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ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672320/correlation-between-preoperative-auditory-steady-state-response-and-postoperative-electrically-evoked-auditory-brainstem-response-and-t-level-in-cochlear-implantation-for-child-patients-with-inner-ear-malformations
#1
Xiao-Feng Qiao, Xin Li, Dong Wang, Tong-Li Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the correlation between thresholds of preoperative multiple auditory steady-state response (ASSR) and electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (EABR) and the behavioral threshold. METHODS: A total of 72 patients were elected to receive a multichannel cochlear implant. According to the residual hearing determined in a preoperative test using high-, moderate-, and low-frequency ASSR, these patients were divided into the following 2 groups: residual hearing and hearing loss...
April 19, 2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669359/low-ct-attenuation-values-of-sinonasal-benign-tumours-relative-to-the-brainstem-identify-schwannomas
#2
Tomoaki Nakada, Shu Kikuta, Harushi Mori, Yuya Shimizu, Hironobu Nishijima, Kenji Kondo, Tatsuya Yamasoba
OBJECTIVES: On computed tomography (CT), sinonasal schwannoma displays as a soft-tissue mass without any distinctive features. Our aim was to define the radiological criteria for distinguishing schwannoma from other sinonasal benign tumours. METHODS: We retrospectively identified consecutive patients who were pathologically diagnosed with benign sinonasal tumours between 2007 and 2016. CT attenuation values were compared between benign tumours and the brainstem...
April 17, 2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590652/a-novel-device-for-placement-of-a-secondary-tracheoesophageal-voice-prosthesis-a-preliminary-feasibility-study
#3
Andrew T Tkaczuk, Rodney J Taylor, Jeffrey S Wolf
BACKGROUND: Tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) for post-laryngectomy speech rehabilitation can be performed at the time of laryngectomy (primary) or at a subsequent time (secondary). Traditionally, the secondary procedure is performed using a rigid esophagoscope. Diseases like esophageal stricture, limited neck extension, and soft-tissue fibrosis can make this procedure technically challenging or impossible. We developed a novel device to perform a secondary tracheoesophageal puncture using a flexible esophagoscope...
March 28, 2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462811/infraorbital-nerve-located-medially-to-postoperative-maxillary-cysts-a-risk-of-endonasal-surgery
#4
Kenji Kondo, Shintaro Baba, Sayaka Suzuki, Hironobu Nishijima, Shu Kikuta, Tatsuya Yamasoba
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to examine variations in the location of the infraorbital nerve relative to postoperative maxillary cysts to assess the potential risk of nerve injury during endonasal marsupialization. METHODS: Coronal computed tomography images of 130 patients (162 sides) with postoperative maxillary cysts who visited our clinic between 2003 and 2014 were reviewed from the viewpoint of the anatomical relationship between the infraorbital nerves and cysts...
February 20, 2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455211/intratympanic-injections-of-dexamethasone-in-delayed-endolymphatic-hydrops-a-prospective-clinical-study
#5
Ashraf Elsayed Morgan, Elshahat Ibrahem Ismail, Bassem Ashraf
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of intratympanic dexamethazone (ITD) for the treatment of ipsilateral delayed endolymphatic hydrops (DEH). METHODS: Forty-one patients were diagnosed with ipsilateral DEH. Only 37 patients completed this study. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group A (n = 16) received oral medication, and group B (n = 21) received ITD once weekly for 4 consecutive weeks. RESULTS: In group A, 6 patients showed improvement in their vertigo...
February 16, 2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444524/editorial
#6
Bert W OʼMalley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428959/feasibility-of-salvage-selective-neck-dissection-after-primary-irradiation-of-pharyngeal-and-laryngeal-carcinoma
#7
Norhafiza Mat Lazim, Kahairi Abdullah, Baris Karakullukcu, Ing Bing Tan
INTRODUCTION: The concept of neck dissection (ND) in the management armamentarium of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma has evolved throughout the years. Nowadays, ND becomes more functional. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective study of 865 patients was performed at Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek Hospital to investigate the feasibility of selective ND (SND). All patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the pharynx and larynx who received primary radiation and underwent salvage ND were included in the study...
February 9, 2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393251/the-impact-of-skeletal-muscle-depletion-on-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Daisuke Nishikawa, Nobuhiro Hanai, Hidenori Suzuki, Yusuke Koide, Shintaro Beppu, Yasuhisa Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle depletion and sarcopenia have been reported as poor prognostic factors for several types of cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic impact of skeletal muscle depletion and sarcopenia on the outcomes in head and neck cancer patients. METHODS: Patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treated from January 2013 to June 2014 were included in this study. The pretreatment cross-sectional area of skeletal muscle at the third lumbar vertebra (L3) was measured by computed tomography image analysis using the ImageJ software...
January 26, 2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393250/risk-factors-for-distant-metastasis-in-patients-with-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma-undergoing-surgical-treatment
#9
Felipe Toyama Aires, Chin Shien Lin, Leandro Luongo Matos, Marco Aurélio Vamondes Kulcsar, Claudio Roberto Cernea
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical and pathological factors related to distant metastasis in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) undergoing surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective data review was conducted on patients who underwent primary surgery for OCSCC at the Instituto do Cancer do Estado de São Paulo (ICESP) between 2009 and 2015. Distant metastasis rates were calculated and predictive factors were determined by the Cox proportional-hazards model...
January 23, 2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207380/body-mass-index-and-olfactory-fossa-depth-in-patients-with-and-without-spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fluid-leaks
#10
Christopher J Ito, Camilo Reyes-Gelves, Clayton Perry, Stilianos E Kountakis
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (SCSF) leaks are associated with a high body mass index (BMI) and an expanded skull base. The purpose of this study is to determine if a correlation exists between BMI and olfactory fossa depth (OFD) in patients with SCSF leaks and those without. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study evaluating the correlation between OFD and BMI in patients with and without SCSF leaks. OFD was measured on computed tomography obtained in temporal proximity to the BMI...
December 6, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186722/il-33-expression-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-and-its-relationship-with-clinical-severity
#11
Wei Song, Chunlei Wang, Jing Zhou, Shenghua Pan, Sen Lin
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by epithelial inflammation and tissue eosinophilic infiltration. Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a key inflammatory cytokine that mediates eosinophilic infiltration. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the expression and role of IL-33 in eosinophilic CRS with nasal polyps (ECRSwNP) and in noneosinophilic CRS with nasal polyps (nECRSwNP), and to analyze their correlation with clinical severity...
November 30, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183012/differential-expression-of-the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-and-transforming-growth-factor-beta-1-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-with-allergic-rhinitis
#12
Lu Chen, Ling Xiao, Jie Liu, Yang Shen, Xia Ke, Jiangju Huang, Guohua Hu, Yucheng Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) expression levels in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and their possible correlation with allergic state and tissue remodeling. METHODS: Patients were enrolled and divided into the following groups: CRS without nasal polyps (NP) without allergic rhinitis (AR) (CRSsNPsAR; n = 20), CRS with NP with AR (CRSwNPwAR; n = 20), CRS with NP without AR (CRSwNPsAR; n = 20), and controls (n = 15)...
November 29, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183011/transoral-robotic-surgery-with-sialendoscopy-for-a-plunging-ranula
#13
Ryan M Carey, Benjamin L Hodnett, Christopher H Rassekh, Gregory S Weinstein
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Plunging ranulas are oral mucoceles that often cannot be visualized directly and thus can be challenging to diagnose and differentiate from other neck lesions. Surgery is the preferred treatment option, but the optimal approach requires careful consideration. METHODS: We report the case of a plunging ranula presenting as an isolated neck mass in a 33-year-old patient. This patient was treated with a novel transoral robotic surgery (TORS)-assisted approach aided by sialendoscopy...
November 29, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609773/transoral-robotic-surgery-total-laryngectomy-evaluation-of-functional-and-survival-outcomes-in-a-retrospective-case-series-at-a-single-institution
#14
Giri Krishnan, Suren Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Transoral robotic surgery total laryngectomy (TORS-TL) is a minimally invasive endoscopic surgical approach which can theoretically minimise the morbidity of large external incisions and limit dissection of tissue planes so as to reduce the risk of pharyngocutaneous fistulae related to poor tissue healing secondary to radiation soft tissue injury or malnutrition. The purpose of this paper was to report our experience with this uncommon surgical approach. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at a single institution to evaluate the functional and survival outcomes of a series of patients who underwent TORS-TL...
June 14, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571040/videolaryngoscopy-during-conscious-sedation-in-patients-not-suitable-for-phonosurgery-by-microlaryngoscopy-a-pilot-study
#15
Vincenzo Saita, Eugenia Allegra, Nicolò Marino, Serena Trapasso, Maria Concetta Monea
BACKGROUND: Microlaryngoscopy is the preferred and most widely used technique in phonosurgery for the treatment of benign and early malignant glottic lesions. However, the procedure may be technically difficult or impossible due to alterations of the cervical spine that may not allow hyperextension of the head or may present general anesthesia contraindications. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of our surgical approach for lesions of the vocal folds in patients who are not suitable for phonosurgery by microlaryngoscopy...
June 2, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533956/contents-vol-79
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339643/effect-of-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-on-systemic-toxicity-and-ototoxicity-induced-by-cisplatin-in-rats-role-of-tnf-%C3%AE-and-nitric-oxide
#17
Marcos Jullian Barreto Martins, Avner Marcos Alves Batista, Yuri Neyson Ferreira Brito, Pedro Marcos Gomes Soares, Conceição da Silva Martins, Ronaldo de Albuquerque Ribeiro, Gerly Anne de Castro Brito, Marcos Rabelo de Freitas
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cisplatin is a chemotherapeutic agent. The use of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) was proposed after the observation that ischemic preconditioning of a cardiac vascular area could protect another completely distinctly. METHODS: This is an experimental study. Male Wistar rats were anesthetized, and they underwent a hearing evaluation via measurement of the brainstem auditory evoked potential (BSAEP). Then, cisplatin was administered intraperitoneally (IP) at a dose of 8 mg/kg/day for 4 consecutive days to group 1, whereas saline solution was administered IP to group 2...
2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183025/can-early-dissection-of-cervical-lymph-nodes-improve-prognosis-in-squamous-cell-carcinomas-of-the-hard-palate
#18
Sophie Deneuve, Anne-Gaelle Bodard, Erica Delquignies, François Janot, Philippe Zrounba, Morbize Julieron
Squamous cell carcinomas of the hard palate and maxillary alveolar ridge are rare tumours with a poor prognosis. Lymph node dissection is recommended for tumours with nodal involvement, and is rarely performed in the absence of adenopathy. We report a series of patients with squamous cell carcinomas and evaluate the rate of lymph node invasion and its impact on survival. This is a retrospective study of 72 patients treated for squamous cell carcinoma of the hard palate and maxillary alveolar ridge between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2008 in two cancer centres...
2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131113/speech-production-quality-of-cochlear-implant-users-with-respect-to-duration-and-onset-of-hearing-loss
#19
Suzan Ruff, Tobias Bocklet, Elmar Nöth, Joachim Müller, Eva Hoster, Maria Schuster
PURPOSE: To assess whether postlingual onset and shorter duration of deafness before cochlear implant (CI) provision predict higher speech intelligibility results of CI users. METHODS: For an objective judgement of speech intelligibility, we used an automatic speech recognition system computing the word recognition rate (WR) of 50 adult CI users and 50 age-matched control individuals. All subjects were recorded reading a standardized text. Subjects were divided into three groups: pre- or perilingual deafness (A), both >2 years before implantation, postlingual deafness <2 years before implantation (B), or postlingual deafness >2 years before implantation (C)...
2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982103/sudden-deafness-during-antepartum-versus-postpartum-periods
#20
Bang-Yan Zhang, Yi-Ho Young
OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed our experience in treating sudden deafness in antepartum (pregnant) and postpartum women during the past 2 decades. METHODS: From 1997 to 2016, we have recorded sudden deafness in 16 antepartum (mean age, 32 years) and 3 postpartum (mean age, 31 years) women. Sudden deafness occurred during the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters in 5, 4, and 7 antepartum women, respectively. In contrast, the mean interval between giving birth and symptom onset in the 3 postpartum women was 18 days...
2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
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