Read by QxMD icon Read

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Marina F M Santana, Fabiana T Moreira, Camilo D S Pereira, Denis M S Abessa, Alexander Turra
The environmental impact of microplastics is a challenging theme, especially under realistic experimental conditions. We investigated physiological responses to 0.1-1.0 μm PVC particles intake by the mussel Perna perna after a relative long-term exposure (90 days) at a less extreme concentration compared with previous studies (0.125 g/L). Microplastic intake was inferred by the presence of PVC in the feces of mussels, and physiological damages were assessed through ingestion rate, assimilation efficiency, growth rate, cellular and molecular biomarkers (lysosomal integrity, lipid peroxidation, and DNA damage), and condition index...
January 19, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Mark S Castro, Robert H Hilderbrand, Morgan Kaumeyer
The purpose of this study was to increase our understanding of the bioaccumulation of mercury in northern two-lined salamanders (Eurycea bislineata bislineata) in freshwater stream ecosystems. We collected 111 adults and 131 larval northern two-lined salamanders from six streams in Garrett County, Maryland. These salamanders were collected in April, July, and September 2010. We measured the size and tissue mercury content in all of these salamanders. We also measured the total and methyl mercury concentrations in stream water on monthly basis from April through December 2010...
January 13, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Davor Želježić, Snježana Herceg Romanić, Darija Klinčić, Marijana Matek Sarić, Judita Grzunov Letinić
This study investigated the levels and distribution of 17 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (HCB, α-HCH, β-HCH, γ-HCH, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDD, and p,p'-DDT) in placenta samples from women living in the coastal area of Croatia. During November 2012 to February 2013, 51 placenta samples were collected from healthy mothers. This study presents the first report about Croatian placenta samples. Each of the analysed compounds were found in all of the samples; all of the maximum values were < 1 ng g-1 w...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Emiko Kusanagi, Hitoshi Takamura, Shing-Jen Chen, Mayumi Adachi, Nobuko Hoshi
Exposure to methylmercury (MeHg) during the foetal and postnatal periods is known to have adverse effects on children's development. However, little attention has been paid to MeHg exposure during early childhood in Japan. To examine the regional differences in MeHg exposure and seafood consumption and the association between MeHg exposure and seafood consumption and dental metal restorations, we measured the total mercury (T-Hg) concentration in hair as an MeHg exposure index, and using questionnaires, we measured the frequency and amount of seafood consumption and the presence of dental metal restorations in 118 children aged 3-6 years in five regions of Japan...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Khosro Ashrafi, Reza Fallah, Mostafa Hadei, Marayam Yarahmadi, Abbas Shahsavani
There is a compelling need for apportionment of pollutants' sources to facilitate their reduction through proper management plans. The present study was designed to determine the contribution of each possible source of total suspended particles in Ahvaz's ambient air using positive matrix factorization (PMF), chemical mass balance (CMB), and the SPECIATE database. The sampling program undertaken followed EPA's guidelines and finally resulted in 74 samples. The concentration of 33 elemental and 10 ionic species were measured during a whole year...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Camila F Rutkoski, Natani Macagnan, Cassiane Kolcenti, Guilherme V Vanzetto, Paola F Sturza, Paulo A Hartmann, Marilia T Hartmann
Water sources used as reproductive sites by crying frog, Physalaemus gracilis, are extensively associated with agroecosystems in which the herbicide atrazine is employed. To evaluate the lethal and sublethal effects of atrazine commercial formulation, acute and chronic toxicity tests were performed in the embryonic phase and the beginning of the larval phase of P. gracilis. Tests were started on stage 19 of Gosner (Herpetologica 16:183-190, 1960) and performed in 24-well cell culture plates. Acute tests had a duration of 96 h with embryo mortality monitoring every 24 h...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Renato I S Alves, Carolina S Machado, Cassio F Beda, Brisa M Fregonesi, Martí Nadal, Jordi Sierra, Josep L Domingo, Susana I Segura-Muñoz
Located in the southeast of Brazil, the Pardo River Basin has a large population and an economy focused on agriculture, with a strong predominance of the sugarcane agro-industry. The purpose of the study was to assess the water quality of the Pardo River Basin under a multivariate approach using limnological parameters, metal concentrations, and indicator bacteria. Nine sampling campaigns were performed during both the dry and rainy seasons. Element concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma spectrometry (ICP-MS, Perkin Elmer Elan 6000)...
January 5, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Pamela Y Quintas, Ana L Oliva, Mónica B Alvarez, Andres H Arias, Claudia E Domini, Mariano Garrido, Jorge E Marcovecchio
The goal of this study was to improve an already established reference method, such as the one devoted to organotin compounds determination (Reference Method for Marine Pollution Studies, No. 59, UNEP). The proposed upgrade consists of replacing the mechanical shaking by ultrasound energy and applying low temperature throughout the whole procedure. The optimization of the new operational conditions was performed by using a factorial design. Quality control was performed using a certified sediment reference material (PACS-2) for sediments (82...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Alexis M Korotasz, Albert L Bryan
Plants are an important mode of transfer of contaminants from sediments into food webs. In aquatic ecosystems, contaminant uptake by macrophytes can vary by path of nutrient uptake (roots vs. absorption from water column). Carnivorous plants likely have additional exposure through consumption of small aquatic organisms. This study expanded on previous research suggesting that bladderworts (Genus Utricularia) accumulate radiocesium (137Cs) and examined for (1) a potential association between sediment and plant concentrations and (2) differences in 137Cs accumulation among rooted and free floating Utricularia species...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
A I Martínez-Salcido, J Ruelas-Inzunza, B Gil-Manrique, O Nateras-Ramírez, F Amezcua
We assessed human health risk due to mercury (Hg) concentrations in fish from three coastal lagoons (Urías, Huizache, and Teacapán) in the SE Gulf of California. We also determined Hg distribution in muscle and liver of analyzed ichthyofauna and compared the results among studied areas according to tissue, season, and lagoon system by using multivariate analyses. Levels of Hg in most of the analyzed fish followed the sequence liver > muscle. The highest Hg levels in muscle (2.80 µg g-1 dw) and liver (9...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Yinhai Lang, Huaxuan Zhao, Ben Liu, Chunmiao Zhu
Sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were quantified by GC/MS in 30 soil samples of Liaohe estuarine reed wetland. The total concentrations of 16 PAHs ranged from 235 to 374 ng g-1, and seven carcinogenic PAHs concentrations were in the range of 83-109 ng g-1. A probabilistic carcinogenic potential for three age groups (including children, teenagers, and adults) exposed to soil PAHs via three pathways was quantitatively calculated based on Monte Carlo simulations. The 95th percentiles carcinogenic risks of PAHs for children, teenagers, and adults were 7...
December 29, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
S Seif, J F Provencher, S Avery-Gomm, P-Y Daoust, M L Mallory, P A Smith
Plastic debris is recognized as a widespread, common and problematic environmental pollutant. An important consequence of this pollution is the ingestion of plastic debris by wildlife. Assessing the degree to which different species ingest plastics, and the potential effects of these plastics on their health are important research needs for understanding the impacts of plastic pollution. We examined debris (plastic and other types) ingestion in three sympatric overwintering gull species (Herring gulls Larus smithsonianus, Great Black-backed Gulls Larus marinus, and Iceland Gulls Larus glaucoides) to understand how debris ingestion differs among species, age classes and sexes in gulls...
December 27, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Ángeles C Ochoa-Martínez, Elvia D Cardona-Lozano, Leticia Carrizales-Yáñez, Iván N Pérez-Maldonado
The purpose of this study was to evaluate lead exposure and its relationship with serum levels of predictive CVD biomarkers [asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (FABP4), adiponectin, and chemerin] in women living in San Luis Potosi, Mexico. A mean blood lead level (BLL) of 11.5 ± 9.00 μg/dL (mean ± standard deviation) was found after all blood samples were analyzed. Regarding serum predictive CVD biomarkers, mean serum level of 0.68 ± 0.38 μmol/L, 20.5 ± 16...
December 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Manabu Akahane, Shinya Matsumoto, Yoshiyuki Kanagawa, Chikage Mitoma, Hiroshi Uchi, Takesumi Yoshimura, Masutaka Furue, Tomoaki Imamura
Yusho, which refers to a mass poisoning caused by the ingestion of rice bran oil contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, and polychlorinated dibenzofurans, was first reported in October 1968 in Japan. Yusho patients suffer from various symptoms; however, after 40 years, some emerging symptoms have been attributed to aging. The prevalence of symptoms and diseases among Yusho patients and the general population was compared in this study. The data obtained from the survey among Yusho patients (1131 patients) by the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare of Japan in 2008 were compared with the data from a survey conducted among the general population...
December 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Magdalena Mikowska, Barbara Dziublińska, Renata Świergosz-Kowalewska
The main idea of the study was to assess how environmental metal pollution activates defence responses at transcription levels in the tissues of bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus). For this purpose, the metallothioneine (MT) genes expression (a well known biomarker of exposure and response to various metals) was measured. The real-time PCR method was used for relative quantification of metallothionein I and metallothionein II expressions in the livers, kidneys and testes of bank voles from six populations exposed to different contaminants, mainly zinc, cadmium and iron...
December 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Bartosz Piechowicz, Ewa Szpyrka, Lech Zaręba, Magdalena Podbielska, Przemysław Grodzicki
Plant protection products (PPPs) have been found increasingly in the environment. They pose a huge threat to bees, contributing to honeybee colony losses and consequently to enormous economic losses. Therefore, this field investigation was designed to determine whether their active ingredients (AIs) were transferred from raspberry plants to beehives located in the immediate neighbourhood of the crop and to what extent they were transferred. Every week for 2 months, samples of soil, raspberry leaves, flowers and fruits, worker bees, honeybee brood, and honey were collected and analysed for the presence of propyzamide, chlorpyrifos, iprodione, pyraclostrobin, boscalid, cypermethrin, difenoconazole, azoxystrobin, and pyrimethanil residues...
December 15, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Ram Naresh Bharagava, Gaurav Saxena, Sikandar I Mulla, Devendra Kumar Patel
Tannery wastewater (TWW) is of serious environmental concern to pollution control authorities, because it contains highly toxic, recalcitrant organic and inorganic pollutants. The nature and characteristics of recalcitrant organic pollutants (ROPs) are not fully explored to date. Hence, the purpose of this study was to characterize and identify the ROPs present in the treated TWW. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry data analysis showed the presence of a variety of ROPs in the treated TWW. Results unfolded that benzyl chloride, butyl octyl phthalate, 2,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid 3TMS, dibutyl phthalate, benzyl alcohol, benzyl butyl phthalate, 4-chloro-3-methyl phenol, phthalic acid, 2'6'-dihydroxyacetophenone, diisobutyl phthalate, 4-biphenyltrimethylsiloxane, di-(-2ethy hexyl)phthalate, 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, dibenzyl phthalate, and nonylphenol were present in the treated TWW...
December 14, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Ruijie Tan, Ruixia Liu, Bin Li, Xiaoling Liu, Zongsheng Li
Liao River Basin (LRB), located in northeast China, is one of seven largest river basins in China. The Daliao River Watershed (DLRW) is severely disturbed by human activities in the LRB. In this study, three rivers within the DLRW-Xi River (XR), Hun River (HR), and Daliao River (DLR)-were selected as sampling locations. The distribution, partitioning, and risk assessment of four endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs), e.g., bisphenol A (BPA), 17β-estradiol (E2), estrone (E1), and 17α-ethinyl estradiol (EE2), in the rivers were investigated...
December 12, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Maja Lazarus, Ankica Sekovanić, Tatjana Orct, Slaven Reljić, Jasna Jurasović, Đuro Huber
The influence of reproductive and (early) life stages on toxic metal levels was investigated in the brown bear (Ursus arctos), the largest mammalian predator species in Croatia. The purpose was to examine critical clusters in a population that might be at a higher risk of adverse health effects caused by metals as environmental contaminants. Levels of cadmium, mercury and lead in muscle, liver and kidney cortex of 325 male and 139 female bears, quantified by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, were analysed according to distinct bear life stages (young: cub, yearling, subadult; mature: adult)...
December 12, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Paul Westlund, Deniz Nasuhoglu, Siavash Isazadeh, Viviane Yargeau
High-throughput acute and chronic toxicity tests using Vibrio fischeri were used to assess the toxicity of a variety of fungicides, herbicides, and neonicotinoids. The use of time points beyond the traditional 30 min of an acute test highlighted the sensitivity and applicability of the chronic toxicity test and indicated that for some compounds toxicity is underestimated using only the acute test. The comparison of EC50 values obtained from acute and chronic tests provided insight regarding the toxicity mode of action, either being direct or indirect...
November 25, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"