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Acta Neurologica Scandinavica

K Rosqvist, P Hagell, P Odin, H Ekström, S Iwarsson, M H Nilsson
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with life satisfaction (LS) in people with Parkinson's disease (PD), including a specific focus on those with late-stage PD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 251 persons with PD (median age 70 years; PD duration 8 years). Analyses involved the total sample and a subsample with late-stage PD, that is Hoehn and Yahr stages IV and V (n=62). LS was assessed with item 1 of the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LiSat-11)...
October 10, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
M Nerius, A Fink, G Doblhammer
BACKGROUND: In Germany, epidemiological information on Parkinson's disease (PD) is rare and outdated. Considering aging populations, current prevalences and incidence rates about this age-related disease would be important for adequate public health planning. METHODS: We used newly available health claims data sets from the largest German health insurer dating 2004-2007 and 2007-2010 with an analysis population in the base years of 491 038 persons aged 50 and older...
October 10, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
P Pasanen, J Mäkinen, L Myllykangas, R Guerreiro, J Bras, M Valori, M Viitanen, M Baumann, P J Tienari, M Pöyhönen, P Baumann
OBJECTIVES: Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC) is a rare neurological disease often inherited as a dominant trait. Mutations in four genes (SLC20A2, PDGFB, PDGFRB, and XPR1) have been reported in patients with PFBC. Of these, point mutations or small deletions in SLC20A2 are most common. Thus far, only one large deletion covering entire SLC20A2 and several smaller, exonic deletions of SLC20A2 have been reported. The aim of this study was to identify the causative gene defect in a Finnish PFBC family with three affected patients...
October 10, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
M Baulac, W Byrnes, P Williams, S Borghs, E Webster, M De Backer, P Dedeken
OBJECTIVE: To assess prospectively the effectiveness of lacosamide (LCM) added to levetiracetam (LEV) after down-titration of a concomitant sodium channel blocker (SCB) among patients with focal epilepsy not adequately controlled on LEV and SCB. METHODS: In this open-label trial, LCM was initiated at 100 mg/day and up-titrated to 200-600 mg/day over 9 weeks; SCB down-titration started when LCM dose reached 200 mg/day. Patients remained on stable LCM/LEV doses for 12 weeks' maintenance (21-week treatment period)...
October 6, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
G Tai, L A Corben, E M Yiu, M B Delatycki
OBJECTIVES: The Medical Outcomes Study 36 item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) is one of the most commonly used patient reported outcome measure. This study aimed to examine the relationship between SF-36 version 2 (SF-36V2) summary scores and Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) clinical characteristics, and to investigate the responsiveness of the scale, in comparison with the Friedreich Ataxia Rating Scale (FARS), over 1, 2 and 3 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive statistics were used to examine the characteristics of the cohort at baseline and years 1, 2 and 3...
September 28, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Ö Karadaş, A Ö Özön, F Özçelik, A Özge
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the efficiency of a single and repeated greater occipital nerve (GON) block using lidocaine in the treatment of triptan-overuse headache (TOH), whose importance has increased lately. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the study, 105 consecutive subjects diagnosed with TOH were evaluated. The subjects were randomized into three groups. In Group 1 (n=35), only triptan was abruptly withdrawn. In Group 2 (n=35), triptan was abruptly withdrawn and single GON block was performed...
September 26, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Y Inatomi, M Nakajima, T Yonehara, Y Ando
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical characteristics of ipsilateral hemiparesis in ischemic stroke patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with acute ischemic stroke were prospectively examined. Ipsilateral hemiparesis was defined as hemiparesis ipsilateral to recent stroke lesions. Patients with ipsilateral hemiparesis were examined with functional neuroimaging studies including transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and functional MRI. RESULTS: Of 8360 patients, ipsilateral hemiparesis was detected in 14 patients (0...
September 26, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
X-L Chen, Q Li, W-S Huang, Y-S Lin, J Xue, B Wang, K-L Jin, B Shao
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Inflammation comprises important aspects of large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA) stroke pathophysiology. YKL-40 is a new and emerging biomarker that is associated with both acute and chronic inflammations. Elevated serum concentrations of YKL-40 have been reported in patients with atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases. This study investigates whether serum YKL-40 concentrations on admission can predict 3-month clinical outcomes after LAA stroke. METHODS: We recruited control patients (n=85) and those with LAA stroke (n=141) according to the TOAST classification system...
September 21, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
P Puz, A Lasek-Bal, P Radecka
BACKGROUND: Transcranial sonography may be applied to assess the basal ganglia nuclei and brain atrophy by the measurement of the width of the third ventricle. The aim of this study was to assess usefulness of transcranial sonography (TCS) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) by examining the echogenicity of subcortical structures and the width of the third ventricle. METHOD: Transcranial sonography evaluation of substantia nigra, brain stem raphe nuclei, diameter of the third ventricle, width of the anterior horn of the lateral ventricle, thalamus, lenticular nucleus, and head of the caudate nucleus in 41 patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), 23 with secondary progressive MS (SPMS), and 20 healthy controls was compared...
September 18, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
O S Mattila, H Harve, S Pihlasviita, J Ritvonen, G Sibolt, M Pystynen, D Strbian, S Curtze, M Kuisma, T Tatlisumak, P J Lindsberg
OBJECTIVES: Blood-based biomarkers could enable early and cost-effective diagnostics for acute stroke patients in the prehospital setting to support early initiation of treatments. To facilitate development of ultra-acute biomarkers, we set out to implement large-scale prehospital blood sampling and determine feasibility and diagnostic timesavings of this approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Emergency medical services (EMS) personnel of the Helsinki metropolitan area were trained to collect prehospital blood samples from thrombolysis candidates using a cannula adapter technique...
September 18, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
M W Kurz, R Advani, G N Behzadi, G Eldøen, E Farbu, K D Kurz
Patients suffering an acute ischemic stroke can be treated with intravenous thrombolysis in the absence of contraindications. A known onset time is a prerequisite as treatment, according to guidelines, has to be started within 4.5 hours. In patients awakening with a stroke, the last time they were seen without a neurological deficit is assumed to be the time of onset. Thus, despite of lack of contraindications on initial brain imaging, these patients are largely excluded from therapy. This review discusses the underlying pathophysiological, clinical, and radiological evidence surrounding wake-up stroke and its consequences for making treatment decisions...
September 18, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
P S Rommer, A Sühnel, N König, U-K Zettl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to get insights in mechanisms of coping and social support in multiple sclerosis (MS). BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis is the most common chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system in young adults. MS strains the patient through its unpredictable course and increasing disability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Two hundred and forty-three patients with MS were consecutively examined at two neurological hospitals...
September 12, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
F Gao, Y Gao, S-J Zhang, X Zhe, F-L Meng, H Qian, B Zhang, Y-J Li
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests that inflammatory cytokines are involved in pathophysiology of epilepsy. However, possible interaction between the cytokines and active epilepsy remains unclear. This study aimed to interictal and postictal plasma cytokines in active epilepsy patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 48 patients with active epilepsy and 30 healthy adults and measured postictal and interictal interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interferon gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and interleukin-17A (IL-17A) concentrations in peripheral blood by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
September 4, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
S Jesse, G Bråthen, M Ferrara, M Keindl, E Ben-Menachem, R Tanasescu, E Brodtkorb, M Hillbom, M A Leone, A C Ludolph
The alcohol withdrawal syndrome is a well-known condition occurring after intentional or unintentional abrupt cessation of heavy/constant drinking in patients suffering from alcohol use disorders (AUDs). AUDs are common in neurological departments with patients admitted for coma, epileptic seizures, dementia, polyneuropathy, and gait disturbances. Nonetheless, diagnosis and treatment are often delayed until dramatic symptoms occur. The purpose of this review is to increase the awareness of the early clinical manifestations of AWS and the appropriate identification and management of this important condition in a neurological setting...
September 1, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
F J E Vajda, T J O'Brien, J E Graham, A A Hitchcock, C M Lander, M J Eadie
BACKGROUND: Some recent studies have found an association between foetal malformations in earlier antiepileptic drug (AED)-exposed pregnancies and an increased hazard of such malformations in subsequent pregnancies. We investigated this matter further, and also considered the possible role of spontaneous abortions in previous pregnancies, in this situation. METHODS: Analysis of foetal malformation data for current and previous pregnancies in women taking AEDs and women with untreated epilepsy in the Australian Register of Antiepileptic Drugs in Pregnancy (APR) from 1999 to late 2014...
August 29, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
J Helenius, Y Mayasi, N Henninger
OBJECTIVES: Small subcortical infarcts (SSI) frequently coexist with brain white matter hyperintensity (WMH) lesions. We sought to determine whether preexisting WMH burden relates to SSI volume, SSI etiology, and 90-day functional outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied 80 consecutive patients with acute SSI. Infarct volume was determined on diffusion weighted imaging, and WMH burden was graded on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequences according to the Fazekas scale...
August 29, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
M da Mota Gomes, T Navarro, A Keepanasseril, R Jeffery, R B Haynes
Patient non-adherence to prescribed anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) remains a challenge to successful treatment of patients with epilepsy. However, the literature on epilepsy does not document a comprehensive review of interventions to improve adherence as a means to improve clinical outcomes. This study systematically reviews existing literature on interventions to enhance AED adherence and clinical outcomes, and the measures of adherence included in these studies. We selected randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions to enhance adherence with AEDs, which also measured clinical outcomes, with at least 80% follow-up of participants for at least 6 months, from a comprehensive Cochrane review of adherence interventions for medications, complete to January 2013, and updated searches for additional AED studies in multiple bibliographic databases to January 2016...
August 29, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
K M Park, S E Kim, K J Shin, S Y Ha, J Park, T H Kim, C W Mun, B I Lee, S E Kim
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients with and without hippocampal sclerosis (HS) showed differences in their limbic networks. This study aimed to evaluate the role of the thalamus in TLE patients with HS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine TLE patients with HS and 30 controls were enrolled in this study. In addition, we included eight TLE patients without HS as a disease control group. Using whole-brain T1-weighted MRIs, we analyzed the volumes of the limbic structures, including the hippocampus, thalamus, and total cortex, with FreeSurfer 5...
August 24, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
M Vågberg, M Axelsson, R Birgander, J Burman, C Cananau, Y Forslin, T Granberg, M Gunnarsson, A von Heijne, L Jönsson, V D Karrenbauer, E-M Larsson, T Lindqvist, J Lycke, L Lönn, E Mentesidou, S Müller, P Nilsson, F Piehl, A Svenningsson, M Vrethem, J Wikström
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with inflammatory lesions in the brain and spinal cord. The detection of such inflammatory lesions using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is important in the consideration of the diagnosis and differential diagnoses of MS, as well as in the monitoring of disease activity and predicting treatment efficacy. Although there is strong evidence supporting the use of MRI for both the diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity, there is a lack of evidence regarding which MRI protocols to use, the frequency of examinations, and in what clinical situations to consider MRI examination...
August 24, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
A Kumar, M Prasad, V P Jali, A K Pandit, S Misra, P Kumar, K Chakravarty, P Kathuria, A Gulati
Bone marrow mononuclear cell (BM-MNC) therapy has emerged as a potential therapy for the treatment of stroke. We performed a systematic review of published studies using BM-MNC therapy in patients with ischaemic stroke (IS). Literature was searched using MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Trip Database, Cochrane library and to identify studies on BM-MNC therapy in IS till June, 2016. Data were extracted independently by two reviewers. STATA version 13 was used for carrying out meta-analysis. We included non-randomized open-label, single-arm and non-randomized comparative studies or randomized controlled trials (RCTs) if BM-MNCs were used to treat patients with IS in any phase after the index stroke...
August 24, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
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