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Rehabilitation Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672077/use-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-flourishing-scale-among-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Marisa J Perera, Michelle A Meade, Lisa DiPonio
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Despite increased interest in the topic of resilience in rehabilitation, there has been no psychometric investigation of the Flourishing Scale (FS) in a sample of adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). The present study examined the reliability, convergent validity, and factor structure of the FS. Research Method/Design: Data for this project were extracted from a larger study on happiness and quality of life after SCI. For this study, information was collected using a cross-sectional mail survey design of adults with SCI...
April 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672076/it-takes-two-parent-functioning-within-the-pediatric-chronic-pain-experience-and-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-treatment
#2
Ethan Benore, Alexandra Brenner, Gerard A Banez, Lu Wang, Sarah Worley
OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to examine relationships between parental behavior and cognition and treatment outcomes in children enrolled in an intensive interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation program. RESEARCH METHOD: 670 consecutive referrals of children with chronic pain were enrolled in a clinical database registry from 2009 to 2014. Participants and their parents completed measures of physical and psychosocial functioning, and pain-related severity ratings...
April 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672075/the-telephone-effect-overcoming-initiation-deficits-in-two-settings
#3
Kayci L Vickers, Michael E Keesler, Kelli S Williams, Jeremy Y Charles, Roy H Hamilton
PURPOSE: Disorders of motivation substantially impair an individual's ability to communicate with their families, therapists, and doctors. One method of overcoming initiation deficits is by utilizing the telephone effect, which is the ability for individuals with severe motivation deficits to communicate more readily when speaking on a telephone. However, little is available in the extant literature on how this effect works or how best to integrate this into patient care. This article aims to provide the first report of a proposed mechanism underlying the telephone effect and the first published procedures for eliciting this effect...
April 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648845/online-and-offline-awareness-deficits-anosognosia-for-spatial-neglect
#4
Peii Chen, Joan Toglia
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Anosognosia for spatial neglect (ASN) can be offline or online. Offline ASN is general unawareness of having experienced spatial deficits. Online ASN is an awareness deficit of underestimating spatial difficulties that likely to occur in an upcoming task (anticipatory ASN) or have just occurred during the task (emergent ASN). We explored the relationships among spatial neglect, offline ASN, anticipatory ASN, and emergent ASN. Research Method/Design: Forty-four survivors of stroke answered questionnaires assessing offline and online self-awareness of spatial problems...
April 12, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528664/relax-while-you-rehabilitate-a-pilot-study-integrating-a-novel-yoga-based-mindfulness-group-intervention-into-a-residential-military-brain-injury-rehabilitation-program
#5
Martha A Combs, Edan A Critchfield, Jason R Soble
OBJECTIVE: This preliminary, pilot study assessed the effectiveness of a group-based, mindfulness intervention in a residential, rehabilitation setting with specific focus on assessing participants' self-report of perceived benefit of the intervention on overall health, pain, sleep, mood/anxiety, attention, and self-awareness, as well as implementing modifications needed for successful intervention application among a diverse, clinical military population. METHOD/DESIGN: Participants were 19 veterans and active duty service members with a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI; 63% severe) who completed a mindfulness-based group intervention during inpatient admission at a Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Transitional Rehabilitation Program (PTRP)...
March 12, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553791/association-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-traumatic-brain-injury-with-aggressive-driving-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-combat-veterans
#6
Elizabeth E Van Voorhees, Daniel A Moore, Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric A Dedert, Kirsten H Dillon, Eric B Elbogen, Patrick S Calhoun
PURPOSE: Aggressive driving contributes to the high rates of postdeployment motor vehicle-related injury and death observed among veterans, and veterans cite problems with anger, aggressive driving, and road rage as being among their most pressing driving-related concerns. Both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been associated with driving-related deficits in treatment-seeking samples of veterans, but the relative contribution of each of these conditions to problems with aggressive driving in the broader population of combat veterans is unclear...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553790/problem-solving-biofeedback-and-severe-brain-injury-the-moderating-role-of-positive-affect
#7
Sonya Kim, Joseph F Rath, Vance Zemon, Marie M Cavallo, Rollin McCraty, Ana Sostre, Frederick W Foley
OBJECTIVE: To examine how positive affect influences ability to benefit from heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback treatment for individuals with severe brain injury. METHOD: Secondary data analysis of a nonrandomized experimental study that assessed the efficacy of biofeedback treatment for executive dysfunction in 13 individuals with chronic severe brain injury. RESULTS: Bivariate correlations between the predictors (levels of HRV and positive affect) and the outcome (change in Category Test errors) showed large effect sizes for higher levels of HRV coherence (r = -...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553789/differences-in-level-of-upper-limb-loss-on-functional-impairment-psychological-well-being-and-substance-use
#8
Nathan T Kearns, Warren T Jackson, Timothy R Elliott, Tiffany Ryan, Trey W Armstrong
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The present study examines associations between levels of limb loss (partial hand vs. higher levels of limb loss) and eight clinically relevant measures of functional impairment, psychological well-being, and substance use. Research Method/Design: A cross-sectional, multisite study conducted at seven prosthetic rehabilitation centers across the United States. A total of 305 participants with upper limb loss (Mage = 44.28, SD = 15.45; 68.5% male; 70.5% white) completed orally administered self-assessments of pain interference, perceived activity restrictions, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, emotional reaction to their physical condition, problematic alcohol use, prescription medication overuse, and illicit drug use...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553788/transformational-mentoring-leadership-behaviors-of-spinal-cord-injury-peer-mentors
#9
Robert B Shaw, Christopher B McBride, Sheila Casemore, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the leadership behaviors of spinal cord injury (SCI) peer mentors and examine whether behaviors of peer mentors align with the tenets of transformational leadership theory. METHOD: A total of 12 SCI peer mentors aged 28-75 (M = 49.4) who had between 3 and 56 years (M = 13.9) of mentoring experience were recruited for the study. Utilizing a qualitative methodology (informed by a social constructionist approach), each mentor engaged in a semistructured interview about their experiences as a peer mentor...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553787/qualitative-exploration-of-traumatic-brain-injury-related-beliefs-among-u-s-military-veterans
#10
Paul R King, Gregory P Beehler, Bonnie M Vest, Kerry Donnelly, Laura O Wray
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Explore cognitive, affective, and experiential factors that inform veterans' traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related beliefs. Research Method/Design: Qualitative descriptive study of 22 veterans who received care for TBI at a VA Medical Center in the Northeastern United States using directed content analysis. Measures included a semistructured interview, demographic survey, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption Items (AUDIT-C), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), PTSD Checklist (PCL), Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI), and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI)...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553786/do-depressive-symptoms-influence-cognitive-motor-coupling-in-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Ipek Ensari, Julia M Balto, Elizabeth A Hubbard, Lara A Pilutti, Robert W Motl
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that motor and cognitive impairments often co-occur in multiple sclerosis (MS). There is little research on influences of cognitive-motor coupling, particularly depressive symptoms. This study examined depressive symptoms as a moderator and/or confounder of cognitive-motor coupling in persons with MS. METHOD: The sample included 131 persons with MS who were allocated into elevated and nonelevated depressive symptom groups based on a cutoff score of 8 on the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553785/do-multiple-sclerosis-symptoms-moderate-the-relationship-between-self-efficacy-and-physical-activity-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Blathin Casey, Marcin Uszynski, Sara Hayes, Robert Motl, Stephen Gallagher, Susan Coote
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the bivariate correlations between objective physical activity (PA), self-efficacy, and a range of multiple sclerosis (MS) symptom measures. Also, to determine whether any MS symptom measures moderate the relationship between self-efficacy and PA. METHOD: Baseline analysis from a randomized control trial exercise plus a behavior change intervention was used. Fifty-nine physically inactive people with a definite diagnosis of MS were included...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553784/psychometric-properties-of-measures-of-motivation-and-engagement-after-acquired-brain-injury
#13
Andrea Kusec, Carol DeMatteo, Diana Velikonja, Jocelyn E Harris
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated psychometric properties of the Motivation for Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation Questionnaire (MOT-Q), the Brain Injury Rehabilitation Trust Motivation Questionnaire-Self (BMQ-S), the Rehabilitation Therapy Engagement Scale-Revised (RTES-R), and the BMQ-Relative (BMQ-R) in individuals with an acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: Thirty-nine patients with an ABI completed the MOT-Q, BMQ-S, measures of apathy (Apathy Evaluation Scale-Self), insight (Patient Competency Rating Scale-Self), depression, and anxiety (HADS)...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553783/perceptions-of-appropriateness-of-accommodations-for-university-students-does-disability-type-matter
#14
Alexandra Deckoff-Jones, Mary N Duell
PURPOSE: The purpose of this experiment was to examine the impact of disability type and accommodation type on participants' perceptions of the appropriateness of accommodations on university campuses. RESEARCH METHOD: Participants were 223 university students who evaluated the written symptom descriptions of 8 hypothetical university students with disabilities to determine whether a series of 8 different accommodations would be appropriate for them. RESULTS: Perceptions of accommodation appropriateness were impacted by both the type of disability and the type of accommodation under consideration...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553782/treatment-seeking-college-students-with-disabilities-presenting-concerns-protective-factors-and-academic-distress
#15
Allison R Fleming, Mary Edwin, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke, Allison J Lockard
Students with disabilities are a growing population on college campuses and have unique challenges that put them at risk for early departure, creating complexity in efforts to address their personal and academic needs. PURPOSE: The purpose was to explore academic and other sources of distress among college students with disabilities to identify possible areas where enhanced supports might benefit this population. Research Method and Design: Researchers analyzed cross-sectional data from the Center for Collegiate Mental Health to compare subsamples of students with (n = 1,774) and without disabilities (n = 1,774) on presenting concerns, and to determine significant predictors of academic distress among students with disabilities...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553781/development-of-a-novel-positive-psychology-based-intervention-for-couples-post-stroke
#16
Alexandra L Terrill, Maija Reblin, Justin J MacKenzie, Beth Cardell, Jackie Einerson, Cynthia A Berg, Jennifer J Majersik, Lorie Richards
OBJECTIVE: Stroke provides challenges for survivors and partner caregivers. Stroke survivors and caregivers are interconnected in their emotional health, including depression, a common stroke sequelae. The purpose of this study was to develop and test the feasibility of a dyadic positive psychology-based intervention (PPI) for couples coping poststroke. DESIGN: Community-dwelling couples consisted of 1 partner who had a stroke ≥6 months ago and a cohabiting partner caregiver...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553780/telephone-psychotherapy-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Barnaby J Proctor, Nima Moghaddam, William Vogt, Roshan das Nair
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to review the evidence for the effectiveness of telephone psychotherapy on psychological outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: We conducted a systematic search of EMBASE, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and hand-searched relevant journals to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effectiveness of telephone psychotherapy on psychological outcomes in people with MS (last search completed on October 1, 2015)...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553779/developing-an-integrative-level-dimensional-taxonomy-model-for-rehabilitation-psychology-research-and-practice
#18
Bernie J Mermis
OBJECTIVE: The present article concerns the development of a taxonomy model for organizing and classifying all aspects of rehabilitation psychology from an integrative level-dimensional conceptualization. This conceptualization is presented as an alternative to a primarily categorical approach to classification. It also assumes a continuity perspective for all aspects of behavior and experience. DESIGN: Development of this taxonomy model involves organizing information relevant to levels/domains of all aspects of behavior and experience, and to constructs describing their underlying components conceptually as well as dimensions which constitute the measurable basis of constructs...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154558/pilot-evaluation-of-a-resilience-training-program-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Kenneth I Pakenham, Matthew Mawdsley, Felicity L Brown, Nicola W Burton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and psychosocial outcomes of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)-based group resilience training program for people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Research Method/Design: The study used a pre-post group intervention design with 3-month follow-up. The intervention consisted of 8 group sessions of 2.5 hours each with 7 weekly sessions plus a booster Session 5 weeks later. Thirty-seven PwMS completed questionnaires. Primary psychosocial outcomes were resilience, quality of life (QoL), and distress...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981307/the-german-multidimensional-attitude-scale-toward-persons-with-disabilities-g-mas-a-factor-analytical-study-among-high-school-students
#20
Joachim Wöhrle, Sebastian Franke, Ruediger Kissgen
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Attitudes Scale Toward Persons with Disabilities (MAS) among German 10th graders, to advance knowledge about the situation in German classrooms with regard to attitudes toward persons with disabilities. METHOD: Four hundred twenty-one German 10th graders attending the most common regular schools of the German educational system completed the MAS. Confirmatory factor analyses, multigroup confirmatory factor analyses, multivariate analyses of variance and model based clustering were used to investigate: the factor structure, invariance of the factor structure across gender and school types, differences on the MAS between gender and school types, and the existence of groups of students with different attitudes...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
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