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Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430365/brain-gyrification-and-neuroprogression-in-bipolar-disorder
#1
LETTER
B Cao, I C Passos, M-J Wu, G B Zunta-Soares, B Mwangi, J C Soares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422271/a-systematic-review-of-left-unilateral-electroconvulsive-therapy
#2
REVIEW
C H Kellner, K G Farber, X R Chen, A Mehrotra, G D N Zipursky
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the published clinical trials, case series, and case reports on left unilateral (LUL) electrode placement for clinical electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). METHOD: PubMed, Ovid Medline, and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles concerning LUL ECT. Number of patients, efficacy, and cognitive outcomes were extracted from the papers that met our inclusion criteria. RESULTS: A total of 52 articles were included in this review, consisting of 33 clinical trials, seven case series, and 12 case reports...
April 19, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422269/wake-and-light-therapy-for-moderate-to-severe-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
M Kragh, K Martiny, P Videbech, D N Møller, C S Wihlborg, T Lindhardt, E R Larsen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of using wake and light therapy as a supplement to standard treatment of hospitalized patients with depression. METHOD: In this randomized, controlled study, 64 patients with moderate-to-severe depression were allocated to standard treatment or to the intervention, which additionally consisted of three wake therapy sessions in one week, 30-min daily light treatment and sleep time stabilization over the entire nine-week study period...
April 19, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419425/how-abnormal-is-binge-eating-18-year-time-trends-in-population-prevalence-and-burden
#4
D Mitchison, S Touyz, D A González-Chica, N Stocks, P Hay
OBJECTIVE: Although findings suggest that binge eating is becoming increasingly normative, the 'clinical significance' of this behaviour at a population level remains uncertain. We aimed to assess the time trends in binge-eating prevalence and burden over 18 years. METHOD: Six cross-sectional face-to-face surveys of the Australian adult population were conducted in 1998, 2005, 2008, 2009, 2014, and 2015 (Ntotal = 15 126). Data were collected on demographics, 3-month prevalence of objective binge eating (OBE), health-related quality of life, days out of role, and distress related to OBE...
April 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407229/weight-gain-with-add-on-second-generation-antipsychotics-in-bipolar-disorder-a-naturalistic-study
#5
H Najar, E Joas, M Kardell, E Pålsson, M Landén
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and magnitude of weight gain in-patients with bipolar disorder when treated with a second-generation antipsychotic as an add-on treatment to a mood stabilizer in routine clinical practice. METHODS: Data were derived from the quality register for bipolar disorder in Sweden (BipoläR). Patients with bipolar disorder who started add-on treatment with a SGA (n = 575) were compared at next yearly follow-up with age and sex matched patients who were only treated with a mood stabilizer (n = 566)...
April 13, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407202/altered-white-matter-integrity-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-an-iq-100-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#6
K Nickel, L Tebartz van Elst, E Perlov, D Endres, G T Müller, A Riedel, T Fangmeier, S Maier
OBJECTIVE: White matter (WM) alterations have been reported in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In particular, impaired connectivity of limbic structures may be related to social deficits. Heterogeneous findings could be explained in terms of differences in sample characteristics and methodology. In this context, non-syndromic forms might differ substantially in WM structure from secondary ASD forms. METHOD: In an attempt to recruit a homogeneous study sample, we included adults with high-functioning ASD and an IQ > 100 to decrease the influence of syndromic forms being often associated with cognitive deficits...
April 13, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387438/the-cognitive-footprint-of-psychiatric-and-neurological-conditions-cross-sectional-study-in-the-uk-biobank-cohort
#7
B Cullen, D J Smith, I J Deary, J J Evans, J P Pell
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to quantify the prevalence of cognitive impairment in adults with a history of mood disorder, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease, within a large general population cohort. METHOD: Cross-sectional study using UK Biobank data (n = 502 642). Psychiatric and neurological exposure status was ascertained via self-reported diagnoses, hospital records and questionnaires. Impairment on reasoning, reaction time and memory tests was defined with reference to a single unexposed comparison group...
April 7, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387419/suicide-among-immigrant-population-in-norway-a-national-register-based-study
#8
Q Puzo, L Mehlum, P Qin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in suicide risk among immigrant population in Norway compared with native Norwegians, with respect to associated country group of origin. METHODS: Based on the entire national population, a nested case-control design was adopted using Norwegian national longitudinal registers to obtain 23 073 suicide cases having occurred in 1969-2012 and 373 178 controls. Odds ratios (ORs) for suicide were estimated using conditional logistic regression analysis adjusting for socio-economic factors...
April 7, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383757/prenatal-and-adult-androgen-activities-in-alcohol-dependence
#9
B Lenz, C Mühle, B Braun, C Weinland, P Bouna-Pyrrou, J Behrens, S Kubis, K Mikolaiczik, M-R Muschler, S Saigali, M Sibach, P Tanovska, S E Huber, U Hoppe, A Eichler, H Heinrich, G H Moll, A Engel, T W Goecke, M W Beckmann, P A Fasching, C P Müller, J Kornhuber
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol dependence is more prevalent in men than in women. The evidence for how prenatal and adult androgens influence alcohol dependence is limited. We investigated the effects of prenatal and adult androgen activity on alcohol dependence. Moreover, we studied how the behaviours of pregnant women affect their children's prenatal androgen load. METHOD: We quantified prenatal androgen markers (e.g., second-to-fourth finger length ratio [2D : 4D]) and blood androgens in 200 early-abstinent alcohol-dependent in-patients and 240 controls (2013-2015, including a 12-month follow-up)...
April 6, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374430/variation-in-the-recall-of-socially-rewarding-information-and-depressive-symptom-severity-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
G Lewis, D-Z Kounali, K S Button, L Duffy, N J Wiles, M R Munafò, C J Harmer, G Lewis
OBJECTIVE: To test the association between recall for socially rewarding (positive) and/or socially critical (negative) information and depressive symptoms. METHOD: Cohort study of people who had visited UK primary care in the past year reporting depressive symptoms (N = 558, 69% female). Positive and negative recall was assessed at three time-points, 2 weeks apart, using a computerised task. Depressive symptoms were assessed at four time-points using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
April 4, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369709/a-re-examination-of-antidepressant-treatment-emergent-mania-in-bipolar-disorders-evidence-of-gender-differences
#11
J Scott, C Brichant-Petitjean, B Etain, C Henry, J-P Kahn, J-M Azorin, M Leboyer, F Bellivier
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence and clinical profile of males and females who develop antidepressant treatment-emergent mania (ATEM). METHOD: From an original sample of 754 patients with BD, we identified ATEM+ cases (n = 75) and ATEM- controls (n = 135) that met stringent criteria. We specifically examined the combinations of clinical factors that best classified males and females as ATEM+ cases. RESULTS: Seventy-five individuals were classified as ATEM+; 87% of ATEM events occurred during antidepressant monotherapy...
April 1, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369697/is-it-good-to-share-intergenerational-transmission-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#12
EDITORIAL
N T Fear, S Wessely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369890/impact-of-childhood-trauma-on-course-of-panic-disorder-contribution-of-clinical-and-personality-characteristics
#13
Maud De Venter, Filip Van Den Eede, Thomas Pattyn, Kristien Wouters, Dick J Veltman, Brenda W J H Penninx, Bernard G Sabbe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of childhood trauma on the clinical course of panic disorder and possible contributing factors. METHOD: Longitudinal data of 539 participants with a current panic disorder were collected from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). Childhood trauma was assessed with a structured interview and clinical course after 2 years with a DSM-IV-based diagnostic interview and the Life Chart Interview. RESULTS: At baseline, 54...
March 28, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369737/insula-and-amygdala-resting-state-functional-connectivity-differentiate-bipolar-from-unipolar-depression
#14
E Ambrosi, D B Arciniegas, A Madan, K N Curtis, M A Patriquin, R E Jorge, G Spalletta, J C Fowler, B C Frueh, R Salas
OBJECTIVE: Distinguishing depressive episodes due to bipolar disorder (BD) or major depressive disorder (MDD) solely on clinical grounds is challenging. We aimed at comparing resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) of regions subserving emotional regulation in similarly depressed BD and MDD. METHOD: We enrolled 76 in-patients (BD, n = 36; MDD, n = 40) and 40 healthy controls (HC). A seed-based approach was used to identify regions showing different rsFC with the insula and the amygdala...
March 28, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332236/the-mortality-rate-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#15
REVIEW
N Tørring, S N Sanghani, G Petrides, C H Kellner, S D Østergaard
OBJECTIVE: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) remains underutilized because of fears of cognitive and medical risks, including the risk of death. In this study, we aimed to assess the mortality rate of ECT by means of a systematic review and pooled analysis. METHOD: The study was conducted in adherence with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline. The ECT-related mortality rate was calculated as the total number of ECT-related deaths reported in the included studies divided by the total number of ECT treatments...
March 23, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332188/mitochondrial-dysfunction-a-link-between-antibiotic-use-and-increased-risk-of-severe-mental-disorders
#16
LETTER
William T Regenold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316080/toward-a-very-brief-self-report-to-assess-the-core-symptoms-of-depression-vqids-sr5
#17
N De La Garza, A John Rush, B D Grannemann, M H Trivedi
OBJECTIVE: To develop a short, 5-item measure of the core symptoms of depression based on the 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology - Self-Report (QIDS-SR16 ) and to evaluate psychometric properties of this new measure (Very Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology - Self-Report: VQIDS-SR5 ). METHOD: Using data from a convenience sample of the Combining Medications to Enhance Depression Outcomes (CO-MED) trial, we evaluated the psychometric properties of the VQIDS-SR5 , its sensitivity to change, and its comparability to the QIDS-SR16 and clinician-rated scales (QIDS-C16 and VQIDS-C5 )...
March 17, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281293/hypomania-checklist-32-cross-validation-of-shorter-versions-screening-for-bipolar-disorders-in-an-epidemiological-study
#18
T D Meyer, E Castelao, M Gholamrezaee, J Angst, M Preisig
OBJECTIVE: Self-reports such as Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32) can be used to enhance recognition of bipolar disorders, but they are often too long and only validated in clinical samples. The objectives of this study are therefore to test whether (i) the HCL-32 can be used for screening in the community and (ii) whether two previously suggested shorter versions would do as well. METHOD: Data stemmed from the CoLaus|PsyColaus, a prospective cohort study which included randomly selected residents aged 35-66 years from an urban area...
March 9, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276052/perception-of-emotional-prosody-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
B Kis, N Guberina, M Kraemer, F Niklewski, I Dziobek, J Wiltfang, M Abdel-Hamid
OBJECTIVE: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with social conflicts. The purpose of this study was to explore domains of social cognition in adult patients with ADHD. METHODS: The assessment of social cognition was based on established neuropsychological tests: the Tübinger Affect Battery (TAB) for prosody and the Cambridge Behaviour Scale (CBS) for empathy. The performance of adults with ADHD (N = 28) was compared with the performance of a control group (N = 29) matched according to basic demographic variables...
March 9, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260264/clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-the-association-between-momentary-stress-affective-and-psychotic-symptoms
#20
Y van der Steen, J Gimpel-Drees, T Lataster, W Viechtbauer, C J P Simons, M Lardinois, T Michel, B Janssen, A Bechdolf, M Wagner, I Myin-Germeys
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess associations between momentary stress and both affective and psychotic symptoms in everyday life of individuals at clinical high risk (CHR), compared to chronic psychotic patients and healthy controls, in search for evidence of early stress sensitization. It also assessed whether psychotic experiences were experienced as stressful. METHOD: The experience sampling method was used to measure affective and psychotic reactivity to everyday stressful activities, events and social situations in 22 CHR patients, 24 patients with a psychotic disorder and 26 healthy controls...
March 5, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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