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Rehabilitation Psychology

Joshua Hanna, Jonathan B Santo, Mervin Blair, Kathy Smolewska, Erin Warriner, Sarah A Morrow
OBJECTIVE: Depression is more common among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) than the general population. Depression in MS is associated with reduced quality of life, transition to unemployment, and cognitive impairment. Two proposed screening measures for depression in MS populations are the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen (BDI-FS). Our objective was to compared the associations of the BDI-FS and the HADS-D scores with history of depressive symptoms, fatigue, and functional outcomes to determine the differential clinical utility of these screening measures among persons with MS...
December 5, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Michael Trujillo, Paul B Perrin, Karoline Doser, Anne Norup
Objective: No studies have examined the impact of personality traits on mental health among caregivers of individuals with severe brain injury. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to construct linear growth models to examine whether the personality traits of family members of individuals with severe brain injury could predict the trajectories of their own mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL), anxiety, and depression beginning in a neurointensive care unit through 1 year after injury. Method: Danish family members of individuals with severe brain injury (n = 52) completed the Short Form-36 assessing mental HRQoL (vitality, social functioning, role limitations-emotional, mental health), anxiety, and depression across 5 time points during the 1st year after injury...
October 17, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Margaret A Nosek, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Rosemary B Hughes, Thomas M Nosek
Purpose: To examine the feasibility of an online self-esteem enhancement group program for women with disabilities. Method: A sample of 19 racially and ethnically diverse, community-living women with physical disabilities, 22 to 61 years old, participated in a 7-session interactive group intervention (extending Hughes et al., 2004) in the 3-D, immersive, virtual environment of, using avatars with voice and text communication. Baseline and postintervention questionnaires were administered online...
October 6, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Jessica K Salwen, Anthea Gray, Linda R Mona
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to provide evidence-based guidance for health care providers to engage in brief and extensive assessment of intimate partner violence (IPV) and to initiate appropriate safety precautions and referrals, all within the context of disability. Research Method/Design: This article is a review of the literature on prevalence and risk factors for IPV in nondisabled couples and in couples where a partner has a disability, on various assessment tools, and on the impact of personal assistance on relationships...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Susan D Newman, Chao Li, James S Krause
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a conceptual model of social isolation, incorporating social disconnectedness (objective measures) and perceived isolation (subjective appraisals) in an aging sample of participants with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHOD: The study used cross-sectional data from 768 participants from the most recent administration of the SCI Longitudinal Aging Study, which was initiated in 1973. Measures included the revised version of the Life Situation Questionnaire, items from the Craig Handicap Assessment Reporting Technique, and the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Christina G Wong, Lisa J Rapport, Sarah-Jane Meachen, Robin A Hanks, Mark A Lumley
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Personality has been linked to cognitive appraisal and health outcomes; however, research specific to traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been sparse. Gray's theory of behavioral inhibition system and behavioral activation system (BIS/BAS) offers a neurobiologic view of personality that may be especially relevant to neurobehavioral change associated with TBI. The present study examined theoretical and psychometric issues of using the BIS/BAS scale among adults with TBI as well as BIS/BAS personality correlates of TBI...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Anne-Marie Selzler, Wendy M Rodgers, Tanya R Berry, Michael K Stickland
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves functional exercise capacity and health status in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), although these outcomes are often not maintained following PR. Self-efficacy is a precursor to outcomes achievement, yet few studies have examined the importance of self-efficacy to outcome improvement during PR, or how it develops over time. Further, the contribution of exercise-specific self-efficacy to outcomes in PR is unknown...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Sarah J Tlustos, Michael W Kirkwood, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Tanya M Brown, Shari L Wade
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adolescence has well documented effects on social competence. Few studies have examined the effects of behavioral interventions on social competence or identified factors associated with changes in social competence after injury. Research Method/Design: Adolescents with moderate to severe TBI ages 12-17 years were randomized within 6 months of injury to either a problem solving and communication (CAPS) group that received online counseling (n = 65) or an Internet resources comparison (IRC) group (n = 67) for a comparative effectiveness trial...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
David B Salisbury, Thomas D Parsons, Kimberley R Monden, Zina Trost, Simon J Driver
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of brain-computer interface (BCI) with patients on an inpatient spinal cord injury (SCI) unit. Research Method/Design: This study included 25 participants aged 18-64 who sustained traumatic or nontraumatic SCI and did not have severe cognitive or psychiatric impairment. Participants completed a variety of screening measures related to cognition, psychological disposition, pain, and technology experience/interest. The Emotiv electroencephalography system was used in conjunction with a cube rotation and manipulation game presented on a laptop computer...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Salene M W Jones, Dagmar Amtmann
Purpose/Objective: A measure of worry about affording health care was developed in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) to further the study of how trouble affording health care can affect health. This study examined whether the measure showed bias by gender, age, insurance type, income, and type of MS. Absence of bias would facilitate comparisons between groups in future studies. Research methods/Design: A sample of 433 people with MS completed the 5-item worry about affording health care measure. Demographic information was also collected...
August 29, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Shengli Dong, Ellen Fabian, Jie Xu
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the impacts of self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and positive affect on intentions to request workplace accommodations among people with disabilities (PWDs). Method: Seven-hundred and 14 adults with disabilities participated in an online survey study. This study used structural equation modeling to examine the impact of self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and positive affect on intentions to request workplace accommodations. Results: The results showed that self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and positive affect accounted for 55...
August 11, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Jared S Link, Lisa K Lashley
This Rehabilitation Measures Database summary provides a review of the characteristics of the BLT for individuals with right temporal lobe epilepsy. A full review of the BLT as well as reviews of over 300 other instruments can be found at (PsycINFO Database Record
August 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Wendy A Coduti, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke, Soo Jeong Youn
OBJECTIVE: Research has demonstrated that providing appropriate supports and services on campus can improve both mental health and academic outcomes for students with disabilities (Emerson, Honey, Madden, & Llewellyn, 2009; Stumbo, Martin, & Hedrick, 2009), but little is known about the specific mental health needs of this population. The purpose of this exploratory study, therefore, was to identify the mental health needs of college students with various types of disabilities. METHOD: Researchers analyzed data, collected by the Center for Collegiate Mental Health, of 5,696 students with, and without, disabilities who utilized counseling services on campuses in the 2013-14 academic year...
August 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Stephanie Agtarap, Whitney Scott, Ann Marie Warren, Zina Trost
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: A recent study by Trost et al. (2015) investigated the influence of perceived injustice-reflecting appraisals of the severity and irreparability of loss following injury, blame, and unfairness-on physical and psychological outcomes in a sample of patients 12 months after sustaining a traumatic injury. This brief report examines the psychometric properties of the Injustice Experiences Questionnaire (IEQ) using the previous sample from Trost et al. (2015) with added trauma patients (total N = 206)...
August 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Jessica Sutherland, Jason Middleton, Tisha J Ornstein, Kerry Lawson, Kristin Vickers
PURPOSE: Despite a documented prevalence of accident phobia in almost 40% of motor vehicle accident (MVA) survivors, the onset of accident phobia after traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains poorly understood. There is currently a body of knowledge about posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients with TBI, but less is known about accident phobia following TBI, particularly in cases of mild TBI (mTBI). Accident phobia can impede safe return to driving or motor vehicle travel, inhibiting return to daily functioning...
August 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Alison W Henderson, Aaron P Turner, Rhonda M Williams, Daniel C Norvell, Kevin N Hakimi, Joseph M Czerniecki
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of sexual activity among individuals experiencing their first dysvascular lower extremity amputation. DESIGN: A prospective cohort was recruited from 4 Veterans Affairs Medical Centers. Of 198 potential participants who met inclusion criteria, 113 (57%) agreed to participate within 7 days of amputation (baseline) and 6 weeks, 4 months, and 12 months post-amputation; 105 completed the sexual activity items at baseline...
August 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Beth S Slomine, Paige H Grasmick, Stacy J Suskauer, Cynthia F Salorio
OBJECTIVE: In a pediatric rehabilitation setting, monitoring recovery of cognitive skills is challenging due to diversity in age and brain injury severity. The Cognitive and Linguistic Scale (CALS) is a measure with promising psychometric properties that was designed for inpatient pediatric rehabilitation care. This study re-examines the reliability and validity of the CALS in a larger, independent sample. METHOD: Two hundred fifty-eight children (2-21 years) who were consecutively admitted to an inpatient brain injury facility between 2008 and 2014 for a first inpatient rehabilitation admission following a traumatic or acquired brain injury were included...
August 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Lenore Hawley, Donald Gerber, Christopher Pretz, Clare Morey, Gale Whiteneck
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of 2 novel measures assessing personal advocacy, self-efficacy and personal advocacy activities in individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: This was an instrument development study using (a) expert panel review with a content validity index, (b) consumer survey, and (c) Rasch analysis. Participants were adults (N = 162) with ABI recruited through a community survey...
August 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Deepa M Ramanathan-Elion, Jessica Wolfman McWhorter, Stephen T Wegener, Kathleen T Bechtold
OBJECTIVE: Lequerica and Kortte (2010) proposed a model of therapeutic engagement in rehabilitation that indicates there are facilitators and barriers to an individual's engagement in rehabilitation. The current study examines potential personal variables that may play a role in rehabilitation engagement. DESIGN: In this prospective cohort design, 206 adults from 3 inpatient acute rehabilitation hospitals completed the Hopkins Rehabilitation Engagement Rating Scale, Hope Scale, Benefit Finding Scale, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, Brief Symptom Inventory, and Denial of Illness Scale...
August 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Chung-Yi Chiu, Robert W Motl, Nicole Ditchman
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the factorial and construct validity of the Social Provisions Scale (SPS) in a sample of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: Participants included 292 individuals with MS (83.9% women) recruited from the Greater Illinois, Gateway, and Indiana chapters of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Participants completed the SPS and pain, fatigue, depression, anxiety, MS self-efficacy, quality of life, and satisfaction with life measures...
August 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
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