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International Journal of Aging & Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105868/why-are-older-people-often-so-responsible-and-considerate-even-when-their-future-seems-limited-a-systematic-review
#1
Simon A Moss, Samuel G Wilson
Socioemotional selectivity theory assumes that older individuals tend to perceive their identity or life as limited in time and, therefore, prioritize meaningful relationships. Yet, other research shows that people who perceive their identity as limited in time tend to behave impulsively-contrary to the behavior of many older individuals. To redress this paradox, this article reports a systematic review, comprising 86 papers, that examined the consequences of whether individuals perceive their identity as limited or enduring...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105867/death-attitudes-among-middle-aged-koreans
#2
Michin Hong, Seunghye Hong, Margaret E Adamek, Mee Hye Kim
The purpose of this study was to examine factors affecting death attitudes among middle-aged Koreans. In addition, the study explored the interaction effect between knowledge about end-of-life care planning and the experience of death of family or friends on death attitudes. The sample was obtained from a national survey with middle-aged adults in South Korea ( n = 2,026). Multivariate regression analysis revealed significant main effects and an interaction effect between knowledge about end-of-life care planning and the experience of death on death attitudes...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093923/cultural-differences-in-young-adults-perceptions-of-the-probability-of-future-family-life-events
#3
Calandra Speirs, Vivian Huang, Candace Konnert
Most young adults are exposed to family caregiving; however, little is known about their perceptions of their future caregiving activities such as the probability of becoming a caregiver for their parents or providing assistance in relocating to a nursing home. This study examined the perceived probability of these events among 182 young adults and the following predictors of their probability ratings: gender, ethnicity, work or volunteer experience, experiences with caregiving and nursing homes, expectations about these transitions, and filial piety...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084077/growing-up-on-an-appalachian-farm
#4
Ezra C Holston, Bonnie Callen
Background Research on centenarians to date has focused on areas with a high population of centenarians. However, there is limited literature on centenarians' perspectives about growing up on farms from the heartland of Appalachia in Eastern Tennessee. Purpose This qualitative descriptive study was designed to characterize the role of a farming childhood by exploring the viewpoints of community-dwelling centenarians who grew up on farms in south central Appalachia. Methods A qualitative descriptive design was used with a convenience sample ( n = 16)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071094/relationship-between-subjectively-evaluated-health-and-fear-of-death-among-elderly-in-three-cultural-contexts
#5
Jan Hofer, Holger Busch, Iva Poláčková Šolcová, Peter Tavel
It is often argued that declining health in elderly people makes death more salient and threatening. However, we argue that health, optimism, and social support interact to predict fear of death in samples from Cameroon, the Czech Republic, and Germany. Low health was associated with enhanced fear of death for participants who received only little social support. As the measure of optimism did not comply with psychometric requirements in the Cameroonian sample, the three-way interaction was tested only in the Czech and German samples...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058961/purpose-and-meaning-in-life-and-job-satisfaction-among-the-aged
#6
Jaywon Lee, Dongjoon Cho, Yu Jin Suh
This study investigates the relationship between purpose and meaning in life and job satisfaction among the aged. This issue is quite timely since there has been an increase in the employment rate of senior citizens in Asian countries due to the insufficient working-age population. We survey 228 seniors who are older than 55 years in South Korea. Our results suggest that purpose and meaning in life are highly associated with overall job satisfaction among the aged. We also find that vocation mediates the relationship between purpose and meaning in life and job satisfaction...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058960/retrospective-reports-of-childhood-misfortune-are-associated-with-positive-and-negative-affect-in-adulthood
#7
Nicholas A Turiano, Nicole M Silva, Courtney McDonald, Patrick L Hill
Childhood misfortune refers to nonnormative experiences individuals encounter at younger ages that affect development across the life span. This study examined whether retrospectively reported childhood misfortune was associated with negative and positive affect in adulthood. In addition, we explored whether perceived control beliefs would moderate these associations. We used archival data from 6,067 adults ( Mage = 46.86; range = 20-75) from the Midlife Development in the United States study. Higher levels of misfortune were associated with higher levels of negative affect and lower levels of positive affect in adulthood...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940904/predicting-zambian-grandmothers-sensitivity-toward-their-grandchildren
#8
Francis Sichimba, Haatembo Mooya, Judi Mesman
Whereas child care by grandmothers is widespread in the African cultural context, few studies have examined predictors of the quality of grandmaternal care in Africa. In the current study, we collected observational data to investigate predictors of the quality of grandmother-grandchild interactions in Zambia. Data were collected from 46 grandmothers and their 12 to 27-month-old infant grandchildren. The results revealed that grandmothers with fewer children and those who enjoyed the grandparenting tasks more were more sensitive in their interactions with their grandchildren...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940903/does-who-i-am-or-how-i-regulate-matter-consequences-of-manipulation-of-emotion-regulation-strategies
#9
Sideeka Ali, Nicole Alea
This study experimentally examined the affective and social consequences of emotion regulation in men and women from young adulthood to old age. Participants were instructed to reappraise, suppress, or given no instructions while recalling a negative memory about their romantic relationship. Participants were 191 adults in a Trinidadian lifespan sample. Engaging in suppression resulted in higher relationship satisfaction, particularly for women, whereas engaging in reappraisal reduced negative affect for middle-aged versus younger adults...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913760/neighborhood-physical-disorder-and-psychological-distress-does-the-risk-increase-with-age
#10
Manacy Pai, Joongbaeck Kim
Although research documents a link between neighborhood physical disorder and psychological distress, we know little about the extent to which this association varies by age. Utilizing the person-environment fit model and drawing on data from the fourth wave of the Americans' Changing Lives Survey, we examine the extent to which age influences the association between perceptions of neighborhood physical disorder and psychological distress, as measured by depressive symptoms. We employ both continuous and categorical measures of age to test for a potential moderating effect...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913759/older-women-in-new-romantic-relationships-understanding-the-meaning-and-importance-of-sex-in-later-life
#11
Wendy K Watson, Charlie Stelle, Nancy Bell
Although research has found that sexual activity declines with age, most of this literature examines people in long-term marriages. Little is known about the initiation of new sexual relationships in later life. In-depth interviews with 14 women aged 64 to 77 years were conducted to examine their personal and collective narratives regarding sexuality in later life. In contrast to common perceptions, none of the participants felt that aging had negatively impacted their own sexuality. For many, this was a time in their lives when they were experiencing renewed sexual desire and enjoyment...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913758/timing-of-most-recent-health-care-visit-by-older-people-living-with-and-without-hiv-findings-from-the-sage-well-being-of-older-people-study-in-uganda
#12
Joseph O Mugisha, Enid J Schatz, Joel Negin, Paul Mwaniki, Paul Kowal, Janet Seeley
The objective of this article is to document factors associated with the recency of health-care service utilization by people aged 50 years and over living with and without HIV in Uganda. A survey was conducted with 510 Ugandans aged 50 and older, living with and without HIV. The survey included information on sociodemographic characteristics, health state, self-reported chronic conditions, and timing of most recent visit to a health-care facility (time since last visit [TSLV]). We use ordinal logistic regression to identify independent factors associated TSLV...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881477/reconsidering-the-asphalt-identikit-a-qualitative-analysis-of-driving-identities-in-british-older-adults-in-west-london
#13
Nicola Ann Plastow
BACKGROUND/AIM: The "asphalt identikit" theory suggests that driving cessation inevitably leads to feelings of incompetence and dependency. This article challenges this proposition by investigating the driving-related possible selves of British older adults living in West London. METHODS: Thematic analysis of data from 19 of 39 interviews in which older adults participating in a larger study talked about driving in the context of their grocery shopping. RESULTS: Three themes were evident: "I can drive - that makes a huge difference," "Expecting to lose my license," and "I gave up my license...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879290/the-moderating-influences-of-retirement-transition-age-and-gender-on-daily-stressors-and-psychological-distress
#14
Jen D Wong, Yetty Shobo
This study investigated the influences of retirement transition, age, and gender on aspects of daily experiences in adults (aged 50-75 years) who stayed working (n = 138) and who transitioned into retirement (n = 72). Data derived from the first and second waves of the Daily Diary Study of the National Survey of Midlife in the United States. Participants completed telephone interviews about their experiences across eight consecutive days. Findings showed a significant interaction effect of retirement transition and age on daily stressors...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852869/the-representation-of-older-people-in-east-asian-television-advertisements
#15
Michael Prieler, Alex Ivanov, Shigeru Hagiwara
In this study, 432 television advertisements from Hong Kong, Japan, and South Korea were analyzed to determine their representations of older people. Findings demonstrate that in East Asian advertisements, older people are highly underrepresented, appear in major roles, mostly alongside younger people, and older men clearly outnumber older women. The other variables investigated (i.e., setting and product categories) led to no conclusive findings for the three societies. In short, our study, employing ethnolinguistic vitality theory to analyze television advertisements, demonstrates how East Asian societies greatly marginalize older people...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852868/variation-in-subjective-aging-by-sexual-minority-status-an-examination-of-four-perspectives
#16
Anne Barrett, Harry Barbee
The past few decades have seen increased scholarly attention to gay and lesbian individuals' aging experiences; however, few studies examine differences in subjective aging by sexual minority status. We identify four perspectives on the association between sexual minority status and subjective aging-double jeopardy, crisis competence, gender interactive, and limited salience perspectives. We examine each perspective's predictions using data from the first wave of Midlife in the United States (1995-1996; MIDUS)...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852867/older-adults-casino-gambling-behavior-and-their-attitudes-toward-new-casino-development
#17
Anthony Piscitelli, Jay Harrison, Sean Doherty, Barbara A Carmichael
Research on new casinos typically focuses upon their impact on the community, rather than on specific at-risk groups. This research study explores the impact of the opening of a new casino on attitudes of older adult casino patrons, especially those at particular risk of having gambling problems. Results demonstrate that over 80% of older adult casino patrons would not change their attitudes toward gambling or expect to increase their gambling as a result of the opening of a new casino. However, older adults with problem gambling issues are more likely to indicate they would visit a casino more, spend more time at a casino, and gamble more as a result of the opening of a new casino...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852866/the-effect-of-catastrophic-health-expenditure-on-work-after-retirement
#18
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Arash Rashidian, Mohamad Arab, Ali Souri
Several factors can force retirees to go to paid work. Catastrophic health-care expenditure (CHCE) is one of the driving forces for retirees to go to paid work. This cross-sectional study was based on 6,307 Iran retirees' data. Xu method was used to calculate CHCE, and a logit model was estimated to show the association between CHCE and bridge employment. Other control variables were added to the model. The findings showed that there was positive relationship between CHCE and bridge employment. Retirement pension had negative relationship with work after retirement...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655955/friendship-repertoires-and-care-arrangement-a-praxeological-approach
#19
Julia Hahmann
Friends are important companions and serve as sources for diverse dimensions of social support, including elderly care. Rather than researching populations that have already established care arrangements including friends, the author seeks to understand relationship systems with a focus on the inner logic friendship to consequently describe and understand involved care arrangements, be it with family members or friends. To illustrate the diversity of friendship repertoires, qualitative interviews with older adult Germans are analyzed regarding cognitive concepts of friendships in contrast to familiar ties as well as social practices around relationship systems...
January 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655953/social-support-and-attitudes-to-aging-in-later-life
#20
Ruth A Lamont, Sharon M Nelis, Catherine Quinn, Linda Clare
Negative attitudes to aging are a risk factor for poor health and well-being. The current study sought to examine satisfaction with social support as a potentially modifiable factor that might facilitate the development of more positive attitudes to aging. A convenience sample of 501 older respondents (Mage = 72.06) reported on frequency of social support and their satisfaction with it, as well as completing a rating of attachment (model of the self and others), a measure of attitudes to aging, and a number of background measures...
January 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
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