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Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

Kathryn L Humphreys, Emily L Watts, Emily L Dennis, Lucy S King, Paul M Thompson, Ian H Gotlib
Despite a growing understanding that early adversity in childhood broadly affects risk for psychopathology, the contribution of stressful life events to the development of symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not clear. In the present study, we examined the association between number of stressful life events experienced and ADHD symptoms, assessed using the Attention Problems subscale of the Child Behavior Checklist, in a sample of 214 children (43% male) ages 9.11-13.98 years (M = 11...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Joelle LeMoult, Kathryn L Humphreys, Lucy S King, Natalie L Colich, Alexandria N Price, Sarah J Ordaz, Ian H Gotlib
Despite the high prevalence and substantial costs of early life stress (ELS), the mechanisms through which ELS confers risk for psychopathology are poorly understood, particularly among youth who are in an earlier stage of the transition through puberty. We sought to advance our understanding of the link between ELS and psychopathology by testing whether rumination mediates the relation between ELS and symptoms of psychopathology in youth in the early stages of puberty, and whether sex moderates this mediation...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Jantine L Spilt, Geertje Leflot, Hilde Colpin
There is accumulating evidence that social relationships can buffer the development of depression in childhood and adolescence. However, few studies have focused on teacher-child relationships in the elementary school years. In addition, research that has examined bidirectional relations between teacher involvement and depressive symptoms is virtually absent in this age period. The participants in this study were 570 children and 30 teachers from 15 elementary schools. Data on children's depressive symptoms (peer- and teacher-reports) and teacher involvement (teacher-reports) were collected in the fall and spring of Grade 2 and Grade 3 (four waves)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Linqin Ji, Bin Pan, Wenxin Zhang, Liang Zhang, Liang Chen, Kirby Deater-Deckard
We examined the bidirectional relations between peer relations and attention problems from middle childhood through adolescence. Using data from the Longitudinal Study of Chinese Children and Adolescents (LSCCA, N = 2157, 51.9% male), three key aspects of peer relations (acceptance, rejection, and victimization) were assessed annually from 9 to 16 years of age. Attention problems were assessed at 9 and 15 years. Latent growth modeling indicated that greater attention problems at age 9 were linked with a lower intercept for peer acceptance, and higher intercepts for rejection and victimization...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Marie Claire Saunders, Henrik Anckarsäter, Sebastian Lundström, Clara Hellner, Paul Lichtenstein, Nathalie M G Fontaine
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits (e.g., lack of empathy, lack of guilt, shallow affect) are associated with severe and persistent conduct problems in youth. There is evidence showing a substantial genetic correlation between CU traits and conduct problems. The etiological associations between CU traits and other psychopathological symptoms, including symptoms of hyperactivity and emotional problems (such as anxiety and depression symptoms), have been less explored. To examine the etiological associations between CU traits and symptoms of conduct problems, hyperactivity and emotional problems separately through the use of a twin design...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Michael J Kofler, Lauren N Irwin, Elia F Soto, Nicole B Groves, Sherelle L Harmon, Dustin E Sarver
Neurocognitive heterogeneity is increasingly recognized as a valid phenomenon in ADHD, with most estimates suggesting that executive dysfunction is present in only about 33%-50% of these children. However, recent critiques question the veracity of these estimates because our understanding of executive functioning in ADHD is based, in large part, on data from single tasks developed to detect gross neurological impairment rather than the specific executive processes hypothesized to underlie the ADHD phenotype...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Belén Sáez, Mateu Servera, G Leonard Burns, Stephen P Becker
Despite increasing interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children and advancements in its measurement, little research has examined child self-reported SCT. Child self-report of SCT is important for the multi-informant assessment of SCT. The current study used a large, school-based sample of children and a multi-informant design to examine child self-reported SCT using the Child Concentration Inventory - Version 2 (CCI-2) which was recently revised based on meta-analytic findings and parallels the item content of validated parent and teacher rating scales...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Stefanie A Nelemans, Evelien van Assche, Patricia Bijttebier, Hilde Colpin, Karla van Leeuwen, Karine Verschueren, Stephan Claes, Wim van den Noortgate, Luc Goossens
Guided by a developmental psychopathology framework, research has increasingly focused on the interplay of genetics and environment as a predictor of different forms of psychopathology, including social anxiety. In these efforts, the polygenic nature of complex phenotypes such as social anxiety is increasingly recognized, but studies applying polygenic approaches are still scarce. In this study, we applied Principal Covariates Regression as a novel approach to creating polygenic components for the oxytocin system, which has recently been put forward as particularly relevant to social anxiety...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Sébastien Normand, Marie Michèle Soucisse, Marie Pier Vézina Melançon, Barry H Schneider, Matthew D Lee, Marie-France Maisonneuve
Previous observational studies conducted in highly structured, analog situations indicate that children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) mismanage their relationships with same-age peers and friends. Such structured situations may not, however, fully represent the true nature of children's play, which is typically characterized by free choice, intrinsic motivation, and spontaneity. The unique objective of the current observational study was to describe how 87 children with ADHD and 46 comparison (76% boys) aged 7-13 years behave when interacting with their real-life dyadic friends during an unstructured, free-play situation...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Daniel R Leopold, Micaela E Christopher, Richard K Olson, Stephen A Petrill, Erik G Willcutt
A population-based longitudinal sample of 489 twin pairs was assessed at six time points over ten years to examine the measurement invariance and stability of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, as well as the developmental relations between inattention (IN), hyperactivity-impulsivity (HI), and multiple aspects of functional impairment. Parent ratings of ADHD symptoms and functional impairment were obtained in preschool and after the completion of kindergarten, first, second, fourth, and ninth grades...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Brandon L Goldstein, Stewart A Shankman, Autumn Kujawa, Dana C Torpey-Newman, Margaret W Dyson, Thomas M Olino, Daniel N Klein
Depression is characterized by low positive emotionality (PE) and high negative emotionality (NE), as well as asymmetries in resting electroencephalography (EEG) alpha power. Moreover, frontal asymmetry has itself been linked to PE, NE, and related constructs. However, little is known about associations of temperamental PE and NE with resting EEG asymmetries in young children and whether this association changes as a function of development. In a longitudinal study of 254 three-year old children, we assessed PE and NE at age 3 using a standard laboratory observation procedure...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Tessa K Kritikos, Jonathan S Comer, Meiqi He, Laura C Curren, Martha C Tompson
In this meta-analysis, we review findings on the relationships between parental combat exposure and PTSD/PTSS in military-serving families and (1) parenting problems, (2) family maladjustment, and (3) offspring problems. We systematically searched for studies in PsycInfo, PsychArticles, Psychology and Behavior Sciences Collection, Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress (PILOTS), and PubMed/Medline as well as conducted manual searches. Search procedures identified 22 eligible studies, including 20 studies examining relationships between parental PTSD/PTSS and parenting, family, and/or offspring outcomes and 8 studies examining relationships between parental combat exposure and parenting, family, and/or offspring outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Madlen Grunewald, Mirko Döhnert, Daniel Brandeis, Annette Maria Klein, Kai von Klitzing, Tina Matuschek, Stephanie Stadelmann
Individuals diagnosed with a depressive disorder have been found to show reduced reactions to emotional information consistent with the hypothesis of an emotional context insensitivity. However, there are contradictory findings of enhanced reactivity and mood-congruent processing. Electroencephalography (EEG) recordings of the late positive potential (LPP) can display such blunted or enhanced activity. Due to these contradictory findings, there is a need to clarify the role of the LPP in the emergence and presence of depressive disorders especially in children...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Joey Fung, Joanna J Kim, Joel Jin, Grace Chen, Laurel Bear, Anna S Lau
The study examined the efficacy of a school-based mindfulness intervention on mental health and emotion regulation outcomes among adolescents in a wait-list controlled trial. The study also explored mediators and moderators of intervention effects. A total of 145 predominantly ethnic minority (Asian and Latino) 9th grade students with elevated mood symptoms were randomized to receive a 12-week mindfulness intervention at the start of the academic year, or in the second semester of the year. Students completed measures of emotion regulation and mental health symptoms at baseline, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Ruby Charak, Julian D Ford, Crosby A Modrowski, Patricia K Kerig
Among the 90% of adolescents involved in juvenile justice who have experienced traumatic victimization, a sub-group may be at highest risk due to histories of multiple types of interpersonal and non-interpersonal trauma, termed polyvictims. Latent class analyses (LCA) have identified polyvictimized subgroups in several studies of adolescents and adults, but only one study of traumatic victimization has been conducted with justice-involved youth (Ford et al. 2013). The current investigation replicates and extends that study's findings using LCA to assess a wider range of victimization- and nonvictimization-related adversities and emotion dysregulation, DSM-5 symptom clusters of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and behavioral health problems, such as substance use, anger, depression, somatic complaints, and suicide ideation...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Spencer C Evans, Paula J Fite
The failure model posits that peer rejection and poor academic performance are dual pathways in the association between early aggressive behavior and subsequent depressive symptoms. We examined this model using an accelerated longitudinal design while also incorporating proactive and reactive aggression and gender moderation. Children in 1st, 3rd, and 5th grades (n = 912; ages 6-12; 48% female) were rated three times annually by their primary teachers on measures of proactive and reactive aggression, peer rejection, academic performance, and depressive symptoms...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Anthony W Sali, Brian A Anderson, Steven Yantis, Stewart H Mostofsky, Keri S Rosch
The authors would like to correct a few minor errors in our article, none of which change the conclusions or interpretations presented.
April 11, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Eivor Fredriksen, Tilmann von Soest, Lars Smith, Vibeke Moe
Maternal postnatal depression has been associated with a broad range of developmental risk among children. However, there has been less focus on disentangling the effects of pre- and postnatal depressive symptoms, as well as examining the symptoms of both parents. This study aims to investigate the separate effects of pre- and postnatal depressive symptoms in mothers and fathers, and parents' differential effects on child social-emotional, cognitive, and language development at 18 months of age. Further, we investigate whether effects of depressive symptomatology on child outcomes are particularly strong when both parents evinced high symptom loads and whether parenting stress mediates associations between perinatal depressive symptoms and child developmental outcomes...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Lars Wichstrøm, Frode Stenseng, Jay Belsky, Tilmann von Soest, Beate Wold Hygen
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) was included in the Addendum to DSM-5 as a condition for further study. Studies of community samples using a diagnostic interview are lacking, and evaluations of the proposed symptoms, comorbidities, and predictors of IGD are scarce. To provide such information participants in a Norwegian prospective community study were assessed with a clinical interview at age 10 years. Symptoms of other psychiatric disorders were measured with the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment at ages 8 and 10 (n = 740)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Michele Bechor, Michelle L Ramos, Michael J Crowley, Wendy K Silverman, Jeremy W Pettit, Bethany C Reeb-Sutherland
Late-stage attentional processing of threatening stimuli, quantified through event-related potentials (ERPs), differentiates youth with and without anxiety disorders. It is unknown whether early-stage attentional processing of threatening stimuli differentiates these groups. Examining both early and late stage attentional processes in youth may advance knowledge and enhance efforts to identify biomarkers for translational prevention and treatment research. Twenty-one youth with primary DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders (10 males, ages 8-15 years) and 21 typically developing Controls (15 males, ages 8-16 years) completed a dot probe task while electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded, and ERPs were examined...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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