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Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

Marta Benito-Gomez, Anne C Fletcher, Cheryl Buehler
This study examines the moderating effect of both branches of the autonomic nervous system (sympathetic and parasympathetic) on associations between peer exclusion and internalizing behaviors. Young adolescents (N = 68) self-reported their perceptions of peer exclusion and internalizing problems and participated in stress-inducing public speaking tasks. Skin conductance and respiratory sinus arrhythmia were assessed at baseline (skin conductance baseline, SCLB; respiratory sinus arrhythmia baseline, RSAB) and during the challenge task to provide measures of physiological reactivity (skin conductance reactivity, SCLR; respiratory sinus arrhythmia reactivity, delta RSA)...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
D M Lydon-Staley, M Xia, H W Mak, G M Fosco
Emotion network density describes the degree of interdependence among emotion states across time. Higher density is theorized to reflect rigidity in emotion functioning and has been associated with depression in adult samples. This paper extended research on emotion networks to adolescents and examined associations between emotion network density and: 1) emotion regulation and 2) symptoms of depression. Data from a daily diary study (t = 21 days) of adolescents (N = 151; 61.59% female; mean age = 14...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Fulei Geng, Ya Zhou, Yingxin Liang, Xin Zheng, Yuanyuan Li, Xiaoyan Chen, Fang Fan
Although posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly comorbid with psychiatric disorders, little longitudinal research has been conducted to determine the potentially causal links. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and comorbidity patterns of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and psychiatric symptoms among adolescents exposed to the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China and to examine the bidirectional prospective associations between PTSD symptoms and other psychiatric symptoms. A sample of 1573 adolescent survivors (45...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
David A Schuberth, Yao Zheng, Dave S Pasalich, Robert J McMahon, Dimitra Kamboukos, Spring Dawson-McClure, Laurie Miller Brotman
Although prior research suggests that children show rapid change in socioemotional functioning and aggression throughout early childhood, little is known about how these factors may be associated with the development of callous-unemotional (CU) features. This study investigated the parallel development of, and reciprocal relationships between, emotion understanding (EU) and aggression across early childhood, as well as how they play a role in the development of CU features. Parallel latent growth curve modeling was used to examine longitudinal reciprocal relationships between EU and aggression in a sample of 498 primarily Black (i...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Dara E Babinski, Autumn Kujawa, Ellen M Kessel, Kodi B Arfer, Daniel N Klein
Many youth with ADHD experience peer difficulties, but the mechanisms underlying this dysfunction remain unknown. Very little work has examined neurophysiological measures of social feedback processing in relation to ADHD symptoms. The goal of this study was to examine associations of ADHD symptoms with indicators of sensitivity to social feedback in a laboratory task and self-report of rejection sensitivity. A large community sample of 10- to 15-year-old adolescents (N = 391; Mage  = 12.64, 48.6% girls) participated in the study...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Martina Franchini, T Hamodat, V L Armstrong, L-A R Sacrey, J Brian, S E Bryson, N Garon, W Roberts, L Zwaigenbaum, I M Smith
Initiation of joint attention is a critical developmental function related to further social communicative development in infancy. Joint attention appears to be impaired very early in life for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), well before a formal diagnosis is established. To observe the early development of joint attention, we prospectively followed infant siblings at high risk for ASD (HR) and low-risk (LR) infants. Initiations of joint attention behaviors were coded with respect to frequency, quality, and variety from videos taken during the administration of the Autism Observation Schedule for Infants...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Lisa D Wiggins, Eric Rubenstein, Julie Daniels, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, Laura A Schieve, Lin H Tian, Katherine Sabourin, Eric Moody, Jennifer Pinto-Martin, Nuri Reyes, Susan E Levy
This study explored whether ASD phenotypes in the child were associated with a history of anxiety or depression in the mother. We hypothesized that an ASD profile in children characterized by mild delays and increased rates of dysregulation would be associated with preexisting maternal anxiety or depression. Participants were 672 preschool children with ASD and their mothers. Children were classified as ASD after a comprehensive developmental evaluation. Mothers reported whether a healthcare provider ever diagnosed them with anxiety or depression before the birth of their child...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Gary W Ladd, Idean Ettekal, Becky Kochenderfer-Ladd
This investigation's aims were to assess normative trends in social anxiety and preference for solitude by gender from early childhood to late adolescence and examine the associations among the timing and duration of peer victimization and patterns of continuity or change in social anxiety and preference for solitude across this age period. A sample of 383 children (193 girls) was followed from kindergarten (Mage  = 5.50) through grade 12 (Mage  = 17.89), and measures of peer victimization, social anxiety, and preference for solitude were repeatedly administered across this epoch...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Rachel B Tenenbaum, Erica D Musser, Stephanie Morris, Anthony R Ward, Joseph S Raiker, Erika K Coles, William E Pelham
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with deficits in response inhibition, response execution, and emotion regulation. However, the nature of the associations among these deficits remains unclear. Thus, this study examines these associations using a multi-method design. One hundred sixty-six children (aged 5-13 years; 66.3% male; 75 with ADHD) completed two conditions (i.e., neutral and fear) of an emotional go/no-go task. Parasympathetic-based regulation was indexed via respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), and sympathetic-based reactivity was indexed via cardiac pre-ejection period (PEP)...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Jessica L Jenness, Adam Bryant Miller, Maya L Rosen, Katie A McLaughlin
Childhood abuse is a potent risk factor for psychopathology, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Research has shown high resting vagal tone, a measure of parasympathetic nervous system function, protects abused youth from developing internalizing psychopathology, but potential mechanisms explaining this effect are unknown. We explored fear extinction learning as a possible mechanism underlying the protective effect of vagal tone on PTSD symptoms among abused youth. We measured resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and skin conductance responses (SCR) during a fear conditioning and extinction task in youth with variability in abuse exposure (N = 94; aged 6-18 years)...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Brittany A Robinson, Cassandra L Hendrix, H Sloan Krakovsky, Alicia K Smith, Patricia A Brennan
The current study aimed to explore the relationship between maternal exposure to various types of trauma and child anxiety outcomes, and to investigate maternal depression and parenting quality as potential mediators of these relationships. Aims were examined within a sample of 185 mother-child dyads who participated in a longitudinal study assessing maternal trauma history, maternal depression, and parenting quality at preschool age (ages 2.5 to 5.5 years), and for whom maternal and secondary caregiver reports of child anxiety were obtained at school age (ages 6 to 11 years)...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Patrick Pössel, Caroline M Pittard
Integrations of cognitive models of depression, specifically, the hopelessness model (Abramson et al. Psychological Bulletin, 96, 358-372, 1989) and the response style theory (Nolen-Hoecksema et al. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101, 405-422, 1992) have been suggested but no previous study has compared the integrations of these models with each other and the original models. Further, previous studies only tested the associations between composite scores of inferences, from the hopelessness model, and rumination (incl...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
M van Lieshout, M Luman, L J S Schweren, J W R Twisk, S V Faraone, D J Heslenfeld, C A Hartman, P J Hoekstra, B Franke, J K Buitelaar, N N J Rommelse, J Oosterlaan
Longitudinal studies on the course of neurocognitive functioning of children with ADHD and their unaffected siblings are scarce. Also, it is unclear to what extent that course is related to ADHD outcomes. A carefully phenotyped large sample of 838 Caucasian participants (ADHD-combined type: n = 339, unaffected siblings: n = 271, controls: n = 228; mean age at baseline = 11.4 years, mean age at follow-up = 17.3 years, SD = 3.2) was used to investigate differences in the course of neurocognitive functioning of ADHD affected and unaffected siblings versus controls, and to investigate the relationship between neurocognitive change and ADHD outcomes...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Jessica M Keith, Jeremy P Jamieson, Loisa Bennetto
Anxiety and sensory symptoms are highly prevalent and meaningful in the daily lives of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Despite the importance of carefully measuring, researching, and treating these symptoms, current methods in ASD seldom include self-report. This study investigated the consistency of adolescent and parent reports of anxiety and auditory sensitivity in individuals with ASD, and examined their validity via comparisons with sympathetic arousal at baseline and in response to an auditory challenge...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Megan M Davis, Michelle E Miernicki, Eva H Telzer, Karen D Rudolph
Adolescence is a period of heightened emotional reactivity, which is reflected in greater activation in emotion-processing regions of the brain in adolescents relative to children and adults. While elevated emotional reactivity and poor emotion regulation are thought to contribute to the rise in rates of internalizing psychopathology, including anxiety, during adolescence, little research has examined factors predicting individual differences in the neural regulation of emotion that can explain why only some adolescents experience anxiety...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Kiana Wall, Yusra Ahmed, Carla Sharp
The aims of the current study were to: 1) identify patterns of agreement between parent-adolescent dyads on reports of adolescent borderline personality features utilizing latent class analysis (LCA) and 2) examine the clinical implications of class membership for indices of psychiatric severity and internal psychological resources. The sample included 643 adolescent inpatients. Borderline personality features were assessed by both adolescents and parents using the Borderline Personality Features Scale - Child (BPFS-C; Crick et al...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Caitlin Rancher, Ernest N Jouriles, David Rosenfield, Jeff R Temple, Renee McDonald
We examined whether the frequency of recent physical and sexual teen dating violence (TDV) victimization is positively associated with trauma symptom clusters (re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal), and whether these symptom clusters, in turn, are positively associated with the frequency of later TDV victimization. Participants were recruited primarily from truancy courts, and the sample consisted of 108 (47% female) 14-to-17-year-olds. Participants completed three assessments, spaced three months apart...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Michael T Morrow, Julie A Hubbard, Marissa K Sharp
In addition to children's own peer relations, contextual norms for peer relations in classrooms and schools can influence how they perceive their peer interactions, and in some cases, might do so in opposite ways. The current study examined the relations of preadolescents' internal attributions for negative peer experiences with their own peer victimization and reciprocal friendship, as well as their classrooms' norms for peer victimization and reciprocal friendship. A racially diverse sample of 532 boys and girls from 37 fourth- and fifth-grade classrooms completed self-report measures of two internal attributions (characterological and behavioral) and peer nominations for peer victimization and reciprocal friendship...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Stephanie L Haft, Priscilla H Duong, Tiffany C Ho, Robert L Hendren, Fumiko Hoeft
Children with specific learning disorders (SLDs) face a unique set of socio-emotional challenges as a result of their academic difficulties. Although a higher prevalence of anxiety in children with SLD is often reported, there is currently no research on cognitive mechanisms underlying this anxiety. One way to elucidate these mechanisms is to investigate attentional bias to threatening stimuli using a dot-probe paradigm. Our study compared children ages 9-16 with SLD (n = 48) to typically-developing (TD) controls (n = 33) on their attentional biases to stimuli related to general threats, reading, and stereotypes of SLD...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Nicoletta Adamo, John Hodsoll, Philip Asherson, Jan K Buitelaar, Jonna Kuntsi
Both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been linked to increased reaction time variability (RTV), a marker of attentional fluctuation. Here we test whether specificity to either trait emerges when we examine (1) detailed ex-Gaussian and frequency RTV subcomponents, (2) effects while controlling for the other trait and (3) improvement in the RTV measures following rewards or a faster event rate. 1110 children aged 7-10 years from a population-based sample completed a Go/No-Go task under three conditions (slow, fast and incentives)...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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