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Acta Histochemica

Yang Yang, Zhiliang Chen, Lvyu Deng, Juan Yu, Kai Wang, Xing Zhang, Guang Ji, Fenghua Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether Pien Tze Huang (PTH) exerts a hepatoprotective effect via inhibiting the PERK/eIF2ɑ signaling pathway using an experimental animal model of alcoholic and high-fat diet rats. METHODS: A liver injury rat model was established and treated with PTH. Pathological changes in the liver were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Hepatic biochemical indexes were detected using an automatic biochemical analyzer. The level of Hcy in serum samples was analyzed using an ELISA...
July 10, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Elenice M Alvarenga, Carlos H L Imperador, Vanessa B Bardella, Vera L C C Rodrigues, Mateus Mondin, Diogo C Cabral-de-Mello, Alberto S Moraes, Maria Luiza S Mello
Panstrongylus megistus, a potential vector of Chagas disease, currently occupies a wider geographic distribution in Brazil than Triatoma infestans, another member of the hemipteran Reduviidae family and a vector of the same disease. A small heterochromatic body (chromocenter) formed by the Y chromosome is evident in the somatic cells of P. megistus, differing in size and chromosome type contribution from the well-studied chromocenters present in T. infestans. While the overall distribution of histone epigenetic marks differ when comparing the heterochromatin and euchromatin territories in T...
July 10, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Jumpei Tomiyasu, Daisuke Kondoh, Hideyuki Sakamoto, Naoya Matsumoto, Shingo Haneda, Motozumi Matsui
Olfaction is mediated by the vomeronasal and main olfactory systems, and the peripheral vomeronasal organ (VNO) processes species-specific chemicals that are associated with various behaviors in mammals. Sensory epithelial surfaces of the olfactory mucosa and VNO are covered by mucosal fluid that contains secretory products derived from associated glands, and glycoconjugates in the mucosal fluid are involved in odorant reception. The VNO of brown bears contains two types of glands; submucosal vomeronasal glands (VNG) and multicellular intraepithelial glands (MIG)...
July 9, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Lingchong Wang, Liuqing Di, Hao Wu
We investigated presence and distribution of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in Meretrix meretrix soft tissue by determining GAG composition in the different parts, namely, mantle edge, foot, gill, adductor muscle, and viscera. The occurrence of glycan ingredients was examined by histochemistry, whereas GAG and general polysaccharide contents in clam tissue were qualified through extraction and determination. Tissue sections stained with alcian blue or periodic acid-Schiff demonstrated the general existence of saccharides and trifling generation of GAGs in clam tissues...
July 5, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Abdellatif Abbaoui, Halima Gamrani
We aim herein to assess the neurotoxic effects of subchronic Cu-exposition (0125%) for 6 weeks on dopaminergic and astroglial systems then locomotor activity in rats as well as the probable therapeutic efficiency of curcumin-I (30 mg/kg B.W.). We found that intoxicated rats showed a significant impairment of Tyrosine Hydroxylase (TH) within substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc), ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the striatal outputs together with loss expression of GFAP in these structures. This was linked with an evident decrease in locomotor performance...
June 26, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Hong Xue, Feng Yun Wang, Qian Kang, Xu Dong Tang
The proto-oncogene c-kit, as a marker of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) in the gastrointestinal tract, plays an important role in the ICCs. Although limited evidences showed c-kit is present in the colonic epithelium but its roles remain unclear. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the expression, location and function of c-kit in the intestinal epithelium. Immunofluorescence, western blotting, and RT-PCR were performed to detect the expression and location of c-kit in the intestinal mucosa of WT mice...
June 20, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Chung-Ming Chen, Shu-Hui Juan, Man-Hui Pai, Hsiu-Chu Chou
Diabetes mellitus (DM) reduces lung function and increases the risk of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, and pulmonary fibrosis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a crucial role in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. The pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis in diabetes remains unknown. We investigated the effects of hyperglycemia on EMT in the lungs of gerbils with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Diabetic gerbils exhibited a significantly lower volume fraction of the alveolar airspace and significantly higher septal thickness, volume fraction of the alveolar wall, and lung injury scores than did nondiabetic gerbils...
June 19, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Haihong Li, Liyun Chen, Mingjun Zhang, Sitian Xie, Liuhanghang Cheng
Previously studies showed that Forkhead transcription factor A1 (FoxA1) was associated with sweat secretion. To investigate the expression and localization of FoxA1 in the three-dimensional (3D) reconstructed eccrine sweat glands, eccrine sweat gland cells were transplanted subcutaneously into nude mice with Matrigel, and at 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks post-transplantation, the reconstructed eccrine sweat glands were removed and immunostained for FoxA1 and co-immunostained for FoxA1 and eccrine sweat markers, K7, carbonic anhydrase II (CA Ⅱ), gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 (GCDFP-15) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and FoxA1 and sweat secretion-related proteins, Na+ -K+ -ATPase α and Na+ -K+ -2Cl- cotransporter 1 (NKCC1)...
June 14, 2018: Acta Histochemica
K Cizkova, Z Tauber
CYP2C and CYP2 J enzymes, commonly named as cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases, convert arachidonic acid to four regioisomeric epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), biologically active eicosanoids with many functions in organism. EETs are rapidly hydrolysed to less active dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). We investigated spatio-temporal expression pattern of CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2 J2 and sEH in normal human placenta by immunohistochemical method. In the villous trophoblast, CYP2C8 was the most abundant protein...
June 13, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Amanda Maria Sena Reis, Karina Pessoa Oliveira, Isabela Helena Fagundes de Paula, Alisson Paulo da Silva, Júlia Fahrion Tarragô, Natália de Melo Ocarino, Rogéria Serakides
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effects of doses of caffeine administered to pregnant rats on the articular cartilage chondrocytes of their offspring. METHODS: Twenty-four adult Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups, with one control group and three groups being treated with caffeine at doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg throughout pregnancy. At birth, three offspring/females were euthanized so that the chondrocytes could be extracted. At 7, 14 and 21 days of culture, the chondrocytes were subjected to the MTT cell viability assay and an evaluation of their alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen synthesis...
June 12, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Nabila Yousef Abdelhalim, Mohammed Hany Shehata, Hanan Nabih Gadallah, Walaa Mohamed Sayed, Aref Ali Othman
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disease in which the body fails to produce enough insulin or increased tissue resistance to insulin. The diabetes may have profound effects on placental development and function. This study was designed to detect the placental changes in pregnancy associated with DM comparing these changes with normal placenta. The study was carried out on sixty full-term placentae; divided into three equal groups; control group (group I): placentae of normal pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes (group II): placentae from pregnant women whose blood glucose is poorly controlled during pregnancy...
July 2018: Acta Histochemica
Kalahe Hewage Iresha Nadeeka Madushani Herath, So Jin Bing, Jinhee Cho, Areum Kim, Gyeonghun Kim, Ju-Sung Kim, Jae-Bum Kim, Yang Hoi Doh, Youngheun Jee
Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the progression of alcoholic liver diseases and substances of antioxidant property are of special interest for therapeutic purposes. We investigated the hepatoprotective effect of leaf extracts of Sasa quelpaertensis, an edible bamboo mainly cultivated in Jeju Island, South Korea. We examined the cytotoxicity of different extracts (distilled water, 20-80% EtOH) of S. quelpaertensis on HepG2 cells and their hepatoprotective effect on HepG2 cells stimulated by ethanol (800 mM, 24 h)...
July 2018: Acta Histochemica
Daniela Adorno-Farias, Vinícius Rio Verde Melo Muniz, Amanda Pinheiro Soares, Patrícia Ramos Cury, Rosângela Góes Rabelo, Ricardo Fernández-Ramires, Roberto Almeida de Azevedo, Jean Nunes Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma with adenoid features are characterized by the presence of duct-like structures formed from the parenchyma of the tumor. This study was conducted to report a series of eight ameloblastomas with adenoid features, highlighting their clinicopathological and immunohistochemical aspects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Out of 71 cases of ameloblastomas, this study classified 8 cases as ameloblastomas with adenoid features. Clinicopathological data and immunohistochemistry for CK7, CK14, CK19, IMP3, p53 and Ki-67 were evaluated...
July 2018: Acta Histochemica
A Pacwa, E Gorowska-Wojtowicz, A Ptak, P Pawlicki, A Milon, M Sekula, K Lesniak, B Bilinska, A Hejmej, M Kotula-Balak
Estrogen-related receptors (ERRs) α, β and γ appear to be novel molecules implicated in estrogen signaling. We blocked and activated ERRs in mouse (C57BL/6) adrenals and adrenocortical cells (H295R) using pharmacological agents XCT 790 (ERRα antagonist) and DY131 (ERRβ/γ agonist), respectively. Mice were injected with XCT 790 or DY131 (5 μg/kg bw) while cells were exposed to XCT 790 or DY131 (0.5 μg/L). Irrespectively of the agent used, changes in adrenocortical cell morphology along with changes in lutropin, cholesterol levels and estrogen production were found...
July 2018: Acta Histochemica
G B Olea, M V Aguirre, D M Lombardo
In this work, testicular ontogeny is analyzed at the anatomical, histological and immunohistochemical levels; the latter through the detection of GnRHR and PCNA in the testicles of embryos, neonates and juveniles of Columba livia. We analyzed 150 embryos, 25 neonates and 5 juveniles by means of observations under a stereoscopic magnifying glass and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The histological analysis was performed using hematoxylin-eosin staining techniques and the PAS reaction. For the immunohistochemical analysis, the expression of GnRHR and PCNA in embryos corresponding to stages 41, 43 and in neonates of 2, 5, 7 and 75 days post-hatch was revealed in testicular histological preparations...
July 2018: Acta Histochemica
Daniela E Barraza, Renato Zampini, Silvana A Apichela, Joel I Pacheco, Martin E Argañaraz
South American Camelids (SAC) have unique reproductive features, one of which is that 98% of the pregnancies develop in the left uterine horn. Furthermore, early pregnancy is an uncharacterized process in these species, especially in regard to the ultrastructural, biochemical and genetic changes that the uterine epithelial surface undergoes to allow embryo implantation. The present study describes the uterine horn luminal surface and the characteristics of the mucinous glycocalyx in non-pregnant and early pregnant (15 days) female alpacas...
July 2018: Acta Histochemica
Jasmina Sretenovic, Vladimir Ajdzanovic, Vladimir Zivkovic, Ivan Srejovic, Milena Corbic, Verica Milosevic, Vladimir Jakovljevic, Zoran Milosavljevic
Anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) are synthetic analogs of testosterone often used by athletes to increase the skeletal muscle mass. Our goal was to examine the effects of physical activity and physical activity combined with supraphysiological doses of nandrolone on functional morphology of the quadriceps muscle. The study included 32 peripubertal Wistar rats, divided into 4 groups: control (T-N-), nandrolone (T-N+), physical activity (T+N-) and physical activity plus nandrolone (T+N+) groups. The T+N- and T+N+ group swam for 4 weeks, 1 h/day, 5 days/week...
July 2018: Acta Histochemica
Anna T Grazul-Bilska, Arshi Reyaz, Veselina Valkov, Sheri T Dorsam, Dale A Redmer
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is a well characterized gonadotropin that controls primarily development and functions of ovarian follicles in mammalian species. FSH binds to a specific G protein-coupled receptor (FSHR) belonging to the glycoprotein hormone receptor family that plays an essential role in reproduction. Although the primary location of FSHR is in the gonads (mainly in ovarian follicles), FSHR protein and/or mRNA have also been detected in extragonadal female reproductive tissues including embryo, placenta, endometrium, cervix, ovarian cancer tissues, and/or endometriotic lesions in several species...
July 2018: Acta Histochemica
Hamdy Rizk, A F Tohamy, Walaa Mohamed Sayed, Abdelbary Prince
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of Bone marrow derived pancreatic progenitor cells (BM- PPCs) in diabetic rats. It was conducted on 30 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200-220 g. They were divided into three groups: (a) Group 1 was the control group; (b) Group 2 was the diabetic (induced diabetic by a single intraperitoneal (IP) injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (60 mg/kg) and (c) Group 3 was the treated (received injection of 2.5 X 106 BM- PPCs via the tail vein twice with a 21-day time interval)...
July 2018: Acta Histochemica
Igor Buchwalow, Vera Samoilova, Werner Boecker, Markus Tiemann
A general problem in immunocytochemistry is the development of a reliable multiple immunolabeling method with primary antibodies originating from the same host species. When primary antibodies are raised in the same host species, the secondary species-specific antibodies can cross-react with each of the primary antibodies. This obstacle can however be avoided with the use of striping buffers eluting the primary/secondary antibody complex. After elution of the previous primary/secondary antibody complex, the next primary antibody from the same host species can be applied...
July 2018: Acta Histochemica
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