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American Journal of Community Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883219/drugs-sex-and-condoms-identification-and-interpretation-of-race-specific-cultural-messages-influencing-black-gay-and-bisexual-young-men-living-with-hiv
#1
Gary W Harper, April Timmons Tyler, Douglas Bruce, Louis Graham, Ryan M Wade
Black gay and bisexual young men carry a disproportionate burden of HIV in the United States. This study explored Black gay and bisexual young men living with HIV's identification and interpretation of race-specific cultural messages regarding substance use, sexual activity, and condom use. A total of 36 Black gay and bisexual young men living with HIV (ages 16-24, mean = 20.6 years) from four geographically diverse regions of the United States participated in qualitative in-depth interviews. Results from this study elucidate the ways in which these young men interpret various forms of race-specific cultural messages and experiences regarding substance use, sexual activity, and condom use...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883198/reflections-on-a-community-psychology-setting-and-the-future-of-the-field
#2
Joy S Kaufman, Christian M Connell, Cindy A Crusto, Derrick M Gordon, Carolyn E Sartor, Patricia Simon, Michael J Strambler, Tami P Sullivan, Nadia L Ward, Nicole Holland Weiss, Jacob Kraemer Tebes
The 50th anniversary of the Swampscott Conference offers an opportunity to reflect on a community psychology setting, The Consultation Center at Yale, that was formed in response to the 1963 Community Mental Health Act and the 1965 Swampscott Conference. The Center has flourished as a community psychology setting for practice, research, and training for 39 of the 50 years since Swampscott. Its creation and existence over this period offers an opportunity for reflection on the types of settings needed to sustain the field into the future...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883197/cultivating-community-psychology-for-future-generations-symbiosis-synergy-and-separation
#3
Bret Kloos
As we near the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of a community psychology division of the American Psychological Association, there are reasons to be concerned about the sustainability of the field. This commentary proposes a need for deliberate, systematic efforts to cultivate settings that can sustain the field. A framework for outreach to build symbiotic relationships and synergistic collaborations with persons who do not identify as community psychologists is proposed. Simultaneously, a strategy of separation from other disciplines may be needed in some circumstances to conserve settings that sustain the field...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879003/risk-and-protective-processes-predicting-rural-african-american-young-men-s-substance-abuse
#4
Junhan Cho, Steven M Kogan
Informed by a life course perspective, this study tested a cascade model linking harsh, unresponsive parenting during childhood to young African American men's substance abuse via precocious transitions, economic instability, and future orientation. The moderating influence of community disadvantage and romantic partner support on the hypothesized pathways was also examined. At the baseline, the sample included 505 African American men between ages 19 and 22 years from high-poverty rural communities. Follow-up data were collected 18 months after baseline...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862005/predicting-homelessness-among-emerging-adults-aging-out-of-foster-care
#5
Melissa Ford Shah, Qinghua Liu, J Mark Eddy, Susan Barkan, David Marshall, David Mancuso, Barbara Lucenko, Alice Huber
This study examines risk and protective factors associated with experiencing homelessness in the year after "aging out" of foster care. Using a state-level integrated administrative database, we identified 1,202 emerging adults in Washington State who exited foster care between July 2010 and June 2012. Initial bivariate analyses were conducted to assess the association between candidate predictive factors and an indicator of homelessness in a 12-month follow-up period. After deploying a stepwise regression process, the final logistic regression model included 15 predictive factors...
November 10, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861993/the-effects-of-assisted-housing-on-child-well-being
#6
Sandra Newman, C Scott Holupka
The most rigorous research on the causal effects of assisted housing on children's outcomes finds no such effects. The present study uses rich longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, augmented with Census, American Community Survey and U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development administrative data, to unpack these nil effects. Analyses include 194 children ( X¯ age = 6.2 years) living in assisted housing in 1995 or later who were 13-17 years old in 2002 or 2007, and an unassisted comparison group of 215 children who were income-eligible for, but never received, housing assistance...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859407/empowerment-praxis-community-organizing-to-redress-systemic-health-disparities
#7
Jason A Douglas, Cheryl T Grills, Sandra Villanueva, Andrew M Subica
Social and environmental determinants of childhood obesity present a public health dilemma, particularly in low-income communities of color. Case studies of two community-based organizations participating in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Communities Creating Healthy Environments (CCHE) childhood obesity initiative demonstrate multilevel, culturally situated community organizing strategies to address the root causes of this public health disparity. Informed by a 3-lens prescription-Social Justice, Culture-Place, and Organizational Capacity-contained in the CCHE Change Model and Evaluation Frame, we present examples of individual, organizational, and community empowerment to redress systemic inequities that manifest in poor health outcomes for people of color...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808420/contextualizing-the-psychosocial-well-being-of-military-members-and-their-partners-the-importance-of-community-and-relationship-provisions
#8
Catherine Walker O'Neal, Jay A Mancini, Alycia DeGraff
Evidence of the impact of communities has been documented for a variety of individual and relational outcomes, including mental and physical health as well as the quality of romantic and parent-child relationships. The military represents a rather unique work context; in that, it is generally considered a lifestyle with a distinct culture and community. Yet, military families are also members of their broader, comprehensive community. Drawing from the social organizational theory of action and change (SOC) (Mancini & Bowen, 2013), and relationship provisions theory (Weiss, 1969) and utilizing a sample of 266 active duty military families, this study examined connectedness with the military community and the broader, comprehensive community...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808408/the-california-linkages-program-doorway-to-housing-support-for-child-welfare-involved-parents
#9
Amy D'Andrade, James David Simon, Danna Fabella, Lolita Castillo, Cesar Mejia, David Shuster
Housing instability can complicate parents' efforts to provide for their children. Child welfare service agencies have had difficulty adequately serving parents' housing needs due to limited and constrained funding streams. This article integrates the voices of four important stakeholders to illuminate how an innovative model of service system coordination called Linkages addresses housing needs for child welfare-involved parents eligible for public assistance. Facilitated by Linkages, these parents can receive supportive housing services through programs affiliated with the California public assistance program CalWORKs...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774617/rural-young-adults-lay-theories-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-qualitative-examination
#10
Katie M Edwards, Victoria L Banyard, Elizabeth A Moschella, Katherine M Seavey
This study qualitatively examined rural emerging adults' ways of thinking (i.e., lay theories) about the causes of intimate partner violence (IPV) and ideas on how to prevent IPV most effectively. Participants were 74 individuals (majority Caucasian, heterosexual, low income) between the ages of 18 and 24 who resided in one of 16 rural communities. Participants' perceptions of the causes of IPV included (a) individual-level pathology, stress, and lack of education; (b) intergenerational transmission of violence and early-life factors; (c) relationship stressors and challenges; and (d) community factors...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753117/the-view-from-inside-the-system-how-police-explain-their-response-to-sexual-assault
#11
Jessica Shaw, Rebecca Campbell, Debi Cain
Prior research has documented the problematic community response to sexual assault: the majority of sexual assaults reported to police are never prosecuted. Social dominance theory suggests that this response is a form of institutional discrimination, intended to maintain existing social structures, and that police personnel likely draw upon shared ideologies to justify their decision-making in sexual assault case investigations. This study drew upon social dominance theory to examine how police justified their investigatory decisions to identify potential leverage points for change...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726153/a-vision-for-the-future-of-community-psychology-education-and-training
#12
Tiffeny R Jimenez, Bernadette Sánchez, Susan D McMahon, Judah Viola
As we reflect on the founding vision of the field of community psychology in the United States, we assess our progress toward achieving, building upon, and refining this vision. We review early literature regarding the US vision of the field, provide a historical overview of education and training within the field, and provide recommendations to guide and strengthen our approach to education. Our recommendations include the following: (a) serve as a resource to communities, (b) promote a sense of community within our field, (c) diversify students, faculty, and leadership, (d) evaluate our efforts, (e) be current and relevant, (f) enhance the visibility and growth of our field, and (g) create globally minded and innovative CPists...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709632/psychological-empowerment-among-urban-youth-measurement-model-and-associations-with-youth-outcomes
#13
Andria B Eisman, Marc A Zimmerman, Daniel Kruger, Thomas M Reischl, Alison L Miller, Susan P Franzen, Susan Morrel-Samuels
Empowerment-based strategies have become widely used method to address health inequities and promote social change. Few researchers, however, have tested theoretical models of empowerment, including multidimensional, higher-order models. We test empirically a multidimensional, higher-order model of psychological empowerment (PE), guided by Zimmerman's conceptual framework including three components of PE: intrapersonal, interactional, and behavioral. We also investigate if PE is associated with positive and negative outcomes among youth...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704561/why-does-disaster-recovery-work-influence-mental-health-pathways-through-physical-health-and-household-income
#14
Sarah R Lowe, Richard K Kwok, Julianne Payne, Lawrence S Engel, Sandro Galea, Dale P Sandler
Disaster recovery work increases risk for mental health problems, yet the mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. We explored links from recovery work to post-traumatic stress (PTS), major depression (MD), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) symptoms through physical health symptoms and household income in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. As part of the NIEHS GuLF STUDY, participants (N = 10,141) reported on cleanup work activities, spill-related physical health symptoms, and household income at baseline, and mental health symptoms an average of 14...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686887/enhancing-social-responsibility-and-prosocial-leadership-to-prevent-aggression-peer-victimization-and-emotional-problems-in-elementary-school-children
#15
Bonnie J Leadbeater, Kara Thompson, Paweena Sukhawathanakul
Testing the theories that form the basis of prevention programs can enhance our understanding of behavioral change and inform the development, coordination, and adaptation of prevention programs. However, theories of change showing the linkages from intervention program components to risk or protective factors to desired outcomes across time are rarely specified or tested. In this 2-year longitudinal study, we test the theory that increases in two protective factors (i.e., children's prosocial leadership and their teachers' expectations of social responsibility) targeted by the WITS Programs (Walk Away, Ignore, Talk it Out, and Seek Help) would be associated with declines in peer victimization, aggression, and emotional problems...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640986/leading-the-way-on-diversity-community-psychology-s-evolution-from-invisible-to-individual-to-contextual
#16
Meg A Bond
To take up the AJCP editor's call to think forward in this article, I offer up three challenges that revolve around further contextualizing our understandings of diversity, i.e., reconsidering the notion of "difference" between discrete categories; more fully emphasizing diversity as socially situated; and further delving into local, setting-specific practices that shape the meanings of diversity. Enhanced attention to these three challenges can transform theory, research, and action about diversity as we move into community psychology's next 50 years...
September 19, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628590/distribution-and-neighborhood-correlates-of-sober-living-house-locations-in-los-angeles
#17
Amy A Mericle, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Shalika Gupta, David M Sheridan, Doug L Polcin
Sober living houses (SLHs) are alcohol and drug-free living environments for individuals in recovery. The goal of this study was to map the distribution of SLHs in Los Angeles (LA) County, California (N = 260) and examine neighborhood correlates of SLH density. Locations of SLHs were geocoded and linked to tract-level Census data as well as to publicly available information on alcohol outlets and recovery resources. Neighborhoods with SLHs differed from neighborhoods without them on measures of socioeconomic disadvantage and accessibility of recovery resources...
September 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624514/sustained-implementation-of-evidence-based-programs-in-disadvantaged-communities-a-conceptual-framework-of-supporting-factors
#18
REVIEW
Lauren M Hodge, Karen M T Turner
This paper presents a review of the empirical literature for studies evaluating factors that facilitate and create barriers to sustained program implementation in disadvantaged communities. It outlines study methodology and sustainment outcomes and proposes a conceptual model that involves implementation sustainment support for providers delivering evidence-based health and family services in disadvantaged communities. Sustained program implementation in the community setting is a significant issue as only 43% of studies reported successfully sustained programs...
September 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616665/media-use-and-exposure-to-graphic-content-in-the-week-following-the-boston-marathon-bombings
#19
Nickolas M Jones, Dana Rose Garfin, E Alison Holman, Roxane Cohen Silver
Traditional and new media inform and expose the public to potentially distressing graphic content following disasters, but predictors of media use have received limited attention. We examine media-use patterns after the Boston Marathon bombings (BMB) in a representative national U.S. sample (n = 2888), with representative oversamples from metropolitan Boston (n = 845) and New York City (n = 941). Respondents completed an Internet-based survey 2-4 weeks post-BMB. Use of traditional media was correlated with older age, prior indirect media-based exposure to collective traumas, and direct BMB exposure...
September 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612324/the-power-of-place-social-network-characteristics-perceived-neighborhood-features-and-psychological-distress-among-african-americans-in-the-historic-hill-district-in-pittsburgh-pennsylvania
#20
Karen R Flórez, Madhumita Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Kayla de la Haye, Obidiugwu Kenrik Duru, Ana F Abraído-Lanza, Tamara Dubowitz
African American neighborhoods have been historically targeted for urban renewal projects, which impact social composition and resident's health. The Hill District in Pittsburgh, PA is such a neighborhood. This research sought to investigate the extent to which social networks and perceived neighborhood social cohesion and safety were associated with psychological distress among residents in an African American neighborhood undergoing urban renewal, before the implementation of major neighborhood changes. Findings revealed a modest, significant inverse association between social network size and psychological distress (β = -0...
September 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
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