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Journal of Community Psychology

Jasmine M Hedge, Matthew D Hudson-Flege, James R McDonell
The present study examined factors that differentiate adolescents with varied intentions of informal and professional help-seeking for dating violence. Help-seeking intentions among 518 ethnically diverse adolescents from a rural, southern county who participated in a longitudinal study of teen dating violence were categorized into three groups: adolescents unlikely to seek any help, adolescents likely to seek only informal help, and adolescents likely to seek informal and professional help. Multinomial logistic regression found that gender, family functioning, problem-solving competency, dating status, having an adult to talk to about a dating relationship, and acceptability of family violence significantly predicted membership in the help-seeking groups...
May 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Andria B Eisman, Sarah A Stoddard, José A Bauermeister, Cleopatra H Caldwell, Marc A Zimmerman
Organized activity participation provides opportunities for adolescents to develop assets that may support favorable outcomes in young adulthood. Activity participation may be especially beneficial for marginalized youth as they are likely to face stressors that increase risk of negative outcomes. We used growth mixture modeling (GMM) to identify activity participation trajectories among African American adolescents in an urban, disadvantaged community (Wave 1: mean age=14.86 years, SD=0.64; 49% male, N=681)...
May 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Kaston D Anderson-Carpenter, Jomella Watson-Thompson, Marvia D Jones, Lisa Chaney
Often, community coalitions are facilitators of community-level changes when addressing underage drinking. Although studies have shown that enhancing coalition capacity is related to improved internal functioning, the relationship between enhanced capacity and community readiness for change is not well established. The present study used a pretest-posttest design to examine whether enhancing coalition capacity through training and technical assistance was associated with improved community readiness and coalition-facilitated community-level changes...
May 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Sarah Dauber, Frances Ferayorni, Craig Henderson, Aaron Hogue, Jessica Nugent, Jeannette Alcantara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Gail N Kemp, David A Langer, Martha C Tompson
Research on childhood mental illness traditionally examines risk factors most proximal to the child. However, current trends reflect growing interest in how broader contextual factors contribute to psychopathology risk. In this study, we examined neighborhood-level indicators as potential sources of chronic strain in a sample of 156 mother-child dyads. Children were 8-12 years old. For most neighborhood indicators, data were collected at the level of census tracts using publically available data sets. We hypothesized that these indicators would be associated with greater overall mental health symptoms, as well as specifically predictive of childhood symptoms of depression...
November 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Seema L Clifasefi, Susan E Collins, Nicole I Torres, Véronique S Grazioli, Jessica L Mackelprang
Single-site Housing First (HF) is associated with reduced publicly funded service utilization and costs and alcohol-related harm for chronically homeless individuals with severe alcohol problems. Many residents, however, continue to experience alcohol-related problems after their move into single-site HF. Thus, it is necessary to explore areas for program enhancement after individuals move into single-site HF. To this end, we collected qualitative data via 30 hours of naturalistic observation, staff focus groups (n = 3), and one-on-one interviews with single-site HF residents (n = 44), program staff (n = 7), and agency management (n = 4)...
September 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Adam J Milam, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, C Debra M Furr-Holden, Catherine P Bradshaw
Few studies have considered the potential role of the built environment in increasing adolescent substance use. The current study explored the relationship between alcohol outlets, a potential malleable component of the neighborhood environment, and adolescent behavioral outcomes. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between alcohol outlet density, perceived alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana availability (ATOD), perception of substance use as a problem at the school, and self-reported ATOD use. Data come from Maryland Safe and Supportive Schools (MDS(3)) Initiative, a statewide project focused on measuring and improving school climate...
September 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Dawne M Mouzon, Robert Joseph Taylor, Ann W Nguyen, Linda M Chatters
Despite their low social standing, there remains a paucity of research on psychological distress among African Americans. We use data from the 2001-2003 National Survey of American Life to explore a wide array of social and economic predictors of psychological distress among African American adults ages 18 and older, including previous incarceration, history of welfare receipt, and having a family member who is either currently incarcerated or homeless. Younger age, lower income, lower educational attainment, and lower self-rated health and childhood health are associated with higher levels of psychological distress among African Americans...
August 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Augusto Pérez-Gómez, Juliana Mejía-Trujillo, Eric C Brown, Nicole Eisenberg
During the last 2 years, the Colombian government and the Nuevos Rumbos Corporation have been implementing an adapted version of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system, called Comunidades Que se Cuidan (CQC) in Spanish, for use in Colombia. This brief report presents the process of implementing CQC and identifies some of the main challenges and achievements of implementing the system in eight communities in Colombia. Preliminary results of a pilot study of CQC implementation in Colombia show that prevention system development, including a focus on measuring community risk and protection, can be established successfully in Latin American communities despite a lack of rigorously tested prevention programs and strategies...
May 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Isaac C Rhew, Kathryn C Monahan, Sabrina Oesterle, J David Hawkins
For community-level approaches to preventing depression, measures of depression that are brief as well as valid are needed, particularly given competing demands in surveys for assessment of other outcomes including substance use, delinquency, and their associated risk factors. This study examined the validity of a four-item adolescent depression measure, the Communities That Care Brief Depression Scale (CTC-BDS). Data were from a survey of adolescents (N = 3,939) participating in the Community Youth Development Study (CYDS), a community-randomized trial involving 24 U...
April 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Leonard A Jason, Ed Stevens, John M Light
Settings that that have ecological variables that instill hope might be particularly effective for treating individuals with substance use disorders. More specifically, trust and sense of community could be of importance in the fostering of hope among individuals in recovery from substance use disorders. Our study included a sample of individuals who were living in or had lived in Oxford House recovery homes. We found both sense of community and trust are ecological aspects of settings that had important influences on hope, as an engaged individual tends to value trust relationships...
April 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Jordan M Braciszewski, Paul A Toro, Robert L Stout
Stable housing provides a solid foundation for youth development, making it an essential topic of study among young homeless people. Although gains have been made in research with adolescents and young adults experiencing homelessness, few longitudinal studies of this population exist, clouding the long-term housing outcome picture. The current study examined the course and risk factors for homelessness in a sample of 243 homeless adolescents followed over a seven-year period. The vast majority of youth returned to stable housing quickly; however, early experiences of homelessness, even at this young age, were observed to have a substantial negative impact on future housing...
April 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Lindsay S Mayberry
This study explored the experiences of parents attempting to re-attain housing after a shelter stay. Eighty parents participated in semistructured face-to-face interviews approximately six months after being recruited from shelters in four states across the U.S. Qualitative analyses identified common challenges of service use, strategies of service recipients, and characteristics of positive and negative service experiences. Challenges of service use included "catch-22s" resulting from incongruity between service policies/procedures and participants' contexts and/or requirements of other services, confusion and uncertainty resulting from absent or insufficient communication about services, and long waitlists...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Kari M Gloppen, Eric C Brown, Bradley H Wagenaar, J David Hawkins, Isaac C Rhew, Sabrina Oesterle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Megan E Gilster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
Leonard A Jason, Ed Stevens, Daphna Ram
A variety of measures of sense of community have been developed, but the identification of latent factors in developed scales to measure this construct have encountered significant psychometric problems involving reliability and validity. We present a new measure called the Psychological Sense of Community Scale, which is based on 3 distinct ecological domains involving the individual, microsystem and macrosystem. We used an exploratory factor analysis to investigate our three theoretical domains involving Self (identity and importance to self), Membership (social relationships), and Entity (a group's organization and purpose)...
November 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
(no author information available yet)
This article considers whether feelings of loneliness are associated with aspects of the home and neighbourhood of residence. Multinominal logistic regression models were used to explore associations between residential environment and loneliness in 4,000 residents across deprived areas of Glasgow. People who rated their neighbourhood environment of higher quality, and who used more local amenities, were less likely to report loneliness. Respondents who knew more people within the local area were less likely to report loneliness...
September 1, 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman, Alexandre B Laudet, Lois A Ritter, Aina Stunz, Lee Ann Kaskutas
BACKGROUND: The lack of established sampling frames makes reaching individuals in recovery from substance problems difficult. Although general population studies are most generalizable, the low prevalence of individuals in recovery makes this strategy costly and inefficient. Though more efficient, treatment samples are biased. AIMS: To describe multi-source recruitment for capturing participants from heterogeneous pathways to recovery; assess which sources produced the most respondents within subgroups; and compare treatment and non-treatment samples to address generalizability...
June 1, 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, S Darius Tandon, Tina L Cheng
A growing body of research provides support for the detrimental effects of stress during childhood on future adult health, however, less is known about how stress disrupts normal developmental processes. This pathway may be particularly relevant for urban adolescents who are exposed to additional contextual stressors. This study will longitudinally explore how psychological stress from multiple domains influences urban adolescents' career readiness. Two hundred youth (ages 14-21) completed surveys assessing their school, family, neighborhood and health stress...
April 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
Jonathan P Scaccia, Brittany S Cook, Andrea Lamont, Abraham Wandersman, Jennifer Castellow, Jason Katz, Rinad S Beidas
There are many challenges when an innovation (i.e., a program, process, or policy that is new to an organization) is actively introduced into an organization. One critical component for successful implementation is the organization's readiness for the innovation. In this article, we propose a practical implementation science heuristic, abbreviated as R= MC(2) . We propose that organizational readiness involves: 1) the motivation to implement an innovation, 2) the general capacities of an organization, and 3) the innovation-specific capacities needed for a particular innovation...
April 2015: Journal of Community Psychology
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