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Rehabilitation Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318280/adjustment-between-work-demands-and-health-needs-development-of-the-work-health-balance-questionnaire
#1
Andrea Gragnano, Massimo Miglioretti, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Angela G E M de Boer
PURPOSE: This study presented the construct of Work-Health Balance (WHB) and the design and validation of the Work-Health Balance Questionnaire (WHBq). More and more workers have a long-standing health problem or disability (LSHPD). The management of health needs and work demands is crucial for the quality of working life and work retention of these workers. However, no instrument exists measuring this process. The WHBq assesses key factors in the process of adjusting between health needs and work demands...
March 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287757/crip-for-a-day-the-unintended-negative-consequences-of-disability-simulations
#2
Michelle R Nario-Redmond, Dobromir Gospodinov, Angela Cobb
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of disability simulations on mood, self-ascribed disability stereotypes, attitudes about interacting with disabled individuals, and behavioral intentions for improving campus accessibility. DESIGN: Experiment 1 evaluated disability-awareness simulations by randomly assigning undergraduates (N = 60) with and without disabilities to stations simulating either dyslexia, hearing or mobility impairments. Experiment 2 extended the field study into the lab where undergraduates (N = 50) with and without disabilities each completed low vision, hearing impairment, and dyslexia simulations...
March 13, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165262/family-caregiver-adjustment-and-stroke-survivor-impairment-a-path-analytic-model
#3
Anna Pendergrass, Martin Hautzinger, Timothy R Elliott, Oliver Schilling, Clemens Becker, Klaus Pfeiffer
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms are a common problem among family caregivers of stroke survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between care recipient's impairment and caregiver depression, and determine the possible mediating effects of caregiver negative problem-orientation, mastery, and leisure time satisfaction. The evaluated model was derived from Pearlin's stress process model of caregiver adjustment. METHOD: We analyzed baseline data from 122 strained family members who were assisting stroke survivors in Germany for a minimum of 6 months and who consented to participate in a randomized clinical trial...
February 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045280/workplace-accommodations-for-employees-with-disabilities-a-multilevel-model-of-employer-decision-making
#4
Apsara Telwatte, Jeromy Anglim, Sarah K A Wynton, Richard Moulding
PURPOSE: Existing research suggests that the decision to grant or deny workplace accommodations for people with disabilities is influenced by a range of legal and nonlegal factors. However, less is known about how these factors operate at the within-person level. Thus, we proposed and tested a multilevel model of the accommodation decision-making process, which we applied to better understand why people with psychological disabilities often experience greater challenges in obtaining accommodations...
January 2, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206808/job-matching-an-interdisciplinary-scoping-study-with-implications-for-vocational-rehabilitation-counseling
#5
Marina N├╝tzi, Bruno Trezzini, Lorenzo Medici, Urban Schwegler
PURPOSE: Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. RESEARCH METHOD: We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045281/environmental-barriers-and-social-participation-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#6
I-Hsuan Tsai, Daniel E Graves, Wenyaw Chan, Charles Darkoh, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Lisa A Pompeii
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between environmental barriers and social participation among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHOD: Individuals admitted to regional centers of the Model Spinal Cord Injury System in the United States due to traumatic SCI were interviewed and included in the National Spinal Cord Injury Database. This cross-sectional study applied a secondary analysis with a mixed effect model on the data from 3,162 individuals who received interviews from 2000 through 2005...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977231/african-american-dementia-caregiver-problem-inventory-descriptive-analysis-and-initial-psychometric-evaluation
#7
Brittny A Wells, Robert L Glueckauf, Daniel Bernabe, Michelle M Kazmer, Gabriel Schettini, Jane Springer, Dinesh Sharma, Hongdao Meng, Floyd B Willis, Neill Graff-Radford
OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives of the present study were: (a) to develop the African American Dementia Caregiver Problem Inventory (DCPI-A) that assesses the types and frequency of problems reported by African American dementia caregivers seeking cognitive-behavioral intervention, (b) to evaluate the intercoder reliability of the DCPI-A, and (c) to measure the perceived severity of common problems reported by this caregiver population. METHOD: The development of the DCPI-A was divided into 3 major steps: (a) creating an initial sample pool of caregiver problems derived from 2 parent randomized clinical trials, (b) formulating a preliminary version of the DCPI-A, and (c) finalizing the development of the DCPI-A that includes 20 problem categories with explicit coding rules, definitions, and illustrative examples...
December 15, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929325/social-competence-in-pediatric-burn-survivors-a-systematic-review
#8
Margo M Szabo, Kaitlyn A Ferris, Lauryn Urso, Ariel M Aballay, Christina L Duncan
OBJECTIVE: Youth sustaining burn injuries during childhood have dramatically increased survival rates due to improvements in medical treatment and multidisciplinary approaches to burn critical care and recovery. Despite positive advancements in burn treatment, youth sustaining such injuries may experience social deficits. Thus, this systematic review without meta-analysis investigation contributes to the growing literature on this topic by comparing social competence of pediatric burn survivors to youth without burns, and examining potential correlates of social competence among children and adolescents who have sustained burn injuries...
December 8, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929324/hither-and-thither-how-do-we-innovate
#9
Robert G Frank
The Dembo-Wright Lecture provided a forum to discuss how innovation occurs in general and in rehabilitation psychology. The 21st Century will rely upon the creation and enhancement of knowledge. Universities, industries and professional disciplines are challenged to develop models that nurture their development of knowledge jobs that create new systems or products. A new model of nurturing innovation: The Rainforest, relies upon creating ecosystems that bring together and support the critical groups allowing instances that propel spontaneous growth of sustainable enterprises...
December 8, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918176/comparing-depression-screening-tools-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-ms
#10
Joshua Hanna, Jonathan B Santo, Mervin Blair, Kathy Smolewska, Erin Warriner, Sarah A Morrow
OBJECTIVE: Depression is more common among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) than the general population. Depression in MS is associated with reduced quality of life, transition to unemployment, and cognitive impairment. Two proposed screening measures for depression in MS populations are the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen (BDI-FS). Our objective was to compared the associations of the BDI-FS and the HADS-D scores with history of depressive symptoms, fatigue, and functional outcomes to determine the differential clinical utility of these screening measures among persons with MS...
December 5, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831733/personal-assistance-disability-and-intimate-partner-violence-a-guide-for-healthcare-providers
#11
Jessica K Salwen, Anthea Gray, Linda R Mona
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to provide evidence-based guidance for health care providers to engage in brief and extensive assessment of intimate partner violence (IPV) and to initiate appropriate safety precautions and referrals, all within the context of disability. Research Method/Design: This article is a review of the literature on prevalence and risk factors for IPV in nondisabled couples and in couples where a partner has a disability, on various assessment tools, and on the impact of personal assistance on relationships...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831732/social-isolation-after-spinal-cord-injury-indicators-from-the-longitudinal-aging-study
#12
Susan D Newman, Chao Li, James S Krause
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a conceptual model of social isolation, incorporating social disconnectedness (objective measures) and perceived isolation (subjective appraisals) in an aging sample of participants with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHOD: The study used cross-sectional data from 768 participants from the most recent administration of the SCI Longitudinal Aging Study, which was initiated in 1973. Measures included the revised version of the Life Situation Questionnaire, items from the Craig Handicap Assessment Reporting Technique, and the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831731/behavioral-inhibition-and-activation-systems-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Christina G Wong, Lisa J Rapport, Sarah-Jane Meachen, Robin A Hanks, Mark A Lumley
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Personality has been linked to cognitive appraisal and health outcomes; however, research specific to traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been sparse. Gray's theory of behavioral inhibition system and behavioral activation system (BIS/BAS) offers a neurobiologic view of personality that may be especially relevant to neurobehavioral change associated with TBI. The present study examined theoretical and psychometric issues of using the BIS/BAS scale among adults with TBI as well as BIS/BAS personality correlates of TBI...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831730/the-importance-of-exercise-self-efficacy-for-clinical-outcomes-in-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#14
Anne-Marie Selzler, Wendy M Rodgers, Tanya R Berry, Michael K Stickland
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves functional exercise capacity and health status in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), although these outcomes are often not maintained following PR. Self-efficacy is a precursor to outcomes achievement, yet few studies have examined the importance of self-efficacy to outcome improvement during PR, or how it develops over time. Further, the contribution of exercise-specific self-efficacy to outcomes in PR is unknown...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831729/a-randomized-problem-solving-trial-for-adolescent-brain-injury-changes-in-social-competence
#15
Sarah J Tlustos, Michael W Kirkwood, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Tanya M Brown, Shari L Wade
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adolescence has well documented effects on social competence. Few studies have examined the effects of behavioral interventions on social competence or identified factors associated with changes in social competence after injury. Research Method/Design: Adolescents with moderate to severe TBI ages 12-17 years were randomized within 6 months of injury to either a problem solving and communication (CAPS) group that received online counseling (n = 65) or an Internet resources comparison (IRC) group (n = 67) for a comparative effectiveness trial...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684465/brain-computer-interface-for-individuals-after-spinal-cord-injury
#16
David B Salisbury, Thomas D Parsons, Kimberley R Monden, Zina Trost, Simon J Driver
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of brain-computer interface (BCI) with patients on an inpatient spinal cord injury (SCI) unit. Research Method/Design: This study included 25 participants aged 18-64 who sustained traumatic or nontraumatic SCI and did not have severe cognitive or psychiatric impairment. Participants completed a variety of screening measures related to cognition, psychological disposition, pain, and technology experience/interest. The Emotiv electroencephalography system was used in conjunction with a cube rotation and manipulation game presented on a laptop computer...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748614/using-personality-traits-to-construct-linear-growth-models-of-mental-health-in-family-members-of-individuals-with-severe-brain-injury
#17
Michael Trujillo, Paul B Perrin, Karoline Doser, Anne Norup
Objective: No studies have examined the impact of personality traits on mental health among caregivers of individuals with severe brain injury. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to construct linear growth models to examine whether the personality traits of family members of individuals with severe brain injury could predict the trajectories of their own mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL), anxiety, and depression beginning in a neurointensive care unit through 1 year after injury. Method: Danish family members of individuals with severe brain injury (n = 52) completed the Short Form-36 assessing mental HRQoL (vitality, social functioning, role limitations-emotional, mental health), anxiety, and depression across 5 time points during the 1st year after injury...
October 17, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709978/an-internet-based-virtual-reality-intervention-for-enhancing-self-esteem-in-women-with-disabilities-results-of-a-feasibility-study
#18
Margaret A Nosek, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Rosemary B Hughes, Thomas M Nosek
Purpose: To examine the feasibility of an online self-esteem enhancement group program for women with disabilities. Method: A sample of 19 racially and ethnically diverse, community-living women with physical disabilities, 22 to 61 years old, participated in a 7-session interactive group intervention (extending Hughes et al., 2004) in the 3-D, immersive, virtual environment of SecondLife.com, using avatars with voice and text communication. Baseline and postintervention questionnaires were administered online...
October 6, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571410/differential-item-function-analysis-of-a-scale-measuring-worry-about-affording-healthcare-in-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Salene M W Jones, Dagmar Amtmann
Purpose/Objective: A measure of worry about affording health care was developed in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) to further the study of how trouble affording health care can affect health. This study examined whether the measure showed bias by gender, age, insurance type, income, and type of MS. Absence of bias would facilitate comparisons between groups in future studies. Research methods/Design: A sample of 433 people with MS completed the 5-item worry about affording health care measure. Demographic information was also collected...
August 29, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513873/requesting-workplace-accommodations-impact-of-self-efficacy-outcome-expectancy-and-positive-affect
#20
Shengli Dong, Ellen Fabian, Jie Xu
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the impacts of self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and positive affect on intentions to request workplace accommodations among people with disabilities (PWDs). Method: Seven-hundred and 14 adults with disabilities participated in an online survey study. This study used structural equation modeling to examine the impact of self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and positive affect on intentions to request workplace accommodations. Results: The results showed that self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and positive affect accounted for 55...
August 11, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
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