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Acta Psychologica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063944/strategies-for-stimulus-selective-stopping-in-the-elderly
#1
Shulan Hsieh, Yu-Chi Lin
This study consisted of two primary aims: (1) to determine if different age groups exhibited different strategies (based on their behavioral reaction time [RT] patterns) while performing a stop-signal task and (2) whether there were age-related differences in reactive and/or proactive control processes. Twenty-four younger adults (20-30years) and 24 older adults (61-76years) participated in this study. Participants performed a stop-signal task, which included a choice RT block, global stop-signal block, and stimulus-selective stop-signal block...
January 5, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061943/the-effects-of-awareness-and-secondary-task-demands-on-stroop-performance-in-the-pre-cued-lists-paradigm
#2
Julie M Bugg, Nathaniel T Diede
Prior research has demonstrated that explicit pre-cues informing participants of the proportion congruence of an upcoming list of Stroop trials affect performance in mostly congruent lists but not mostly incongruent lists. This pattern suggests a limited role for expectations in influencing Stroop performance. An alternative explanation, however, is that the effects of pre-cues may be masked by a bleed-over of awareness (of the proportion congruence manipulation) from cued to uncued lists given use of a within-subjects manipulation of cueing in prior research...
January 4, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040645/passage-of-time-judgments-in-everyday-life-are-not-related-to-duration-judgments-except-for-long-durations-of-several-minutes
#3
Sylvie Droit-Volet, Panos Trahanias, Michail Maniadakis
This study investigated relations between judgments of passage of time and judgments of long durations in everyday life with an experience sampling method. Several times per day, the participants received an alert via mobile phone. On each alert, at the same time as reporting their experience of the passage of time, the participants also estimated durations, between 3 and 33s in Experiment 1, and between 2 and 8min in Experiment 2. The participants' affective states and the difficulty and attentional demands of their current activity were also assessed...
December 29, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039795/visuomotor-adaptability-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-decline
#4
Jeffrey Schaffert, Chi-Mei Lee, Rebecca Neill, Jin Bo
The current study examined the augmentation of error feedback on visuomotor adaptability in older adults with varying degrees of cognitive decline (assessed by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment; MoCA). Twenty-three participants performed a center-out computerized visuomotor adaptation task when the visual feedback of their hand movement error was presented in a regular (ratio=1:1) or enhanced (ratio=1:2) error feedback schedule. Results showed that older adults with lower scores on the MoCA had less adaptability than those with higher MoCA scores during the regular feedback schedule...
December 28, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039794/the-costs-or-benefits-associated-with-attended-objects-do-little-to-influence-inattentional-blindness
#5
Cary R Stothart, Timothy J Wright, Daniel J Simons, Walter R Boot
We sometimes fail to notice unexpected objects or events when our attention is directed elsewhere, a phenomenon called inattentional blindness. We explored whether unexpected objects that shared the color of consequential objects would be noticed more often. In three pre-registered experiments, participants played a custom video game in which they avoided both low- and high-cost missiles (Experiment 1 and 2) or tried to hit rewarding missiles while avoiding costly ones (Experiment 3). After participants had played the game for about 8min, an unexpected object moved across the screen...
December 28, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024255/dual-route-imitation-in-preschool-children
#6
Linda Sebastianutto, Paola Mengotti, Caterina Spiezio, Raffaella Ida Rumiati, Evan Balaban
Imitation can be realized via two different routes: a direct route that translates visual input into motor output when gestures are meaningless or unknown, and a semantic route for known/meaningful gestures. Young infants show imitative behaviours compatible with the direct route, but little is known about the development of the semantic route, studied here for the first time. The present study examined preschool children (3-5years of age) imitating gestures that could be transitive or intransitive, and meaningful or meaningless...
December 23, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024254/relation-between-temporal-perception-and-inhibitory-control-in-the-go-no-go-task
#7
Scott W Brown, Sara T Perreault
This research was designed to replicate and extend findings concerning bidirectional interference between concurrent timing and inhibition tasks reported previously. Subjects performed serial temporal production and Go/No-Go (GNG) tasks under single-task and dual-task conditions in two experiments. The degree of inhibitory control required in the GNG tasks was manipulated by varying the proportion of go and no-go stimuli (experiment 1) and by instructing subjects to devote different amounts of attention to the dual tasks (experiment 2)...
December 23, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024253/language-use-statistics-and-prototypical-grapheme-colours-predict-synaesthetes-and-non-synaesthetes-word-colour-associations
#8
Stephanie C Goodhew, Evan Kidd
Synaesthesia is the neuropsychological phenomenon in which individuals experience unusual sensory associations, such as experiencing particular colours in response to particular words. While it was once thought the particular pairings between stimuli were arbitrary and idiosyncratic to particular synaesthetes, there is now growing evidence for a systematic psycholinguistic basis to the associations. Here we sought to assess the explanatory value of quantifiable lexical association measures (via latent semantic analysis; LSA) in the pairings observed between words and colours in synaesthesia...
December 23, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013039/gaze-leading-is-associated-with-liking
#9
Ouriel Grynszpan, Jean-Claude Martin, Philippe Fossati
Gaze plays a pivotal role in human communication, especially for coordinating attention. The ability to guide the gaze orientation of others forms the backbone of joint attention. Recent research has raised the possibility that gaze following behaviors could induce liking. The present study seeks to investigate this hypothesis. We designed two physically different human avatars that could follow the gaze of users via eye-tracking technology. In a preliminary experiment, 20 participants assessed the baseline appeal of the two avatars and confirmed that the avatars differed in this respect...
December 22, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012434/fixations-to-the-eyes-aids-in-facial-encoding-covertly-attending-to-the-eyes-does-not
#10
Kaitlin E W Laidlaw, Alan Kingstone
When looking at images of faces, people will often focus their fixations on the eyes. It has previously been demonstrated that the eyes convey important information that may improve later facial recognition. Whether this advantage requires that the eyes be fixated, or merely attended to covertly (i.e. while looking elsewhere), is unclear from previous work. While attending to the eyes covertly without fixating them may be sufficient, the act of using overt attention to fixate the eyes may improve the processing of important details used for later recognition...
December 21, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002721/perceptual-similarity-in-visual-search-for-multiple-targets
#11
Elena S Gorbunova
Visual search for multiple targets can cause errors called subsequent search misses (SSM) - a decrease in accuracy at detecting a second target after a first target has been found. One of the possible explanations of SSM errors is perceptual set. After the first target has been found, the subjects become biased to find perceptually similar targets, therefore they are more likely to find perceptually similar targets and less likely to find the targets that are perceptually dissimilar. This study investigated the role of perceptual similarity in SSM errors...
December 18, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992760/the-antecedents-and-consequences-of-a-beyond-choice-view-of-decision-situations-a-construal-level-theory-perspective
#12
Vered Halamish, Leah Borovoi, Nira Liberman
Evaluating alternatives and comparing them to each other are integral to decision-making. In addition, however, decision makers may adopt a view that goes beyond choice and make inferences about the entire set of alternatives, about the dimensions that are relevant in similar decisions, and about the range of values on a specific dimension. We examined some antecedents and consequences of adopting a beyond-choice view of decision situations. Based on Construal Level Theory we suggest that a beyond-choice view entails high (vs...
December 16, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992759/enhancing-creativity-proper-body-posture-meets-proper-emotion
#13
Ning Hao, Hua Xue, Huan Yuan, Qing Wang, Mark A Runco
This study tested whether compatibility or incompatibility between body posture and emotion was beneficial for creativity. In Study 1, participants were asked to solve the Alternative Uses Task (AUT) problems when performing open or closed body posture in positive or negative emotional state respectively. The results showed that originality of AUT performance was higher in the compatible conditions (i.e., open-positive and closed-negative) than in the incompatible conditions (i.e., closed-positive and open-negative)...
December 16, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984703/dissociating-models-of-visual-working-memory-by-reaction-time-distribution-analysis
#14
Hyung-Bum Park, Weiwei Zhang, Joo-Seok Hyun
There have been heated debates on whether visual working memory (VWM) represents information in discrete-slots or a reservoir of flexible-resources. However, one key aspect of the models has gone unnoticed, the speed of processing when stored information in memory is assessed for accuracy. The present study evaluated contrasting predictions from the two models regarding the change detection decision times spent on the assessment of stored information by estimating the ex-Gaussian parameters from change detection RT distributions across different set sizes (2, 4, 6, or 8)...
December 13, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978422/the-distinctive-role-of-executive-functions-in-implicit-emotion-regulation
#15
Marco Sperduti, Dominique Makowski, Margherita Arcangeli, Prany Wantzen, Tiziana Zalla, Stéphane Lemaire, Jérôme Dokic, Jérôme Pelletier, Pascale Piolino
Several theoretical models stress the role of executive functions in emotion regulation (ER). However, most of the previous studies on ER employed explicit regulatory strategies that could have engaged executive functions, beyond regulatory processes per se. Recently, there has been renewed interest in implicit forms of ER, believed to be closer to daily-life requirements. While various studies have shown that implicit and explicit ER engage partially overlapping neurocognitive processes, the contribution of different executive functions in implicit ER has not been investigated...
December 12, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978421/judging-arrival-times-of-incoming-traffic-vehicles-is-not-a-prerequisite-for-safely-crossing-an-intersection-differential-effects-of-vehicle-size-and-type-in-passive-judgment-and-active-driving-tasks
#16
Julie Mathieu, Reinoud J Bootsma, Catherine Berthelon, Gilles Montagne
Using a fixed-base driving simulator we compared the effects of the size and type of traffic vehicles (i.e., normal-sized or double-sized cars or motorcycles) approaching an intersection in two different tasks. In the perceptual judgment task, passively moving participants estimated when a traffic vehicle would reach the intersection for actual arrival times (ATs) of 1, 2, or 3s. In line with earlier findings, ATs were generally underestimated, the more so the longer the actual AT. Results revealed that vehicle size affected judgments in particular for the larger actual ATs (2 and 3s), with double-sized vehicles then being judged as arriving earlier than normal-sized vehicles...
December 12, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855828/priming-can-affect-naming-colours-using-the-study-test-procedure-revealing-the-role-of-task-conflict
#17
Dinkar Sharma
The Stroop paradigm has been widely used to study attention whilst its use to explore implicit memory have been mixed. Using the non-colour word Stroop task we tested contrasting predictions from the proactive-control/task-conflict model (Kalanthroff, Avnit, Henik, Davelaar & Usher, 2015) that implicate response conflict and task conflict for the priming effects. Using the study-test procedure 60 native English speakers were tested to determine whether priming effects from words that had previously been studied would cause interference when presented in a colour naming task...
November 14, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974278/a-group-theoretical-model-of-symmetry-cognition
#18
Jiro Hamada, Kaname Amano, Steve T Fukuda, Chigusa Uchiumi, Kohji Fukushi, Peter A van der Helm
We report on two experiments, published originally in Japanese, on judged goodness and simplicity of dot patterns with reflectional and rotational symmetries (with 1-4 reflection axes and repeats, respectively) under free-viewing tasks. We found that (a) both goodness and simplicity increase monotonously with the number of transformations under which a pattern is invariant; (b) stimulus outlines, such as squares and hexagons, affect both goodness and simplicity; and (c) factors such as contrast polarity and collinearity affect simplicity rather than goodness...
October 27, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940026/the-effect-of-cue-content-on-retrieval-from-autobiographical-memory
#19
Tugba Uzer, Norman R Brown
It has long been argued that personal memories are usually generated in an effortful search process in word-cueing studies. However, recent research (Uzer, Lee, & Brown, 2012) shows that direct retrieval of autobiographical memories, in response to word cues, is common. This invites the question of whether direct retrieval phenomenon is generalizable beyond the standard laboratory paradigm. Here we investigated prevalence of direct retrieval of autobiographical memories cued by specific and individuated cues versus generic cues...
January 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940025/priming-biological-motion-changes-extrapersonal-space-categorization
#20
Chiara Fini, Lara Bardi, Nikolaus F Troje, Giorgia Committeri, Marcel Brass
Recent results have shown that the way we categorize space varies as a function of the frame of reference. If the reference frame (RF) is another person vs. an object, the distance is judged as reduced. It has been suggested that such an effect is due to the spontaneous processing of the other's motor potentialities. To investigate the impact of movement representation on space perception, we used biological motion displays as a prime for a spatial categorization task. In Exp. 1, participants were presented with a point-light walker or a scrambled motion, and then judged the location ("Near" or "Far") of a target with a human body or an inanimate object as RF...
January 2017: Acta Psychologica
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