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Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043086/anxiolytic-effect-of-warmth-in-anorexia-nervosa
#1
LETTER
M Zandian, E Holmstedt, A Larsson, C Bergh, U Brodin, P Södersten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032331/intergenerational-transmission-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-families
#2
B I O'Toole, M J Burton, A Rothwell, S Outram, M Dadds, S V Catts
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between parental post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and offspring PTSD and its specificity for other disorders in a non-clinical epidemiological cohort of Australian Vietnam veterans, their partners and their sons and daughters. METHOD: Veterans were interviewed twice, in 1992-1994 and 2005-2006; partners were interviewed in 2006-2007, and their offspring in 2012-2014. A total of 125 sons and 168 daughters were interviewed from 197 families, 137 of which also included partners who were the mothers of the children...
December 28, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995627/exposure-to-violence-a-risk-for-suicide-in-youths-and-young-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#3
P Castellví, A Miranda-Mendizábal, O Parés-Badell, J Almenara, I Alonso, M J Blasco, A Cebrià, A Gabilondo, M Gili, C Lagares, J A Piqueras, M Roca, J Rodríguez-Marín, T Rodríguez-Jimenez, V Soto-Sanz, J Alonso
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association and magnitude of the effect of early exposure to different types of interpersonal violence (IPV) with suicide attempt and suicide death in youths and young adults. METHOD: We searched six databases until June 2015. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) assessment of any type of IPV as risk factor of suicide attempt or suicide: (i) child maltreatment [childhood physical, sexual, emotional abuse, neglect], (ii) bullying, (iii) dating violence, and (iv) community violence; (2) population-based case-control or cohort studies; and (3) subjects aged 12-26 years...
December 20, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995622/lower-cognitive-functioning-as-a-predictor-of-weight-gain-in-bipolar-disorder-a-12-month-study
#4
D J Bond, I J Torres, S S Lee, J-M Kozicky, L E Silveira, T Dhanoa, R W Lam, L N Yatham
OBJECTIVE: In cross-sectional studies, elevated body mass index (BMI) is associated with cognitive impairment in bipolar disorder (BD). We investigated the direction of this association by prospectively examining changes in BMI and cognition. METHOD: We measured BMI and performance in six cognitive domains over 12 months in 80 adolescent and young adult BD patients and 46 healthy comparison subjects (HS). Ninety-three percent of patients received pharmacotherapy and 84% were euthymic...
December 20, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988937/negative-symptoms-mediate-the-relationship-between-neurocognition-and-function-in-individuals-at-ultrahigh-risk-for-psychosis
#5
L B Glenthøj, J R M Jepsen, C Hjorthøj, N Bak, T D Kristensen, C Wenneberg, K Krakauer, M Nordentoft, B Fagerlund
OBJECTIVE: Neurocognition is known to impact functioning in individuals at ultrahigh risk (UHR) for psychosis, but studies investigating potential mediators of this relationship are scarce. Building on evidence from schizophrenia spectrum disorders, the study tested whether negative symptoms and social skills act as mediators between neurocognition and functional outcome in UHR individuals. METHODS: Ultrahigh risk participants (N = 84) underwent neurocognitive testing using the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia...
December 18, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987221/active-and-placebo-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-effects-on-external-and-internal-auditory-hallucinations-of-schizophrenia
#6
M-L Paillère-Martinot, A Galinowski, M Plaze, J Andoh, D Bartrés-Faz, F Bellivier, J-P Lefaucheur, D Rivière, T Gallarda, J-L Martinot, E Artiges
OBJECTIVE: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the left temporo-parietal region has been proposed as a treatment for resistant auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH), but which patients are more likely to benefit from rTMS is still unclear. This study sought to assess the effects of rTMS on AVH, with a focus on hallucination phenomenology. METHOD: Twenty-seven patients with schizophrenia and medication-resistant AVH participated to a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, add-on rTMS study...
December 16, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987216/solar-radiation-increases-suicide-rate-after-adjusting-for-other-climate-factors-in-south-korea
#7
Hee-Jung Jee, Chul-Hyun Cho, Yu Jin Lee, Nari Choi, Hyonggin An, Heon-Jeong Lee
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have indicated that suicide rates have significant seasonal variations. There is seasonal discordance between temperature and solar radiation due to the monsoon season in South Korea. We investigated the seasonality of suicide and assessed its association with climate variables in South Korea. METHOD: Suicide rates were obtained from the National Statistical Office of South Korea, and climatic data were obtained from the Korea Meteorological Administration for the period of 1992-2010...
December 16, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987214/targeting-and-transforming-major-depression
#8
G Parker, A Paterson, S McCraw, D Hadzi-Pavlovic
OBJECTIVE: To detail limitations to the construct of 'major depression', argue for repositioning it as a proxy for 'clinical depression' and then operationalize it and its principal constituent depressive subtypes, while preserving the DSM criteria-based format. METHOD: We summarize limitations to major depression being viewed as a diagnostic entity. Data from 391 clinically depressed patients were analysed to identify high-prevalence non-specific depressive symptoms to define 'clinical depression' as well as the features showing specificity to a melancholic depressive subtype...
December 16, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987204/childhood-trauma-and-mixed-episodes-are-associated-with-poor-response-to-lithium-in-bipolar-disorders
#9
B Etain, M Lajnef, C Brichant-Petitjean, P A Geoffroy, C Henry, S Gard, J P Kahn, M Leboyer, A H Young, F Bellivier
OBJECTIVES: Reliable predictors of response to lithium are still lacking in bipolar disorders (BDs). However, childhood trauma has been hypothesized to be associated with poor response to lithium. METHODS: We included 148 patients with BD, euthymic when retrospectively and clinically assessed for response to lithium and childhood trauma using reliable scales. RESULTS: According to the 'Alda scale', the sample consisted in 20.3% of excellent responders, 49...
December 16, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976368/clinical-vs-dsm-diagnosis-of-bipolar-disorder-borderline-personality-disorder-and-their-co-occurrence
#10
A J Bayes, G B Parker
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent and reasons contributing to discrepancies between those receiving a DSM as against a clinical diagnosis of a bipolar disorder (BP) and/or a borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHOD: We interviewed participants previously receiving a BP or BPD diagnosis, studying those who met DSM or clinical criteria for one or both conditions. We compared the numbers of participants allocated to the three diagnostic categories according to rater strategy to calculate concordance rates and determine reasons for discordance...
December 15, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044316/increasing-support-for-association-between-immune-system-and-severe-mental-illness-need-to-find-the-underlying-mechanisms
#11
EDITORIAL
Andreassen Ole A
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925164/brain-volume-change-in-first-episode-psychosis-an-effect-of-antipsychotic-medication-independent-of-bmi-change
#12
K N Jørgensen, R Nesvåg, S Nerland, L Mørch-Johnsen, L T Westlye, E H Lange, U K Haukvik, C B Hartberg, I Melle, O A Andreassen, I Agartz
OBJECTIVE: The effect of antipsychotic medication on brain structure remains unclear. Given the prevalence of weight gain as a side-effect, body mass index (BMI) change could be a confounder. METHOD: Patients with first-episode psychosis (n = 78) and healthy controls (n = 119) underwent two 1.5T MRI scans with a 1-year follow-up interval. siena (fsl 5.0) was used to measure whole-brain volume change. Weight and height were measured at both time points. Antipsychotic medication use at baseline and follow-up was converted into chlorpromazine equivalent dose and averaged...
February 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922183/the-significance-of-sampling-time-in-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-clozapine
#13
M I Jakobsen, J R Larsen, C K Svensson, S S Johansen, K Linnet, J Nielsen, A Fink-Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of clozapine is standardized to 12-h postdose samplings. In clinical settings, sampling time often deviates from this time point, although the importance of the deviation is unknown. To this end, serum concentrations (s-) of clozapine and its metabolite N-desmethyl-clozapine (norclozapine) were measured at 12 ± 1 and 2 h postdose. METHOD: Forty-six patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, and on stable clozapine treatment, were enrolled for hourly, venous blood sampling at 10-14 h postdose...
February 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886370/epigenetic-alterations-of-the-bdnf-gene-in-combat-related-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#14
T Y Kim, S J Kim, H G Chung, J H Choi, S H Kim, J I Kang
OBJECTIVE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a crucial role in modulating resilience and vulnerability to stress. The aim of this study was to investigate whether epigenetic regulation of the BDNF gene is a biomarker of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) development among veterans exposed to combat in the Vietnam War. METHODS: Using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale, combat veterans were grouped into those with (n = 126) and without (n = 122) PTSD...
February 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878807/manic-switches-induced-by-antidepressants-an-umbrella-review-comparing-randomized-controlled-trials-and-observational-studies
#15
N Allain, C Leven, B Falissard, J-S Allain, J-M Batail, E Polard, F Montastruc, D Drapier, F Naudet
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore whether the prevalence of manic switch was underestimated in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) compared to observational studies (OSs). METHOD: Meta-analyses and simple and systematic reviews were identified by two reviewers in a blinded, standardized manner. All relevant references were extracted to include RCTs and OSs that provided data about manic switch prevalence after antidepressant treatment for a major depressive episode...
February 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870529/infections-and-exposure-to-anti-infective-agents-and-the-risk-of-severe-mental-disorders-a-nationwide-study
#16
O Köhler, L Petersen, O Mors, P B Mortensen, R H Yolken, C Gasse, M E Benros
OBJECTIVE: Severe infections are associated with increased risks of mental disorders; however, this is the first large-scale study investigating whether infections treated with anti-infective agents in the primary care setting increase the risks of schizophrenia and affective disorders. METHOD: We identified all individuals born in Denmark 1985-2002 (N = 1 015 447) and studied the association between infections treated with anti-infective agents and the subsequent risk of schizophrenia and affective disorders during 1995-2013...
February 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864830/risk-of-psychiatric-disorders-self-harm-behaviour-and-service-use-associated-with-bariatric-surgery
#17
Z Kovacs, J B Valentin, R E Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate psychiatric outcomes after bariatric surgery, including suicide, self-harm, psychiatric service use and substance misuse. METHOD: Retrospective study on a Danish nationwide register-based cohort of 22 451 patients followed for 1 029 736 person-years. Data were analysed utilizing single- and multi-event Cox regression with non-operated controls with obesity and mirror-image analyses with the operated patient serving as their own controls...
February 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864826/dietary-intervention-in-the-dystopian-world-of-severe-mental-illness-measure-for-measure-then-manage
#18
LETTER
S B Teasdale, P B Ward, K Samaras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858962/a-randomized-trial-of-brief-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-skills-training-in-suicidal-patients-suffering-from-borderline-disorder
#19
Shelley F McMain, Tim Guimond, Ryan Barnhart, Liat Habinski, David L Streiner
OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based therapies for borderline personality disorder (BPD) are lengthy and scarce. Data on brief interventions are limited, and their role in the treatment of BPD is unclear. Our aim was therefore to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of brief dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) skills training as an adjunctive intervention for high suicide risk in patients with BPD. METHOD: Eighty-four out-patients were randomized to 20 weeks of DBT skills (n = 42) or a waitlist (WL; n = 42)...
February 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805260/can-subsyndromal-manifestations-of-major-depression-be-identified-in-children-at-risk
#20
M Uchida, M Fitzgerald, K Lin, N Carrellas, H Woodworth, J Biederman
OBJECTIVE: Children of parents with major depression are at significantly increased risk for developing major depression themselves; however, not all children at genetic risk will develop major depressive disorder (MDD). We investigated the utility of subsyndromal scores on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Anxiety/Depression scale in identifying children at the highest risk for pediatric MDD from among the pool of children of parents with MDD or bipolar disorder. METHOD: The sample was derived from two previously conducted longitudinal case-control family studies of psychiatrically and pediatrically referred youth and their families...
February 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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