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Acta Histochemica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624121/leptin-like-immunoreactivity-in-the-central-nervous-system-digestive-organs-and-gonads-of-the-giant-freshwater-prawn-macrobrachium-rosenbergii
#1
Jaruwan Poljaroen, Yotsawan Tinikul, Ruchanok Tinikul, Panat Anurucpreeda, Prasert Sobhon
Leptin, a highly conserved adipocyte-derived hormone, plays important roles in a variety of physiological processes, including the control of fat storage and metabolic status which are linked to food intake, energy homeostasis, and reproduction in all vertebrates. In the present study, we hypothesize that leptin is also present in various organs of the fresh water prawns, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The existence and distribution of a leptin-like peptide in prawn tissues were verified by using Western blotting (WB) and immunohistochemical detection (ID) using primary antibody against human leptin...
June 14, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622884/the-effect-of-caloric-restriction-on-the-forelimb-skeletal-muscle-fibers-of-the-hypertrophic-myostatin-null-mice
#2
Mohamed I Elashry, Antonios Matsakas, Sabine Wenisch, Stefan Arnhold, Ketan Patel
Skeletal muscle mass loss has a broad impact on body performance and physical activity. Muscle wasting occurs due to genetic mutation as in muscular dystrophy, age-related muscle loss (sarcopenia) as well as in chronic wasting disorders as in cancer cachexia. Food restriction reduces muscle mass underpinned by increased muscle protein break down. However the influence of dietary restriction on the morphometry and phenotype of forelimb muscles in a genetically modified myostatin null mice are not fully characterized...
June 13, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619287/the-impact-of-black-seed-oil-on-tramadol-induced-hepatotoxicity-immunohistochemical-and-ultrastructural-study
#3
Nesreen Moustafa Omar, Mohammed Amin Mohammed
The natural herb, black seed (Nigella Sativa; NS) is one of the most important elements of folk medicine. The aim was to evaluate the impact of Nigella Sativa Oil (NSO) on the changes induced by tramadol in rat liver. Twenty four albino rats were used. CONTROL GROUP: given intraperitoneal and oral saline for 30days. TR-group: given intraperitoneal tramadol (20, 40, 80mg/kg/day) in the first, middle and last 10days of the experiment, respectively. TR+NS group: administered intraperitoneal tramadol in similar doses to TR-group plus oral NSO (4ml/kg/day) for 30days...
June 12, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619286/neuroprotective-potential-of-aloe-arborescens-against-copper-induced-neurobehavioral-features-of-parkinson-s-disease-in-rat
#4
Abdellatif Abbaoui, Omar El Hiba, Halima Gamrani
Copper (Cu) is an important trace element for the organism survival, which ensures the normal functioning of different biosystems. However, excessive levels of this heavy metal are responsible for profound physiological alterations including the central nervous system. Numerous findings sustain the involvement of heavy metals, as an environmental risk factor such as copper (Cu), in the neuropathology of Parkinson's disease (PD) which is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder that principally affects the motor system...
June 12, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606727/expression-patterns-of-p38%C3%AE-mapk-during-follicular-development-in-the-ovaries-of-neonatal-rats
#5
Shifu Hu, Meng Rao, Hui Lei, Yanqing Wu, Yingying Wang, Dandan Ke, Wei Xia, Changhong Zhu
The p38αMAPK signaling pathway plays a critical role in female reproduction, but an understanding of its expression in rats remains elusive. This study was carried out to investigate the temporal and spatial expression of p38αMAPK and p-p38αMAPK. Ovarian tissue samples were collected from 2-, 4-, 8-, 12-, 16-, 20- and 30-day-old female rats. Western blotting was used to examine the relative expression of p38αMAPK and p-p38αMAPK in ovarian tissue, and subcellular localization was examined using immunohistochemistry of the rat ovaries at different ages of postpartum...
June 10, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606728/a-histomorphometric-study-on-the-effects-of-antiretroviral-therapy-art-combined-with-a-high-calorie-diet-hcd-on-aortic-perivascular-adipose-tissue-pvat
#6
S Nel, H Strijdom, A Genis, F Everson, R Van Wijk, S H Kotzé
Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT), surrounding arteries is metabolically active. Obesity and antiretroviral therapy (ART) may cause pathophysiological conditions in the aortic wall and surrounding PVAT. The aim of the study was to determine the histological effects on the aortic wall, aortic PVAT adipocyte morphology and leptin staining intensity in obese rats treated with ART. Wistar rats (N=36) were divided into four groups; a lean control (C/ART-), ART control (C/ART+), high-calorie diet (HCD) untreated (HCD/ART-) and HCD and ART experimental (HCD/ART+)...
June 9, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602441/squamous-epithelium-formation-in-the-respiratory-intestine-of-the-bronze-corydoras-corydoras-aeneus-callichthyidae-teleostei
#7
Leszek Satora, Katarzyna Kozioł, Jacek Zebrowski
Accessory respiratory organs in fish exhibit great diversity but share the presence of numerous capillaries covered by a simple squamous epithelium. The adoption of the intestine for respiratory function needs certain special modifications. In this study, we explored immunohistochemical and metabolic fingerprint features that could underlay this adaptation in bronze corydoras Corydoras aeneus. Immunohistochemical localization of the cytoplasmic domain of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in the respiratory part of intestine demonstrated a strong positive immunoreaction in epithelial cells and connective tissue...
June 8, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579288/movat-pentachrom-stain-reveals-unexpected-high-osteogenesis-rate-in-aortic-valves
#8
Claudia Dittfeld, Michael Haase, Maria Feilmeier, Anett Jannasch, Petra Büttner, Katrin Plötze, Thomas Waldow, Sems-Malte Tugtekin
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Aortic valve (AV) stenosis is the most common valvular heart disease with an incidence of 3% for people ≥ 65years in the industrialized world with indication for a surgical or transcatheter valve replacement. Researchers suppose osteogenic processes as key mechanisms in calcific aortic valve stenosis. Recently, Torre et al. published impressive histological analyses and detected osseous and/or chondromatous metaplasia in 15.6% of 6685 native calcified aortic valves...
June 1, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549792/endocannabinoids-modulate-apoptosis-in-endometriosis-and-adenomyosis
#9
Elif Bilgic, Elif Guzel Meydanli, Sevil Kose, Makbule Cisel Aydin, Eda Karaismailoglu, Irem Akar, Alp Usubutun, Petek Korkusuz
Adenomyosis that is a form of endometriosis is the growth of ectopic endometrial tissue within the muscular wall of the uterus (myometrium), which may cause dysmenorrhea and infertility. Endocannabinoid mediated apoptotic mechanisms of endometriosis and adenomyosis are not known. We hypothesized that the down regulation of endocannabinoid receptors and/or alteration in their regulatory enzymes may have a direct role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis and adenomyosis through apoptosis. Endocannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, their synthesizing and catabolizing enzymes (FAAH, NAPE-PLD, DAGL, MAGL) and the apoptotic indexes were immunohistochemically assessed in endometriotic and adenomyotic tissues...
May 23, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545761/ultrastructural-analysis-of-human-leukemia-u-937-cells-after-apoptosis-induction-localization-of-proteasomes-and-perichromatin-fibers
#10
Ekaterina S Snigirevskaya, Yan Yu Komissarchik
We studied the ultrastructure of human histiocytic lymphoma U-937cells after apoptosis induction with two external agents, hypertonic shock and etoposide. Appearance of aggregates of particles of nuclear origin within the nuclei and cytoplasm of the induced cells was the first and the most prominent morphological sign of apoptosis. These aggregates were not coated by a membrane, had variable shape, density and size. Two types of particles dominated in the aggregates: perichromatin fibers (PFs) and proteasomes (PRs)...
May 22, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545760/identification-of-synaptic-pattern-of-nmda-receptor-subunits-upon-direction-selective-retinal-ganglion-cells-in-developing-and-adult-mouse-retina
#11
Jun-Seok Lee, Hang-Gu Kim, Chang-Jin Jeon
Direction selectivity of the retina is a unique mechanism and critical function of eyes for surviving. Direction-selective retinal ganglion cells (DS RGCs) strongly respond to preferred directional stimuli, but rarely respond to the opposite or null directional stimuli. These DS RGCs are sensitive to glutamate, which is secreted from bipolar cells. Using immunocytochemistry, we studied with the distributions of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits on the dendrites of DS RGCs in the developing and adult mouse retina...
May 22, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515008/localization-and-distribution-of-gonadal-proteins-in-the-oviparous-lizard-sceloporus-aeneus-squamata-phrynosomatidae
#12
Antonio-Rubio Nivia Rocio, Villagrán-SantaCruz Maricela, Moreno-Mendoza Norma
Among vertebrates, several specific proteins are involved in the function and development of gonads. Several genes such as SOX9, FOXL2, DDX4, IFITM3, and DPPA3, are active during embryonic differentiation and maintain their expression in adult tissues, playing important roles in the function and development of the line cell, where these are produced. Among reptiles, molecular mechanisms for sex differentiation have been analyzed in turtles, crocodiles, and some lizards, while in adult stages such studies are scarce...
May 14, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506466/impaired-steroidogenesis-in-the-testis-of-leptin-deficient-mice-ob-ob
#13
Fabiane Ferreira Martins, Marcia Barbosa Aguila, Carlos Alberto Mandarim-de-Lacerda
The obesity and its comorbidities, including resistance to leptin, impacts the reproductive function. Testes express leptin receptors in the germ cells and Leydig cells. Then, leptin-deficient animals are obese and infertile. We aimed to evaluate the structure and steroidogenic pathway of the testis of deficient leptin mice. Three months old male C57BL/6 mice (wild-type, WT) and deficient leptin (ob/ob) mice had their testes dissected and prepared for analyses. Compared to the WT group, the ob/ob group showed a greater body mass with smaller testes, and alterations in the germinative epithelium: fewer spermatogonia, spermatocytes, and spermatids...
May 13, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506467/apoptosis-of-bovine-granulosa-cells-intracellular-pathways-and-differentiation
#14
M C Carou, P R Cruzans, A Maruri, M G Farina, C D Fiorito, G Olea, D M Lombardo
Follicular atresia in granulosa and theca cells occurs by apoptosis through weak hormonal stimulation. We have previously proposed an in vitro model to study this process by inducing apoptosis in BGC-1, a bovine granulosa cell line, and in primary cultures from ovaries with or without corpus luteum (CPGB+ and CPGB-, respectively), with different doses of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs (leuprolide acetate (LA) as agonist and antide as antagonist). BGC-1 represent immature granulosa cells, whereas CPGB represent different degrees of luteinization...
May 12, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501138/submucosal-neurons-and-enteric-glial-cells-expressing-the-p2x7-receptor-in-rat-experimental-colitis
#15
Marcos Vinícius da Silva, Aline Rosa Marosti, Cristina Eusébio Mendes, Kelly Palombit, Patricia Castelucci
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ulcerative colitis on the submucosal neurons and glial cells of the submucosal ganglia of rats. 2,4,6-Trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS; colitis group) was administered in the colon to induce ulcerative colitis, and distal colons were collected after 24h. The colitis rats were compared with those in the sham and control groups. Double labelling of the P2X7 receptor with calbindin (marker for intrinsic primary afferent neurons, IPANs, submucosal plexus), calretinin (marker for secretory and vasodilator neurons of the submucosal plexus), HuC/D and S100β was performed in the submucosal plexus...
May 10, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499502/sesamin-encouraging-effects-on-chondrogenic-differentiation-of-human-amniotic-fluid-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#16
Suteera Narakornsak, Sirinda Aungsuchawan, Peeraphan Pothacharoen, Runchana Markmee, Waleephan Tancharoen, Tanongsak Laowanitwattana, Chawapon Thaojamnong, Lamaiporn Peerapapong, Nonglak Boonma, Witoon Tasuya, Junjira Keawdee, Naree Poovachiranon
Worldwide, the most recognized musculoskeletal degenerative disease is osteoarthritis (OA). Sesamin, a major abundant lignan compound present in Sesamun Indicum Linn, has been described for its various pharmacological effects and health benefits. However, the promoting effects of sesamin on chondrogenic differentiation have not yet been observed. Herein, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of sesamin on cell cytotoxicity and the potent supporting effects on chondrogenic differentiation of human amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAF-MSCs)...
May 9, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499501/potential-involvement-of-chondroitin-sulfate-a-in-the-pathogenesis-of-ameloblastoma
#17
Xiangjun Li, Hiroshi Kurita, Tiepeng Xiao, Kyou Iijima, Kenji Kurashina, Jun Nakayama
Ameloblastoma is classified as a benign odontogenic tumor characterized by locally invasive behavior and high risk of recurrence. Here, we evaluate a potential role for glycosaminoglycan, a structural component of cell membranes and extracellular matrix, in ameloblstoma pathogenesis. We subjected formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections of 34 cases of ameloblastoma, 10 of odontogenic keratocyst, and 17 of dentigerous cyst to immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies recognizing chondroitin sulfate A (CS-A), heparan sulfate (HS), and keratan sulfate (KS)...
May 9, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495367/in-vivo-effects-of-allium-cepa-l-on-the-selected-gut-microflora-and-intestinal-histomorphology-in-broiler
#18
Sajid Ur Rahman, Sarzamin Khan, Naila Chand, Umar Sadique, Rifat Ullah Khan
The experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of onion (Allium cepa L.,) on the performance, gut microflora and intestinal histomorphology of broiler chicks. Three hundred and twenty day old broiler chicks (Ross) were randomly divided into four groups as A, B, C and D. Group A served as control without any supplementation, group B, C and D was supplemented with onion powder at the rate of 1.5, 2 and 2.5g/kg of feed respectively. Supplementation of onion significantly (P<0.05) increased weight gain and feed consumption...
May 8, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483062/immunocytochemical-localization-of-cholinergic-amacrine-cells-in-the-bat-retina
#19
Eun-Bee Park, Ya-Nan Gu, Chang-Jin Jeon
The purpose of this study was to localize the cholinergic amacrine cells, one of the key elements of a functional retina, in the retina of a microbat, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum. The presence and localization of choline acetyltransferase-immunoreactive (ChAT-IR) cells in the microbat retina were investigated using immunocytochemistry, confocal microscopy, and quantitative analysis. These ChAT-IR cells were present in the ganglion cell layer (GCL) and inner part of the inner nuclear layer (INL), as previously reported in various animals...
May 5, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478955/spatial-distribution-of-cannabinoid-receptor-1-and-fatty-acid-amide-hydrolase-in-the-cat-ovary-and-oviduct
#20
Andrea Pirone, Carla Lenzi, Angela Briganti, Francesco Abbate, Maria Levanti, Francesca Abramo, Vincenzo Miragliotta
Involvement of the endocannabinoid system in female reproduction has been extensively described in humans with the cognate receptors and ligands being found in the ovaries and genital tract. In human, an imbalance of the endocannabinoid system is linked with both ectopic pregnancy and infertility. In bovine species anandamide levels regulate aspects of sperm-oviduct interaction. Here we report the immunohistochemical distribution of cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1R) and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) in cat ovary and oviduct, using paraffin-embedded tissue samples and commercially available antibodies...
May 4, 2017: Acta Histochemica
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