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American Journal of Community Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295399/interdependent-diversities-reflections-on-the-community-diversity-dialectic
#1
Greg Townley
This commentary reflects on the Community-Diversity Dialectic, summarizing its development and reviewing its impact on community psychology research and practice. Two contemporary examples are presented to illustrate both the possibilities of and challenges to bridging the gap between sense of community and diversity: the rise of the so-called "alt-right" on the one hand, and the popularity of Pokémon Go on the other. The article concludes with a brief discussion of Kurt Lewin's contributions to group dynamics theory, recommending that an emphasis on our interdependent fates and goals is paramount to reconciling the tensions between sense of community and diversity that persist in an increasingly complex multicultural world...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295354/describing-trajectories-of-homeless-service-use-in-hawai-i-using-latent-class-growth-analysis
#2
Kristen Gleason, John P Barile, Charlene K Baker
The State of Hawai'i, like many other areas across the United States, has large numbers of individuals and families experiencing homelessness, many of whom seek support through statewide shelters and services. This study explored the diversity of ways in which individuals and families moved through Hawai'i's homeless service system. Using administrative data, a cohort of new service users was tracked across time to trace the developmental trajectories of their homeless service use. The sample consisted of adults who had entered the service system for the first time in the fiscal year (FY) of 2010 (N = 4655)...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294338/diversity-and-community-the-role-of-agent-based-modeling
#3
Alex Stivala
Community psychology involves several dialectics between potentially opposing ideals, such as theory and practice, rights and needs, and respect for human diversity and sense of community. Some recent papers in the American Journal of Community Psychology have examined the diversity-community dialectic, some with the aid of agent-based modeling and concepts from network science. This paper further elucidates these concepts and suggests that research in community psychology can benefit from a useful dialectic between agent-based modeling and the real-world concerns of community psychology...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262981/-it-happens-to-girls-all-the-time-examining-sexual-assault-survivors-reasons-for-not-using-campus-supports
#4
Kathryn J Holland, Lilia M Cortina
Sexual assault is a prevalent problem in higher education, and despite the increasing availability of formal supports on college campuses, few sexual assault survivors use them. Experiencing sexual assault can have devastating consequences on survivors' psychological and educational wellbeing, which may intensify if survivors do not receive adequate care. Drawing from existing theoretical frameworks and empirical research, this study used a mixed methodological approach to examine why survivors did not use three key campus supports-the Title IX Office, the sexual assault center, and housing staff-and if these reasons differed across the three supports...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262980/interfaith-groups-as-mediating-structures-for-political-action-a-multilevel-analysis
#5
Nathan R Todd, Brett A Boeh, Jaclyn D Houston-Kolnik, Rachael L Suffrin
This study investigates interfaith groups from across the United States to understand how these religious settings may serve as mediating structures to facilitate individual political action. Based on a multilevel modeling analysis with 169 individuals from 25 interfaith groups, we found that core activities of the group, such as group members sharing community information (e.g., announcing upcoming events, political meetings, community issues) or sharing religious information (e.g., educating members about their religion) positively and negatively predicted individual political action as a result of group participation, respectively...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262976/deciding-where-to-turn-a-qualitative-investigation-of-college-students-helpseeking-decisions-after-sexual-assault
#6
Heidi L M DeLoveh, Lauren Bennett Cattaneo
Sexual assault is a widespread problem on college campuses that has been the subject of substantial attention in recent years (Ali, 2011; Krebs, Lindquist, Berzofsky, Shook-Sa, & Peterson, 2016). Resources designed to address the problem exist, but there is evidence that they are underutilized by survivors (Campbell, 2008). The current study used grounded theory to explore how sexual assault survivors make decisions about helpseeking. In-depth interviews were conducted with 14 college sexual assault survivors to develop a theoretical model for their decision-making process...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262974/when-research-unravels-one-community-psychologist-s-tale-of-becoming-a-nepantlera
#7
Janelle M Silva
This is an autoethnography of one community psychologist's reflections on the abrupt conclusion of a project that resulted in the dismantlement of a Latinx Student Union at a public middle school in the Pacific Northwest. Gloria Anzaldúa's (Borderlands/La Frontera: The new mestiza, Aunt Lute Books, San Francisco, 2002) notion of nepantla is used to situate how an individual's personal identities often intersects with their professional identities in ways that collide within the research environment. Drawing on the "heart work" core competencies within the field of community psychology (The Community Psychologist, 45, 2012, 8; American Journal of Community Psychology, 55, 2015, 266) and extending the dialogue of feminist community psychologists engaged in narrative work (American Journal of Community Psychology, 37, 2006, 157; American Journal of Community Psychology, 37, 2006, 267; Feminist research practice: A primer, Sage, Los Angeles, 2014; American Journal of Community Psychology, 28, 2000, 883), the author addresses why it is important for researchers of Color engaged in community collaborations to reflect on projects that have unraveled to understand how their positionality shifts within social contexts...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262961/childhood-adversity-and-the-continued-exposure-to-trauma-and-violence-among-adolescent-gang-members
#8
Katherine Quinn, Maria L Pacella, Julia Dickson-Gomez, Liesl A Nydegger
This study investigates interfaith groups from across the United States to understand how these religious settings may serve as mediating structures to facilitate individual political action. Based on a multilevel modeling analysis with 169 individuals from 25 interfaith groups, we found that core activities of the group, such as group members sharing community information (e.g., announcing upcoming events, political meetings, community issues) or sharing religious information (e.g., educating members about their religion) positively and negatively predicted individual political action as a result of group participation, respectively...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262956/predictors-of-early-community-involvement-advancing-the-self-and-caring-for-others
#9
Heather L Lawford, Heather L Ramey
Recent research on community involvement points to the importance of both agentic (advancing the self) and communal motives (serving others) as key predictors, though few studies have examined both simultaneously. At the same time, research has identified generativity, defined as concern for future generations as a legacy of the self, as particularly relevant for community involvement. Moreover, generativity involves both agentic and communal motives, meaning that advancing personal goals and caring for others are integrated in this construct...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224641/trends-in-volunteer-mentoring-in-the-united-states-analysis-of-a-decade-of-census-survey-data
#10
Elizabeth B Raposa, Nathan Dietz, Jean E Rhodes
Over the past decade, considerable resources have been devoted to recruiting volunteer mentors and expanding mentoring programs. It is unclear whether these efforts have helped to counter the broader national trends of declining volunteer rates. The current study uses data from the Volunteering Supplement of the Current Population Survey (CPS), sponsored by the U.S. Census Bureau and U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, to explore population-level trends in mentoring over the past decade. Results suggest that mentoring rates have remained relatively stable over the past decade, but that the population of mentors has changed somewhat in terms of age, ethnicity, educational background, and region of the United States...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191650/theorizing-critical-placemaking-as-a-tool-for-reclaiming-public-space
#11
Erin E Toolis
As economic inequality and segregation continue to grow in the U.S., psychology has an important role to play in exploring and promoting processes that can disrupt social injustice. This paper identifies the privatization of public space as a social problem that contributes to the entrenchment of social, economic, and racial inequality, and advances "critical placemaking" as a tool for reclaiming public space for public use. Drawing from key concepts in environmental psychology, narrative psychology, and community psychology, the proposed framework seeks to theorize the processes by which placemaking may contribute to transforming community narratives and building more inclusive, participatory, and democratic communities...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188650/mentoring-as-a-mediator-or-moderator-of-the-association-between-racial-discrimination-and-coping-efficacy-in-urban-low-income-latina-o-youth
#12
Bernadette Sánchez, Alison L Mroczkowski, Lynn C Liao, Adina C Cooper, Claudio Rivera, David L DuBois
The aim of this study was to examine the associations among mentoring relationship quality (i.e., relational and instrumental quality), racial discrimination and coping efficacy with racial discrimination. Three social support models were tested, including the stress buffering, support mobilization, and support deterioration models. Participants were 257 urban, low-income Latina/o high school students, who completed surveys in both 9th and 10th grades. While controlling for gender and coping efficacy with discrimination in 9th grade, results supported the social support deterioration model...
February 11, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144951/do-community-characteristics-relate-to-young-adult-college-students-credit-card-debt-the-hypothesized-role-of-collective-institutional-efficacy
#13
Terri Friedline, Stacia West, Nehemiah Rosell, Joyce Serido, Soyeon Shim
This study examines the extent of emergent, outstanding credit card debt among young adult college students and investigates whether any associations existed between this credit card debt and the characteristics of the communities in which these students grew up or lived. Using data (N = 748) from a longitudinal survey and merging community characteristics measured at the zip code level, we confirmed that a community's unemployment rate, average total debt, average credit score, and number of bank branch offices were associated with a young adult college student's acquisition and accumulation of credit card debt...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134440/what-happens-after-the-demonstration-phase-the-sustainability-of-canada-s-at-home-chez-soi-housing-first-programs-for-homeless-persons-with-mental-illness
#14
Geoffrey Nelson, Rachel Caplan, Timothy MacLeod, Eric Macnaughton, Rebecca Cherner, Tim Aubry, Christian Méthot, Eric Latimer, Myra Piat, Erin Plenert, Scott McCullough, Sarah Zell, Michelle Patterson, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Paula Goering
This research examined the sustainability of Canada's At Home/Chez Soi Housing First (HF) programs for homeless persons with mental illness 2 years after the end of the demonstration phase of a large (more than 2000 participants enrolled), five-site, randomized controlled trial. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 142 participants (key informants, HF staff, and persons with lived experience) to understand sustainability outcomes and factors that influenced those outcomes. Also, a self-report HF fidelity measure was completed for nine HF programs that continued after the demonstration project...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127777/the-pathways-between-socioeconomic-status-and-adolescent-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Bethany Devenish, Merrilyn Hooley, David Mellor
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a significant risk factor for negative adolescent development outcomes. Identifying the pathways between SES and these outcomes may inform interventions for adolescents from this demographic. We conducted a systematic literature review of eight databases for studies investigating pathways between SES and adolescent psychosocial outcomes. A total of 59 articles met inclusion criteria. Significant risk factors identified include economic stress, chaos in the home, and violence in the community...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012168/can-housing-and-service-interventions-reduce-family-separations-for-families-who-experience-homelessness
#16
Marybeth Shinn, Scott R Brown, Daniel Gubits
Family break-up is common in families experiencing homelessness. This paper examines the extent of separations of children from parents and of partners from each other and whether housing and service interventions reduced separations and their precursors among 1857 families across 12 sites who participated in the Family Options Study. Families in shelters were randomized to offers of one of three interventions: permanent housing subsidies that reduce expenditures for rent to 30% of families' income, temporary rapid re-housing subsidies with some services directed at housing and employment, and transitional housing in supervised facilities with extensive psychosocial services...
December 24, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996094/living-conditions-and-psychological-distress-in-latino-migrant-day-laborers-the-role-of-cultural-and-community-protective-factors
#17
Kurt C Organista, Samantha Ngo, Torsten B Neilands, Alex H Kral
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between typically difficult living conditions and psychological distress in Latino migrant day laborers (LMDLs), with attention to the potentially protective roles of contact with family in country of origin (i.e., communication, sending money, etc.), availability of local culture (i.e., food, music, people from one's country of origin), and utilization of community resources perceived to be culturally competent (i.e., services that are respectful, able to serve Latinos, able to solve problems, in Spanish, etc...
December 20, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996091/finding-home-a-qualitative-approach-to-understanding-adolescent-mothers-housing-instability
#18
Margaret C Elliott, Elizabeth A Shuey, Natalya Zaika, Lauren Mims, Tama Leventhal
Many low-income Latina adolescent mothers face instability in their housing circumstances, which has implications for their long-term prospects and that of their children. This study used longitudinal, ethnographic data from Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three City Study to explore experiences of low-income, Latina adolescent mothers (N = 15) with unstable housing who primarily rely on their families or the families of their significant others for housing support. Results of analysis employing grounded theory and narrative approaches suggested two types of instability: "Horizontal moves" between family homes and "vertical moves" between family homes and independent living...
December 20, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982470/action-civics-for-promoting-civic-development-main-effects-of-program-participation-and-differences-by-project-characteristics
#19
Parissa J Ballard, Alison K Cohen, Joshua Littenberg-Tobias
Using both quantitative and qualitative data, this study examined the effect of participating in an action civics intervention, Generation Citizen (GC), on civic commitment, civic self-efficacy, and two forms of civic knowledge. The sample consisted of 617 middle and high schools students in 55 classrooms who participated, or were soon to participate, in Generation Citizen. Hierarchical linear models revealed that participating in Generation Citizen was associated with positive gains in action civics knowledge and civic self-efficacy...
December 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982469/reflections-on-the-future-of-community-psychology-from-the-generations-after-swampscott-a-commentary-and-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#20
Jacob Kraemer Tebes
This special issue commemorates the 50th anniversary of the founding of U.S. community psychology in Swampscott, Massachusetts in 1965. The issue includes commentaries from a cross-section of community psychologists educated in community psychology training programs established after Swampscott, in the 1970s or later. The contributors, who vary in their involvement in community-engaged research, training, and practice, offer a diverse set of perspectives on the field. Each was asked to reflect on the future of community psychology based on their own training and experiences...
December 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
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