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Journal of Community Psychology

Yeonwoo Kim, Sharon Lee, Hyejin Jung, Jose Jaime, Catherine Cubbin
This longitudinal study investigates the association between neighborhood poverty and behavioral problems among young children. This study also examines whether social environments mediate the relationship between neighborhood poverty and behavioral problems. We used data from the third and fourth waves of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing study to assess behavioral problems separately for children who experienced no family poverty, moved out of family poverty, moved into family poverty, and experienced long-term family poverty...
November 11, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Flavio F Marsiglia, Stephanie L Ayers, Danielle Robbins, Julie Nagoshi, Adrienne Baldwin-White, Felipe González Castro
Drawing from an ecodevelopmental framework, this article examines if adding a parenting component, Families Preparing the New Generation (Familias Preparando la Nueva Generación), to an efficacious classroom-based drug abuse prevention intervention, keepin'it REAL, will boost the effects of the youth intervention in preventing substance use for middle school Mexican-heritage students. Youth attending schools in a large urban area in the Southwestern U.S. (N = 462) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: parent and youth, youth only, or control...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Inna Rivkin, Ellen D S Lopez, Joseph E Trimble, Samuel Johnson, Eliza Orr, Tonie Quaintance
Historical trauma and rapid cultural change contribute to a high burden of stress in Alaska Native communities. The goal of the Yup'ik Experiences of Stress and Coping Project was to better understand stress and coping in Yup'ik communities and the role of cultural values and practices in coping. Sixty Yup'ik adults aged 18-84 years took part in semistructured interviews. They discussed how they coped with salient stressful experiences and shared the things that bought them hope and peace. Interview themes were identified and inter-relationships between themes were explored through social network analysis...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Proscovia Nabunya, Deborah Padgett, Fred M Ssewamala, Mark E Courtney, Torsten Neilands
In this study, we examined the nonkin support networks of orphaned adolescents participating in a family-based economic-strengthening intervention in HIV-impacted communities in Uganda. We analyzed data from a cluster randomized experimental study for orphaned adolescents aged 11-17 years. Participants were randomly assigned to either the control condition, which received bolstered standard of care (BSOC) services, or the treatment condition, which received BSOC services plus an economic-strengthening intervention...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Robey B Champine, Lisa Werkmeister Rozas, Alayna Schreier, Joy S Kaufman
Individuals who report everyday experiences of discrimination are at heightened risk for adverse health outcomes and tend to report underutilization of health services. Systems of care (SOCs) have the potential to engage members of minority groups and to reduce health disparities. We examined the service-related experiences of predominantly Latinx caregivers enrolled in a SOC for their children with severe psychological health needs. We used independent samples t-tests and regression analyses to compare relations among service access, perceived service characteristics, and caregiver stress according to whether caregivers reported frequent or infrequent discrimination...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Michela Lenzi, Jill D Sharkey, Allie Wroblewski, Michael J Furlong, Massimo Santinello
The current study examined the association between adolescent emotional competence, operationalized and measured at both the individual and the school levels, and gang membership. The study involved a sample of 12,040 students (51.4% females; mean = 16.9 years) participating in the biennial state department of education coordinated California Healthy Kids Survey, which assesses a range of adolescent health-related behaviors. Hierarchical linear modeling indicated that higher levels of individual emotional competence were associated with a lower likelihood of identifying as a gang member...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Lei Wang, Banghua Xu, Yiwen Gu, Jianbo Zhu, Ying Liang
The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating and moderating roles of resilience on the relationship between perceived stress and depression among heroin addicts. A total of 138 heroin addicts completed the measures of perceived stress, resilience, and depression. Correlation analysis indicated that perceived stress was positively associated with depression. Resilience was negatively correlated with perceived stress and depression. Mediation analysis revealed that resilience partially mediated the relationship between perceived stress and depression...
October 21, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Jaswant Bajwa, Mulugeta Abai, Sidonia Couto, Sean Kidd, Aytak Dibavar, Kwame McKenzie
Drawing on a 2-year community-based participatory research project, and grounded in the theories of positive psychology, this article examines the effects of targeted educational support on refugee participants' psychological capital (PsyCap)-hope, self-efficacy, resilience, and optimism-as well as life satisfaction. Two groups of participants attended a 14-week trauma-informed, educational support program in 2 consecutive sessions. The program was designed in collaboration with George Brown College, the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Wellesley Institute, and the Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Kristen N Pender, Elan C Hope, Kristen N Riddick
Linked fate, or connection to the Black community, may be a pathway to engagement in social justice action for Black liberation. The purpose of this study is to understand the role of racial identity on Black queer youths' orientation toward Black activism. We used hierarchical linear regression to examine relationships between dimensions of racial identity and Black activism orientation among 142 queer-identified youth. We found that racial centrality and racial ideologies predicted high-risk activism orientation...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Shaul Kimhi, Yohanan Eshel
This article is aimed at describing and validating a new short version of the National Resilience Scale (NR-13). The available 25-item National Resilience Scale has been employed and validated by several studies. However, the present data show that it can be substantially shortened without losing either its reliability or its validity. The new short version of the scale has been examined by the responses of an Israeli sample of adults (N = 1022). Results indicate, as expected, that national resilience promoting factors (community resilience and sense of coherence) significantly and positively predict NR-13...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Hua Wang, Congde Xu, Xiaoyan Fan
Because of a large number of Chinese women and the widespread concern about women's living conditions, this study aimed to examine how subjective well-being mediates the association between marital relationship and women's quality of life in Chinese context. The data used in this study were collected by conducting a multi-stage cluster random sampling method of 756 women in Huai'an city of Mainland China. Data included women's basic demographics, women's quality of life and marital quality, and women's subjective well-being...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Matthew Hagler, Sherry Hamby, Victoria Banyard, John Grych
Community psychologists have noted the limitations of professional models of mental health treatment, demonstrating that people are more likely to use informal familial or community support during adversity. However, relatively little is known about the forms and functions of informal help seeking and provision. Semistructured interviews (N = 170), in which a sample of predominantly rural-dwelling adolescents and adults described significant life experiences, were coded for instances of receiving help. Codes thematically categorized the type of adversity, role of the helper, and nature of the help received...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Mark Vincent B Yu, Nancy L Deutsch, Valerie A Futch Ehrlich, Miriam R Arbeit, Haley E Johnson, Theresa N Melton
The purpose of this mixed methods study was to examine the relationship between attachment, supportive nonparental youth-adult relationships, and self-esteem during adolescence. First, in a quantitative path analysis, we found that perceived social support from nonparental adults partially mediated the relationship between adolescent attachment and self-esteem. In our follow-up mixed methods analysis, we analyzed youth reflections of support experienced in relationships with significant non-parental adults (VIPs)...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Astraea Augsberger, Whitney Gecker, Mary Elizabeth Collins
Participatory budgeting [PB] is a democratic process whereby community members determine how to spend governmental funds. Youth-led PB is relatively new, occurring in select U.S. cities. During youth-led PB, youth collect ideas, develop proposals, and advertise community improvement projects for which they, citywide, cast deciding votes. The study examined opportunities for the empowerment youth at each stage of a youth-led PB project. Data collection included individual interviews with 31 youths and adult stakeholders, 3 focus groups with youths, and 7 observations of meetings...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Krysia N Mossakowski, Turro Wongkaren, Terrence D Hill, Robert Johnson
This study examines the extent to which ethnic identity is a protective factor and buffers the stress of discrimination among the foreign born compared to the U.S. born in Miami-Dade County. Data were drawn from the 2011 Miami-Dade Health Survey (N = 444), which is a countywide probability sample of adults in South Florida. Two interaction effects were observed: (a) a stronger ethnic identity was associated with less distress among the foreign born than the U.S. born; and (b) a stronger ethnic identity exacerbated the relationship between everyday discrimination and distress among the U...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Maria Minas, Maria Teresa Ribeiro, James P Anglin
This article presents the results of a deepened study of the best practices and outcomes of 15 programs (across 9 countries) that work with socioeconomically disadvantagedd communities. Using thematic analysis, we identified best practices that participants, community leaders, and professionals recognized as key. Data collection involved in loco observation and semistructured interviews with participants and professionals, and focus groups with professionals. Associated with best practices, programs adopted two central perspectives on approaching participants: approaching participants as users and approaching participants as contributors...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Joohee Lee, Bret J Blackmon, Joo Young Lee, David M Cochran, Tim A Rehner
The aim of this study was to examine the relationships among posttraumatic growth (PTG), loneliness, depression, psychological resilience, and social capital among survivors of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010. The survey was administered to a spatially stratified, random sample of households in the three coastal counties of Mississippi. A total of 216 participants were included in this study who lived in close proximity to the Gulf of Mexico coastline during both disasters...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Jillian R Scheer, Julie M Woulfe, Lisa A Goodman
Identity abuse (IA) comprises a set of abuse tactics that exploit discriminatory systems including homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia (Tesch & Berkerian, 2015). This study examined the factorial validity of the IA Scale (Woulfe & Goodman, 2018) with a large independent sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals. Participants included 1,049 LGBTQ-identified participants (Mage  = 27.3, 71.9% White, 52.6% cisgender women, and 18.7% as other nonheterosexual identity in their sexual orientation), recruited through listservs...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Victor Counted
The study examines the association between sense of place (SOP) attitudes (e.g., place attachment, place identity, and place dependence) and health-related quality of life (HQOL) in a sample of 261 African residents in New South Wales (Australia). Participants completed measures of the Sense of Place Scale, the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF questionnaire, and demographic variables. Study findings are as follows: (a) levels of SOP and place attachment are positively associated with all outcomes of HQOL; (b) place identity is also positively related to HQOL in terms of better environmental health, psychological health, and physical health, but not statistically significant for social relationship and general QOL; (c) place dependence is statistically associated with outcomes of HQOL, except for general QOL which remained insignificant in both the unadjusted and adjusted models...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Elizabeth B Raposa, Adar Ben-Eliyahu, Lauren E W Olsho, Jean Rhodes
Youth mentoring practitioners and researchers have shown a growing interest in determining the ways in which mentor-youth matching practices might influence the duration and effectiveness of mentoring relationships. The current project tested whether mentor-youth similarities at baseline, in terms of demographic variables and interests in certain activities (e.g., sports, art), predicted a longer duration of mentoring relationships. Analyses used baseline and follow-up data from over 9,000 youth who participated in community-based mentoring programs in the northeastern United States, as well as their volunteer mentors...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
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