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Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620944/independent-housing-and-support-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
D Richter, H Hoffmann
OBJECTIVE: To systematically explore the outcomes of Independent Housing and Support (IHS) for people with severe mental disorders when compared to other residential settings. METHOD: Systematic review of Randomised and Non-Randomised Controlled Trials of publications that analyse the outcomes of living in independent settings versus institutionalised accommodation. Risk of bias assessment was adapted from the Cochrane Collaboration's ACROBAT-Tool. The analysis was conducted separately for publications with homeless and non-homeless people...
June 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612993/melatonin-as-a-treatment-for-mood-disorders-a-systematic-review
#2
F De Crescenzo, A Lennox, J C Gibson, J H Cordey, S Stockton, P J Cowen, D J Quested
OBJECTIVE: Melatonin has been widely studied in the treatment of sleep disorders and evidence is accumulating on a possible role for melatonin influencing mood. Our aim was to determine the efficacy and acceptability of melatonin for mood disorders. METHOD: We conducted a comprehensive systematic review of randomized clinical trials on patients with mood disorders, comparing melatonin to placebo. RESULTS: Eight clinical trials were included; one study in bipolar, three in unipolar depression and four in seasonal affective disorder...
June 14, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612974/a-life-in-psychiatry-as-i-remember-it
#3
EDITORIAL
A Bertelsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589683/early-detection-and-integrated-care-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-psychotic-disorders-the-access-iii-study
#4
M Lambert, D Schöttle, F Ruppelt, A Rohenkohl, M Sengutta, D Luedecke, L A Nawara, B Galling, A-L Falk, L Wittmann, V Niehaus, G Sarikaya, L Rietschel, C Gagern, M Schulte-Markwort, H-P Unger, S Ott, G Romer, A Daubmann, K Wegscheider, C U Correll, B G Schimmelmann, K Wiedemann, T Bock, J Gallinat, A Karow
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate whether a combined intervention composed of early detection plus integrated care (EDIC) enhances outcomes in patients with early psychosis compared to standard care (SC). METHODS: ACCESS III is a prospective non-randomized historical control design 1-year study examining the efficacy of EDIC (n = 120) vs. SC (n = 105) in patients aged 12-29 years. Primary outcome was the rate of ≥6 months combined symptomatic and functional remission...
June 6, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561934/risk-of-impaired-cognition-after-prenatal-exposure-to-psychotropic-drugs
#5
M A Wibroe, R Mathiasen, A K Pagsberg, P Uldall
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal exposure to psychotropic drugs may affect the trajectories of brain development. In a register study, we investigated whether such exposure is associated with long-term impaired cognitive abilities. METHOD: Individuals born in Denmark in 1995-2008 were included. As proxies for cognitive impairment, requiring special needs education, attending special needs school, diagnoses of neurological/mental disorder, missed final examinations, and low school grade average were used...
May 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561929/adverse-events-of-group-psychotherapy-in-the-in-patient-setting-results-of-a-naturalistic-trial
#6
R Schneibel, G Wilbertz, C Scholz, M Becker, E-L Brakemeier, T Bschor, I Zobel, D Schmoll
OBJECTIVE: Adverse events of psychotherapy have often been neglected in research. In this study, potential adverse events of group psychotherapies in a psychiatric hospital were systematically assessed, explored for predictors and linked to treatment outcome. METHOD: A naturalistic trial was conducted in 180 in-patients attending different group psychotherapies. Adverse events were assessed using three different measures: (i) weekly reporting of unwanted treatment reactions, (ii) mood changes in response to every single group session and (iii) premature group termination...
May 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556900/vitamin-d-and-mental-health-optimizing-in-the-midst-of-the-complexity
#7
LETTER
V Landel, D Wion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556887/comt-val158met-and-mthfr-c677t-moderate-risk-of-schizophrenia-in-response-to-childhood-adversity
#8
J-C Debost, M Debost, J Grove, O Mors, D M Hougaard, A D Børglum, P B Mortensen, L Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Mesolimbic dopamine sensitization has been hypothesized to be a mediating factor of childhood adversity (CA) on schizophrenia risk. Activity of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met increases mesolimbic dopamine signaling and may be further regulated by methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T. This study investigates the three-way interaction between CA, COMT, and MTHFR. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study on individuals born after 1981, linking population-based registers to study the three-way interaction...
May 29, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555716/trajectories-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-dimensions-in-adults
#9
R G Karam, D L Rovaris, V Breda, F A Picon, M M Victor, C A I Salgado, E S Vitola, N R Mota, K L Silva, M Meller, L A Rohde, E H Grevet, C H D Bau
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of available information on the trajectories of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) dimensions during adulthood. This study investigates the course and the predictors of change for each ADHD domain in a clinical sample of adults with ADHD. METHOD: Adults with ADHD (n = 344) were followed up for 7 years, with a final retention rate of 66.0%. Trajectories of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity and their potential predictors were examined...
May 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547881/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-insomnia-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
E J Brevik, A J Lundervold, A Halmøy, M-B Posserud, J T Instanes, B Bjorvatn, J Haavik
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of insomnia in adults with Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its association with clinical subtypes, current ADHD symptoms, and stimulant treatment. METHOD: We obtained diagnostic information, symptom rating scales and treatment history from clinically ascertained adult ADHD patients diagnosed according to DSM-IV criteria (n = 268, mean age 38.1 years) and randomly selected population controls (n = 202, mean age 36...
May 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547796/high-serum-total-cholesterol-is-associated-with-suicide-mortality-in-japanese-women
#11
T Svensson, M Inoue, N Sawada, H Charvat, M Mimura, S Tsugane
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum total cholesterol (TC) and suicide using a large general population cohort with long follow-up times. METHOD: Analyses included 16 341 men and 28 905 women aged 40-69 from the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study followed from 1990 to 2012. TC levels were defined per clinical guidelines: low (<4.66 mmol/l [180 mg/dl]), normal (4.66-5.70 mmol/l [180-220 mg/dl]), and high (≥5.70 mmol/l [220 mg/dl])...
May 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542782/comment-on-anticonvulsants-and-suicide-attempts-in-bipolar-type-i-disorders
#12
LETTER
B de Toffol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542726/the-association-between-psychotic-experiences-and-disability-results-from-the-who-world-mental-health-surveys
#13
F Navarro-Mateu, J Alonso, C C W Lim, S Saha, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, A Al-Hamzawi, L H Andrade, E J Bromet, R Bruffaerts, S Chatterji, L Degenhardt, G de Girolamo, P de Jonge, J Fayyad, S Florescu, O Gureje, J M Haro, C Hu, E G Karam, V Kovess-Masfety, S Lee, M E Medina-Mora, A Ojagbemi, B-E Pennell, M Piazza, J Posada-Villa, K M Scott, J C Stagnaro, M Xavier, K S Kendler, R C Kessler, J J McGrath
OBJECTIVE: While psychotic experiences (PEs) are known to be associated with a range of mental and general medical disorders, little is known about the association between PEs and measures of disability. We aimed to investigate this question using the World Mental Health surveys. METHOD: Lifetime occurrences of six types of PEs were assessed along with 21 mental disorders and 14 general medical conditions. Disability was assessed with a modified version of the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule...
May 25, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542780/baseline-dimensional-psychopathology-and-future-mood-disorder-onset-findings-from-the-dutch-bipolar-offspring-study
#14
E Mesman, W A Nolen, L Keijsers, M H J Hillegers
OBJECTIVE: To identify the early signs of mood disorder development, specifically bipolar disorder (BD), in a population at familial risk for BD. METHOD: The sample included 107 Dutch adolescent bipolar offspring (age 12-21) followed into adulthood (age 22-32). Lifetime DSM-IV axis I diagnoses were examined at baseline, 1-, 5-, and 12- year follow-up. Symptoms were assessed at baseline on a 3-point Likert scale at baseline with the K-SADS-PL and were analyzed using symptom and sum scores...
May 20, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542783/risk-of-eating-disorders-in-immigrant-populations
#15
L Mustelin, A M Hedman, L M Thornton, R Kuja-Halkola, A Keski-Rahkonen, E Cantor-Graae, C Almqvist, A Birgegård, P Lichtenstein, P B Mortensen, C B Pedersen, C M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: The risk of certain psychiatric disorders is elevated among immigrants. To date, no population studies on immigrant health have addressed eating disorders. We examined whether risk of eating disorders in first- and second-generation immigrants differs from native-born Danes and Swedes. METHOD: All individuals born 1984-2002 (Danish cohort) and 1989-1999 (Swedish cohort) and residing in the respective country on their 10th birthday were included. They were followed up for the development of eating disorders based on out-patient and in-patient data...
May 19, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512767/duration-of-major-and-minor-depressive-episodes-and-associated-risk-indicators-in-a-psychiatric-epidemiological-cohort-study-of-the-general-population
#16
M Ten Have, B W J H Penninx, M Tuithof, S van Dorsselaer, M Kleinjan, J Spijker, R de Graaf
OBJECTIVE: Hardly any studies exist on the duration of major depressive disorder (MDD) and factors that explain variations in episode duration that lack biases. This limits clinical decision-making and leaves patients wondering when they will recover. METHOD: Data were used from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2, a psychiatric epidemiological cohort study among a nationally representative adult population. Respondents with a newly originated depressive episode were selected: 286 MDD and 107 minor depressive disorder (MinDD) cases...
May 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504853/deriving-icd-11-personality-disorder-domains-from-dsm-5-traits-initial-attempt-to-harmonize-two-diagnostic-systems
#17
B Bach, M Sellbom, M Kongerslev, E Simonsen, R F Krueger, R Mulder
OBJECTIVE: The personality disorder domains proposed for the ICD-11 comprise Negative Affectivity, Detachment, Dissociality, Disinhibition, and Anankastia, which are reasonably concordant with the higher-order trait domains in the Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders. METHOD: We examined (i) whether designated DSM-5 trait facets can be used to describe the proposed ICD-11 trait domains, and (ii) how these ICD-11 trait features are hierarchically organized...
May 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504840/clinical-utility-of-a-short-resting-state-mri-scan-in-differentiating-bipolar-from-unipolar-depression
#18
M Li, T Das, W Deng, Q Wang, Y Li, L Zhao, X Ma, Y Wang, H Yu, X Li, Y Meng, L Palaniyappan, T Li
OBJECTIVE: Depression in bipolar disorder (BipD) requires a therapeutic approach that is from treating unipolar major depressive disorder (UniD), but to date, no reliable methods could separate these two disorders. The aim of this study was to establish the clinical validity and utility of a non-invasive functional MRI-based method to classify BipD from UniD. METHOD: The degree of connectivity (degree centrality or DC) of every small unit (voxel) with every other unit of the brain was estimated in 22 patients with BipD and 22 age, gender, and depressive severity-matched patients with UniD and 22 healthy controls...
May 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502099/international-trends-in-clozapine-use-a-study-in-17-countries
#19
C J Bachmann, L Aagaard, M Bernardo, L Brandt, M Cartabia, A Clavenna, A Coma Fusté, K Furu, K Garuoliené, F Hoffmann, S Hollingworth, K F Huybrechts, L J Kalverdijk, K Kawakami, H Kieler, T Kinoshita, S C López, J E Machado-Alba, M E Machado-Duque, M Mahesri, P S Nishtala, D Piovani, J Reutfors, L K Saastamoinen, I Sato, C C M Schuiling-Veninga, Y-C Shyu, D Siskind, S Skurtveit, H Verdoux, L-J Wang, C Zara Yahni, H Zoëga, D Taylor
OBJECTIVE: There is some evidence that clozapine is significantly underutilised. Also, clozapine use is thought to vary by country, but so far no international study has assessed trends in clozapine prescribing. Therefore, this study aimed to assess clozapine use trends on an international scale, using standardised criteria for data analysis. METHOD: A repeated cross-sectional design was applied to data extracts (2005-2014) from 17 countries worldwide. RESULTS: In 2014, overall clozapine use prevalence was greatest in Finland (189...
May 14, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500643/markers-of-the-innate-immune-system-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-patients-with-severe-depression
#20
LETTER
L Kranaster, C Hoyer, S S Aksay, J M Bumb, N Müller, P Zill, M J Schwarz, A Sartorius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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