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Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

Xiao Sun, Xiao-Bin Zhuo, Yi-Ping Hu, Xuan Zheng, Qing-Jie Zhao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the most common lethal cancers of the digestive system with poor prognosis rates and ineffective therapeutic options. Matrine, a traditional Chinese medicine found in the roots of sophora species, has been used in the clinical treatment of liver fibrosis, chronic hepatitis B and other diseases. We have synthesized a matrine derivatives named WM622 (C26H35ON3S2) with a significant inhibitory effect on transplanted tumors in vivo. The half inhibitory concentration (IC50) of WM622 is 34 µM, which is much lower than matrine...
March 12, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Rohini Karunakaran, P S Srikumar
The crystallins are a family of monomeric proteins present in the mammalian lens and mutations in these proteins cause various forms of cataracts. The aim of our current study is to emphasize the structural characterization of aggregation propensity of mutation R58H on γD crystallin using molecular dynamics (MD) approach. MD result revealed that difference in the sequence level display a wide variation in the backbone atomic position, and thus exhibits rigid conformational dynamics. Changes in the flexibility of residues favoured to increase the number of intra-molecular hydrogen bonds in mutant R58H...
March 12, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Wenying Zhang, Qiongwei Wu, Chao Wang, Longtao Yang, Ping Liu, Chengbin Ma
Upregulation of A-kinase-interacting protein 1 (AKIP1) has been observed in breast and esophageal cancers, indicating that AKIP1 may be a potent oncogenic protein. However, the role of AKIP1 in cervical cancer still remains unknown. This study aimed to explore the role of AKIP1 in cervical cancer and to investigate the underlying mechanism of AKIP1 in tumor growth. Expression of AKIP1 in cervical cancer cells was determined by qRT-PCR and western blotting. Cell-Light EdU and colony formation assays were used to determine cell proliferation...
March 8, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Zhonglin Xiao, Songjun Li, Yan Yu, Mengxia Li, Jie Chen, Feng Wang, Jian Zhang, Weifen Deng, Qing Yang, Xiujun Fan
Studies have shown that sFlt-1 overproduction stimulated by excess VEGF of deciduous origin in trophoblasts can cause preeclampsia. However, the mechanism underlying how VEGF regulates sFtl-1 expression in trophoblasts remains unknown. To address this issue, JEG3 and HTR-8/SV neo (HTR8) trophoblast cell lines were used to investigate the signaling pathways involved in the regulation of sFlt-1 production via VEGF overexpression in vitro. JEG3 (VEGF-GFP-JEG3, V-J) and HTR8 (VEGF-GFP-HTR8, V-H) cells overexpressing VEGF165 were established by infecting the JEG3 and HTR8 cell lines with lentivirus expressing VEGF165...
March 1, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Hongyi Liu, Yu Pu, Yaping Xu, He Xu, Huanhai Liu, Yin Cheng, Weihua Xu, Xiaoping Chen, Jingping Fan
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the transplantation of olfactory-ensheathing cells (OECs) could physiologically repair severely injured recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in dogs. Adult Beagle dogs were surgically introduced with a 10-mm defect in the left RLN and transplanted with a nerve guide (NEUROLAC) containing dog olfactory mucosa-olfactory-ensheathing cells (OM-OECs) in matrigel. The effects of OM-OECs on the morphology, histology, and electrophysiology of the injured RLNs, glottis movement, and voice acoustics were comparatively studied...
February 28, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
László Balogh, Éva Katona, Zoltán A Mezei, Judit Kállai, Réka Gindele, István Édes, László Muszbek, Zoltán Papp, Zsuzsanna Bereczky
Factor XIII (FXIII) stabilizes and protects the fibrin network. Its role in myocardial infarction (MI) is still to be clarified. To evaluate the association of FXIII levels with MI in young patients and to investigate how the FXIII-A p.Val34Leu, FXIII-B p.His95Arg, and IVS11, c.1952 + 144 C>G (Intron K) polymorphisms influence FXIII levels and MI risk. Patients with ST elevation MI below 40 years of age (MI, n = 119), age-matched clinical controls (CC, n = 101) without MI and coronary artery disease, and healthy controls (HC, n = 120) were investigated for FXIII activity, FXIII-A2 B2 , FXIII-B concentrations and for the polymorphisms...
February 26, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Matheus D Baldissera, Carine F Souza, Jaqueline I Golombieski, Débora Seben, Letícia R Sippert, Joseânia Salbego, Enio Marchesan, Renato Zanella, Bernardo Baldisserotto
Thiamethoxam is a broad-spectrum pesticide widely used in agricultural practice throughout the world. Worryingly, this pesticide is considered a potential contaminant on the surface and underground water, being a significant risk to aquatic ecosystems and humans. In this sense, we decided to evaluate the activity of enzymes belonging to purinergic system, which is linked with regulation of extracellular nucleotides and nucleosides, as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine (Ado) molecules involved in the regulation of immune and inflammatory responses...
February 26, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Srinivasan Perumal, Kulanthaivel Langeshwaran, Jayaraman Selvaraj, Rajagopal Ponnulakshmi, B Shyamaladevi, M P Balasubramanian
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antioxidant and chemopreventive efficiency of diosmin against N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA)-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in adult male rats. Rats were classified into four groups as follows: Group I: Control, Group II: NDEA-induced hepatocellular carcinogenic rats, Group III: Cancer-bearing animals treated with diosmin (200 mg/kg/body weight/day) orally for 28 days, Group IV: Control animals treated with diosmin (200 mg/kg/body weight/day) alone for 28 days...
February 26, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Raphael M Singh, Frank C Howarth, Ernest Adeghate, Keshore Bidasee, Jaipaul Singh, Tehreem Waqar
There is much evidence that diabetes mellitus (DM)-induced hyperglycemia (HG) is responsible for kidney failure or nephropathy leading to cardiovascular complications. Cellular and molecular mechanism(s) whereby DM can damage the kidney is still not fully understood. This study investigated the effect of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes (T1DM) on the structure and associated molecular alterations of the isolated rat left kidney following 2 and 4 months of the disorder compared to the respective age-matched controls...
February 23, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Matías Gabrielli, Damián G Romero, Claudia N Martini, Laura Judith Raiger Iustman, María Del C Vila
We investigated for the first time the expression of melanoma cell adhesion molecule (MCAM) and its involvement in the differentiation of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts to adipocytes. We found that MCAM mRNA increased subsequent to the activation of the master regulator of adipogenesis, PPARγ, and this increase was maintained in the mature adipocytes. On the other hand, MCAM knockdown impaired differentiation and induction of PPARγ as well as expression of genes activated by PPARγ. However, events that precede and are necessary for early PPARγ activation, such as C/EBPβ induction, β-catenin downregulation, and ERK activation, were not affected in the MCAM knockdown cells...
February 21, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Niraj Kumar Srivastava, Shikha Sharma, Neeraj Sinha, Sudhir Kumar Mandal, Deepak Sharma
Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) animal model is associated with systemic manifestations, including alteration of lipid metabolism. In the present study, one possible pathway of altered lipid metabolism is proposed. Specimens of joint tissue and plasma were collected from the CIA and control rats, and quantitative analysis of lipid components was performed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy technique. Correlation analysis was performed between the level of lipid components and antioxidant enzymes, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), lipid peroxidation (LP), and cytokines in joint tissue and plasma...
February 21, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
M K Sannigrahi, Rajni Sharma, Varinder Singh, Naresh K Panda, Vidya Rattan, Madhu Khullar
INTRODUCTION: Epigenetic modifications have been reported to play an important role in regulating gene expression and these modifications become critical when they have a role in controlling another important layer of epigenetic regulation namely microRNAs. In the present study, we have identified the microRNAs that may be regulated by promoter DNA methylation and histone acetylation in Human papilloma virus-positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. METHODOLOGY: HPV-negative cell line (UPCI:SCC-116) and HPV-16 +ve cell line (UPCI:SCC-090) were treated with methylation inhibitor (5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine, AZA) and acetylation inhibitor (Trichostatin-A, TSA), followed by micro-array analysis...
February 17, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Kentaro Oh-Hashi, Ayano Soga, Yoshihisa Naruse, Kanto Takahashi, Kazutoshi Kiuchi, Yoko Hirata
CREB3 is an ER membrane-bound transcription factor; however, post-translational regulation of CREB3, including expression, processing, and activation, is not fully characterized. We therefore constructed several types of mouse CREB3 expression genes and elucidated their expression in Neuro2a cells by treatment with stimuli and co-transfection with genes associated with ER-Golgi homeostasis, such as mutant Sar1 [H79G], GRP78, and KDEL receptor 1 (KDELR1). Interestingly, treatment of Neuro2a cells expressing Flag-tagged full-length CREB3 with monensin and nigericin induced the expression of the approximately 50 kDa N-terminal fragment; however, its cleavage was not parallel to the levels of GADD153 and LC3-II...
February 17, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Antônio da Silva Novaes, Rosemara Silva Ribeiro, Luciana Guilhermino Pereira, Fernanda Teixeira Borges, Mirian Aparecida Boim
Biological effects of angiotensin II (AngII) such as regulation of AngII target genes may be triggered by interaction of AngII with intracellular AngII receptor types 1 and 2 (AT1 and AT2 ), defined as intracrine response. The aim of this study was to examine the presence of AT1 and AT2 receptors in nuclear membrane of human mesangial cells (HMCs) and evaluate the possible biological effects mediated by intracellular AT1 through an intracrine mechanism. Subcellular distribution of AT1 and AT2 was evaluated by immunofluorescence and by western blot in isolated nuclear extract...
February 17, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Nearmeen M Rashad, Amal S El-Shal, Sally M Shalaby, Salem Y Mohamed
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains the main risk factor for chronic hepatitis (CHC), liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Changes in microRNA (miRNA) profiles can be associated with HCV infection and may either favor or inhibit the virus and/or its complication. Moreover, miRNAs have emerged as key regulators of various cancers including HCC. The aim of this work was to investigate the potentail role of miRNA-27a and miRNA-18b expression levels as non-invasive predictive biomarkers of hepatitis C virus-associated HCC...
February 17, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Azza M Abdu Allah, Sally M El-Hefnway, Alshimaa M Alhanafy, Ahmed M Zahran, Heba E Kasem
Leptin plays an important role in carcinogenesis as leptin/leptin receptor signaling promotes the angiogenesis, proliferation, and inhibits epithelial cell apoptosis. Variants in the leptin receptor gene have potential associations with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We aimed to investigate association of rs1137101 (A/G) polymorphism at LEPR gene with risk of RCC and patients survival. 123 individuals were classified into group I: 73 RCC patients and group II: 50 healthy controls. Genotyping of the Gln223Arg (A/G) polymorphism rs1137101 at LEPR gene was analyzed using allelic discrimination assay by Real-Time PCR technique...
February 16, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Kulvinder Kumar, Preety Ghanghas, S N Sanyal
The present study explored the events of angiogenesis and apoptosis in 7,12-dimethyl benz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced lung cancer in rat and its chemoprevention with Imatinib, a receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Further, it includes lipopolysaccharide (LPS) mediating inflammation along with DMBA for the promotion of lung carcinogenesis. The animals received a single intratracheal instillation of DMBA (20 mg/kg body weight) in olive oil and LPS (0.6 mg/kg body weight) to induce tumors in 16 weeks. Besides morphology and histology of the lung tissues, RT-PCR, western blots, and immunofluorescence were performed for the expression of apoptotic and angiogenic proteins...
February 16, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Yassmeen Radif, Haarith Ndiaye, Vasiliki Kalantzi, Ruth Jacobs, Andrew Hall, Shane Minogue, Mark G Waugh
Fatty acid uptake and metabolism are often dysregulated in cancer cells. Fatty acid activation is a critical step that allows these biomolecules to enter cellular metabolic pathways such as mitochondrial β-oxidation for ATP generation or the lipogenic routes that generate bioactive lipids such as the inositol phospholipids. Fatty acid activation by the addition of coenzyme A is catalysed by a family of enzymes called the acyl CoA synthetase ligases (ACSL). Furthermore, enhanced expression of particular ACSL isoforms, such as ACSL4, is a feature of some more aggressive cancers and may contribute to the oncogenic phenotype...
February 15, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Sujata Mohanty, Krishan Gopal Jain, Sushmita Bose Nandy, Anupama Kakkar, Manoj Kumar, Amit Kumar Dinda, Harpal Singh, Alok Ray
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown promising outcomes in cardiac and neuronal diseases. Efficient and noninvasive tracking of MSCs is essential to harness their therapeutic potential. Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) have emerged as effective means to label stem cells and visualize them using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is known that IONPs do not affect viability and cell proliferation of stem cells. However, very few studies have demonstrated differentiation potential of iron oxide-labeled MSCs and their differentiation into specific lineages that can contribute to cellular therapies...
February 15, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
E Nigro, P Schettino, R Polito, O Scudiero, M L Monaco, G D De Palma, A Daniele
Adiponectin (Acrp30) is an adipokine widely studied for its beneficial metabolic and anti-inflammatory properties. Colorectal cancer is among the most common cancers worldwide. The aim of present study was to explore the effects of Acrp30 on both CaCo-2 and HCT116 colorectal cancer cells in terms of viability, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. In addition, since colorectal cancer represents a typical inflammation-related cancer, we investigated whether Acrp30 treatment modifies the migration and the expression of crucial proteins in the EMT transition...
February 14, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
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