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Acta Odontologica Scandinavica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502207/symptoms-in-the-masticatory-system-and-related-quality-of-life-in-prospective-orthognathic-patients
#1
Riikka Pietilä, Mimmi Tolvanen, Timo Peltomäki, Anna-Liisa Svedström-Oristo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between orthognathic patients' self-reported symptoms in the head and neck region and their quality of life (QoL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants included were consecutive patients (n = 50) referred to the assessment of orthognathic treatment need and voluntary first-year university students (n = 29). All participants filled in the Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ) and a structured diary created by the authors...
May 13, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502198/prevalence-of-dentin-hypersensitivity-among-the-residents-of-xi-an-city-china
#2
Xiao Liang, Zhiyuan Wei, Deyu Hu, Jianping Ruan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and intra-oral distribution of dentine hypersensitivity (DH) and to evaluate the related risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1320 subjects, aged between 20 and 69 years old, were selected from six communities in the urban areas of Xi'an, China. The data were collected by conducting individual interviews using a standard questionnaire; then, the clinical examination was performed for patients who reported about the discomforts they felt in their teeth when subjected to chemical, mechanical and thermal stimuli...
May 13, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502196/pendulum-and-modified-pendulum-appliances-for-maxillary-molar-distalization-in-class-ii-malocclusion-a-systematic-review
#3
Yousef Al-Thomali, Sakeenabi Basha, Roshan Noor Mohamed
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of the present systematic review was to evaluate the quantitative effects of the pendulum appliance and modified pendulum appliances for maxillary molar distalization in Class II malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our systematic search included MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Scopus and key journals and review articles; the date of the last search was 30 January 2017. We graded the methodological quality of the studies by means of the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies, developed for the Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP)...
May 13, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447861/screening-and-early-detection-of-oral-cancer-current-controversies
#4
Leonardo Victor Galvão-Moreira, Maria Carmen Fontoura Nogueira Da Cruz
Some evidence suggests that the early detection of oral cancer (OC) during surveillance might improve survival rates. In addition to this, interventions aimed at enhancing public awareness and knowledge of signs, symptoms and risk factors of OC are thought to decrease the burden of disease. Nevertheless, there is much controversy with regard to the cost-effectiveness of population-based strategies for OC screening. Here, we present and briefly discuss timely findings that have put under scrutiny the applicability of approaches targeted at the early identification of patients with OC...
April 27, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446043/crown-heights-in-the-permanent-teeth-of-47-xyy-males
#5
Raija Pentinpuro, Paula Pesonen, Lassi Alvesalo, Raija Lähdesmäki
OBJECTIVE: The results in human sex chromosome aneuploidies had shown that the extra Y chromosome increases permanent and deciduous tooth crown sizes in the mesiodistal and labiolingual directions. The hypothesis of the study was that the additional Y chromosome increases the permanent tooth crown growth in a vertical dimension. We also aimed to observe possible sex difference in the permanent tooth crown height. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on 15 47,XYY males or males with an extra Y chromosome, nine male relatives (five brothers and four fathers) and 45 male and 48 female population controls had been gathered previously for Professor Lassi Alvesalo's KVANTTI Research Project...
April 26, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431491/fluoride-varnishes-containing-sodium-trimetaphosphate-reduce-enamel-demineralization-in-vitro
#6
Michele M Manarelli, Alberto C B Delbem, Liliana Carolina Báez-Quintero, Felipe Ricardo N de Moraes, Robson F Cunha, Juliano P Pessan
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of fluoride varnishes containing sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) on bovine enamel demineralization in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Enamel bovine discs were randomly assigned into six groups (n = 20/group): placebo, 2.5% NaF, 2.5% NaF/5% TMP, 5% NaF, 5% NaF/5% TMP, and a commercial formulation (Duraphat, 5% NaF). Varnishes were applied on all enamel discs and kept for 6 h. Loosely and firmly bound fluoride formed on/in enamel after treatment were analyzed in 10 discs from each group...
April 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431481/arab-dentists-refusal-to-treat-hiv-positive-patients-a-survey-of-recently-graduated-dentists-from-three-arab-dental-schools
#7
Arheiam Arheiam, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari, Mohamed Ingafou, Asma El-Howiti, Kamis Gaballah, Wafaa AbdelAziz
OBJECTIVE: To assess intended refusal of recent graduates from three Arab dental schools to treat HIV + patients and factors associated with this intention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2015, convenience samples of recent dental graduates were included from Libya, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. Participants responded to a questionnaire assessing personal background, knowledge of oral manifestations and fluids transmitting HIV, perceived adequacy of training and self-efficacy to manage blood exposures, attitude to risk of infection, moral beliefs and willingness to treat HIV + patients...
April 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420315/dental-care-attendance-and-refrainment-from-dental-care-among-adults
#8
Magnus Hakeberg, Ulla Wide Boman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse dental care utilization, refrainment from self-perceived needed dental care and the association with socioeconomic indicators among adult individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey included 3500 randomly selected adult individuals. Telephone interviews were conducted and the participants answered a battery of questions regarding dental visiting habits, health, socioeconomic position (SEP), behavioural factors and lifestyle indicators...
April 19, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393601/genetic-analysis-of-non-syndromic-familial-multiple-supernumerary-premolars
#9
Doo Hwan Bae, Ji Hyun Lee, Je Seon Song, Han-Sung Jung, Hyung Jun Choi, Ji Hun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Supernumerary teeth, a term describing a condition where patients have an abnormally large number of teeth, can be associated with non-syndromic or syndromic phenotypes. PDGFRs are cell surface tyrosine kinase receptors, and are involved in several aspects of tooth development. The purpose of this study was to identify causative genes of familial supernumerary teeth and the molecular pathogenesis of tooth number abnormalities through genetic analysis of a family that showed supernumerary premolars in two successive generations...
April 10, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376676/evaluation-of-maxillary-sinus-volume-and-dimensions-in-different-vertical-face-growth-patterns-a-study-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#10
Rıdvan Okşayan, Oral Sökücü, Seher Yeşildal
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare sinus volume and dimensions in patients with high-, low-, and normal-angle vertical growth patterns using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: According to skeletal vertical face growth patterns, 60 adults (31 female, 29 male, average age: 29.90 ± 10.91 years) were divided into three groups equally: high-angle, low-angle, and normal-angle groups. Cephalometric tracings were obtained from CBCT images and SN-GoGn (angle between Sella-Nasion line and Gonion-Gnathion line) cephalometric angular measurements used for the classification of skeletal vertical pattern evaluations...
April 4, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372503/assessment-of-lingual-nerve-functions-after-smoking-cessation
#11
Anne Barbara Rittich, Jens Ellrich, Sareh Said Yekta-Michael
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking is associated with a variety of oral diseases. A previous study showed a reduction of thermal sensitivity in the innervation area of the lingual nerve in smokers possibly caused by a degeneration of thermosensitive receptors as a consequence of smoking. The current study investigates somatosensory changes in ex-smokers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sensory functions in innervation areas of lingual nerve were investigated in 40 ex-smokers by psychophysical means...
April 3, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355939/comparison-of-four-electronic-root-canal-length-measurement-devices
#12
Rüstem Kemal Sübay, Özlem Kara, Melike Ordulu Sübay
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of four electronic root canal length measurement devices (ERCLMDs) [Root ZX, Raypex 6, ProPex II, and VDW Gold with ERCLMD] in wet and dry root canals with different major foramen diameters, in association with three file positions within the final 1 mm of canals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty roots were divided into five groups that were instrumented apically to the terminus diameter using K-files 15, 20, 30, 40, and 60...
March 29, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355932/how-danish-dentists-and-dental-hygienists-handle-their-role-in-child-abuse-and-neglect-matters
#13
Birgitte Uldum, Hanne N Christensen, Richard Welbury, Dorte Haubek
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify how the dental team perceives its role in safeguarding children, to identify barriers to referral to social services, to compare data with data previously reported from Denmark, and to assess if increased focus on safeguarding children has had an effect on how the dental team handles its responsibility to refer to social services. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study is based on a Danish version of a questionnaire previously used in Scotland and Denmark...
March 29, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335666/control-of-dental-derived-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-through-modified-surfaces-for-dental-application
#14
Hyunmin Choi, Kyu-Hyung Park, Ah-Reum Lee, Chin Hee Mun, Yong Dae Shin, Yong-Beom Park, Young-Bum Park
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the behaviour of iPSc derived from dental stem cells in terms of initial adhesion, differentiation potential on differently surface-treated titanium disc. MATERIALS AND METHODS: iPSc derived from human gingival fibroblasts (hGFs) were established using 4-reprogramming factors transduction with Sendai virus. The hGF-iPSc established in this study exhibited the morphology and growth properties similar to human embryonic stem (ES) cells and expressed pluripotency makers...
March 23, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325134/comparison-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-inflammatory-parameters-among-patients-with-prediabetes-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-non-diabetic-controls
#15
Tariq Abduljabbar, Faisal Al-Sahaly, Mohammed Al-Kathami, Sibtain Afzal, Fahim Vohra
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare periodontal and periimplant inflammatory parameters (plaque index [PI], bleeding on probing [BOP], probing depth [PD] and marginal bone loss [MBL]) among patients with prediabetes, type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and non-diabetic controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with prediabetes (Group-1), 43 patients with T2DM (Group-2) and 42 controls (Group-3) were included. Demographic data was recorded using a questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325127/reproducibility-of-a-commercially-available-subgingival-plaque-sampling-strategy-and-analysis-strategy-with-oligonucleotide-probes
#16
Bernadette Pretzl, Jule Paul, Diana M Krigar, Lorenz Uhlmann, Peter Eickholz, Bettina Dannewitz
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the intra-test agreement of pooled samples from the deepest periodontal pocket of each quadrant with a commercially available test kit based on hybridization of 16S rRNA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Plaque samples of 50 patients with generalized severe chronic periodontitis before therapy were pooled in two separate vials in order to detect and compare counts of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, and Treponema denticola...
March 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281367/a-review-of-the-literature-antibiotic-usage-and-its-relevance-to-the-infection-in-periodontal-flaps
#17
Yiying Liu, Dingyu Duan, Yuejiao Xin, Lin Bai, Tianyu Li, Chuwen Li, Yi Xu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the systemic antibiotic usage in the perioperative period of periodontal flaps and its relevance to the infection after surgeries through reviewing the papers of the last decade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was conducted for the studies of randomized clinical trials between 2005 and 2014 that reported periodontal flaps in chronic periodontitis patients. Data were extracted and the rate of the systemic antibiotic use, the infection rate after surgeries and the number needed to treat (NNT) to prevent one infected case were calculated...
March 10, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270029/treatment-of-intra-oral-injection-phobia-a-randomized-delayed-intervention-controlled-trial-among-norwegian-10-to-16-year-olds
#18
Karin G Berge, Maren Lillehaug Agdal, Margrethe Vika, Marit Slåttelid Skeie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of five sessions of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for 10- to 16-year-olds with intra-oral injection phobia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a randomized delayed intervention controlled trial in 67 patients, fulfilling the DSM-5 criteria for specific phobia. All patients received the same CBT performed by dentists specially trained in CBT. The patients were randomly assigned to either an immediate treatment group (ITG) (34 patients) or a waitlist-control group (WCG) (33 patients)...
March 7, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431477/duration-of-orthognathic-surgical-treatment
#19
Jaakko Paunonen, Mika Helminen, Timo Peltomäki
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the duration of orthognathic-surgical treatment conducted with conventional pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment phases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study material was comprised of the files of 185 consecutive patients treated in Oral and Maxillofacial Unit, Tampere University Hospital, Finland, in 2007-2014. The files were reviewed and the following data was obtained: gender and age of patients, ICD-10 diagnosis, type of malocclusion, duration of pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment and type of operation...
July 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358289/effect-of-local-hil-10-gene-therapy-on-experimental-periodontitis-in-ovariectomized-rats
#20
Yanfen Li, Souzhi Ma, Jianbin Guo, Jun Jiang, Kai Luo, Fuhua Yan, Yin Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of local hIL-10 gene therapy on experimental periodontitis in rats and to elucidate the mechanism underlying this effect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Experimental periodontitis was induced in ovariectomized (OVX) rats using a silk ligature. We then injected 5 μg of hIL-10 plasmid with 5 μl of liposomes or 5 μg of vector plasmid with 5 μl of liposomes into the palatal side of the gingival mucosa of the upper left second molar once every two days...
May 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
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