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Acta Psychologica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136517/improving-novel-motor-learning-through-prior-high-contextual-interference-training
#1
T Kim, J Chen, W B Verwey, D L Wright
The primary objective of the present experiment was to examine the influence of recent practice in a random and blocked format for future motor learning. First, individuals practiced three unique discrete sequence production tasks in either a blocked or random schedule. One day later, all individuals practiced a new motor sequence not previously practiced. On day three, mean total time for the test performance of the original three motor sequences was lower for individuals that practiced in a random format...
November 11, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136516/the-order-of-information-processing-alters-economic-gain-loss-framing-effects
#2
Youngbin Kwak, Scott Huettel
Adaptive decision making requires analysis of available information during the process of choice. In many decisions that information is presented visually - which means that variations in visual properties (e.g., salience, complexity) can potentially influence the process of choice. In the current study, we demonstrate that variation in the left-right positioning of risky and safe decision options can influence the canonical gain-loss framing effect. Two experiments were conducted using an economic framing task in which participants chose between gambles and certain outcomes...
November 11, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132067/limited-generalization-with-varied-as-compared-to-specific-practice-in-short-term-motor-learning
#3
Chéla R Willey, Zili Liu
The schema theory of learning predicts that varied training in motor learning should give rise to better transfer than specific training. For example, throwing beanbags during practice to targets 5 and 9ft away should better generalize to targets 7 and 11ft away, as compared to only throwing to a target 7ft away. In this study, we tested this prediction in a throwing task, when the pretest, practice, and posttest were all completed within an hour. Participants in the varied group practiced throwing at 5 and 9ft targets, while participants in the specific group practiced throwing at 7ft only...
November 10, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128511/inducing-circular-vection-with-tactile-stimulation-encircling-the-waist
#4
Angelica M Tinga, Chris Jansen, Maarten J van der Smagt, Tanja C W Nijboer, Jan B F van Erp
In general, moving sensory stimuli (visual and auditory) can induce illusory sensations of self-motion (i.e. vection) in the direction opposite of the sensory stimulation. The aim of the current study was to examine whether tactile stimulation encircling the waist could induce circular vection (around the body's yaw axis) and to examine whether this type of stimulation would influence participants' walking trajectory and balance. We assessed the strength and direction of perceived self-motion while vision was blocked and while either receiving tactile stimulation encircling the waist clockwise or counterclockwise or no tactile stimulation...
November 9, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127776/working-memory-capacity-and-intra-individual-variability-of-proactive-control
#5
Elizabeth A Wiemers, Thomas S Redick
Two datasets of 110 young adults were examined to investigate the relationship between individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) and dynamic cognitive control. The results delve into the specific differences between high- and low-WMC individuals' ability to enact and maintain cognitive control using the AX version of the continuous performance test (AX-CPT). Compared to high-WMC individuals, low-WMC individuals: (a) made more errors, specifically to AX targets; (b) exhibited a partial shift to proactive control with more time-on-task; (c) had more exaggerated slower AX target responses in the tail of the response time distribution; and (d) were equally likely to adjust control after conflict...
November 8, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125961/search-strategies-in-practice-influence-of-information-and-task-constraints
#6
Matheus M Pacheco, Karl M Newell
The practice of a motor task has been conceptualized as a process of search through a perceptual-motor workspace. The present study investigated the influence of information and task constraints on the search strategy as reflected in the sequential relations of the outcome in a discrete movement virtual projectile task. The results showed that the relation between the changes of trial-to-trial movement outcome to performance level was dependent on the landscape of the task dynamics and the influence of inherent variability...
November 7, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108645/the-bidirectional-congruency-effect-of-brightness-valence-metaphoric-association-in-the-stroop-like-and-priming-paradigms
#7
Yanli Huang, Chi-Shing Tse, Jiushu Xie
The conceptual metaphor theory (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980, 1999) postulates a unidirectional metaphoric association between abstract and concrete concepts: sensorimotor experience activated by concrete concepts facilitates the processing of abstract concepts, but not the other way around. However, this unidirectional view has been challenged by studies that reported a bidirectional metaphoric association. In three experiments, we tested the directionality of the brightness-valence metaphoric association, using Stroop-like paradigm, priming paradigm, and Stroop-like paradigm with a go/no-go manipulation...
November 4, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107928/the-influence-of-eye-movements-on-the-development-of-a-movement-sequence-representation-during-observational-and-physical-practice
#8
Matthias Massing, Yannick Blandin, Stefan Panzer
An experiment was conducted to examine the development of a movement sequence representation and the role of eye-movements during observational and physical practice. The task was to reproduce a 1300ms spatial-temporal pattern of a sequence of elbow flexions and extensions. An inter-manual transfer design with a retention and two effector transfer tests (contralateral limb) was used. The mirror transfer test required the same pattern of homologous muscle activation and a sequence of joint angles as experienced during the acquisition phase, and the non-mirror transfer test required the same visual-spatial pattern as performed or observed during acquisition...
November 3, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078981/modulation-of-conflicts-in-the-stroop-effect
#9
Ido Shichel, Joseph Tzelgov
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the unique contribution of task conflict, semantic conflict and response conflict to the Stroop effect and to test how these conflicts are modulated by manipulating the proportion of neutral trials, known to affect the magnitude of the Stroop effect. In the first experiment, we employed the two-to-one paradigm (De Houwer, 2003) while adding neutral illegible stimuli, and in the second experiment, we employed two colors and four word colors. In both experiments, we created four congruency conditions (neutral, congruent and two kind of incongruent conditions-those that include response conflict and those that do not), which allowed decomposing the Stroop effect into three orthogonal conflicts...
October 24, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078098/does-delayed-corrective-feedback-enhance-acquisition-of-correct-information
#10
Nobuyoshi Iwaki, Tomomi Nara, Saeko Tanaka
Many studies concerned with misinformation correction during learning report that delayed corrective feedback is superior to immediate feedback. However, the mechanism for this effect has not been confirmed. The interference-perseveration theory predicts that immediate feedback following participants' wrong responses elicits proactive interference that deteriorates acquisition of feedback information. In contrast, delayed feedback following errors leads to participants' forgetting these errors during the delay period; consequently, in the latter, interference should decline leading to superior acquisition of corrective information...
October 24, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054044/metacognitive-deficits-in-categorization-tasks-in-a-population-with-impaired-inner-speech
#11
Peter Langland-Hassan, Christopher Gauker, Michael J Richardson, Aimee Dietz, Frank R Faries
This study examines the relation of language use to a person's ability to perform categorization tasks and to assess their own abilities in those categorization tasks. A silent rhyming task was used to confirm that a group of people with post-stroke aphasia (PWA) had corresponding covert language production (or "inner speech") impairments. The performance of the PWA was then compared to that of age- and education-matched healthy controls on three kinds of categorization tasks and on metacognitive self-assessments of their performance on those tasks...
October 17, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049936/memorable-objects-are-more-susceptible-to-forgetting-evidence-for-the-inhibitory-account-of-retrieval-induced-forgetting
#12
I Reppa, K E Williams, E R Worth, W J Greville, J Saunders
Retrieval of target information can cause forgetting for related, but non-retrieved, information - retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF). The aim of the current studies was to examine a key prediction of the inhibitory account of RIF - interference dependence - whereby 'strong' non-retrieved items are more likely to interfere during retrieval and therefore, are more susceptible to RIF. Using visual objects allowed us to examine and contrast one index of item strength -object typicality, that is, how typical of its category an object is...
October 16, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045888/to-plan-or-not-to-plan-does-planning-for-production-remove-facilitation-from-associative-priming
#13
Suzanne R Jongman, Antje S Meyer
Theories of conversation propose that in order to have smooth transitions from one turn to the next, speakers already plan their response while listening to their interlocutor. Moreover, it has been argued that speakers align their linguistic representations (i.e. prime each other), thereby reducing the processing costs associated with concurrent listening and speaking. In two experiments, we assessed how identity and associative priming from spoken words onto picture naming were affected by a concurrent speech planning task...
October 15, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040934/calibration-to-tool-use-during-visually-guided-reaching
#14
Brian Day, Elham Ebrahimi, Leah S Hartman, Christopher C Pagano, Sabarish V Babu
In studying human perception and performance researchers must understand how the body schema is modified to accurately represent one's capabilities when tools are used, as humans use tools that alter their capabilities frequently. The present work tested the idea that calibration is responsible for modifying an embodied action schema during tool use. We investigated calibration in the context of manual activity in near space through a behavioral measure. Participants made blind reaches to various visual distances in pre- and post-test phases using a short tool that did not extend their reach...
October 14, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033028/the-implications-and-applications-of-learning-via-instructions
#15
EDITORIAL
Baptist Liefooghe, Senne Braem, Nachshon Meiran
Whereas psychology knows a long tradition of studies that focused on the role of practice and training in acquiring new skills or knowledge, systematic studies into learning via instructions remain relatively scarce. This is surprising given the tremendous influence instructions have on human behavior and cognition. In recent years, however, a (re)new(ed) interest into learning via instructions resulted in new paradigms and findings that can inspire future research in this understudied domain. We offer a brief overview of the articles in this special issue, which present some of the latest empirical developments dedicated to unraveling the implications and applications of learning via instructions...
October 12, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028518/absence-of-distracting-information-explains-the-redundant-signals-effect-for-a-centrally-presented-categorization-task
#16
Ada D Mishler, Mark B Neider
The redundant signals effect, a speed-up in response times with multiple targets compared to a single target in one display, is well-documented, with some evidence suggesting that it can occur even in conceptual processing when targets are presented bilaterally. The current study was designed to determine whether or not category-based redundant signals can speed up processing even without bilateral presentation. Toward that end, participants performed a go/no-go visual task in which they responded only to members of the target category (i...
October 10, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025685/generalization-of-learned-pain-modulation-depends-on-explicit-learning
#17
Leonie Koban, Daniel Kusko, Tor D Wager
The experience of pain is strongly influenced by contextual and socio-affective factors, including learning from previous experiences. Pain is typically perceived as more intense when preceded by a conditioned cue (CSHIGH) that has previously been associated with higher pain intensities, compared to cues associated with lower intensities (CSLOW). In three studies (total N=134), we tested whether this learned pain modulation generalizes to perceptually similar cues (Studies 1 and 2) and conceptually similar cues (Study 3)...
October 9, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024843/multisensory-integration-and-adhd-like-traits-evidence-for-an-abnormal-temporal-integration-window-in-adhd
#18
Maria Panagiotidi, Paul G Overton, Tom Stafford
Abnormalities in multimodal processing have been found in many developmental disorders such as autism and dyslexia. However, surprisingly little empirical work has been conducted to test the integrity of multisensory integration in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The main aim of the present study was to examine links between symptoms of ADHD (as measured using a self-report scale in a healthy adult population) and the temporal aspects of multisensory processing. More specifically, a Simultaneity Judgement (SJ) and a Temporal Order Judgement (TOJ) task were used in participants with low and high levels of ADHD-like traits to measure the temporal integration window and Just-Noticeable Difference (JND) (respectively) between the timing of an auditory beep and a visual pattern presented over a broad range of stimulus onset asynchronies...
October 9, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017072/more-than-a-feeling-the-bidirectional-convergence-of-semantic-visual-object-and-somatosensory-processing
#19
Chelsea Ekstrand, Josh Neudorf, Eric Lorentz, Layla Gould, Marla Mickleborough, Ron Borowsky
Prevalent theories of semantic processing assert that the sensorimotor system plays a functional role in the semantic processing of manipulable objects. While motor execution has been shown to impact object processing, involvement of the somatosensory system has remained relatively unexplored. Therefore, we developed two novel priming paradigms. In Experiment 1, participants received a vibratory hand prime (on half the trials) prior to viewing a picture of either an object interacted primarily with the hand (e...
October 7, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889903/instructed-fear-stimuli-bias-visual-attention
#20
Berre Deltomme, Gaetan Mertens, Helen Tibboel, Senne Braem
We investigated whether stimuli merely instructed to be fear-relevant can bias visual attention, even when the fear relation was never experienced before. Participants performed a dot-probe task with pictures of naturally fear-relevant (snake or spider) or -irrelevant (bird or butterfly) stimuli. Instructions indicated that two pictures (one naturally fear-relevant and one fear-irrelevant) could be followed by an electrical stimulation (i.e., instructed fear). In reality, no stimulation was administered. During the task, two pictures were presented on each side of the screen, after which participants had to determine as fast as possible on which side a black dot appeared...
September 7, 2017: Acta Psychologica
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