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Journal of Allied Health

Karen E Furgal, Elizabeth S Norris, Sonia N Young, Harvey W Wallmann
Development of professional behaviors in Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students is an important part of professional education. The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has developed the Professionalism in Physical Therapy Core Values Self-Assessment (PPTCV-SA) tool to increase awareness of personal values in practice. The PPTCV-SA has been used to measure growth in professionalism following a clinical or educational experience. There are few studies reporting psychometric properties of the PPTCV-SA...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Leah Hoffman, Allen Knehans, Russell Postier
BACKGROUND: In pancreatic cancer, postoperative weight loss is associated with higher mortality. This study assessed preoperative factors associated with postoperative weight loss so that at-risk patients can be identified for intervention. METHOD: A retrospective review of patients who underwent pancreatic surgery was completed. Demographics and routine blood work were analyzed to determine association with postoperative weight loss. RESULTS: Of 74 patients, 85% lost weight after surgery...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Kenneth D Royal
The topic of assigned seating likely is one that every allied health educator has considered at some point in time. Despite a great deal of informal discussions about the topic, surprisingly, not a great deal of scholarship has explored the role of assigned seating for students in allied health and medical education. While educators can readily recite reasons not to assign seats, rarely can educators provide reasons for doing so. in truth, however, there are many benefits to be reaped from assigned seating in college and medical school classrooms...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Paul Salamh, Chad Cook, Carol Figuers, Kyle Covington
BACKGROUND: Academic dishonesty (AD) has been widely reported as an increasing concern in higher education. The primary purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions of what faculty and learners consider acts of AD and the level of seriousness within physical therapist (PT) education. Secondary aims included examining the incidence of AD reported by both groups. METHODS: A survey of 16 scenarios that constitute AD, with 4 questions for each scenario...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Elena Neiterman, Ivy Bourgeault, Julie Peters, Victoria Esses, Elaine Dever, Rae Gropper, Christine Nielsen, Jenna Kelland, Peggy Sattler
AIMS: Bridging education for internationally trained professionals has grown in popularity, but little is known about promising practices for bridging education in allied health professions. This paper addresses this gap by examining the expected outcomes of effective bridging programs, the key features that contribute to their effectiveness, challenges faced by bridging programs, and the appropriate role of regulatory colleges, government, employers, and professional associations in bridging education...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Pam Towery, J Stephen Guffey, Susan Motts, Kaleb Brown, Grafton Harrell, Todd Hobson, Chelsea Patton
Blue light delivered at wavelengths of 405 to 470 nm has been demonstrated to inhibit growth of bacteria on foodstuffs. This study investigated the effect of a narrow band of visible light on the color, texture, and flavor (organoleptic) properties of cucumbers. Previous research in this area has focused on either broad-spectrum light or specifically the UV bands of energy. Two experiments were performed, a sensory evaluation and a discriminative test. in both experiments, half of the cucumbers were irradiated with 464 nm at 18 J/cm2 and half were left untreated...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Claire S Tucker, Melissa G Efurd, Robert L Kennedy
PURPOSE: Competency-based education is employed to ensure students are prepared to perform tasks required by entry-level practitioners. The American Dental Education Association's curriculum for dental hygiene programs states that students should learn skills consistently performed by dental hygienists to the level of competence. The purpose of this study was to assess the implementation of a competency- based dental hygiene clinical program at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Sara L Nottingham, Tricia M Kasamatsu
BACKGROUND: Preceptors are important contributors to the professional development of students in allied healthcare programs. Considering their role in supervising and teaching students during clinical education, it is important that preceptors understand and embody effective characteristics and behaviors. Most existing research on preceptor effectiveness in nursing, medicine, and dietetics professions has examined preceptor and student perceptions of effective behaviors independently...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Derek Charles, Sylvester Boyd, Logan Heckert, Austin Lake, Kevin Petersen
Although the literature has well recognized the effectiveness of physical therapy for treating musculoskeletal injuries, reimbursement is evolving towards value-based or alternative payment models and away from procedure orientated, fee-for-service in the outpatient setting. Alternative models include cased-based clinics, pay-for-performance, out-of-network services, accountable care organizations, and concierge practices. There is the possibility that alternative payment models could produce different and even superior patient outcomes...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Tsu-Hsin Howe, Ching-Fan Sheu, Jim Hinojosa
Cooperative learning provides an important vehicle for active learning, as knowledge is socially constructed through interaction with others. This study investigated the effect of cooperative learning on occupational therapy (OT) theory knowledge attainment in professional-level OT students in a classroom environment. Using a pre- and post-test group design, 24 first-year, entry-level OT students participated while taking a theory course in their second semester of the program. Cooperative learning methods were implemented via in-class group assignments...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Cyndy R Snyder, Bianca K Frogner, Susan M Skillman
Racial and ethnic diversity in the health workforce can facilitate access to healthcare for underserved populations and meet the health needs of an increasingly diverse population. In this study, we explored 1) changes in the racial and ethnic diversity of the health workforce in the United States over the last decade, and 2) evidence on the effectiveness of programs designed to promote racial and ethnic diversity in the U.S. health workforce. Findings suggest that although the health workforce overall is becoming more diverse, people of color are most often represented among the entry-level, lower-skilled health occupations...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Louis Staple, Alix Carter, Jan L Jensen, Mark Walker
BACKGROUND: Paramedics participate in continuing medical education (CME) to maintain their skills and knowledge. An understanding of learning styles is important for education to be effective. This study examined the preferred learning styles of ground ambulance paramedics and describes how their preferred learning styles relate to the elective CME activities these paramedics attend. METHODS: All paramedics (n=1,036) employed in a provincial ground ambulance service were invited to participate in a survey containing three parts: demographics, learning style assessed by the Kolb Learning Style Inventory (LSI), and elective CME activity...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Robin Kay, Helene Goulding, Jia Li
Competency-based education in health care requires rigorous standards to ensure professional proficiency. Demonstrating competency in hands-on laboratories calls for effective preparation, knowledge, and experience, all of which can be difficult to achieve using traditional teaching methods. Virtual laboratories are an alternative, cost-effective approach to providing students with sufficient preparatory information. Research on the use of virtual labs in allied health education is limited. The current study investigated the benefits, challenges, and perceived impact of a virtual lab in an allied health program...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Roy K Chen
Past research has shown that there is a pattern of systematic grade inflation in higher education in the U.S. As a result, it is difficult for prospective employers and graduate school admission directors to distinguish bright candidates when recruiting new graduates. The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to determine the grading patterns of four academic departments (i.e., rehabilitation services, communication science and disorders, social work, and nursing) in an allied health college at a large public university over time, and 2) to consider which instructor demographic factors and course characteristics might influence the grading patterns...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Carla Sabus, Ellen Spake
BACKGROUND: The ability to innovate and adapt practice is a requirement of the progressive healthcare provider. Innovative practice by rehabilitation providers has largely been approached as personal professional development; this study extends that perspective by examining innovation uptake from the organizational level. The varied professions can be expected to have distinct qualities of innovation adoption that reflect professional norms, values, and expectations. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the organizational processes of innovation uptake in outpatient physical therapy practice...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Alycia M Markowski, Kristin C Greenwood, Jessica L Parker, Marie B Corkery, Maria C Dolce
AIMS: Oral health is integral to overall health and wellness. All healthcare providers can contribute to improving health by including an oral health screening (OHS) in the physical examination. The aims of this study were to 1) develop and test a novel oral health curriculum and 2) compare the effectiveness of two distinct methods of instruction, a) simulation with physical therapists (PT) and dental professional co-debriefing and b) video observation with PT faculty- only instruction...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Emma Wheeler, Constance L Coogle, Robert C Fix, Myra G Owens, Leland H Waters
AIMS: Evaluate changes in physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) practice following evidence-based practice (EBP) interprofessional modules that teach assessments and interventions to reduce falls in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Medical records of post-fall patients in three Programs of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) sites were analyzed to assess differences in documented falls and the OT and PT use of EBP assessment and interventions implemented following fall prevention training...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Lori Fewster-Thuente, Tamzin J Batteson
It is imperative to incorporate education on interprofessional competencies into the curriculum of healthcare provider students in order to meet the individual program accreditation standards. However, what is missing is a theoretical foundation for the education. The purpose of this paper was to examine if the qualitative data from a mixed-methods study using low-fidelity simulation of a case study that demonstrated changes in interprofessional attitudes and behaviors in healthcare provider students aligned with Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory (ELT)...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Thomas W Elwood
Each year, the Journal of Allied Health is successful in attracting approximately 20% of article submissions from other nations. This development is gratifying in many ways because it signifies the utility and importance of obtaining viewpoints from other lands in ways that enhance the understanding of American educators and clinicians about common issues and challenges involving the preparation of a highly competent health workforce. Also discussed are wider trends in research and publishing including "registered reports" and authorship criteria...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Kelly L Anderson, Trisha L Self, Brandi N Carlson
PURPOSE: This pilot project was intended to introduce an authentic interprofessional education experience with students from Communication Sciences & Disorders (CSD) and Dental Hygiene (DH) to develop and apply strategies to assist children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to decrease their anxiety and improve their ability to participate in an oral screening and prophylaxis appointment. The second purpose was for students to learn each other's scope of practice. METHODS: Four children diagnosed with ASD were identified as having dental anxiety and unmet dental needs...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
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