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Journal of Allied Health

Sara North, Barbra Beck, Marissa Liveris, Amy Vega, Nicole Boyington, Lani Stockwell, Thomas E St George, Jane Hopp
Integrative medicine and health (IMH) content and pedagogy for health professional education best practices are not established. Physician assistant (PA), physical therapy (PT), and occupational therapy (OT) students' knowledge and self-perception of integrative health, lifestyle behavior change, and professional well-being were assessed pre- and post- participation in IMH online modules. Students demonstrated significant increases in knowledge and self-perception scores from pre- to post-test. Pre- and post-test knowledge score means varied by discipline...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Rachel Roberts, Annabelle Wilson, John Coveney, Christopher Lind, Jennifer Tieman, Stacey George, Robyn Gill, Emma Tonkin
Community and professional engagement describes a collaborative model of interaction between institutions of higher education and the communities in which they operate. This qualitative study aimed to examine how professional and community engagement is understood and incorporated into the role of staff members within the School of Health Sciences of one university. Twenty-one academic and professional staff were interviewed. Participants identified a range of definitions for both 'community' and 'professional' engagement, as well as the benefits and limitations of such engagement...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Amanda Copes, Lee Ann Guenther, Mark Adelung, Lynne Telesca
Clinical educators in healthcare disciplines/professions are expected to synthesize research-based models and strategies into their own unique supervisory style. Therefore, best practice is to provide systematic cross-disciplinary training tools that assist clinical educators in meeting this expectation. The authors--from the disciplines of nursing, speech-language pathology, physical therapy, and occupational therapy--examined learning theories, models of supervision, and strategies for clinical education and determined common themes across and within them...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Celia Pechak, Connie Summers, Barbara Schoen, Margie Padilla, Patricia Lara, Joanna Velasco, Stephanie Capshaw
With the current state of the U.S. healthcare system, interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) has never been more important. Health professions educators are increasingly incorporating interprofessional education (IPE) in their curricula in order to prepare students for IPCP. The Health- Focused IPE Community of Practice (representing nursing, occupational therapy, pharmacy, physical therapy, rehabilitation counseling, social work, and speech-language pathology) at the University of Texas at El Paso has created a unique IPE model centered on vulnerable populations...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Janice Howman, Tawna Wilkinson, Chalee Engelhard, Donna Applebaum
BACKGROUND: Preparing students for today's healthcare environment requires visionary leadership and strategic implementation at the grassroots level. This paper describes the process used in physical therapy (PT) to gather information about regional clinical education consortia, enhance networking, and improve connectivity with national initiatives. PROCESS: Twenty consortia shared information about their structures, processes, and outcomes during small-group discussions using a mixed methods approach...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Ronald H Rozensky, Catherine L Grus, Jeffrey L Goodie, Liza Bonin, Brian D Carpenter, Benjamin F Miller, Kaile M Ross, Bruce D Rybarczyk, Anne Stewart, Susan H McDaniel
Health care is increasingly delivered through team-based, collaborative strategies with interprofessional education as an important mechanism for building interprofessional practice competencies. This paper describes an Interprofessional Seminar on Integrated Primary Care (IS-IPC) designed to meet this educational need with interprofessional team-based learning as the foundation of an iterative process such that education and practice inform one another. The IS-IPC can be used to educate an interprofessional group of learners about key topics relevant to working together in integrated primary care...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Caitlin Gillan, Amanda Bolderston, Carol-Anne Davis, Lisa DiProspero, Susan Fawcett, Donna Lewis, Katherine Smith, Marcia Smoke, Nicole Harnett
Following development of a framework to establish the scope of advanced practice for radiation therapists (APRTs), a Canadian certification process was built. This involved three independently-assessed phases: professional portfolio, case submission, and oral examination. The oral examination was to test the candidate's knowledge and capacity for decision-making. Development and piloting involved 3 elements: 1) content development, including relevant case selection, with accompanying high-fidelity imaging and resources; 2) harnessing of technology and ensuing logistics, given the desire to offer the examination online, maximizing accessibility and minimizing resources; and 3) examiner recruitment and preparation, involving a national call for interprofessional examiners, to assess across the spectrum of competencies...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Kathleen M Kenwright
The purpose of this research was to determine which job features create motivation and career satisfaction to retain personnel in the medical laboratory profession. Four research questions based on Wlodkowski's theory of motivation guided the study: Is there a difference in perceived career satisfaction among medical laboratory scientists who: a) feel included by practitioners in other healthcare professions, b) have choices on the job that are personally relevant, c) feel more challenged, and d) feel more competent in their daily work? In order to answer these questions, a survey composed of 33 questions was developed to capture the opinions of medical laboratory professionals who worked in the United States and had at least 1 year of experience...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Shaima Alothman, Aqeel Alenazi, L Russ Waitman, Joseph LeMaster, Patricia Kluding
AIMS: The purpose of the study was to identify the frequency of a prior diagnosis of neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease (PVD), and foot ulceration in patients with diabetes who subsequently underwent lower extremity amputation (LEA). METHODS: We performed a retrospective electronic review of de-identified charts from a tertiary medical health center of patients who had the diagnosis codes of diabetes and the procedure codes of LEA. For this query, neuropathy, PVD, and foot ulcer diagnosis codes were selected as the variables of interest...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Lisa L Dorsey, Patrick V Kelly, Patrick B Luetkemeyer, Jeanne M Lojovich
BACKGROUND: Professional socialization is the period in which a professional acquires the specialized skills, knowledge, and attitude of the profession. Professional socialization of physical therapy students begins day one in the classroom and continues through the transition to the clinic. To promote professional socialization among Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students, an Academic Professional Behavior Assessment (APBA) and advising plan were developed to identify, quantify, and improve professional behaviors...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Aaron Rindflesch, Melissa Hake, Rio Haack, Andrew Kleven, Mary McPartlin, Jessica Strikwerda, John Hollman
OBJECTIVE: To compare patient outcomes following acute rehabilitation after total hip arthroplasty (THA) of two groups: patients treated by student physical therapists (SPTs) under licensed physical therapist (PT) supervision and by licensed PTs. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-eight patients with rehabilitation managed by supervised SPTs and 78 treated by licensed PTs. Inclusion criteria were admission between 2010 and 2014, first-time THA, age 55 to 70 yrs, and research consent...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Karen Mueller, Roberta Prins, Hendrik D de Heer
Health professions students often experience burnout and loss of empathy that worsens as they progress through their education. This study explored the impact of an evidence-based online course on physical therapy student empathy, resilience, and work engagement during their clinical internships. Participants included 36 doctoral physical therapy students who were beginning a sequence of three consecutive internships following their didactic coursework. Participants were randomly assigned to an immediate or delayed intervention group and received the online course during the first or second of the three internships...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Laura L Harris, Katherine A Kelley, Tonya L Apke, Dennis Cleary, Sarah L Varekojis, Sarah E White
Students enrolled in professional education programs preparing for a career in a healthcare need to learn knowledge, skills, and a wide range of professional attributes. However, the nature of clinical and didactic curricula germane to allied health professional programs makes it difficult to find accurate and useful means of measuring knowledge of and the skills associated with professional behaviors. As allied health educators, it is critically important to identify a reliable and effective instrument that can assess professional attributes of students in terms of their knowledge and skill...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Alexandra Borstad, Dale C Deubler, Susan Appling, Lynda Spangler, Anne D Kloos
International service learning (ISL) courses within physical therapy (PT) education programs are designed, in part, to promote the development of professional values. Assessment of students' professional values, however, is a challenge for educators. METHODS: This study focused on the reflective learning component of an elective 10-day ISL course, evaluated whether PT professional values were manifested in students' written reflections, and characterized the level of student reflections using Bradley's criteria...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
JeJe Noval, Tracey Johnson
Learning management systems (LMSs) are available to faculty in many higher education institutions; however, not all faculty members take advantage of the tools LMSs offer in facilitating their face-to-face classes. To deepen understanding of this gap, this study explored faculty's experiences in LMS usage and factors that affected faculty's use of LMS to facilitate classroom learning. For this qualitative study, data were collected through interviews with various allied health faculty (n=10), and content analysis was used to identify themes...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
M Bonfield, L Fearnside, F Cramp
This paper describes the personal experience of two novice reviewers in developing and conducting a systematic litera¬ture review (SLR) in the field of medical ultrasound. The review was performed as part of a PhD study by the first author, which required the researcher to critically review all relevant studies in their specific research area. The review was conducted using a formal, scientific process and high¬lighted 20 relevant papers. Among the lessons learnt, undertaking an SLR was a time-consuming process...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Celia Pechak, Connie Summers, Joanna Velasco
INTRODUCTION: Language barriers between patients and their healthcare providers are associated with negative outcomes. One approach to bridge language discordance is to offer interpreter-use training. This study's purpose was to evaluate the effects of an interprofessional interpreter-use training on speech-language pathology (SLP), doctor of physical therapy (DPT), and master of occupational therapy (MOT) students. METHODS: Seventy-one students (18 SLP, 32 DPT, and 21 MOT) participated...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Stephen D Jernigan, Susan R Hodgkins, Wendy C Hildenbrand, Delois M Laverentz, Kristy Johnson, Michael J Waxman, Jana K Zaudke
PURPOSE: The University of Kansas Medical Center has developed an interprofessional education (IPE) foundational program using TeamSTEPPS, a curriculum designed to improve patient care through effective communication and teamwork. The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of the Level 1 program on learners as they develop the attitudes, knowledge, and skills related to interprofessional collaborative practice. METHODS: Learners (n=715) representing 15 professions participated in the Level 1 program...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Kristen K Hicks-Roof, Karen Beathard
Formal mentoring programs for dietetics students are limited, a critical gap in student application of learning. The educational program evaluated in this study was a structured project-based mentorship program between registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) and students in a didactic program in dietetics (DPD). There were 57 participants in our two-semester program, launched between a large university and a local dietetic association. The program resulted in high satisfaction ratings and strong interest in participating in the future program due to a reported increase in knowledge of concepts in the dietetics field from mentors and mentees involved...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
J S Guffey, Deana Barymon, Cody Doerflein, Cardin Vo, Darren Bowen
As many as 96% of persons over age 50 years may have shoulder abnormalities involving the rotator cuff. Many of these individuals remain asymptomatic. In contrast, there is limited research into the prevalence of shoulder pathology in the younger asymptomatic population. The supraspinatus muscle is the most likely candidate for injury within the common "rotator cuff" array of shoulder pathologies. The purpose of this study was to determine, using musculoskeletal sonography and basic clinical/physical screening, whether younger asymptomatic subjects (23...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
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