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Quintessence International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234743/association-of-periodontal-inflammation-systemic-inflammation-and-duration-of-menopausal-years-in-postmenopausal-women
#1
Neha Sharma, Rajinder Kumar Sharma, Shikha Tewari, Meenakshi Chauhan, Anu Bhatia
OBJECTIVE: The influence of menopause on vascular inflammation and systemic bone loss has been documented. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess the periodontal status, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HsCRP) level, and estrogen level in women with early menopause and women with normal menopause. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A total of 103 participants comprising normal menopausal women (n = 53) and early menopausal women (n = 50) were examined. Periodontal parameters, anthropometric parameters, and metabolic parameters including serum levels of HsCRP and estrogen were recorded...
December 11, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234742/tooth-movement-with-elastic-separators-before-ceramic-veneer-treatment-rearranging-asymmetric-diastemas-by-managing-the-horizontal-distance
#2
Leonardo Fernandes da Cunha, Brenda Procopiak Gugelmin, Ubiracy Gaião, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga, Gisele Maria Correr
The treatment of diastemas should be conservative to preserve tooth structure, and porcelain veneers provide an esthetic solution with minimal tooth preparation. However, asymmetric diastemas can be difficult to treat and may require redistribution of spaces. Additionally, extensive proximal restorations may negatively impact periodontal health. Minor tooth movement with elastic separators can be used to redistribute the interdental spaces and provide space for the interdental papilla. The aim of this paper was to present a clinical treatment involving the movement of peg-shaped maxillary lateral incisors with elastic separators to rearrange the spaces of asymmetric diastemas, thereby managing the horizontal distance during rehabilitation of the smile with minimally invasive ceramic veneers...
December 11, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234741/tooth-hypersensitivity-treatment-trends-among-dental-professionals
#3
Danielle Clark, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVE: Tooth hypersensitivity is a common complaint of patients who present to the dental office. The aim of this study was to survey dental professionals in an effort to understand the current treatment trends for tooth hypersensitivity. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A questionnaire that addressed possible treatments for tooth hypersensitivity was developed and validated. The survey included a case presentation in which the responders were requested to list a first and second line of treatment...
December 11, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234740/gender-influence-on-the-number-of-roots-and-root-canal-system-configuration-in-human-permanent-teeth-of-a-portuguese-subpopulation
#4
Jorge N R Martins, Duarte Marques, Helena Francisco, João Caramês
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate in vivo, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), the differences between genders regarding the number of roots and root canal morphology. METHOD AND MATERIALS: An existing CBCT scan database was accessed and the scans were divided in two groups according to gender. Tooth inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied. The examined teeth were classified according to the number of roots, and the root canal system was classified according to Vertucci classification...
December 11, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192294/primary-burning-mouth-syndrome-literature-review-and-preliminary-findings-suggesting-possible-association-with-pain-modulation
#5
Cibele Nasri-Heir, Diana Shigdar, Deyaaeddin Alnaas, Olga Anna Korczeniewska, Rotem Eliav, Gary M Heir
Primary burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic pain of a burning quality affecting the tongue and intraoral mucosa. Currently, there are no definite diagnostic criteria; therefore, the diagnosis is made by exclusion of potential local and systemic causes that could justify the burning sensation. The etiology behind primary BMS remains unclear; however, the most acceptable theories link primary BMS with neuropathic pain. This article provides a review of primary BMS diagnosis, mechanisms, and treatment with focus on the association of BMS with pain modulation...
November 30, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192293/digital-evaluation-of-the-fit-of-zirconia-reinforced-lithium-silicate-crowns-with-a-new-three-dimensional-approach
#6
Moritz Zimmermann, Andre Valcanaia, Gisele Neiva, Albert Mehl, Dennis Fasbinder
OBJECTIVE: Several methods for the evaluation of fit of computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM)-fabricated restorations have been described. In the study, digital models were recorded with an intraoral scanning device and were measured using a new three-dimensional (3D) computer technique to evaluate restoration internal fit. The aim of the study was to evaluate the internal adaptation and fit of chairside CAD/CAM-fabricated zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramic crowns fabricated with different post-milling protocols...
November 30, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192292/association-between-central-papilla-recession-and-gingival-and-interdental-smile-line
#7
Abhay P Kolte, Rajashri A Kolte, Anshuka A Agrawal, Tushar Shrirao, Kamal Mankar
OBJECTIVE: Interdental soft tissues play a critical role in pink esthetics. The presence and preservation of the interdental papillae in the esthetic zone is as crucial as the shape and contour of the anterior teeth in achieving an esthetically pleasing smile. The present study determines the association of central papilla recession with gingival and interdental smile line in periodontally healthy patients of different age groups. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The present study included 200 patients equally divided into 21 to 40 years and 41 to 60 years age groups...
November 30, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164184/interpretations-of-complications-following-third-molar-extraction
#8
Devorah Schwartz-Arad, Anat Lipovsky, Michal Pardo, Oren Adut, Eran Dolev
OBJECTIVE: Surgical removal of third molars is often associated with complications. The aim of the present study was to analyze the incidence of complications following extraction of third molars relative to the risk factors. METHOD AND MATERIALS: This retrospective study included 463 patients who had mandibular third molar extraction (performed by a single surgeon, DSA) in the years 2001 to 2011. In total, 665 mandibular third molars were extracted. The average patient's age was 29 ± 11...
November 21, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164183/removal-of-a-severely-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-minimizing-the-risks-of-compromised-periodontium-nerve-injury-and-mandibular-fracture
#9
Christos Tsamis, Stylianos Rodiou, Athanasios Stratos, Nikolaos Gkantidis
A technique is presented for severely impacted and dentigerous-cyst-related mandibular third molar removal, avoiding any associated risks. CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy patient complained about unpleasant smell and taste in the mouth and unilateral extraoral palpation of a protuberance, at the right corner of the mandible. Restricted field CBCT showed a severely impacted third molar, which penetrated the inferior cortical bone of the mandibular corner and was associated with a dentigerous cyst that had resorbed considerable bone in the region...
November 21, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164182/replantation-of-an-avulsed-tooth-after-one-day-of-storage-in-adverse-extraoral-dry-conditions-acceptable-outcome-after-a-10-year-follow-up
#10
Lluís Brunet-Llobet, Eduard Lahor-Soler, Jaume Miranda-Rius
This article reports a clinical case of a 10-year-old boy who sustained an avulsion of the maxillary right central incisor. The avulsed tooth was kept in adverse extraoral dry conditions for 26 hours from the moment of trauma until its replantation. Treatment guidelines for avulsed mature permanent teeth with closed apex were only partially followed. However, the clinical and radiographic findings after 10 years revealed acceptable functional outcome, in spite of ankylosis and root resorption of the replanted tooth, which was eventually treated cosmetically...
November 21, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164181/gingival-depigmentation-using-er-yag-laser-and-scalpel-technique-a-six-month-prospective-clinical-study
#11
Rola Alhabashneh, Obaida Darawi, Yousef S Khader, Lama Ashour
OBJECTIVE: To compare the 6-month clinical efficacy of Er:YAG laser and standard scalpel technique in treating gingival hyperpigmentation. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Patients requesting treatment for moderate to severe gingival hyperpigmentation in the maxilla were enrolled in this split-mouth study. The contralateral maxillary sides were randomly assigned to receive either Er:YAG laser (continuous wavelength of 2,940 nm) with a noncontact tip or the standard scalpel technique...
November 21, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114647/the-effect-of-orthodontic-treatment-on-periodontal-tissue-inflammation-a-systematic-review
#12
Carmine Verrusio, Vincenzo Iorio-Siciliano, Andrea Blasi, Stefania Leuci, Daniela Adamo, Michele Nicolò
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present systematic review was to evaluate the periodontal tissue inflammation indexes in patients undergoing different orthodontic treatment. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The Cochrane Oral Health Group specialist trials, Medline, and Embase databases were used for the research. All the included studies had to report bleeding on probing (BOP) depth as primary outcome. Changes in probing depth, clinical attachment level, Gingival Index, and Periodontal Index were included in the review as secondary outcome measurements...
November 7, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114646/the-retromolar-canal-and-its-variations-classification-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#13
Penporn Luangchana, Suchaya Pornprasertsuk-Damrongsri, Jira Kitisubkanchana, Chanchai Wongchuensoontorn
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of the retromolar canal and its various patterns using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHOD AND MATERIALS: CBCT images with the presence of mandibular third molars from August 2013 to May 2015 were retrospectively investigated. The presence of retromolar canal, its patterns, sides, as well as gender were evaluated by two observers. The pattern of retromolar canal was initially classified into three types: Type A, superior type; Type B, radicular-retromolar type; and Type C, dental type...
November 7, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292407/the-association-between-health-attitudes-and-behaviors-and-oral-health-related-practices
#14
Efrat Aflalo, Rita Dichtiar, Shlomo Paul Zusman, Natalya Bilenko, Lital Keinan-Boker
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the association between health attitudes and behaviors, and oral health practices in Israel. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Secondary data analysis was performed of a cross-sectional national Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) survey in Israel. Univariate and multivariate analysis assessed the association between health attitudes and behaviors and oral health practices, namely tooth brushing frequency and routine dental clinic attendance...
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292406/does-the-adjunctive-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-to-bone-graft-during-sinus-augmentation-reduce-implant-failure-and-complication-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Rasha Imam Bayoumy Abdalla, Ahmed Yaseen Alqutaibi, Amal Kaddah
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic treatment of the posterior edentulous maxilla may require bone augmentation to enable the placement and integration of dental implants. This constitutes a complex healing situation, and resorption of the grafted bone and failure of the implants often occurs. The application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been suggested to improve incorporation and preservation of bone grafts. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the effectiveness of PRP on the implant failure and complication rate, when used as an adjunctive material with bone graft in sinus floor augmentation...
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292405/anterior-restorations-the-performance-of-ceramic-veneers
#16
Daniel Edelhoff, Otto Prandtner, Reza Saeidi Pour, Anja Liebermann, Michael Stimmelmayr, Jan-Frederik Güth
Adhesive bonding techniques in combination with tooth-colored restorative materials are one of the greatest achievements of restorative dentistry. Adhesively bonded veneers made from various silicate ceramic materials have contributed significantly to this. Ceramic veneers had long been considered to be only esthetic implements. However, their range of indications has been steadily increasing, making ceramic veneers a highly viable alternative to classic, far more invasive forms of restorative treatment. Today these veneers are used to restore the biomechanics of the dentition, to establish adequate function, to mask highly discolored endodontically treated teeth, and for many other purposes...
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292404/editorial-what-is-the-value-of-basic-researchers-in-dentistry
#17
Maria Febbraio, Patrick Flood, Liran Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243744/editorial-antibiotics-in-dentistry-be-responsible
#18
Monica Prasad Gibson, Liran Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990017/associations-between-patients-understanding-of-periodontal-disease-treatment-compliance-and-disease-status
#19
Benjamin Hughes, Giseon Heo, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between patients' understanding of periodontal disease, their individual compliance to homecare, self-reported periodontal disease, and how they have been educated regarding their oral health. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A cross-sectional study was performed by distributing questionnaires to patients at the University of Alberta Dental Clinic. A survey consisting of 45 questions was constructed in order to quantify patients' understanding of periodontal disease (section 1), where they received their information, how often they have been instructed by dental practitioners, their homecare habits (section 2), and their self-reported periodontal status (section 3)...
October 6, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990015/efficacy-of-the-twin-block-a-peripheral-nerve-block-for-the-management-of-chronic-masticatory-myofascial-pain-a-case-series
#20
Veena Kanti, Sowmya Ananthan, Gayathri Subramanian, Samuel Y P Quek
Masticatory myofascial pain is the one of the most common etiologies for nonodontogenic pain, often characterized by the presence of trigger points. Conventional management includes approaches such as jaw exercises, physical therapy, intraoral appliances, medications, and trigger point injections. Peripheral/regional nerve blocks have shown to be effective in managing myogenous pain conditions. The twin block is a nerve block that blocks both the masseteric and the anterior deep temporal nerves. The objective of this case series is to illustrate expeditious and sustained efficacy of the twin block in the management of chronic masticatory myofascial pain...
October 6, 2017: Quintessence International
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