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Rehabilitation Psychology

Lucas D Driskell, Stephanie Lenox, Juliette Galindo
This Rehabilitation Measures Database summary provides a review of the psychometric properties of the Cog-Log in individuals with acquired brain injury. A full review of the Cog-Log as well as reviews of over 400 other instruments for patients with various health conditions can be found at (PsycINFO Database Record
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Deirdre O'Sullivan, Justin Watts, Chad Shenk
PURPOSE: Biological theories explain how exposure to child maltreatment and chronic substance abuse result in significant health reductions, often years or decades after the maltreatment and substance abuse end. Relationships among these variables are known to exist; however, the relative impact of each risk factor on disability status is not clear. METHOD: Adults receiving inpatient treatment for a substance use disorder (SUD) were assessed for chronic illness and disability (CID), years abusing substances, and child maltreatment severity using the Child Trauma Questionnaire (n = 112)...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Anna Banik, Ralf Schwarzer, Nina Knoll, Katarzyna Czekierda, Aleksandra Luszczynska
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Self-efficacy forms key modifiable personal resources influencing illness management, rehabilitation participation, and their outcomes such as perceived health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among people with a cardiovascular disease (CVD). Yet, an overarching research synthesis of the self-efficacy-HRQOL association in the CVD context is missing. This systematic review and meta-analysis of research on the self-efficacy-HRQOL relationship among people with CVD investigates whether the strength of associations depends on conceptualizations of self-efficacy and HRQOL (general vs...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Bailee L Malivoire, Crystal J Hare, Tae L Hart
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Perceived cognitive impairment is a common concern among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) and is associated with prevalent psychological symptoms, namely depression and anxiety. The mechanisms by which these psychological symptoms are associated with perceived cognitive impairment among people diagnosed with MS have been unexplored. A possible mechanism is rumination, a maladaptive form of self-reflection that is commonly associated with anxiety and depression...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Yael Goverover, John DeLuca
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) can have dramatic effects on performance of everyday life activity. However, the ability to assess everyday functional activity remains elusive. The purpose of this study was to establish validity and reliability to a performance-based assessment of everyday life activities called actual reality (AR). AR involves utilization of the Internet to perform three actual everyday life activities: purchasing (a) an airline ticket, (b) cookies, and (c) pizza...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Abbey K Valvano, Michael J D Rollock, William H Hudson, Marie-Christine Rutter Goodworth, Eliot Lopez, Lara Stepleman
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore relationships between sexual satisfaction, sexual communication and relationship satisfaction in people living with multiple sclerosis (MS). Specifically, sexual satisfaction was evaluated as a moderator between sexual communication and relationship satisfaction. DESIGN: Individuals diagnosed with MS and being treated in a hospital-based MS clinic in the southeastern United States (n = 58) completed measures of sexual satisfaction, sexual communication, sexual dysfunction, relationship quality, depression, level of disability, and frequency of sex-related communication and behaviors in a cross-sectional survey design...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Hannah Brazeau, Christopher G Davis
OBJECTIVE: Several studies of people with spinal cord injury (SCI) have indicated that high levels of hope are linked with better adjustment, but none has assessed the extent to which hope predicts change in adjustment over time. This study examines the effect of hope assessed within the first months post-SCI onset on changes in several indicators of well-being just prior to release from institutional care and again 13 months post-SCI. METHOD: Structured interviews were conducted with 67 adults (54 men, 13 women; Mage = 44...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Simon Kunz, Stephen Joseph, Szilvia Geyh, Claudio Peter
PURPOSE: In the current study, we aimed to examine two possible explanations for why higher levels of posttraumatic growth (PTG) were repeatedly found to be predicted by both approach- and avoidance-oriented coping, focusing on individuals recently diagnosed with a spinal cord injury (SCI). First, negative changes (posttraumatic depreciation, PTD) may moderate the association between PTG and the two types of coping, indicating that PTG reflects avoidance of PTD for some individuals, but a constructive view on posttraumatic life changes for others...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
John Blake, Rana Yaghmaian, Jessica Brooks, Connor Fais, Fong Chan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to test an expanded model of Snyder's hope theory for prediction of participation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Statistical model testing focused on evaluation of hope theory constructs (i.e., agency thoughts and pathways thoughts) as serial mediators of relationships between attachment and community participation. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional, descriptive design using multiple regression and correlational techniques...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Catherine S Wilson, Stephanie L Nassar, Lisa Ottomanelli, Scott D Barnett, Eni Njoh
PURPOSE: Little is known about gender differences in depression among veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI). Accordingly, the main objectives of this study were (a) to examine demographic and clinical characteristics of veterans with SCI; (b) to investigate gender differences in lifetime depression and depressive symptom severity, including probable major depressive disorder (MDD); and (c) to identify contributory factors (e.g., pain, life satisfaction) for gender differences in depression...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Rodney D Vanderploeg, Douglas B Cooper, Glenn Curtiss, Jan E Kennedy, David F Tate, Amy O Bowles
OBJECTIVE: Determine factors that affect responsiveness to cognitive rehabilitation (CR) interventions in service members (SMs) who sustained mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). METHOD: 126 SMs with a history of mTBI 3 to 24 months postinjury participated in a randomized clinical trial of one of four, 6-week treatment arms: (a) psychoeducation, (b) computer-based CR, (c) therapist-directed manualized CR, and (d) therapist-directed CR integrated with cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Andrea Döbler, Bea Herbeck Belnap, Hartmut Pollmann, Erik Farin, Heiner Raspe, Oskar Mittag
OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the effectiveness of a telephone-delivered intervention based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation to address behavior change, emotional status, and glycemic control in patients with Type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: In a German rehabilitation center, 249 patients with Type 2 diabetes were separated into randomized groups, either a 12-month telephone follow-up support group or the usual care group...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Dawn M Ehde
Since 1972 Rehabilitation Psychology has played a fundamental role in disseminating theoretical, scientific, clinical, and educational advances in the field of rehabilitation psychology. In the author's view, the journal's role is not only to promote and communicate these advances but also, as aptly stated more than 50 years ago in an editorial on the purpose of scientific journals, to "be maximally useful to its readers" (Comroe, 1966, p. 3). As the new editor of Rehabilitation Psychology, she looks forward to maximizing its usefulness over the next 6 years...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Marisa J Perera, Michelle A Meade, Lisa DiPonio
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Despite increased interest in the topic of resilience in rehabilitation, there has been no psychometric investigation of the Flourishing Scale (FS) in a sample of adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). The present study examined the reliability, convergent validity, and factor structure of the FS. Research Method/Design: Data for this project were extracted from a larger study on happiness and quality of life after SCI. For this study, information was collected using a cross-sectional mail survey design of adults with SCI...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Ethan Benore, Alexandra Brenner, Gerard A Banez, Lu Wang, Sarah Worley
OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to examine relationships between parental behavior and cognition and treatment outcomes in children enrolled in an intensive interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation program. RESEARCH METHOD: 670 consecutive referrals of children with chronic pain were enrolled in a clinical database registry from 2009 to 2014. Participants and their parents completed measures of physical and psychosocial functioning, and pain-related severity ratings...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Kayci L Vickers, Michael E Keesler, Kelli S Williams, Jeremy Y Charles, Roy H Hamilton
PURPOSE: Disorders of motivation substantially impair an individual's ability to communicate with their families, therapists, and doctors. One method of overcoming initiation deficits is by utilizing the telephone effect, which is the ability for individuals with severe motivation deficits to communicate more readily when speaking on a telephone. However, little is available in the extant literature on how this effect works or how best to integrate this into patient care. This article aims to provide the first report of a proposed mechanism underlying the telephone effect and the first published procedures for eliciting this effect...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Martha A Combs, Edan A Critchfield, Jason R Soble
OBJECTIVE: This preliminary, pilot study assessed the effectiveness of a group-based, mindfulness intervention in a residential, rehabilitation setting with specific focus on assessing participants' self-report of perceived benefit of the intervention on overall health, pain, sleep, mood/anxiety, attention, and self-awareness, as well as implementing modifications needed for successful intervention application among a diverse, clinical military population. METHOD/DESIGN: Participants were 19 veterans and active duty service members with a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI; 63% severe) who completed a mindfulness-based group intervention during inpatient admission at a Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Transitional Rehabilitation Program (PTRP)...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Peii Chen, Joan Toglia
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Anosognosia for spatial neglect (ASN) can be offline or online. Offline ASN is general unawareness of having experienced spatial deficits. Online ASN is an awareness deficit of underestimating spatial difficulties that likely to occur in an upcoming task (anticipatory ASN) or have just occurred during the task (emergent ASN). We explored the relationships among spatial neglect, offline ASN, anticipatory ASN, and emergent ASN. Research Method/Design: Forty-four survivors of stroke answered questionnaires assessing offline and online self-awareness of spatial problems...
April 12, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Elizabeth E Van Voorhees, Daniel A Moore, Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric A Dedert, Kirsten H Dillon, Eric B Elbogen, Patrick S Calhoun
PURPOSE: Aggressive driving contributes to the high rates of postdeployment motor vehicle-related injury and death observed among veterans, and veterans cite problems with anger, aggressive driving, and road rage as being among their most pressing driving-related concerns. Both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been associated with driving-related deficits in treatment-seeking samples of veterans, but the relative contribution of each of these conditions to problems with aggressive driving in the broader population of combat veterans is unclear...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Sonya Kim, Joseph F Rath, Vance Zemon, Marie M Cavallo, Rollin McCraty, Ana Sostre, Frederick W Foley
OBJECTIVE: To examine how positive affect influences ability to benefit from heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback treatment for individuals with severe brain injury. METHOD: Secondary data analysis of a nonrandomized experimental study that assessed the efficacy of biofeedback treatment for executive dysfunction in 13 individuals with chronic severe brain injury. RESULTS: Bivariate correlations between the predictors (levels of HRV and positive affect) and the outcome (change in Category Test errors) showed large effect sizes for higher levels of HRV coherence (r = -...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
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