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Journal of Community Psychology

Heather M Gray, Sarah E Nelson, Howard J Shaffer, Patricia Stebbins, Andrea Ryan Farina
Among people experiencing homelessness, difficulty securing housing is often compounded by concurrent challenges including unemployment, chronic illness, criminal justice involvement, and victimization. The Moving Ahead Program (MAP) is a vocational rehabilitation program that seeks to help adults facing these challenges to secure competitive employment. We prospectively studied how MAP graduates (N = 97) changed from the beginning of MAP to about six months after graduation. We observed a variety of positive outcomes not just in employment and housing but also in health, substance use, and criminal justice involvement...
September 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Tracy M Scull, Janis B Kupersmidt, Tara N Weatherholt
The present study investigates the effectiveness of a family-based, online media literacy education (MLE) program for substance abuse prevention in children from rural areas. A total of 83 families were randomly assigned to receive Media Detective Family (MDF) (n = 47) or a control computer program (n = 36) between pre- and posttest questionnaires. Fifty-one percent (N=42) completed a three-month follow-up questionnaire. Children receiving MDF reported a significant reduction in their use of substances over time compared to children in the control group (d = -...
August 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, Su-Chin Serene Olin, Nicole M Wang, Michele Pollock, Mary Acri, Elizabeth Glaeser, Emma D Whitmyre, Amy Storfer-Isser, Sarah McCue Horwitz
This paper describes a systematic approach to assessing community services post-Sandy Hook shooting. An evaluation team was invited to develop a sustainability plan for community services in Newtown. Service organizations, providers and families were interviewed. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the range of services; respondent perspectives were coded using content analysis. We found that Newtown has a broad array of community services, but respondent groups varied in their perceptions of service adequacy...
August 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Vanessa Au, Marylou Frendo, Amy A Mericle
Residence in disadvantaged neighborhoods can amplify individual risk for adverse health conditions, including substance use disorders. Using data from a probability sample of problem drinkers in Northern California (N=616) interviewed at baseline and re-interviewed one year later, this study examines whether social support can buffer negative effects of neighborhood disadvantage on problem drinking. Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood increased the likelihood of problem drinking at follow-up (OR=2.33, p=0...
July 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Jasmine M Hedge, Matthew D Hudson-Flege, James R McDonell
The present study examined factors that differentiate adolescents with varied intentions of informal and professional help-seeking for dating violence. Help-seeking intentions among 518 ethnically diverse adolescents from a rural, southern county who participated in a longitudinal study of teen dating violence were categorized into three groups: adolescents unlikely to seek any help, adolescents likely to seek only informal help, and adolescents likely to seek informal and professional help. Multinomial logistic regression found that gender, family functioning, problem-solving competency, dating status, having an adult to talk to about a dating relationship, and acceptability of family violence significantly predicted membership in the help-seeking groups...
May 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Andria B Eisman, Sarah A Stoddard, José A Bauermeister, Cleopatra H Caldwell, Marc A Zimmerman
Organized activity participation provides opportunities for adolescents to develop assets that may support favorable outcomes in young adulthood. Activity participation may be especially beneficial for marginalized youth as they are likely to face stressors that increase risk of negative outcomes. We used growth mixture modeling (GMM) to identify activity participation trajectories among African American adolescents in an urban, disadvantaged community (Wave 1: mean age=14.86 years, SD=0.64; 49% male, N=681)...
May 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Kaston D Anderson-Carpenter, Jomella Watson-Thompson, Marvia D Jones, Lisa Chaney
Often, community coalitions are facilitators of community-level changes when addressing underage drinking. Although studies have shown that enhancing coalition capacity is related to improved internal functioning, the relationship between enhanced capacity and community readiness for change is not well established. The present study used a pretest-posttest design to examine whether enhancing coalition capacity through training and technical assistance was associated with improved community readiness and coalition-facilitated community-level changes...
May 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Katarina Guttmannova, Melissa J Wheeler, Karl G Hill, Teresa A Evans-Campbell, Lacey A Hartigan, Tiffany M Jones, J David Hawkins, Richard F Catalano
Background: This study constitutes a building block in the cultural adaptation of Communities That Care (CTC), a community-based prevention system that has been found to be effective in reducing youth problem behaviors. Methods: Using the data from the CTC normative survey dataset that consists of more than quarter million youth nationwide, this study examines the reliability and validity of scores derived from the Communities That Care Youth Survey (CTC-YS), one of the primary assessment tools for gathering community data on risk and protective factors related to problem behaviors including substance use...
April 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Sarah Dauber, Frances Ferayorni, Craig Henderson, Aaron Hogue, Jessica Nugent, Jeannette Alcantara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Stephanie L Ayers, Stephen Kulis, Monica Tsethlikai
Urban American Indian (AI) families often "live in two worlds," and widely used parenting measures may not adequately capture their parenting styles. Drawing from baseline surveys of AI parents living in 3 urban communities in Arizona (n = 606), this study examines the applicability of using 6 previously validated measures with urban AI parents: parent self-agency, parental supervision, positive parenting practices, discipline, family cohesion, and parent-adolescent conflict. A 4-step factor analytic sequential procedure was employed, and results indicate the only measure remaining as a single factor is discipline...
March 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Melody S Goodman, Vetta L Sanders Thompson, Cassandra Arroyo Johnson, Renee Gennarelli, Bettina F Drake, Pravleen Bajwa, Maranda Witherspoon, Deborah Bowen
Although the importance of community engagement in research has been previously established, there are few evidence-based approaches for measuring the level of community engagement in research projects. A quantitative community engagement measure was developed, aligned with 11 engagement principles (EPs) previously established in the literature. The measure has 96 Likert response items; 3-5 quality items and 3-5 quantity items measure each EP. Cronbach's alpha is used to examine the internal consistency of items that measure a single EP...
January 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Emily M May, Bronwyn A Hunter, Leonard A Jason
This article evaluates how a plurality of research methods has served a research program that has functioned in a much-needed area of research: the role of housing and recovery residences in addiction recovery. The review focuses on one mutually supportive recovery residence model, called Oxford House, which represents more than 1,700 democratic, self-governing residences. To date, there has been no comprehensive evaluation of the research methods used with Oxford House or any other recovery residence. In this article, research methods, including study designs and data analyses, are summarized for 114 peer-reviewed empirical studies that included data on Oxford Houses or Oxford House residents...
January 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Gail N Kemp, David A Langer, Martha C Tompson
Research on childhood mental illness traditionally examines risk factors most proximal to the child. However, current trends reflect growing interest in how broader contextual factors contribute to psychopathology risk. In this study, we examined neighborhood-level indicators as potential sources of chronic strain in a sample of 156 mother-child dyads. Children were 8-12 years old. For most neighborhood indicators, data were collected at the level of census tracts using publically available data sets. We hypothesized that these indicators would be associated with greater overall mental health symptoms, as well as specifically predictive of childhood symptoms of depression...
November 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Seema L Clifasefi, Susan E Collins, Nicole I Torres, Véronique S Grazioli, Jessica L Mackelprang
Single-site Housing First (HF) is associated with reduced publicly funded service utilization and costs and alcohol-related harm for chronically homeless individuals with severe alcohol problems. Many residents, however, continue to experience alcohol-related problems after their move into single-site HF. Thus, it is necessary to explore areas for program enhancement after individuals move into single-site HF. To this end, we collected qualitative data via 30 hours of naturalistic observation, staff focus groups (n = 3), and one-on-one interviews with single-site HF residents (n = 44), program staff (n = 7), and agency management (n = 4)...
September 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Adam J Milam, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, C Debra M Furr-Holden, Catherine P Bradshaw
Few studies have considered the potential role of the built environment in increasing adolescent substance use. The current study explored the relationship between alcohol outlets, a potential malleable component of the neighborhood environment, and adolescent behavioral outcomes. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between alcohol outlet density, perceived alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana availability (ATOD), perception of substance use as a problem at the school, and self-reported ATOD use. Data come from Maryland Safe and Supportive Schools (MDS(3)) Initiative, a statewide project focused on measuring and improving school climate...
September 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Rong Wang, Sora Park Tanjasiri, Paula Palmer, Thomas W Valente
This study applies an ecological perspective to the context of community-based participatory research (CBPR). Specifically, it examines how endogenous and exogenous factors influence the dynamics of CBPR partnerships, including the tendency toward reciprocity and transitivity, the organizational type, the level of resource sufficiency, the level of organizational influence, and the perceived CBPR effect on organizations. The results demonstrate that network structure is related to the selection and retention of interorganizational networks over time, and organizations of the same type are more likely to form partnerships with each other...
August 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Dawne M Mouzon, Robert Joseph Taylor, Ann W Nguyen, Linda M Chatters
Despite their low social standing, there remains a paucity of research on psychological distress among African Americans. We use data from the 2001-2003 National Survey of American Life to explore a wide array of social and economic predictors of psychological distress among African American adults ages 18 and older, including previous incarceration, history of welfare receipt, and having a family member who is either currently incarcerated or homeless. Younger age, lower income, lower educational attainment, and lower self-rated health and childhood health are associated with higher levels of psychological distress among African Americans...
August 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Augusto Pérez-Gómez, Juliana Mejía-Trujillo, Eric C Brown, Nicole Eisenberg
During the last 2 years, the Colombian government and the Nuevos Rumbos Corporation have been implementing an adapted version of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system, called Comunidades Que se Cuidan (CQC) in Spanish, for use in Colombia. This brief report presents the process of implementing CQC and identifies some of the main challenges and achievements of implementing the system in eight communities in Colombia. Preliminary results of a pilot study of CQC implementation in Colombia show that prevention system development, including a focus on measuring community risk and protection, can be established successfully in Latin American communities despite a lack of rigorously tested prevention programs and strategies...
May 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Isaac C Rhew, Kathryn C Monahan, Sabrina Oesterle, J David Hawkins
For community-level approaches to preventing depression, measures of depression that are brief as well as valid are needed, particularly given competing demands in surveys for assessment of other outcomes including substance use, delinquency, and their associated risk factors. This study examined the validity of a four-item adolescent depression measure, the Communities That Care Brief Depression Scale (CTC-BDS). Data were from a survey of adolescents (N = 3,939) participating in the Community Youth Development Study (CYDS), a community-randomized trial involving 24 U...
April 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Leonard A Jason, Ed Stevens, John M Light
Settings that that have ecological variables that instill hope might be particularly effective for treating individuals with substance use disorders. More specifically, trust and sense of community could be of importance in the fostering of hope among individuals in recovery from substance use disorders. Our study included a sample of individuals who were living in or had lived in Oxford House recovery homes. We found both sense of community and trust are ecological aspects of settings that had important influences on hope, as an engaged individual tends to value trust relationships...
April 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
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