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Rehabilitation Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795831/problem-solving-therapy-for-suicide-prevention-in-veterans-with-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Sean M Barnes, Lindsey L Monteith, Georgia R Gerard, Adam S Hoffberg, Beeta Y Homaifar, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVE: Develop and test the acceptability and feasibility of Problem-Solving Therapy for Suicide Prevention (PST-SP), a group intervention aimed at improving problem solving and preventing suicide, among Veterans with hopelessness and moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH METHOD: Following treatment development, 16 U.S. Veterans with moderate-to-severe TBI and a Beck Hopelessness Scale score ≥4 participated in an acceptability and feasibility pilot study of PST-SP at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
August 10, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758773/disability-pride-protects-self-esteem-through-the-rejection-identification-model
#2
Kathleen R Bogart, Emily M Lund, Adena Rottenstein
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The rejection-identification model (RIM) argues that the negative impacts of stigma, such as decreased self-esteem, may be mitigated when members of the stigmatized group choose to identify with each other rather than with the majority culture. A previously unstudied potential RIM stigma-reduction mechanism is disability pride, which views disability as a source of valuable, enriching, and positive experience. Impairment, personal, and environmental factors based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) predict whether people will categorize themselves as disabled, but predictors of pride have received little examination...
July 31, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758772/validation-of-the-godin-leisure-time-exercise-questionnaire-classification-coding-system-using-accelerometry-in-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Robert W Motl, Rachel E Bollaert, Brian M Sandroff
OBJECTIVE: There have been recent efforts toward creating a health contribution score (HCS) from the Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ) that reflects public-health guidelines for levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). The HCS yields categories of insufficiently active (less substantial or low benefits), moderately active (some benefits), and active (substantial benefits). The present study examined the validity of the GLTEQ HCS and its categories as reflecting levels of MVPA in multiple sclerosis (MS)...
July 31, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682094/rehabilitation-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-moving-the-field-forward-executive-summary
#4
Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
Approximately 53 million Americans live with a disability. For decades, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been conducting and supporting research to discover new ways to minimize disability and enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities. After the passage of the Americans With Disabilities Act, NIH established the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, with the goal of developing and implementing a rehabilitation research agenda. Currently, 17 institutes and centers at NIH invest more than $500 million per year in rehabilitation research...
July 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682093/national-institutes-of-health-research-plan-on-rehabilitation
#5
(no author information available yet)
One in 5 Americans experiences disability that affects daily function because of impairments in mobility, impairments in cognitive function, sensory impairment, or communication impairment. The need for rehabilitation strategies to optimize function and reduce disability is a clear priority for research to address this public health challenge. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently published a Research Plan on Rehabilitation that provides a set of priorities to guide the field over the next 5 years (Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development [NICHD] & NIH Medical Rehabilitation Coordinating Committee [MRCC], 2016)...
July 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836811/clinical-utility-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-disability-rating-scale-with-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Michael W Williams, Evan L Smith
This Rehabilitation Measures Database summary provides a review of the psychometric properties of the Disability Rating Scale (DRS) which is an observer-rated instrument designed to measure general functional disability in individuals with traumatic brain injury. A full review of the DRS as well as reviews of over 300 other instruments can be found at www.rehabmeasures.org. (PsycINFO Database Record
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836810/a-review-of-the-literature-on-pediatric-concussions-and-return-to-learn-rtl-implications-for-rtl-policy-research-and-practice
#7
Jilian A O'Neill, Molly K Cox, Olivio J Clay, James M Johnston, Thomas A Novack, David C Schwebel, Laura E Dreer
OBJECTIVE: While reintegration of concussed youth back into sports has been increasingly studied over the past decade, a noticeably lacking yet growing body of research has begun to focus on issues surrounding return to academics or "return-to-learn" (RTL). The objective of this article was to conduct a comprehensive literature review to identify the full range of themes and gaps in the current body of RTL research. STUDY DESIGN: Researchers analyzed PubMed, PsycINFO, and ERIC databases to identify all recent (January 2000 through May 2016) empirical publications on the RTL process following youth concussions...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836809/teen-online-problem-solving-for-teens-with-traumatic-brain-injury-rationale-methods-and-preliminary-feasibility-of-a-teen-only-intervention
#8
Shari L Wade, Megan E Narad, Kathleen M Kingery, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Michael W Kirkwood, Keith O Yeates
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To describe the Teen Online Problem Solving-Teen Only (TOPS-TO) intervention relative to the original Teen Online Problem Solving-Family (TOPS-F) intervention, to describe a randomized controlled trial to assess intervention efficacy, and to report feasibility and acceptability of the TOPS-TO intervention. Research method and design: This is a multisite randomized controlled trial, including 152 teens (49 TOPS-F, 51 TOPS-TO, 52 IRC) between the ages of 11-18 who were hospitalized for a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury in the previous 18 months...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836808/social-cognitive-predictors-of-vocational-outcomes-in-transition-youth-with-epilepsy-application-of-social-cognitive-career-theory
#9
Connie Sung, Annemarie Connor
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the utility of social-cognitive career theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) as a framework to investigate career self-efficacy, outcome expectations, goals, and contextual supports and barriers as predictors of choice actions among transition-age individuals with epilepsy. Moreover, these SCCT constructs are offered as an operational definition of work participation in this population. METHOD: Using a quantitative descriptive research design and hierarchical regression analysis (HRA), 90 transition-age individuals with epilepsy, age 18-25, were recruited from affiliates of the Epilepsy Foundation and invited to complete an online survey comprised of a series of self-report social-cognitive measures...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836807/health-self-management-transition-readiness-and-adaptive-behavior-in-persons-with-cerebral-palsy-or-myelomeningocele
#10
Seth Warschausky, Jacqueline N Kaufman, William Schutt, Michael Evitts, Edward A Hurvitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to examine the associations between generic and condition-specific health self-management and levels of adaptive behavior in 2 groups of transition-age youth with congenital neurodevelopmental conditions. METHOD: The sample included 43 adolescents/young adults diagnosed with cerebral palsy (CP) and 36 with spina bifida/myelomeningocele (SBM), ages 13-29, mean age 18.96 (4.77), 51.9% female. Health self-management was assessed with the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ) completed by the child, and the Kennedy Krieger Independence Scales-Spina Bifida (KKIS-SB) completed by the parent/guardian...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836806/the-kennedy-krieger-independence-scales-sickle-cell-disease-executive-components-of-transition-readiness
#11
Kelly E Jones, Lisa A Jacobson, Reem A Tarazi
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Youth with sickle cell disease (SCD) are at an increased risk for executive dysfunction and simultaneously have increased self-management needs compared to typical adolescents. This unique combination may contribute, in part, to difficulties during transition to young adulthood. Current measures assessing adaptive skills do not assess the executive components (e.g., initiation, prospective memory) of SCD-related self-care tasks. Modeled on the KKIS-Spina Bifida (Jacobson et al...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836805/pediatric-rehabilitation-psychology-rehabilitating-a-moving-target
#12
Jacqueline N Kaufman, Sarah Lahey, Beth S Slomine
The current special section includes manuscripts focusing on four aspects of pediatric rehabilitation psychology that are unique to this practice area. The first domain addressed is natural developmental progression in the context of a disability (i.e., habilitation). The next domain addressed in this special section is pediatric rehabilitation; pediatric rehabilitation psychology addresses the reacquisition of previously attained skills and abilities within the context of the natural developmental milieu. This special section also highlights the inherently interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary nature of pediatric rehabilitation psychology given the complex environment in which children exist...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682095/the-role-of-the-psychologist-with-disorders-of-consciousness-in-inpatient-pediatric-neurorehabilitation-a-case-series
#13
Sarah Lahey, Cynthia Beaulieu, Karen Sandbach, Angela Colaiezzi, Staci Balkan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The psychologist in an inpatient pediatric neurorehabilitation setting provides a vital role in the assessment, treatment, and management of pediatric patients with disorders of consciousness (DoC). Competencies are drawn from several specialty areas of professional psychology, including rehabilitation psychology, pediatric neuropsychology, and pediatric psychology. This specialized knowledge forms the basis for tailoring assessment and treatment plans specific to the individual brain injury profile, with the goals of enhancing diagnosis, prognosis, and care transition decision...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569522/exercise-motivation-and-nonspecific-back-pain-a-comparison-of-patients-and-nonpatients
#14
Jens Kleinert, Ida Ott, Tobias Mierswa, Claudia G Levenig, Kerstin Wenge, Monika Hasenbring, Michael Kellmann
OBJECTIVE: Motivation is a key variable to consider during exercise or exercise therapy of individuals with back pain. Based on organismic integration theory, this study aims to improve the understanding of exercise motivation in patients and nonpatients by evaluating the relationships between typical motivational profiles and personal characteristics, therapy parameters and pain related variables. METHOD: One hundred nine women and 145 men with back pain (mean age 33...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594194/conducting-preference-assessments-for-youth-with-disorders-of-consciousness-during-rehabilitation
#15
Adrianna Amari, Stacy J Suskauer, Valerie Paasch, Lauren K Grodin, Beth S Slomine
PURPOSE: Care and rehabilitation for individuals with disorders of consciousness (DOC) can be challenging; the use of observational data collection, individualized treatment programs, and incorporation of preferred, personally meaningful and salient items may be helpful in addressing such challenges during assessment and intervention. In this article, we extend the predominantly adult literature on use of salient items to promote differential responding by describing our methodology to identify preferred items across sensory domains for application during inpatient rehabilitation with children with DOC...
June 8, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594193/examination-of-traumatic-brain-injury-exposure-among-veterans-with-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Maggi A Budd, Thomas M Dixon, Scott D Barnett, Eni Njoh, Lance L Goetz, Lisa Ottomanelli
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated lifetime exposure to traumatic brain injury (TBI) among veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI) in order to describe outcome differences as a function of self-reported TBI history. DESIGN: Cross sectional study, veterans with SCI (N = 857) completed the Ohio State University TBI Identification interview method (OSU-TBI); Veterans RAND 36-Item Health Survey (VR-36); Quick Inventory for Depressive Symptomatology, Self-Report (QIDS-SR); Patient Health Questionnaire-9; Satisfaction with Life Scale; Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART; along with clinician-rated Functional Independence Measure (FIM) Total, Motor, and Cognitive scores...
June 8, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581321/does-functional-motor-incomplete-ais-d-spinal-cord-injury-confer-unanticipated-challenges
#17
Herb Ames, Catherine Wilson, Scott D Barnett, Eni Njoh, Lisa Ottomanelli
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Examine psychological challenges associated with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) among a cohort of Veterans. Research Method/Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. SCI Centers participating in a multisite evaluation of longitudinal employment, quality of life, and economic outcomes among a large cohort of veterans with SCI, the Predictive Outcome Model Over Time for Employment (PrOMOTE) project. A total of 1,047 patients from participating SCI Centers provided baseline interviews...
June 5, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581320/who-self-identifies-as-disabled-an-examination-of-impairment-and-contextual-predictors
#18
Kathleen R Bogart, Adena Rottenstein, Emily M Lund, Lauren Bouchard
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: According to Social Identity Theory, minority group members, like people with disabilities, manage stigma by either "passing" as majority group members or identifying with their minority group. Approximately 15% of the world's population has a disability, but only a fraction of those individuals identify themselves as people with disabilities. Disability identification has been associated with positive outcomes including psychosocial well-being, self-advocacy, and political engagement...
June 5, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581319/effect-of-the-environment-on-participation-in-spinal-cord-injuries-disorders-the-mediating-impact-of-resilience-grief-and-self-efficacy
#19
Sara M Locatelli, Bella Etingen, Scott Miskevics, Sherri L LaVela
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that the influence of environmental barriers on participation will be fully mediated by psychosocial factors (resilience, grief or loss, and self-efficacy) among individuals with spinal cord injuries and disorders. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional mailed survey with a national sample of veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders (n = 565), which included measures of demographics, perceived environmental barriers, participation, resilience, grief or loss, and self-efficacy...
June 5, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569523/mastery-motivation-and-executive-functions-as-predictors-of-adaptive-behavior-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-or-myelomeningocele
#20
Seth Warschausky, Jacqueline N Kaufman, Michael Evitts, William Schutt, Edward A Hurvitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To examine mastery motivation and executive functions or behaviors as predictors of adaptive behavior in adolescents and young adults with congenital neurodevelopmental conditions. METHOD: Participants were 2 groups of adolescents and young adults, ages 13-29, including 43 with cerebral palsy and 36 with myelomeningocele living with a parent or caregiver. Participants completed measures of mastery motivation, executive functions or behaviors, and a measure of adaptive behavior...
June 1, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
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