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Journal of Community Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833215/childhood-mental-health-an-ecological-analysis-of-the-effects-of-neighborhood-characteristics
#1
Gail N Kemp, David A Langer, Martha C Tompson
Research on childhood mental illness traditionally examines risk factors most proximal to the child. However, current trends reflect growing interest in how broader contextual factors contribute to psychopathology risk. In this study, we examined neighborhood-level indicators as potential sources of chronic strain in a sample of 156 mother-child dyads. Children were 8-12 years old. For most neighborhood indicators, data were collected at the level of census tracts using publically available data sets. We hypothesized that these indicators would be associated with greater overall mental health symptoms, as well as specifically predictive of childhood symptoms of depression...
November 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574339/alcohol-outlets-and-substance-use-among-high-schoolers
#2
Adam J Milam, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, C Debra M Furr-Holden, Catherine P Bradshaw
Few studies have considered the potential role of the built environment in increasing adolescent substance use. The current study explored the relationship between alcohol outlets, a potential malleable component of the neighborhood environment, and adolescent behavioral outcomes. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between alcohol outlet density, perceived alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana availability (ATOD), perception of substance use as a problem at the school, and self-reported ATOD use. Data come from Maryland Safe and Supportive Schools (MDS(3)) Initiative, a statewide project focused on measuring and improving school climate...
September 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499562/serious-psychological-distress-among-african-americans-findings-from-the-national-survey-of-american-life
#3
Dawne M Mouzon, Robert Joseph Taylor, Ann W Nguyen, Linda M Chatters
Despite their low social standing, there remains a paucity of research on psychological distress among African Americans. We use data from the 2001-2003 National Survey of American Life to explore a wide array of social and economic predictors of psychological distress among African American adults ages 18 and older, including previous incarceration, history of welfare receipt, and having a family member who is either currently incarcerated or homeless. Younger age, lower income, lower educational attainment, and lower self-rated health and childhood health are associated with higher levels of psychological distress among African Americans...
August 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872502/the-communities-that-care-brief-depression-scale-psychometric-properties-and-criterion-validity
#4
Isaac C Rhew, Kathryn C Monahan, Sabrina Oesterle, J David Hawkins
For community-level approaches to preventing depression, measures of depression that are brief as well as valid are needed, particularly given competing demands in surveys for assessment of other outcomes including substance use, delinquency, and their associated risk factors. This study examined the validity of a four-item adolescent depression measure, the Communities That Care Brief Depression Scale (CTC-BDS). Data were from a survey of adolescents (N = 3,939) participating in the Community Youth Development Study (CYDS), a community-randomized trial involving 24 U...
April 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087710/the-relationship-of-sense-of-community-and-trust-to-hope
#5
Leonard A Jason
Settings that that have ecological variables that instill hope might be particularly effective for treating individuals with substance use disorders. More specifically, trust and sense of community could be of importance in the fostering of hope among individuals in recovery from substance use disorders. Our study included a sample of individuals who were living in or had lived in Oxford House recovery homes. We found both sense of community and trust are ecological aspects of settings that had important influences on hope, as an engaged individual tends to value trust relationships...
April 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997683/understanding-the-attainment-of-stable-housing-a-seven-year-longitudinal-analysis-of-homeless-adolescents
#6
Jordan M Braciszewski, Paul A Toro, Robert L Stout
Stable housing provides a solid foundation for youth development, making it an essential topic of study among young homeless people. Although gains have been made in research with adolescents and young adults experiencing homelessness, few longitudinal studies of this population exist, clouding the long-term housing outcome picture. The current study examined the course and risk factors for homelessness in a sample of 243 homeless adolescents followed over a seven-year period. The vast majority of youth returned to stable housing quickly; however, early experiences of homelessness, even at this young age, were observed to have a substantial negative impact on future housing...
April 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997682/the-hidden-work-of-exiting-homelessness-challenges-of-housing-service-use-and-strategies-of-service-recipients
#7
Lindsay S Mayberry
This study explored the experiences of parents attempting to re-attain housing after a shelter stay. Eighty parents participated in semistructured face-to-face interviews approximately six months after being recruited from shelters in four states across the U.S. Qualitative analyses identified common challenges of service use, strategies of service recipients, and characteristics of positive and negative service experiences. Challenges of service use included "catch-22s" resulting from incongruity between service policies/procedures and participants' contexts and/or requirements of other services, confusion and uncertainty resulting from absent or insufficient communication about services, and long waitlists...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397946/sustaining-adoption-of-science-based-prevention-through-communities-that-care
#8
Kari M Gloppen, Eric C Brown, Bradley H Wagenaar, J David Hawkins, Isaac C Rhew, Sabrina Oesterle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022203/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-neighborhood-context-of-mastery
#9
Megan E Gilster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667867/development-of-a-three-factor-psychological-sense-of-community-scale
#10
Leonard A Jason, Ed Stevens, Daphna Ram
A variety of measures of sense of community have been developed, but the identification of latent factors in developed scales to measure this construct have encountered significant psychometric problems involving reliability and validity. We present a new measure called the Psychological Sense of Community Scale, which is based on 3 distinct ecological domains involving the individual, microsystem and macrosystem. We used an exploratory factor analysis to investigate our three theoretical domains involving Self (identity and importance to self), Membership (social relationships), and Entity (a group's organization and purpose)...
November 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26740728/-lonesome-town-is-loneliness-associated-with-the-residential-environment-including-housing-and-neighbourhood-factors
#11
(no author information available yet)
This article considers whether feelings of loneliness are associated with aspects of the home and neighbourhood of residence. Multinominal logistic regression models were used to explore associations between residential environment and loneliness in 4,000 residents across deprived areas of Glasgow. People who rated their neighbourhood environment of higher quality, and who used more local amenities, were less likely to report loneliness. Respondents who knew more people within the local area were less likely to report loneliness...
September 1, 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26166909/multi-source-recruitment-strategies-for-advancing-addiction-recovery-research-beyond-treated-samples
#12
Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman, Alexandre B Laudet, Lois A Ritter, Aina Stunz, Lee Ann Kaskutas
BACKGROUND: The lack of established sampling frames makes reaching individuals in recovery from substance problems difficult. Although general population studies are most generalizable, the low prevalence of individuals in recovery makes this strategy costly and inefficient. Though more efficient, treatment samples are biased. AIMS: To describe multi-source recruitment for capturing participants from heterogeneous pathways to recovery; assess which sources produced the most respondents within subgroups; and compare treatment and non-treatment samples to address generalizability...
June 1, 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26937057/career-readiness-a-potential-pathway-through-which-urban-youth-exposure-to-stress-influences-adult-health
#13
Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, S Darius Tandon, Tina L Cheng
A growing body of research provides support for the detrimental effects of stress during childhood on future adult health, however, less is known about how stress disrupts normal developmental processes. This pathway may be particularly relevant for urban adolescents who are exposed to additional contextual stressors. This study will longitudinally explore how psychological stress from multiple domains influences urban adolescents' career readiness. Two hundred youth (ages 14-21) completed surveys assessing their school, family, neighborhood and health stress...
April 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26668443/a-practical-implementation-science-heuristic-for-organizational-readiness-r-mc-2
#14
Jonathan P Scaccia, Brittany S Cook, Andrea Lamont, Abraham Wandersman, Jennifer Castellow, Jason Katz, Rinad S Beidas
There are many challenges when an innovation (i.e., a program, process, or policy that is new to an organization) is actively introduced into an organization. One critical component for successful implementation is the organization's readiness for the innovation. In this article, we propose a practical implementation science heuristic, abbreviated as R= MC(2) . We propose that organizational readiness involves: 1) the motivation to implement an innovation, 2) the general capacities of an organization, and 3) the innovation-specific capacities needed for a particular innovation...
April 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26456987/evaluation-of-all-babies-cry-a-second-generation-universal-abusive-head-trauma-prevention-program
#15
Allison C Morrill, Lisa McElaney, Betsy Peixotto, Marcia VanVleet, Robert Sege
Child maltreatment results in significant individual, family, and societal costs. This study assessed the efficacy of All Babies Cry (ABC), a media-based infant maltreatment prevention program, using a mixed-method, quasi-experimental staged evaluation design. ABC's messaging, designed and tested through a series of focus groups, provides strategies for reducing parental stress and soothing infants. Participants (n = 423) were first-time parents, 70% fathers, recruited at two hospitals. The first 211 were controls; the next 212 received ABC...
April 1, 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25825548/geospatial-ecology-of-adolescent-problem-behavior-contributions-of-community-factors-and-parental-monitoring
#16
Maria Gartstein, Erich Seamon, Thomas J Dishion
Addressed the ecology of deviant peer involvement, antisocial behavior and alcohol use, utilizing publically available information for indices of community risk/protective factors. A geospatial model was developed, combining geographic data (census, crime proximity, race/ethnicity, transportation accessibility) with information gathered for individual adolescents/household, geo-coded by home address. Adolescent-report of delinquency, association with deviant peers, substance use, and parental monitoring was obtained, along with parent-report of demographic characteristics...
April 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26309337/an-investigation-of-hope-and-context
#17
Edward B Stevens, Brett Buchannan, Joseph R Ferrari, Leonard A Jason, Daphna Ram
One of the tenets of community psychology is examining psychological phenomena in context, and our studies explored the relationship between hope and context among individuals in recovery for substance use disorders. Study 1 involved 595 participants who resided in 90 recovery homes. We found that context, as house effects, was salient in residents' perceptions of hope, suggesting that the context of recovery homes-- their configurations and dynamics-- may play a role in an individual's future perspective. Study 2 involved 102 recovering adults...
October 2014: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26401060/socio-ecological-predictors-of-intercourse-frequency-and-number-of-sexual-partners-among-male-and-female-african-american-adolescents
#18
Tiarney D Ritchwood, Amy C Traylor, Rebecca J Howell, Wesley T Church, John M Bolland
The current study examined 14 waves of data derived from a large, community-based study of the sexual behavior of impoverished youth between 12 and 17 years of age residing in the Deep South. We used multilevel linear modeling to identify ecological predictors of intercourse frequency and number of sexual partners among gender-specific subsamples. Results indicated that predictors of adolescent sexual behavior differed by both type of sexual behavior and gender. For males, age, maternal warmth, parental knowledge, curfew, self-worth, and sense of community predicted intercourse frequency, while age, parental knowledge, curfew, self-worth, friend support, and sense of community were significantly associated with having multiple sexual partners...
September 1, 2014: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25983352/academic-achievement-among-immigrant-and-u-s-born-latino-adolescents-associations-with-cultural-family-and-acculturation-factors
#19
Catherine DeCarlo Santiago, Omar G GudiƱo, Shilpa Baweja, Erum Nadeem
This study examined proximal risk and protective factors that contribute to academic achievement among 130 Latino students. Participating students were 56.2% female and 35.3% foreign-born (mean age = 11.38, SD = .59). Acculturative stress, immigrant status, child gender, parental monitoring, traditional cultural values, mainstream values, and English language proficiency were explored in relation to academic achievement. Higher levels of parental monitoring, English language proficiency, and female gender were associated with higher grades, while mainstream values were associated with lower grades...
August 2014: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985122/the-relation-between-risk-and-protective-factors-for-problem-behaviors-and-depressive-symptoms-antisocial-behavior-and-alcohol-use-in-adolescence
#20
Kathryn C Monahan, Sabrina Oesterle, Isaac Rhew, J David Hawkins
Both externalizing and internalizing psychopathology increase throughout adolescence and a similar set of risk and protective factors may underlie depressive symptoms, antisocial behavior, and alcohol use. Analyses test how risk and protective factors for externalizing behavior in community, school, family, peer and individual domains are related to depressive symptoms, antisocial behavior, and alcohol use concurrently and longitudinally in a sample of 2002 students assessed in 8(th) and 10(th) grades (52% male; 58% Caucasian)...
July 2014: Journal of Community Psychology
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