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Pediatric Annals

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131926/erratum-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-asthma-clinical-implications
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131925/erratum-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-high-risk-populations-clinical-implications
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131924/when-an-orbital-infection-isn-t-infectious-at-all-a-review-of-orbital-inflammatory-syndrome
#3
Sadie A LaPonsie, Peter K Rabiah
Orbital inflammatory syndrome (OIS) includes a wide range of clinical manifestations and may initially be misdiagnosed as orbital cellulitis due similar symptoms of fever, periorbital swelling, and pain with eye movements. A diagnosis of OIS requires evaluation for underlying systemic disorders including autoimmune disorders and thyroid disease. Symptoms typically improve rapidly after initiation of steroid therapy, although recurrence can occur. This article presents an illustrative case of a 13-year-old girl with OIS...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131923/zika-virus-a-review-for-pediatricians
#4
Taylor Heald-Sargent, William Muller
For the past several years, the Zika virus has been a topic of conversation among pediatric health care providers in many settings. This article provides current answers to many questions that may be posed to pediatricians, including inquiries about clinical presentation, testing, and prevention. Although infants born with congenital Zika syndrome often have microcephaly, there are other characteristic features, such as eye abnormalities, that one should recognize. Additionally, testing for the syndrome must be considered in all infants at risk for infection, including those who are asymptomatic at birth...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131922/prenatal-and-postnatal-genetic-testing-why-how-and-when
#5
Joan M Stoler
There have been major advances in genetic testing especially over the last 10 years. We have advanced from looking at simple chromosomes under a microscope to more sophisticated analysis of the DNA makeup of chromosomes and from testing a single gene to sequencing almost all of our genetic material. Similarly, in the field of prenatal testing we have made great strides in screening and diagnostic testing in the hope of detecting significant abnormalities in the fetus while decreasing the risk to the pregnancy...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131921/hot-topics-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#6
Irena Tsui, Alison Chu
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a condition seen in premature infants that is characterized by abnormal retinal blood vessel growth incited by relative hyperoxia and followed by hypoxia. It can have severe consequences ranging from high myopia to blindness. This article reviews recent "hot" topics related to ROP, specifically the changing incidence of ROP worldwide, the advent of predictive algorithms for screening for ROP, the emerging data behind efficacy of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatments for ROP, and advanced retinal imaging in children who were born premature...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131920/congenital-hyperinsulinism
#7
Elena Minakova, Alison Chu
Congenital hyperinsulinism is a rare disorder that commonly presents in the immediate postnatal period as persistent hypoglycemia. The condition is frequently resistant to medical therapies, and the genetic mutations implicated in the disorder can be predictive of response to therapy. Evaluation of hypoglycemia in the illustrative case presented in this article led to genetic testing identifying recessive mutations in the potassium channel subunits of the beta-islet pancreatic cells. Potassium channel defects are often refractory to medical therapies, so near-total pancreatectomy is usually indicated; however, genetic mutations leading to metabolic dysregulation within the beta-islet pancreatic cells are usually responsive to medical therapy...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131919/breast-feeding-friendly-but-not-formula-averse
#8
Juanita Lewis
Breast-feeding is the optimal source of newborn nutrition in term infants and is associated with multiple short- and long-term health benefits. Establishment of breast-feeding may be difficult in a small subset of mothers, which can lead to adverse consequences in the newborn. Some of the consequences of suboptimal nutritional provision to the newborn, such as severe hyperbilirubinemia and breast-feeding-associated hypernatremic dehydration, can have devastating and long-lasting sequelae. Timely identification of mothers and newborns at risk for developing these complications is necessary to avoid significant morbidity and mortality...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131918/neonatology-a-variety-of-presentations-diagnoses-and-treatments
#9
EDITORIAL
Alison Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131917/a-pediatrician-s-take-on-a-few-common-infant-urologic-and-gynecologic-issues
#10
Sabrina Fernandez
Urologic and gynecologic issues are common in a pediatric primary care office. This article focuses on the evaluation and management of a few common diagnoses in infants and young children: fetal hydronephrosis, labial adhesions, physiologic phimosis, and hydrocele. This article can help pediatricians decide when these common issues can be managed in the primary care office and when they need subspecialty guidance. [Pediatr Ann. 2017;46(11):e397-e399.].
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131916/relevant-neonatal-topics-of-interest
#11
EDITORIAL
Joseph R Hageman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019634/pain-assessment-in-newborns-infants-and-children
#12
Alexandra Beltramini, Kolia Milojevic, Dominique Pateron
Pain in children is underestimated and undertreated because of lack of pain assessment tools. Pain assessment depends on the cognitive development of the child being tested, clinical context, and pain typology. For children older than age 6 years, pain assessment is based on a self-report. For children younger than age 6 years, behavioral pain scales are needed to assess pain. Numerous pain scales exist. Many are reliable and some are recommended, but all have specific conditions for their use. In this article, we review the available pain scales for children from birth to adolescence...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019633/behavioral-health-disparities-among-children-and-youth-with-special-health-care-needs
#13
Anne Elizabeth Glassgow, Benjamin Van Voorhees
The burden of mental health morbidity, disability, and mortality in children is not equally distributed across populations in the United States. The consequence is widespread differences in health status between certain groups of children that result in systematic behavioral health disparities. In the US, an estimated 12.8% of children (9.4 million) have a special health care need. Mental, emotional, and behavioral problems and disorders are widespread among children and youth with special health care needs (CYSHCN), but are often undetected and untreated despite the adverse consequences to children throughout the life course...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019632/racial-and-ethnic-health-disparities-and-trauma-informed-care-for-children-exposed-to-community-violence
#14
Bradley C Stolbach, Seeba Anam
Racial and ethnic disparities in health outcomes and access have been consistently documented for a wide variety of physical and behavioral health conditions. Health inequities are most pronounced in areas with high levels of racial and ethnic segregation, where children and adolescents are also more likely to face economic inequality, which places them at high risk for exposure to neighborhood violence and traumatic loss. Community violence exposure (CVE) has been increasingly recognized as a prominent contributor to negative physical and mental health outcomes...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019631/disparities-in-life-course-outcomes-for-transition-aged-youth-with-disabilities
#15
Kruti Acharya, Regina Meza, Michael E Msall
Close to 750,000 youth with special health care needs transition to adult health care in the United States every year; however, less than one-half receive transition-planning services. Using the "F-words" organizing framework, this article explores life course outcomes and disparities in transition-aged youth with disabilities, with a special focus on youth with autism, Down syndrome, and cerebral palsy. Despite the importance of transition, a review of the available literature revealed that (1) youth with disabilities continue to have poor outcomes in all six "F-words" domains (ie, function, family, fitness, fun, friends, and future) and (2) transition outcomes vary by race/ethnicity and disability...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019630/prolonged-hospital-discharge-for-children-with-technology-dependency-a-source-of-health-care-disparities
#16
Sarah A Sobotka, Rishi K Agrawal, Michael E Msall
Children with ventilator assistance have been supported in living at home since 1981 when parental advocacy ushered in a change to Medicaid policy. As the population of children who use medical technology such as long-term ventilation increases, we must critically evaluate our systems for preparing families for home life. Discharge delays persist in the modern era because of fragmentation between hospital and home systems. These discharge delays result in children spending time in less developmentally rich environments, further exacerbating the health and development disparities of children with complex disabilities...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019629/health-disparities-and-child-development-after-prematurity
#17
Frances A Carter, Michael E Msall
There is increased recognition that preterm neonates require sequential surveillance to capture the spectrum of coordination, communication, learning, and behavior regulation disorders that may occur in the first 5 years of life and beyond. In particular, the framework of follow-up needs to go beyond the detection of cerebral palsy, blindness, and deafness in the first 2 years of life for only those at highest preterm risk (ie, <28 weeks gestation, with combinations of severe cranial sonographic abnormalities, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and retinopathy of prematurity)...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019628/health-care-disparities-among-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#18
EDITORIAL
Kruti Acharya, Michael E Msall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019627/dry-drowning-myths-and-misconceptions
#19
M Denise Dowd
Drowning is a leading cause of death in children and is highly preventable. More than 10 people die of drowning in the United States each day, most of them adults. Rates of drowning are highest in children given their developmental vulnerabilities. Drowning incidents that result in cardiopulmonary arrest have a straightforward emergency clinical response, but the management approaches to the more common scenario of brief, nonfatal submersion is less clear. Clinicians must make clinical-care decisions based on evidence to provide safe and effective care in a timely manner and to help families avoid unnecessary anxiety...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019626/the-challenges-of-caring-for-children-with-special-health-care-needs-pain-assessment-and-team-based-care
#20
EDITORIAL
Joseph R Hageman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
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