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Rehabilitation Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682095/the-role-of-the-psychologist-with-disorders-of-consciousness-in-inpatient-pediatric-neurorehabilitation-a-case-series
#1
Sarah Lahey, Cynthia Beaulieu, Karen Sandbach, Angela Colaiezzi, Staci Balkan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The psychologist in an inpatient pediatric neurorehabilitation setting provides a vital role in the assessment, treatment, and management of pediatric patients with disorders of consciousness (DoC). Competencies are drawn from several specialty areas of professional psychology, including rehabilitation psychology, pediatric neuropsychology, and pediatric psychology. This specialized knowledge forms the basis for tailoring assessment and treatment plans specific to the individual brain injury profile, with the goals of enhancing diagnosis, prognosis, and care transition decision...
July 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682094/rehabilitation-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-moving-the-field-forward-executive-summary
#2
Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
Approximately 53 million Americans live with a disability. For decades, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been conducting and supporting research to discover new ways to minimize disability and enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities. After the passage of the Americans With Disabilities Act, NIH established the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, with the goal of developing and implementing a rehabilitation research agenda. Currently, 17 institutes and centers at NIH invest more than $500 million per year in rehabilitation research...
July 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682093/national-institutes-of-health-research-plan-on-rehabilitation
#3
(no author information available yet)
One in 5 Americans experiences disability that affects daily function because of impairments in mobility, impairments in cognitive function, sensory impairment, or communication impairment. The need for rehabilitation strategies to optimize function and reduce disability is a clear priority for research to address this public health challenge. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently published a Research Plan on Rehabilitation that provides a set of priorities to guide the field over the next 5 years (Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development [NICHD] & NIH Medical Rehabilitation Coordinating Committee [MRCC], 2016)...
July 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594194/conducting-preference-assessments-for-youth-with-disorders-of-consciousness-during-rehabilitation
#4
Adrianna Amari, Stacy J Suskauer, Valerie Paasch, Lauren K Grodin, Beth S Slomine
PURPOSE: Care and rehabilitation for individuals with disorders of consciousness (DOC) can be challenging; the use of observational data collection, individualized treatment programs, and incorporation of preferred, personally meaningful and salient items may be helpful in addressing such challenges during assessment and intervention. In this article, we extend the predominantly adult literature on use of salient items to promote differential responding by describing our methodology to identify preferred items across sensory domains for application during inpatient rehabilitation with children with DOC...
June 8, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594193/examination-of-traumatic-brain-injury-exposure-among-veterans-with-spinal-cord-injury
#5
Maggi A Budd, Thomas M Dixon, Scott D Barnett, Eni Njoh, Lance L Goetz, Lisa Ottomanelli
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated lifetime exposure to traumatic brain injury (TBI) among veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI) in order to describe outcome differences as a function of self-reported TBI history. DESIGN: Cross sectional study, veterans with SCI (N = 857) completed the Ohio State University TBI Identification interview method (OSU-TBI); Veterans RAND 36-Item Health Survey (VR-36); Quick Inventory for Depressive Symptomatology, Self-Report (QIDS-SR); Patient Health Questionnaire-9; Satisfaction with Life Scale; Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART; along with clinician-rated Functional Independence Measure (FIM) Total, Motor, and Cognitive scores...
June 8, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581321/does-functional-motor-incomplete-ais-d-spinal-cord-injury-confer-unanticipated-challenges
#6
Herb Ames, Catherine Wilson, Scott D Barnett, Eni Njoh, Lisa Ottomanelli
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Examine psychological challenges associated with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) among a cohort of Veterans. Research Method/Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. SCI Centers participating in a multisite evaluation of longitudinal employment, quality of life, and economic outcomes among a large cohort of veterans with SCI, the Predictive Outcome Model Over Time for Employment (PrOMOTE) project. A total of 1,047 patients from participating SCI Centers provided baseline interviews...
June 5, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581320/who-self-identifies-as-disabled-an-examination-of-impairment-and-contextual-predictors
#7
Kathleen R Bogart, Adena Rottenstein, Emily M Lund, Lauren Bouchard
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: According to Social Identity Theory, minority group members, like people with disabilities, manage stigma by either "passing" as majority group members or identifying with their minority group. Approximately 15% of the world's population has a disability, but only a fraction of those individuals identify themselves as people with disabilities. Disability identification has been associated with positive outcomes including psychosocial well-being, self-advocacy, and political engagement...
June 5, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581319/effect-of-the-environment-on-participation-in-spinal-cord-injuries-disorders-the-mediating-impact-of-resilience-grief-and-self-efficacy
#8
Sara M Locatelli, Bella Etingen, Scott Miskevics, Sherri L LaVela
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that the influence of environmental barriers on participation will be fully mediated by psychosocial factors (resilience, grief or loss, and self-efficacy) among individuals with spinal cord injuries and disorders. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional mailed survey with a national sample of veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders (n = 565), which included measures of demographics, perceived environmental barriers, participation, resilience, grief or loss, and self-efficacy...
June 5, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569523/mastery-motivation-and-executive-functions-as-predictors-of-adaptive-behavior-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-or-myelomeningocele
#9
Seth Warschausky, Jacqueline N Kaufman, Michael Evitts, William Schutt, Edward A Hurvitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To examine mastery motivation and executive functions or behaviors as predictors of adaptive behavior in adolescents and young adults with congenital neurodevelopmental conditions. METHOD: Participants were 2 groups of adolescents and young adults, ages 13-29, including 43 with cerebral palsy and 36 with myelomeningocele living with a parent or caregiver. Participants completed measures of mastery motivation, executive functions or behaviors, and a measure of adaptive behavior...
June 1, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569522/exercise-motivation-and-nonspecific-back-pain-a-comparison-of-patients-and-nonpatients
#10
Jens Kleinert, Ida Ott, Tobias Mierswa, Claudia G Levenig, Kerstin Wenge, Monika Hasenbring, Michael Kellmann
OBJECTIVE: Motivation is a key variable to consider during exercise or exercise therapy of individuals with back pain. Based on organismic integration theory, this study aims to improve the understanding of exercise motivation in patients and nonpatients by evaluating the relationships between typical motivational profiles and personal characteristics, therapy parameters and pain related variables. METHOD: One hundred nine women and 145 men with back pain (mean age 33...
June 1, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557473/vocational-interests-by-gender-and-race-10-years-after-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Jillian M R Clark, James S Krause
OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare vocational interests as a function of gender and race among 247 participants with spinal cord injury (SCI) approximately 10 years after SCI onset utilizing the 2004 edition of the Strong Interest Inventory (SII). RESEARCH METHOD: For this cross-sectional analysis nested within a prospective cohort study, data were collected via mail and analyzed at a medical university in the Southeastern United States. Among the 563 adults with traumatic SCI initially enrolled during inpatient rehabilitation at a specialty hospital, 247 met current study eligibility criteria and completed the SII approximately 10 years postinjury...
May 29, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471209/testing-an-integrated-self-determined-work-motivation-model-for-people-with-disabilities-a-path-analysis
#12
Timothy N Tansey, Kanako Iwanaga, Jill Bezyak, Nicole Ditchman
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with disabilities are more likely to live in poverty, have more health issues, and be less likely to be employed than their same-aged peers. Although these issues may be attenuated by vocational rehabilitation services, amotivation and ambivalence to employment can limit the readiness of persons with disabilities to engage in these services. Drawing on self-efficacy, self-determination, and stages of change theories, the purpose of this study was to develop and test an integrated self-determined work motivation model for people with disabilities...
May 4, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569535/a-review-of-the-use-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-cognistat-neurobehavioral-cognitive-status-examination-in-adults-post-cerebrovascular-accident
#13
Timothy Shea, Chelsea Kane, Melody Mickens
This Rehabilitation Measures Database summary provides a review of the psychometric properties of the Cognistat/Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination in individuals with cognitive impairment. A full review of the Cognistat/Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination as well as reviews of over 300 other instruments can be found at www.rehabmeasures.org. (PsycINFO Database Record
May 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569534/family-caregivers-opinions-about-interaction-with-the-environment-in-consciousness-disorders
#14
Pasquale Moretta, Luigi Trojano, Orsola Masotta, Viviana Cardinale, Vincenzo Loreto, Anna Estraneo
OBJECTIVES: To assess family caregivers' opinions about level of interaction with the environment in their relatives with disorders of consciousness (DOCs) and to explore psychological features of caregivers whose opinions diverge from clinicians' diagnosis. METHOD: Forty-five family caregivers of 38 DOC inpatients without communication abilities answered 2 questions assessing their opinion about level of interaction with the environment in their relatives. Self-report questionnaires were used to evaluate caregivers' depression, anxiety, psychophysiological disturbances, prolonged grief disorder, coping strategies, quality of perceived needs and social support...
May 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569533/evaluation-of-a-concentric-biopsychosocial-model-of-well-being-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#15
Susan Miller Smedema
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate a concentric biopsychosocial model of well-being in individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI). METHOD: Adults (N = 235) with SCI participated in this study. A cross-sectional design with hierarchical regression and Andrew Hayes' (2013) PROCESS mediation analysis procedure was used to evaluate the model. RESULTS: Each step of the hierarchical regression on life satisfaction, in which biological variables were entered first, social variables were entered second, and psychological variables were entered third, was significant...
May 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569532/college-age-adults-religiosity-family-functioning-and-values-and-willingness-to-provide-care-for-a-relative-with-a-chronic-health-condition
#16
Lisa D Goldberg-Looney, Paul B Perrin, Alejandra Morlett-Paredes, Melody N Mickens
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The population of adults age 65 and older is increasing at a faster rate than the rest of the U.S. POPULATION: As such, older adults, particularly those with chronic health conditions and disabilities, will require informal care from today's college-age adults. At present, there is no research examining factors predicting college-age individuals' willingness to provide care for a family member with a chronic condition. The purpose of this study was to examine the pattern of associations among college-age adults' religiosity, family functioning, family values, and willingness to provide care for a family member with a chronic health condition...
May 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569531/social-cognitive-factors-of-long-term-physical-exercise-7-years-after-orthopedic-treatment
#17
Juliane Paech, Sonia Lippke
OBJECTIVE: Although it has been confirmed that physical exercise improves orthopedic conditions, many individuals fail to maintain a regular exercise regimen after being discharged from medical rehabilitation. The present study examines the role of intention, social support, self-determination, planning, and self-efficacy in facilitating strength and endurance training. DESIGN: In a 7-year observational study, intention, received social support and self-determination were assessed at baseline, self-efficacy and planning at 6-month follow-up, and physical exercise at 1-year, 3-year, and 7-year follow-up...
May 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447808/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Yue Cao, Chao Li, Susan Newman, Jasmine Lucas, Susan Charlifue, James S Krause
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to identify the relationships of demographics, injury-related characteristics, employment, depressive symptoms, and health events with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among participants with spinal cord injury. RESEARCH METHOD: A total of 1,063 participants were recruited from 3 sites in different regions (Southeastern, Mountain, and Western) of the United States. Hispanics and non-Hispanic Blacks were oversampled. Three hundred sixty-nine were non-Hispanic White, followed by 361 non-Hispanic Black, 277 Hispanic, and 56 from other racial-ethnic groups...
May 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447807/developing-a-measure-to-assess-identity-reconstruction-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Lara M Stepleman, Rebecca M Floyd, Abbey Valvano-Kelley, Lauren Penwell-Waines, Sarah Wonn, Danielle Crethers, Rebecca Rahn, Suzanne Smith
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To develop and test initial validation of a theory-driven quantitative measure of identity reconstruction in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) based upon previous qualitative research. Research Method/Design: This study uses a cross-sectional survey design, in which 137 patients living with MS were recruited from an outpatient MS Center in the Southeastern U.S. Participants completed demographic items, Identity Reconstruction Assessment Scales (IRAS), Patient Determined Disease Steps, Medical Outcomes Study Measures of Patient Adherence, Chronic Disease Self-Efficacy Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Leeds MS Quality of Life Questionnaire, MS-Related Stigma Scale, and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-Short Form...
April 27, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447806/blame-coping-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-brain-injury
#20
Samantha DeDios-Stern, Eun-Jeong Lee
OBJECTIVE: Acquired brain injury (ABI) is associated with many physical and psychiatric conditions. Oftentimes, the individual's family members are responsible for providing long-term care, leaving caregivers vulnerable to negative effects of caregiving including stress, depression, and decreased quality of life. Attribution theory suggests that caregivers may blame the individual with the ABI for their injury as a way to understand their own circumstances. The objective of this study was to investigate caregiver coping strategies as possible mediators between caregiver family member blame and caregiver psychosocial outcomes among caregivers of individuals with ABI...
April 27, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
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