon-Seok Chae, Jinho Park
Serious disease outbreaks in cattle caused by Theileria orientalis have emerged in the Asia-Pacific region. Genetic variables of the major piroplasm surface protein (MPSP) expressed on the surface of the piroplasm inside T. orientalis-infected erythrocytes are considered to be associated with variation in the pathogenicity of T. orientalis. Our study describes the clinically relevant MPSP types associated with anemia in Theileria-infected cattle. These results revealed that MPSP expression plays an important role in hematological alterations in Theileria-infected cattle, and that MPSP type 1 is strongly associated with bovine anemia, which can be a potential target for the prevention of bovine theileriosis...
July 27, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743273/erratum-to-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-canine-brief-pain-inventory-in-a-swedish-sample-of-dogs-with-pain-related-to-osteoarthritis
#5
Ann Essner, Lena Zetterberg, Karin Hellström, Pia Gustås, Hans Högberg, Rita Sjöström
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732514/in-vitro-assessment-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-silver-and-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-against-fish-pathogens
#6
Mohamed Ibrahim Shaalan, Magdy Mohamed El-Mahdy, Sarah Theiner, Mansour El-Matbouli, Mona Saleh
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a global issue that threatens public health. The excessive use of antibiotics contributes to this problem as the genes of antibiotic resistance can be transferred between the bacteria in humans, animals and aquatic organisms. Metallic nanoparticles could serve as future substitutes for some conventional antibiotics because of their antimicrobial activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles against major fish pathogens and assess their safety in vitro...
July 21, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716129/current-knowledge-on-feline-injection-site-sarcoma-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Katarzyna Zabielska-Koczywąs, Anna Wojtalewicz, Roman Lechowski
Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISS) are malignant skin tumours of mesenchymal origin, the treatment of which is a challenge for veterinary surgeons. The role of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy in FISS treatment has been studied, and a correlation between "clean" surgical margins and disease-free survival has been shown. In addition, clean surgical margins are one of the most important factors for achieving a low recurrence rate. The most effective method of FISS treatment includes combining radical surgery with pre- or postoperative radiotherapy...
July 17, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716083/influence-of-simethicone-and-fasting-on-the-quality-of-abdominal-ultrasonography-in-new-zealand-white-rabbits
#8
Kassy Gomes da Silva, Carla de Andrade, Cristina Santos Sotomaior
Presence of significant quantities of gas in the intestines may hinder a proper conduction of abdominal ultrasonography. In humans, preparatory techniques are used to solve this, but measures to avoid ultrasonographic complications due to intestinal gas in rabbits have not been reported. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of fasting and simethicone administered orally on the quality of ultrasonographic images of the gallbladder, kidneys, and jejunum in adult New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits...
July 17, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701213/survey-of-interdigital-phlegmon-outbreaks-and-their-risk-factors-in-free-stall-dairy-herds-in-finland
#9
Miia Kontturi, Minna Kujala, Reijo Junni, Erja Malinen, Eija Seuna, Sinikka Pelkonen, Timo Soveri, Heli Simojoki
BACKGROUND: Severe outbreaks of interdigital phlegmon (IP) associated with a high morbidity and major economic losses have occurred in Finland in the past decade. A survey was performed to indicate the current occurrence of infectious hoof diseases and to identify herd level risk factors predisposing to an outbreak of IP. RESULTS: Responses to a questionnaire revealed that an outbreak of IP defined as morbidity ≥5% within the 1st month of the outbreak, had occurred in 18...
July 12, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697788/anatomic-histopathologic-and-echocardiographic-features-in-a-dog-with-an-atypical-pulmonary-valve-stenosis-with-a-fibrous-band-of-tissue-and-a-patent-ductus-arteriosus
#10
Hakyoung Yoon, Jaehwan Kim, Sang-Soep Nahm, Kidong Eom
BACKGROUND: Congenital pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus are common congenital heart defects in dogs. However, concurrence of atypical pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus is uncommon. This report describes the anatomic, histopathologic, and echocardiographic features in a dog with concomitant pulmonary valve stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus with atypical pulmonary valve dysplasia that included a fibrous band of tissue. CASE PRESENTATION: A 1...
July 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668080/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-canine-brief-pain-inventory-in-a-swedish-sample-of-dogs-with-pain-related-to-osteoarthritis
#11
Ann Essner, Lena Zetterberg, Karin Hellström, Pia Gustås, Hans Högberg, Rita Sjöström
BACKGROUND: To evaluate intervention, implement evidence-based practice and enhance the welfare of dogs with naturally occurring osteoarthritis (OA), access to valid, reliable and clinically relevant outcome measures is crucial for researchers, veterinarians and rehabilitation practitioners. The objectives of the present study were to translate and evaluate psychometric properties, in terms of internal consistency and construct validity, of the owner-reported measure canine brief pain inventory (CBPI) in a Swedish sample of dogs with pain related to OA...
July 1, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662678/risk-factors-associated-with-diarrhea-in-danish-commercial-mink-neovison-vison-during-the-pre-weaning-period
#12
Julie Melsted Birch, Jens Frederik Agger, Christina Dahlin, Vibeke Frøkjær Jensen, Anne Sofie Hammer, Tina Struve, Henrik Elvang Jensen
BACKGROUND: Pre-weaning diarrhea in mink, also known as "sticky kits", is a syndrome and outbreaks occur every year on commercial mink farms in all mink producing countries. Morbidity and mortality can be considerable on a farm with huge economic consequences for the farmer as well as compromised welfare for the mink kits. Although efforts have been taken to identify etiologic agents involved in outbreaks, the syndrome is still regarded as multifactorial and recurring problems on the same farms draw attention to management and environmental risk factors...
June 29, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645306/excretory-secretory-products-of-anisakid-nematodes-biological-and-pathological-roles
#13
REVIEW
Foojan Mehrdana, Kurt Buchmann
Parasites from the family Anisakidae are widely distributed in marine fish populations worldwide and mainly nematodes of the three genera Anisakis, Pseudoterranova and Contracaecum have attracted attention due to their pathogenicity in humans. Their life cycles include invertebrates and fish as intermediate or transport hosts and mammals or birds as final hosts. Human consumption of raw or underprocessed seafood containing third stage larvae of anisakid parasites may elicit a gastrointestinal disease (anisakidosis) and allergic responses...
June 23, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619101/in-vitro-production-of-bovine-embryos-derived-from-individual-donors-in-the-corral-%C3%A2-dish
#14
Maaike Catteeuw, Eline Wydooghe, Erik Mullaart, Hiemke M Knijn, Ann Van Soom
BACKGROUND: Since the identity of the embryo is of outmost importance during commercial in vitro embryo production, bovine oocytes and embryos have to be cultured strictly per donor. Due to the rather low yield of oocytes collected after ovum pick-up (OPU) per individual cow, oocyte maturation and embryo culture take place in small groups, which is often associated with inferior embryo development. The objective of this study was to improve embryonic development in small donor groups by using the Corral(®) dish...
June 15, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615028/experimentally-induced-subclinical-mastitis-are-lipopolysaccharide-and-lipoteichoic-acid-eliciting-similar-pain-responses
#15
Annalisa Elena Jolanda Giovannini, Bart Henricus Philippus van den Borne, Samantha Kay Wall, Olga Wellnitz, Rupert Max Bruckmaier, Claudia Spadavecchia
BACKGROUND: Pain accompanying mastitis has gained attention recently as a relevant welfare compromising aspect of disease. Adequate pain recognition and therapy are necessary in the context of a modern and ethically acceptable dairy care. For research purposes mastitis is often induced by intramammary infusion of immunogenic bacterial cell wall components. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli and lipoteichoic acid (LTA) from Staphylococcus aureus are commonly administered to this end...
June 14, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610632/erratum-to-liver-morphometrics-and-metabolic-blood-profile-across-divergent-phenotypes-for-feed-efficiency-in-the-bovine
#16
Yuri Regis Montanholi, Livia Sadocco Haas, Kendall Carl Swanson, Brenda Lynn Coomber, Shigeto Yamashiro, Stephen Paul Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606113/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-computed-tomography-as-tools-for-the-investigation-of-sperm-whale-physeter-macrocephalus-teeth-and-eye
#17
Aage Kristian Olsen Alstrup, Ole Lajord Munk, Trine Hammer Jensen, Lasse Fast Jensen, Abdi Hedayat, Brian Hansen
BACKGROUND: Scanning techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are useful tools in veterinary and human medicine. Here we demonstrate the usefulness of these techniques in the study of the anatomy of wild marine mammals as part of a necropsy. MRI and CT scans of sperm whale teeth (n = 4) were performed. The methods were compared and further compared to current standard methods for evaluation of tooth layering. For MRI a zero echo time sequence was used, as previously done for imaging of intact human teeth...
June 12, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606109/neurophysiological-assessment-of-spinal-cord-injuries-in-dogs-using-somatosensory-and-motor-evoked-potentials
#18
REVIEW
Maria Claudia Campos Mello Inglez de Souza, Ricardo José Rodriguez Ferreira, Geni Cristina Fonseca Patricio, Julia Maria Matera
Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) are non-invasive neurophysiological tests that reflect the functional integrity of sensory and motor pathways. Despite their extensive use and description in human medicine, reports in veterinary medicine are scarce. SSEPs are obtained via peripheral stimulation of sensory or mixed nerves; stimulation induces spinal and cortical responses, which are recorded when sensory pathways integrity is preserved. MEPs can be obtained via transcranial electrical or magnetic stimulation; in this case, thoracic and pelvic limb muscle responses are captured if motor pathways are preserved...
June 12, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569198/determination-of-reference-values-and-frequency-of-occurrence-of-patella-alta-in-german-shepherd-dogs-a-retrospective-study
#19
Anna Łojszczyk-Szczepaniak, Piotr Silmanowicz, Renata Komsta, Zbigniew Osiński
BACKGROUND: Patella alta and patella baja are important conditions underlying a predisposition to many joint diseases, including patellar luxation and patellar chondromalacia of the articular cartilage. The frequencies of patella alta and patella baja have not yet been determined. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of patella alta and to determine reference values to the position of the vertical patella according to two modified techniques of the Insall-Salvati method in a group of 65 German shepherd dogs (115 stifle joints)...
May 31, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569172/results-of-the-schirmer-tear-test-performed-with-open-and-closed-eyes-in-clinically-normal-horses
#20
Alexandra Trbolova, Masoud Selk Ghaffari
BACKGROUND: The Schirmer tear test (STT) is widely used in both human and veterinary ophthalmology. Two types of STTs have been developed: STT I and SST II. The STT I measures the basal and reflex tear production and is the most widely used STT. However, several factors influence the STT results such as the person performing the test and the location of the strip placement within the conjunctival sac. The aim of this study was to measure the basal and reflex tear production (STT I) in clinically normal horses with open versus closed eyes...
May 31, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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