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Rehabilitation Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425724/factors-impacting-sense-of-community-among-adults-with-brain-injury
#1
Nicole Ditchman, Fong Chan, Christopher Haak, Amanda B Easton
PURPOSE: Despite increasing interest in examining community outcomes following disability, sense of community (SOC) has received relatively no attention in the rehabilitation literature. SOC refers to feelings of belonging and attachment one has for a community and is of particular relevance for people with brain injury who are at increased risk of social isolation. The aim of this study was to investigate factors contributing to SOC for individuals with brain injury. METHOD: Members from 2 brain injury associations (n = 98) participated in this survey-based study...
April 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414502/change-in-explicit-and-implicit-motivation-toward-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-pulmonary-rehabilitation-and-associations-with-postrehabilitation-behaviors
#2
Guillaume Chevance, Nelly Héraud, Alain Varray, Julie Boiché
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was twofold: (a) to determine whether Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables and implicit attitudes toward physical activity and sedentary behavior would change during a 5-week pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program, and (b) to investigate the relationships between behavioral intentions, implicit attitudes, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in postrehabilitation. DESIGN: Out of 142 patients with respiratory disease included in this study, 119 completed 2 questionnaires measuring TPB variables with regard to physical activity and sedentary behavior, and an Implicit Association Test (IAT) measuring implicit attitudes toward physical activity in contrast to sedentary behavior...
April 17, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406651/perceived-social-support-moderates-the-relationship-between-activities-of-daily-living-and-depression-after-lower-limb-loss
#3
Derek R Anderson, Danielle S Roubinov, Aaron P Turner, Rhonda M Williams, Daniel C Norvell, Joseph M Czerniecki
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the moderating influence of perceived social support on the prospective relationship between baseline levels of activities of daily living (ADL) and depressive symptoms during the 1st year following amputation. METHOD: Participants included 73 veterans with new/first unilateral lower extremity amputation due to vascular disease or diabetes. Baseline levels of perceived social support, ADL function, and mobility were assessed by retrospective recall 6 weeks after amputation...
April 13, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406650/disability-identity-development-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Dominique A Lyew, Carlyn Mueller, Leah B Samples
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize existing empirical research on disability identity development. This review is organized to present the demographics of participants and types of disabilities represented in the existing data, measures of disability identity development and theoretical models of disability identity development. METHOD: Electronic databases (EBSCO, PsycINFO, ERIC, and Sociological Abstracts) were searched for all peer reviewed empirical studies published between 1980 and 2017...
April 13, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394146/solace-in-solidarity-disability-friendship-networks-buffer-well-being
#5
Arielle M Silverman, Ivan R Molton, Amanda E Smith, Mark P Jensen, Geoffrey L Cohen
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To determine whether having friends who share one's disability experiences is associated with higher well-being, and whether these friendships buffer well-being from disability-related stressors. Research Method/Design: In 2 cross-sectional studies, adults with long-term physical disabilities identified close friends who shared their diagnosis. We assessed well-being as a function of the number of friends that participants identified in each group. Study 1 included 71 adults with legal blindness living in the United States, while Study 2 included 1,453 adults in the United States with either muscular dystrophy (MD), multiple sclerosis (MS), post-polio syndrome (PPS), or spinal cord injury (SCI)...
April 10, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383947/the-effect-of-education-type-on-common-misconceptions-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Monica L De Iorio, Susan A Nolan, Susan Teague
PURPOSE: In the current study, we investigated the effects of existing education materials-either a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) factsheet or personal stories of people with TBI-on undergraduate students' misconceptions and attributions about the causes of TBI-related behavior. METHOD: Undergraduate students (N = 164) were recruited through the university participant pool. The participants were randomly assigned to receive either a factsheet about TBI, personal stories of people with TBI, or a control reading...
April 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383946/understanding-self-report-multidimensional-attitudes-scale-toward-people-with-disabilities-an-exploratory-analysis
#7
Junfei Lu, Ki Hyun Kim
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the factor structure of the Multidimensional Attitudes Scale Toward People With Disabilities (MAS) using participants from South Korea and assess the impact of participants' social desirability on this South Korean version of the MAS (MAS-K). Research Method/Design: One hundred eighty-nine college students without disabilities from 4 universities in South Korea completed an online survey. Among them, 75 were females. Participants completed the MAS-K and a social desirability scale...
April 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383945/utilizing-the-icf-to-understand-depressive-symptomology-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-exploratory-systematic-review
#8
Diana Dorstyn, Rebecca Black, Elias Mpofu, Ian Kneebone
PURPOSE: Acceptance of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in research and clinical practice has been delayed, despite its multiperspective approach to health measurement. This review utilized the ICF to examine evidence on the associations between depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning in a patient cohort: multiple sclerosis (MS). RESEARCH METHOD: Forty-nine studies, involving 7,548 adults with relapsing or progressive forms of MS, were quantitatively evaluated...
April 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318280/adjustment-between-work-demands-and-health-needs-development-of-the-work-health-balance-questionnaire
#9
Andrea Gragnano, Massimo Miglioretti, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Angela G E M de Boer
PURPOSE: This study presented the construct of Work-Health Balance (WHB) and the design and validation of the Work-Health Balance Questionnaire (WHBq). More and more workers have a long-standing health problem or disability (LSHPD). The management of health needs and work demands is crucial for the quality of working life and work retention of these workers. However, no instrument exists measuring this process. The WHBq assesses key factors in the process of adjusting between health needs and work demands...
March 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287757/crip-for-a-day-the-unintended-negative-consequences-of-disability-simulations
#10
Michelle R Nario-Redmond, Dobromir Gospodinov, Angela Cobb
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of disability simulations on mood, self-ascribed disability stereotypes, attitudes about interacting with disabled individuals, and behavioral intentions for improving campus accessibility. DESIGN: Experiment 1 evaluated disability-awareness simulations by randomly assigning undergraduates (N = 60) with and without disabilities to stations simulating either dyslexia, hearing or mobility impairments. Experiment 2 extended the field study into the lab where undergraduates (N = 50) with and without disabilities each completed low vision, hearing impairment, and dyslexia simulations...
March 13, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165262/family-caregiver-adjustment-and-stroke-survivor-impairment-a-path-analytic-model
#11
Anna Pendergrass, Martin Hautzinger, Timothy R Elliott, Oliver Schilling, Clemens Becker, Klaus Pfeiffer
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms are a common problem among family caregivers of stroke survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between care recipient's impairment and caregiver depression, and determine the possible mediating effects of caregiver negative problem-orientation, mastery, and leisure time satisfaction. The evaluated model was derived from Pearlin's stress process model of caregiver adjustment. METHOD: We analyzed baseline data from 122 strained family members who were assisting stroke survivors in Germany for a minimum of 6 months and who consented to participate in a randomized clinical trial...
February 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206808/job-matching-an-interdisciplinary-scoping-study-with-implications-for-vocational-rehabilitation-counseling
#12
Marina Nützi, Bruno Trezzini, Lorenzo Medici, Urban Schwegler
PURPOSE: Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. RESEARCH METHOD: We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045281/environmental-barriers-and-social-participation-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#13
I-Hsuan Tsai, Daniel E Graves, Wenyaw Chan, Charles Darkoh, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Lisa A Pompeii
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between environmental barriers and social participation among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHOD: Individuals admitted to regional centers of the Model Spinal Cord Injury System in the United States due to traumatic SCI were interviewed and included in the National Spinal Cord Injury Database. This cross-sectional study applied a secondary analysis with a mixed effect model on the data from 3,162 individuals who received interviews from 2000 through 2005...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045280/workplace-accommodations-for-employees-with-disabilities-a-multilevel-model-of-employer-decision-making
#14
Apsara Telwatte, Jeromy Anglim, Sarah K A Wynton, Richard Moulding
PURPOSE: Existing research suggests that the decision to grant or deny workplace accommodations for people with disabilities is influenced by a range of legal and nonlegal factors. However, less is known about how these factors operate at the within-person level. Thus, we proposed and tested a multilevel model of the accommodation decision-making process, which we applied to better understand why people with psychological disabilities often experience greater challenges in obtaining accommodations...
January 2, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977231/african-american-dementia-caregiver-problem-inventory-descriptive-analysis-and-initial-psychometric-evaluation
#15
Brittny A Wells, Robert L Glueckauf, Daniel Bernabe, Michelle M Kazmer, Gabriel Schettini, Jane Springer, Dinesh Sharma, Hongdao Meng, Floyd B Willis, Neill Graff-Radford
OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives of the present study were: (a) to develop the African American Dementia Caregiver Problem Inventory (DCPI-A) that assesses the types and frequency of problems reported by African American dementia caregivers seeking cognitive-behavioral intervention, (b) to evaluate the intercoder reliability of the DCPI-A, and (c) to measure the perceived severity of common problems reported by this caregiver population. METHOD: The development of the DCPI-A was divided into 3 major steps: (a) creating an initial sample pool of caregiver problems derived from 2 parent randomized clinical trials, (b) formulating a preliminary version of the DCPI-A, and (c) finalizing the development of the DCPI-A that includes 20 problem categories with explicit coding rules, definitions, and illustrative examples...
December 15, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929325/social-competence-in-pediatric-burn-survivors-a-systematic-review
#16
Margo M Szabo, Kaitlyn A Ferris, Lauryn Urso, Ariel M Aballay, Christina L Duncan
OBJECTIVE: Youth sustaining burn injuries during childhood have dramatically increased survival rates due to improvements in medical treatment and multidisciplinary approaches to burn critical care and recovery. Despite positive advancements in burn treatment, youth sustaining such injuries may experience social deficits. Thus, this systematic review without meta-analysis investigation contributes to the growing literature on this topic by comparing social competence of pediatric burn survivors to youth without burns, and examining potential correlates of social competence among children and adolescents who have sustained burn injuries...
December 8, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929324/hither-and-thither-how-do-we-innovate
#17
Robert G Frank
The Dembo-Wright Lecture provided a forum to discuss how innovation occurs in general and in rehabilitation psychology. The 21st Century will rely upon the creation and enhancement of knowledge. Universities, industries and professional disciplines are challenged to develop models that nurture their development of knowledge jobs that create new systems or products. A new model of nurturing innovation: The Rainforest, relies upon creating ecosystems that bring together and support the critical groups allowing instances that propel spontaneous growth of sustainable enterprises...
December 8, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918176/comparing-depression-screening-tools-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-ms
#18
Joshua Hanna, Jonathan B Santo, Mervin Blair, Kathy Smolewska, Erin Warriner, Sarah A Morrow
OBJECTIVE: Depression is more common among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) than the general population. Depression in MS is associated with reduced quality of life, transition to unemployment, and cognitive impairment. Two proposed screening measures for depression in MS populations are the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen (BDI-FS). Our objective was to compared the associations of the BDI-FS and the HADS-D scores with history of depressive symptoms, fatigue, and functional outcomes to determine the differential clinical utility of these screening measures among persons with MS...
December 5, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831733/personal-assistance-disability-and-intimate-partner-violence-a-guide-for-healthcare-providers
#19
Jessica K Salwen, Anthea Gray, Linda R Mona
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to provide evidence-based guidance for health care providers to engage in brief and extensive assessment of intimate partner violence (IPV) and to initiate appropriate safety precautions and referrals, all within the context of disability. Research Method/Design: This article is a review of the literature on prevalence and risk factors for IPV in nondisabled couples and in couples where a partner has a disability, on various assessment tools, and on the impact of personal assistance on relationships...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831732/social-isolation-after-spinal-cord-injury-indicators-from-the-longitudinal-aging-study
#20
Susan D Newman, Chao Li, James S Krause
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a conceptual model of social isolation, incorporating social disconnectedness (objective measures) and perceived isolation (subjective appraisals) in an aging sample of participants with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHOD: The study used cross-sectional data from 768 participants from the most recent administration of the SCI Longitudinal Aging Study, which was initiated in 1973. Measures included the revised version of the Life Situation Questionnaire, items from the Craig Handicap Assessment Reporting Technique, and the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
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