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International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239251/the-effects-of-domestic-violence-on-violent-prison-misconduct-health-status-and-need-for-post-release-assistance-among-female-drug-offenders-in-taiwan
#1
Yung-Lien Lai, Ling Ren, Ni He
Although much research has documented the fact that a high percentage of female inmates serving sentences for drug offenses have experienced domestic violence prior to incarceration, little research has been done to explore the potential long-term impact of domestic violence on prison misconduct, health status, and the need for post-release assistance. Based on survey data for 633 female drug offenders collected from Taiwanese correctional facilities in 2014, about one third (32%) of the offenders reported experienced domestic violence at least once prior to their incarceration...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239242/empirical-research-on-domestic-violence-in-contemporary-china-continuity-and-advances
#2
Hongwei Zhang, Ruohui Zhao
Domestic violence is not uncommon in China. Myths and misconceptions about it do exist, especially in the context of rapid social changes. Compared with its Western counterparts, the study on domestic violence in China is considered rudimentary and of low priority. Empirical studies, especially those measuring the correlates and/or risk factors related to domestic violence, are still lacking. This special issue aims to advance understanding on domestic violence through much-needed empirical research. It also demonstrates joint efforts by local Chinese scholars and their Western counterparts to strengthen collaboration in this important research area...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239240/information-communication-technologies-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-china
#3
Jia Xue, Kai Lin, Ivan Y Sun, Jianhong Liu
Although a substantial number of studies have investigated factors that influenced intimate partner violence (IPV), very few have assessed the connection between the use of information and communication technology (ICT) and such violence. Using survey data collected from over 400 women in a large Chinese city, this study explored how the involvement of various ICT-related activities affects Chinese women's experiences with psychological, physical, and sexual abuse. We found that some forms of media usage and online activities, such as times spent on paper books and Internet and browsing entertainment and sports news as well as watching movies and TVs online, were linked to a higher or lower likelihood of being a victim of IPV...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238804/a-qualitative-examination-of-the-experiences-of-veterans-treatment-court-graduates-in-allegheny-county-pennsylvania
#4
Janice D McCall, Keri L Rodriguez, Debra Barnisin-Lange, Adam J Gordon
U.S. Veterans treatment courts (VTCs) serve justice-involved Veterans with behavioral health and reintegration issues. However, there is paucity of efforts examining VTC participants' experiences and distinguishing the unique operations of VTCs. We summarize a descriptive history of a large VTC program in a major metropolitan area (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) and examine the experiences of this VTC's participants. We used content analysis to code VTC graduation proceeding transcripts with complementary content data from resources distributed by the presiding Judge to entering participants...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30207180/prisoners-personal-networks-in-the-months-preceding-prison-a-descriptive-portrayal
#5
Paul E Bellair, Ryan Light, James Sutton
This study examined personal networks of adult male prisoners ( N = 250) during a high-risk period prior to their incarceration. We present a descriptive portrait of network size, density, and relational type, and we then document the nature of ties within that network, focusing specifically on alters' criminal involvement, criminal opportunity, and reinforcement of criminal behavior. We found that prisoners' networks were large and dense, and that they were composed primarily of family and romantic partners...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30205724/applying-a-strengths-based-psychoeducational-model-of-rehabilitation-to-the-treatment-of-intimate-partner-violence-program-theory-and-logic-model
#6
Erica Bowen, Kate Walker, Emma Holdsworth
In the United Kingdom, there is an increasing need to develop prevention programs for intimate partner violence and abuse (IPVA). However, this need has increased within a context of increasing financial pressure. Consequently, commissioners are expressing interest in models of prevention that are brief. This article first reviews the effectiveness of domestic violence (DV) prevention programs, including those from England and Wales. This article then describes the theoretical development of an emerging IPVA prevention program that combines solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) methods...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198362/characteristics-of-female-youth-offenders-in-new-zealand
#7
Stacey Lim, Ian Lambie, Annik van Toledo
Female youth offending is poorly understood, despite increased rates of such offending. Research indicates there are a range of factors that have a causal impact on the development of offending in young people. This study investigated risk factors using a retrospective file audit of 184 female youth offenders in New Zealand. The findings were classified using Bronfenbrenner's ecological model, which highlights the different contextual levels that influence behavior, including individual, family, peer, school, community, and cultural factors...
September 10, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183442/fanning-the-flames-understanding-gang-involvement-among-philippine-prisoners
#8
Sou Lee, Raymund E Narag
Utilizing intensive interview and observational data from inmates in one of the most overcrowded and underresourced jail in Metro Manila, Philippines, this study presents the first in-depth analysis of the factors associated with pangkat (prison gangs) and querna (nongang affiliation) membership. The results suggest that inmates join pangkats to ensure their safety and survival. In contrast, those who remain unaffiliated do so given their negative perceptions of the pangkat, sufficient access to social support, and desire to maintain their preprison identity...
September 5, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141705/sexual-interests-of-child-sexual-exploitation-material-csem-consumers-four-patterns-of-severity-over-time
#9
Francis Fortin, Jean Proulx
This study analyzed the evolution over time of the activity of consumers of child sexual exploitation material (CSEM). To this end, images and metadata were extracted from the hard drives of 40 individuals convicted of possession of child pornography and analyzed. A sample of these images ( N = 61,244) was categorized by the age of the subjects depicted and-using the Combating Paedophile Information Networks in Europe (COPINE) scale-by severity of the acts depicted. Collecting activity was observed to follow four patterns...
August 24, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117346/maintaining-an-effective-circle-volunteer-experiences-of-operational-aspects-of-circles-of-support-and-accountability
#10
Giulia Lowe, Gwenda Willis
In Circles of Support and Accountability (CoSA), trained volunteers support an individual convicted for sexual offenses to reintegrate safely into the community. Developed in Canada, CoSA has been established in many jurisdictions with a growing number of volunteers; however, little is known about whether the training and support provided meets volunteer needs. Using a mixed-methods approach, the aim of the present research was to explore New Zealand CoSA volunteer experiences of the training and support they received and their perceptions about what contributed to the effective operation of a circle...
August 17, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095011/young-people-under-youth-justice-supervision-with-varying-child-protection-histories-an-analysis-of-group-differences
#11
Catia G Malvaso, Paul H Delfabbro, Andrew Day, Gavin Nobes
There is now convincing evidence that childhood maltreatment is associated with youth offending; however, relatively little is known about the characteristics and needs of those who are involved in both the child protection and youth justice systems, and the extent to which these might differ according to level of child protection involvement. This study reports the characteristics and needs of 2,045 young people who were under supervision in secure custody or detention in South Australia between 1995 and 2012 according to the level of exposure to the child protection system in an Australian jurisdiction...
August 10, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070600/behavioral-indicators-of-drug-carrying-in-open-spaces
#12
Nathan Meehan, Michael McClary, Alexander Garinther
This article identifies and describes a set of behavioral indicators associated with illegal drug carrying in public spaces. Through the use of focus group data, our research documents and translates the visual search techniques that veteran law enforcement and drugs experts report using in their work. Here, we catalogue these findings into 10 overarching categories, and discuss how each indicator may be incorporated into an officer's visual search. Knowledge of these indicators, when combined with proper training and an understanding of a public space, can help law enforcement identify persons who may be carrying drugs...
August 2, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070587/exploring-the-impact-of-an-avrs-curfew-program-on-recidivism-of-juvenile-probationers-in-korea
#13
Younoh Cho, Jeff Mellow
Community corrections agencies across the world have adopted biometric technologies as a security tool and cost-effective monitoring strategy. This study investigates the effectiveness of the automated voiceprint recognition supervision (AVRS) curfew program for 386 Korean juvenile probationers from the Seoul Probation Office. Although the AVRS curfew program in Korea has been in effect for more than 14 years, effectiveness of the program has not been fully tested. A propensity score analysis was conducted to assess the effectiveness of the AVRS program, controlling for potential covariates of referring juveniles to the program...
August 2, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066592/psychopathic-personality-traits-and-the-successful-criminal
#14
Cashen M Boccio, Kevin M Beaver
A significant body of literature links psychopathy and psychopathic personality traits with criminal behavior and involvement with the criminal justice system. However, very little research has examined whether psychopathic personality traits are related to being a successful criminal (e.g., evading detection). This study addresses this gap in the literature by examining whether psychopathic personality traits are associated with the likelihood of being processed by the criminal justice system (i.e., arrest)...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058416/evaluation-of-treatment-and-other-factors-that-lead-to-drug-court-success-substance-use-reduction-and-mental-health-symptomatology-reduction-over-time
#15
Margaret Baughman, Krystel Tossone, Mark I Singer, Daniel J Flannery
Adults presenting with substance use and mental health disorders in the criminal justice system is well documented. While studies have examined drug courts and medication-assisted treatment (MAT), few have examined social and behavioral health indicators, and even fewer have multiple study periods. This study employed a comprehensive approach to studying the MAT contribution to drug court success; reduce substance use, mental health symptoms, and risky behaviors; and the role that violence or trauma plays in mental health symptomatology...
July 30, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058395/effectiveness-of-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-on-reduction-of-recidivism-among-recently-incarcerated-homeless-women-a-pilot-study
#16
Adeline Nyamathi, Sanghyuk S Shin, Jolene Smeltzer, Benissa Salem, Kartik Yadav, Donna Krogh, Maria Ekstrand
The purpose of this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to compare the 6-month outcomes of a Dialectical Behavioral Therapy-Corrections Modified (DBT-CM) program versus a Health Promotion (HP) program on mitigating recidivism among 130 female parolees/probationers between baseline and 6-month follow-up. The effect of DBT-CM on reducing recidivism was greater among those who expressed a desire for help (risk ratio [RR] = 0.40; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.16, 1.00]; p = .050) and among homeless female ex-offenders (HFOs) who were younger (<50 years of age; RR = 0...
July 28, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056766/prisoners-perceptions-about-postrelease-employment-in-romania-studying-the-role-of-human-capital-and-labelling-factors-in-explaining-optimism-and-pessimism
#17
Cristina Dâmboeanu, Anke A T Ramakers
Prior evidence shows that prisoners' beliefs and perceptions have profound implications for their postprison success. This study shows which prisoners are more or less optimistic about their postrelease employment prospects and for what reason. Specifically, this study examines how pessimistic prisoners are about finding a job, finding an unskilled job, and finding a minimum-wage job. It also reveals whether variables drawn from labelling and human capital theories can explain between-individual differences in these perceptions...
July 28, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047290/learning-lessons-from-implementing-enabling-environments-within-prison-and-probation-separating-standards-from-process
#18
Jason Davies, Charlotte Pitt, Aisling O'Meara
The probation and prison services within England and Wales are undergoing change, which is argued will enhance rehabilitation. One aspect of this change is the introduction of the Enabling Environments (EE) standards into Approved Premises and many prison establishments. This article examines the progress toward this goal across seven sites (four Approved Premises and three prisons), all of which are currently included in a multisite longitudinal study examining the impact of EE. With only one service having gained the award in the past 2 years, the majority of sites are behind the expected schedule with four relaunching the EE program...
July 26, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978737/the-power-of-storytelling-the-experiences-of-incarcerated-women-sharing-their-stories
#19
Andrew Bove, Rebecca Tryon
Women are the fastest growing prison population in the United States. Women who are incarcerated are characterized by significant mental health needs and intense societal stigma. Despite such vulnerabilities, little is known about their experiences or the pathways that lead them toward recovery and rehabilitation. This qualitative research explores the lived experiences of incarcerated women sharing their stories with high school students and their teachers as part of a community outreach project entitled "Stories of Change...
July 6, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014765/labeling-theory-and-life-stories-of-juvenile-delinquents-transitioning-into-adulthood
#20
Prince Boamah Abrah
Labeling theory contends that an acquisition of a criminal status can be very problematic for offenders navigating into adulthood. This article examines this assertion with the life story of 23 juvenile delinquents. The objective of the study was to gain insight into how the negative reactions of friends, families, and society worked to change and reinforced their offending behavior. The qualitative data which resulted from the use of semi-structured interview guide revealed that self-motivation of offenders to move into "new" neighborhoods and the lack of labeling triggered a turning point among those who desisted than the persistent offenders...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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