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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613376/a-material-history-of-electroshock-therapy-electroshock-technology-in-europe-until-1945
#1
Lara Rzesnitzek, Sascha Lang
The article considers the history of electroshock therapy as a history of medical technology, professional cooperation and business competition. A variation of a history from below is intended; though not from the patients' perspective (Porter, Theory Soc 14:175-198, 1985), but with a focus on electrodes, circuitry and patents. Such a 'material history' of electroshock therapy reveals that the technical make-up of electroshock devices and what they were used for was relative to the changing interests of physicians, industrial companies and mental health politics; it makes an intriguing case for the Social Construction of Technology theory (Bijker et al...
September 9, 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604994/-knowledge-on-loose-sheets-in-the-context-of-fixed-theories-theodor-leber-s-research-of-inflammation
#2
Dorina Stahl
At the end of the nineteenth century, after twelve years of intensive research, the ophthalmologist Theodor Leber (1840-1917) established the chemotaxis of leukocytes as part of inflammation research. Although at the time his theory was smoothly enlisted into immunological research, up until now his name has been connected to chemotaxis only in the English-language literature. Leber was able to use his experimental system to develop a theory of the chemical attraction of the leukocytes during inflammation processes by the beginning of the 1880s, but his unconventional methodology-introducing chemically neutral contaminants in order to trigger inflammation in the eyes of rabbits-contradicted the basic bacteriological Denkstil (style of thought) of inflammation research at the time...
September 7, 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567637/the-anthropocene-a-challenge-for-the-history-of-science-technology-and-the-environment
#3
Helmuth Trischler
In 2000, when atmospheric chemist Paul J. Crutzen and limnologist Eugene F. Stoermer proposed to introduce a new geological era, the Anthropocene, they could not have foreseen the remarkable career of the new term. Within a few years, the geological community began to investigate the scientific evidence for the concept and established the Anthropocene Working Group. While the Working Group has started to examine possible markers and periodizations of the new epoch, scholars from numerous other disciplines have taken up the Anthropocene as a cultural concept...
August 27, 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522642/what-are-words-worth-translating-transforming-and-trading-natural-history-and-scientific-commodities
#4
Alette Fleischer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 13, 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519635/rezensionen
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215209/-big-biology-supersizing-wissenschaft-zu-beginn-des-21-jahrhunderts
#6
Niki Vermeulen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209360/-epistemische-konkurrenz-zwischen-entwicklungsbiologie-und-genetik-um-1900-traditionen-begriffe-kausalit%C3%A3-t
#7
Robert Meunier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177636/introduction-cooperation-and-competition-in-the-sciences
#8
EDITORIAL
Kärin Nickelsen, Fabian Krämer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27173458/-kooperation-und-konkurrenz-die-neugr%C3%A3-ndung-des-instituts-f%C3%A3-r-sozialforschung-und-die-entstehung-der-frankfurter-schule
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165947/-not-available
#10
Gerhard Wiesenfeldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137509/-die-republik-gegen-das-kollektiv-zwei-geschichten-von-kollaboration-und-konkurrenz-in-der-modernen-wissenschaft
#11
Mary Jo Nye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160244/-erratum-to-drafting-interdisciplinarity-forms-of-thought-and-knowledge-production-in-the-federal-republic-of-germany-1955-1975
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059516/-drafting-interdisciplinarity-forms-of-thought-and-knowledge-production-in-the-federal-republic-of-germany-1955-1975
#13
Susanne Schregel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27032993/-on-the-formation-process-of-the-atmospheric-sciences-in-the-frg-since-1968
#14
Gregor Lax
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27023114/-in-process-citation
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971957/-mental-illness-and-social-science-disaster-research-1949-1985
#16
Cécile Stephanie Stehrenberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26927289/-ernst-von-leyden-and-the-institutionalization-of-cancer-research-between-1896-and-1911
#17
Thorsten Kohl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26572680/-splitting-into-two-lines-the-historical-development-of-the-analytical-and-the-gas-ultracentrifuge
#18
Bernd Helmbold, Christian Forstner
In a historical perspective the ultracentrifuge is often taken as perfect example of a research technology according to Shinn and Joerges (Shinn and Joerges 2000, 2002). Research technologies are defined by a generic device, its own metrology and the interstitiality of the historical actors connected with the device. In our paper we give a detailed analysis of the development of the ultracentrifuge and thereby reveal two different lines of development: analytical ultracentrifuges and gas ultra centrifuges used for isotope separation...
December 2015: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26507379/-physicians-as-experts-of-the-integration-of-war-invalids-of-wwi-and-wwii
#19
Christine Wolters
After the First World War the large number of war invalids posed a medical as well as a socio-political problem. This needed to be addressed, at least to some extent, through healthcare providers (Versorgungsbehörden) and reintegration into the labour market. Due to the demilitarization of Germany, this task was taken on by the civil administration, which was dissolved during the time of National Socialism. In 1950, the Federal Republic of Germany enacted the Federal War Victims Relief Act (Bundesversorgungsgesetz), which created a privileged group of civil and military war invalids, whereas other disabled people and victims of national socialist persecution were initially excluded...
December 2015: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26507378/-the-roots-of-idiographic-paleontology-karl-alfred-von-zittel-s-methodology-and-conception-of-the-fossil-record
#20
Marco Tamborini
This paper examines Karl Alfred von Zittel’s practice in order to uncover the roots of so-called idiographic paleontology.The great American paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould (1941–2002) defined the discipline of idiographic paleontology as illustration and description of the morphological features of extinct species. However, this approach does not investigate macroevolutionary patterns and processes. On the contrary, the paleobiological revolution of the 1970s implemented an epistemic methodology that illustrates macrovelutionary patterns and laws by combining idiographic data with a nomothetic form of explanation...
December 2015: NTM
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