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Pediatric Radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335881/reply-to-reck-burneo-et-al-imaging-anorectal-and-cloacal-malformations
#1
LETTER
M Luisa Lobo, Michael Riccabona, Lil-Sofie Ording Müller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335880/the-long-term-effect-of-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-given-to-preterm-infants-a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study-on-neurometabolites-in-early-childhood
#2
Charles Gasparovic, Arvind Caprihan, Ronald A Yeo, John Phillips, Jean R Lowe, Richard Campbell, Robin K Ohls
BACKGROUND: Erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) are neuroprotective in cell and animal models of preterm birth. Prematurity has been shown to alter neurometabolite levels in children in studies using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that ESA treatment in premature infants would tend to normalize neurometabolites by 4-6 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children in a longitudinal study of neurodevelopment underwent MRI and 1H-MRS at approximately 4 years and 6 years of age...
January 15, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332166/imaging-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-international-initiatives-and-ongoing-work
#3
REVIEW
Charlotte M Nusman, Laura Tanturri de Horatio, Robert Hemke, E Charlotte van Gulik, Lil-Sofie Ording Müller, Clara Malattia, Derk Avenarius, Paolo Toma, Johannes Roth, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Mario Maas, Andrea S Doria, Karen Rosendahl
Imaging is increasingly being integrated into clinical practice to improve diagnosis, disease control and outcome in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Over the last decades several international groups have been launched to standardize and validate different imaging techniques. To enhance transparency and facilitate collaboration, we present an overview of ongoing initiatives.
January 13, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307035/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-clinically-unaffected-knee
#4
E Charlotte van Gulik, Mendy M Welsink-Karssies, J Merlijn van den Berg, Dieneke Schonenberg-Meinema, Koert M Dolman, Anouk M Barendregt, Charlotte M Nusman, Mario Maas, Taco W Kuijpers, Robert Hemke
BACKGROUND: Synovial thickening detected on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is present in a significant number of children with clinically inactive juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient characteristics and disease activity parameters in a cohort of children with clinically inactive JIA, both with and without synovial thickening, in order to clarify the observed discrepancy between clinical and MRI assessments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 52 clinically inactive JIA patients (median age 13...
January 6, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307034/emergency-department-imaging-of-pediatric-trauma-patients-during-combat-operations-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#5
Jason F Naylor, Michael D April, Jamie L Roper, Guyon J Hill, Paul Clark, Steven G Schauer
BACKGROUND: Military hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan treated children with traumatic injuries during the recent conflicts. Diagnostic imaging is an integral component of trauma management; however, few published data exist on its use in the wartime pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: The authors describe the emergency department (ED) utilization of radiology resources for pediatric trauma patients in Iraq and Afghanistan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DODTR) for all pediatric patients admitted to military fixed-facility hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan from January 2007 to January 2016...
January 6, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307033/centile-charts-for-cranial-sutures-in-children-younger-than-1-year-based-on-ultrasound-measurements
#6
Katya Rozovsky, Nicholas James Barrowman, Elka Miller
BACKGROUND: Cranial US allows for the evaluation of premature closure (synostosis) or abnormal widening of the cranial sutures. An understanding of the normal anatomy is required to help define the presence or absence of abnormality. OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for normal ultrasound measurements of cranial sutures during the child's first year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included children ages 0 to 12 months who were referred to the hospital during 2011-2013 for radiographic evaluation of cranial sutures...
January 6, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299620/correction-to-chest-computed-tomography-angiography-in-children-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo
#7
Nathan C Hull, Gary R Schooler, Larry A Binkovitz, Eric E Williamson, Phillip A Araoz, Lifeng Yu, Philip M Young
The published version of this article incorrectly lists the authors' affiliations. The correct affiliations are given below. The Publisher regrets this mistake.
January 3, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289997/pediatric-radiology-practical-imaging-evaluation-of-infants-and-children-1st-edn-by-edward-lee-ed-lippincott-williams-wilkins-2017-hardcover-1352-pp-isbn-13-978-1-451-175-851-hardcover-isbn-10-145117585xm-e-book-us-224-67-hardcover-213-44-e-book
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279948/developmental-patterns-of-fetal-fat-and-corresponding-signal-on-t1-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#9
Eléonore Blondiaux, Lydia Chougar, Antoinette Gelot, Stéphanie Valence, Etienne Audureau, Hubert Ducou le Pointe, Jean-Marie Jouannic, Ferdinand Dhombres, Catherine Garel
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of subcutaneous fetal fat layer thickness on T1-weighted sequences can be used to predict birth weight. Little is known about normal MR signal patterns of subcutaneous tissue throughout pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To establish developmental patterns of subcutaneous fetal fat signal on T1-weighted sequences during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined T1-weighted images of 110 fetal MRI scans...
December 26, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273893/intraoperative-doppler-sonogram-in-pediatric-liver-transplants-a-pictorial-review-of-intraoperative-and-early-postoperative-complications
#10
A Luana Stanescu, Shawn E Kamps, André A S Dick, Marguerite T Parisi, Grace S Phillips
A spectrum of vascular complications can be seen in pediatric liver transplant patients, including occlusion and hemodynamically significant narrowing of the vessels that provide inflow to or outflow from the graft. Intraoperative Doppler ultrasound (US) has the potential benefit of identifying vascular complications in pediatric liver transplant patients prior to abdominal closure. Importantly, intraoperative Doppler US can be used as a problem-solving tool in situations such as position-dependent kinking of the portal or hepatic veins, or in suspected vasospasm of the hepatic artery...
December 22, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260287/change-in-liver-spleen-and-bone-marrow-magnetic-resonance-imaging-signal-intensity-over-time-in-children-with-solid-abdominal-tumors
#11
Michael Sirignano, Jonathan R Dillman, Brian D Weiss, Charles T Quinn, Bin Zhang, Weizhe Su, Andrew T Trout
BACKGROUND: Reticuloendothelial system MRI signal hypointensity is common in pediatric oncology patients with solid abdominal tumors. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in liver, spleen and bone marrow T2-weighted MRI signal intensity over time and their relationship to blood transfusion history in children with solid abdominal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study we measured liver, spleen and bone marrow signal intensity on axial T2-weighted MR images obtained December 2009 through February 2016 in children with hepatoblastoma, neuroblastoma, ganglioneuroblastoma and Wilms tumor...
December 19, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260286/bowel-ultrasound-for-predicting-surgical-management-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Alain C Cuna, Nidhi Reddy, Amie L Robinson, Sherwin S Chan
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating inflammatory disease of the intestinal tract that represents a significant source of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Imaging of the abdomen is valuable for timely diagnosis and close monitoring of disease progression in NEC. Bowel ultrasound (US) is increasingly being recognized as an important imaging tool for evaluating NEC that provides additional detail than plain abdominal radiographs. OBJECTIVE: To identify bowel US findings associated with surgical management or death in infants with NEC...
December 19, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260285/recognizing-child-abuse-in-radiology-1st-edn-by-alan-e-oestreich-and-marguerite-m-car%C3%A3-springer-verlag-berlin-heidelberg-2017-hardcover-97%C3%A2-pp-95-illustrations-english-isbn-13-978-3319443225-hardcover-isbn-10-3319443224-e-book-us-79-99-hardcover-59-99-e-book
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243077/pulmonary-embolus-as-cause-of-death-in-an-adolescent-demonstration-on-postmortem-ct
#14
Mary P Harty, H Theodore Harcke, Sharon W Gould, Adrienne Sukula-Perlman
Computed tomography (CT) is widely accepted in adult forensic death investigations (determination of cause and manner of death) but is only beginning to play a larger role in the cause of death determination in infants and children. We present a case of an adolescent with nephrotic syndrome who sustained cardiac arrest and died in the emergency department. A postmortem CT was requested by the state Office of the Medical Examiner as part of the medicolegal death investigation. Postmortem CT showed a saddle pulmonary embolus that was confirmed on conventional autopsy, demonstrating a natural manner of death...
December 14, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234851/correction-to-fdg-uptake-in-cervical-lymph-nodes-in-children-without-head-and-neck-cancer
#15
Reza Vali, Alaa Bakkari, Eman Marie, Mahnaz Kousha, Martin Charron, Amer Shammas
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Author name Alaa Bakkari was incorrect. The correct spelling is given above.
December 13, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234850/normal-magnetic-resonance-appearances-of-the-temporomandibular-joints-in-children-and-young-adults-aged-2-18%C3%A2-years
#16
Oskar W Angenete, Thomas A Augdal, Stig Jellestad, Marite Rygg, Karen Rosendahl
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of normal appearances of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is paramount when assessing the joint for disease in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Reliable features defining normal TMJs in children are limited. OBJECTIVE: To establish reliable normal standards for the TMJ at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included children and young adults aged 2-18 years undergoing a head MRI for reasons not believed to affect the TMJs...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224047/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-cardiovascular-thrombi-in-children
#17
Pablo Caro-Dominguez, Shi-Joon Yoo, Mike Seed, Lars Grosse-Wortmann
Cardiovascular thrombosis is rare in children and usually occurs in the presence of predisposing conditions, such as indwelling vascular catheters, tumors, aneurysms, ventricular dysfunction, or after surgery. Clots can occur in the cardiac chambers, arteries or veins, or inside conduits. Detection of thrombi is feasible with a variety of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, including unenhanced methods but also contrast-enhanced MR angiography. In this essay we illustrate the MRI appearance of cardiovascular thrombosis in children and suggest an imaging protocol based on our clinical experience...
December 9, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222581/fractures-in-children-with-newly-diagnosed-hepatoblastoma
#18
Alexander J Towbin, Fernanda D C Braojos Braga, Bin Zhang, James I Geller, Greg M Tiao, Daniel J Podberesky
BACKGROUND: Hepatoblastoma is the most common primary hepatic malignancy in children. We have recently noticed an increased incidence of unsuspected fractures in children with newly diagnosed hepatoblastoma. This association has been suggested in the past, but the incidence and pathophysiology remain uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To define the incidence and imaging features of fractures in children with newly diagnosed hepatoblastoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the oncology database and the radiology picture archiving and communication system of our large tertiary care children's hospital between January 2000 and August 2013 for all patients who presented to our institution with newly diagnosed hepatoblastoma...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218365/pediatric-radiology-editorial-board-acknowledgments-and-updates
#19
EDITORIAL
Peter J Strouse, Øystein E Olsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218364/ultrasound-evaluation-of-stress-injuries-and-physiological-adaptations-in-the-fingers-of-adolescent-competitive-rock-climbers
#20
Kathryn Garcia, Diego Jaramillo, Erika Rubesova
BACKGROUND: The impact of high-intensity, repetitive training on the fingers of adolescent climbers is relatively unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate this effect by ultrasound (US) and to confirm some findings by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The US study was performed in 20 adolescent rock climbers (ages 10-17 years) and 6 non-climbing controls (ages 11-15 years). US was used to examine the third digit of the right hand for differences in thickness of soft tissue, flexor and extensor tendon, volar plate and bony and growth plate adaptations...
December 7, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
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