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Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Taowu Ma, Meng Wang, Shuangjiao Gong, Bin Tian
The environmental factors are expected to affect the ecotoxicity of heavy metals in the presence of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) in aquatic ecosystems. However, in sediment scenario, little is known regarding their impacts on the ecotoxicity of co-exposure of sediment-associated heavy metals and NPs. This study evaluated the impacts of different levels of organic matter (OM) (4.8-11.6%) and pH (6-9) on the ecotoxicological effects of co-exposure of sediment-associated titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs) and cadmium (Cd) to a freshwater gastropod Bellamya aeruginosa...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Biljana Balabanova, Trajče Stafilov, Robert Šajn, Claudiu Tănăselia
Attic dusts were examined as historical archives of anthropogenic emissions, with the goal of elucidating the enrichment pathways associated with hydrothermal exploitation of Cu, Pb, and Zn minerals in the Bregalnica River basin in the eastern part of the Republic of Macedonia. Dust samples were collected from 84 settlements. Atomic emission spectrometry and mass spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma were applied as analytical techniques for the determination of 69 element contents. Multivariate analysis was applied for the extraction of dominant geochemical markers...
November 29, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Hua-Bing Li, Yang-Guang Gu, Rong Wang, Hui-Bin Lu
The toxicity and mobility of metals in the environment are driven by their specific chemical forms and binding states. However, heavy metal fractionation in sediments from plateau deep lakes in China is rare. This study analyzed surface sediments collected from Fuxian Lake, the largest deep freshwater lake in China; parameters examined included total metal concentrations, chemical partitioning, and biological risk assessment. The average total concentrations (mg/kg) were 7.9 for Cd, 97.6 for Pb, 102.8 for Cr, 60...
November 29, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Zhi-Feng Zhou, Ming-Xia Wang, Xiao-Hu Zuo, Yan-Hong Yao
Agricultural soils in oilfields have high risk for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) pollution. In this study, from the Jianghan Oilfield (Hubei Province, China) with a history of >50 years, 7 soil samples (OS-1 to OS-7) were collected. Subsequently, the bacterial, archaeal, and fungal community structures were investigated by Illumina MiSeq sequencing, and the relationship between microbial community structure and soil PAH content was analyzed. The results indicated that bacterial and archaeal Chao 1 indices showed a significantly negative relationship with soil PAH content, and only the bacterial Shannon index had a significantly negative relationship with soil PAH content...
November 29, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Adnan Husain, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Hing Man Chan, Brian Laird, Hanan Al-Amiri, Basma Dashti, Anwar Sultan, Amani Al-Othman, Bedraya Mandekar
Inorganic and organic forms of arsenic (As), as well as omega-3 fatty acids were measured in 578 fish/seafood samples that belong to 15 species of commonly consumed seafood in Kuwait. Arsenic speciation data, with the toxicological profile of inorganic arsenic (iAs) and fish consumption rates were applied in a probabilistic risk assessment to estimate the risk from exposure to iAs. The nutritional benefits of omega-3-fatty acid levels in various species of fish were taken into consideration. Results showed that the mean daily intake of iAs through fish consumption among the Kuwaiti population was 0...
November 26, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Darren G Rumbold, Karl E Miller, Timothy A Dellinger, Nicole Haas
We determined mercury (Hg) concentrations in feathers of osprey (Pandion haliaetus), both nestlings (n = 95) and adults (n = 110), across peninsular Florida and the Florida Keys during February-August 2014. Feathers plucked from nestlings, aged 3-7 weeks, contained Hg concentrations that ranged from 0.338 to 45.79 mg/kg and averaged 6.92 ± 7.58 mg/kg (mean ± 1SD). Feathers shed from adults contained significantly higher concentrations ranging from 0.375 to 93.65 mg/kg, with an average of 17.8 ± 16...
November 23, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Raimunda Nonata Fortes Carvalho Neta, Gleyciane Lobato Barbosa, Hetty Salvino Torres, Débora Batista Pinheiro Sousa, Jonatas da Silva Castro, Débora Martins Silva Santos, Lígia Tchaicka, Zafira da Silva de Almeida, Erivania Gomes Teixeira, Audalio Rebelo Torres
Catfish have been used as a model system for studying biochemical mechanisms of biotransformation. The main goal of this study was to identify alterations in hepatic glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity and changes in the parental care pattern of a mouth-brooding catfish, Sciades herzbergii, as a biomarker of anthropogenic impact in a port area on the northeastern coast of Brazil. The fish were sampled from a natural reserve (A1 = reference site) and from an industrialized port area (A2 = impacted site)...
November 18, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Jino Son, Yun-Sik Lee, Sung-Eun Lee, Key-Il Shin, Kijong Cho
Bioavailability and toxicity of Cu, Mn, and Ni in Paronychiurus kimi were investigated after 28 days of exposure to OECD artificial soil spiked with these metals. Uptake and effect of Cu, Mn, and Ni on the reproduction of P. kimi were related to different metal fractions (water-soluble, 0.01 M CaCl2-extractable or porewater metal concentrations). Cu and Mn concentrations in P. kimi increased with increasing Cu and Mn concentrations in the soil, while Ni contents in P. kimi reached a plateau at a concentration higher than 200 mg/kg in soil...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Jordan Sky Oestreicher, Marc Lucotte, Matthieu Moingt, Émilie Bélanger, Christine Rozon, Robert Davidson, Frédéric Mertens, Christina A Romaña
In the Tapajós River region of the Brazilian Amazon, mercury (Hg) is a prevalent contaminant in the aquatic ecosystem. Few studies have used comprehensive chronological analyses to examine the combined effects of environmental and anthropogenic factors on Hg accumulation in sediments. Total mercury (THg) content was measured in sediments from eight floodplain lakes and (Pb)210 isotope analysis was used to develop a timeline of THg accumulation. Secondary data representing environmental and anthropogenic factors were analyzed using geo-spatial analyses...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Kensaku Kakimoto, Haruna Nagayoshi, Yoshimasa Konishi, Keiji Kajimura, Takeshi Ohura, Takeshi Nakano, Mitsuhiko Hata, Masami Furuuchi, Ning Tang, Kazuichi Hayakawa, Akira Toriba
The particle size distribution of chlorinated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (ClPAHs) in particulate matter (PM) in Japan is examined for the first time. PM was collected using a PM0.1 air sampler with a six-stage filter. PM was collected in October 2014 and January 2015 to observe potential seasonal variation in the atmospheric behavior and size of PM, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and ClPAHs. We found that the concentration of PAHs and ClPAHs between 0.5-1.0 μm and 1.0-2.5 μm markedly increase in January (i...
November 15, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
William G Lanza, Darío Achá, David Point, Jeremy Masbou, Lucia Alanoca, David Amouroux, Xavier Lazzaro
Periphyton relevance for methylmercury (MeHg) production and accumulation are now well known in aquatic ecosystems. Sulfate-reducing bacteria and other microbial groups were identified as the main MeHg producers, but the effect of periphyton algae on the accumulation and transfer of MeHg to the food web remains little studied. Here we investigated the role of specific groups of algae on MeHg accumulation in the periphyton of Schoenoplectus californicus ssp. (Totora) and Myriophyllum sp. in Uru Uru, a tropical high-altitude Bolivian lake with substantial fishing and mining activities accruing around it...
November 7, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Burton C Suedel, Justin L Wilkens, Alan J Kennedy
The resuspension of sediments caused by activities, such as dredging operations, is a concern in Great Lakes harbors where multiple fish species spawn. To address such concerns, smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) were exposed to uncontaminated suspended sediment (nominally 0, 100, 250, and 500 mg/L) continuously for 72 h to determine the effects on egg-hatching success and swim-up fry survival and growth. The test sediments were collected from two harbors: (1) fine-grained sediment in Grand Haven Harbor, Lake Michigan, and (2) coarser-grained sediment in Fairport Harbor, Lake Erie...
October 24, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Alejandra R Maldonado, Miguel A Mora, José L Sericano
For many years, it has been hypothesized that Neotropical migrants breeding in the United States and Canada accumulate organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) while on their wintering grounds in Latin America. We investigated the seasonal accumulation of persistent organic pollutant (POPs) in migrant and resident passerines in Texas, Yucatán, and Costa Rica collected during the fall, winter, and spring from 2011 to 2013. A total of 153 birds were collected, and all contained detectable levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and OCPs with dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) being the most predominant pesticide...
October 22, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Pamela Mariana Burella, Maria Fernanda Simoniello, Gisela Laura Poletta
The agricultural expansion over the past decades, along with the associated increase in the use of pesticides, represents a high risk for many wild species. Caiman latirostris is a South American caiman with many features that make it highly vulnerable to pesticide exposure. Considering previous finding on the genotoxicity of the glyphosate-based formulation Roundup(®) in this species, the aim of this study was to evaluate the possible stage-dependent effect of this compound on C. latirostris embryos through the Comet assay (CA), micronuclei (MN), and nuclear abnormalities (NA) tests...
October 22, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Varja Knežević, Tanja Tunić, Pero Gajić, Patricija Marjan, Danko Savić, Dina Tenji, Ivana Teodorović
Recovery after exposure to herbicides-atrazine, isoproturon, and trifluralin-their binary and ternary mixtures, was studied under laboratory conditions using a slightly adapted standard protocol for Lemna minor. The objectives of the present study were (1) to compare empirical to predicted toxicity of selected herbicide mixtures; (2) to assess L. minor recovery potential after exposure to selected individual herbicides and their mixtures; and (3) to suggest an appropriate recovery potential assessment approach and endpoint in a modified laboratory growth inhibition test...
October 18, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Magali Lucia, Hallvard Strøm, Paco Bustamante, Geir W Gabrielsen
The ivory gull is a high-Arctic species considered endangered in most parts of its breeding range. Ivory gulls must cope with both the reduction of sea ice cover triggered by climate change and increasing contaminant loads due to changes in global contaminant pathways. The objective of this study was to assess the concentration of 14 essential and nonessential trace elements at four colonies of ivory gulls breeding on Barentsøya, Svalbard, and the relationship between contaminant exposure and the diet of individuals...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Wenfeng Wang, Anne Wairimu Ndungu, Jun Wang
Occurrence and distribution of eight selected endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs), including estrone (E1), 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), 17α-estradiol (αE2), 17β-estradiol (βE2), estriol (E3), bisphenol A (BPA), 4-nonylphenol (NP), and 4-octylphenol (OP), were investigated in surface water and sediments of the Three Gorges Reservoir region (TGRR). The mean concentrations of E1, αE2, βE2, E3, EE2, BPA, NP, and OP were 10.3, 3.3, 3.7, 17.2, 7.8, 26.6, 10.8, and 32.3 ng L(-1) respectively in surface water and 2...
October 11, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Kavitha Ramadass, Thavamani Palanisami, Euan Smith, Srinithi Mayilswami, Mallavarapu Megharaj, Ravi Naidu
Earthworm toxicity assays contribute to ecological risk assessment and consequently standard toxicological endpoints, such as mortality and reproduction, are regularly estimated. These endpoints are not enough to better understand the mechanism of toxic pollutants. We employed an additional endpoint in the earthworm Eisenia andrei to estimate the pollutant-induced stress. In this study, comet assay was used as an additional endpoint to evaluate the genotoxicity of weathered hydrocarbon contaminated soils containing 520 to 1450 mg hydrocarbons kg(-1) soil...
October 8, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Álvaro Alonso, Eder García-Periñán, Julio A Camargo
Conventional acute tests are not suited to assess the effects of toxicants, because they do not use the concentrations that are usually found in natural ecosystems. By contrast, nonlethal realistic concentrations may cause deleterious effects on animal fitness as a consequence of behaviour impairment. Behaviour is a good integrative variable of complex biochemical and physiological processes. Therefore, bioassays based on behaviour are a useful tool in ecotoxicology. In this study, two bioassays were conducted: (1) acute bioassay (48 h) of acetone on the aquatic snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum, and (2) video-recording behavioural bioassay with pulse exposures to acetone to assess its effects on feeding behaviour...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Wenbo Deng, Xuxiang Li, Zhisheng An, Liu Yang
Economic reforms in China since 1978 have promoted nationwide socioeconomic advancement but led to a considerable amount of environmental pollution. The distribution and sources of Pb in a typical peri-urban industrial part of Baoji, China, were assessed by determining the Pb contents and isotopic compositions in 52 topsoil samples from the study area. The topsoil samples were polluted averagely with 40.88 mg Pb kg(-1), was 1.86 times higher than the Pb content of local background soil (22.04 mg kg(-1)). Pb isotopic compositions were determined by analyzing samples prepared using total digestion and acid extraction methods...
September 23, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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