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Acta Oto-laryngologica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310507/inner-ear-test-battery-in-guinea-pig-models-a-review
#1
Yi-Ho Young
OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed the development of the inner ear test battery comprising auditory brainstem response (ABR), and caloric, ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP), and cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) tests in guinea pig models at our laboratory over the last 20 years. Detailed description of the methodology for testing the small animals is also included. METHODS: Inner ear disorders, i.e. ototoxicity, noise exposure, or perilymph fistula were established in guinea pig models first...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310505/evaluation-of-endoscopic-coblation-treatment-for-obliteration-of-congenital-pyriform-sinus-fistula
#2
Lulu Wang, Jianzhong Sang, Yamin Zhang, Liuzhong Wang, Wendan Gong, Hua Cao
BACKGROUND: Congenital pyriform sinus fistula is a very rare branchial apparatus malformation. Conventional open surgery for fistulectomy might fail to excise the lesion completely, leading to continual recurrence. The aim of this study was to provide an innovative endoscopic coblation technique for patients with pyriform sinus fistula and evaluate its intermediate-term effectiveness. METHODS: Retrospective case series with 112 patients (age range 3-36 years) between 2013 and 2016 and underwent endoscopic coblation of the sinus fistula...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310503/decision-making-for-position-dependent-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-on-the-basis-of-patient-information-and-physical-examinations-of-the-upper-airway-acquired-on-an-outpatient-basis
#3
Minoru Endo, Takahito Kondo, Rie Shimada, Kiyoaki Tsukahara
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m2 and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are highly suspicious for position-dependent OSAS. Diagnosis of position-dependent/position-independent OSAS can be difficult in patients satisfying both 'BMI >25 kg/m2' and 'any of tongue enlargement (TE), palatine tonsil hypertrophy (PTH) and obstruction by Muller's maneuver (OMM)'. Polysomnography is warranted in such patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to retrospectively elucidate criteria for differentiating position-dependent OSAS on the basis of patient information and physical examinations of the upper airway obtainable in clinics...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310501/curative-effect-of-chemotherapy-ktp-lasers-and-co2-lasers-combined-with-chemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-adult-laryngeal-hemangioma
#4
Xiufa Wu, Wenjing Mao, Peijie He, Chunsheng Wei
PURPOSE: To evaluate three methods for treating adult laryngeal hemangiomas: conventional chemotherapy, CO2 laser combined with chemotherapy, and KTP laser. And to identify risk factors that affected the prognosis of the lesions. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed on the data from patients with adult laryngeal hemangiomas treated by one of three aforementioned methods, the curative efficacy, and safety of those methods was compared. RESULTS: All cases were confirmed by suspension micro-laryngoscope examination...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310495/outcome-of-carotid-and-subclavian-blowout-syndrome-in-patients-with-pharynx-and-larynx-carcinoma-passing-a-standardized-multidisciplinary-treatment
#5
Constanze Gahleitner, Benedikt Hofauer, Katharina Storck, Andreas Knopf
BACKGROUND: Carotid blowout syndrome (CBS) is one of the most feared emergencies in the head and neck surgery and tends to occur in patients with head and neck cancer, wound complications, pharyngocutaneous fistulas, or after radio(chemo)therapy. CBS is always life threatening and associated with a 50% mortality/morbidity rate. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, a total of 51 patients who developed CBS caused by the tumour masses or after radio(chemo)therapy were included...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310492/prognostic-factors-and-importance-of-recognition-of-adult-croup
#6
Tomoyasu Tachibana, Yorihisa Orita, Takuma Makino, Yasutoshi Komatsubara, Yuko Matsuyama, Yuto Naoi, Michihiro Nakada, Yasuharu Sato, Kazunori Nishizaki
OBJECTIVES: Croup, or laryngotracheobronchitis, is a common disease in childhood. On the other hand, to our knowledge, there are only 14 cases in six English literatures describing adult croup (AC). The clinical features of AC have not been well known. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of medical records of 18 patients with AC during the period from 2008 to 2016. RESULTS: None of the 18 patients required an urgent airway intervention...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310489/unknown-primary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-retrospective-analysis-of-80-cases
#7
Masanobu Mizuta, Morimasa Kitamura, Ichiro Tateya, Hisanobu Tamaki, Shinzo Tanaka, Ryo Asato, Shogo Shinohara, Shinji Takebayashi, Toshiki Maetani, Yoshiharu Kitani, Yohei Kumabe, Tsuyoshi Kojima, Koji Ushiro, Kazuyuki Ichimaru, Keigo Honda, Koichiro Yamada, Koichi Omori
OBJECTIVES: The management of patients with cervical metastasis in head and neck cancer of unknown primary (HNCUP) remains controversial. This current multicenter retrospective study investigated the treatment outcomes of patients with HNCUP. METHODS: The study included patients who were treated curatively at 12 institutions in Japan from January 2006 to December 2015. RESULTS: Eighty patients with HNCUP were included. The median follow-up period was 34 months...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310488/the-effects-of-lipoic-acid-and-methylprednisolone-on-nerve-healing-in-rats-with-facial-paralysis
#8
Emrah Tekdemir, Arzu Tatlipinar, Dilek Özbeyli, Özge Tekdemir, Emrah Kınal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of lipoic acid and methylprednisolone on nerve healing in rats with traumatic facial paralysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were randomly divided into four groups, with six rats in the control group and eight each in the remaining three groups. The buccal branch of the facial nerve in all groups except the control group was traumatized by a vascular clamp for 40 minutes. Group 1 was given lipoic acid (LA), Group 2 was given methylprednisolone (MP), and Group 3 was given lipoic acid and methylprednisolone (LA + MP) for one week...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298539/cholesteatoma-surgery-with-the-canal-wall-up-technique-combined-with-mastoid-obliteration-results-from-primary-surgery-in-230-consecutive-cases
#9
Johanna Westerberg, Elina Mäki-Torkko, Henrik Harder
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the canal wall up (CWU) technique combined with mastoid obliteration used in cholesteatoma surgery from the aspects of safety and function. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. Information was extracted from a medical database and complementary data from patient files and audiograms were collected and recorded retrospectively. SETTING: A tertiary-stage hospital and a secondary-stage hospital. Surgeons of various levels of experience...
January 3, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298532/jan-wers%C3%A3-ll-1930-2017
#10
Matti Anniko, Sten Hellström
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298526/comparison-of-radiofrequency-and-transoral-robotic-surgery-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-treatment
#11
Engin Aynacı, Murat Karaman, Burak Kerşin, Mahmut Ozan Fındık
INTRODUCTION: Radiofrequency tissue ablation (RFTA) and transoral robotic surgery (TORS) are the methods used in OSAS surgery. We also aimed to compare the advantages and disadvantages of RF and TORS as treatment methods applied in OSAS patients in terms of many parameters, especially apnea hypopnea index (AHI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were classified by performing a detailed examination and evaluation before surgery. 20 patients treated with anterior palatoplasty and uvulectomy -/+ tonsillectomy + RFTA (17 males, 3 females) and 20 patients treated with anterior palatoplasty and uvulectomy -/+  tonsillectomy + TORS (16 males, 4 females) were included in the study...
January 3, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272988/the-influence-of-the-subarcuate-artery-in-the-superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence-and-its-frequency-on-stillbirths-illustrative-cases-and-systematic-review
#12
Gabriela Pereira Bom Braga, Jack H Noble, Eloisa Maria Mello Santiago Gebrim, Robert F Labadie, Ricardo Ferreira Bento
Literature describes that on the 25th gestational week the labyrinth is fully formed and with adult size. However, recent studies have shown that the cranial and labyrinth development continues until 3 years of age. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate through tomographic study the frequency of semicircular canal dehiscence on nine specimens of stillbirths between 32 and 40 weeks and, through literature review, present another possible etiology for its cause. METHODS: Tomographic study of the temporal bone of 9 specimens of stillbirths between 32 and 40 weeks...
December 22, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272985/the-expression-of-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-in-patients-and-animal-models-with-eosinophilic-otitis-media
#13
Tomoya Miura, Atsushi Matsubara, Naomi Kudo, Ryutaro Hara, Junko Takahata, Akira Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed to clarify the expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), a key trigger of Th2-type allergic disease, in the middle ear mucosa of eosinophilic otitis media (EOM). METHODS: An immunohistological study of TSLP was conducted in patients with EOM and in animal models of EOM constructed by intraperitoneal and intratympanic injection of ovalbumin for 7 and 14 days. In addition, the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of TSLP in the middle ear mucosa of the animal models was analyzed using real-time PCR, and was compared with that of the control animals...
December 22, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272984/low-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-in-postmenopausal-female-patients-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#14
Weiwei Han, Zhenyi Fan, Min Zhou, Xu Guo, Wang Yan, Xiaoxiong Lu, Li Li, Chengyao Gu, Caijing Chen, Yunqin Wu
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have reported the association of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) with vitamin D deficiency. This study aimed to evaluate serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels in native Chinese postmenopausal women with de novo idiopathic BPPV and to investigate the possible relationship between the occurrence of BPPV and low 25 (OH) D levels. METHODS: This retrospective study comprised of 85 postmenopausal women with de novo idiopathic BPPV and 80 age-matched healthy controls...
December 22, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241412/tonsillotomy-versus-tonsillectomy-in-adults-suffering-from-tonsil-related-afflictions-a-systematic-review
#15
Justin E R E Wong Chung, Peter Paul G van Benthem, Henk M Blom
OBJECTIVE: Tonsillotomy has emerged as an alternative for tonsillectomy in treating patients with tonsil-related afflictions. Tonsillotomy provides favourable outcomes in children, but treatment of choice in adults remains unclear. This systematic review sought to evaluate the current literature on the efficacy and adverse events of tonsillotomy compared to tonsillectomy in adults. METHODS: A Medline and Cochrane search was conducted for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and cohort studies comparing tonsillotomy to tonsillectomy in adults...
December 15, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233058/correction-to-an-et%C3%A2-al-diagnostic-role-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-for-the-position-of-straight-array
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233054/pretreatment-serum-lactate-dehydrogenase-as-a-prognostic-indicator-for-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Yukinori Takenaka, Ryohei Oya, Kengo Aoki, Hiroko Hamaguchi, Kazuya Takemura, Masayuki Nozawa, Takahiro Kitamura, Yoshifumi Yamamoto, Atsuhiko Uno
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) can predict the prognosis of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and to determine the optimal cut-off values for LDH. METHODS: This retrospective study included 184 patients with OSCC, treated with surgery between 2006 and 2014. The association between LDH and T, N classification was investigated using the Mann-Whitney test. Cut-off values for LDH were determined with a recursive partitioning analysis (RPA)...
December 12, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226759/evaluation-and-interpretation-of-the-bucket-test-in-healthy-individuals
#18
Erika Celis-Aguilar, Angel Castro-Urquizo, Juan Mariscal-Castro
OBJECTIVE: To determine and interpret the range of normal deviation of the bucket test in healthy subjects Subjects and methods: Study design: Cross-sectional study in a secondary care center. INCLUSION CRITERIA: subjects ≥18 years old with no otologic or neurologic symptoms and normal complete neuro-otological examination. The subjective visual vertical was evaluated binocularly using the bucket test. Five measurements were made on the clockwise direction and five on the counterclockwise direction...
December 9, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205085/incidence-and-survival-of-sinonasal-adenocarcinoma-by-site-and-histologic-subtype
#19
Suat Kılıç, Ruwaa Samarrai, Sarah S Kılıç, Mina Mikhael, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and survival of sinonasal adenocarcinoma (SNAC) by subsite and histologic subtype. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective database review. METHODS: Using the SEER database, we performed a retrospective analysis, identified cases of SNAC diagnosed between 1973 and 2013 and analyzed demographic, histopathology, clinicopathology, and determinants of disease specific survival (DSS). RESULTS: A total of 746 patients with SNAC were identified...
December 5, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205084/relationship-between-cognitive-function-and-balance-in-a-community-dwelling-population-in-japan
#20
Shinichi Goto, Akira Sasaki, Ippei Takahashi, Yuri Mitsuhashi, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Atsushi Matsubara
BACKGROUND: There has been no treatment found yet that cure dementia. Hence it is important to establish the evaluation index of cognitive decline before becoming dementia. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the effective balance test indicating early cognitive decline by gender. METHODS: A total of 218 volunteers (60 years of age and above) who participated in the Iwaki promotion health project in 2015 were recruited. We performed three balance tests: one leg standing test, functional reach test and static posturography, and we used mini-mental state examination (MMSE) to investigate cognitive function...
December 5, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
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