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International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine

Russell Blackwelder
Aligning patient goals with treatment plans is an ongoing challenge in the current healthcare environment. Particularly in patients with multiple comorbidities and terminal illness, this planning is even more important. This poem, which tells the story of a dying patient, highlights the significance of prioritizing patient values and the teamwork it often takes to achieve patient goals. In this case, the patient's goal was to make it to his granddaughter's wedding and give a special toast at the reception. A team of healthcare professionals assembled and attempted to align our objectives with his, and this poem tells of that journey...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Yan Chen, Enyan Yu, Zhengluan Liao, Yunfei Tan, Yaju Qiu, Junpeng Zhu, Sisi Lin, Minghao Wu
Objective This study aimed to identify misdiagnosed or undiagnosed psychiatric disorders and the factors associated with these disorders in patients with sleep problems who are referred to a consultation-liaison service. Method Records of all inpatients receiving a consultation from the Psychiatry Department between January and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Psychiatric diagnoses were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and the factors associated with the risk of these disorders in patients with sleep problems were determined by multiple logistic regression analysis...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Jeffrey J Weiss, Sarah Prieto, Norbert Bräu, Douglas T Dieterich, Sue M Marcus, Alicia Stivala, Jack M Gorman
Objective The primary study objective is to determine which measures of depression are associated with early discontinuation of hepatitis C virus infection treatment and to determine which measure best characterizes the depression that develops during treatment. Methods Seventy-eight treatment-naïve subjects who initiated pegylated interferon/ribavirin treatment for hepatitis C virus infection were included. Baseline depression was assessed with the Structured Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV), the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory-II...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Nazmiye K Yıldırım, Mine Özkan, Ahmet S İlgün, Dauren Sarsenov, Gül Alço, Fatma Aktepe, Nesiba Kalyoncu, Filiz İzci, Derya Selamoğlu, Çetin Ordu, Kezban N Pilancı, Zeynep E İyigün, Yeşim Eralp, Vahit Özmen
Objective The aim of the present study was to investigate the possibility of the effect of life long stressful events, along with coping method used, perception of social support, and life style on the development of breast cancer. Methods In this hospital-based case control study, the study group comprised 250 women with breast cancer who were followed by Florence Nightingale Breast Study Group. Control group included 250 women, who had similar sociodemographic characteristics to the study group. Data were collected with semi-structured interview form, Healthy Life Style Behavior Scale, Coping Strategy Indicator, and Stress Evaluation Form developed by us...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Can-Jun Ruan, Xiao-Ling Zhang, Wei Guo, Wen-Biao Li, Hong-Yan Zhuang, Ya-Qiong Li, Chuan-Yue Wang, Yi-Lang Tang, Fu-Chun Zhou, Jose de Leon
Objective Serious infections or inflammations have been associated with serum clozapine concentration increases and sometimes with clozapine toxicity. Method These two cases describe Chinese patients (Case 1: a 57-year-old female nonsmoker with severe dermatitis and Case 2: a 47-year-old male nonsmoker with influenza and secondary infection). Results In both cases, the Drug Interaction Probability Scale established the presence of a probable drug-drug interaction. In both cases, the clozapine and the total clozapine concentration-to-dose ratios followed a temporal pattern (normal-high-normal), consistent with an inhibition of clozapine metabolism during peak inflammation...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Zachary Orlins
Psychiatrists may be among the clinicians to encounter a depressed and suicidal patient who wishes to discontinue life-sustaining treatment. A patient who is suffering from a condition such as dysarthria makes decision-making capacity (a physician's determination of a patient's ability to medically consent) increasingly difficult to assess. The clinician must balance ethical principles of autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice in order to achieve a plan of care that is in the patient's best interest...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Jeffrey L Sternlieb
Balint groups are a structured group process designed for physicians and other helping professionals to provide feedback to each other concerning troublesome patient encounters. The process of Balint groups has survived and even thrived for more than a half century since their inception, suggesting their inherent value. However, measuring the impact in order to communicate the nature of that value has been elusive. A recent literature review highlighted the equivocal nature of research results and suggested that well-designed qualitative research may be more effective in selecting target measures which could result in better evidence for this group process...
January 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
C Paul Scott, Laurel Milberg, Richard Addison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Kristen A Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
John Salinsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Melba A Hernandez-Tejada, Stephanie Hamski, David Sánchez-Carracedo
Objective Prolonged exposure is characterized by reported dropout rates ranging from 25% to 40%. This premature attrition is also observed in other evidence-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder. While home-based telehealth delivery of prolonged exposure resolves logistical barriers to care such as travel time and cost, dropout appears unaffected. A previous study on dropouts from prolonged exposure delivered via telehealth found that Veterans, particularly those receiving care via telehealth, reported problems with in vivo exposure and that having a peer to offer support during in vivo exposure assignments might have prevented their attrition from treatment...
July 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Andrew Elder
This article is based on a talk given at the International Balint Federation leadership congress in Warsaw (September 2016). It explores the conceptual foundations of Balint group leadership and starts by emphasizing the mutuality between psychoanalysts and medical practitioners working together. The parallel process between consulting room and group, and subsequently from group back to the consulting room, is delineated as the central construct in understanding the role of the leader. Having proposed a conceptual model for thinking about leadership interventions, the article discusses developments in some contemporary approaches to leadership: coleadership, the use of role play, psychodrama, pushback, and morale...
July 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Karen L Fortuna, Matthew C Lohman, John A Batsis, Elizabeth A DiNapoli, Peter R DiMilia, Martha L Bruce, Stephen J Bartels
Objective To compare patient experience with healthcare services and providers among older patients (≥50 years old) with and without serious mental illness. Methods Using secondary data from the Medical Expenditures Panel Survey from 2003 through 2013, we compared adults aged 50 years and older with schizophrenia spectrum disorder ( n = 106), mood disorders (i.e., major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder) ( n = 419), and no serious mental illness ( n = 34,921). Results Older adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorder reported significantly worse provider communication than older adults without serious mental illness...
July 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Boris Karpov, Grigori Joffe, Kari Aaltonen, Jaana Suvisaari, Ilya Baryshnikov, Maaria Koivisto, Tarja Melartin, Kirsi Suominen, Petri Näätänen, Martti Heikkinen, Jorma Oksanen, Erkki Isometsä
Objective Life expectancy of psychiatric patients is markedly shorter compared to the general population, likely partly due to smoking or misuse of other substances. We investigated prevalence and correlates of substance use among psychiatric patients. Methods Within the Helsinki University Psychiatric Consortium Study, data were collected on substance use (alcohol, smoking, and illicit drugs) among patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (n = 113), bipolar (n = 99), or depressive disorder (n = 188)...
July 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Sabrina Hofmeister, Andrya Soprych
Over 2 million adults in the United States are incarcerated and over 650,000 return to the community each year. This disparate population is known to have an elevated burden of chronic disease and lower socioeconomic status. Medical residency training about care of incarcerated or previously incarcerated patients is significantly lacking in the United States. Curriculum can be developed and implemented in residency programs to help physicians learn how to work with this population, be sensitive to their unique needs, and achieve positive health outcomes...
July 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Mohd Noor Norhayati, Mohd Azman Yacob
There was limited knowledge on the sexual function in women who have survived severe obstetric complications. The aim of this study was to compare the level of sexual functioning among women with and without severe morbidity at six months postpartum and to identify the factors associated with sexual function scores of women. A prospective double-cohort study design was applied at two tertiary hospitals over a six-month period. Postpartum women with and without severe maternal morbidity were selected as the exposed and the non-exposed group, respectively...
July 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Karolina Schantz, Chelsea Reighard, James E Aikens, Amparo Aruquipa, Bismark Pinto, Helen Valverde, John D Piette
Objective We assessed the validity and reliability of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) short form and the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) (two measures of depressive symptoms) among urban, low-income patients from a heavily indigenous area of Andean Latin America. This is a patient population that is in many ways culturally distinct from the populations that have been included in previous Spanish language validation studies of these instruments. Methods We administered the CES-D Yale version short form and the PHQ-8 to 107 outpatients at public hospitals in La Paz and El Alto, Bolivia...
July 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Jennifer Yc Edgoose
Many health care practitioners and educators feel stymied as to how to address the pervasive and persistent problem of health care disparities between racial and ethnic groups. The closing plenary for the 37th Forum for Behavioral Science in Family Medicine held in September 2016 reminded participants of the urgent need to attend to health inequities and provided both a theoretical framework as well as some sample resources for where to begin.
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
John F Clabby
The concept of cultural humility acknowledges the enormous task of becoming culturally competent by encouraging curiosity about the context within which others live. For physicians, this includes curiosity about the organizations in which they work as Outsiders in settings such as a new hospital or patients' homes. However, efforts to train healthcare professionals in cultural competence are often de-emphasized due to the pressure learners feel to acquire Medical Knowledge and clinical skills. Little time is devoted to address the significance of cultural humility for fully appreciating the experiences of others...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
David Nelson, Leslie Ruffalo
There is an extraordinary burden placed upon the healthcare system and people as a result of health disparities that exist within the United States. If there is going to be a concerted effort to develop innovative strategies to reduce health disparities, input from the community and behavioral scientists can and should be included in this approach and narrative. Grant writing provides one vehicle to express the narrative and to provide a means to fund research and programs within clinic-based and community settings...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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