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Rhinology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367720/from-prevention-to-optimal-treatment-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#1
P W Hellings
Prevention of chronic rhinosinusitis remains a true societal challenge, as prevention of this highly prevalent non-communicable disease will significantly reduce socio-economic costs and improve the overall well-being of the large group of affected individuals. In alignment with the health priorities of national governments, prevention and cost-effective health care should be embraced by the Rhinologic community.
October 27, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364918/propofol-sedation-in-drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-without-an-anaesthesiologist-a-study-of-safety-and-feasibility
#2
Eva Kirkegaard Kiaer, Philip Tønnesen, Henrik Bredahl Sørensen, Niclas Rubek, Anne Hammering, Christine Møller, Anne Marie Hildebrandt, Poul Jørgen Jennum, Christian von Buchwald
BACKGROUND: Propofol sedation in Drug Induced Sedation Endoscopy (DISE) of the upper airway of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) without the presence of anesthesiologist has not been done before. Propofol sedation is normally administered by an anesthesiologist. This is the first study of this new method. METHODOLOGY: Based on the positive experience with Nurse-administered Propofol Sedation (NAPS) for endoscopic procedures in the departments of gastroenterology we wanted to test the set-up as method of propofol sedation for DISE procedures in our Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) department...
October 26, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352446/radiologic-changes-in-the-aging-nasal-cavity
#3
Kimia G Ganjaei, Zachary M Soler, Elliott D Mappus, Mitchell L Worley, Nicholas R Rowan, Guilherme J M Garcia, Lois J Matthews, Judy R Dubno, Mark A Eckert, Rodney J Schlosser
BACKGROUND: With an aging population, it is important to understand age-related anatomic changes in the nasal cavity and cribriform plate (CP) that may have clinical implications. METHODOLOGY: Computed tomography (CT) scans obtained for non-rhinologic conditions were divided into a young cohort (N=35, 18-34 years old) and an older adult cohort (N=32, 80-99 years old). Intranasal airspace volumes and bony anatomy of the CP were manually segmented using OsiriX software...
October 23, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219822/local-specific-immunoglobulin-e-among-patients-with-nonallergic-rhinitis-a-systematic-review
#4
Aneeza W Hamizan, Janet Rimmer, Salina Husain, Raquel Alvarado, Jessica Tatersall, William Sewell, Larry Kalish, Richard J Harvey
BACKGROUND: Allergen specific immunoglobulin can be present in the nasal mucosa of patients with non-allergic rhinitis (NAR). This condition is defined as local allergic rhinitis. However, the reported presence of nasal specific immunoglobulin E (nspIgE) among NAR is variable. The aim of this review was to summarize the studies which reported the presence of nspIgE among patients diagnosed as NAR. METHODS: Embase (1947- ) and Medline (1946-) were searched until 6th June 2017...
October 23, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221643/fibrin-tissue-adhesive-versus-nasal-packing-in-endoscopic-nasal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
James G Coey, Paula J Whittaker, Greg Williams, Umar H Ikram, Oliver J R Page
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that fibrin tissue adhesive (FTA) can act as an effective alternative to nasal packing in managing the postoperative symptoms of endoscopic nasal surgery. METHODOLOGY: MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for randomised controlled trials comparing FTA with nasal packing in endoscopic nasal surgery. The primary outcome of interest was bleeding; secondary outcomes included pain, nasal obstruction, infection, adhesions and the formation of granulation tissue...
September 17, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175337/responsiveness-and-minimal-clinically-important-difference-for-the-eq-5d-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#6
L P Hoehle, K M Phillips, M M Speth, D S Caradonna, S T Gray, A R Sedaghat
BACKGROUND: The 5-dimensional EuroQol questionnaire (EQ-5D) is validated to measure general health-related quality of life (QOL). Our objective was to determine the responsiveness and minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of the EQ-5D health utility value (EQ-5D HUV) and visual analog scale (EQ-5D VAS) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). METHODS: 203 adults undergoing medical management for CRS were prospectively recruited. General health-related QOL (using EQ-5D HUV and EQ-5D VAS) and CRS-specific QOL (using the 22-item Sinonasal Outcome Test [SNOT-22]) were measured at enrollment and a subsequent follow-up time point 2-12 months later...
September 3, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136707/comparison-of-efficacy-of-fluticasone-propionate-versus-clarithromycin-for-postoperative-treatment-of-different-phenotypic-chronic-rhinosinusitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
M Zeng, H Wang, B Liao, H Wang, X B Long, J Ma, J X Liu, P P Cao, Q Ning, Z Liu
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) can be divided to CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) and eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). There is little evidence on the efficacy of glucocorticoids and macrolides in different phenotypic patients. The aim of this study was to compare the benefit of glucocorticoids and macrolides following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in different phenotypic CRS. METHODS: This study was a prospective single-blind comparative effectiveness trial...
August 23, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194452/delivering-better-results-for-patients-through-core-outcomes-measuring-evidence-and-patient-participation
#8
EDITORIAL
W J Fokkens
Nasal obstruction is one of the most frequent and bothersome symptoms in rhinosinal disease. Although we are able to measure nasal airflow, the correlation between the feeling of nasal obstruction and objective measurements has been shown to be average at most. A significant proportion of the European population has a more or less deviated nasal septum and deviated septa have received a lot of attention from otorhinolaryngologists. In sharp contrast is the amount of hard evidence concerning septoplasty with or without turbinate surgery...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785413/multivariate-analysis-of-inflammatory-endotypes-in-recurrent-nasal-polyposis-in-a-chinese-population
#9
B Wei, F Liu, J Zhang, Y Liu, J Du, S Liu, N Zhang, C Bachert, J Meng
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) remains a challenging clinical problem due to its propensity for recurrence. However, data on the frequency of CRSwNP recurrence after surgery in China are rare. METHODS: 78 CRSwNP patients undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery were followed-up for 8 years and classified into recurrent and non-recurrent groups. A cluster analysis of the CRSwNP based on inflammatory endotypes was performed, and the endotypes were secondarily matched with clinical phenotypes...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656301/septoplasty-for-nasal-obstruction-due-to-a-deviated-nasal-septum-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
M M H T van Egmond, M M Rovers, A H J Tillema, N van Neerbeek
BACKGROUND: The status of current evidence for the effectiveness of septoplasty is unclear. This systematic review evaluates the effectiveness of a) septoplasty (with or without concurrent turbinate surgery) versus non-surgical management, and b) septoplasty with concurrent turbinate surgery versus septoplasty alone, for nasal obstruction due to a deviated nasal septum in adults. METHODOLOGY: Eligible for inclusion were randomised controlled trials and non-randomised designs comparing treatment strategies...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626844/self-reported-anxiety-and-depression-unchanged-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#11
K N Adams, T A Schuman, C S Ebert, W You, M O Tomoum, B A Senior
BACKGROUND: Prior research has established that anxiety and depression, as measured by the Hospital Anxiety Depression Score (HADS), are strongly correlated with disease-specific quality of life (Rhinosinusitis Disability Index - RSDI) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). We hypothesized that anxiety and depression would decrease after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), and furthermore that HADS would predict improvement in RSDI following surgery. METHODOLOGY: The study cohort from 2014 consisted of 99 CRS patients who underwent nasal endoscopy, RSDI, and HADS evaluation...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561922/the-presence-of-interleukin-13-in-nasal-lavage-may-be-a-predictor-of-nasal-polyposis-in-pediatric-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#12
J Manji, A Thamboo, M Tacey, C Garnis, N K Chadha
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal disease is a common feature of cystic fibrosis (CF) and can cause significant morbidity in these patients. Our objective was to determine if CF individuals with concomitant nasal polyposis (NP) express a unique profile of inflammation and if so, whether these inflammatory cytokine mediators have predictive value in identifying these individuals for prompt management by an Otolaryngologist. METHODOLOGY: Nasal lavage samples and clinical outcomes of disease severity were obtained from thirty-eight pediatric CF individuals...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561921/nasal-symptoms-epithelial-injury-and-neurogenic-inflammation-in-elite-swimmers
#13
B Steelant, V Hox, L Van Gerven, E Dilissen, E Dekimpe, A Kasran, S Aertgeerts, V Van Belle, K Peers, L J Dupont, P W Hellings, D M Bullens, S F Seys
BACKGROUND: A high burden of lower airway symptoms is found in elite swimmers. To what extent elite swimmers suffer from upper airway symptoms and how these associate with nasal inflammation is less clear. We here aimed to evaluate upper airway symptoms and nasal inflammation in elite athletes. METHODOLOGY: Elite swimmers, indoor athletes and age-matched controls were recruited. Upper airway symptoms were assessed by sino-nasal outcome test (SNOT)-22 questionnaire...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561920/the-symptom-burden-of-autonomic-dysfunction-is-positively-associated-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-status
#14
W C Chen, Y T Chang, S F Chen, W C Lin, Y Y Su, S D Luo
BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of the autonomic system can affect sinonasal physiological function and may exacerbate the symptom burden associated with rhinosinusitis. However, the association between autonomic dysfunction and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has seldom been studied. Here, we investigated the relationship between autonomic dysfunction and CRS. METHODS: Patients with CRS who failed medical treatment were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent pre-operative examinations and completed questionnaires, including the reflux symptom index (RSI) and the Sino-nasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22)...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561919/reconstruction-of-frontal-defects-with-calvarial-grafts
#15
S Dova, P D Karkos, J Constantinidis
BACKGROUND: There are many options for the reconstruction of frontal sinus wall defect resulting from injury, neoplastic lesions and aesthetic deformities. These mainly include autogenous grafts, allogenous grafts, and alloplastic materials. The aim of the present study is to report the advantages of using autogenous calvarial bone grafts over other reconstruction techniques, in the reconstruction of frontal defects. METHODS: We describe 16 consecutive cases of anterior frontal sinus defects between 2004 and 2015, in which calvarial bone grafts were used...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509830/the-accessibility-of-topical-treatment-in-the-paranasal-sinuses-on-operated-cystic-fibrosis-patients-assessed-by-scintigraphy
#16
K Aanaes, M C Alanin, K G Nielsen, M Moller Jorgensen, C von Buchwald, N Hoiby, H K Johansen, H H Johannesen, J Mortensen
BACKGROUND: Nasal irrigations with antibiotics are used to eradicate Pseudomonas aeruginosa from the upper airways in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and thereby avoid lung colonisations; nevertheless, the efficacy is uncertain. METHODOLOGY: The aim of this study was to investigate the accessibility and durability of solutions in the sinuses before and after sinus surgery. The participants irrigated their noses with radioactively marked saline and were evaluated using a dynamic SPECT/CT scan...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509829/fluorescein-transit-test-time-as-a-tool-to-assess-lacrimal-pump-function-after-diode-laser-transcanalicular-dacryocystorhinostomy-and-external-dacryocysto-rhinostomy
#17
E D Feijo, R M Limongi, S Matayoshi
BACKGROUND: Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is the gold standard surgical treatment for nasolacrimal duct obstruction. External DCR is the traditional approach (EXT-DCR); however, the advent of minimally invasive surgeries and the development of optic fiber and laser technologies have made it possible to perform laser transcanalicular DCR (T-DCR), a minimally invasive procedure. This study measured the fluorescein transit time (FTT) after EXT-DCR or T-DCR to evaluate the lacrimal drainage and lacrimal pump function after these two types of DCR...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509828/lower-airway-flow-influences-peak-nasal-inspiratory-flow-in-school-aged-children
#18
H Pite, L Pimenta, A C Henriques, I Marques, C Camarinha, A V Lourenco, I Almeida, L M Borrego, M Morais-Almeida
BACKGROUND: Rhinitis and asthma frequently coexist. Peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) objectively evaluates nasal obstruction. Lower airway flow's impact on PNIF has seldom been analysed in children. We aimed to study the associations between PNIF and: 1)forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) in children with allergic rhinitis and asthma and healthy controls; 2)allergic rhinitis and asthma control subjective evaluation. METHODS: Sequential assessments of PNIF before and after nasal decongestion and spirometry with bronchodilation test were performed in 65 children (6-12 years) with allergic rhinitis and asthma, and 24 gender, age-matched healthy controls...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476616/upregulation-of-extraneuronal-trpv1-expression-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps
#19
E Tóth, T Tornóczky, J Kneif, A Perkecz, K Katona, Z Piski, Á Kemény, I Gerlinger, J Szolcsányi, J Kun, E Pintér
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a multifactorial upper airway disease with unclear etiology. Neuronal Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and Ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channels have been implicated in the pathogenesis of CRS. We aimed to detect the expression of extraneuronal TRPV1 and TRPA1 receptors in nasal polyp (NP) tissue samples. METHODOLOGY: Samples were obtained from fourty-two CRS pateints with nasal polyp and sixteen healthy controls to measure receptor gene expression by quantitative PCR, protein localization by immunohistochemistry and cytokine profile by multiplex bead immunoassay...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476192/epos2012-has-better-specificity-compared-to-idsa2012-for-diagnosing-acute-bacterial-rhinosinusitis
#20
K Seresirikachorn, K Snidvongs, W Chitsuthipakorn, W Ruksakul, S Chusakul, J Kanjanaumporn, S Aeumjaturapat
BACKGROUND: Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) is a subtype of acute rhinosinusitis (ARS). To prevent excessive antibiotic prescribing, clinical criteria for diagnosing ABRS are presented in two major international guidelines from European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps (EPOS2012) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA2012). This study aims to assess accuracy of these criteria. METHODOLOGY: Patients with ARS were recruited. Clinical features were collected including discolored nasal discharge, facial pain, fever, double sickening, symptoms persisting longer than 10 days, and elevated serum C reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ERS)...
September 1, 2018: Rhinology
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