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Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317068/predicting-adhd-symptoms-in-adolescence-from-early-childhood-temperament-traits
#1
Tzlil Einziger, Linoy Levi, Yael Zilberman-Hayun, Judith G Auerbach, Naama Atzaba-Poria, Shoshana Arbelle, Andrea Berger
Extreme levels of certain temperament traits can be early markers of different developmental pathways of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the long-term utility of using these traits as predictors of ADHD is not fully known. This study includes 64 male adolescents (M age = 13.5), who have been followed since birth as part of a longitudinal study. The primary aim was to test effortful control (EC), activity level, and anger, measured in early childhood - both with mother's reports and laboratory assessments -as predictors of ADHD symptoms in adolescence...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315125/evidence-of-non-linear-associations-between-frustration-related-prefrontal-cortex-activation-and-the-normal-abnormal-spectrum-of-irritability-in-young-children
#2
Adam S Grabell, Yanwei Li, Jeff W Barker, Lauren S Wakschlag, Theodore J Huppert, Susan B Perlman
Burgeoning interest in early childhood irritability has recently turned toward neuroimaging techniques to better understand normal versus abnormal irritability using dimensional methods. Current accounts largely assume a linear relationship between poor frustration management, an expression of irritability, and its underlying neural circuitry. However, the relationship between these constructs may not be linear (i.e., operate differently at varying points across the irritability spectrum), with implications for how early atypical irritability is identified and treated...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299526/interpretation-bias-training-in-depressed-adolescents-near-and-far-transfer-effects
#3
Joelle LeMoult, Natalie Colich, Jutta Joormann, Manpreet K Singh, Caitlin Eggleston, Ian H Gotlib
Depressed adolescents are characterized by negative interpretation biases. Although investigators have used cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) to experimentally manipulate interpretation biases in depressed adults, the near- and far-transfer effects are not well understood in adolescents diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). In this study, we extend previous research by investigating the near- and far-transfer effects of 6 sessions of Positive versus Neutral CBM-I on independent measures of interpretation bias (near-transfer effects) and on attention biases and clinical symptoms (far-transfer effects) in a sample of adolescents with MDD (n = 46)...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283857/gene-environment-interactions-in-adhd-the-roles-of-ses-and-chaos
#4
Karen L Gould, William L Coventry, Richard K Olson, Brian Byrne
Although attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is highly heritable, emerging evidence suggests symptoms are associated with interactions between genes and the environment (GxE) during development. This study tested whether heritability of ADHD symptoms is moderated by two environmental factors: socioeconomic status (SES) and chaos (household disorganisation). A population sample of 520 twin pairs (N = 1040, 52.3% female) from 6 to 15 years completed measures of behavior and home environment. Structural equation modelling was then used to test whether environmental factors were associated with a change in the extent to which genes explain variability in ADHD symptoms...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258357/do-overgeneral-autobiographical-memories-predict-increased-psychopathological-symptoms-in-community-youth-a-3-year-longitudinal-investigation
#5
Charlotte Gutenbrunner, Karen Salmon, Paul E Jose
Research suggests that an overgeneral autobiographical memory style (i.e., retrieval of general memories when instructed to retrieve a specific episodic memory) represents a vulnerability marker for depression. Although adolescence is a period of high risk for the emergence of depression, little research has investigated the associations among overgeneral memory, psychopathology, and risk factors longitudinally in a community sample in this age group. We, therefore, investigated overgeneral memory, psychopathology (depression and anxiety), and rumination (an established risk factor for psychopathology) longitudinally in 269 typically-developing youth (125 females, 144 males) across 3 annual assessment points...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255673/the-influence-of-child-gender-on-the-prospective-relationships-between-parenting-and-child-adhd
#6
David H Demmer, Francis Puccio, Mark A Stokes, Jane A McGillivray, Merrilyn Hooley
The aims of the current study were to (i) explore the potential bidirectional, prospective relationships between parenting and child ADHD, and (ii) explore whether these relationships differed on the basis of child gender. Data were obtained from waves 1 (children aged 4- to 5-years) to 5 (children aged 12- to 13-years) of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Child (LSAC) dataset (child cohort). In order to examine dimensions of both mothers' and fathers' parenting, a subsample of nuclear families with mothers, fathers and children present at all waves was extracted (final sample = 1932; sons = 981, daughters = 951)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229368/internalizing-and-externalizing-problem-behavior-a-test-of-a-latent-variable-interaction-predicting-a-two-part-growth-model-of-adolescent-substance-use
#7
Craig R Colder, Seth Frndak, Liliana J Lengua, Jennifer P Read, Larry W Hawk, William F Wieczorek
Externalizing symptoms robustly predict adolescent substance use (SU); however, findings regarding internalizing symptoms have been mixed, suggesting that there may be important moderators of the relationship between internalizing problems and SU. The present study used a longitudinal community sample (N = 387, 55% female, 83% White) to test whether externalizing symptoms moderated the relationship between internalizing symptoms and trajectories of alcohol and marijuana use from early (age 11-12 years old) to late (age 18-19 years old) adolescence...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217827/bidirectional-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-functions-of-aggression-in-middle-childhood-further-evaluation-across-informants-and-academic-years
#8
John L Cooley, Paula J Fite, Casey A Pederson
The current 3-wave study examined bidirectional associations between peer victimization and functions of aggression across informants over a 1-year period in middle childhood, with attention to potential gender differences. Participants included 198 children (51% girls) in the third and fourth grades and their homeroom teachers. Peer victimization was assessed using both child- and teacher-reports, and teachers provided ratings of reactive and proactive aggression. Cross-classified multilevel cross-lagged models indicated that child-reports, but not teacher-reports, of peer victimization predicted higher levels of reactive aggression within and across academic years...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215023/hpa-axis-activation-as-a-key-moderator-of-childhood-trauma-exposure-and-adolescent-mental-health
#9
Kate R Kuhlman, Elisa G Geiss, Ivan Vargas, Nestor Lopez-Duran
Individual differences in a child's sensitivity to stress may influence whether youth exposed to trauma develop symptoms of psychopathology. We examined the interaction between HPA-axis reactivity to an acute stressor and exposure to different types of childhood trauma as predictors of mental health symptoms in a sample of youth. Youth (n = 121, ages 9-16; 47% female) completed a standardized stress task, including 5 post-stress salivary cortisol samples. Parents also completed the Child Behavior Checklist as a measure of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms in the past month, and completed the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) as a measure of their child's trauma exposure...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215022/reciprocal-relations-between-the-trajectories-of-mothers-harsh-discipline-responsiveness-and-aggression-in-early-childhood
#10
Nazli Baydar, Berna Akcinar
Theoretical advances in the study of the development of aggressive behaviors indicate that parenting behaviors and child aggression mutually influence one another. This study contributes to the body of empirical research in this area by examining the development of child aggression, maternal responsiveness, and maternal harsh discipline, using 5-year longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of Turkish children (n = 1009; 469 girls and 582 boys). Results indicated that: (i) maternal responsiveness and harsh discipline at age 3 were associated with the subsequent linear trajectory of aggression; (ii) reciprocally, aggressive behaviors at age 3 were associated with the subsequent linear trajectories of these two types of parenting behaviors; (iii) deviations from the linear trajectories of the child and mother behaviors tended to be short lived; and, (iv) the deviations of child behaviors from the linear trajectories were associated with the subsequent changes in mother behaviors after age 5...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215021/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-processing-speed-and-internalizing-symptoms-the-moderating-effect-of-age
#11
Lisa A Jacobson, Megan Geist, E Mark Mahone
Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) has been defined by a constellation of caregiver-reported symptoms that includes daydreaming, difficulty initiating and sustaining effort, lethargy, and physical underactivity. These symptoms have been observed in both typically developing children and in some children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-especially those with the predominantly inattentive presentation. Symptoms of SCT (typically identified via rating scales) appear separable from DSM inattentive ADHD symptoms, but have also been associated with internalizing symptoms...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188560/maternal-incarceration-children-s-psychological-adjustment-and-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation
#12
Janice L Zeman, Danielle H Dallaire, Johanna B Folk, Todd M Thrash
Children who live in the context of maternal incarceration (MI) are exposed to both general environmental risk and incarceration-specific risk increasing the probability of their developing externalizing and internalizing behaviors problems. Little research has examined the socio-emotional mechanisms that account for the psychological effects of MI. This research examined children's anger and sadness regulation as mediators between environmental and incarceration-specific risk and psychological functioning...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181060/parents-and-children-s-adhd-in-a-family-system
#13
EDITORIAL
Kirby Deater-Deckard
ADHD symptoms "run in families". However, relatively little is known about the ways in which parents' symptoms might additively and interactively work with the parenting environment, to influence (and be influenced by) the developmental trajectory of symptoms in children and adolescents. In this commentary on the special section addressing this gap in knowledge, emphasis is placed on the importance of replicating and extending family-wide studies of ADHD symptoms and etiology. The current papers exemplify the leading-edge of such efforts, demonstrating the feasibility and rigor with which studies are being conducted, utilizing longitudinal and experimental designs...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181059/parental-adhd-relations-to-parenting-child-behavior-and-treatment-outcomes
#14
EDITORIAL
Charlotte Johnston, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168628/father-child-and-mother-child-interactions-with-children-with-anxiety-disorders-emotional-expressivity-and-flexibility-of-dyads
#15
Daniëlle Van der Giessen, Susan Maria Bögels
This observational study examined whether emotional expressivity and emotional flexibility differed between parent-child dyads with and without children with an anxiety disorder (AD). Effects of parents' own AD on emotional expressivity and flexibility of dyads was also studied. The sample consisted of 128 referred children (59.4% girls) with an AD (8-18-year-olds) and both of their parents, and 44 matched non-AD children (63.6% girls) and both of their parents. Father-child and mother-child dyads were videotaped while discussing a conflict...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144810/preventing-conduct-disorder-and-callous-unemotional-traits-preliminary-results-of-a-school-based-pilot-training-program
#16
Melina Nicole Kyranides, Kostas A Fanti, Evita Katsimicha, Giorgos Georgiou
This study investigated whether a school-based pilot prevention program is effective in reducing Conduct Disorder (CD) symptoms and callous unemotional (CU) traits (i.e., lack of empathy and guilt) in a community sample of children. A total of 304 children from three schools in Cyprus were randomly assigned at school level to either a prevention group that received a skill building training program (N = 94; M age  = 7.91, SD = .74; 52.1% female) or a control group that received no training (N = 210; M age  = 7...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138808/mother-child-interactions-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-preschoolers-over-time-inhibitory-control-as-a-mediator
#17
Rianne van Dijk, Maja Deković, Tessa L Bunte, Kim Schoemaker, Mariëlle Zondervan-Zwijnenburg, Kimberly A Espy, Walter Matthys
Previous research has shown links between parenting and externalizing behavior problems in young children over time. Associations between inhibitory control, one of the executive functions, and externalizing behavior problems are widely established as well. Yet, the role of inhibitory control in the maintenance and change of externalizing behavior problems over time remains unclear. We examined whether inhibitory control could explain the link between mother-child interactions measured on a moment-to-moment timescale and preschoolers' externalizing behavior problems as reported by teachers...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138807/neurophysiological-processing-of-emotion-in-children-of-mothers-with-a-history-of-depression-the-moderating-role-of-preschool-persistent-irritability
#18
Ellen M Kessel, Autumn Kujawa, Lea R Dougherty, Greg Hajcak, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
Research on emotion-processing biases in offspring of depressed parents has produced a variety of findings. Child persistent irritability may be a useful clinical feature that demarcates subgroups of offspring with distinct patterns of emotion processing. The present study examined whether early persistent irritability moderated the relationship between maternal lifetime history of a depressive disorder and appetitive- and aversive-emotion processing in 338 never-depressed pre-adolescent children (43.8% female)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138806/drd4-variants-moderate-the-impact-of-parental-characteristics-on-child-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-exploratory-evidence-from-a-multiplex-family-design
#19
Molly A Nikolas, Allison M Momany
Parental ADHD symptomatology and related impairments have been robustly associated with youth ADHD across decades of work. Notably, these factors may impede typical development of child self-regulation capabilities through both neurobiological and interpersonal processes. High heritability of estimates for the disorder further suggest that these effects are likely genetically-mediated, at least in part. Variation within the dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) has been shown to moderate parental influences on youth ADHD...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133705/selective-visual-attention-towards-oneself-and-associated-state-body-satisfaction-an-eye-tracking-study-in-adolescents-with-different-types-of-eating-disorders
#20
Anika Bauer, Silvia Schneider, Manuel Waldorf, Karsten Braks, Thomas J Huber, Dirk Adolph, Silja Vocks
The development of eating disorders is associated with a body-related attentional bias. Although eating disorders are especially prevalent in adolescence, so far, no study has analyzed gaze patterns and state body image in response to viewing one's own body in youth. To fill this gap, the present study aimed to examine a body-related attentional bias and state body satisfaction in adolescents with various forms of eating disorders. Girls with anorexia nervosa, restrictive type (AN-R; n = 30), anorexia nervosa, binge eating/purging type (AN-BP; n = 26), bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 22), clinical controls with anxiety disorders (n = 20) and healthy controls (n = 43) looked at photographs of their own and a peer's body, while their spontaneous eye movements were recorded...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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