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International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine

Julia M Whealin, L King, P Shore, J L Spira
Objectives Home telemental health services have the potential to overcome many individual and systemic barriers to care facing military veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. However, little is known about the home telemental health-related attitudes and experiences of highly underserved rural or ethnically, racially diverse veterans. This study evaluated whether ethnically/racially diverse U.S. veterans residing in the rural Pacific Islands would find the delivery of evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder via home telemental health tablet devices useful and helpful...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Eric P Simon, Richard McClaflin, Rachel Zonca, Karen Mikuni, Willard Chung, Ethan Etnyre, Lindsey Faucette, David Oates, Chuck Merrill
Background and Objectives This pilot study provides a description and evaluation of process-oriented dynamic group psychotherapy for depression as a teaching modality for family medicine residents. The main purpose of using this modality was to teach family medicine residents a variety of psychological clinical skills. A secondary benefit of this modality was to provide in-house, primary care treatment to depressed patients, although the efficacy of this was not evaluated in the present study. Methods A 10-item, self-report, Likert-type questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of family medicine residents who had participated in the program...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Bruce Arroll, Suzanne M Henwood, Fred I Sundram, Douglas W Kingsford, Vicki Mount, Steve P Humm, Henry B Wallace, Avinesh Pillai
Objective To assess the effectiveness of a novel imaginal intervention for people with acrophobia. Methods The design was a randomized controlled trial with concealed randomization and blinded to other participants' intervention. The intervention was a single novel imaginal intervention session or a 15-min meditation. The setting was in Auckland, New Zealand. The participants were a convenience sample of the public with a score >29 on the Heights Interpretation Questionnaire (HIQ), a questionnaire validated against actual height exposure...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Ozalp Ekinci, Çetin Okuyaz, Serkan Günes, Nuran Ekinci, Gülhan Örekeci, Halenur Teke, Meltem Çobanoğulları Direk
Objective Attention problems are common in children who sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The differential features of TBI-related Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and primary ADHD are largely unknown. This study aimed to compare sleep problems and quality of life between children with TBI and ADHD and children with primary ADHD. Methods Twenty children with TBI (mean age = 12.7 ± 3.1 years) who had clinically significant ADHD symptoms according to the structured diagnostic interview and rating scales and a control group with primary ADHD (n = 20) were included...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Daniel M Goldberg, Hsien-Chang Lin
Objective The Mental Health Parity and Addictions Equality Act (MHPAEA) of 2010 in the United States sought to expand mental health insurance benefits on par with medical benefits. As primary care facilities are often the first step in identifying mental health concerns, it is essential to examine the association of this policy with primary care physicians' choice on depression treatment. Method A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the 2007-2012 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, including a weighted total of 162,699,930 depression patients...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
I-Chun Chen, MingHuei Lee, Shang-Liang Wu, Hsuan-Hung Lin, Kun-Min Chang, HsiuYing Lin
Objectives Somatic symptoms are somatic complaints accompanied by disproportionate thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to such symptoms. The study investigated five International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnoses hallmarked by somatic symptoms. The study hypothesized an increased risk of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome in patients with somatic symptoms. Methods The raw data were obtained from a nationwide health insurance reimbursement database over a 12-year period from 2002 to 2013...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Katia Locatelli, David Boccara, Antoine De Runz, Mathilde Fournier, Marc Chaouat, François Villa, Maurice Mimoun
Objective A thorough psychological assessment of patients requesting cosmetic surgery can help to protect them from the risk of postoperative dissatisfaction and the onset and/or aggravation of psychiatric disorders. This study seeks to shed more light on why people desire cosmetic surgery and thus help surgeons, psychiatrists, and psychologists to conduct assessments before surgery. Methods In-depth interviews were conducted with 35 subjects who requested cosmetic surgery. The interviews were recorded and transcribed and then analyzed qualitatively with Grounded Theory...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Colleen T Fogarty, Paul Winters, Subrina Farah
INTRODUCTION: Researchers and clinicians are concerned about the impact of electronic health record use and patient-centered communication. Training about patient-centered clinical communication skills with the electronic health record may help clinicians adapt and remain patient-centered. METHODS: We developed an interactive workshop eliciting challenges and opportunities of working with the electronic health record in clinical practice, introduction of specific patient-centered behaviors and mindful practice techniques, and video demonstrating contrasts in common behavior and "better practices...
May 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Lauren D Oshman, Gene N Combs
INTRODUCTION: Motivational interviewing is a useful skill to address the common problem of patient ambivalence regarding behavior change by uncovering and strengthening a person's own motivation and commitment to change. The Family Medicine Milestones underline the need for clear teaching and monitoring of skills in communication and behavior change in Family Medicine postgraduate training settings. METHODS: This article reports the integration of a motivational interviewing curriculum into an existing longitudinal narrative therapy-based curriculum on patient-centered communication...
May 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Thomas W Bishop, James Gorniewicz, Michael Floyd, Fred Tudiver, Amy Odom, Kathy Zoppi
This workshop demonstrated the utility of a patient-centered web-based/digital Breaking Bad News communication training module designed to educate learners of various levels and disciplines. This training module is designed for independent, self-directed learning as well as group instruction. These interactive educational interventions are based upon video-recorded patient stories. Curriculum development was the result of an interdisciplinary, collaborative effort involving faculty from the East Tennessee State University (ETSU) Graduate Storytelling Program and the departments of Family and Internal Medicine at the James H...
May 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Tanya White-Davis, Emma Stein, Alison Karasz
OBJECTIVES: For centuries, the concept of race, a uniquely pervasive social construct, has often complicated dialogue and interactions between groups of people. This study assessed perceptions and attitudes of faculty and trainees with varied racial backgrounds within graduate medical and psychology programs. Self-reported responses addressed potential barriers and facilitating factors required for meaningful conversations about race. METHODS: A brief 18-question survey was developed and administered electronically to three professional and academic Listservs within a large metropolitan city in northeast United States...
May 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Julie Rickert, Kwanza Devlin, Kimberly Krohn
Chronic non-cancer pain is a common condition associated with tremendous risk for morbidity and mortality. In many settings, the management of chronic non-cancer pain by primary care providers, although customary, can be difficult due to inadequate training and conflicts between patient expectations and best practices. Resident physicians, faculty, and staff of this family medicine residency program developed a comprehensive chronic pain management program to address these issues while improving patient outcomes...
May 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
David A Nelson, Leslie A Ruffalo, Alexandra J Dyer, Karen H Nelson
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of overweight and obese individuals in the United States is growing, and primary health care represents a setting in which providers may address weight with their patients. However, many providers and medical trainees feel ill-prepared to address the full scope of complexities associated with weight loss. This study sought to investigate patients' perceptions of the barriers and facilitators they encountered in their weight loss journeys. The results of the mixed-methods study will be used to inform a better understanding among providers and medical students of how to address weight loss with their patients...
May 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Elizabeth W Klein, Maliheh Nakhai
This article summarizes the components of a curriculum used to teach family medicine residents and faculty about LGBTQ patients' needs in a family medicine residency program in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. This curriculum was developed to provide primary care physicians and physicians-in-training with skills to provide better health care for LGBTQ-identified patients. The curriculum covers topics that range from implicit and explicit bias and appropriate terminology to techniques for crafting patient-centered treatment plans...
May 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Dennis J Butler, John R Freedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Alper Evrensel, Barış Önen Ünsalver, Aslı Akyol, Mehmet Emin Ceylan
Paroxetine is one of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant drugs. Galactorrhea can be seen during antidepressant treatments. There are a few reports in literature on paroxetine use and related prolactin level changes. We present a case that was receiving paroxetine in whom despite low blood levels of the drug, hyperprolactinemia, and galactorrhea was found. We present a case that was receiving paroxetine despite low drug blood levels, hyperprolactinemia, and galactorrhea was found in this article...
April 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Marie Rosa Mews, Deborah Tauch, Hebun Erdur, Arnim Quante
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic, management, and treatment recommendations made by consultation-liaison psychiatrists (CLP) and neurologists (CLN) for suspected delirium and to investigate factors that may have influenced the choice for a particular consultation service. METHOD: In this retrospective case analysis, we screened the files of 1882 (CLP: 1112, CLN: 770) inpatients seen by CLP and CLN at the Charité - University Medicine, Berlin, Germany, in 2013...
April 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Sarah Sicher, Joanna Gedzior
This article aims to promote awareness among primary care providers and support electroconvulsive therapy as a generally well-tolerated, effective therapeutic modality to treat specific psychiatric conditions in appropriately selected patients. There seem to be several potential barriers to treatment with electroconvulsive therapy including stigma, lack of providers who preform it, and lack of awareness among providers referring patients who may be appropriate candidates. The article provides a brief overview of electroconvulsive therapy principles and topics and includes a case report to illustrate clinical utility...
April 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Joey C Prisnie, Kirsten M Fiest, Shelagh B Coutts, Scott B Patten, Callie Am Atta, Laura Blaikie, Andrew Gm Bulloch, Andrew Demchuk, Michael D Hill, Eric E Smith, Nathalie Jetté
OBJECTIVE: The best screening questionnaires for detecting post-stroke depression have not been identified. We aimed to validate four commonly used depression screening tools in stroke and transient ischemic attack patients. METHODS: Consecutive stroke and transient ischemic attack patients visiting an outpatient stroke clinic in Calgary, Alberta (Canada) completed a demographic questionnaire and four depression screening tools: Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9, PHQ-2, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D), and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)...
April 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Gulen Guler, Meryem Ozlem Kutuk, Veli Yildirim, Gonca Gül Celik, Fevziye Toros, Abtullah Milcan
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by obsessions and compulsions. Early-onset OCD is one of the most common mental illnesses of children and adolescents, with a prevalence of 1% to 3%. It is related to worse lifespan symptoms and prognosis. Therefore, the treatment of OCD in children and adolescent has gained importance. If it is not treated successfully, the compulsive behaviors may cause extreme stress for children and their parents. Although minor complications of OCD are commonly observed, major complications are considerably rare due to the nature of compulsive behaviors...
April 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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