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International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30628499/incorporating-multicultural-couple-and-family-therapy-into-incarcerated-settings
#1
Eman Tadros, Janelle M Fye, Christine L McCrone, Natasha Finney
Incarceration rates have increased significantly since the 1990s, with more than two million adults in federal, state, and local facilities. More than half of the offenders report a history of mental health issues, highlighting the importance of offenders having access to effective therapeutic approaches, including individual, couples, and family counseling. Traditionally, the focus of mental health services has been individual treatment; however, family members are also significantly impacted by the offender's absence during incarceration...
January 10, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30614332/an-evolutionary-model-to-conceptualize-psychopathic-traits-across-community-and-forensic-male-youth
#2
Diana Ribeiro da Silva, Paula Vagos, Daniel Rijo
Psychopathy has been historically associated with a lack of emotion. However, some authors argue that psychopathy may represent a tendency to externalize the experience of unpleasant emotions, including shame, what could be seen as an adaptive strategy within an evolutionary framework. Nevertheless, empirical research investigating this hypothesis is scarce. Using community ( n = 295) and forensic ( n = 300) male youth samples and a set of self-report measures, this study tested an evolutionary model involving pathways linking the impact of harsh rearing experiences (traumatic shameful experiences and warmth and safeness experiences) to psychopathic traits, as well as the indirect effects of external shame and shame coping strategies in that association...
January 7, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30608011/the-triality-of-strain-self-control-and-eating-disorders
#3
Turgut Ozkan, Justin Gibson, LaVonda Evans
This study examines the potential relationship between eating disorders and antisocial behaviors through the lenses of the general theory of crime and general strain theory. We utilized the data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of juveniles in grades 7 to 12 in the United States between 1994 and 2008. We constructed three separate measures of eating disorders and examined their relationships with both petty theft and aggressive behaviors...
January 4, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30600735/-there-s-more-to-it-than-just-a-box-check-measuring-prison-climate-in-three-correctional-facilities
#4
L Susan Williams, Edward L W Green, William A Chernoff
The imperative to heed social environment and power of the situation, particularly as applied to prison settings, dates to the 1971 Stanford Prison Experiment; the widely cited study concluded that situational factors, not personality, created the damaging conditions observed. Despite critical need for research on prison climate, measurement has met stiff challenges, and little research on prison culture exists in the United States. This study applies a 17-item scale, primarily based on Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES), an instrument validated in Australia, Germany, and the United Kingdom...
January 2, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30600727/exploring-the-utilization-of-structural-and-medical-family-therapy-with-an-incarcerated-mother-living-with-hiv
#5
Eman Tadros, Natasha Finney
The incarcerated population is considered an underserved population, specifically in regard to their ability to access and receive mental health services. There is a gap in existing literature addressing the mental health needs of incarcerated individuals who also suffer from chronic illnesses. The purpose of this case study is to provide an exploration of how medical family therapy and structural family therapy can be integrated to inform the treatment of incarcerated individuals and their families who are experiencing a physical health illness...
January 2, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30565494/selling-sex-as-an-edgework-risk-taking-and-thrills-in-china-s-commercial-sex-industry
#6
Eileen Yuk-Ha Tsang
Academic discussions of the sex industry need to consider sex worker's experience within the conceptual framework of "edgework." Edgework is voluntary risky activity that combines danger with excitement and emotional pleasure. This article argues female sex worker must weigh possible outcomes in terms of the resulting benefits or consequences. The notion of edgework articulated by Stephen Lyng proposed there is a fine line for risky behavior going from pleasurable and manageable to turning dangerous and chaotic...
December 19, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547706/breaking-the-cycle-understanding-the-needs-of-women-involved-in-the-criminal-justice-system-and-the-role-of-mentoring-in-promoting-desistance
#7
Sara Singh, Jesse Cale, Kat Armstrong
An increasingly popular gender-specific intervention to assist women involved in the criminal justice system (e.g., ex-prisoners) is mentoring. However, despite the growing popularity of mentoring, there is a dearth of literature that has explored the intervention's efficacy, particularly as it relates to women involved in the criminal justice system. In the current study, client files of 64 women in a one-to-one mentoring program in Australia were examined to identify (a) the social and practical needs and obstacles faced by women overcoming their involvement with the justice system, and (b) the extent to which mentoring addressed these needs and obstacles...
December 14, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547705/the-effects-of-victimization-and-fear-of-crime-on-the-legal-socialization-of-young-adolescents-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#8
Justin C Medina, Herbert Rodrigues
It is important to understand how young adolescents come to view authorities during formative years. Experiencing, witnessing, and fearing victimization have been linked to the process of legal socialization and subsequent attitudes and behavior. In addition, procedural justice may influence adolescent perceptions of fairness of the authorities. The present study tested whether procedural justice mediated and moderated the relationship between young adolescents' direct and vicarious victimization and developing a sense of legitimacy in authority and cynicism towards authority...
December 14, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30539671/harm-reduction-strategies-and-disinhibitors-among-women-who-use-heroin
#9
Kent R Kerley, Rashaan A DeShay, Heith Copes
People who use illicit drugs face significant physical risks in the acquisition, use, and aftermath of their use. This is particularly the case among those who use heroin in view of recent spikes in heroin-associated overdoses, injuries, and deaths. Using a restrictive deterrence framework, we identify the risks that women associate with chronic heroin use and the ways they seek to manage those risks. We also examine psychological and physiological disinhibitors that contribute to women reducing use of risk reduction strategies...
December 12, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30526177/can-completers-non-completers-and-non-starters-of-community-based-offending-behavior-programs-be-differentiated-by-internal-treatment-readiness-factors
#10
Ruth M Hatcher, Anna L I Roberts
This research aimed to determine whether completers, non-completers, and non-starters of community-based offending behavior programs could be differentiated by their levels of internal "treatment readiness." The Corrections Victoria Treatment Readiness Questionnaire (CVTRQ) measures offenders' Attitudes and Motivation, Emotional Reactions, Offending Beliefs, and Efficacy which, according to the Multifactor Offender Readiness Model (MORM), are internal dimensions of an offender's readiness to engage with treatment...
December 10, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30526157/the-sexual-murderer-is-a-distinct-type-of-offender
#11
Julien Chopin, Eric Beauregard
The current study investigates the question of the specificity of sexual homicide offenders by comparing three types of crimes: sexual homicide, nonsexual homicide, and violent sexual assault. The comparison is based on victim, offender and modus operandi characteristics throughout 102 variables. The sample has been taken from a French national police database including 1,736 cases. Among these cases, there are 463 nonsexual homicides, 173 sexual homicides and 1,100 violent sexual assaults. Bivariate and multivariate analyses are performed to highlight the differences...
December 10, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30526154/foreign-object-insertions-in-sexual-homicide
#12
Sydney Koeppel, Louis B Schlesinger, Sarah W Craun, Timothy G Keel, Devin Rubin, Jan Kum
A nonrandom national sample of 260 sexual homicides (207 nonserial and 53 serial) disclosed 50 cases in which an offender (45 nonserial and 10 serial) inserted a foreign object into a victim's orifice. The prevalence of foreign object insertion, as well as the types and shapes of inserted objects, where the objects were obtained, the bodily location of insertions, the visibility of inserted objects at the scene, and whether the insertions were pre- or post-mortem are all reported. The foreign object insertion prevalence rate for the sexual homicide sample of cases is 19...
December 10, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30516397/scared-or-attached-unraveling-important-links-in-strain-crime-relationships-among-school-students
#13
Anastasiia Kuptsevych-Timmer, Olena Antonaccio, Ekaterina V Botchkovar, William R Smith
Drawing on general strain theory of crime, the study employs the survey data from a random sample of 600 school students in Lviv, Ukraine, to examine how sanction risks and social bonds mediate and moderate the relationship between strain and adolescent delinquency. Findings from negative binomial regressions and the KHB decomposition procedure demonstrate that fear of sanctions and levels of social control mediate the relationships between strain and delinquency to a different degree, depending on the type of strain experienced...
December 5, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30501433/determinants-of-importation-and-deprivation-models-on-committed-juvenile-offenders-violent-misconduct-a-taiwanese-perspective
#14
Yung-Lien Lai
This study draws on theories of importation and deprivation and relies upon self-reported survey data collected in 2015 from 1,045 committed juvenile offenders in Taiwan. Results drawn from Multinomial logistic regressions indicated that among the importation factors, gang membership, volatile temper, and precommitment victimization are significantly associated with violent misconduct. In regard to deprivation factors, longer term of commitment, higher levels of commitment stress, and victimization while committed dramatically increased the levels of violent misconduct, as expected...
December 3, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30501427/situational-social-support-and-relapse-an-exploration-of-compulsory-drug-abuse-treatment-effect-in-china
#15
Haiyan Xiong, Jidong Jia
The present study explores situational social support of drug abusers during compulsory rehabilitation and provides a preliminary estimation of relationship between social support and relapse. Links between social support and relapse are examined in a study of drug abusers accepting coercive detoxification and rehabilitation treatment, and self-reported relapse in the following 6 months ( N = 535). External and internal social support with abstinence-specific support inclusive are investigated. With certain demographic variables and risk-related variables controlled, greater special type of external social support (as measured by number of children) predicts a lower risk of relapse, which means better effect of compulsory rehabilitation...
December 3, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30501552/lifetime-punishments-for-mentally-ill-juvenile-rampage-school-shooters-no-hope-for-the-future
#16
Kathryn Farr
This study examines the roles of age and mental health in the processing of 10 adolescent rampage school shooters who had shown signs of mental instability prior to their rampage, but were tried and convicted as adults and sentenced to life or almost life in prison. Findings from court transcripts show that expert witnesses for the defense provided evidence of mental illness in all cases; however, the court determined that the diagnoses failed to meet the insanity standard or did not qualify as a significant mitigating circumstance...
December 2, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499351/acculturation-and-capital-punishment-the-effect-of-mexico-versus-united-states-cultural-orientations-on-public-support-for-the-death-penalty
#17
Alexander H Updegrove
Few studies have explored how the intersection of vastly different cultures, like those of the United States and Mexico, influences death penalty support. The present study uses the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans-II to examine whether individuals who are more closely aligned with U.S. culture are more likely to support the death penalty than individuals more closely aligned with Mexican culture. Findings support this conclusion. Findings also reveal that the significance of predictors for death penalty support varies between Mexican- and U...
November 30, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30477367/cannabis-prevalence-and-national-drug-policy-in-27-countries-an-analysis-of-adolescent-substance-use
#18
Marijana M Kotlaja, Jennifer V Carson
Prior research that assesses the relationship between cannabis policy and prevalence rates has yielded mixed results, perhaps due to the varying rigor of these investigations. Addressing some of these issues in rigor and informed by a rational choice theory (RCT), we hypothesize that those policies on the more punitive end of McDonald and colleagues' classification will be most effective. Examining legislation in 27 countries utilizing the Second International Self-Report Delinquency Study (ISRD-2) through hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) models with both individual- and country-level controls, we find little support for these hypotheses...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30477364/sororicides-in-ghana-a-study-of-homicidal-aggression-against-sisters
#19
Mensah Adinkrah, Ebony Jenkins
Sororicide has received scarce attention in the homicide literature. This is particularly the case for sororicide incidents occurring in the nonindustrialized, non-Western world. To help address this gap in the literature and extend the study of sororicides, the current exploratory, descriptive study examined the major characteristics of 18 media-reported sororicides that occurred in Ghana from 1990 to 2017, including the sociodemographic characteristics of victims and offenders, victim-offender relationship, incident location, modus operandi, motive, and criminal justice outcomes...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30477365/assessing-the-incremental-validity-of-andrews-and-bonta-s-moderate-four-predictors-of-recidivism-using-a-diverse-sample-of-offending-and-truant-youth
#20
Jordan Papp, Christina A Campbell, Valerie R Anderson
Bonta and Andrews suggest that there are eight factors that predict recidivism among offenders, which they call the "Central Eight." They split up the Central Eight into the "Big Four" and the "Moderate Four," with the Big Four hypothesized to be more strongly associated with recidivism than the Moderate Four. The purpose of this study was to assess the incremental validity of the Moderate Four relative to the Big Four as they are measured on the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI)...
November 26, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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