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Quintessence International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164184/interpretations-of-complications-following-third-molar-extraction
#1
Devorah Schwartz-Arad, Anat Lipovsky, Michal Pardo, Oren Adut, Eran Dolev
OBJECTIVE: Surgical removal of third molars is often associated with complications. The aim of the present study was to analyze the incidence of complications following extraction of third molars relative to the risk factors. METHOD AND MATERIALS: This retrospective study included 463 patients who had mandibular third molar extraction (performed by a single surgeon, DSA) in the years 2001 to 2011. In total, 665 mandibular third molars were extracted. The average patient's age was 29 ± 11...
November 21, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164183/removal-of-a-severely-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-minimizing-the-risks-of-compromised-periodontium-nerve-injury-and-mandibular-fracture
#2
Christos Tsamis, Stylianos Rodiou, Athanasios Stratos, Nikolaos Gkantidis
A technique is presented for severely impacted and dentigerous-cyst-related mandibular third molar removal, avoiding any associated risks. CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy patient complained about unpleasant smell and taste in the mouth and unilateral extraoral palpation of a protuberance, at the right corner of the mandible. Restricted field CBCT showed a severely impacted third molar, which penetrated the inferior cortical bone of the mandibular corner and was associated with a dentigerous cyst that had resorbed considerable bone in the region...
November 21, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164182/replantation-of-an-avulsed-tooth-after-one-day-of-storage-in-adverse-extraoral-dry-conditions-acceptable-outcome-after-a-10-year-follow-up
#3
Lluís Brunet-Llobet, Eduard Lahor-Soler, Jaume Miranda-Rius
This article reports a clinical case of a 10-year-old boy who sustained an avulsion of the maxillary right central incisor. The avulsed tooth was kept in adverse extraoral dry conditions for 26 hours from the moment of trauma until its replantation. Treatment guidelines for avulsed mature permanent teeth with closed apex were only partially followed. However, the clinical and radiographic findings after 10 years revealed acceptable functional outcome, in spite of ankylosis and root resorption of the replanted tooth, which was eventually treated cosmetically...
November 21, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164181/gingival-depigmentation-using-er-yag-laser-and-scalpel-technique-a-six-month-prospective-clinical-study
#4
Rola Alhabashneh, Obaida Darawi, Yousef S Khader, Lama Ashour
OBJECTIVE: To compare the 6-month clinical efficacy of Er:YAG laser and standard scalpel technique in treating gingival hyperpigmentation. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Patients requesting treatment for moderate to severe gingival hyperpigmentation in the maxilla were enrolled in this split-mouth study. The contralateral maxillary sides were randomly assigned to receive either Er:YAG laser (continuous wavelength of 2,940 nm) with a noncontact tip or the standard scalpel technique...
November 21, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114647/the-effect-of-orthodontic-treatment-on-periodontal-tissue-inflammation-a-systematic-review
#5
Carmine Verrusio, Vincenzo Iorio-Siciliano, Andrea Blasi, Stefania Leuci, Daniela Adamo, Michele Nicolò
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present systematic review was to evaluate the periodontal tissue inflammation indexes in patients undergoing different orthodontic treatment. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The Cochrane Oral Health Group specialist trials, Medline, and Embase databases were used for the research. All the included studies had to report bleeding on probing (BOP) depth as primary outcome. Changes in probing depth, clinical attachment level, Gingival Index, and Periodontal Index were included in the review as secondary outcome measurements...
November 7, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114646/the-retromolar-canal-and-its-variations-classification-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#6
Penporn Luangchana, Suchaya Pornprasertsuk-Damrongsri, Jira Kitisubkanchana, Chanchai Wongchuensoontorn
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of the retromolar canal and its various patterns using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHOD AND MATERIALS: CBCT images with the presence of mandibular third molars from August 2013 to May 2015 were retrospectively investigated. The presence of retromolar canal, its patterns, sides, as well as gender were evaluated by two observers. The pattern of retromolar canal was initially classified into three types: Type A, superior type; Type B, radicular-retromolar type; and Type C, dental type...
November 7, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990017/associations-between-patients-understanding-of-periodontal-disease-treatment-compliance-and-disease-status
#7
Benjamin Hughes, Giseon Heo, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between patients' understanding of periodontal disease, their individual compliance to homecare, self-reported periodontal disease, and how they have been educated regarding their oral health. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A cross-sectional study was performed by distributing questionnaires to patients at the University of Alberta Dental Clinic. A survey consisting of 45 questions was constructed in order to quantify patients' understanding of periodontal disease (section 1), where they received their information, how often they have been instructed by dental practitioners, their homecare habits (section 2), and their self-reported periodontal status (section 3)...
October 6, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990015/efficacy-of-the-twin-block-a-peripheral-nerve-block-for-the-management-of-chronic-masticatory-myofascial-pain-a-case-series
#8
Veena Kanti, Sowmya Ananthan, Gayathri Subramanian, Samuel Y P Quek
Masticatory myofascial pain is the one of the most common etiologies for nonodontogenic pain, often characterized by the presence of trigger points. Conventional management includes approaches such as jaw exercises, physical therapy, intraoral appliances, medications, and trigger point injections. Peripheral/regional nerve blocks have shown to be effective in managing myogenous pain conditions. The twin block is a nerve block that blocks both the masseteric and the anterior deep temporal nerves. The objective of this case series is to illustrate expeditious and sustained efficacy of the twin block in the management of chronic masticatory myofascial pain...
October 6, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990014/atypical-root-resorption-following-root-fractures-in-primary-teeth
#9
Ok Hyung Nam, Mi Sun Kim, Gyu-Tae Kim, Sung Chul Choi
Atypical root resorption (ARR) is the condition of a superficial and circumferential resorption process along the lateral and/or apical root surface of a primary maxillary incisor. This case series demonstrates longitudinal observations of six patients with atypical root resorption following root-fractured primary incisors. The characteristics of atypical root resorption were different from pathologic root resorption.
October 6, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990013/primary-oral-melanoma-a-clinicopathologic-review-and-case-presentation
#10
Mayara Santos de Castro, Bruno Saulo de Assis Reis, Denismar Alves Nogueira, Marina Lara de Carli, João Adolfo Costa Hanemann, Alessandro Antônio Costa Pereira, Oslei Paes de Almeida, Felipe Fornias Sperandio
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this manuscript is to present a clinicopathologic review of the literature concerning all the detailed cases of primary oral melanoma (OM) that were confirmed by immunohistochemistry. In addition, a pertinent case presentation is addressed. DATA SOURCES: An extensive electronic search of the literature was performed using PubMed/Medline from 1953 to 2017. Relevant articles were selected based on specific inclusion criteria. Statistical analyses were conducted by the Shapiro-Wilk, Fisher's exact, chi-square, and Z tests (α = ...
October 6, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944380/bleaching-efficacy-of-ozone-hydrogen-peroxide-versus-hydrogen-peroxide-ozone-application
#11
Mahmoud K Al-Omiri, Ra'ed S Abul Hassan, Andrej M Kielbassa, Edward Lynch
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of tooth bleaching after using ozone, before and after application of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). METHOD AND MATERIALS: In total, 120 extracted teeth were assigned to three groups (n = 40 in each group). Teeth were bleached using 38% H2O2 application for 20 minutes followed by use of the ozone (delivered by means of the healOzone X4 device) for 60 seconds in group 1, via ozone for 60 seconds then 38% H2O2 for 20 minutes in group 2, and via 38% H2O2 for 20 minutes (plus normal air, delivered by the healOzone X4 device for 60 seconds) in group 3 (control)...
September 22, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944379/septic-arthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-after-acute-otitis-media-in-a-child
#12
Kathia Dubron, Jan Meeus, Koenraad Grisar, Stefanie Desmet, Titiaan Dormaar, Yannick Spaey, Constantinus Politis
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint as a complication of acute otitis media is rare in the Western world. This report describes the case of a 7-year-old boy who had pain in his right ear and limited mouth opening, following the onset of acute otitis media. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan revealed right-sided mastoiditis and hydrops of the right temporomandibular joint, suggesting septic arthritis. Real-time PCR and microbiologic analysis identified Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus epidermidis in the joint aspirate...
September 22, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944378/treatment-of-single-and-multiple-miller-class-i-and-iii-gingival-recessions-at-crown-restored-teeth-in-maxillary-esthetic-areas
#13
Anton Sculean, Raluca Cosgarea, Christos Katsaros, Nicole Birgit Arweiler, Richard John Miron, Herbert Deppe
OBJECTIVE: To clinically evaluate the outcomes following surgical coverage of single and multiple Miller Class I and III gingival recessions at crown-restored teeth in the esthetic area by means of the modified coronally advanced tunnel (MCAT). METHOD AND MATERIALS: Eight systemically healthy patients (5 females) with a total of 23 single or multiple maxillary Miller Class I or III gingival recessions were consecutively treated with MCAT in conjunction with a subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG)...
September 22, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849806/digital-cross-mounting-a-new-opportunity-in-prosthetic-dentistry
#14
Pietro Venezia, Ferruccio Torsello, Salvatore D'Amato, Raffaele Cavalcanti
The prosthodontic management of complex rehabilitations requires several stages of treatment including one or more provisional restorations. The design and adjustments of the provisional are made to achieve an optimal functional and esthetic outcome for the patient. However, the adjustments needed are both time and cost consuming. Therefore, once a satisfactory provisional is made, the information should not be lost during the following stages of treatment. The purpose of this clinical case is to illustrate "digital cross-mounting," a procedure used to precisely transfer information from the provisional to the final fixed rehabilitation in a digital workflow...
August 25, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849805/association-between-oral-tori-occlusal-force-and-mandibular-cortical-index
#15
Ziad N Al-Dwairi, Ala' N F Al-Daqaq, Andrej M Kielbassa, Edward Lynch
OBJECTIVE: To assess possible associations between torus palatinus (TP), torus mandibularis (TM), occlusal force (OF), Klemetti's classes, mandibular cortical index (MCI), and sociodemographic variables in a selected sample of Jordanians. Previous studies have suggested that oral tori are benign anatomical variations probably related to several factors such as functional stress, gender predisposition, number of teeth present, and nutritional factors. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A total of 130 Jordanian adults were included...
August 25, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849804/two-year-clinical-performance-of-sonic-resin-placement-system-in-posterior-restorations
#16
Didem Atabek, Nagehan Aktaş, Didem Sakaryali, Mehmet Bani
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this split-mouth randomized controlled study was to compare the 2-year clinical performance of two restorative techniques and materials for posterior permanent carious teeth. METHOD AND MATERIALS: After signing informed consent, 30 patients aged between 7 and 16 received two Class 1 restorations on cavities on permanent first or second molar teeth performed with one of two systems: incrementally placed conventional posterior composite resin (Herculite Ultra, Kerr), and sonic-resin placement system (SonicFill, Kerr) with single-component self-etch adhesive system (Kerr) according to the manufacturers' directions...
August 25, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740974/wound-closure-and-wound-healing-suture-techniques-in-contemporary-periodontal-and-implant-surgery-interactions-requirements-and-practical-considerations
#17
Otto Zuhr, Dodji Lukas Akakpo, Markus Hürzeler
In contemporary reconstructive periodontal and implant surgery, attaining uncomplicated wound healing in the early postoperative healing phase is the key to achieving a successful treatment outcome and is of central interest, from the clinical as well as the scientific perspective. The realization of primary wound healing is the central challenge in most cases. Two of the evidence-based factors that affect postoperative wound healing can be influenced by the surgeon: the blood supply to the surgical site and postoperative wound stability...
July 20, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740973/prosthodontic-treatment-of-an-angle-iii-class-malocclusion-a-case-report
#18
Andreja Kuliš, Igor Kopač
Patients with an Angle Class III malocclusion are generally treated by orthodontics with or without orthognathic surgery. A literature search revealed very few articles describing solely the prosthodontic treatment of a Class III malocclusion, as it is rarely used as a treatment modality in these cases. The purpose of this article is to show the effects and benefits of an increase in the vertical dimension of the occlusion (VDO) in patients with a Class III malocclusion. An increase in the VDO causes a clockwise rotation of the mandible, thereby increasing the reverse overjet...
July 20, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740972/in-vivo-microbiologic-evaluation-of-polytetrafluoroethylene-and-cotton-as-endodontic-spacer-materials
#19
Tina Olsson, Daniel Chan, James D Johnson, Avina Paranjpe
OBJECTIVE: Spacers are commonly placed between the canal orifice and the temporary material between endodontic treatment appointments. This prevents the temporary restoration material from obstructing the canal orifices and allows for easy removal. Various endodontic spacers are currently used, including polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) tape. Previous in-vitro studies have demonstrated the advantages of using PTFE over using cotton; however, no in-vivo studies have demonstrated this. Hence, the purpose of this study was to evaluate which spacer showed less bacterial leakage between endodontic treatments...
July 20, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740971/monolithic-lithium-disilicate-complete-single-crowns-with-feather-edge-preparation-design-in-the-posterior-region-a-multicentric-retrospective-study-up-to-12-years
#20
Johannes H Schmitz, Davide Cortellini, Stefano Granata, Marco Valenti
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study evaluated the clinical success and survival of monolithic lithium disilicate single crowns in the posterior region fabricated with feather-edge margins and cemented with resin-based self-etching cement. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In total, 627 pressed monolithic lithium disilicate restorations on posterior teeth (110 first premolars, 151 second premolars, 240 first molars, 121 second molars, 5 third molars) were placed in 335 patients...
July 20, 2017: Quintessence International
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