journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143980/white-matter-maturation-during-12-months-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#1
K Krakauer, M Nordentoft, B Y Glenthøj, J M Raghava, D Nordholm, L Randers, L B Glenthøj, B H Ebdrup, E Rostrup
OBJECTIVE: The neurodevelopmental hypothesis of psychosis suggests that disrupted white matter (WM) maturation underlies disease onset. In this longitudinal study, we investigated WM connectivity and compared WM changes between individuals at ultra-high-risk for psychosis (UHR) and healthy controls (HCs). METHOD: Thirty UHR individuals and 23 HCs underwent MR diffusion tensor imaging before and after 12 months of non-manualized standard care. Positive and negative symptoms and level of functioning were assessed...
November 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141103/risk-profiles-of-personality-traits-for-suicidality-among-mood-disorder-patients-and-community-controls
#2
M-H Su, H-C Chen, M-L Lu, J Feng, I-M Chen, C-S Wu, S-W Chang, P-H Kuo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between personality traits and suicidal ideation (SI) and attempt (SA) in mood disorder patients and community controls. METHOD: We recruited 365 bipolar, 296 major depressive disorder patients, and 315 community controls to assess their lifetime suicidality. Participants filled out self-reported personality questionnaires to collect data of personality traits, including novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), extraversion (E), and neuroticism (N)...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141101/the-outcomes-of-adolescent-mental-disorders
#3
EDITORIAL
R Borschmann, G C Patton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141100/religiosity-and-psychological-resilience-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#4
Y Mizuno, A Hofer, B Frajo-Apor, F Wartelsteiner, G Kemmler, S Pardeller, T Suzuki, M Mimura, W W Fleischhacker, H Uchida
OBJECTIVE: The impact of religious/spiritual activities on clinical outcomes in patients with serious mental illnesses remains controversial, which was addressed in this international cross-sectional study. METHOD: Three-hundred sixty-nine subjects were recruited from Austria (n = 189) and Japan (n = 180), consisting of 112 outpatients with paranoid schizophrenia, 120 with bipolar I disorder (DSM-IV), and 137 healthy controls. Religiosity was assessed in terms of attendance and importance of religious/spiritual activities, while resilience was assessed using the 25-item Resilience Scale...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114860/suicide-attempt-predicted-by-academic-performance-and-childhood-iq-a-cohort-study-of-26-000-children
#5
A Sörberg Wallin, Z Zeebari, A Lager, D Gunnell, P Allebeck, D Falkstedt
OBJECTIVE: Academic performance in youth, measured by grade point average (GPA), predicts suicide attempt, but the mechanisms are not known. It has been suggested that general intelligence might underlie the association. METHODS: We followed 26 315 Swedish girls and boys in population-representative cohorts, up to maximum 46 years of age, for the first suicide attempt in hospital records. Associations between GPA at age 16, IQ measured in school at age 13 and suicide attempt were investigated in Cox regressions and mediation analyses...
November 8, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090736/response
#6
LETTER
C J Kobylecki, M K Wium-Andersen, S Afzal, B G Nordestgaard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087550/the-antioxidant-uric-acid-and-depression-clinical-evidence-and-biological-hypotheses
#7
LETTER
F Bartoli, M Clerici, C Crocamo, G Carrà
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080396/neurobiological-support-to-the-diagnosis-of-adhd-in-stimulant-na%C3%A3-ve-adults-pattern-recognition-analyses-of-mri-data
#8
T M Chaim-Avancini, J Doshi, M V Zanetti, G Erus, M A Silva, F L S Duran, M Cavallet, M H Serpa, S C Caetano, M R Louza, C Davatzikos, G F Busatto
OBJECTIVE: In adulthood, the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been subject of recent controversy. We searched for a neuroanatomical signature associated with ADHD spectrum symptoms in adults by applying, for the first time, machine learning-based pattern classification methods to structural MRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data obtained from stimulant-naïve adults with childhood-onset ADHD and healthy controls (HC). METHOD: Sixty-seven ADHD patients and 66 HC underwent high-resolution T1-weighted and DTI acquisitions...
October 28, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072781/diagnostic-and-genetic-overlap-of-three-common-mental-disorders-in-structured-interviews-and-health-registries
#9
F A Torvik, E Ystrom, K Gustavson, T H Rosenström, J G Bramness, N Gillespie, S H Aggen, K S Kendler, T Reichborn-Kjennerud
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether diagnostic data from structured interviews, primary care and specialist care registries on major depressive disorder (MDD), anxiety disorders (AD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) identify the same individuals, yield comparable comorbidity estimates and reflect the same genetic influences. METHODS: Registry data from primary and specialist care were available for 11 727 twins and diagnostic interview data for 2271 of these. We used logistic regression analyses and biometric modelling to investigate the overlap between the data sources...
October 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072776/antipsychotic-plasma-levels-in-the-assessment-of-poor-treatment-response-in%C3%A2-schizophrenia
#10
R McCutcheon, K Beck, E D'Ambrosio, J Donocik, C Gobjila, S Jauhar, S Kaar, T Pillinger, T Reis Marques, M Rogdaki, O D Howes
OBJECTIVE: Treatment resistance is a challenge for the management of schizophrenia. It is not always clear whether inadequate response is secondary to medication ineffectiveness, as opposed to medication underexposure due to non-adherence or pharmacokinetic factors. We investigated the prevalence of subtherapeutic antipsychotic plasma levels in patients identified as treatment-resistant by their treating clinician. METHOD: Between January 2012 and April 2017, antipsychotic plasma levels were measured in 99 individuals provisionally diagnosed with treatment-resistant schizophrenia by their treating clinicians, but not prescribed clozapine...
October 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069527/chronobiology-comes-of-age
#11
EDITORIAL
A Wirz-Justice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064084/adverse-cardiac-events-in-out-patients-initiating-clozapine-treatment-a-nationwide-register-based-study
#12
C Rohde, C Polcwiartek, K Kragholm, B H Ebdrup, D Siskind, J Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: Using national Danish registers, we estimated rates of clozapine-associated cardiac adverse events. Rates of undiagnosed myocarditis were estimated by exploring causes of death after clozapine initiation. METHOD: Through nationwide health registers, we identified all out-patients initiating antipsychotic treatment (January 1, 1996-January 1, 2015). Rates of clozapine-associated myocarditis and pericarditis within 2 months from clozapine initiation and rates of cardiomyopathy within 1-2 years from clozapine initiation were compared to rates for other antipsychotics...
October 24, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055970/low-estrogen-but-not-high-cholesterol-induced-suicide
#13
LETTER
Nobuyoshi Ishii, Takeshi Terao, Ippei Shiotsuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049864/continuation-of-lithium-after-a-diagnosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
L V Kessing, B Feldt-Rasmussen, P K Andersen, T A Gerds, R W Licht
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether continued lithium or anticonvulsant treatment after a first diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) was associated with progression to irreversible end-stage kidney disease. METHODS: Nationwide cohort study including all individuals in Denmark in a period from 1995 to 2012 with a diagnosis of CKD and (i) a history of lithium treatment (N = 754, among whom 238 patients had a diagnosis of bipolar disorder) or (ii) a history of anticonvulsant treatment (N = 5...
October 19, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034964/hemispheric-asymmetry-of-the-frontolimbic-cortex-in-young-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Q Zhou, M Zhong, S Yao, X Jin, Y Liu, C Tan, X Zhu, J Yi
OBJECTIVE: Although the frontolimbic cortex has been implicated in borderline personality disorder (BPD), information about possible asymmetries in this region in patients with BPD is limited. This study aimed to examine whether frontolimbic cortex asymmetries differ between patients with BPD and healthy individuals. METHODS: The brains of 30 young adult patients with BPD and 32 healthy control subjects were scanned with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The participants completed self-report scales assessing impulsivity, affect intensity and other psychological variables...
October 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975998/peripheral-blood-microrna-and-vegfa-mrna-changes-following-electroconvulsive-therapy-implications-for-psychotic-depression
#16
E Kolshus, K M Ryan, G Blackshields, P Smyth, O Sheils, D M McLoughlin
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs are short, non-coding molecules that regulate gene expression. Here, we investigate the role of microRNAs in depression and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). METHODS: We performed three studies: a deep sequencing discovery-phase study of miRNA changes in whole blood following ECT (n = 16), followed by a validation study in a separate cohort of patients pre-/post-ECT (n = 37) and matched healthy controls (n = 34). Changes in an experimentally validated gene target (VEGFA) were then analysed in patients pre-/post-ECT (n = 97) and in matched healthy controls (n = 53)...
October 4, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940312/increased-thalamic-resting-state-connectivity-as-a-core-driver-of-lsd-induced-hallucinations
#17
F Müller, C Lenz, P Dolder, U Lang, A Schmidt, M Liechti, S Borgwardt
OBJECTIVE: It has been proposed that the thalamocortical system is an important site of action of hallucinogenic drugs and an essential component of the neural correlates of consciousness. Hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD can be used to induce profoundly altered states of consciousness, and it is thus of interest to test the effects of these drugs on this system. METHOD: 100 μg LSD was administrated orally to 20 healthy participants prior to fMRI assessment. Whole brain thalamic functional connectivity was measured using ROI-to-ROI and ROI-to-voxel approaches...
September 21, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922451/low-medical-morbidity-and-mortality-after-acute-courses-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-a-population-based-sample
#18
D M Blumberger, D P Seitz, N Herrmann, J G Kirkham, R Ng, C Reimer, P Kurdyak, A Gruneir, M J Rapoport, Z J Daskalakis, B H Mulsant, S N Vigod
BACKGROUND: To determine event rates for specific medical events and mortality among individuals receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). METHOD: Population-based cohort study using health administrative data of acute ECT treatments delivered in Ontario, Canada, from 2003 to 2011. We measured the following medical event rates, per 10 000 ECT treatments, up to 7 and 30 days post-treatment: stroke, seizure, acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, pneumonia, pulmonary embolus, deep vein thrombosis, gastrointestinal bleeding, falls, hip fracture, and mortality...
September 18, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861892/sociodemographic-clinical-and-functional-long-term-outcomes-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-mental-disorders
#19
E Asselmann, H-U Wittchen, R Lieb, K Beesdo-Baum
OBJECTIVE: To examine unfavorable sociodemographic, clinical, and functional long-term outcomes for a range of adolescent mental disorders. METHODS: A total number of 2210 adolescents and young adults (14-24 years at baseline, T0) from a representative community sample were prospectively followed up (T1-T3) over 10 years. DSM-IV mental disorders, sociodemographic, clinical, and functional outcomes were assessed using the DIA-X/M-CIDI and its embedded assessment modules...
August 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023633/bdnf-and-bmi-effects-on-brain-structures-of-bipolar-offspring-results-from-the-global-mood-and-brain-science-initiative
#20
R B Mansur, E Brietzke, R S McIntyre, B Cao, Y Lee, L Japiassú, K Chen, R Lu, W Lu, T Li, G Xu, K Lin
OBJECTIVE: To compare brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels between offspring of individuals with bipolar disorders (BD) and healthy controls (HCs) and investigate the effects of BDNF levels and body mass index (BMI) on brain structures. METHOD: Sixty-seven bipolar offspring and 45 HCs were included (ages 8-28). Structural images were acquired using 3.0 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging. Serum BDNF levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
December 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
journal
journal
23248
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"