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Acta Psychologica

Timothy J Wright, Nelson A Roque, Walter R Boot, Cary Stothart
Previous theories of inattentional blindness (IB; a phenomenon of observers failing to notice a salient but unexpected event when attention is already occupied) have suggested that an unexpected object reaches conscious awareness when: 1) the location of the unexpected object and attention align, and 2) the unexpected object undergoes sufficient processing. Moreover, it is expected that the same factors that influence the allocation of observers' attention in attention capture studies influence what reaches conscious awareness in IB studies...
July 14, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Diana Vogel, Stefan Scherbaum, Markus Janczyk
Everyday life offers a variety of possible actions, from which we choose one that corresponds to our intended goals. How do these goals and actions interact within the mind? One way to investigate this question is free-choice tasks, where participants freely choose the action they want to perform on any given trial. Such tasks are used in research on voluntary actions and goal-driven behavior, such as ideomotor theory. However, these tasks leave participants with a substantial amount of freedom and allow for different response strategies...
July 12, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Florian Lange, Ahlke Kip, Tabea Klein, Dorothea Müller, Caroline Seer, Bruno Kopp
Cognitive flexibility has been studied in two separate research traditions. Neuropsychologists typically rely on rather complex assessment tools such as the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). In contrast, task-switching paradigms are used in experimental psychology to obtain more specific measures of cognitive flexibility. We aim to contribute to the integration of these research traditions by examining the role of the key factor that differs between the WCST and experimental task-switching paradigms: rule uncertainty...
July 12, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Maria D de la Rosa, Karin M Bausenhart
Previously it has been shown that the concurrent presentation of a sound can improve processing of visual information at higher perceptual levels, for example, in letter identification tasks. Moreover, increasing the duration of the concurrent sounds can enhance performance in low-level tasks as contrast detection, which has been attributed to a sustained visual activation corresponding to the duration of the sound. Yet, the role of sound duration has so far not been investigated in higher-level visual processing...
July 10, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Christian H Poth, Werner X Schneider
Human behavior is guided by visual object recognition. For being recognized, objects compete for limited attentional processing resources. The more objects compete, the lower is performance in recognizing each individual object. Here, we ask whether this competition is confined to eye fixations, periods of relatively stable gaze, or whether it extends from one fixation to the next, across saccadic eye movements. Participants made saccades to a peripheral saccade target. After the saccade, a letter was briefly presented within the saccade target and terminated by a mask...
July 6, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Felipe Munoz-Rubke, Devon Olson, Russell Will, Karin H James
Functional fixedness is a cognitive bias that describes how previous knowledge of a tool's function can negatively impact the use of this tool in novel contexts. As such, functional fixedness disturbs the use of tools during mechanical problem solving. Little is known about whether this bias emerges from different experiences with tools, whether it occurs regardless of problem difficulty, or whether there are protective factors against it. To resolve the first issue, we created five experimental groups: Reading (R), Video (V), Manual (M), No Functional Fixedness (NFF), and No Training (NT)...
July 6, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Michal Ronen, Adi Lifshitz-Ben-Basat, Riki Taitelbaum-Swead, Leah Fostick
Auditory temporal processing (ATP) has been related in the literature to both speech perception as well as reading and phonological awareness. In aging adults, it is known to be related to difficulties in speech perception. In the present study, we aimed to test whether an age-related deficit in ATP would also be accompanied by poor reading and phonological awareness. Thirty-eight aging adults were compared to 55 readers with dyslexia and 42 young normal readers on temporal order judgment (TOJ), speech perception, reading, and phonological awareness tests...
July 5, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Torø Graven, Clea Desebrock
95% of the world's population associate a rounded visual shape with the spoken word 'bouba', and an angular visual shape with the spoken word 'kiki', known as the bouba/kiki-effect. The bouba/kiki-effect occurs irrespective of familiarity with either the shape or word. This study investigated the bouba/kiki-effect when using haptic touch instead of vision, including the role of visual imagery. It also investigated whether the bouba/kiki shape-audio regularities are noticed at all, that is, whether they affect the bouba/kiki-effect itself and/or the recognition of individual bouba/kiki shapes, and finally what mental images they produce...
July 5, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Rebecca K Lawrence, Mark Edwards, Stephanie C Goodhew
Spatial attention is a necessary cognitive process, allowing for the direction of limited capacity resources to varying locations in the visual field for improved visual processing. Thus, understanding how ageing influences these processes is vital. The current study explored the relationship between the spatial spread of attention and healthy ageing using an inhibition of return task to tap visual attention processing. This task allowed us to measure the spatial distribution of inhibition, and thus acted as a marker for attentional spread...
June 29, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Avishai Henik, Julie M Bugg, Liat Goldfarb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Arturo X Pereiro, Byron F Bustamante, María A Cisneros, Onésimo Juncos-Rabadán
OBJECTIVE: Age-related differences in stimulus-response congruency tasks have been attributed to older adults' greater difficulties in handling the irrelevant spatial-dimensional overlap between stimulus and response. However, performance on congruency tasks may also be influenced by the previous trial accuracy (i.e. post-error effect), which may affect young and older adults differently. The main objective of this study was to analyse age-related differences in the post-error effect as a function of congruency...
June 26, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Anastasia Petrakova, Werner Sommer, Martin Junge, Andrea Hildebrandt
Cognitive experimental and neuroscientific research in adults indicates that an important property of face perception is its specificity and reliance on configural processing. In addition, individual differences in face perception between adults cannot be entirely explained through general cognitive functioning and object cognition. Although recent years have witnessed growing interest in the development of face perception through childhood and adolescence, as yet, little is known about individual differences in configural face perception in this period of life, and whether these differences are face-specific...
June 22, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Lynn Huestegge, Aleks Pieczykolan, Markus Janczyk
In dual-task situations, which often involve some form of sequential task processing, features of Task 2 were shown to affect Task 1 performance, a phenomenon termed "backward crosstalk effect" (BCE). Most previous reports of BCEs are based on manipulations of code compatibility between tasks, while there is no clear picture whether and how mere Task 2 response selection difficulty (in the absence of cross-task dimensional code overlap, including effector system overlap) may also affect Task 1 performance...
June 19, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Rixin Tang, Sixuan Ren, James T Enns, Robert L Whitwell
Adaptive motor control is premised on the principle of movement minimization, which in turn is premised on a form of sensorimotor memory. But what is the nature of this memory and under what conditions does it operate? Here, we test the limits of sensorimotor memory in an intermanual context by testing the effect that the action performed by the left hand has on subsequent right hand grasps. Target feature-overlap predicts that sensorimotor memory is engaged when task-relevant sensory features of the target are similar across actions; partial effector-overlap predicts that sensorimotor memory is engaged when there is similarity in the task-relevant effectors used to perform an action; and the action-goal conjunction hypotheses predicts that sensorimotor memories are engaged when the action goal and the action type overlap...
June 19, 2018: Acta Psychologica
N Bruno, G Garofalo, O Daneyko, L Riggio
Perception is relational: object properties are perceived in comparison to the spatiotemporal context rather than absolutely. This principle predicts well known contrast effects: For instance, the same sphere will feel smaller after feeling a larger sphere and larger after feeling a smaller sphere (the Uznadze effect). In a series of experiments, we used a visual version of the Uznadze effect to test whether such contrast effects can be modulated by organizational factors, such as the similarity between the contrasting inducer stimulus and the contrasted induced stimulus...
June 15, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Jérémy Danna, Delphine Massendari, Benjamin Furnari, Stéphanie Ducrot
Two eye-movement experiments were conducted to examine the effects of font type on the recognition of words presented in central vision, using a variable-viewing-position technique. Two main questions were addressed: (1) Is the optimal viewing position (OVP) for word recognition modulated by font type? (2) Is the cursive font more appropriate than the printed font in word recognition in children who exclusively write using a cursive script? In order to disentangle the role of perceptual difficulty associated with the cursive font and the impact of writing habits, we tested French adults (Experiment 1) and second-grade French children, the latter having exclusively learned to write in cursive (Experiment 2)...
June 13, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Teresa Limpo, Rui A Alves
Expert writing involves the interaction among three cognitively demanding processes: planning, translating, and revising. To manage the cognitive load brought on by these processes, writers frequently use strategies. Here, we examined the effects of planning strategies on writing dynamics and final texts. Before writing an argumentative text with the triple-task technique, 63 undergraduates were asked either to elaborate an outline with the argumentative structure embedded (structure-based planning condition), to provide a written list of ideas for the text (list-based planning condition), or to do a non-writing-related filler task (no planning condition)...
June 12, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Michael Pilling, Doug J K Barrett
The ability to perceive a change in a visual object is reduced when that change is presented in competition with other changes which are task-irrelevant. We performed two experiments which investigate the basis of this change interference effect. We tested whether change interference occurs as a consequence of some form of attentional capture, or whether the interference occurs at a stage prior to attentional selection of the task-relevant change. A modified probe-detection task was used to explore this issue...
June 4, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Claudia Menzel, Christoph Redies, Gregor U Hayn-Leichsenring
We studied low-level image properties of face photographs and analyzed whether they change with different emotional expressions displayed by an individual. Differences in image properties were measured in three databases that depicted a total of 167 individuals. Face images were used either in their original form, cut to a standard format or superimposed with a mask. Image properties analyzed were: brightness, redness, yellowness, contrast, spectral slope, overall power and relative power in low, medium and high spatial frequencies...
June 4, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Vivien Lungwitz, Peter Sedlmeier, Marcus Schwarz
Mathematics and mental rotation are classic fields where it has been shown that priming women with their gender identity impedes performance. Whereas past research focused mainly on stereotype threat effects in women in a narrowly defined context, this study broadened the research focus: We primed 264 women and men equally with a male, a neutral, or a female prime before they had to solve a simple dynamic system task. As expected, female-primed women subsequently performed worst of all six groups. Solution rates were almost 14% higher for the women in the male-primed condition...
May 31, 2018: Acta Psychologica
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