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Tatjana Adzic Vukicevic, Aleksandra Dudvarski-Ilic, Vladimir Zugic, Goran Stevanovic, Salvatore Rubino, Aleksandra Barac
Subacute invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) represents a form of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis which affects immunocompetent individuals or mildly immunocompromised persons with underlying pulmonary disease. Pneumothorax can be a rare complication of subacute IPA due to a leakage of air from an air-filled lung cavitation into the pleural space. Herein, we report rare and unusual case of pneumothorax in a patient with pulmonary cavity infection. A 40-year-old woman was admitted to thoracic surgery due to complete pneumothorax of the left lung...
February 23, 2017: Infection
Erica Lin, Teng Moua, Andrew H Limper
PURPOSE: Mucormycosis encompasses a group of opportunistic fungal infections caused by Zygomycetes, order Mucorales. Mucormycosis can manifest as rhino-orbito-cerebral, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous, and disseminated infections. Pulmonary mucormycosis is the second most common presentation. This manuscript characterizes the demographics, clinical presentation, diagnostic procedures, radiologic findings, therapeutic interventions, and outcome in pulmonary mucormycosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of 35 patients with pulmonary mucormycosis from 2000 to 2015...
February 20, 2017: Infection
T Dieng, A Massaly, D Sow, S Vellaissamy, K Sylla, R C Tine, Y Dieng, C Hennequin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of the Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum (Hcc) histoplasmosis may be underestimated West Africa, both because the diagnosis is not mentioned in the early stages of the disease and due to limited biological resources available. CASE REPORT: We report a case of disseminated histoplasmosis due to Hcc in a Senegalese HIV patient. The diagnosis was suspected following the demonstration of small encapsulated yeasts within neutrophils on a thin blood smear...
February 18, 2017: Infection
D Averbuch, C Avaky, M Harit, P Stepensky, I Fried, T Ben-Ami, V Temper, Y Peled, H Troen, R Masarwa, W Abu Ahmad, M Weintraub, S Revel-Vilk, D Engelhard
PURPOSE: Data on non-fermentative Gram-negative rods (NFGNR) bacteremia in children with malignancies are limited. The aim of this study was to present clinical picture, antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, risk factors for resistance and outcome in NFGNR bacteremia in children with cancer. METHODS: All episodes of NFGNR bacteremia occurring during 2001-2014 in children with cancer in a tertiary-care hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter spp...
February 15, 2017: Infection
Heike Raupach-Rosin, Arne Duddeck, Maike Gehrlich, Charlotte Helmke, Johannes Huebner, Mathias W Pletz, Rafael Mikolajczyk, André Karch
PURPOSE: Blood culture (BC) sampling rates in Germany are considerably lower than recommended. Aim of our study was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practice of physicians in Germany regarding BC diagnostics. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional mixed-methods study among physicians working in inpatient care in Germany. Based on the results of qualitative focus groups, a questionnaire-based quantitative study was conducted in 2015-2016. In total, 706 medical doctors and final-year medical students from 11 out of 16 federal states in Germany participated...
February 15, 2017: Infection
Rita Murri, Barbara Fiori, Teresa Spanu, Ilaria Mastrorosa, Francesca Giovannenze, Francesco Taccari, Claudia Palazzolo, Giancarlo Scoppettuolo, Giulio Ventura, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Roberto Cauda, Massimo Fantoni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (also known as co-trimoxazole, TMPS) to treat Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kp)-K. pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) infections. METHODS: Clinical data of patients with a TMPS-susceptible Kp-KPC infection were collected as a case series. RESULTS: We report clinical outcomes and tolerability for 14 patients infected by Kp-KPC strains susceptible to TMPS, including three bloodstream infections...
February 9, 2017: Infection
Roberto Ranieri, Giulio Starnini, Sergio Carbonara, Emanuele Pontali, Guido Leo, Antonio Romano, Sandro Panese, Roberto Monarca, Tullio Prestileo, Giorgio Barbarini, Sergio Babudieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Infection
Cecilia Grecchi, Paola Zanotti, Agostina Pontarelli, Erika Chiari, Lina Rachele Tomasoni, Maurizio Gulletta, Anna Barbui, Silvio Caligaris, Alberto Matteelli, Francesco Castelli
INTRODUCTION: Due to the increasing number of refugees from East Africa, louse-borne relapsing fever (LBRF) has become an emergent disease in Europe. No single case of LBRF has been reported in Europe in refugees from other parts of Africa. CASE REPORT: We report a case of LBRF in a refugee from Mali, likely acquired in Libya, where several migration routes into Europe meet. The disease must be considered in any febrile refugee regardless the country of origin.
February 4, 2017: Infection
Birgit Ross, Oliver Witzke
It is a century-old tradition of furnishing Bibles in the bedside drawers of hospitalized patients. But since the books cannot be disinfected, it might be possible that bacterial pathogens survive on the bibles. The aim of this study was to determine whether Bibles in patient's rooms can act as a vehicle for the spread of nosocomial infections from one to the next patient. We took samples from 50 Bibles in various general wards of the hospital. During the same period, we took contact samples of 99 hymnals from the hospital chapel...
February 1, 2017: Infection
Hideharu Hagiya, Kotaro Aoki, Yukihiro Akeda, Noriko Sakamoto, Norihisa Yamamoto, Hisao Yoshida, Isao Nishi, Yoshikazu Ishii, Kazunori Tomono
Identifying transmission route of antimicrobial-resistant pathogen is essential for appropriate infection control strategy in healthcare facilities. We report the utility of single-nucleotide variation analysis in tracing nosocomial transmission of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens by describing a pseudo-outbreak case of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae. The present case highlights that infection control strategy should encompass pathological dissection rooms, neglected but potentially highly contaminated places in hospitals...
January 30, 2017: Infection
Maude Vecten, Hélène Martel, Jean-Paul Casalta, Sandrine Hubert, Hubert Lepidi, Gilbert Habib, Didier Raoult, Frédérique Gouriet
INTRODUCTION: Neisseria macacae is a Gram-negative diplococcus, found in the oropharynx of healthy Rhesus Monkeys. Infections caused by N. macacae in humans are extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We present here the first case of N. macacae infective endocarditis in a 65-year-old man with a native aortic valve infection complicated by a peri-aortic abscess. N. macacae was isolated from blood culture and was found on the cardiac valve using 16S rDNA detection. Despite an appropriate antibiotic therapy, and aortic homograft replacement, and mitral repair, the patient died 4 days after surgery from a massive hemorrhagic stroke...
January 28, 2017: Infection
Marie Pichenot, Rozenn Héquette-Ruz, Remi Le Guern, Bruno Grandbastien, Clément Charlet, Frédéric Wallet, Sophie Schiettecatte, Fanny Loeuillet, Benoit Guery, Tatiana Galperine
PURPOSE: Two randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showed the non-inferiority of fidaxomicin compared with vancomycin for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) treatment and its superiority regarding recurrence rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate fidaxomicin's efficacy in clinical practice. METHODS: This single-center prospective cohort study included hospitalized patients treated with fidaxomicin for CDI. Demographic, clinical and biological data were collected...
January 24, 2017: Infection
J Bronnert, A Wulff, L Hillejan, I Reiter-Owona
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Infection
Nobuaki Mori, Yuichi Nishihara, Hideki Tayama, Akiko Higuchi, Yasuko Aoki
BACKGROUND: Kocuria species are Gram-positive, aerobic cocci, and members of the Micrcoccaceae family that are known to be opportunistic pathogens. Although there have been sporadic reports of infections caused by Kocuria species, little is known regarding their human pathogenicity and clinical characteristics. CASE REPORT: We herein report a case of a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)-related bloodstream infection caused by Kocuria marina in a 90-year-old Japanese with multiple cancer...
January 19, 2017: Infection
Christine Silwedel, Eric Frieauff, Wolfgang Thomas, Johannes G Liese, Christian P Speer
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a hyperinflammatory condition with impairment of cytotoxic T-cells and natural killer cells. Causes in infants are mostly hereditary immune defects as well as various infectious triggering factors, amongst these cytomegalovirus (CMV). Vertical CMV transmission may occur in utero, during birth, and by breast feeding. Usually, a CMV infection transmitted via breast milk is symptomatic only in very immature preterm infants. We report on a late preterm infant born after 35 + 5 weeks of gestation with a birth weight of 1840 g, being admitted to our intensive care unit at the age of 9 weeks with acute enteritis and severe dehydration...
January 16, 2017: Infection
Arno M Lechner, Eva Past, Ulla Porsche, Jan M Kern, Uta Hoppe, Ingrid Pretsch
Linezolid is an oxazolidinone antibiotic with activity against gram-positive organisms, particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). To the best of our knowledge, there are only two case reports on rhabdomyolysis in patients treated with linezolid. Here, we describe two cases of serious rhabdomyolysis: one in a patient with septic community-acquired (CA)-MRSA pneumonia and a second case in a patient with suspected catheter-related blood stream infection.
January 12, 2017: Infection
N Riccardi, G Cenderello, M Costa, G Cassola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Infection
Giuseppe Gatti, Bernardo Benussi, Florida Gripshi, Alessio Della Mattia, Alberto Proclemer, Antonio Cannatà, Lorella Dreas, Roberto Luzzati, Gianfranco Sinagra, Aniello Pappalardo
PURPOSE: Risk stratification is of utmost importance for patients with infective endocarditis (IE) who need surgery. However, for these critically ill patients, aspecific scoring systems are used to predict the risk of death after surgery. The aim of this study was both to analyze the risk factors for in-hospital death, which complicates surgery for IE and to create a mortality risk score based on the results of this analysis. METHODS: Outcomes of 138 consecutive patients (mean age 60...
January 4, 2017: Infection
Charlotte Warren-Gash, Kate Childs, Alicia Thornton, Sanjay Bhagani, Shirin Demma, Ankur Srivastava, Clifford Leen, Kosh Agarwal, Alison J Rodger, Caroline A Sabin
This study assessed the likelihood of referral for liver transplantation assessment in a prospective cohort of patients co-infected with HIV and hepatitis B or C with complications of cirrhosis. There were 141 co-infected patients from 11 UK centres with at least one complication of cirrhosis recorded (either decompensation or hepatocellular carcinoma) out of 772 identified with cirrhosis and/or HCC. Only 23 of these 141 (16.3%) were referred for liver transplantation assessment, even though referral is recommended for co-infected patients after the first decompensation episode...
January 4, 2017: Infection
Roberto Ranieri, Giulio Starnini, Sergio Carbonara, Emanuele Pontali, Guido Leo, Antonio Romano, Sandro Panese, Roberto Monarca, Tullio Prestileo, Giorgio Barbarini, Sergio Babudieri
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of HCV infection is higher among prisoners than in the general population. The introduction of HCV direct-acting antivirals (DAA) holds the potential to improve clinical outcomes also in inmates. However, treatment of hepatitis C in inmates has to face several clinical and logistical issues which are peculiar of prison environment. Recommendations on the management of HCV infection specific for the penitentiary setting in the DAA era remain scant. The Italian Society for Penitentiary Medicine and Healthcare has, therefore, issued these recommendations, to provide clinicians with a guide for the comprehensive management of HCV infection in the restriction setting, taking into account its peculiar characteristics...
December 26, 2016: Infection
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