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Acta Oto-laryngologica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446044/extracapsular-dissection-for-warthin-tumor-in-the-tail-of-parotid-gland
#1
Dong Hoon Lee, Tae Mi Yoon, Joon Kyoo Lee, Sang Chul Lim
CONCLUSIONS: Extracapsular dissection conferred the advantage of reduced operation time and morbidity without any recurrence, and it could be considered as the treatment of choice for Warthin tumors in the tail of the parotid gland. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to confirm the appropriate surgical procedure for Warthin tumor in the tail of the parotid gland, by comparing the results of extracapsular dissection and superficial parotidectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 72 patients with Warthin tumor in the tail of the parotid gland who underwent surgery between January 2006 and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 27, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446038/clinical-criteria-of-positional-vertical-nystagmus-in-vestibular-migraine
#2
Mohamed Mohamed El-Badry, Hesham Samy, Abdel Mageed Kabel, Fatma Mohamed Rafat, Hossam Sanyelbhaa
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to identify key diagnostic criteria for positional vertical nystagmus caused by vestibular migraine (VM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group included a case series of 13 subjects with VM (10 females and three males with age 38.6 ± 8.9 years); they were complaining of positional vertigo. They were subjected to thorough audiovestibular examination and treated with cinnarizine or topiramate Results: The entire study group demonstrated positional vertical nystagmus (eight patients had up-beating nystagmus and five patients had down-beating nystagmus)...
April 27, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440088/head-and-neck-giant-cell-arteritis-an-autoimmune-disease-with-many-faces
#3
Markus Wirth, Lucas Schirmer, Benedikt Hofauer, Magdalena Lenschow, Daria Loos, Klaus Thuermel, Andreas Knopf
CONCLUSION: A high rate of infrequent presentations of giant cell arteritis were seen in the ENT department and should be anticipated as a differential diagnosis in every older patient with odynophagia with high CRP values without cause in thorough ENT examination. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical manifestation of head and neck giant cell arteritis and to derive a diagnostic pathway covering atypical cases. METHOD: Single-center, retrospective analysis of cases with GCA in the head and neck region (HN-GCA) (2002-2012) to describe the clinical presentation and to derive a diagnostic pathway covering manifestations presenting to an ENT department...
April 25, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434389/evaluation-of-the-protective-effect-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-injection-on-otitis-media-with-effusion
#4
Ömer Faruk Çalım, Yavuz Selim Yıldırım, Remzi Doğan, Selhattin Tuğrul, Özge Gedik, Orhan Özturan
OBJECTIVE: This study makes an analysis of the effect of Botulinum toxin type A on otitis media with effusion in rats. METHOD: As part of the study, 24 male Wistar Albino rats were divided into three groups: Group 1: Botulinum toxin Type A and Histamıne (intratympanic 0.2 ml = 20 unit BTA); Group 2: Saline and Histamine (intratympanic 0.2 ml 0.9%); Group 3: Histamine (intratympanic 0.2 ml). Histamine (intratympanic 0.2 ml) was administered into the right ear for all groups...
April 22, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434284/injection-of-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-for-unilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis
#5
Takeharu Kanazawa, Kazuya Kurakami, Kazutaka Kashima, Ujimoto Konomi, Daigo Komazawa, Kazuhiro Nakamura, Koji Matsushima, Yusuke Akagi, Kiyoshi Misawa, Hiroshi Nishino, Yusuke Watanabe
OBJECTIVE: Unilateral vocal cord paralysis (UVCP) not only induces severe dysphonia, but aspiration as well. Although laryngeal framework surgery is usually performed to treat this condition, the procedure is not tolerated by some patients. In the previous study, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) injections for vocal cord scarring and sulcus have been reported to provide favorable outcomes while being minimally invasive. In this study, the authors retrospectively investigated phonological outcomes after bFGF injection in patients with UVCP...
April 22, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431494/surgical-results-of-modified-canal-wall-down-tympanoplasty
#6
Feng-Ming Gu, Fang-Lu Chi
CONCLUSION: Patients with mastoiditis and chronic suppurative otitis media which has small mastoids that make them ideal candidates for modified canal wall down mastoidectomy (MCWD) which contributes to a dry and spacious ear and the maintaining and improving hearing. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate surgical outcomes for chronic otitis media underwent MCWD. METHODS: A clinical retrospective study was performed on 47 ears with chronic otitis media which has relatively limited attic lesions have the small, sclerotic and hypocellular mastoids according to the preoperative high-resolution CT scan of the temporal bone that underwent MCWD and 32 ears with typical canal wall down operation form January 2010 to January 2016...
April 21, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415914/sealing-of-the-round-and-oval-window-niches-with-triamcinolone-soaked-fascia-as-salvage-surgical-therapy-in-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#7
Benjamin Loader, Rudolf Seemann, Claudia Atteneder, Elisabeth Sterrer, Peter Franz, Claudia Lill
CONCLUSIONS: Triamcinolone-soaked fascia seems to show better hearing improvement when added to tympanotomy for sudden idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL), compared to fascia round window occlusion without triamcinolone. OBJECTIVES: To analyse if adding triamcinolone to sealing the round and oval window niches with fascia results in improved audiological outcome for acute SNHL. METHODS: Fifty-three patients (27m:43 ± 12 years, 26f:45 ± 14 years) with acute SSHL ≥50dB over 3 frequencies, who failed primary therapy, underwent transcanal tympanotomy...
April 18, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399695/the-effect-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#8
Mosaad Abdel-Aziz, Khaled Azooz, Nader Naguib, Ramez Reda, Ahmed Kamel
OBJECTIVE: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are liable to develop obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to many anatomical airway abnormalities. The tonsils and adenoid occupy part of the airway space, and their removal may be helpful in relieving airway obstruction. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of adenotonsillectomy in the treatment of OSA in those children. METHODS: Fifty DS children with difficult breathing were recruited, and they were subjected to polysomnographic examination (PSG)...
April 11, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399691/effect-of-aldosterone-on-cochlear-af9-expression-and-hearing-in-guinea-pig
#9
Li Qin, Biyun Zhang, Qianying Wang, Duanchao Li, Xiaoli Luo, Shixun Zhong
CONCLUSIONS: Af9 protein in cochlea may be closely related to endolymph regulation by aldosterone and thus may be involved in pathogenesis of endolymphatic hydrops (EH). OBJECTIVES: EH is the pathological characteristic of Ménière's disease (MD). Aldosterone could induce EH, but its relationship with MD is still controversial. The aim of the present study is to investigate the Af9 protein expression in guinea pig cochlea and regulation of Af9 expression and cochlear function by aldosterone...
April 11, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395580/m2-polarized-tumour-associated-macrophages-in-stroma-correlate-with-poor-prognosis-and-epstein-barr-viral-infection-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#10
Haoran Huang, Xiong Liu, Feipeng Zhao, Juan Lu, Bao Zhang, Xiaohong Peng, Mengwen Zhang, Xiaomei Chen, Gang Li, Xiangping Li
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationships between CD163 expression, localization of CD163(+) macrophages, clinicopathological features and prognosis of NPC. METHODS: A total of 110 cases of NPC specimens and 80 cases of nasopharyngitis specimens were analysed for CD163 expression by immunohistochemistry and EBERs expression in situ hybridization. RESULTS: CD163 + macrophages in the tumour stroma were positively correlated with the tumour and nodal stage...
April 10, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394667/differences-between-acoustic-trauma-and-other-types-of-acute-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-terms-of-treatment-and-hearing-prognosis
#11
Tetsuro Wada, Hajime Sano, Shin-Ya Nishio, Ryosuke Kitoh, Tetsuo Ikezono, Satoshi Iwasaki, Kimitaka Kaga, Atsushi Matsubara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Takaaki Murata, Yasushi Naito, Mikio Suzuki, Haruo Takahashi, Testuya Tono, Hiroshi Yamashita, Akira Hara, Shin-Ichi Usami
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the differences between acoustic trauma (AT) and other types of acute noise-induced hearing loss (ANIHL), we performed a literature search and case reviews. METHODS: The literature search based on online databases was completed in September 2016. Articles on ANIHL and steroid treatment for human subjects were reviewed. The source sounds and treatment sequelae of our accumulated cases were also reviewed. Hearing loss caused by gun-shots and explosions was categorized into the AT group, while hearing loss caused by concerts and other noises was categorized into the ANIHL group...
April 10, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394666/assessment-of-hyperacusis-with-a-newly-produced-japanese-version-of-the-khalfa-hyperacusis-questionnaire
#12
Naoki Oishi, Hiroyuki Yamada, Sho Kanzaki, Akihiro Kurita, Yoichiro Takiguchi, Isamu Yuge, Yoji Asama, Masatsugu Masuda, Kaoru Ogawa
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of a Japanese version of the Khalfa hyperacusis questionnaire (KHQ) and proposed a threshold KHQ score for classifying hyperacusis. METHODS: In total, 112 patients with hyperacusis (group A) and 103 patients without hyperacusis (group B). The patients in group A were further classified into the following subgroups: subjects with hyperacusis as their chief complaint (n = 26, group A1) and subjects with hyperacusis accompanied by chief complaints of tinnitus and/or hearing loss (n = 86, group A2)...
April 10, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394652/nationwide-epidemiological-survey-of-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-japan
#13
Ryosuke Kitoh, Shin-Ya Nishio, Kaoru Ogawa, Sho Kanzaki, Naohito Hato, Michihiko Sone, Satoshi Fukuda, Akira Hara, Tetsuo Ikezono, Kotaro Ishikawa, Satoshi Iwasaki, Kimitaka Kaga, Seiji Kakehata, Atsushi Matsubara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Takaaki Murata, Yasushi Naito, Takashi Nakagawa, Kazunori Nishizaki, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Hajime Sano, Hiroaki Sato, Mikio Suzuki, Hideo Shojaku, Haruo Takahashi, Hidehiko Takeda, Testuya Tono, Hiroshi Yamashita, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shin-Ichi Usami
OBJECTIVES: Using a large-scale nationwide survey database, we investigated the epidemiological characteristics for idiopathic SSNHL in Japan. METHODS: The subjects for this analysis were patients registered in a Japanese multicentre database between April 2014 and March 2016. A total of 3419 idiopathic SSNHL patients were registered in the database, and the clinical characteristics of the idiopathic SSNHL patients were obtained. Several factors associated with the severity of hearing impairment and prognosis were then investigated...
April 10, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394648/acute-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#14
Shin-Ichi Usami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391734/analysis-of-tracheostoma-morphology
#15
Maartje Leemans, Maarten J A van Alphen, Michiel W M van den Brekel, Edsko G Hekman
OBJECTIVES: Existing fixation methods of automatic speaking valves (ASVs) suffer from shortcomings which partly are the result of insufficient conformity of the intratracheal fixation method's shape to the tracheostoma anatomy. However, quantitative data are lacking and will be helpful to analyse solutions for airtight fixation. This article provides such data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The tracheostoma morphology was measured in computerized tomography scans of 20 laryngectomized patients...
April 10, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368720/a-nationwide-multicenter-study-of-the-cochlin-tomo-protein-detection-test-clinical-characteristics-of-perilymphatic-fistula-cases
#16
Han Matsuda, Kei Sakamoto, Tomohiro Matsumura, Shiho Saito, Susumu Shindo, Kunihiro Fukushima, Shin-Ya Nishio, Ryosuke Kitoh, Osamu Shibasaki, Akinori Ito, Ryuichiro Araki, Shin-Ichi Usami, Mamoru Suzuki, Kaoru Ogawa, Tomonori Hasegawa, Yoshiaki Hagiwara, Yasuhiro Kase, Tetsuo Ikezono
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the positive rate for the Cochlin tomo-protein (CTP: an inner ear-specific protein) detection test among patients with inner ear-related clinical manifestations and evaluate the clinical characteristics of definite perilymphatic fistula (PLF). METHODS: We have performed an ELISA-based CTP detection test using middle ear lavage (MEL) samples from 497 cases of suspected PLF enrolled from 70 clinical centers nationwide between 2014 and 2015...
April 3, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366083/idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-and-acute-low-tone-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-comparison-of-the-results-of-a-nationwide-epidemiological-survey-in-japan
#17
Tadao Yoshida, Michihiko Sone, Ryosuke Kitoh, Shin-Ya Nishio, Kaoru Ogawa, Sho Kanzaki, Naohito Hato, Satoshi Fukuda, Akira Hara, Tetsuo Ikezono, Kotaro Ishikawa, Satoshi Iwasaki, Kimitaka Kaga, Seiji Kakehata, Atsushi Matsubara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Takaaki Murata, Yasushi Naito, Takashi Nakagawa, Kazunori Nishizaki, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Hajime Sano, Hiroaki Sato, Mikio Suzuki, Hideo Shojaku, Haruo Takahashi, Hidehiko Takeda, Testuya Tono, Hiroshi Yamashita, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shin-Ichi Usami
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the differences between idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), and acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss (ALHL) using the results of a nationwide survey database in Japan and to analyze the variables associated with their clinical features and the severity of hearing impairment, treatment, and prognosis. METHODS: Participants were patients registered between April 2014 and March 2016 in a multicenter epidemiological survey database involving 30 university hospitals and medical centers across Japan...
April 1, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366076/relationships-among-drinking-and-smoking-habits-history-of-diseases-body-mass-index-and-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-japanese-patients
#18
Mitsumasa Umesawa, Gen Kobashi, Ryoshuke Kitoh, Shin-Ya Nishio, Kaoru Ogawa, Naohito Hato, Michihiko Sone, Satoshi Fukuda, Akira Hara, Tetsuo Ikezono, Kotaro Ishikawa, Satoshi Iwasaki, Kimitaka Kaga, Seiji Kakehata, Atsushi Matsubara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Takaaki Murata, Yasushi Naito, Takashi Nakagawa, Kazunori Nishizaki, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Hajime Sano, Hiroaki Sato, Mikio Suzuki, Hideo Shojaku, Haruo Takahashi, Hidehiko Takeda, Tetsuya Tono, Hiroshi Yamashita, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shin-Ichi Usami
OBJECTIVES: To present the cardiovascular risk factors in idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) patients enrolled in a nationwide epidemiological survey of hearing disorders in Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compiled the cardiovascular risk factors in 3073 idiopathic SSNHL subjects (1621 men and 1452 women) and compared their proportions with controls as part of the National Health and Nutrition Survey in Japan, 2014. The cardiovascular risk factors consisted of drinking and smoking habits, a history of five conditions related to cardiovascular disease and body mass index...
April 1, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366042/epidemiological-survey-of-acute-low-tone-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#19
Hiroaki Sato, Shigeru Kuwashima, Shin-Ya Nishio, Ryosuke Kitoh, Satoshi Fukuda, Akira Hara, Naohito Hato, Tetsuo Ikezono, Kotaro Ishikawa, Satoshi Iwasaki, Kimitaka Kaga, Atsushi Matsubara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Takaaki Murata, Yasushi Naito, Takashi Nakagawa, Kazunori Nishizaki, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Kaoru Ogawa, Hajime Sano, Michihiko Sone, Hideo Shojaku, Haruo Takahashi, Testuya Tono, Hiroshi Yamashita, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shin-Ichi Usami
OBJECTIVES: A nationwide epidemiological survey involving 23 hospitals in Japan was conducted and the predictive values of demographic data were examined statistically. METHODS: A total of 642 patients from 23 hospitals, including 20 university hospitals, in Japan were enrolled in the study. Age ranged from 8 to 87 years, and all were diagnosed with acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss (ALHL) between 1994 and 2016. Demographic data for the patients, such as symptoms, gender, mean age, and distribution of ALHL grading, were collected and analyzed in relation to prognosis using Student's t-test, χ(2) test and logistic regression...
April 1, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366034/prognostic-impact-of-gene-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#20
Ryosuke Kitoh, Shin-Ya Nishio, Shin-Ichi Usami
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether genetic polymorphisms (single-nucleotide polymorphism [SNPs]) have a prognostic influence on hearing recovery after standardized corticosteroid therapy. METHODS: A total of 192 gene samples from idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) patients registered in the Intractable Inner Ear Disease Gene Bank were enrolled and, as the candidate genes, 16 SNPs from 13 genes were selected for this study. Fischer's exact test was used to compare allele frequencies in each SNP between the patients with good hearing recovery and patients with poor hearing recovery...
April 1, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
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