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Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512767/duration-of-major-and-minor-depressive-episodes-and-associated-risk-indicators-in-a-psychiatric-epidemiological-cohort-study-of-the-general-population
#1
M Ten Have, B W J H Penninx, M Tuithof, S van Dorsselaer, M Kleinjan, J Spijker, R de Graaf
OBJECTIVE: Hardly any studies exist on the duration of major depressive disorder (MDD) and factors that explain variations in episode duration that lack biases. This limits clinical decision-making and leaves patients wondering when they will recover. METHOD: Data were used from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2, a psychiatric epidemiological cohort study among a nationally representative adult population. Respondents with a newly originated depressive episode were selected: 286 MDD and 107 minor depressive disorder (MinDD) cases...
May 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504853/deriving-icd-11-personality-disorder-domains-from-dsm-5-traits-initial-attempt-to-harmonize-two-diagnostic-systems
#2
B Bach, M Sellbom, M Kongerslev, E Simonsen, R F Krueger, R Mulder
OBJECTIVE: The personality disorder domains proposed for the ICD-11 comprise Negative Affectivity, Detachment, Dissociality, Disinhibition, and Anankastia, which are reasonably concordant with the higher-order trait domains in the Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders. METHOD: We examined (i) whether designated DSM-5 trait facets can be used to describe the proposed ICD-11 trait domains, and (ii) how these ICD-11 trait features are hierarchically organized...
May 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504840/clinical-utility-of-a-short-resting-state-mri-scan-in-differentiating-bipolar-from-unipolar-depression
#3
M Li, T Das, W Deng, Q Wang, Y Li, L Zhao, X Ma, Y Wang, H Yu, X Li, Y Meng, L Palaniyappan, T Li
OBJECTIVE: Depression in bipolar disorder (BipD) requires a therapeutic approach that is from treating unipolar major depressive disorder (UniD), but to date, no reliable methods could separate these two disorders. The aim of this study was to establish the clinical validity and utility of a non-invasive functional MRI-based method to classify BipD from UniD. METHOD: The degree of connectivity (degree centrality or DC) of every small unit (voxel) with every other unit of the brain was estimated in 22 patients with BipD and 22 age, gender, and depressive severity-matched patients with UniD and 22 healthy controls...
May 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502099/international-trends-in-clozapine-use-a-study-in-17-countries
#4
C J Bachmann, L Aagaard, M Bernardo, L Brandt, M Cartabia, A Clavenna, A Coma Fusté, K Furu, K Garuoliené, F Hoffmann, S Hollingworth, K F Huybrechts, L J Kalverdijk, K Kawakami, H Kieler, T Kinoshita, S C López, J E Machado-Alba, M E Machado-Duque, M Mahesri, P S Nishtala, D Piovani, J Reutfors, L K Saastamoinen, I Sato, C C M Schuiling-Veninga, Y-C Shyu, D Siskind, S Skurtveit, H Verdoux, L-J Wang, C Zara Yahni, H Zoëga, D Taylor
OBJECTIVE: There is some evidence that clozapine is significantly underutilised. Also, clozapine use is thought to vary by country, but so far no international study has assessed trends in clozapine prescribing. Therefore, this study aimed to assess clozapine use trends on an international scale, using standardised criteria for data analysis. METHOD: A repeated cross-sectional design was applied to data extracts (2005-2014) from 17 countries worldwide. RESULTS: In 2014, overall clozapine use prevalence was greatest in Finland (189...
May 14, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500643/markers-of-the-innate-immune-system-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-patients-with-severe-depression
#5
LETTER
L Kranaster, C Hoyer, S S Aksay, J M Bumb, N Müller, P Zill, M J Schwarz, A Sartorius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478653/a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-two-two-phase-treatment-strategies-for-in-patients-with-severe-depression
#6
M Vermeiden, A M Kamperman, W J G Hoogendijk, W W van den Broek, T K Birkenhäger
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of two antidepressant treatment strategies in severely depressed in-patients, that is, imipramine vs. venlafaxine, both with subsequent lithium addition in non-responders. METHOD: In-patients (n = 88) with major depressive disorder were randomized to 7-week treatment with imipramine or venlafaxine (phase I). All non-responders (n = 44) received 4-week plasma level-targeted dose lithium addition (phase II). Efficacy was evaluated after 11 weeks of treatment...
May 6, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422271/a-systematic-review-of-left-unilateral-electroconvulsive-therapy
#7
REVIEW
C H Kellner, K G Farber, X R Chen, A Mehrotra, G D N Zipursky
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the published clinical trials, case series, and case reports on left unilateral (LUL) electrode placement for clinical electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). METHOD: PubMed, Ovid Medline, and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles concerning LUL ECT. Number of patients, efficacy, and cognitive outcomes were extracted from the papers that met our inclusion criteria. RESULTS: A total of 52 articles were included in this review, consisting of 33 clinical trials, seven case series, and 12 case reports...
April 19, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422269/wake-and-light-therapy-for-moderate-to-severe-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
M Kragh, K Martiny, P Videbech, D N Møller, C S Wihlborg, T Lindhardt, E R Larsen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of using wake and light therapy as a supplement to standard treatment of hospitalized patients with depression. METHOD: In this randomized, controlled study, 64 patients with moderate-to-severe depression were allocated to standard treatment or to the intervention, which additionally consisted of three wake therapy sessions in one week, 30-min daily light treatment and sleep time stabilization over the entire nine-week study period...
April 19, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419425/how-abnormal-is-binge-eating-18-year-time-trends-in-population-prevalence-and-burden
#9
D Mitchison, S Touyz, D A González-Chica, N Stocks, P Hay
OBJECTIVE: Although findings suggest that binge eating is becoming increasingly normative, the 'clinical significance' of this behaviour at a population level remains uncertain. We aimed to assess the time trends in binge-eating prevalence and burden over 18 years. METHOD: Six cross-sectional face-to-face surveys of the Australian adult population were conducted in 1998, 2005, 2008, 2009, 2014, and 2015 (Ntotal = 15 126). Data were collected on demographics, 3-month prevalence of objective binge eating (OBE), health-related quality of life, days out of role, and distress related to OBE...
April 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383757/prenatal-and-adult-androgen-activities-in-alcohol-dependence
#10
B Lenz, C Mühle, B Braun, C Weinland, P Bouna-Pyrrou, J Behrens, S Kubis, K Mikolaiczik, M-R Muschler, S Saigali, M Sibach, P Tanovska, S E Huber, U Hoppe, A Eichler, H Heinrich, G H Moll, A Engel, T W Goecke, M W Beckmann, P A Fasching, C P Müller, J Kornhuber
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol dependence is more prevalent in men than in women. The evidence for how prenatal and adult androgens influence alcohol dependence is limited. We investigated the effects of prenatal and adult androgen activity on alcohol dependence. Moreover, we studied how the behaviours of pregnant women affect their children's prenatal androgen load. METHOD: We quantified prenatal androgen markers (e.g., second-to-fourth finger length ratio [2D : 4D]) and blood androgens in 200 early-abstinent alcohol-dependent in-patients and 240 controls (2013-2015, including a 12-month follow-up)...
April 6, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374430/variation-in-the-recall-of-socially-rewarding-information-and-depressive-symptom-severity-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
G Lewis, D-Z Kounali, K S Button, L Duffy, N J Wiles, M R Munafò, C J Harmer, G Lewis
OBJECTIVE: To test the association between recall for socially rewarding (positive) and/or socially critical (negative) information and depressive symptoms. METHOD: Cohort study of people who had visited UK primary care in the past year reporting depressive symptoms (N = 558, 69% female). Positive and negative recall was assessed at three time-points, 2 weeks apart, using a computerised task. Depressive symptoms were assessed at four time-points using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
April 4, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369709/a-re-examination-of-antidepressant-treatment-emergent-mania-in-bipolar-disorders-evidence-of-gender-differences
#12
J Scott, C Brichant-Petitjean, B Etain, C Henry, J-P Kahn, J-M Azorin, M Leboyer, F Bellivier
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence and clinical profile of males and females who develop antidepressant treatment-emergent mania (ATEM). METHOD: From an original sample of 754 patients with BD, we identified ATEM+ cases (n = 75) and ATEM- controls (n = 135) that met stringent criteria. We specifically examined the combinations of clinical factors that best classified males and females as ATEM+ cases. RESULTS: Seventy-five individuals were classified as ATEM+; 87% of ATEM events occurred during antidepressant monotherapy...
April 1, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369697/is-it-good-to-share-intergenerational-transmission-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#13
EDITORIAL
N T Fear, S Wessely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369737/insula-and-amygdala-resting-state-functional-connectivity-differentiate-bipolar-from-unipolar-depression
#14
E Ambrosi, D B Arciniegas, A Madan, K N Curtis, M A Patriquin, R E Jorge, G Spalletta, J C Fowler, B C Frueh, R Salas
OBJECTIVE: Distinguishing depressive episodes due to bipolar disorder (BD) or major depressive disorder (MDD) solely on clinical grounds is challenging. We aimed at comparing resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) of regions subserving emotional regulation in similarly depressed BD and MDD. METHOD: We enrolled 76 in-patients (BD, n = 36; MDD, n = 40) and 40 healthy controls (HC). A seed-based approach was used to identify regions showing different rsFC with the insula and the amygdala...
March 28, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332236/the-mortality-rate-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#15
REVIEW
N Tørring, S N Sanghani, G Petrides, C H Kellner, S D Østergaard
OBJECTIVE: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) remains underutilized because of fears of cognitive and medical risks, including the risk of death. In this study, we aimed to assess the mortality rate of ECT by means of a systematic review and pooled analysis. METHOD: The study was conducted in adherence with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline. The ECT-related mortality rate was calculated as the total number of ECT-related deaths reported in the included studies divided by the total number of ECT treatments...
March 23, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332188/mitochondrial-dysfunction-a-link-between-antibiotic-use-and-increased-risk-of-severe-mental-disorders
#16
LETTER
William T Regenold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260264/clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-the-association-between-momentary-stress-affective-and-psychotic-symptoms
#17
Y van der Steen, J Gimpel-Drees, T Lataster, W Viechtbauer, C J P Simons, M Lardinois, T M Michel, B Janssen, A Bechdolf, M Wagner, I Myin-Germeys
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess associations between momentary stress and both affective and psychotic symptoms in everyday life of individuals at clinical high risk (CHR), compared to chronic psychotic patients and healthy controls, in search for evidence of early stress sensitization. It also assessed whether psychotic experiences were experienced as stressful. METHOD: The experience sampling method was used to measure affective and psychotic reactivity to everyday stressful activities, events and social situations in 22 CHR patients, 24 patients with a psychotic disorder and 26 healthy controls...
March 5, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260235/no-cognitive-enhancing-effect-of-glp-1-receptor-agonism-in-antipsychotic-treated-obese-patients-with-schizophrenia
#18
P L Ishøy, B Fagerlund, B V Broberg, N Bak, F K Knop, B Y Glenthøj, B H Ebdrup
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia is associated with profound cognitive and psychosocial impairments. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) are used for diabetes and obesity treatment, and animal studies have indicated cognitive-enhancing effects. In this investigator-initiated, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, we tested non-metabolic effects of exenatide once-weekly (Bydureon™) in obese, antipsychotic-treated patients with schizohrenia spectrum disorder. METHOD: Before and after 3 months of exenatide (N = 20) or placebo (N = 20) treatment, patients were assessed with the following: Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS), Rey-Osterreith complex figure test (REY), Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP) and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)...
March 5, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240781/does-psychotherapy-work-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
E Dragioti, V Karathanos, B Gerdle, E Evangelou
OBJECTIVE: To map and evaluate the evidence across meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of psychotherapies for various outcomes. METHODS: We identified 173 eligible studies, including 247 meta-analyses that synthesized data from 5157 RCTs via a systematic search from inception to December 2016 in the PubMed, PsycINFO and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. We calculated summary effects using random-effects models, and we assessed between-study heterogeneity...
February 27, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474350/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-the-encoding-of-emotional-information
#20
EDITORIAL
K Runions, P Rao, J W Y Wong, F D Zepf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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