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Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819875/pathways-from-birth-weight-to-adhd-symptoms-through-fluid-reasoning-in-youth-with-or-without-intellectual-disability
#1
Julia E Morgan, Steve S Lee, Sandra K Loo, Joshua W Yuhan, Bruce L Baker
Although individual differences in fluid reasoning reliably mediate predictions of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms from birth weight in youth with typical cognitive development (TD), it is unknown if this indirect effect operates similarly in the development of ADHD symptoms secondary to intellectual disability (ID). Thus, we evaluated mediation by fluid reasoning in a longitudinal sample of 163 youth (45% female) with (n = 52) or without (n = 111) ID who were followed prospectively from age 5 to age 13...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795253/autonomic-responses-to-head-up-tilt-test-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
Véronique-Aurélie Bricout, Marion Pace, Léa Dumortier, Anne Favre-Juvin, Michel Guinot
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a group of neurodevelopmental disorders often manifested by social and behavioral deficiencies. Autonomic dysfunction is frequently reported in the autistic population but the mechanisms remain largely unknown. We aimed to characterize the cardiac autonomic profile of children with autism during a head-up tilt test. Thirty-nine male children were recruited: 19 controls (9.9 ± 1.6 years) and 20 children with ASD without intellectual disability (10.7 ± 1.2 years). Each child underwent a head-up tilt test on a motorized tilt table...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791531/processing-speed-predicts-behavioral-treatment-outcomes-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-predominantly-inattentive-type
#3
Christopher J Adalio, Elizabeth B Owens, Keith McBurnett, Stephen P Hinshaw, Linda J Pfiffner
Neuropsychological functioning underlies behavioral symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Children with all forms of ADHD are vulnerable to working memory deficits and children presenting with the inattentive form of ADHD (ADHD-I) appear particularly vulnerable to processing speed deficits. As ADHD-I is the most common form of ADHD presented by children in community settings, it is important to consider how treatment interventions for children with ADHD-I may be affected by deficits in processing speed and working memory...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782091/infant-parasympathetic-and-sympathetic-activity-during-baseline-stress-and-recovery-interactions-with-prenatal-adversity-predict-physical-aggression-in-toddlerhood
#4
J Suurland, K B van der Heijden, S C J Huijbregts, S H M van Goozen, H Swaab
Exposure to prenatal adversity is associated with aggression later in life. Individual differences in autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning, specifically nonreciprocal activation of the parasympathetic (PNS) and sympathetic (SNS) nervous systems, increase susceptibility to aggression, especially in the context of adversity. Previous work examining interactions between early adversity and ANS functioning in infancy is scarce and has not examined interaction between PNS and SNS. This study examined whether the PNS and SNS moderate the relation between cumulative prenatal risk and early physical aggression in 124 children (57% male)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776147/looming-threats-and-animacy-reduced-responsiveness-in-youth-with-disrupted-behavior-disorders
#5
Stuart F White, Laura C Thornton, Joseph Leshin, Roberta Clanton, Stephen Sinclair, Dionne Coker-Appiah, Harma Meffert, Soonjo Hwang, James R Blair
Theoretical models have implicated amygdala dysfunction in the development of Disruptive Behavior Disorders (DBDs; Conduct Disorder/Oppositional Defiant Disorder). Amygdala dysfunction impacts valence evaluation/response selection and emotion attention in youth with DBDs, particularly in those with elevated callous-unemotional (CU) traits. However, amygdala responsiveness during social cognition and the responsiveness of the acute threat circuitry (amygdala/periaqueductal gray) in youth with DBDs have been less well-examined, particularly with reference to CU traits...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756500/the-role-of-attachment-and-maladaptive-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-the-development-of-bulimic-symptoms-in-adolescents
#6
Kim Van Durme, Lien Goossens, Guy Bosmans, Caroline Braet
Following the theoretical propositions of the Emotion Regulation model of attachment, the current study investigated whether attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance might play a differential contributing role in the development of bulimic symptoms, through assumed differences in adopting specific maladaptive emotion regulation strategies in a sample of adolescents. Developmentally appropriate self-report questionnaires were administered to a community sample of 397 adolescents (Mean age: 14.02; 62.7% female) and this at 2 time points with a 1-year time lag...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752300/functions-of-aggression-and-peer-victimization-in-elementary-school-children-the-mediating-role-of-social-preference
#7
Sam Manring, L Christian Elledge, Lisette W Swails, Eric M Vernberg
This study examined whether social preference was a mechanism that explained the relation between proactive and reactive aggression and peer victimization. Participants were 494 children in grades 2-5. Proactive and reactive aggression was assessed via a self-report measure and indices of social preference and peer victimization were assessed via a peer nomination inventory. Data was collected during the fall and spring of two academic years. The relations among aggression, social preference, and peer victimization varied as a function of aggression and gender...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736798/sympathetic-under-arousal-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Jason K Baker, Rachel M Fenning, Stephen A Erath, Brian R Baucom, Jacquelyn Moffitt, Mariann A Howland
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) commonly exhibit co-occurring externalizing behavior problems, which can impede learning opportunities and contribute significantly to caregiver stress. Substantial theory and research has linked under-arousal of the sympathetic nervous system to increased externalizing problems in children without ASD, but under-arousal has not been considered as an explanatory mechanism for individual differences among children with ASD. We tested the notion that lower electrodermal activity (EDA) would predict more externalizing problems in children with ASD, and considered the degree to which parent co-regulatory support could buffer this risk...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736797/victimization-mediates-the-longitudinal-association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-violent-behaviors-in-adolescence
#9
Rongqin Yu, Susan Branje, Wim Meeus, Hans M Koot, Pol van Lier, Seena Fazel
Despite evidence of a positive link between depressive symptoms and violent behaviors, the pathways underlying this longitudinal association remain unknown. Depressive symptoms might drive and reinforce victimization which in turn could increase risk of individuals becoming violent towards others. Thus, we tested whether victimization mediated the link between depressive symptoms and violent behaviors using a 6-year longitudinal study of a community sample of adolescents. The sample included 682 Dutch adolescents (54% boys) from an ongoing longitudinal study RADAR (Research on Adolescent Development and Relationships)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733886/cognitive-reappraisal-and-depression-in-children-with-a-parent-history-of-depression
#10
Anastacia Y Kudinova, Kiera James, Brandon E Gibb
Although decades of research have documented that children whose parents have a history of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) are at a higher risk of developing depression themselves, not all of these children go on to develop depression themselves, thus highlighting the need to understand potential moderators of risk. The current study examined whether child emotion regulation, specifically, the use of cognitive reappraisal and suppression, moderated the link between parent and child depression. We recruited 458 parents and their children between the ages of 7-11 from the community...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725956/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-clinical-correlates-and-impact-on-psychosocial-treatment-outcomes
#11
Heather A MacPherson, Sally M Weinstein, Amy E West
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in childhood is not well documented, especially among youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD). The current study evaluated prevalence and correlates of NSSI, and its impact on intervention response, in a randomized trial of Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) versus Treatment As Usual (TAU), adjunctive to pharmacotherapy. This study included 72 children ages 7-13 (58% male) with PBD. NSSI and correlates were assessed at baseline; mood and psychiatric severity were measured longitudinally...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721675/callous-unemotional-traits-are-uniquely-associated-with-poorer-peer-functioning-in-school-aged-children
#12
Sarah M Haas, Stephen P Becker, Jeffery N Epstein, Paul J Frick
This study examines externalizing symptoms (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], conduct problems, and callous-unemotional [CU] traits) in relation to domains of peer functioning (social competence, loneliness, and close friendship quality), with a specific focus on the role of CU traits. One hundred twenty-four elementary students (grades 3-6; 45% boys) completed multiple measures of peer functioning, and teachers completed measures of externalizing symptoms and social competence. After controlling for demographic variables and other externalizing symptoms, CU traits were significantly associated with poorer peer functioning across all variables except for demands of exclusivity in close friendships...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710531/longitudinal-associations-of-parental-emotion-socialization-and-children-s-emotion-regulation-the-moderating-role-of-adhd-symptomatology
#13
Rosanna P Breaux, Julia D McQuade, Elizabeth A Harvey, Rebecca J Zakarian
Theory and research suggest that parents' reactions to children's emotions play a critical role in teaching children effective emotion regulation (ER) skills, but no studies have directly examined the role that parent emotion socialization plays in the development of ER in children with ADHD. Gaining insight into the causes of impaired ER, particularly in youth with ADHD who are known to have poor ER, has important theoretical and translational significance. The present study is the first to longitudinally examine whether emotion socialization predicts later physiological and adult-reported measures of ER in children with and without ADHD...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702771/evidence-for-the-trait-impulsivity-etiological-model-in-a-clinical-sample-bifactor-structure-and-its-relation-to-impairment-and-environmental-risk
#14
Klaas Rodenacker, Christopher Hautmann, Anja Görtz-Dorten, Manfred Döpfner
The trait-impulsivity etiological model assumes that a general factor (trait-impulsivity) underlies attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and other externalizing disorders. We investigated the plausibility of this assumption by testing the factor structure of ADHD and ODD in a bifactor framework for a clinical sample of 1420 children between 6 and 18 years of age (M = 9.99, SD = 3.34; 85% male). Further, the trait-impulsivity etiological model assumes that ODD emerges only if environmental risk factors are present...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685398/developmental-changes-in-pretend-play-from-22-to-34-months-in-younger-siblings-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Susan B Campbell, Amanda S Mahoney, Jessie Northrup, Elizabeth L Moore, Nina B Leezenbaum, Celia A Brownell
Developmental trajectories of children's pretend play and social engagement, as well as parent sensitivity and stimulation, were examined in toddlers with an older sibling with autism spectrum disorder (ASD, high risk; HR) and toddlers with typically-developing older siblings (low risk; LR). Children (N = 168, 97 boys, 71 girls) were observed at 22, 28, and 34 months during free play with a parent and elicited pretend play with an examiner. At 28 and 34 months, children were asked to imagine the consequences of actions pantomimed by the examiner on a pretend transformation task...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681149/young-children-s-physiological-reactivity-during-memory-recall-associations-with-posttraumatic-stress-and-parent-physiological-synchrony
#16
Sarah A O Gray, Rebecca S Lipschutz, Mike S Scheeringa
Autonomic reactivity is implicated in stress response and social engagement - both key components of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - but few studies have examined autonomic reactivity in pediatric samples, and no known studies have examined physiological synchrony among children with PTSD and caregivers. In a sample of 247 young children (94 girls, 153 boys), most (85%) of whom had exposure to trauma and 40% who met criteria for PTSD, we examined children's patterns of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) at baseline and in response to a memory recall task, as well as correspondence between parents' and children's RSA...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664227/within-family-effects-of-smoking-during-pregnancy-on-adhd-the-importance-of-phenotype
#17
Kristine Marceau, L Cinnamon Bidwell, Hollis C Karoly, Allison Schettini Evans, Alexandre A Todorov, Rohan H Palmer, Andrew C Heath, Valerie S Knopik
We sought to test within- and between- family associations of smoking during pregnancy (SDP) and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using a structured interview based on the conventional Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) symptoms and the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-Symptoms and Normal-Behavior (SWAN) scale, which is a population based measure that grew out of the notion that an ADHD diagnosis exists on the extreme end of a continuum of normative behaviors and includes both above- and below- average performance on attention and activity...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646354/associations-between-race-and-eating-disorder-symptom-trajectories-in-black-and-white-girls
#18
Lindsay P Bodell, Jennifer E Wildes, Yu Cheng, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Kate Keenan, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
Epidemiological research suggests racial differences in the presentation of eating disorder symptoms. However, no studies have examined associations between race and eating disorder symptom trajectories across youth and adolescence, which is necessary to inform culturally sensitive prevention programs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the trajectories of eating disorder symptoms from childhood to young adulthood and to examine whether race was associated with trajectory group membership. Data were drawn from 2,305 Black and White girls who participated in a community-based longitudinal cohort study (Pittsburgh Girls Study) examining the development of psychopathology...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643207/parental-depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-outcome-in-the-treatment-of-child-depression
#19
Dikla Eckshtain, Lauren Krumholz Marchette, Jessica Schleider, John R Weisz
Child depression is an impairing condition for which psychotherapies have shown modest effects. Parental depression is a risk factor for development of child depression and might also be negatively associated with child depression treatment outcomes. To explore this possibility, we analyzed data from a study in which children were treated for depression after parental depressive symptoms had been assessed at baseline. Among children treated for depression in a randomized controlled trial, we identified 31 who had child- and parent-report pre- and post-treatment data on child symptoms and parent-report of pre-treatment parental depressive symptoms...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623624/effect-of-parenting-and-peer-stressors-on-cognitive-vulnerability-and-risk-for-depression-among-youth
#20
Caroline W Oppenheimer, Benjamin L Hankin, Jami Young
Parenting behaviors influence clinical depression among youth, but little is known about the developmental processes that may account for this association. This study investigated whether parenting is associated with the onset of clinical depression and depressive symptoms through negative cognitive style, particularly under conditions of high exposure to stressors, in a community sample of children and adolescents (N = 275; 59% girls). Observational methods were used to assess positive and negative parenting during a laboratory social-evaluative stressor task...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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