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International Journal of Aging & Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195015/the-effect-of-catastrophic-health-expenditure-on-work-after-retirement
#1
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Arash Rashidian, Mohamad Arab, Ali Souri
Several factors can force retirees to go to paid work. Catastrophic health-care expenditure (CHCE) is one of the driving forces for retirees to go to paid work. This cross-sectional study was based on 6,307 Iran retirees' data. Xu method was used to calculate CHCE, and a logit model was estimated to show the association between CHCE and bridge employment. Other control variables were added to the model. The findings showed that there was positive relationship between CHCE and bridge employment. Retirement pension had negative relationship with work after retirement...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195014/the-great-recession-life-events-and-mental-health-of-older-adults
#2
Rachel Pruchno, Allison R Heid, Maureen Wilson-Genderson
Historical events and personal experiences have the potential to alter the way people age. Using a life-course model, we examined how the Economic Recession of 2008 and experienced life events affected the mental health of 3,393 older adults in New Jersey. Data collected between 2006 and 2012 revealed a significant increase in mean depressive symptoms. Multinomial logistic regression analyses indicated that people with incident depression were more likely to have lost a job, become a caregiver, experienced a major illness, or have a family member with a major illness than people with no depression...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195013/betrayal-trauma-in-youth-and-negative-communication-during-a-stressful-task
#3
Vanessa M Jacoby, Elisa Krackow, Joseph R Scotti
Attachment-based theories and related research illustrate that emotion regulation develops in the context of a secure relationship between a child and caregiver. When a secure bond is broken, such as in the context of betrayal trauma, children fail to develop necessary emotion regulation skills which can lead to an array of relational problems. The current study examined the relations between betrayal trauma history, type of communication during a stressful interpersonal laboratory task, and emotion regulation difficulties in a sample of trauma-exposed adolescents...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195012/aging-in-the-context-of-life-events
#4
Julie Hicks Patrick, Amy Knepple Carney, Abigail M Nehrkorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195011/childhood-misfortune-and-adult-health-in-a-national-study
#5
Jiyoung Lyu, Stefan Agrigoroaei
This study investigated the relationship between childhood misfortune and 10-year change in health and whether this relationship was mediated by the quality of social relations. We used data from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) national longitudinal study, 1995-1996 (Time 1) and 2005-2006 (Time 2). Childhood misfortune was measured at Time 1 using indicators of financial strain, family structure, and abuse. Self-rated physical and mental health indicators were obtained at both occasions. The measure of quality of social relations was based on items relative to social support and social strain from spouse, friends, and family at Time 1...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429601/later-life-preparation-patterns-on-depression-among-korean-baby-boom-generations
#6
Seok In Nam, Junpyo Kim, Jimin Shin, Arram Yim
The aim of this study was to examine the later-life preparation pattern of Korean baby boomers and its effect on depression. Using the fourth wave of Korean Retirement and Income Study, later-life preparation was measured by economic, physical, and psychological preparation, and leisure, and family relationship satisfaction. The data analysis included latent class analysis, correlations, multiple logistic regression, and analysis of variance. Later-life patterns of Korean baby boomers were classified as high-level (35...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413885/understanding-latino-grandparents-raising-grandchildren-through-a-bioecological-lens
#7
Angela Nancy Mendoza, Christine A Fruhauf, Kimberly Bundy-Fazioli, Joyce Weil
The purpose of this article is to provide a summary of the published research addressing the challenges and strengths of Latino grandparents raising grandchildren in the United States. Using the bioecological framework as a guide to organize and understand the published literature addressing Latino grandparent caregivers, we examined refereed articles published over the past 19 years. This framework provides a lens for understanding and situating research on Latino grandparents raising grandchildren to discover Latino grandparents' strengths and challenges...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391702/aging-with-purpose
#8
Justine Irving, Sandra Davis, Aileen Collier
Purpose can provide a sense of intentionality, guide behavior to achieve personal aims and living objectives, and may offer insight into how and why certain people remain healthy over time. A review of the literature sought to identify contemporary research pertaining to purpose and older adults. Thirty-one studies were selected for evaluation based on inclusion criteria. Research outcomes suggest that greater reported purpose is related to a range of better health and well-being outcomes for older adults. With few exceptions, the literature demonstrates that purpose declines with age...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387132/a-comparative-study-of-undergraduates-attitudes-toward-aging-in-taiwan-and-the-united-states-through-student-drawings
#9
Chih-Ling Liou
The purpose of this study is to compare similarities and differences in the attitudes toward aging among college students from Taiwan and the United States; 128 Taiwanese students and 124 U.S. students participated in this study. The findings indicate that the majority of students from both countries viewed aging as consisting primarily of physical changes. The differences are the U.S. students' drawings showing physical decline along with hospitals, nursing homes, or death, whereas Taiwanese students presenting physical decline as getting wrinkles, wearing glasses, or needing aid devices...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378616/effect-of-life-events-social-supports-and-personality-on-mental-status-in-later-life
#10
Kyuho Lee, Marissa Holst, Peter Martin, Leonard W Poon
The goal of this study was to explore the influences of proximal and distal life events on mental status in later life. Additionally, life events were categorized into positive and negative experiences. Data from 208 older adults over 80 years of age from the Georgia Centenarian Study were included in this study. Results from a series of blockwise regression analyses indicated that the number of distal negative life events that older adults had experienced was a predictor of older adults' better mental status...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351155/the-creative-benefits-scale
#11
Carolyn E Adams-Price, Danielle K Nadorff, Linda W Morse, Katherine T Davis, Melanie A Stearns
Long-term participation in creative activities has benefits for middle-aged and older people that may improve their adaptation to later life. We first investigated the factor structure of the Creative Benefits Scale and then used it to construct a model to help explain the connection between generativity and life satisfaction in adults who participated in creative hobbies. Participants included 546 adults between the ages of 40 and 88 (Mean = 58.30 years) who completed measures of life satisfaction, generativity, and the Creative Benefits Scale with its factors of Identity, Calming, Spirituality, and Recognition...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152604/a-dyadic-examination-of-marital-quality-at-the-empty-nest-phase
#12
Geneviève Bouchard
This study aims to achieve a better understanding of the later stages of the family life cycle by exploring couples' marital quality during the empty-nest years of their relationships, using the actor-partner interdependence mediation model. The empty nest is the family stage that begins with the departure of children from home. In the hypothesized model of marital quality, husbands' and wives' satisfaction at having raised successful children serve as predictor variables, whereas their levels of perceived stress act as mediators...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114827/international-perspectives-on-grandparents-raising-grandchildren
#13
Megan L Dolbin-MacNab, Loriena A Yancura
Globally, it is common for grandparents to serve as surrogate parents to their grandchildren, often in response to family crises and other challenges such as poverty, disease epidemics, and migration. Despite the global nature of this intergenerational caregiving arrangement, there have been few contextually focused examinations of how grandparents' surrogate parenting roles are enacted across countries and cultures. This analytic review addresses this issue by exploring demographic and cultural contexts, needs and experiences, and formal and informal supports for grandparents raising grandchildren in four diverse countries: China, New Zealand, Romania, and South Africa...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114826/a-population-based-survey-to-determine-association-of-perceived-social-support-and-self-efficacy-with-self-care-among-elderly-with-diabetes-mellitus-kerman-city-iran
#14
Vahidreza Borhaninejad, Mohsen Shati, Devender Bhalla, Abedin Iranpour, Reza Fadayevatan
This survey examined association between social support and self-efficacy with self-care in elderly with diabetes. A total of 374 subjects were identified in Kerman city, Iran who responded to questionnaires on self-care, social support, and self-efficacy. Data were analyzed by using SPSS. Along with customary descriptive statistics, we also determined group difference for self-care, and Pearson correlation, and prediction value of various variables by using hierarchical multiple regression. And 67.37% of subjects were classified as poor adherence to self-care; 55...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105868/why-are-older-people-often-so-responsible-and-considerate-even-when-their-future-seems-limited-a-systematic-review
#15
Simon A Moss, Samuel G Wilson
Socioemotional selectivity theory assumes that older individuals tend to perceive their identity or life as limited in time and, therefore, prioritize meaningful relationships. Yet, other research shows that people who perceive their identity as limited in time tend to behave impulsively-contrary to the behavior of many older individuals. To redress this paradox, this article reports a systematic review, comprising 86 papers, that examined the consequences of whether individuals perceive their identity as limited or enduring...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105867/death-attitudes-among-middle-aged-koreans
#16
Michin Hong, Seunghye Hong, Margaret E Adamek, Mee Hye Kim
The purpose of this study was to examine factors affecting death attitudes among middle-aged Koreans. In addition, the study explored the interaction effect between knowledge about end-of-life care planning and the experience of death of family or friends on death attitudes. The sample was obtained from a national survey with middle-aged adults in South Korea ( n = 2,026). Multivariate regression analysis revealed significant main effects and an interaction effect between knowledge about end-of-life care planning and the experience of death on death attitudes...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093923/cultural-differences-in-young-adults-perceptions-of-the-probability-of-future-family-life-events
#17
Calandra Speirs, Vivian Huang, Candace Konnert
Most young adults are exposed to family caregiving; however, little is known about their perceptions of their future caregiving activities such as the probability of becoming a caregiver for their parents or providing assistance in relocating to a nursing home. This study examined the perceived probability of these events among 182 young adults and the following predictors of their probability ratings: gender, ethnicity, work or volunteer experience, experiences with caregiving and nursing homes, expectations about these transitions, and filial piety...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084077/growing-up-on-an-appalachian-farm
#18
Ezra C Holston, Bonnie Callen
Background Research on centenarians to date has focused on areas with a high population of centenarians. However, there is limited literature on centenarians' perspectives about growing up on farms from the heartland of Appalachia in Eastern Tennessee. Purpose This qualitative descriptive study was designed to characterize the role of a farming childhood by exploring the viewpoints of community-dwelling centenarians who grew up on farms in south central Appalachia. Methods A qualitative descriptive design was used with a convenience sample ( n = 16)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071094/relationship-between-subjectively-evaluated-health-and-fear-of-death-among-elderly-in-three-cultural-contexts
#19
Jan Hofer, Holger Busch, Iva Poláčková Šolcová, Peter Tavel
It is often argued that declining health in elderly people makes death more salient and threatening. However, we argue that health, optimism, and social support interact to predict fear of death in samples from Cameroon, the Czech Republic, and Germany. Low health was associated with enhanced fear of death for participants who received only little social support. As the measure of optimism did not comply with psychometric requirements in the Cameroonian sample, the three-way interaction was tested only in the Czech and German samples...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058961/purpose-and-meaning-in-life-and-job-satisfaction-among-the-aged
#20
Jaywon Lee, Dongjoon Cho, Yu Jin Suh
This study investigates the relationship between purpose and meaning in life and job satisfaction among the aged. This issue is quite timely since there has been an increase in the employment rate of senior citizens in Asian countries due to the insufficient working-age population. We survey 228 seniors who are older than 55 years in South Korea. Our results suggest that purpose and meaning in life are highly associated with overall job satisfaction among the aged. We also find that vocation mediates the relationship between purpose and meaning in life and job satisfaction...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
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