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Acta Histochemica

Mandy Berndt-Paetz, Luise Herbst, Annett Weimann, Andreas Gonsior, Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg, Jochen Neuhaus
PURPOSE: Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) regulate a number of important physiological functions. Alteration of mAChR expression or function has been associated in the etiology of several pathologies including functional bladder disorders (e.g bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis - BPS/IC). In a previous study we found specific mAChR expression patterns associated with BPS/IC, while correlation between protein and gene expression was lacking. Posttranslational regulatory mechanisms, e...
March 15, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Ahmed E Noreldin, Yaser Hosny Ali Elewa, Yasuhiro Kon, Katsuhiko Warita, Yoshinao Z Hosaka
Osteoblast activating peptide (OBAP) is a newly discovered peptide detected in the rat stomach, which has a major role in osteogenesis. Recently, we revealed its localization in the parietal cells of the rat stomach. There have been no data regarding OBAP expression in the kidney, despite its role in calcium reabsorption in renal tubules. The current study aimed to inspect the expression of OBAP in the kidney of twelve 10-week-old male C3H/HeNJc1 mice using immunohistochemistry, and immunoelectron microscopic localization...
March 10, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Nahla Reda Sarhan, Nesreen Moustafa Omar
Tadalafil (Cialis) is one of the most commonly used phosphodiesterase type5 (PDE5) inhibitors. This work aimed to analyze the histological and ultrastructural changes provoked by chronic tadalafil administration in the rat retina, correlate between such changes and PDE5 immunoexpression and to evaluate the possible reversibility of these changes. Thirty Sprague Dawley male rats were randomly distributed into 3 groups. Control group; given 1 ml distilled water daily for 6 weeks. Tadalafil group; given tadalafil in a daily dose of 2...
March 8, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Reza Khorramirouz, Jason L Go, Christopher Noble, Soumen Jana, Eva Maxson, Amir Lerman, Melissa D Young
OBJECTIVES: Subcutaneous implantations in small animal models are currently required for preclinical studies of acellular tissue to evaluate biocompatibility, including host recellularization and immunogenic reactivity. METHODS: Three rat subcutaneous implantation methods were evaluated in six Sprague Dawley rats. An acellular xenograft made from porcine pericardium was used as the tissue-scaffold. Three implantation methods were performed; 1) Suture method is where a tissue-scaffold was implanted by suturing its border to the external oblique muscle, 2) Control method is where a tissue-scaffold was implanted without any suturing or support, 3) Frame method is where a tissue-scaffold was attached to a circular frame composed of polycaprolactone (PCL) biomaterial and placed subcutaneously...
March 5, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Leniz F Nurullin, Evgeny E Nikolsky, Artem I Malomouzh
It is generally accepted that gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a signaling molecule abundant in central synapses. In a number of studies though, it has been shown that GABA signaling functions in the peripheral nervous system as well, in particular, in the synapses of sympathetic ganglia. However, there exists no firm evidence on the presence of GABAergic signaling cascade in the intercellular junctions of the somatic nerve system. By the use of immunohistochemistry methods, in the synaptic area of cholinergic neuromuscular contact in rat diaphragm, we have detected glutamate decarboxylase, the enzyme involved in synthesis of GABA, molecules of GABA, and also GAT-2, a protein responsible for transmembrane transport of GABA...
February 26, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Juan C Stockert, Richard W Horobin, Lucas L Colombo, Alfonso Blázquez-Castro
For many years various tetrazolium salts and their formazan products have been employed in histochemistry and for assessing cell viability. For the latter application, the most widely used are 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), and 5-cyano-2,3-di-(p-tolyl)-tetrazolium chloride (CTC) for viability assays of eukaryotic cells and bacteria, respectively. In these cases, the nicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide (NAD(P)H) coenzyme and dehydrogenases from metabolically active cells reduce tetrazolium salts to strongly colored and lipophilic formazan products, which are then quantified by absorbance (MTT) or fluorescence (CTC)...
February 26, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Giovanna Liguori, Simona Tafuri, Chika Miyoshi, Masashi Yanagisawa, Caterina Squillacioti, Valeria De Pasquale, Nicola Mirabella, Alfredo Vittoria, Anna Costagliola
The peptides orexin A (OXA) and orexin B (OXB) derived from the proteolytic cleavage of a common precursor molecule, prepro-orexin, were originally described in the rat hypothalamus. Successively, they have been found in many other brain regions as well as in peripheral organs of mammals and other less evolved animals. The widespread localization of orexins accounts for the multiple activities that they exert in the body, including the regulation of energy homeostasis, feeding, metabolism, sleep and arousal, stress, addiction, and cardiovascular and endocrine functions...
February 26, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Surang Chomphoo, Sawetree Pakkarato, Tarinee Sawatpanich, Hiroyuki Sakagami, Hisatake Kondo, Wiphawi Hipkaeo
EFA6 (exchange factor for ARF6) activates Arf6 (ADP ribosylation factor 6) by exchanging ADP to ATP and the resulting activated form of Arf6 is involved in the membrane trafficking and actin remodeling of cells. Our previous study has shown the selective expression/localization of EFA6D in steroidogenic adrenocortical cells in situ of adult mice. In view of the previous finding, the present study was undertaken to examine its localization in mouse Leydig cells representing another steroidogenic cell species in order to further support the possible involvement of the EFA6/Arf6 cascade via membrane trafficking in the regulation of steroidogenesis and/or secretion...
February 26, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Basma Emad Aboulhoda, Eid Nassar Ali
BACKGROUND: Despite enormous progresses in understanding pathophysiology of the lower urinary tract, antimuscarinics remain the chief clinically well-established approach for improving symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB). Dry mouth on the other hand remains one of the most untolerated systemic side effects of these drugs that limits their uses and results in high discontinuation rate. Three novel drugs have been recently approved by US Food and Drug Administration for treatment of OAB: trospium, darifenacin, and solifenacin...
February 26, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Lucio Díaz-Flores, Ricardo Gutiérrez, M ª Pino García, M González-Gómez, Francisco J Sáez, Lucio Díaz-Flores, José Luis Carrasco, Juan F Madrid
Sinusoidal hemangioma, characterized by interconnecting thin-walled vascular spaces, may present papillae/pseudo-papillae and zones that resemble intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH). Our objectives are to explore the existence of zones in IPEH with sinusoidal hemangioma characteristics, the mechanism of papillary and septa formation in sinusoidal hemangioma and the comparison of this mechanism with that in IPEH. For these purposes, specimens of 4 cases of each entity were selected and studied by serial histologic sections and by immunochemistry and immunofluorescence procedures...
February 25, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Islam N Mohamed, Nahla Reda Sarhan, Mohamed Ahmed Eladl, Azza B El-Remessy, Mohamed El-Sherbiny
Endemic prevalence of obesity is associated with alarming increases in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with limited available therapeutics. Toll-like receptor2 (TLR2) and Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) Inflammasome are implicated in hepatic steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis; the histological landmark stages of NASH. TXNIP, a member of α-arrestin family activates NLRP3 in response to various danger stimuli. The aim of current work was to investigate the effect of TXNIP genetic deletion on histological manifestations of high fat diet-induced steatohepatitis and activation of TLR2-NLRP3-inflammasome axis...
February 23, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Zoltán Tóth, András Mihály, Adrienne Mátyás, Beáta Krisztin-Péva
The aim of the present study was to examine the role of ionotropic glutamate receptors in the cerebellum during generalized seizures. Epileptic neuronal activation was evaluated through the immunohistochemical detection of c-fos protein in the cerebellar cortex. Generalized seizures were precipitated by the intraperitoneal injection of 4-aminopyridine. The animals were pretreated with the NMDA receptor antagonists MK-801 (2 mg/kg), amantadine (50 mg/kg), and the AMPA receptor antagonist GYKI 52466 hydrochloride (50 mg/kg)...
February 22, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Milena Stošić, Milica Matavulj, Jelena Marković
Acrylamide (AA) is a toxic substance, used to synthesize polymers for industrial and laboratory processes. Also, AA is a food contaminant formed during the high temperature preparation of carbohydrate-rich food. The main subject of this study was to examine effects of subchronic AA treatment on the islets of Langerhans of adult rats. Adult male Wistar rats were orally treated with 25 or 50 mg/kg bw of AA for 3 weeks. Qualitative and quantitative immunohistochemical evaluation of glucagon and insulin expression and stereological analyses of pancreatic alpha and beta cells were performed...
February 14, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Lina Qi, Jingle Jiang, Pengjin Jin, Meiqian Kuang, Quanwei Wei, Fangxiong Shi, Dagan Mao
To study the expression patterns of claudin-5 and its related signals during luteal regression in rats, a sequential PMSG/hCG treatment paradigm was used to obtain a single, well-defined generation of corpus luteum (CL). A total of 35 rats were treated with one PGF or two PGF at an interval of 24 h from day 7 of pseudopregnancy to induce CL regression. Serum and ovaries were collected at 0, 2, 4, 8 or 24 h after one PGF injection (1 PGF), 2 or 24 h after two PGF injections (2 PGF). The serum progesterone level was detected by RIA; the ovarian expression of claudin-5, the phosphorylations of STAT3 (p-STAT3), Akt (p-Akt), ERK1/2 (p-ERK) and p38 MAPK (p-p38) were detected by western blot, real-time PCR and IHC...
February 12, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Puangwan Lapthanasupkul, Rachai Juengsomjit, Sopee Poomsawat, Tawepong Arayapisit
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are repressive chromatin modifiers required for proliferation and development. PcG proteins form two large repressive complexes, namely, Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 and 2. These proteins have been shown to drive tumorigenesis by repressing cell-type specific sets of target genes. Using immunohistochemistry, we investigated the expression patterns of five human PcG proteins, including Bmi-1, Ring1b, Mel-18, Ezh2, and Suz12, in various cellular components of odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs), ameloblastomas and, pericoronal follicles (PFs)...
February 4, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Tina Becic, Darko Kero, Katarina Vukojevic, Snjezana Mardesic, Mirna Saraga-Babic
The expression pattern of fibroblast growth factors FGF8 and FGF2 and their receptor FGFR1, transcription factors MSX-1 and MSX-2, as well as cell proliferation (Ki-67) and cell death associated caspase-3, p19 and RIP5 factors were analyzed in histological sections of eight 4th-9th-weeks developing human limbs by immunohistochemistry and semi-thin sectioning. Increasing expression of all analyzed factors (except FGF8) characterized both the multilayered human apical ectodermal ridge (AER), sub-ridge mesenchyme (progress zone) and chondrocytes in developing human limbs...
February 3, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Singo Fukumoto, Kiyoto Kanbara, Masashi Neo
Chondrosarcoma is a malignant bone tumor that produces cartilaginous neoplastic tissue. Owing to the absence of an effective adjuvant therapy, high-grade chondrosarcoma has a poor prognosis. Therefore, it is important to develop an effective adjuvant therapy to prevent the recurrence and metastasis. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a central regulator of cell growth, metabolism, proliferation, and survival, is considered an important target for anticancer drug development. The mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway is another highly implicated cellular pathway in cancer and is thought to have compensatory effects in response to the inhibition of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway...
February 2, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Rahime Sekerci, Nuray Acar, Filiz Tepekoy, Ismail Ustunel, Nigar Keles-Celik
Hypertension is an important health problem that is manifested by systemic arterial blood pressure being permanently elevated and leading to serious complications. Hypertension is the basis for coronary heart diseases, heart failure, kidney damage, cerebrovascular diseases. Due to ethical concerns, there is no detailed study of the mechanism, side effects and treatment of hypertension in humans. For this reason, specific studies related to the organ of hypertension are performed in experimental animals. The heart and kidney tissue, which are the most important organs that hypertension has damaged, have formed specific organs of our work...
January 29, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Raquel Pascua-Maestro, Miriam Corraliza-Gomez, Sergio Diez-Hermano, Candido Perez-Segurado, María D Ganfornina, Diego Sanchez
The MTT assay was the first widely accepted method to assess cytotoxicity and cell viability. However, there is controversy on whether this indicator is a useful tool. In this work we intend to expand the interpretability of the MTT study by its combination with widely used cellular biology techniques. We propose complementary approaches to the colorimetric assay, based on the use of measurements in three different settings: confocal microscopy, multi-well plate assay and flow cytometry. Using confocal microscopy, we confirmed that MTT uptake and reduction by cells is a time-dependent process, and that formazan accumulates in round-shaped organelles...
January 26, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Madina Sifi, Roza Benabdesselam, Sabrina Souttou, Tiziana Annese, Alvaro Rendon, Beatrice Nico, Latifa Dorbani-Mamine
Dystrophin (Dp) is a multidomain protein that links the actin cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix through the dystrophin associated proteins complex (DAPC). Dp of 71 kDa (Dp71), corresponding to the COOH-terminal domain of dystrophin, and α1-syntrophin (α1Syn) as the principal component of the DAPC, are strongly expressed in the brain. To clarify their involvement in the central control of osmotic homeostasis, we investigated the effect of 14 days of salt loading (with drinking water containing 2% NaCl) and then reversibly to 30 days of normal hydration (with drinking water without salt), first on the expression by western-blotting and the distribution by immunochemistry of Dp71 and α1Syn in the SON of the rat and, second, on the level of some physiological parameters, as the plasma osmolality, natremia and hematocrit...
January 26, 2018: Acta Histochemica
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