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Journal of Allied Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255601/in-respect-to-the-cognitive-load-theory-adjusting-instructional-guidance-with-student-expertise
#1
Jim Schilling
The amount of guidance supplied by educators to students in allied health programs is a factor in student learning. According to the cognitive load theory of learning, without adequate instructional support, novice learners will be overwhelmed and unable to store information, while unnecessary guidance supplied to advanced students will cause extraneous cognitive load on the working memory system. Adjusting instructional guidance for students according to their level of expertise to minimize extraneous cognitive load and optimize working memory storage capacity will enhance learning effectiveness...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255600/impact-of-participation-in-community-based-research-among-undergraduate-and-graduate-students
#2
Cheryl L George, Jennifer Wood-Kanupka, Kathryn N Oriel
Participation in community-based research provides college students with a high-impact experience involving both research and service learning. Presently, the impact of participation in community-based research projects has been measured most often through the use of post-learning course evaluations and case studies. The authors describe the impact of participation in community-based research, at a small liberal arts college, on undergraduate education students and graduate physical therapy students using the Community-Based Research Student Learning Outcomes Survey...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255599/a-novel-and-cost-effective-method-for-evaluating-cardiopulmonary-auscultation-skills-in-student-physical-therapists
#3
David O Sword, K Jackson Thomas, Holly H Wise, Deborah D Brown
Sophisticated high-fidelity human simulation (HFHS) manikins allow for practice of both evaluation and treatment techniques in a controlled environment in which real patients are not put at risk. However, due to high demand, access to HFHS by students has been very competitive and limited. In the present study, a basic CPR manikin with a speaker implanted in the chest cavity and internet access to a variety of heart and breath sounds was used. Students were evaluated on their ability to locate and identify auscultation sites and heart/breath sounds...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255598/pilot-testing-an-intervention-on-cultural-safety-and-indigenous-health-in-a-canadian-occupational-therapy-curriculum
#4
Margaret Jamieson, Shu-Ping Chen, Susanne Murphy, Laura Maracle, Amanda Mofina, Janice Hill
First-year Canadian occupational therapy students (n=27) rated their knowledge of and cultural/emotional responses to cultural safety and Indigenous health prior to and following an educational intervention led by a trained Indigenous educator. At post-intervention, students were also asked to comment on their learning experience. Pilot data of 40% of the class were analyzed using nonparametric approaches proposed by Koller and colleagues; qualitative data were explored using conventional methods. The majority of participant ratings reflected a perceived increase in knowledge and cultural/emotional responses, indicative of positive change following intervention...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255597/an-updated-synthesis-of-review-evidence-of-interprofessional-education
#5
REVIEW
Scott Reeves, Janice Palaganas, Brenda Zierler
With continued growth and investment in interprofessional education (IPE) activities, there is a persistent need to understand the effect of IPE on learning, organizations, systems, and patients. This paper presents an update of a previously published synthesis of reviews. In doing so, it provides a critical appraisal of the most recent evidence for the IPE review literature. Following a search of the literature, eight IPE reviews were identified. Findings from this synthesis indicate continued methodological weaknesses, similarities in the methodological approaches to the reviews, and a focus on short-term impact with a lack of attention on long-term impact...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255596/the-future-of-clinical-education-opportunities-and-challenges-from-allied-health-deans-perspective
#6
Barbara D Romig, Ann W Tucker, Anne M Hewitt, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet
ISSUE: There is limited information and consensus on the future of clinical education and the key factors impacting allied health (AH) clinical training. AH deans identified both opportunities and challenges impacting clinical education based on a proposed educational model. METHODS: From July 2013 to March 2014, 61 deans whose institutions were 2013 members of the Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions (ASAHP) participated in a three-round Delphi survey...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255595/health-profiles-of-allied-health-students-enrolled-in-a-faith-based-university
#7
Dragana Krpalek, Heather Javaherian-Dysinger, Liane Hewitt
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the health profiles of students at a faith-based university. METHODS: Data were collected using a modified version of the Health Lifestyle Enhancement Profile (HELP) and HELP-Screener. Participants were 323 undergraduate and graduate allied health students, of whom 64% were female and 36% male, with ages ranging from 19 to 51 years. Associations between variables were explored and a two-step cluster analysis was applied to the data...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255594/peer-assisted-learning-in-education-of-allied-health-professional-students-in-the-clinical-setting-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Samantha Sevenhuysen, Joanne Thorpe, Elizabeth Molloy, Jenny Keating, Terry Haines
Pressure on clinical educators to provide best practice education to growing student numbers is driving innovations in clinical education. Placing multiple students with a single clinical educator may increase capacity; however, little is known about the role and impact of peer-assisted learning (PAL) in these models. A systematic review of the literature from 1985 to 2014 was done to investigate the effectiveness of PAL amongst allied health professional students in clinical settings. Secondary aims were to investigate how PAL is defined and measured in this practice setting...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255593/measuring-clinical-decision-making-and-clinical-skills-in-dpt-students-across-a-curriculum-validating-a-new-survey-tool
#9
Tracy J Brudvig, Kelly Macauley, Noam Segal
BACKGROUND: Healthcare is a fast-paced, dynamic atmosphere. Clinical decision-making and clinical skills have been identified as necessary skills for autonomous practitioners in physical therapy. However, there are limited tools to measure these skills, which are cumbersome to implement and not validated. PURPOSE: To validate a survey tool across three cohorts of DPT students and one cohort of physical therapy interns. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, descriptive study...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255592/health-professions-students-perceptions-of-their-ipe-program-potential-barriers-to-student-engagement-with-ipe-goals
#10
Barret Michalec, Carolyn Giordano, Brandie Pugh, Christine Arenson, Elizabeth Speakman
BACKGROUND: Extensive evaluative efforts are underway to explore nuances of interprofessional education (IPE). Few studies, however, have utilized methodology that includes multiple interviews with students of various health disciplines, thereby potentially concealing factors that may be impacting students' attitudes and perceptions of IPE. By focusing on the students' perspectives, this case study explores potential barriers and facilitators to students' engagement with their IPE program...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255591/dpt-student-perceptions-of-the-physical-therapist-assistant-s-role-effect-of-collaborative-case-based-learning-compared-to-traditional-content-delivery-and-clinical-experience
#11
Yvonne M Colgrove, Lisa D VanHoose
INTRODUCTION: Doctor of physical therapy (DPT) student learning about role delineation of physical therapist assistants (PTAs) is essential to ethical and legal practice. METHODS: Survey assessment of three DPT student cohorts compared collaborative interprofessional case-based learning with PTA students to traditional curriculum delivery strategies. Control cohorts were assessed one time. The intervention group was assessed pre-intervention, immediately post-intervention, and after completing a full-time clinical experience...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255590/altmetrics-biased-metrics-and-contentious-metrics
#12
EDITORIAL
Thomas W Elwood
Across the athletic spectrum, many sports fans are fond of chanting that their beloved team is Number One. Championship games exist to test the validity of such claims. The journal world has similar characteristics, except there is no playoff system to validate champions. Nevertheless, proprietors of periodicals can boast of the results of measurements purporting to show that their journal produces a positive impact on readers. Different kinds of measures exist to assess the impact of publications. Until recently, the influence of a published article primarily would be measured by its citations, a slow process resulting in a long wait before its importance truly is recognized...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915363/outcomes-following-a-vestibular-rehabilitation-and-aerobic-training-program-to-address-persistent-post-concussion-symptoms
#13
Brian M Moore, Joseph T Adams, Edward Barakatt
PURPOSE: To describe changes in adults with persistent symptoms and disability following a concussion after completing a supervised home exercise vestibular rehabilitation (VR) program combined with aerobic training. METHOD: Participants included 14 consecutive individuals referred for VR within the context of a comprehensive concussion center. Outcome measures were administered at initial evaluation, 3 mos, and 6 mos. Outcome measures included: Rivermead Post-Concussion Questionnaire symptom (RPQ-3) and function (RPQ-13) subcategories, Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), functional gait assessment (FGA), return to work/study (RTW), and return to activity (RTA)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915362/teaching-health-care-students-the-radial-arterial-puncture-procedure
#14
Kevin P Collins, Christopher J Russian, Joshua F Gonzales
The radial artery puncture is a frequently ordered medical procedure for patients requiring blood gas analysis. Deviating from the proper procedure increases the likelihood of error and jeopardizes patient safety. The teaching methodology for the radial artery puncture is rarely addressed in the medical literature. First-year respiratory care students enrolled in a clinical practice course participated in an expanded curriculum on arterial puncture technique. The new five-step curriculum included: 1) a face-to-face lecture, 2) radial artery localization, 3) blunt-tipped needle simulation, 4) manikin arm puncture, and 5) a peer assessment video...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915361/neuroscience-literacy-brain-tells-as-signals-of-brain-dysfunction-affecting-daily-life
#15
Charlotte B Royeen, James R Brašić, Leah Dvorak, Casey Provoziak-O'Brien, Chetna Sethi, S Omar Ahmad
The structures and circuits of the central and the peripheral nervous systems provide the basis for thinking, speaking, experiencing sensations, and performing perceptual and motor activities in daily life. Healthy people experience normal functioning without giving brain functions a second thought, while dysfunction of the neural circuits may lead to marked impairments in cognition, communication, sensory awareness, and performing perceptual and motor tasks. Neuroscience literacy provides the knowledge to associate the deficits observed in patients with the underlying deficits in the structures and circuits of the nervous system...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915360/patient-safety-organizations-and-emergency-medical-services
#16
William J Leggio, Lee Varner, Kathryn Wire
Providing safe and error-free patient care should resonate well with all healthcare providers including emergency medical technicians. The environments and circumstances in which emergency medical services (EMS) provide patient care inevitably create risks to both the provider and patient. This article explores the concepts of patient safety, errors, near misses, adverse events, and Just Culture. Literature raises concerns about the lack of data collection on both patient and provider safety and research on these safety topics in EMS...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915359/predicting-professional-examination-outcomes-a-case-of-the-registered-health-information-administration-certification-examination
#17
James V Condon, Amanda C Barefield
PURPOSE: To determine whether differences existed among candidates for the Registered Health Information Administrator (RHIA) certification examination that may have characterized the likelihood of acquiring professional certification upon graduation. METHODS: Records of total of 197 former students were acquired from accredited health information administration education programs located across the United States. RESULTS: Final course grades in coding and introduction to health information administration and professional curriculum grade point average were strongly associated with the RHIA examination score...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915358/improving-quality-and-reducing-waste-in-allied-health-workplace-education-programs-a-pragmatic-operational-education-framework-approach
#18
Janet Golder, Melanie K Farlie, Samantha Sevenhuysen
BACKGROUND: Efficient utilisation of education resources is required for the delivery of effective learning opportunities for allied health professionals. This study aimed to develop an education framework to support delivery of high-quality education within existing education resources. METHODS: This study was conducted in a large metropolitan health service. Homogenous and purposive sampling methods were utilised in Phase 1 (n=43) and 2 (n=14) consultation stages...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915357/snacking-patterns-and-snack-correlates-in-third-and-fourth-year-nursing-and-dietetics-students-an-exploratory-study-from-the-midwestern-united-states
#19
Laura H McArthur, P L Monahan, Zhaohui Sheng, Donald Holbert
AIMS: To compare snacking behaviors and psychosocial correlates of third- and fourth-year nursing (n=52) and dietetics (n=48) students. METHODS: Questionnaires assessed snack choices, awareness of healthy snacks, snack recommendations and beliefs, stage of change and perceived benefits/barriers for healthy snacking, and situational snacking. RESULTS: The snacks purchased most often on and off campus by the nursing students were soft drinks/caffeinated beverages (58%) and chips (42%), and for the dietetics students were chips (35%) and fresh fruit (33%)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915356/the-future-of-clinical-education-using-the-delphi-technique-to-study-allied-health-deans-perspectives-on-definitions-and-goals
#20
Barbara D Romig, Ann W Tucker, Anne M Hewitt, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet
BACKGROUND: Allied health (AH) clinical education provides future health professionals with the experiences necessary to develop the healthcare competencies required for success in their individual fields. There is limited information and consensus on the purposes of clinical education, including its definition and goals, and its comprehensive role in AH clinical training. This study explored whether consensus could be achieved in the definition, goals, and factors impacting AH clinical education...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
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