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Journal of Allied Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202172/interprofessional-collaboration-of-dental-hygiene-and-communication-sciences-disorders-students-to-meet-oral-health-needs-of-children-with-autism
#1
Kelly L Anderson, Trisha L Self, Brandi N Carlson
PURPOSE: This pilot project was intended to introduce an authentic interprofessional education experience with students from Communication Sciences & Disorders (CSD) and Dental Hygiene (DH) to develop and apply strategies to assist children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to decrease their anxiety and improve their ability to participate in an oral screening and prophylaxis appointment. The second purpose was for students to learn each other's scope of practice. METHODS: Four children diagnosed with ASD were identified as having dental anxiety and unmet dental needs...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202171/the-multiple-mini-interview-a-possible-solution-to-problems-associated-with-the-interview-processes-for-a-selected-entry-allied-health-program
#2
P Y Cope, Sally Clendon, Tom Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Concerns have been raised about the effectiveness of traditional semi-structured interviews in selected entry allied health programs in terms of whether they give applicants the best opportunity to demonstrate their personal qualities and whether the process itself is overly intimidating and impersonal. This in turn raises questions about the reliability and validity of interviews. In this study, a possible alternative process was examined, the multiple mini-interview (MMI)...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202170/the-dass-14-improving-the-construct-validity-and-reliability-of-the-depression-anxiety-and-stress-scale-in-a-cohort-of-health-professionals
#3
Frances M Wise, Darren W Harris, John H Olver
OBJECTIVES: Considerable research has been undertaken in evaluating the DASS-21 in a variety of clinical populations, but studies of the instrument's psychometric adequacy in healthcare professionals is lacking. This study aimed to establish and improve the construct validity and reliability of the DASS-21 in a cohort of Australian health professionals. METHODS: 343 rehabilitation health professionals completed the DASS-21, along with a demographic questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202169/psychological-impact-of-cognitive-rest-following-sport-related-concussion-on-low-socioeconomic-status-adolescent-patients
#4
Tamerah N Hunt, Laura L Harris
PURPOSE: Describe the psychological impact of cognitive rest in adolescents recovering from concussion from sport-related concussion. METHODS: Eight male football players with a previous sport concussion and full recovery completed semi-structured interviews during focus group sessions. Using content analysis, the researchers independently analyzed notes and transcriptions to identify themes associated with the psychological impact of cognitive rest. RESULTS: Common themes included: 1) sport as social support, and 2) boredom-complicated recovery following cognitive rest...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202168/what-do-faculty-in-health-professions-need-to-be-competent-educators-results-from-a-school-wide-needs-assessment
#5
Aimee K Gardner, Vicki Waters, Robert J McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: Teaching may be the one responsibility most distinctly identified with being a faculty member, but may be the one for which faculty is least prepared. We performed a needs assessment to understand the educational needs of health professions faculty. METHODS: Faculty completed a survey examining the extent to which they valued and felt competent in 36 education-related skills within six categories, including instructional methods, curriculum development, assessment, instructional design, learners and learning, and diversity and inclusion...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202167/introduction-of-virtual-patient-software-to-enhance-physician-assistant-student-knowledge-in-palliative-medicine
#6
Kristine A Prazak
PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to infuse palliative medicine and end-of-life care creatively into physician assistant (PA) education. METHODS: Nine second-year PA students volunteered to participate in this quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest pilot study. Students initially completed an anonymous survey evaluating seven domains of knowledge in palliative medicine coupled with a self-assessment in competence. Virtual patient software was then used to simulate clinical encounters that addressed major palliative care domains...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202166/team-based-learning-at-the-end-of-a-physical-therapy-curriculum
#7
Kelly Macauley, Angelique Dirkes
Team-based learning (TBL) is used in health professions education, including physical therapist education. This retrospective analysis assessed the implementation of TBL in a diagnostic screening course. Ninety-two Doctor of Physical Therapy and post-professional international master's students participated. The students' perceptions were assessed by the Team-Based Learning Student Assessment Inventory (TBL-SAI). The students overall scores on the TBL-SAI demonstrated a favorable experience with TBL. The students also displayed positive responses on the three subscales: Accountability, Preference for Lecture or TBL, and Student Satisfaction...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202165/a-survey-of-undergraduate-capstone-course-objectives-in-communication-sciences-and-disorders-current-trends-and-future-implications
#8
Beula M Magimairaj, Kathy McDaniel
PURPOSE: Undergraduate capstone courses are culminating experiences that allow seniors to integrate and demonstrate the knowledge and skills gained during undergraduate studies. To date, there are no published studies about capstone course standards/designs in the discipline of communication sciences and disorders (CSD). The purpose of this study was to determine what capstone experiences are considered critical for CSD undergraduates. METHOD: Faculty from CSD programs nationwide were asked to rank-order 15 potential learning objectives (suitable to a senior capstone) based on their relative importance from most important to least important...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202164/lessons-learned-by-a-founding-dean-college-of-health-and-human-services-at-western-kentucky-university
#9
John A Bonaguro
This article describes the process in the development and implementation of the College of Health and Human Services at Western Kentucky University. Lessons learned and insights gained as an inaugural dean are presented around four main themes: creating a culture of trust and transparency, leaders of change, strategic planning, and cultivating external resources. The application of change theory, transformational leadership, and systems thinking enabled the college to more than double its enrollment and to address critical workforce needs in health and human services...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202163/amount-of-genetics-education-is-low-among-didactic-programs-in-dietetics
#10
Kaitlan Beretich, Janet Pope, Dawn Erickson, Angela Kennedy
Nutritional genomics is a growing area of research. Research has shown registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) have limited knowledge of genetics. Limited research is available regarding how didactic programs in dietetics (DPDs) meet the genetics knowledge requirement of the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics (ACEND®). The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the study of nutritional genomics is incorporated into undergraduate DPDs in response to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics position statement on nutritional genomics...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202162/controversial-issues-in-healthcare-policy-a-survey-of-doctor-of-physical-therapy-students-in-a-public-university
#11
Drew D Snyder, Teale K Bennett, Jeremy C Oller, Weiqing Ge
BACKGROUND: The recently passed legislation and proposed policy changes governing the healthcare system have been met with extensive debate and controversy. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the study was to determine the attitudes of Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students towards some of these controversial issues. The secondary objective was to determine the demographic factors, including number of years in a physical therapy program, that contribute to their attitude formation...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202161/development-of-an-academic-professional-behaviors-assessment-for-health-professions-faculty
#12
Lois A Stickley, Karen A Gibbs, Barbara Sanders
PURPOSE: An important component in educating health professionals is developing professional behaviors, which includes appropriate modeling by faculty. The purposes of this study were to: 1) determine examples of behaviors that faculty identify as important in measuring professional behaviors in themselves and colleagues, and 2) develop a tool that could be used in self- and peer-assessment for faculty. METHODS: Part I of this two-part study was a survey to determine which behaviors are considered valuable in seven categories of professional behaviors...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202160/benefits-and-challenges-of-supervising-physical-therapy-students-in-the-state-of-kuwait-a-national-study
#13
Sameera H Aljadi, Naser M Alotaibi, Hesham N Alrowayeh, Talal A Alshatti
One common component of allied health education is clinical fieldwork. It is the bridge between the didactic curriculum and clinical practice. Clinical supervisors perceive that being a clinical supervisor has both benefits and challenges. A modified questionnaire was distributed to 75 physical therapists who had previously or were currently engaged in supervising physical therapy students in 12 public hospitals in the State of Kuwait. In addition to demographic data, the questionnaire asked about the benefits and challenges associated with supervising students...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202159/mammographic-phantoms-frequently-used-to-determine-image-quality-a-comparative-study
#14
Khaled AlKhalifah, Ajit Brindabhan
Appropriate diagnosis depends on the image quality of the mammographic system. Phantoms are normally used, since they have physical properties similar to those of different human tissues, and are important tools for quality assurance of mammography equipment, evaluation of image quality, and accurate determination of patient dosage. The aim of this study was to evaluate various mammographic phantoms used to determine the image quality of digital mammographic equipment. METHODS: Three phantoms were used: an American College of Radiology accreditation phantom, an MTM 100/R, and a tissue-equivalent phantom...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202158/therapeutic-value-of-medical-marijuana-in-new-jersey-patients-a-community-partnership-research-endeavor
#15
Tara L Crowell
OBJECTIVE: The Public Health Program at Stockton University partnered with the Compassionate Care Foundation to ascertain the impact of medical marijuana on patients in New Jersey. METHODS: Patients volunteered to complete a survey once a month for 8 months. The survey explored their use, form, and strain of medical marijuana and its influence on pain and 12 other physical and mental health variables. Also, an increase or decrease in other medication taken and any unexpected outcomes were recorded...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202157/utilization-of-ambulatory-physical-therapy-and-occupational-therapy-by-the-united-states-population-2009-2013
#16
Robert Sandstrom
PURPOSE: The aging of the U.S. population and insurance reforms in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 have been postulated to increase future demand for physical therapy and occupational therapy. The purpose of this study was to develop population estimates for and describe the demographic characteristics of persons using ambulatory physical therapy and occupational therapy during 2009-2013. METHOD: From data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Household Component, population estimates of the number of persons utilizing ambulatory therapy services were developed for the total U...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202156/informed-consent-and-the-limited-english-patient-a-pilot-project-with-dental-hygiene-students-to-assess-student-knowledge-perceptions-and-attitudes
#17
Helen C Tarp, Tammy Sanderson, M Elizabeth Fore, Mary A Nies
Informed consent is the process by which a patient agrees to or rejects a proposed plan of treatment after a discussion with the provider about the benefits, risks, and alternative treatments available. In the United States, a signed informed consent form is required before any treatment plan may be implemented. However, there is no literature addressing how students in health professions understand informed consent in the context of encounters with limited English proficient (LEP) patients. The purpose of this interprofessional, interdisciplinary pilot project was to explore and assess Idaho State University's dental hygiene students' knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes associated with the process of informed consent when working with LEP patients in a dental hygiene setting...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202155/changes-in-health-professional-students-attitudes-toward-the-underserved-impact-of-extended-participation-in-an-interprofessional-student-run-free-clinic
#18
Brian Sick, Lei Zhang, Anne Marie Weber-Main
This study assessed the impact of volunteering for 2 years in an interprofessional student-run free clinic (SRFC) on the attitudes of health professional students toward the medically underserved. The Health Professionals' Attitudes Toward the Homeless Inventory was administered to students from six different health professions at three time points: before, after 1 year, and after 2 years of volunteering in an SRFC. The results were compared to students who never applied to the SRFC and those who applied but were not accepted...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202154/changing-student-attitudes-toward-interprofessional-learning-and-collaboration-evidence-for-the-effectiveness-of-partnering-with-healthcare-mentors-in-the-academic-setting
#19
Robert Wellmon, Mary Baumberger-Henry, Normajean Colby, Linda Knauss, Patricia Fletcher
PURPOSE: Individuals living with chronic health conditions serving as healthcare mentors (HCM) allow the creation of high impact, authentic learning experiences. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 6-hour curricular experience involving HCM in changing student attitudes toward interprofessional learning (IPL) and collaboration (IPC). METHODS: Thirty-eight students from clinical psychology, nursing, physical therapy, and social work programs participated in either the learning intervention (n=19) or the control group (n=19)...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202153/congressional-politics-and-peer-review
#20
EDITORIAL
Thomas W Elwood
U.S. Senator Rand Paul (R-KY) believes that the public is better served by changing how peer review is conducted of research grant applications for federal money. Toward that end, on October 17, 2017, he introduced S. 1973, the BASIC Research Act, as a means of curtailing what he considers silly research. If enacted, the following would result.
2017: Journal of Allied Health
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