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Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741647/the-association-between-season-of-birth-age-at-onset-and-clozapine-use-in-schizophrenia
#1
J S Kim, C M Park, J A Choi, E Park, H J Tchoe, M Choi, J K Suh, Y H Kim, S H Won, Y C Chung, K Y Bae, S K Lee, S C Park, S H Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether the rate of clozapine use, an indicator of refractoriness in schizophrenia, is associated with the season of birth and age at onset in patients with schizophrenia based on nationwide data. METHODS: Patients with schizophrenia (n = 114 749) who received prescriptions for antipsychotic medication between 2008 and 2014 were retrospectively identified from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database. The study population was divided into three groups based on their age at the onset of schizophrenia (early, middle, and late onset)...
July 25, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741646/aggressiveness-in-depression-a-neglected-symptom-possibly-associated-with-bipolarity-and-mixed-features
#2
N Verdolini, G Perugi, L Samalin, A Murru, J Angst, J-M Azorin, C L Bowden, S Mosolov, A H Young, M Barbuti, G Guiso, D Popovic, E Vieta, I Pacchiarotti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate aggressiveness during a major depressive episode (MDE) and its relationship with bipolar disorder (BD) in a post hoc analysis of the BRIDGE-II-MIX study. METHOD: A total of 2811 individuals were enrolled in this multicenter cross-sectional study. MDE patients with (MDE-A, n = 399) and without aggressiveness (MDE-N, n = 2412) were compared through chi-square test or Student's t-test. A stepwise backward logistic regression model was performed...
July 25, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734121/the-impact-of-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-on-cognitive-decline
#3
R Villeneuve, C Blanchard, L Rullier, N Raoux, V Bergua, J-F Dartigues, K Pérès, H Amieva
OBJECTIVES: Based on seemingly contradictory results in the existing literature, the objective of our study was to investigate whether older individuals suffering from chronic psychiatric disorders show a more rapid decline in cognitive performances than their non-psychiatric counterparts, or if the pattern of decline through older age is similar in both groups. METHOD: A total of 820 older adults were selected from the Ageing Multidisciplinary Investigation (AMI) cohort study, which studies health-related issues of people over 65 years old living in rural areas...
July 22, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722128/solar-insolation-in-springtime-influences-age-of-onset-of-bipolar-i-disorder
#4
M Bauer, T Glenn, M Alda, M A Aleksandrovich, O A Andreassen, E Angelopoulos, R Ardau, Y Ayhan, C Baethge, S R Bharathram, R Bauer, B T Baune, C Becerra-Palars, F Bellivier, R H Belmaker, M Berk, Y Bersudsky, Ş Bicakci, H Birabwa-Oketcho, T D Bjella, L Bossini, J Cabrera, E Y W Cheung, M Del Zompo, S Dodd, M Donix, B Etain, A Fagiolini, K N Fountoulakis, M A Frye, A Gonzalez-Pinto, J F Gottlieb, P Grof, H Harima, C Henry, E T Isometsä, S Janno, F Kapczinski, M Kardell, S Khaldi, S Kliwicki, B König, T L Kot, R Krogh, M Kunz, B Lafer, M Landén, E R Larsen, U Lewitzka, R W Licht, C Lopez-Jaramillo, G MacQueen, M Manchia, W Marsh, M Martinez-Cengotitabengoa, I Melle, F Meza-Urzúa, M Yee Ming, S Monteith, G Morken, E Mosca, R Munoz, S V Mythri, F Nacef, R K Nadella, F G Nery, R E Nielsen, C O'Donovan, A Omrani, Y Osher, H Østermark Sørensen, U Ouali, Y Pica Ruiz, M Pilhatsch, M Pinna, F D R da Ponte, D Quiroz, R Ramesar, N Rasgon, M S Reddy, A Reif, P Ritter, J K Rybakowski, K Sagduyu, Â M Scippa, E Severus, C Simhandl, D J Stein, S Strejilevich, M Subramaniam, A H Sulaiman, K Suominen, H Tagata, Y Tatebayashi, L Tondo, C Torrent, A E Vaaler, J Veeh, E Vieta, B Viswanath, M Yoldi-Negrete, M Zetin, Y Zgueb, P C Whybrow
OBJECTIVE: To confirm prior findings that the larger the maximum monthly increase in solar insolation in springtime, the younger the age of onset of bipolar disorder. METHOD: Data were collected from 5536 patients at 50 sites in 32 countries on six continents. Onset occurred at 456 locations in 57 countries. Variables included solar insolation, birth-cohort, family history, polarity of first episode and country physician density. RESULTS: There was a significant, inverse association between the maximum monthly increase in solar insolation at the onset location, and the age of onset...
July 19, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696531/validation-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-using-the-international-trauma-questionnaire
#5
P Hyland, M Shevlin, C R Brewin, M Cloitre, A J Downes, S Jumbe, T Karatzias, J I Bisson, N P Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) has proposed two related trauma diagnoses: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). Using a newly developed, disorder-specific measure of PTSD and CPTSD called the International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ) the current study will (i) assess the factorial validity of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD; (ii) provide the first test of the discriminant validity of these constructs; and (iii) provide the first comparison of ICD-11, and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), PTSD diagnostic rates using disorder-specific measures...
July 11, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669135/changes-over-the-last-15-years-in-the-psychopharmacological-management-of-persons-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
A Martín-Blanco, A Ancochea, J Soler, M Elices, C Carmona, J C Pascual
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pharmacological management of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in Spain from 2001 through 2016, the factors associated with prescriptions, and changes in pharmacotherapy over this time period. METHODS: Retrospective, cross-sectional, observational study conducted in a sample of 457 patients with BPD consecutively admitted to a specialist BPD Program between January 2001 and November 2016. Data on sociodemographic and clinical variables, as well as pharmacological treatment upon the admission to the programme, were used to describe pharmacological prescriptions, the factors associated with these medications, and changes in prescription over the last 15 years...
July 2, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620944/independent-housing-and-support-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
D Richter, H Hoffmann
OBJECTIVE: To systematically explore the outcomes of Independent Housing and Support (IHS) for people with severe mental disorders when compared to other residential settings. METHOD: Systematic review of Randomised and Non-Randomised Controlled Trials of publications that analyse the outcomes of living in independent settings versus institutionalised accommodation. Risk of bias assessment was adapted from the Cochrane Collaboration's ACROBAT-Tool. The analysis was conducted separately for publications with homeless and non-homeless people...
June 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612993/melatonin-as-a-treatment-for-mood-disorders-a-systematic-review
#8
F De Crescenzo, A Lennox, J C Gibson, J H Cordey, S Stockton, P J Cowen, D J Quested
OBJECTIVE: Melatonin has been widely studied in the treatment of sleep disorders and evidence is accumulating on a possible role for melatonin influencing mood. Our aim was to determine the efficacy and acceptability of melatonin for mood disorders. METHOD: We conducted a comprehensive systematic review of randomized clinical trials on patients with mood disorders, comparing melatonin to placebo. RESULTS: Eight clinical trials were included; one study in bipolar, three in unipolar depression and four in seasonal affective disorder...
June 14, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612974/a-life-in-psychiatry-as-i-remember-it
#9
EDITORIAL
A Bertelsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589683/early-detection-and-integrated-care-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-psychotic-disorders-the-access-iii-study
#10
M Lambert, D Schöttle, F Ruppelt, A Rohenkohl, M Sengutta, D Luedecke, L A Nawara, B Galling, A-L Falk, L Wittmann, V Niehaus, G Sarikaya, L Rietschel, C Gagern, M Schulte-Markwort, H-P Unger, S Ott, G Romer, A Daubmann, K Wegscheider, C U Correll, B G Schimmelmann, K Wiedemann, T Bock, J Gallinat, A Karow
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate whether a combined intervention composed of early detection plus integrated care (EDIC) enhances outcomes in patients with early psychosis compared to standard care (SC). METHODS: ACCESS III is a prospective non-randomized historical control design 1-year study examining the efficacy of EDIC (n = 120) vs. SC (n = 105) in patients aged 12-29 years. Primary outcome was the rate of ≥6 months combined symptomatic and functional remission...
June 6, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561934/risk-of-impaired-cognition-after-prenatal-exposure-to-psychotropic-drugs
#11
M A Wibroe, R Mathiasen, A K Pagsberg, P Uldall
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal exposure to psychotropic drugs may affect the trajectories of brain development. In a register study, we investigated whether such exposure is associated with long-term impaired cognitive abilities. METHOD: Individuals born in Denmark in 1995-2008 were included. As proxies for cognitive impairment, requiring special needs education, attending special needs school, diagnoses of neurological/mental disorder, missed final examinations, and low school grade average were used...
May 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561929/adverse-events-of-group-psychotherapy-in-the-in-patient-setting-results-of-a-naturalistic-trial
#12
R Schneibel, G Wilbertz, C Scholz, M Becker, E-L Brakemeier, T Bschor, I Zobel, D Schmoll
OBJECTIVE: Adverse events of psychotherapy have often been neglected in research. In this study, potential adverse events of group psychotherapies in a psychiatric hospital were systematically assessed, explored for predictors and linked to treatment outcome. METHOD: A naturalistic trial was conducted in 180 in-patients attending different group psychotherapies. Adverse events were assessed using three different measures: (i) weekly reporting of unwanted treatment reactions, (ii) mood changes in response to every single group session and (iii) premature group termination...
May 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556900/vitamin-d-and-mental-health-optimizing-in-the-midst-of-the-complexity
#13
LETTER
V Landel, D Wion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556887/comt-val158met-and-mthfr-c677t-moderate-risk-of-schizophrenia-in-response-to-childhood-adversity
#14
J-C Debost, M Debost, J Grove, O Mors, D M Hougaard, A D Børglum, P B Mortensen, L Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Mesolimbic dopamine sensitization has been hypothesized to be a mediating factor of childhood adversity (CA) on schizophrenia risk. Activity of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met increases mesolimbic dopamine signaling and may be further regulated by methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T. This study investigates the three-way interaction between CA, COMT, and MTHFR. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study on individuals born after 1981, linking population-based registers to study the three-way interaction...
May 29, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555716/trajectories-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-dimensions-in-adults
#15
R G Karam, D L Rovaris, V Breda, F A Picon, M M Victor, C A I Salgado, E S Vitola, N R Mota, K L Silva, M Meller, L A Rohde, E H Grevet, C H D Bau
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of available information on the trajectories of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) dimensions during adulthood. This study investigates the course and the predictors of change for each ADHD domain in a clinical sample of adults with ADHD. METHOD: Adults with ADHD (n = 344) were followed up for 7 years, with a final retention rate of 66.0%. Trajectories of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity and their potential predictors were examined...
May 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547881/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-insomnia-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
E J Brevik, A J Lundervold, A Halmøy, M-B Posserud, J T Instanes, B Bjorvatn, J Haavik
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of insomnia in adults with Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its association with clinical subtypes, current ADHD symptoms, and stimulant treatment. METHOD: We obtained diagnostic information, symptom rating scales and treatment history from clinically ascertained adult ADHD patients diagnosed according to DSM-IV criteria (n = 268, mean age 38.1 years) and randomly selected population controls (n = 202, mean age 36...
May 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547796/high-serum-total-cholesterol-is-associated-with-suicide-mortality-in-japanese-women
#17
T Svensson, M Inoue, N Sawada, H Charvat, M Mimura, S Tsugane
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum total cholesterol (TC) and suicide using a large general population cohort with long follow-up times. METHOD: Analyses included 16 341 men and 28 905 women aged 40-69 from the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study followed from 1990 to 2012. TC levels were defined per clinical guidelines: low (<4.66 mmol/l [180 mg/dl]), normal (4.66-5.70 mmol/l [180-220 mg/dl]), and high (≥5.70 mmol/l [220 mg/dl])...
May 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542782/comment-on-anticonvulsants-and-suicide-attempts-in-bipolar-type-i-disorders
#18
LETTER
B de Toffol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542726/the-association-between-psychotic-experiences-and-disability-results-from-the-who-world-mental-health-surveys
#19
F Navarro-Mateu, J Alonso, C C W Lim, S Saha, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, A Al-Hamzawi, L H Andrade, E J Bromet, R Bruffaerts, S Chatterji, L Degenhardt, G de Girolamo, P de Jonge, J Fayyad, S Florescu, O Gureje, J M Haro, C Hu, E G Karam, V Kovess-Masfety, S Lee, M E Medina-Mora, A Ojagbemi, B-E Pennell, M Piazza, J Posada-Villa, K M Scott, J C Stagnaro, M Xavier, K S Kendler, R C Kessler, J J McGrath
OBJECTIVE: While psychotic experiences (PEs) are known to be associated with a range of mental and general medical disorders, little is known about the association between PEs and measures of disability. We aimed to investigate this question using the World Mental Health surveys. METHOD: Lifetime occurrences of six types of PEs were assessed along with 21 mental disorders and 14 general medical conditions. Disability was assessed with a modified version of the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule...
May 25, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542780/baseline-dimensional-psychopathology-and-future-mood-disorder-onset-findings-from-the-dutch-bipolar-offspring-study
#20
E Mesman, W A Nolen, L Keijsers, M H J Hillegers
OBJECTIVE: To identify the early signs of mood disorder development, specifically bipolar disorder (BD), in a population at familial risk for BD. METHOD: The sample included 107 Dutch adolescent bipolar offspring (age 12-21) followed into adulthood (age 22-32). Lifetime DSM-IV axis I diagnoses were examined at baseline, 1-, 5-, and 12- year follow-up. Symptoms were assessed at baseline on a 3-point Likert scale at baseline with the K-SADS-PL and were analyzed using symptom and sum scores...
May 20, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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