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Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

Rany Abend, Reut Naim, Lee Pergamin-Hight, Nathan A Fox, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
Attention bias modification treatment (ABMT) aims to reduce anxiety symptoms via practice on computerized attention training tasks. Despite evidence of efficacy, clinical effects appear heterogeneous. More research on ABMT mechanisms and moderators of treatment response is needed. Age is one potentially important moderator, as developmental differences in training effects may impact response. We examined developmental links between ABMT training effects and response in social anxiety disorder (SAD). We pooled data from two randomized controlled trials in treatment-seeking youths and adults with SAD (N = 99) that used identical ABMT methods...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Lorcan Kenny, Serena J Cribb, Elizabeth Pellicano
Longitudinal studies of autistic people show that the behavioral features of autism generally endure into adulthood. Yet the prognostic indicators remain far from certain, especially for cognitively able individuals. Here, we test the predictive power of specific cognitive skills, namely theory of mind and executive function, measured in childhood, on young people's autistic features and adaptive behavior 12 years later. Twenty-eight young autistic people (2 female) were seen twice within the space of 12 years...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Naomi C Z Andrews, Laura D Hanish, Kimberly A Updegraff, Dawn DeLay, Carol Lynn Martin
Little is known about youth's initial interactions with previously unfamiliar peers and how aggression can affect behavior in these interactions. We observed previously unfamiliar youth engaging in a dyadic activity to determine how tendencies toward aggression related to behavior within the activity (i.e., collaboration) and how collaboration affected initial impression formation. From a dyadic perspective, we assessed how similarities versus differences in tendencies toward aggression affected the nature of the interaction...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Vandhana Choenni, Mijke P Lambregtse-van den Berg, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier, Rianne Kok
In this longitudinal population-based cohort (N = 547) we examined the relation between maternal discipline and sensitivity in the preschool period and the occurrence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in middle childhood, taking into account pre-existing child attention and executive function (EF) problems, and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom comorbidity. Maternal parenting was observed during a 'do not touch task' (positive and negative discipline) and a teaching task (sensitivity) at age 3...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Lisa-Christine Girard, Richard E Tremblay, Daniel Nagin, Sylvana M Côté
The persistence of elevated subtypes of aggression beginning in childhood have been associated with long-term maladaptive outcomes. Yet it remains unclear to what extent there are clusters of individuals following similar developmental trajectories across forms (i.e., physical and indirect) and functions (i.e., proactive and reactive) of aggression. We aimed to identify groups of children with distinct profiles of the joint development of forms and functions of aggression and to identify risk factors for group membership...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Susanne Schulz, Patty Leijten, Daniel S Shaw, Geertjan Overbeek
Disruptive child behavior is often exacerbated and maintained by negative and inconsistent parenting behavior that unwittingly reinforces disruptive behavior. One explanation for why parents render it difficult to remain positive and consistent might be the impact of disruptive child behavior on parent self-efficacy and stress. This study investigates how disruptive child behavior in a challenging parenting situation shapes parental momentary thoughts of self-efficacy and feelings of stress (i.e., perceived distress and physiological arousal), and how these in turn predict parenting behavior...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Paul D Hastings, Jessica S Grady, Lindsey E Barrieau
Emotion socialization by parents contributes to children's trajectories of healthy and unhealthy emotional development, but there has been little research into the determinants and development of parental emotion socialization. We examined whether young children's anxious characteristics, including expressed anxiety with peers and low basal respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), predicted changes in mothers' and fathers' emotion socialization over the subsequent year. Using regression and regions of significance analyses, we observed that children's expressed anxiety moderated the stability of mothers' and fathers' supportive and unsupportive emotion socialization, primarily in ways that would be likely to maintain or exacerbate children's social anxiety...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Johanna Schoppmann, Silvia Schneider, Sabine Seehagen
Emotion regulation strategies have been linked to the development of mental disorders. In this experiment, we investigated if imitation is an effective way of learning to increase the usage of the emotion regulation strategy 'distraction' for 22-month-old toddlers. Toddlers in two experimental conditions participated in two waiting situations intended to elicit frustration, with a modeling situation between the first and the second waiting situation. In the modeling situation, toddlers observed how either a familiar model (parent) or an unfamiliar model (experimenter) demonstrated the use of distraction as a strategy to cope with a frustrating situation...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Michelle L Kelley, Adrian J Bravo, Abby L Braitman
The authors would like to note a couple of errors in Table 3 of the originally published manuscript.
October 18, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Christopher J Trentacosta, Rebecca Waller, Jenae M Neiderhiser, Daniel S Shaw, Misaki N Natsuaki, Jody M Ganiban, David Reiss, Leslie D Leve, Luke W Hyde
Callous-unemotional (CU) behaviors increase children's risk for subsequent antisocial behavior. This risk process may begin in early childhood with reciprocal pathways between CU behaviors and harsh parenting. In a sample of 561 linked triads of biological mothers, adoptive parents, and adopted children, the present study examined bidirectional links between CU behaviors and harsh parenting across three time points from 18 to 54 months and investigated moderation by inherited risk for psychopathic traits. Child CU behaviors and harsh parenting were measured using adoptive mother and adoptive father reports, and biological mothers provided reports of their personality characteristics...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Sarah A Owens, Sarah W Helms, Karen D Rudolph, Paul D Hastings, Matthew K Nock, Mitchell J Prinstein
In recent decades, stress response models of adolescent depression have gained attention, but it remains unclear why only certain adolescents are vulnerable to the depressogenic effects of stress while others are not. Building on evidence that affective and physiological responses to stress moderate the impact of stress exposure on depression, the current study examined whether the interaction between severity of interpersonal stress, subjective affective reactivity, and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity to an acute, in-vivo psychosocial stressor prospectively predicted depressive symptoms nine months later...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Amanda N Burnside, Noni K Gaylord-Harden
Justice-involved boys from urban communities are disproportionately impacted by community violence exposure (ECV) and despite decades of research, rates of ECV in youth continue to increase particularly for youth involved in the juvenile justice system. Despite the increased risk of exposure, the majority of research focuses on what may protect youth from the deleterious outcomes associated with violence exposure, rather than strategies that may prevent the violence exposure from occurring. The current study seeks to shift the focus of research in this area to examining factors that may predict future violence exposure...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Francesca Kassing, Jennifer Godwin, John E Lochman, John D Coie
The current study examined whether teacher and parent ratings of externalizing behavior during kindergarten and 1st grade accurately predicted the presence of adult convictions by age 25. Data were collected as part of the Fast Track Project. Schools were identified based on poverty and crime rates in four locations: Durham, NC, Nashville, TN, Seattle, WA, and rural, central PA. Teacher and parent screening measures of externalizing behavior were collected at the end of kindergarten and 1st grade. ROC curves were used to visually depict the tradeoff between sensitivity and specificity and best model fit was determined...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Juan J Madrid-Valero, Juan R Ordoñana, Kelly L Klump, S Alexandra Burt
There is a strong relationship between sleep and behavioral problems. These findings are often interpreted via environmental explanations, such that poor sleep directly exacerbates or causes symptoms of aggression and behavior problems. However, there are other possible explanations, such that the genes predicting poor sleep also predict aggression or rule-breaking. The current study sought to elucidate the origin of this relationship. The sample was composed of 1030 twin pairs (426 monozygotic and 604 dizygotic)...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Esther Ben-Itzchak, Noa Nachshon, Ditza A Zachor
Sibling relationships play a unique developmental role, especially in emotional and social domains. In autism spectrum disorder (ASD), social-communication skills are often impaired in comparison to typical development. Therefore, studying siblings' effects on social skills of the child with ASD is important. This retrospective study examined how autism severity and functioning were affected by having older and younger sibling/s, the sex of the index child and of the sibling, and the number of siblings. The study population included 150 participants with ASD (mean age = 4:0 ± 1:6), divided into three equal groups (no sibling, older and younger siblings), matched for cognitive level...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Leigh A Spivey, Mitchell J Prinstein
Suicidal thoughts and behaviors are a significant health concern for adolescents. Extant research suggests that sexual and gender minority adolescents are a vulnerable population at elevated risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors, yet to date few studies have examined the unique associations between adolescent gender nonconformity and suicide risk. This study examined data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey (n = 7730) to estimate the association between gender nonconformity and high school-aged adolescents' likelihood of endorsing four distinct suicide outcomes: suicidal ideation, suicide plans, any suicide attempts, and single vs...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Rachel M Hiller, Cathy Creswell, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Sarah Lobo, Felicity Cowdrey, Mark D Lyttle, Anke Ehlers, Sarah L Halligan
Cognitive models of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) highlight maladaptive posttrauma appraisals, trauma memory qualities, and coping strategies, such as rumination or thought suppression, as key processes that maintain PTSD symptoms. Anxiety, depression and externalising symptoms can also present in children in the aftermath of trauma, yet there has been little empirical investigation of the potential relevance of posttrauma cognitive processes for such difficulties. Here, we examined whether: a) acute maladaptive cognitive processes (specifically, maladaptive appraisals, memory qualities, and cognitive coping) were associated with symptoms of PTSD, internalising, and externalising at 1-month posttrauma (T1); and b) changes in these cognitive processes predicted symptom change at a follow-up assessment 6 months later (T2)...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Kerstin Stülb, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Amar Arhab, Annina E Zysset, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Andrea H Meyer, David Garcia-Burgos, Ulrike Ehlert, Susi Kriemler, Oskar G Jenni, Jardena J Puder, Simone Munsch
Acute stress response measures serve as an indicator of physiological functioning, but have previously led to contradictory results in young children due to age-related cortisol hypo-responsivity and methodological inconsistencies in assessment. The aim of this study was to investigate stress responses during a validated age-adapted socio-evaluative stress task in children aged 2-6 years in a child care environment and to detect socio-demographic, task- and child-related characteristics of stress responses...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Xuechen Ding, Robert J Coplan, Xinmei Deng, Laura L Ooi, Dan Li, Biao Sang
The goal of the present study was to empirically examine different conceptual mechanisms previously postulated to underlie the development of social avoidance in childhood. Participants were N = 601 children (321 boys, 280 girls) attending elementary schools (Mage  = 10.21 years) and middle schools (Mage  = 12.77 years) in Shanghai, P.R. China. Measures of motivations for social withdrawal (shyness, unsociability, social avoidance) and socio-emotional adjustment were collected using self-reports and peer nominations at two time-points separated by 9 months...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Marta Benito-Gomez, Anne C Fletcher, Cheryl Buehler
This study examines the moderating effect of both branches of the autonomic nervous system (sympathetic and parasympathetic) on associations between peer exclusion and internalizing behaviors. Young adolescents (N = 68) self-reported their perceptions of peer exclusion and internalizing problems and participated in stress-inducing public speaking tasks. Skin conductance and respiratory sinus arrhythmia were assessed at baseline (skin conductance baseline, SCLB; respiratory sinus arrhythmia baseline, RSAB) and during the challenge task to provide measures of physiological reactivity (skin conductance reactivity, SCLR; respiratory sinus arrhythmia reactivity, delta RSA)...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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