journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical Journal of Malaysia

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733572/lower-eyelid-reconstruction-following-a-traumatic-full-thickness-loss
#1
W J Tang, A Z Mat Saad
Eyelid reconstruction is complex and challenging since it is not only for structural and functional restoration, but also for an acceptable aesthetic result. In full thickness eyelid injuries, it will involve both anterior and posterior lamella. Therefore, when reconstructing the defect, it requires at least two layers; one will be a flap with blood supply, and the other can be a free graft. In this case, a rotational advancement cheek flap and composite graft were used to reconstruct the lower eyelid.
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733571/a-rare-case-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-cerebral-abscess-secondary-to-conjunctivitis
#2
Y K Gan, A Z Azmi, S A Ghani, A Samsudin
This case report discusses the rare association of cerebral abscess related to conjunctivitis in an otherwise healthy child. A 6 year old boy presented with conjunctivitis was treated with topical antibiotics and resolved after a week. Conjunctival swab cultures grew MRSA. A month later he developed status epileptics and CT scans revealed a large cerebral abscess. He was treated with intravenous antibiotics which covered for MRSA, along with an incision and drainage for the cerebral abscess. Pus cultures grew MRSA...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733570/frank-s-sign-a-dermatological-link-to-coronary-artery-disease
#3
K G Lee
Frank's sign, also known as diagonal earlobe crease (DELC), was observed to be an aural sign of coronary artery disease (CAD). Since then, there has been much interest in examining this unique and controversial association. This report describes a patient who has bilateral complete and deep diagonal ear lobe creases, presented with angina and diagnosed to have coronary artery disease on angiography. The characteristics of the sign and its association with atherosclerotic disease were discussed.
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733569/a-case-of-missed-blunt-traumatic-aortic-injury-btai
#4
N M Nik Azlan, H Rossman
We are reporting a case of missed blunt traumatic aortic injury (BTAI). A 28 year male presented with chest pain following a motor vehicle accident. He was discharged following normal clinical signs and chest radiograph. The following day he complained of lower limb weakness. Traumatic aortic dissection was revealed via computer tomography (CT) of the thorax. BTAI cannot be ruled out with normal clinical signs and chest radiograph alone. CT thorax is mandatory to rule out BTAI in high impact chest injury.
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733568/mycology-of-onychomycosis-a-5-year-retrospective-review-2011-2015-in-hospital-kuala-lumpur
#5
R Ramalingam, S Kunalan, M M Tang
Onychomycosis is a common nail disease with numerous etiological pathogens. In order to determine and trend the local mycological pattern of culture-positive diseased nail samples sent from the Department of Dermatology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, a five-year retrospective audit was carried out, which revealed that non-dermatophyte molds were the predominant fungi isolated, followed by yeasts and dermatophytes. This is similar to two previous studies in Malaysia, but varies greatly from other studies around the world which showed a dermatophyte-predominant prevalence...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733567/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction-in-male-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-west-malaysia
#6
A Enoma, S M Ching, F K Hoo, S F S Omar
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been associated with the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and chronic diseases. Sexual dysfunction data of male patients infected with HIV are still scarce in Malaysia, and ED appears to be under-reported. Therefore, this study aims to determine the prevalence and predictors of ED among male HIV patients at the University Malaya Medical Centre. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted among male HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) attending the outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital in Malaysia...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733566/newly-diagnosed-end-stage-kidney-disease-in-a-single-centre-in-sabah
#7
K W Wong, S Lojikip, F S Chan, K W Goh, H C Pang
AIM: To study the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, vascular access, and the short term survival of ESRD patients initiated on dialysis from Hospital Queen Elizabeth (HQE). BACKGROUND: The number of patients with ESRD is increasing in Sabah, Malaysia. Most patients present late and some live in remote areas with difficult access to healthcare services. Many therefore present with potentially fatal complications. METHODS: All the newly confirmed ESRD patients who were initiated on renal replacement therapy (RRT) from 1 January to 31 December 2014 were included...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733565/customary-marriages-in-rural-pakistan
#8
N Rehan, K Qayyum
BACKGROUND: Although the incidents of customary marriages are frequently reported in Pakistani press, yet no large scale community-based study has ever been conducted to gauge the magnitude of such marriages. The present study is the first-ever community based study on this topic. METHODS: 4,385 ever-married women, aged 18-83 years, from six rural districts, were interviewed to enquire about the types of their marriages. The data was collected through interviews conducted by trained female interviewers and analysed through SPSS-20...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733564/the-clinical-features-and-treatment-outcome-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-with-pegylated-interferon-and-ribavirin-in-routine-care
#9
S S Tan, Z Adlin Nadia
AIM: To describe the clinical characteristic of hepatitis C (HCV) patients and the results of pegylated interferon and ribavirin (PegIFN/RBV) therapy in a routine clinical practice. METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive HCV patients treated with PegIFN/RBV in 2004 to 2012. RESULTS: A total of 273 patients received treatment. The mean age was 44.16 ± 10.5 years and 76% were male. The top 2 self-reported risks were blood or blood product transfusion before 1994 and injection drug use, found in 57...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733563/prevalence-factors-influencing-and-knowledge-about-adherence-to-lipid-lowering-therapy-among-hyperlipidemia-patients
#10
N K Devaraj, M Mohamed, N Hussein
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidaemia is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, adherence to lipidlowering therapy is often unsatisfactory due to a combination of patient factors, therapy, socio-economic and health system-related factors. AIMS: to identify the prevalence of adherence to lipidlowering therapy, the factors contributing to non-adherence and knowledge regarding hyperlipidaemia and its' treatment among Malaysian patients with hyperlipidemia...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733562/incidence-of-cutaneous-adverse-drug-reactions-among-medical-inpatients-of-sultanah-aminah-hospital-johor-bahru
#11
S Latha, S E Choon
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs) are common. There are only few studies on the incidence of cADRs in Malaysia. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, clinical features and risk factors of cADRs among hospitalized patients. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted among medical inpatients from July to December 2014. RESULTS: A total of 43 cADRs were seen among 11 017 inpatients, yielding an incidence rate of 0...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473686/pulmonary-actinomycosis-masquerading-as-aspergilloma
#12
Z Rosdina, M E Nurul Yaqeen, M Hanafiah, B Nor Salmah
We report a case of a 34-year-old man who was initially treated as community acquired pneumonia following a three-month-history of productive cough, loss of weight and loss of appetite. However, three months after discharged from the hospital, he presented again with worsening respiratory symptoms and radiological evidence of a lung cavitation with intracavitary lesion resembling an aspergilloma associated with surrounding consolidation. Unfortunately, he remained symptomatic despite on antifungal therapy. The repeat computed-tomography demonstrated persistent cavitating lesion with development of necrotising pneumonia...
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473685/idiopathic-internal-thoracic-artery-ita-pseudoaneurysm-treated-with-endovascular-embolization
#13
W J Wong, B D K Leong, C H Mak
A 44-year-old female was diagnosed with an ITA pseudoaneurysm in the right supraclavicular fossa. She was successfully treated with endovascular embolization. The challenges of diagnosis and treatment are discussed.
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473684/a-case-series-of-dermatological-emergencies-erythroderma
#14
T L Tan, W M Chung
Erythroderma can be life-threatening, primarily because of its metabolic burden and complications. It is mandatory to establish its etiopathology in order to facilitate precise and definitive management. This disorder may be the morphologic presentation of a variety of cutaneous and systemic diseases. Detailed history and thorough work-up is therefore essential. Management of erythroderma involves multi-disciplines with progress monitoring especially on signs and symptoms suggestive of acute skin failure induced complications...
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473683/positron-emission-mammography-is-a-useful-adjunct-in-assessment-of-dense-breasts
#15
S K Kumar, P B Trujillo, G R Ucros
Worldwide breast cancer remains as the most common malignancy in women and the numbers who form a subgroup with dense breast parenchyma are substantial. In addition to mammography, the adjuncts used for further evaluation of dense breasts have been anatomically based modalities such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. The practice of functionally based imaging of breasts is relatively new but has undergone rapid progress over the past few years with promising results. The value of positron emission mammography is demonstrated in patients with dense breasts and mammographically occult disease...
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473682/bilateral-microtia-canal-atresia-and-aplasia-of-cochleovestibular-nerve
#16
A Asma, A R Roslenda, I Fadzilah, A Mazita, M B Marina, A Ab Aziz
A six-month-old baby with congenital patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), bilateral microtia and canal atresia was referred for hearing assessment. The audiology assessment revealed bilateral profound hearing loss, which is atypical for a case of pure canal atresia. Imaging was performed much earlier than usual and, as suspected, the patient also had bilateral severe inner ear anomaly. It is extremely rare for a person to have both external and inner ear anomaly because of the different embryological origin. The only suitable hearing rehabilitation option for this kind of patients is brainstem implant...
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473681/pregnancy-and-dumping-syndrome-post-bariatric-surgery-a-case-report
#17
D E Edawati, J Abigail, K Mardiana, C Ming-Cheng, N S Harris
This case report discusses dumping syndrome in the postbariatric mother. Diagnostically a challenge, the symptoms of postprandial hypoglycaemia mimic common early gestation complaints and may go undiagnosed, thus requiring a high index of suspicion. As weight-loss surgery gains traction, it is pertinent to note at booking and followups. The pregnancy is at-risk and multidisciplinary team management is central. The mainstay of management remains diet modification. There have been case reports of successful medical treatment of dumping syndrome in pregnancy with good maternal and fetal outcomes...
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473680/bilateral-central-retinal-vein-occlusion-in-a-pregnant-lady
#18
M A Loh, S Abirami, M F Chong
We report a rare case of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in pregnancy. There was dramatic deterioration of vision in both eyes through pregnancy despite repeated attempts of laser treatment and systemically controlled diabetes. Significant improvement was noted postpartum. Pregnancy is an aggravated factor of bilateral CRVO.
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473679/epiploic-appendagitis-an-uncommon-surgical-diagnosis
#19
A Michael, Y Zakry, H Hanif
Epiploic appendagitis or appendices epiploicae, is a rare cause of abdominal pain in patients with mild signs of abdominal pathology. It mimics diverticulitis or appendicitis clinically as there are no pathognomonic features. It is a surgical diagnosis presenting with localised, sharp, acute abdominal pain, not associated with symptoms like nausea, vomiting, fever or suggestive laboratory values. With the availability of abdominal CT scans and ultrasound, it will frequently be a differential diagnosis preventing unnecessary surgery for patients...
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473678/antenatal-diagnosis-and-management-of-foetal-intestinal-volvulus
#20
K W Yip, Y K Y Cheng, T Y Leung
In-utero intestinal volvulus is a rare but potential life threatening foetal complications. It is a surgical emergency and delay in diagnosis or treatment can increase the morbidity and mortality to the foetus. We report a case of mild foetal bowel dilatation diagnosed at 21 weeks of gestation. She was closely follow up and at 31 weeks of gestation, in-utero intestinal volvulus was diagnosed with the characteristic 'whirlpool' sign on ultrasound examination. This case emphasises the importance of early recognition and quick decision to delivery when intestinal volvulus is diagnosed...
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
journal
journal
23091
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"