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International Journal of Aging & Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792247/role-of-emotion-and-cognition-on-age-differences-in-the-framing-effect
#1
Bingyan Pu, Huamao Peng, Shiyong Xia
Framing effect studies indicate that individuals are risk averse for decisions framed as gains but risk-seeking for decisions framed as losses. Findings of age-related differences in susceptibility to framing are mixed. In the current study, we examined emotional arousal in two decision tasks (life saving vs. money gambling) to evaluate the effects of emotion on age differences in the framing effect. When cognitive abilities and styles were controlled, there was a framing effect in the younger group in the life-saving task, a high-emotional arousal task, while older adults did not display this classic framing effect pattern...
September 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030970/health-communication-with-same-sex-and-other-sex-friends-in-emerging-adulthood
#2
Brian Ayotte, Clare Mehta, Jacqueline Alfonso
Objective We examined health-related communication between same-sex and other-sex friends and how communication was related to health-related behavior. Participants Data from 243 emerging adults attending college ( Mage = 18.96, SD = 1.43; 55.6% male) were analyzed. Methods Participants completed measures assessing the frequency in which they talked about and made plans to engage in exercise and nutrition-related behaviors with friends, as well as how often they engaged in exercise and nutrition-related behaviors...
September 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466684/words-matter
#3
Rachael Spalding, Elissa Kozlov, Brian D Carpenter
Palliative care consultation teams (PCCTs) provide input to other health-care providers working with patients who have life-limiting disease. This study examines whether the diction and phrasing of consultation recommendations in the electronic health record influence their implementation. We reviewed 288 verbatim PCCT recommendations that were made for 111 unique patients in a Veterans Affairs hospital and available in the electronic health record. Recommendations were coded for linguistic features, such as the presence of conditionals (e...
June 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195015/the-effect-of-catastrophic-health-expenditure-on-work-after-retirement
#4
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Arash Rashidian, Mohamad Arab, Ali Souri
Several factors can force retirees to go to paid work. Catastrophic health-care expenditure (CHCE) is one of the driving forces for retirees to go to paid work. This cross-sectional study was based on 6,307 Iran retirees' data. Xu method was used to calculate CHCE, and a logit model was estimated to show the association between CHCE and bridge employment. Other control variables were added to the model. The findings showed that there was positive relationship between CHCE and bridge employment. Retirement pension had negative relationship with work after retirement...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195014/the-great-recession-life-events-and-mental-health-of-older-adults
#5
Rachel Pruchno, Allison R Heid, Maureen Wilson-Genderson
Historical events and personal experiences have the potential to alter the way people age. Using a life-course model, we examined how the Economic Recession of 2008 and experienced life events affected the mental health of 3,393 older adults in New Jersey. Data collected between 2006 and 2012 revealed a significant increase in mean depressive symptoms. Multinomial logistic regression analyses indicated that people with incident depression were more likely to have lost a job, become a caregiver, experienced a major illness, or have a family member with a major illness than people with no depression...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195013/betrayal-trauma-in-youth-and-negative-communication-during-a-stressful-task
#6
Vanessa M Jacoby, Elisa Krackow, Joseph R Scotti
Attachment-based theories and related research illustrate that emotion regulation develops in the context of a secure relationship between a child and caregiver. When a secure bond is broken, such as in the context of betrayal trauma, children fail to develop necessary emotion regulation skills which can lead to an array of relational problems. The current study examined the relations between betrayal trauma history, type of communication during a stressful interpersonal laboratory task, and emotion regulation difficulties in a sample of trauma-exposed adolescents...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195012/aging-in-the-context-of-life-events
#7
Julie Hicks Patrick, Amy Knepple Carney, Abigail M Nehrkorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195011/childhood-misfortune-and-adult-health-in-a-national-study
#8
Jiyoung Lyu, Stefan Agrigoroaei
This study investigated the relationship between childhood misfortune and 10-year change in health and whether this relationship was mediated by the quality of social relations. We used data from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) national longitudinal study, 1995-1996 (Time 1) and 2005-2006 (Time 2). Childhood misfortune was measured at Time 1 using indicators of financial strain, family structure, and abuse. Self-rated physical and mental health indicators were obtained at both occasions. The measure of quality of social relations was based on items relative to social support and social strain from spouse, friends, and family at Time 1...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814109/older-adults-in-rural-appalachia-preference-and-expectations-for-future-care
#9
Raven H Weaver, Karen A Roberto, Rosemary Blieszner
Little is known about how rural-dwelling older adults anticipate and plan for future care needs. Using a mixed-method explanatory design, structural equation modeling ( n = 535) revealed significant associations between concerns about using services on preference for type of help; preference was associated with likelihood of using future services. Content analysis of interview data from 19 older adults who needed but were not receiving help revealed how they conceptualize their need for assistance and anticipated future care arrangements...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789561/age-differences-in-stress-and-coping-problem-focused-strategies-mediate-the-relationship-between-age-and-positive-affect
#10
Yiwei Chen, Yisheng Peng, Huanzhen Xu, William H O'Brien
The present study examined the different types of stressors experienced by adults of different ages, their coping strategies, and positive/negative affect. A mediation hypothesis of coping strategies was tested on the relationships between age and positive/negative affect. One-hundred and ninety-six community-dwelling adults (age range 18-89 years) reported the most stressful situation they experienced in the past month and coping strategies. Levels of positive and negative affect in the past month were also measured...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748709/aging-perceptions-in-older-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-portugal-a-qualitative-study
#11
Henrique Pereira, Juan Pedro Serrano, Brian de Vries, Graça Esgalhado, Rosa Marina Afonso, Samuel Monteiro
Aims and Objectives The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions toward aging among Portuguese gay and bisexual men over 60 years old. Background Despite the growth of the older population, and the increased visibility and acceptance of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people in Western countries, the experience of aging in older gay and bisexual men is only beginning to be understood. Design We used a qualitative research methodology, based on critical gerontology, for establishing research questions and to identify the perspectives on the aging process in older gay and bisexual individuals...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718299/felt-age-desired-and-expected-lifetime-in-the-context-of-health-well-being-and-successful-aging
#12
Neala Ambrosi-Randić, Marina Nekić, Ivana Tucak Junaković
This study examines the interrelations of three different aspects of the subjective age: felt, desired and expected, as well as their relations with the chronological age (CA), health, and psychological well-being variables. Four hundred and twenty-three community-dwelling Croatian adults, aged 60-95 years, participated in the study. All three subjective age measures significantly correlated with the CA. Self-rated health were better predictors of the subjective age compared to the psychological variables. Among psychological variables, successful aging was the only significant predictor of the felt and expected age, while optimism showed to be the only significant predictor of the desired age...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718294/impact-of-social-integration-and-living-arrangements-on-korean-older-adults-depression-a-moderation-model
#13
Youjung Lee, Kyeonghee Jang, Naorah C Lockhart
Depression among older adults is a challenging public health concern in Korea. Using panel data from the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs on Korean older adults and their family caregivers, this study explores significant predictors of depression among Korean older adults as well as the moderating effect of living arrangements on the association between social integration and depression. A multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that preexisting depression was the most significant predictor of Korean older adults' current depression, followed by health status and family support...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592136/relationship-of-depression-with-executive-functions-and-visuospatial-memory-in-elderly
#14
Monika Klojčnik, Voyko Kavcic, Karin Bakracevic Vukman
Cognitive deficits are a potential part of the clinical picture of depression, especially when it comes to late-life depression. The present study was carried out to establish whether distinctive cognitive deficiencies can be linked with depression in the late-life period, especially in executive functioning, working memory, and visuospatial memory. Our sample consisted of 71 seniors in the age range between 69 and 85 years. A battery of neurocognitive tests was used, including tests of executive functioning (Trail Making Test [TMT], part B, Stroop color word test, semantic word fluency test, and partially Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure test [ROCF]), tests of attention and working memory (TMT, part A and digit span), and test of visuospatil ability and memory (ROCF)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560895/age-diversity-in-the-workplace
#15
Jie Yang, Christina Matz-Costa
Although having a younger supervisor or a supervisor of a similar age runs counter to the traditional older supervisor-younger subordinate norm, it is becoming increasingly common in the 21st-century workplace. The current study uses theories of relational demography and relational norms as well as Selective Optimization with Compensation theory and the job demands-resources model to understand how relational age within supervisor-employee dyads influences workers' engagement. Cross-sectional data from a multiworksite (U...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537133/impact-of-the-educational-boost-your-brain-and-memory-program-among-senior-living-residents
#16
Roscoe Nicholson, Catherine O'Brien
This random assignment waitlist control intervention study examined an implementation of the educational Boost Your Brain and Memory cognitive fitness intervention in 12 senior living organizations. Older adult participants ( n = 166) completed measures of brain health knowledge, use of memory techniques, physical and intellectual activity, and mindfulness, at baseline and after the intervention group's completion of the course. Changes in knowledge scores and in self-reported physical and intellectual activity increased significantly more for intervention participants than for waitlist controls at the conclusion of the course...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537132/correlates-of-the-attitude-toward-life-sustaining-treatment
#17
Yuri Jang, Soo Young Kim, Sujie Chang
The goal of the present study was to examine factors associated with the attitude toward life-sustaining treatment among older adults in South Korea. Focus was given to sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, education, financial status, and religious affiliation), family-related variables (presence of a spouse, children, and a living parent [or in-law]), and health-related variables (chronic conditions, functional disability, and self-rated health). Using data from 6,895 participants (aged 65-97) in the 2014 Korean National Elderly Survey, logistic regression model was tested...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429601/later-life-preparation-patterns-on-depression-among-korean-baby-boom-generations
#18
Seok In Nam, Junpyo Kim, Jimin Shin, Arram Yim
The aim of this study was to examine the later-life preparation pattern of Korean baby boomers and its effect on depression. Using the fourth wave of Korean Retirement and Income Study, later-life preparation was measured by economic, physical, and psychological preparation, and leisure, and family relationship satisfaction. The data analysis included latent class analysis, correlations, multiple logistic regression, and analysis of variance. Later-life patterns of Korean baby boomers were classified as high-level (35...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413885/understanding-latino-grandparents-raising-grandchildren-through-a-bioecological-lens
#19
Angela Nancy Mendoza, Christine A Fruhauf, Kimberly Bundy-Fazioli, Joyce Weil
The purpose of this article is to provide a summary of the published research addressing the challenges and strengths of Latino grandparents raising grandchildren in the United States. Using the bioecological framework as a guide to organize and understand the published literature addressing Latino grandparent caregivers, we examined refereed articles published over the past 19 years. This framework provides a lens for understanding and situating research on Latino grandparents raising grandchildren to discover Latino grandparents' strengths and challenges...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391702/aging-with-purpose
#20
Justine Irving, Sandra Davis, Aileen Collier
Purpose can provide a sense of intentionality, guide behavior to achieve personal aims and living objectives, and may offer insight into how and why certain people remain healthy over time. A review of the literature sought to identify contemporary research pertaining to purpose and older adults. Thirty-one studies were selected for evaluation based on inclusion criteria. Research outcomes suggest that greater reported purpose is related to a range of better health and well-being outcomes for older adults. With few exceptions, the literature demonstrates that purpose declines with age...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
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