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Rehabilitation Psychology

Daniel W Klyce, Kristin M Graham, Russell W Lacey, William E Carter
PURPOSE: To compare recovery experienced during inpatient rehabilitation among individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) based on whether their acute care included the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment for Alcohol (CIWA) protocol. DESIGN: Participants included 234 individuals with TBI who completed inpatient rehabilitation at a TBI Model Systems site. Of these, 67 patients were treated using the CIWA protocol (TBI + CIWA); 167 patients were treated for TBI alone (TBI only)...
September 13, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Shuanghong Chen, Todd Jackson
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: A substantial percentage of people affected by chronic back pain maintain a high quality of life despite ongoing discomfort. Presumably, more resilient persons view pain and their capacities to manage it in a manner that mitigates pain-related dysfunction. Research Method/Design: To test this premise, 307 mainland Chinese adults with chronic back pain (189 women, 118 men) completed self-report measures of psychological resilience, pain beliefs (challenge appraisals of pain, pain self-efficacy, pain catastrophizing) and pain-related dysfunction (i...
September 13, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Jessica M Brooks, Garrett Huck, Kanako Iwanaga, Fong Chan, Jia-Rung Wu, Cruz A Finnicum, Emily A Brinck, Veronica Y Estala-Gutierrez
PURPOSE: People with chronic pain and related disability often report motivational difficulties with engaging in health-promoting behaviors. Although health promotion models of self-determination theory (SDT) and theory of planned behavior (TPB) have been shown to explain the motivational processes behind health behaviors in the general population, there is limited theoretical research among persons with chronic pain. This study examined the integration of such theories relevant to physical activity and exercise behavior among pain populations...
September 13, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Andrew J Hoisington, Deidra M Billera, Katherine L Bates, Christopher E Stamper, Kelly A Stearns-Yoder, Christopher A Lowry, Lisa A Brenner
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Recently, there has been an increase in the use of therapy animals, often dogs, to assist individuals with challenges associated with managing stressful social situations (i.e., psychological rehabilitation). Potential applications are wide-ranging from elementary schools to airports to hospitals. Here we present an overview of the present knowledge and provide recommendations for future research aimed at exploring the impact of therapy dogs on the rehabilitation of Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with a focus on the microbiome...
September 13, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Keryn Chemtob, Jeffrey G Caron, Michelle S Fortier, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Walter Zelaya, Shane N Sweet
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the peer mentorship experiences of adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) through a self-determination theory (SDT) lens. Research Method/Design: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 13 adults with SCI who received mentorship (i.e., mentees) from fellow adults with SCI (i.e., mentors) as part of an existing provincial peer mentorship program. There were two analyses conducted in this study. The first was deductive, which involved organizing relevant data as per the three basic psychological needs of self-determination theory (i...
September 13, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Mercedes A Zapata
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Personal disability identity (PDI) refers to a positive self-concept as a person with a disability. This study examined the reliability and structural validity of scores on the Personal Disability Identity Scale (PDIS; Hahn & Belt, 2004) and correlates of PDI in adults with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Research Method/Design: Two hundred six adult participants with RP completed a cross-sectional online survey measuring PDI, general self-efficacy, mobility tool use, age at diagnosis, education level, and demographic variables...
September 13, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Michele C McDonnall, Karla Antonelli
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an implicit measure of attitudes about the competence of people who are blind, to be used with employers, and to report on these implicit attitudes with a national sample of employers. METHOD: A sample of 343 employers (i.e., business professionals responsible for making hiring decisions) participated in an online survey that involved answering questions and completing formal instruments, including explicit and implicit attitude measures about blind employees and a knowledge measure about how blind people can perform typical work tasks...
August 13, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Kate Fiona Jones, Pat Dorsett, Grahame Simpson, Lynne Briggs
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The aim of this exploratory study was to consider how spirituality (encompassing meaning, hope and purpose), may facilitate family resilience after spinal cord injury (SCI) over time. Research Method/Design: A qualitative, longitudinal study design was adopted. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 10 family dyads (consisting of the individual with SCI and a nominated family member) on 2 occasions, 6 months apart. A thematic analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Participants reported drawing upon a range of different sources of spirituality, including religious faith, the natural world, inner strength, and meaningful connectedness with others...
July 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Joseph K McLaughlan, Leia Vos, Brigid Waldron-Perrine, Tanya Sherman, Scott R Millis
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Despite the widespread use of the Cognitive Log, information regarding normative performance is only available in individuals with known brain injury and in healthy college students. The purpose of the current research is to provide information about Cognitive Log performance in a regional group of rehabilitation patients without history of brain injury. Secondarily, non-neurological factors that may predict performance are considered. Research Method/Design: Participants included in this study were 121 consecutive patients admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation hospital spinal cord and orthopedic floor...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Brocha Z Stern, Lauren Strober, John DeLuca, Yael Goverover
OBJECTIVE: Increased age is associated with improved subjective well-being in the general population. However, there are conflicting findings regarding this association in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). In the present study, we examined differences in depression and quality of life (QOL) among 3 age groups of individuals with MS. METHOD: Participants consisted of 57 individuals with MS who were divided into 3 age groups: 35-44, 45-54, and 55-65 years...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Sonia Lippke, Sarah Pomp, Lena Fleig
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: After rehabilitation, it is important to maintain adopted target behaviors such as physical activity and physical exercise. By generating detailed behavioral plans, rehabilitants may translate their intentions into actual behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Conscientiousness would further facilitate this mechanism in a way that rehabilitants who are more conscientious would be more likely to act upon their plans. Research Method/Design: The study presents secondary analyses from a larger intervention in cardiac and orthopedic rehabilitation...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Samantha Bursnall, Elizabeth Kendall, Charles Edmund Degeneffe
OBJECTIVE: This study developed a comprehensive framework for understanding the process of sibling adjustment to pediatric acquired brain injury (ABI). PARTICIPANTS: Grounded theory methodology was employed to inductively explore the issues siblings perceived to be their main concerns and how they managed these concerns. Fifty-three interviews (N = 28) were conducted recursively with 20 child and adolescent siblings of individuals with an ABI, 4 adult siblings of individuals with an ABI, and 4 child and adolescent siblings of individuals with congenital disability...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Hsin-Yun Liu, Ching-Tzu Yang, Ming-Yueh Tseng, Ching-Yen Chen, Chi-Chuan Wu, Huey-Shinn Cheng, Yueh-E Lin, Yea-Ing L Shyu
OBJECTIVES: This secondary-analysis study aimed to identify distinct developmental depressive-symptom trajectories among elderly hip-fracture patients at risk for depression, examine the associations of trajectories with potential risk factors and care models, and explore the effect of trajectory membership on recovery outcomes. METHOD: Longitudinal data were obtained for 179 patients in a randomized controlled trial. These patients were included if their Geriatric Depression Scale short form scores were ≥ 5 before discharge or 1, 3, 6, or 12 months following discharge...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Susana Pedras, Estela Vilhena, Rui Carvalho, M Graça Pereira
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal multisite study examined the influence of demographic characteristics, psychological reactions, functionality, coping strategies, and social support on psychosocial adjustment to lower limb amputation 10 months after surgery. METHOD: Of an initial referral of 206 Portuguese patients, a sample of 86 patients who underwent a lower limb amputation due to Diabetes Mellitus Type II were evaluated during the hospitalization that preceded surgery (t0) and at inpatient follow-up consultations, 1 (t1), 6 (t2), and 10 months (t3) after surgery...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Edith Holloway, Bonnie Sturrock, Ecosse Lamoureux, Mark Hegel, Robin Casten, David Mellor, Gwyneth Rees
PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of Problem-Solving Treatment for Primary Care (PST-PC) delivered by low-vision rehabilitation (LVR) practitioners to adult clients with depressive symptoms. DESIGN/METHOD: A single-group pre/postintervention study. Eighteen adult LVR clients with depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ-9] score of ≥5) received 6-8 weekly telephone sessions of PST-PC delivered by expertly trained practitioners (n = 14)...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Michele Messmer Uccelli, Michela Ponzio
OBJECTIVE: To assess the parenting sense of competence in mothers and fathers with MS compared to a matched group of healthy parents and to evaluate whether illness features, mood, coping and social support influence parenting sense of competence in mothers and fathers with MS. METHOD/DESIGN: Participants in both groups were parents with at least 1 child under 18 years of age. They completed an anonymous online questionnaire of scales on parenting sense of competence, health-related quality of life, coping, depression and anxiety, and perceived social support...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Maya Kagan, Michal Itzick, Patricia Tal-Katz
OBJECTIVES: Psychological distress among people with physical disabilities (PWPD) might affect their physical morbidity, reduce their quality and duration of life, and increase their need for health care services. Therefore, it is essential to explore the factors that might affect psychological distress among PWPD. The current study assesses the association between demographic factors (gender, education, and employment status), health- and disability-related factors (type of disability, visibility of the disability, disability duration, and self-rated health), and psychosocial factors (perceived discrimination and perceived social support), and psychological distress among PWPD in Israel...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Scott D McDonald, Lisa D Goldberg-Looney, Melody N Mickens, Michael S Ellwood, Brian J Mutchler, Paul B Perrin
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive appraisals, that is, interpretations of what is observed and the personal relevance attributed to those observations, affect one's behavior and well-being. Despite the centrality of appraisals in the transactional model of stress and coping, the application of spinal cord injury (SCI)-specific appraisals to adjustment is a recent development. This study examined the psychometric properties of a measure of SCI-specific appraisals, the Appraisals of DisAbility Primary and Secondary Scale-Short Form (ADAPSS-sf)...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Shari L Wade, Gary Bedell, Jessica A King, Michele Jacquin, Lyn S Turkstra, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Jeremy Johnson, Ralph Salloum, Megan E Narad
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an app-based coaching intervention (Social Participation and Navigation; SPAN) to help survivors of acquired brain injury attain social participation goals. Research Method/Design: This is a nonrandomized pilot trial of SPAN, including 15 adolescents (9 with traumatic brain injury, 6 with brain tumor) between the ages of 14-22. The SPAN intervention consisted of a mobile app to support the development and implementation of social participation goals, weekly video-conference coaching sessions to identify goals and step-by-step action plans, and online didactic materials...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Lauren Terhorst, Shannon B Juengst, Kelly B Beck, Saul Shiffman
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to provide rehabilitation researchers with an explanation of multilevel item response theory (MLIRT), specifically applied to data collected using ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methods. DESIGN: This is a didactic brief report of a statistical method. The advantages of the method are illustrated using examples from the literature or clinical experience, and potential implications for rehabilitation science are highlighted...
August 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
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