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Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215023/hpa-axis-activation-as-a-key-moderator-of-childhood-trauma-exposure-and-adolescent-mental-health
#1
Kate R Kuhlman, Elisa G Geiss, Ivan Vargas, Nestor Lopez-Duran
Individual differences in a child's sensitivity to stress may influence whether youth exposed to trauma develop symptoms of psychopathology. We examined the interaction between HPA-axis reactivity to an acute stressor and exposure to different types of childhood trauma as predictors of mental health symptoms in a sample of youth. Youth (n = 121, ages 9-16; 47% female) completed a standardized stress task, including 5 post-stress salivary cortisol samples. Parents also completed the Child Behavior Checklist as a measure of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms in the past month, and completed the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) as a measure of their child's trauma exposure...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215022/reciprocal-relations-between-the-trajectories-of-mothers-harsh-discipline-responsiveness-and-aggression-in-early-childhood
#2
Nazli Baydar, Berna Akcinar
Theoretical advances in the study of the development of aggressive behaviors indicate that parenting behaviors and child aggression mutually influence one another. This study contributes to the body of empirical research in this area by examining the development of child aggression, maternal responsiveness, and maternal harsh discipline, using 5-year longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of Turkish children (n = 1009; 469 girls and 582 boys). Results indicated that: (i) maternal responsiveness and harsh discipline at age 3 were associated with the subsequent linear trajectory of aggression; (ii) reciprocally, aggressive behaviors at age 3 were associated with the subsequent linear trajectories of these two types of parenting behaviors; (iii) deviations from the linear trajectories of the child and mother behaviors tended to be short lived; and, (iv) the deviations of child behaviors from the linear trajectories were associated with the subsequent changes in mother behaviors after age 5...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215021/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-processing-speed-and-internalizing-symptoms-the-moderating-effect-of-age
#3
Lisa A Jacobson, Megan Geist, E Mark Mahone
Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) has been defined by a constellation of caregiver-reported symptoms that includes daydreaming, difficulty initiating and sustaining effort, lethargy, and physical underactivity. These symptoms have been observed in both typically developing children and in some children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-especially those with the predominantly inattentive presentation. Symptoms of SCT (typically identified via rating scales) appear separable from DSM inattentive ADHD symptoms, but have also been associated with internalizing symptoms...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188560/maternal-incarceration-children-s-psychological-adjustment-and-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation
#4
Janice L Zeman, Danielle H Dallaire, Johanna B Folk, Todd M Thrash
Children who live in the context of maternal incarceration (MI) are exposed to both general environmental risk and incarceration-specific risk increasing the probability of their developing externalizing and internalizing behaviors problems. Little research has examined the socio-emotional mechanisms that account for the psychological effects of MI. This research examined children's anger and sadness regulation as mediators between environmental and incarceration-specific risk and psychological functioning...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181060/parents-and-children-s-adhd-in-a-family-system
#5
EDITORIAL
Kirby Deater-Deckard
ADHD symptoms "run in families". However, relatively little is known about the ways in which parents' symptoms might additively and interactively work with the parenting environment, to influence (and be influenced by) the developmental trajectory of symptoms in children and adolescents. In this commentary on the special section addressing this gap in knowledge, emphasis is placed on the importance of replicating and extending family-wide studies of ADHD symptoms and etiology. The current papers exemplify the leading-edge of such efforts, demonstrating the feasibility and rigor with which studies are being conducted, utilizing longitudinal and experimental designs...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181059/parental-adhd-relations-to-parenting-child-behavior-and-treatment-outcomes
#6
EDITORIAL
Charlotte Johnston, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168628/father-child-and-mother-child-interactions-with-children-with-anxiety-disorders-emotional-expressivity-and-flexibility-of-dyads
#7
Daniëlle Van der Giessen, Susan Maria Bögels
This observational study examined whether emotional expressivity and emotional flexibility differed between parent-child dyads with and without children with an anxiety disorder (AD). Effects of parents' own AD on emotional expressivity and flexibility of dyads was also studied. The sample consisted of 128 referred children (59.4% girls) with an AD (8-18-year-olds) and both of their parents, and 44 matched non-AD children (63.6% girls) and both of their parents. Father-child and mother-child dyads were videotaped while discussing a conflict...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144810/preventing-conduct-disorder-and-callous-unemotional-traits-preliminary-results-of-a-school-based-pilot-training-program
#8
Melina Nicole Kyranides, Kostas A Fanti, Evita Katsimicha, Giorgos Georgiou
This study investigated whether a school-based pilot prevention program is effective in reducing Conduct Disorder (CD) symptoms and callous unemotional (CU) traits (i.e., lack of empathy and guilt) in a community sample of children. A total of 304 children from three schools in Cyprus were randomly assigned at school level to either a prevention group that received a skill building training program (N = 94; M age  = 7.91, SD = .74; 52.1% female) or a control group that received no training (N = 210; M age  = 7...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138808/mother-child-interactions-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-preschoolers-over-time-inhibitory-control-as-a-mediator
#9
Rianne van Dijk, Maja Deković, Tessa L Bunte, Kim Schoemaker, Mariëlle Zondervan-Zwijnenburg, Kimberly A Espy, Walter Matthys
Previous research has shown links between parenting and externalizing behavior problems in young children over time. Associations between inhibitory control, one of the executive functions, and externalizing behavior problems are widely established as well. Yet, the role of inhibitory control in the maintenance and change of externalizing behavior problems over time remains unclear. We examined whether inhibitory control could explain the link between mother-child interactions measured on a moment-to-moment timescale and preschoolers' externalizing behavior problems as reported by teachers...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138807/neurophysiological-processing-of-emotion-in-children-of-mothers-with-a-history-of-depression-the-moderating-role-of-preschool-persistent-irritability
#10
Ellen M Kessel, Autumn Kujawa, Lea R Dougherty, Greg Hajcak, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
Research on emotion-processing biases in offspring of depressed parents has produced a variety of findings. Child persistent irritability may be a useful clinical feature that demarcates subgroups of offspring with distinct patterns of emotion processing. The present study examined whether early persistent irritability moderated the relationship between maternal lifetime history of a depressive disorder and appetitive- and aversive-emotion processing in 338 never-depressed pre-adolescent children (43.8% female)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138806/drd4-variants-moderate-the-impact-of-parental-characteristics-on-child-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-exploratory-evidence-from-a-multiplex-family-design
#11
Molly A Nikolas, Allison M Momany
Parental ADHD symptomatology and related impairments have been robustly associated with youth ADHD across decades of work. Notably, these factors may impede typical development of child self-regulation capabilities through both neurobiological and interpersonal processes. High heritability of estimates for the disorder further suggest that these effects are likely genetically-mediated, at least in part. Variation within the dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) has been shown to moderate parental influences on youth ADHD...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133705/selective-visual-attention-towards-oneself-and-associated-state-body-satisfaction-an-eye-tracking-study-in-adolescents-with-different-types-of-eating-disorders
#12
Anika Bauer, Silvia Schneider, Manuel Waldorf, Karsten Braks, Thomas J Huber, Dirk Adolph, Silja Vocks
The development of eating disorders is associated with a body-related attentional bias. Although eating disorders are especially prevalent in adolescence, so far, no study has analyzed gaze patterns and state body image in response to viewing one's own body in youth. To fill this gap, the present study aimed to examine a body-related attentional bias and state body satisfaction in adolescents with various forms of eating disorders. Girls with anorexia nervosa, restrictive type (AN-R; n = 30), anorexia nervosa, binge eating/purging type (AN-BP; n = 26), bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 22), clinical controls with anxiety disorders (n = 20) and healthy controls (n = 43) looked at photographs of their own and a peer's body, while their spontaneous eye movements were recorded...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130704/does-preschool-self-regulation-predict-later-behavior-problems-in-general-or-specific-problem-behaviors
#13
Christopher J Lonigan, Jamie A Spiegel, J Marc Goodrich, Brittany M Morris, Colleen M Osborne, Matthew D Lerner, Beth M Phillips
Findings from prior research have consistently indicated significant associations between self-regulation and externalizing behaviors. Significant associations have also been reported between children's language skills and both externalizing behaviors and self-regulation. Few studies to date, however, have examined these relations longitudinally, simultaneously, or with respect to unique clusters of externalizing problems. The current study examined the influence of preschool self-regulation on general and specific externalizing behavior problems in early elementary school and whether these relations were independent of associations between language, self-regulation, and externalizing behaviors in a sample of 815 children (44% female)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124224/a-follow-up-study-from-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial-for-traumatized-children-receiving-tf-cbt
#14
Tine K Jensen, Tonje Holt, Silje M Ormhaug
Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is the treatment of choice for traumatized youth, however, follow-up studies are scarce, and treatment effects for co-occurring depression show mixed findings. The aims of this study were to examine whether treatment effects of TF-CBT are maintained at 18 month follow-up and whether degree of co-occurring depression influences treatment effects. As rapid improvement in psychological functioning is warranted for youth, we also investigated whether the symptom trajectory was different for TF-CBT compared to therapy as usual (TAU)...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120251/shyness-trajectories-across-the-first-four-decades-predict-mental-health-outcomes
#15
Alva Tang, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Ayelet Lahat, Eric Duku, Michael H Boyle, Saroj Saigal, Louis A Schmidt
Although childhood shyness is presumed to predict mental health problems in adulthood, no prospective studies have examined these outcomes beyond emerging adulthood. As well, existing studies have been limited by retrospective and cross-sectional designs and/or have examined shyness as a dichotomous construct. The present prospective longitudinal study (N = 160; 55 males, 105 females) examined shyness trajectories from childhood to the fourth decade of life and mental health outcomes. Shyness was assessed using parent- and self-rated measures from childhood to adulthood, once every decade at ages 8, 12-16, 22-26, and 30-35...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120250/substance-use-disorders-in-adolescence-exist-along-continua-taxometric-evidence-in-an-epidemiological-sample
#16
Richard T Liu
A longstanding nosological question in the clinical literature is whether substance use disorders (SUDs) are best conceptualized as categorical or dimensional phenomena. Taxometric analysis is a statistical approach uniquely developed to address this issue. To date, no taxometric studies have been conducted with SUDs in adolescents. The current taxometric study investigated the latent structure of SUDs in adolescents for four different substances: marijuana, analgesics, hallucinogens, and inhalants. Interview-derived data for DSM-IV SUD symptoms were drawn from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, pooled across the years 2004 to 2013 (unweighted n = 181,573; 48...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101842/violence-exposure-subtypes-differentially-mediate-the-relation-between-callous-unemotional-traits-and-adolescent-delinquency
#17
Carla Oberth, Yao Zheng, Robert J McMahon
Research with children and adolescents has established a link between callous-unemotional (CU) traits and delinquency, as well as a link between violence exposure (witnessing and direct victimization) and diverse negative and antisocial outcomes. Little attention has been paid to investigating the association among CU traits, violence exposure, and various forms of delinquency. Using a sample of 753 adolescents (male =58%; African American =46%), the current study aimed to elucidate the mediating role of violence exposure (measured in grades 7, 8, 10, 11) on the relationship between CU traits measured in grade 7 and later delinquency (i...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093658/distinguishing-pathways-from-negative-emotions-to-suicide-ideation-and-to-suicide-attempt-the-differential-mediating-effects-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#18
Xu Zhang, Yaxuan Ren, Jianing You, Chao Huang, Yongqiang Jiang, Min-Pei Lin, Freedom Leung
Negative emotion (NE) is one of the most widely examined risk factors for suicide ideation (SI) and suicide attempt (SA). However, little is known about the possibly different mechanisms underlying the pathways from NE to these two different suicide phenomena. Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is related to both negative emotions and suicidality. Thus, the present study aimed to test the differential roles of NSSI in the pathways from NE (specified by depression, anxiety, and stress) to SI and from NE to SA. This study hypothesized that NSSI served as a mediator in the relationship from NE to SA, but not in the relationship from NE to SI...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070756/deviant-peer-affiliation-as-an-explanatory-mechanism-in-the-association-between-corporal-punishment-and-physical-aggression-a-longitudinal-study-among-chinese-adolescents
#19
Jianjun Zhu, Chengfu Yu, Zhenzhou Bao, Yanping Jiang, Wei Zhang, Yuanyuan Chen, Boyu Qiu, Jianjun Zhang
Previous research has focused primarily on corporal punishment as a cause and adolescents' physical aggression as an outcome. However, there is a large gap in knowledge of the potentially bidirectional association and explanatory mechanism underlying the association between corporal punishment and physical aggression. The current study, using a longitudinal design across three time points (the fall semester of 7th grade, the fall of 8th grade, and the fall of 9th grade), aimed to a) examine the reciprocal processes between corporal punishment and physical aggression, and b) explore whether deviant peer affiliation may explain such reciprocal connections...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070755/social-adversity-and-antisocial-behavior-mediating-effects-of-autonomic-nervous-system-activity
#20
Shawn E Fagan, Wei Zhang, Yu Gao
The display of antisocial behaviors in children and adolescents has been of interest to criminologists and developmental psychologists for years. Exposure to social adversity is a well-documented predictor of antisocial behavior. Additionally, measures of autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity, including heart rate variability (HRV), pre-ejection period (PEP), and heart rate, have been associated with antisocial behaviors including rule-breaking and aggression. Social neuroscience research has begun to investigate how neurobiological underpinnings affect the relationship between social adversity and antisocial/psychopathic behavior in children and adolescents...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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