journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

NTM

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080034/-mr-database-jim-gray-and-the-history-of-database-technologies
#1
Nils C Hanwahr
Although the widespread use of the term "Big Data" is comparatively recent, it invokes a phenomenon in the developments of database technology with distinct historical contexts. The database engineer Jim Gray, known as "Mr. Database" in Silicon Valley before his disappearance at sea in 2007, was involved in many of the crucial developments since the 1970s that constitute the foundation of exceedingly large and distributed databases. Jim Gray was involved in the development of relational database systems based on the concepts of Edgar F...
October 27, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124299/big-data-praktiken-und-theorien-der-datenverarbeitung-im-historischen-querschnitt
#2
EDITORIAL
Cornelius Borck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101418/-the-big-data-game-on-the-ludic-constitution-of-the-collaborative-production-of-knowledge-in-high-energy-physics-at-cern
#3
Anne Dippel
This article looks at how games and play contribute to the big data-driven production of knowledge in High-Energy Physics, with a particular focus on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), where the author has been conducting anthropological fieldwork since 2014. The ludic (playful) aspect of knowledge production is analyzed here in three different dimensions: the Symbolic, the Ontological, and the Epistemic. The first one points towards CERN as place where a cosmological game of probability is played with the help of Monte-Carlo simulations...
December 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067488/-the-historicity-of-data-concepts-tools-and-practices-during-the-nineteenth-century
#4
Christine von Oertzen
This essay explores the use of the concept of "data" during the nineteenth century. It traces the development of manual data driven research decades before the introduction of Hollerith machines and electronic computers. Census statisticians in late-nineteenth century Prussia employed moveable paper tools to assemble numerical information in novel ways; their actions fundamentally recast processes of compilation. The paper considers the epistemic impact of moving data inscribed on tons of paper, reconstructing the logistics of a circulatory compilation system spread across the Prussian capital...
December 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058018/-big-data-revolution-or-data-hubris-on-the-data-positivism-of-molecular-biology
#5
Gabriele Gramelsberger
Genome data, the core of the 2008 proclaimed big data revolution in biology, are automatically generated and analyzed. The transition from the manual laboratory practice of electrophoresis sequencing to automated DNA-sequencing machines and software-based analysis programs was completed between 1982 and 1992. This transition facilitated the first data deluge, which was considerably increased by the second and third generation of DNA-sequencers during the 2000s. However, the strategies for evaluating sequence data were also transformed along with this transition...
December 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956071/-an-archive-for-science-state-and-nation-climatological-data-practices-in-switzerland-1860-1914
#6
Franziska Hupfer
In the second half of the nineteenth century, most European countries began to finance weather observation networks. As a result, climatological data practices changed fundamentally. Using the example of Switzerland, this paper examines the political, institutional and methodological dimensions of national data archives. The institutionalization of data collection within the national framework meant, on the one hand, that more observations were systematically made and published. On the other hand, it also meant that the monitoring was connected to state boundaries...
December 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815371/-side-effects-of-modernity-dam-building-health-care-and-the-construction-of-power-in-the-context-of-the-control-of-schistosomiasis-in-egypt-in-the-1960s-and-early-1970s
#7
Benjamin Brendel
This article analyzes the modernization campaigns in Egypt in the 1960s and early 1970s. The regulation of the Nile by the Aswan High Dam and the resulting irrigation projects caused the rate of schistosomiasis infestation in the population to rise. The result was a discourse between experts from the global north and Egyptian elites about modernization, development aid, dam building and health care. The fight against schistosomiasis was like a cipher, which combined different power-laden concepts and arguments...
September 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755015/diffusionen-und-irritationen-neue-studien-zur-geschichte-der-licht-und-strahlenforschung
#8
Monika Dommann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744564/nuance-lost-in-translation-interpretations-of-j-f-blumenbach-s-anthropology-in-the-english-speaking-world
#9
John S Michael
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach has been called 'The Father of Physical Anthropology' because of his pioneering publications describing human racial variation. He proposed a racial typology consisting of five 'major varieties/races' of humanity. Since the 1990s, Londa Schiebinger and other Anglophone scholars have argued that Blumenbach's writings on race show evidence that he was significantly influenced by nineteenth-century race supremacist beliefs which held Europeans/Caucasians to be the highest ranked and most beautiful race...
September 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721525/-epidemic-or-peripheral-phenomenon-a%C3%A2-medical-history-of-the-cocaine-wave-in-the-weimar-republic
#10
Hannes Walter
An empirical investigation refutes the popular conception that excessive drug usage was a widespread social phenomenon in the Weimar Republic. Although physicians warned the public and politicians of a "cocaine wave" that threatened the public health, there is no evidence that indicates a significant increase of cocaine use during the twenties. The decisive cause for this moral panic was caused instead by the disease pattern of "Cocainism". The addiction carried the imprint of an infectious disease and would destroy the body, the will, and the civic life of its victims...
September 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801759/rezension-review
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567483/-gender-norms-and-expertise-constructions-of-gender-in-psychiatrists-legal-opinions-in-imperial-germany-1871-1914
#12
Marcus B Carrier
This article focuses on notions of gender in psychiatrists' expert opinions written for lawsuits during the German Empire, 1871-1914. Four different narratives concerning gender can be identified in these testimonies. On the one hand, the reports describe women and men who did not conform to the gender stereotypes of the time. The psychiatrists found the non-conformist defendants to be of unsound mind. On the other hand, women and men who did conform to the gender stereotypes were also described. In those cases, however, "feminine" women were certified insane, whereas "masculine" men were accused of simulating a mental disease in order to avoid punishment...
June 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493034/-a%C3%A2-japanese-in-marburg-excerpts-from-the-memories-jiden-of-the-japanese-bacteriologist-taichi-kitashima-1870-1956
#13
Ulrike Enke, Aeka Ishihara
The heart of this article is the transmission of selected chapters from the Japanese bacteriologist Taichi Kitashima's (1870-1956) autobiographical memoirs (in Japanese, Jiden) published in 1955, in which Kitashima reports on his stay in Marburg in a very personal and subjective way. Like other Japanese physicians of his generation, Kitashima spent several years in Germany in order to work with the serum researcher Emil von Behring and continued his education there. The contact came through Kitashima's teacher Shibasaburô Kitasato, who had worked with Behring in Berlin on questions of immunology...
June 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527033/rezensionen-reviews
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500361/-live-animals-and-staged-nature-drawing-and-photography-in-german-popular-zoology-between-1860-and-1910
#15
Alexander Gall
It is the central thesis of this paper that the "biological perspective" (Lynn Nyhart) typical for Germany, with its interest in living animals, not only influenced natural history practices in many ways during the second half of the 19th century, rather also shaped the illustrations of popular zoology publications, as for example those in Brehms Thierleben. The illustrators of this period preferred to use live animals as models, which they studied in zoos. These animals were often depicted in their "natural" habitats...
May 12, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353011/on-power-neue-literatur-zur-energiegeschichte
#16
Patrick Kupper, Odinn Melsted, Irene Pallua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331939/rezensionen-reviews
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271150/german-water-infrastructure-in-china-colonial-qingdao-1898-1914
#18
Agnes Kneitz
Within the colorful tapestry of colonial possessions the German empire acquired over the short period of its existence, Qingdao stands out because it fulfilled a different role from settlements in Africa-especially because of its exemplary planned water infrastructure: its technological model, the resulting (public) hygiene, and the adjunct brewery. The National Naval Office (Reichsmarineamt), which oversaw the administration of the future "harbour colony"-at first little more than a little fishing village-enjoyed a remarkable degree of freedom in implementing this project...
March 7, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389682/-the-triumph-of-stupidity-deep-blue-s-victory-over-garri-kasparov-the-controversy-about-its-impact-on-artficial-intelligence-research
#19
Martina Heßler
The competition between the chess computer Deep Blue and the former chess world champion Garri Kasparov in 1997 was a spectacle staged for the media. However, the chess game, like other games, was also a test field for artificial intelligence research. On the one hand Deep Blue's victory was called a "milestone" for AI research, on the other hand, a dead end, since the superiority of the chess computer was based on pure computing power and had nothing to do with "real" AI.The article questions the premises of these different interpretations and maps Deep Blue and its way of playing chess into the history of AI...
March 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389681/-adna-research-from-a%C3%A2-historical-perspective
#20
Elsbeth Bösl
aDNA studies are a cooperative field of research with a broad range of applications including evolutionary biology, genetics, anthropology and archaeology. Scientists are using ancient molecules as source material for historical questions. Colleagues from the humanities are observing this with both interest and concern because aDNA research is affecting academic identities and both concepts of history and historiography. aDNA research developed in a way that can be described as a Hype Cycle (Chackie Fenn)...
March 2017: NTM
journal
journal
22982
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"