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Acta Odontologica Scandinavica

Liv O Valør, Inghild K R Norton, Odd C Koldsland, Anne Merete Aass, Andrej M Grjibovski, Hans R Preus
OBJECTIVE: A commercially available mouth rinse with ethyl lauroyl arginate and essential oils claims to have better antimicrobial properties than the traditional essential oil products. The aim of this study was to compare the plaque and gingivitis inhibiting effect of the commercial product containing essential oils with ethyl lauroyl arginate with one placebo and one negative control in a modified experimental gingivitis model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In three groups of healthy volunteers, experimental gingivitis was induced and monitored over 21 d, simultaneously treated with the commercial test solution, 21...
December 7, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Oğuzhan Altun, Suayip Burak Duman, Ibrahim Sevki Bayrakdar, Yasin Yasa, Sacide Duman, Sevcihan Günen Yılmaz
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the prevalence and morphological characteristics of the superior semicircular canal (SSCC) in cleft lip and palate (CL/P) patients using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT images of 53 CL/P patients (28 males and 25 females) and a control group of 76 patients (42 males and 34 females) were evaluated. Retrospectively, 258 temporal bone images from 129 patients were evaluated in terms of SSCC morphology and divided into a normal pattern (0...
December 4, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Romana Šindelářová, Petr Soukup, Zdeněk Broukal
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of BMI on the timing of permanent tooth emergence in Czech children. OBJECTIVES: In this cross-sectional study, 1370 Czech children were examined. The age, gender, weight, height, all emerged permanent teeth (except third molars) of each child were all recorded. A tooth is defined as having emerged when at least any part of it has penetrated the gingiva. METHODS: A logistic regression model was used to calculate the median emergence age per tooth for both genders separately and BMI was used as a factor variable to detect statistically significant differences in the times of tooth emergence within pairs of BMI groups...
November 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Hyesung Kim, Jeong Kyu Oh, Myeng Ki Kim, Kwanghak Bae, Hyungkil Choi
BACKGROUND: The prescription rate for antibiotics in dental clinics is not declining despite the increase in the antibiotic resistance problem. In this study, we observed the change in antibiotic prescription rates by dentists in a Korean dental hospital for various treatments after conducting interventions targeting dentists. METHODS: The first intervention was to distribute guidelines. The second intervention was to remove the bundled prescription button containing antibiotics from the Electronic Medical Record system...
November 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Jehan AlHumaid, Fahad Al-Harbi, Maha El Tantawi, Abeer Elembaby
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to directly compare Carisolv and Papacarie regarding the volume of removed tissue (RT) and dentin mineral density (DMD) after excavation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty permanent molars were randomized into two groups where caries was excavated using Carisolv or Papacarie followed by removal of softened tissue by a blunt instrument. X-ray microtomography was used to scan teeth before and after excavation generating two- and three-dimensional images that were used to calculate the percentage of RT relative to baseline tooth tissue volume and DMD that was categorized into sound dentin (>1...
November 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Elena Bardellini, Francesca Amadori, Giulio Conti, Alessandra Majorana
OBJECTIVES: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) have become very popular in recent years. However, many uncertainties remain about their side effects. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in former smokers compared to ECs consumers. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was carried out. Outpatients for dental consultation were consecutively enrolled into two groups based on their habits, i.e. former smokers and ECs consumers...
November 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Juan Pablo Loyola-Rodriguez, Maria Elena Ponce-Diaz, Alejandra Loyola-Leyva, Jose O Garcia-Cortes, Carlo E Medina-Solis, Azael A Contreras-Ramire, Eduardo Serena-Gomez
OBJECTIVE: To determine and identify antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) of oral streptococci from active dental infections in adults and its association with age and gender. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 59 subjects from 18 to 62 years old. Ninety-eighth samples obtained from the subjects were cultivated in agar plates containing antibiotics amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (A-CA), clindamycin, and moxifloxacin (concentrations of 16, 32 or 64 µg/ml)...
November 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Suzana Carvalho Teixeira Pinto de Souza, Kaline Cassiano de Araújo, Joseane Ribeiro Barbosa, Viviane Cancio, Anderson Araújo Rocha, Mônica Almeida Tostes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of different fluoride- and calcium- and/or phosphate-containing products on their ability to prevent enamel demineralization under pH cycling conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Enamel bovine specimens were assigned to the following groups: G1-MPP (MI Paste Plus, 0.2% NaF, Recaldent™, GC Corporation Tokyo, Japan); G2-FD (Crest™ Cavity Protection, 0.243% NaF, Procter & Gamble, USA); G3-CLP (Clinpro™ 5000, 1.1% NaF, 3M ESPE, USA); and G4-CO (Control without fluoride, Silica-based dentifrice; Daudt Ltda, Brazil)...
November 20, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Marwa Madi, Abeer Kassem
OBJECTIVE: Autogenous soft-tissue grafting is a commonly used procedure nowadays in dentistry. However, the prolonged healing time needed for the donor site leads to increase the patient's pain and discomfort. Statin has been observed to be beneficial in reducing bacterial burden, improving epithelization and wound healing. The aim of this study was to evaluate intra-oral topical application of simvastatin/chitosan gel (10 mg/mL) over the palatal donor site following free gingival graft (FGG) procedure...
November 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Christina Mejersjö, Ove Bertilsson, Karin Bäck
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study are to assess the reliability of the short clinical examination, and to compare the information gained with a well-known and validated examination, the diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprises 52 consecutive, newly referred patients at their first visit and examination to an Orofacial Pain and TMD Clinic, 15 years and older, mean age 44 years. The patients first answered three screening questions for reported symptoms...
November 15, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Yago Leira, Pablo Martín-Lancharro, Juan Blanco
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a higher periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) may reflect more severe periodontitis, and if so, to calculate which cut-off point should be used to classify a patient as suffering from periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty subjects were selected based on their periodontal status and were divided into 4 groups of 20 each; periodontally healthy, mild periodontitis, moderate periodontitis and severe periodontitis. In addition, demographic data, smoking status and socioeconomic status were also recorded...
November 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Nidambur Vasudev Ballal, Carmen Maria Ferrer-Luque, Mrunali Sona, K Narayan Prabhu, Teresa Arias-Moliz, Pilar Baca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the smear layer removal and wettability of AH Plus sealer on root canal dentin treated with MA (maleic acid), MA + CTR (cetrimide) and MA + CTR + CHX (chlorhexidine) as final irrigating regimens. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For smear layer removal, 40 teeth were instrumented to size F4 and divided into four groups: (1) 7% MA, (2) 7% MA + 0.2% CTR, (3) 7% MA + 0.2% CTR + 2% CHX, (4) distilled water (control). After irrigation, teeth were subjected to SEM analysis...
November 10, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Filipe Ivan Daniel, Luiza Dutra Lima, Liliane Janete Grando, Renata Castro, Elke Annegret K Cordeiro, Claudia Regina Dos Santos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: radioiodine treatment (I(131)) used to treat thyroid carcinomas produces side effects (sialadenitis, xerostomia, dysphagia and caries susceptibility) reflecting in a poor patient quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of I(131) on salivary function and possible oral impairment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-seven patients undergoing I(131) were submitted to oral examination, answer questions regarding xerostomia/hyposalivation and collect saliva at three moments (M1: 30-45 days before I(131), M2: 1-2 days after I(131) and M3: 7-10 days after treatment)...
November 10, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Marika Doepel, Maria Nilner, Tero Vahlberg, Yrsa Le Bell
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome of oral appliance treatment in myofascial Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients with and without comorbid pain using pain site drawings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This randomized, controlled multicentre study comprised 65 myofascial TMD patients diagnosed according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. Pain-site drawings were filled in at the baseline examination. The patients were treated with oral appliances...
November 10, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Zahra Jamali, Masoumeh Vatandoost, Leila Erfanparast, Naser Asl Aminabadi, Sajjad Shirazi
OBJECTIVE: The existing evidence suggests that media habits may have moderating role on children's psychological adjustment in the dental setting. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between children's media habits and their anxiety and behaviour management problems (BMP) during dental treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 289 children aged 3-6 years old were included. Dental anxiety (DA) and BMP were assessed using Clinical Anxiety Rating Scale and Frankl's Rating Scale during the dental treatment...
November 5, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Luise Jungnickel, Casper Kruse, Michael Vaeth, Lise-Lotte Kirkevang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors associated with treatment quality of ex vivo root canal treatments performed by undergraduate dental students using different endodontic treatment systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four students performed root canal treatment on 80 extracted human teeth using four endodontic treatment systems in designated treatment order following a Latin square design. Lateral seal and length of root canal fillings was radiographically assessed; for lateral seal, a graded visual scale was used...
October 29, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Ti Li, Xiangkai Zhai, Feifei Song, Hongguang Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Selective and non-selective methods for caries removal were controversial so far, thus we aimed to compare the efficacy of selective and non-selective caries removal by conducting meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible RCTs studies comparing selective caries removal with non-selective caries removal were retrieved by searching PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library till 15 July 2017. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for outcome indictors, including pulpal exposure, pulpal symptoms and failure using Inverse variance-random effects or Mantel-Haenszel-fixed effects models...
October 26, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Kerstin Wahlund, Bo Larsson
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate long-term, self-perceived outcome in adulthood for individuals treated as adolescents for temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain in two previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 116 subjects (81% females) treated for frequent TMD pain in two separate RCTs 5-21 (M = 14.8, SD =4.9) years previously. Treatment consisted of occlusal appliance (OA) (n = 41, 35.3%) or relaxation training (RT) combined with information for the control (Co) group (n = 50, 43...
October 26, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Zohaib Akram, Tariq Abduljabbar, Mervyn Hosain, Zeyad H Al-Sowygh, Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present split-mouth retrospective study was to compare the clinical periodontal parameters among gutka-chewers and naswar-dippers. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to record demographic information. Jaw quadrant in which, gutka or naswar were placed were defined as "test-sites". The remaining jaw quadrants were designated as "control-sites". Clinical [plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL)] and radiographic [alveolar bone loss (ABL)] parameters were compared among gutka-chewers and naswar-dippers in the test- and control sites...
October 26, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Gülnihal Emrem Doğan, Zekai Halici, Emre Karakus, Burak Erdemci, Akgün Alsaran, Irfan Cinar
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy is a commonly used treatment modality in head and neck cancer; however, it also negatively affects healthy structures. Direct damage to oral soft and hard tissue frequently occurs with radiotherapy. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of radiotherapy on bone surrounding titanium dental implants via biomechanical and molecular methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four implants were inserted in the left tibiae of 18 adult male New Zealand rabbits (3 implants in each rabbit)...
October 23, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
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