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Journal of Allied Health

Ross M Little, Amanda Colligan, India Broyles
The purpose of this study was to examine student's perceptions of the iPad applications-assisted instruction as part of their learning. In this study, multiple features and applications were evaluated as an instructional tool. Fifteen participants responded to the survey indicating their perceptions of the iPad and applications used as part of their course delivery. Overall, participants favored the use of this technology as an instructional tool in their learning and indicated several aspects that could be improved...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Adrienne Lapidos, Anne Gwozdek
The University of Michigan (U-M) Dental Hygiene Program collaborated with the U-M School of Social Work in developing a course entitled "Skills for Patient- and Family-Centered Care with Diverse Populations." Drawing upon disciplines including dentistry, social work, psychology, and sociology, this course transformed mandatory outreach rotations in safety-net dental settings from a freestanding senior-year experience to an integrated part of the dental hygiene curriculum. The course provided a space in which to discuss the interpersonal aspects of patient care, particularly those related to the social determinants of health...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
David J Turbow, Thomas P Werner, Ellen Lowe, Huy Q Vu
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the use of rubrics to assess written work. This study aimed to determine whether or not the norming of a written communication rubric improved scoring consistency among clinical faculty in a critical thinking course. The benefits of a formalized norming process are described. METHODS: Faculty-raters were trained to apply the rubric to a signature assignment while participating in calibration workshops. For each rubric criterion, faculty examined whether or not heightened congruence in scoring resulted from the training...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Nancy Vandewiele Milligan, Anwar Najor-Durack, Martha Schiller, Jennifer Mendez
Future health professionals must be able to function well in a dynamic team-based environment. Interprofessional education aims to enable health professional students to collaborate on teams while working toward common goals. The Diabetes Education Wellness (DEW) Clinic was established in 2011 as an interprofessional, student-run, free clinic to educate the underserved in the community about the risks and management of diabetes. Twenty-four staff and students participated in a focus group addressing perspectives and attitudes toward interprofessional education and improvements for the clinic...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Jennifer L Saylor, Susan F Wainwright, E A Herge, Ryan T Pohlig
Evaluating the debriefing skill of faculty in simulations is essential but often challenging. The Peer Assessment Debriefing Instrument (PADI) is a self and peer assessment designed to assess a debriefers' effectiveness and is grounded in current scientific debriefing literature and peer review methodology. This pilot study tested the PADI at three institutions during 10 different healthcare debriefing sessions. The PADI is useful to faculty and administrators of simulation centers by demonstrating ongoing quality improvement and as a guide to train new debriefers...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Mary V Palumbo, Darcy N Bennett
This pilot project demonstrated using online video conferencing with students from eight disciplines for providing care of a rural elder with multiple chronic conditions. Eighty-three students participated in 12 video case conferences, each led by a nurse-practitioner student. All students were given information on care of elders and the core competencies for interprofessional practice. Nurse-practitioner students were given information and practice on running a team meeting. A survey evaluated the activity in terms of interprofessional competency attainment in four domains (IPEC) by using data aggregated from 14 Likert scale questions...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Gisselle Gallego, Rebecca Chedid, Angela Dew, Kim Bulkeley, Michelle Lincoln, Anita Bundy, Jennie Brentnall, Craig Veitch
Despite an increasing demand for therapy services, there is a shortage of therapists in rural areas. We describe the existing private therapy workforce in rural western New South Wales (NSW), Australia. A cross-sectional design study, using an online survey, was conducted with occupational and physiotherapists, speech pathologists, and psychologists working in private practice in western NSW. Forty-one private therapists completed the survey. The average years of qualification was 19; 51% worked part-time. Two-thirds (68%) indicated they had adequate access to professional development opportunities...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Elena Umland, Lauren Collins, Ashley Baronner, Edwin Lim, Carolyn Giordano
The need to evaluate the impact of interprofessional education (IPE) on learner outcomes is clear, but assessment of IPE's impact on patient health and well-being is lacking. This mixed-methods study evaluated perspectives of community volunteers, health mentors (HMs) who have at least one chronic condition, who participated in an IPE curriculum. In May 2014, 93 HMs concluding the Health Mentors Program completed a survey evaluating their student teams according to the Interprofessional Education Collaborative core competencies' four domains and program impact on health/wellbeing using a 4-point Likert scale (1=strongly disagree; 4=strongly agree)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Cynthia Blanton, Jennifer K Brooks, Laura McKnight
Negative attitudes toward people with high body weight have been documented in pre-professional health students, prompting concern that such feelings may manifest as poor patient care in professional practice. This study assessed weight bias in university students in the non-physician health professions. A convenience sample of 206 students completed an online survey composed of a validated 14-item scale (1-5 lowest to highest weight bias) and questions regarding personal experiences of weight bias. Respondents were grouped by discipline within graduate and undergraduate levels...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Kellie Stickler, Carla Sabus, Hedi Gustafson, Molly Kueser, Bridget Lavaveshkul, Linda Denney
PURPOSE: The objectives of this paper were to evaluate pre- to post-treatment outcomes of patients attending a student-run free physical therapy clinic in order to provide new evidence concerning patient response to student care. We hypothesize improved functional and quality of life scores as measured by outcome scales. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were included in this retrospective chart review. Data were analyzed through SPSS Statistical software (ver. 13) using paired t-tests to compare baseline and follow-up data for the following measures: blood pressure, numeric pain rating scale (NPRS), quality of life visual analog scale, SF-8 quality of life scale, and population demographics...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Maria C Dolce, Jessica L Holloman, Alison B Goodkind
PURPOSE: Despite mounting evidence of the oral-systemic link, oral health is often treated as a separate entity in health care professional education and training. Faculty attitudes and levels of knowledge and skills related to oral health have been cited as barriers to integration, though no research has reported health care faculty's oral health knowledge and skills or attitudes towards oral health curricular integration. The aim of this study was to assess the oral health knowledge, skills, and attitudes of interdisciplinary health care faculty at a large, metropolitan university...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Jennifer L Saylor, Susan F Wainwright, E A Herge, Ryan T Pohlig
Simulation education continues to increase in all healthcare curriculums. Measuring how well faculty conduct debriefing sessions within the context of the learning objectives and defined pedagogy of a specific simulation is vital and deficient. The purpose of this study was to develop and test an instrument to assess a debriefer's ability to effectively conduct a debriefing session to evaluate and demonstrate teaching effectiveness and excellence. The instrument, Peer Assessment of Debriefing Instrument (PADI), was developed using a traditional peer-review framework...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Kate Morgan, Roger Hughes
BACKGROUND: The need to build research capacity within allied health professions has previously been acknowledged as a workforce development strategy required to enhance the effectiveness of the health system. This study aimed to assess consensus among Australian allied health academics about the research- and evaluation-specific competencies required of graduates in the Australian workforce context. METHODS: A two-round Delphi study was conducted among a purposively sampled panel of 57 allied health educators from physiotherapy, speech pathology, and dietetics from universities across Australia...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Katherine E Harding, Nora Shields, Mary Whiteside, Nicholas F Taylor
Cultivating a dynamic research culture is critical to growing the allied health professions. The Stepping into Research training program was developed in 2008 using small group training and mentoring to train allied health clinicians at a large health service in basic research skills. This paper describes the outcomes 6 years after its implementation, including translation of the program to a second health service. This mixed-methods observational evaluation included (1) quantitative data on research outputs (publications, conference presentations- and enrolment in further research training) and (2) qualitative analysis of the experiences of the first cohort of participants following translation of the program to a second site, with comparison to a previous evaluation conducted at the first site...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Lois Stickley, Dawndra Sechrist, LesLee Taylor
Sex and gender differences in rehabilitation are important because more than half of patients seen by allied health professionals are female. Sex- and gender-specific curricula should be audited to enhance interprofessional education in women's health. The research question was: What is the extent of information about sex and gender differences that is included in selected allied health professions curricula? Student scholars from allied health programs audited courses in real time for references to sex and gender differences...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Thomas W Elwood
The era of the Obama Administration draws to a close at the end of 2016, leaving behind a signature achievement in the form of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) that became law in 2010. Beginning with that year, I have contributed an annual essay to the Journal of Allied Health describing various aspects of this legislation. The current essay initially will start down that same path, but then take a sharp detour to discuss related aspects of what is occurring in the broader health domain.
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Shelley Doucet, Elaine Loney, Peggy A Brown
The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to identify graduating students' perspectives on what makes prelicensure interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional collaboration (IPC) experiences valuable and effective and to identify other opportunities for effective IPE. We conducted telephone interviews with 12 students in medicine, nursing, pharmacy, and physiotherapy during their final year of training and thematically analyzed the verbatim transcripts. We found factors that make existing IPE experiences valuable and effective and could facilitate leverage of other curricular opportunities include: 1) experiential learning in clinical and classroom contexts, 2) relevancy of the IPE experiences, 3) opportunities for role clarification, 4) supervisors' influence (e...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Alison C Essary, Nathaniel L Wade
According to the most recent statistics from the National Center for Education Statistics, disparities in enrollment in undergraduate and graduate education are significant and not improving commensurate with the national population. Similarly, only 12% of graduating medical students and 13% of graduating physician assistant students are from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups. Established in 2012 to promote health care transformation at the organization and system levels, the School for the Science of Health Care Delivery is aligned with the university and college missions to create innovative, interdisciplinary curricula that meet the needs of our diverse patient and community populations...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Genevieve Pinto Zipp, Catherine Maher, Erin Donnelly, Brian Fritz, Lauren Snowdon
Creating curriculums that develop physical therapy (PT) students into evidenced-based, critically reflective, entry-level practitioners is one of the primary goals for PT programs. Academic faculty partnering with neurologic residency programs to design learning environments that capitalize upon the strengths of both can create insightful educational experiences for students during their didactic training. These partnerships support the development of critical thinking skills and provide mentorship for residents transitioning from their role as a clinician to that of an educator...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
P M├Ęche, C-L Meyenberg, L Douchamps, C Wyndham-White, A Ibrahimovic, E Jeannot
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess attitudes toward interprofessional education (IPE) among undergraduate health students in Switzerland after 2 weeks of IPE training during the first year of their bachelor's curriculum. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a convenience sample of first-year undergraduate healthcare students assessed using the RIPLS scale. RESULTS: A total of 140 students participated in this study. Physiotherapist students achieved the highest mean scores for the total RIPLS...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
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