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International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421848/an-evaluation-of-a-community-oriented-policing-program-in-taiwan
#1
Shih-Ya Kuo, Yuan-Chin Shih
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a community-oriented policing (COP) by documenting results for 16 quantitative outcome variables, including crime incidents, crime clearance, residents' subjective feelings regarding police performance and community safety, and job satisfaction among police officers. The statistical techniques used to analyze the data involved ARIMA interrupted time series, t tests, the Wilcoxon paired signed-rank test, and Pearson's correlation. The quantitative results observed indicated that the program had a positive effect on resident's perceptions for some police performance outcomes and for job satisfaction among police officers...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403677/spatial-temporal-variations-of-crime-a-routine-activity-theory-perspective
#2
Silas Nogueira de Melo, Débora V S Pereira, Martin A Andresen, Lindon Fonseca Matias
Temporal and spatial patterns of crime in Campinas, Brazil, are analyzed considering the relevance of routine activity theory in a Latin American context. We use geo-referenced criminal event data, 2010-2013, analyzing spatial patterns using census tracts and temporal patterns considering seasons, months, days, and hours. Our analyses include difference in means tests, count-based regression models, and Kulldorff's scan test. We find that crime in Campinas, Brazil, exhibits both temporal and spatial-temporal patterns...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397568/the-neuropsychological-function-of-older-first-time-child-exploitation-material-offenders-a-pilot-study
#3
Marcelo Rodriguez, Andrew Ellis
Despite the growing incidence of child exploitation offences, there is little knowledge of the neuropsychological function of older child exploitation material offenders (CEMOs). Given that studies have reported that sex offenders demonstrate deficits attributed to frontal and temporal lobe function, the aim of this pilot study was to investigate the frontotemporal function of older first-time child exploitation material offenders (FTCEMOs). The neuropsychological performance of 11 older FTCEMOs was compared with 34 older historical sex offenders (HSOs) and 32 older nonsex offender (NSO) controls...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355931/a-brief-measure-of-narcissism-among-female-juvenile-delinquents-and-community-youths
#4
Pedro Pechorro, João Maroco, James V Ray, Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves, Cristina Nunes
Research on narcissism has a long tradition, but there is limited knowledge regarding its application among female youth, especially for forensic samples of incarcerated female youth. Drawing on 377 female adolescents (103 selected from forensic settings and 274 selected from school settings) from Portugal, the current study is the first to examine simultaneously the psychometric properties of a brief version of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI-13) among females drawn from incarcerated and community settings...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201929/public-attitudes-toward-the-police
#5
Ni Phil He, Ling Ren, Jihong Solomon Zhao, Matthew A Bills
Using telephone survey data collected in Houston, Texas, this study explores the feasibility of a dual-frame (landline and cell-phone-only household samples) design survey in police studies and compares the corresponding characteristics of survey respondents and multiple measures of citizens' attitudes toward the police. It was found that a cell-phone interview with the same scope and length of a landline interview is indeed operationally feasible, albeit at higher cost and lower response rate. Compared with their landline counterparts, respondents in our cell-phone-only sample are younger, males, members of ethnic minority, renters, mobile, and less educated...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201928/movie-piracy-networks-at-alaba-international-market-lagos-nigeria
#6
Oludayo Tade, Okoro Paul Mmahi
This study examined the veiled chain of film piracy, a major crime in the Nigeria entertainment industry. Studies on film piracy in Nigeria have focused on its economic implications, both on the copyright owners and on the Nigerian economy. The organization of the activities of the film pirates has, however, been neglected. Narratives were extracted through in-depth interviews with pirates, "marketers," and "producers." Data indicated that pirates were insiders in the film marketing industry and included importers of foreign movies, registered and nonregistered retailers of Nigerian films, as well as marketers appointed by copyright owners to distribute their films...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187691/the-factor-structure-of-the-aggression-questionnaire-with-violent-offenders
#7
Cathrine Pettersen, Kevin L Nunes, Franca Cortoni
The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) is a self-report measure of aggressiveness commonly employed in nonforensic and forensic settings and is included in violent offender pre- and posttreatment assessment batteries. The aim of the current study was to assess the fit of the four-factor model of the AQ with violent offenders ( N = 271), a population for which the factor structure of the English version of the AQ has not previously been examined. Confirmatory factor analyses did not yield support for the four-factor model of the original 29-item AQ...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176542/an-exploratory-study-of-the-effects-of-work-environment-variables-on-job-satisfaction-among-chinese-prison-staff
#8
Shanhe Jiang, Eric G Lambert, Jianhong Liu, Jinwu Zhang
Job satisfaction has been linked to many positive outcomes, such as greater work performance, increased organizational commitment, reduced job burnout, decreased absenteeism, and lower turnover intent/turnover. A substantial body of research has examined how work environment variables are linked to job satisfaction among U.S. correctional staff; far less research has examined prison staff in non-Western nations, especially China. Using survey data collected from two prisons in Guangzhou, China, this study investigated the level of job satisfaction among prison staff and how personal characteristics (i...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176527/examining-the-effects-of-intensive-supervision-and-aftercare-programs-for-at-risk-youth
#9
Jessica Bouchard, Jennifer S Wong
Community correctional sentences are administered to more juvenile offenders in North America than any other judicial sentence. Particularly prominent in juvenile corrections is intensive supervision probation and aftercare/reentry, yet the effects of these supervision-oriented interventions on recidivism are mixed. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to determine the effects of intensive supervision probation and aftercare/reentry on juvenile recidivism. An extensive search of the literature and application of strict inclusion criteria resulted in the selection of 27 studies that contributed 55 individual effect sizes...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26500228/identifying-the-rehabilitative-potential-of-electronically-monitored-release-preparation-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-germany
#10
Andreas Schwedler, Gunda Woessner
As one of many fields of application, electronic monitoring (EM) of offenders can be used-in conjunction with other measures-for release preparation. Using such measures, policymakers expect an alleviation of the negative effects of imprisonment and the promotion of positive rehabilitative effects by adding structure and social support. At the same time, policymakers are willing to maintain community safety through the close supervision provided by EM. The present study examines participants' psychological and psychosocial changes during two measures of electronically monitored release preparation, namely, home detention and early work release...
June 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26494189/pathways-to-firesetting-for-mentally-disordered-offenders-a-preliminary-examination
#11
Nichola Tyler, Theresa A Gannon
The current study aimed to investigate the specific pathways in the offence process for mentally disordered firesetters. In a previous study, an offence chain model was constructed (i.e., the Firesetting Offence Chain for Mentally Disordered Offenders, FOC-MD) using offence descriptions obtained from 23 mentally disordered firesetters, detailing the sequence of contextual, behavioural, affective, and cognitive factors that precipitate an incidence of firesetting for this population. The current study examines the prevalence of the specific pathways to firesetting for the original 23 mentally disordered firesetters and a further sample of 13 mentally disordered firesetters...
June 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26486423/selecting-a-method-of-case-identification-to-estimate-the-involvement-of-people-with-mental-illnesses-in-the-criminal-justice-system-a-research-note
#12
Melissa S Morabito, Amy Blank Wilson
Arrest and incarceration are a pervasive reality for people with mental illnesses. Wide variation, however, exists in the estimates of the percentage of people with mental illnesses who become involved in the criminal justice system. Researchers and practitioners need a variety of methods in their toolbox to maximize their ability to identify mental illness depending on available resources and needs. Yet, the benefits and costs of utilizing these different approaches have yet to be explored in the criminal justice literature...
June 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26437950/identifying-desistance-pathways-in-a-higher-education-program-for-formerly-incarcerated-individuals
#13
Lindsey Livingston Runell
The link between education and crime is a topic that requires special attention with respect to the converging influence of individual, social, and environmental factors. This article will investigate the educational pathways followed by students in a higher education program for formerly incarcerated individuals at a large state university in the northeastern United States. Specifically, it will explore the extent to which their postincarceration educational experiences served as a "hook for change" and also related impediments tied to street influences, financial constraints, stigma, academic and social development...
June 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399465/treatment-readiness-as-a-determinant-of-treatment-participation-in-a-prison-based-rehabilitation-program-an-exploratory-study
#14
Anouk Q Bosma, Maarten J J Kunst, Anja J E Dirkzwager, Paul Nieuwbeerta
The current study had three aims. First, it measured treatment readiness among offenders who entered the Prevention of Recidivism program. This is a prison-based rehabilitation program in the Netherlands that aims to lower re-offending rates among offenders with a prison sentence of at least for months and that is carried out during the final months of incarceration. Second, the study evaluated whether treatment readiness was associated with treatment participation. Third, the study examined whether treatment readiness measured with a validated instrument predicted treatment participation above and beyond a clinical assessment of treatment readiness, currently used as a criterion to include offenders in rehabilitation programs...
June 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26385191/access-to-recovery-and-recidivism-among-former-prison-inmates
#15
Bradley Ray, Eric Grommon, Victoria Buchanan, Brittany Brown, Dennis P Watson
Access to Recovery (ATR) is a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)-funded initiative that offers a mix of clinical and supportive services for substance abuse. ATR clients choose which services will help to overcome barriers in their road to recovery, and a recovery consultant provides vouchers and helps link the client to these community resources. One of ATR's goals was to provide services to those involved in the criminal justice system in the hopes that addressing substance abuse issues could reduce subsequent criminal behaviors...
June 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401799/book-review-the-psychology-of-terrorism-horgan-j-2014-the-psychology-of-terrorism-2nd-ed-new-york-ny-routledge-184-pp-isbn-978-0-415-69800-9-hbk-isbn-978-0-415-69802-3-pbk-isbn-978-1-315-88224-6-ebk-rrp-usd-54-95
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26370599/transgender-inmates-in-prisons
#17
Douglas Routh, Gassan Abess, David Makin, Mary K Stohr, Craig Hemmens, Jihye Yoo
Transgender inmates provide a conundrum for correctional staff, particularly when it comes to classification, victimization, and medical and health issues. Using LexisNexis and WestLaw and state Department of Corrections (DOC) information, we collected state statutes and DOC policies concerning transgender inmates. We utilized academic legal research with content analysis to determine whether a statute or policy addressed issues concerning classification procedures, access to counseling services, the initiation and continuation of hormone therapy, and sex reassignment surgery...
May 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26338529/outcomes-of-trauma-informed-interventions-for-incarcerated-women
#18
Erin A King
The purpose of this article was to conduct a review of experimental, quasi-experimental, and pre-test/post-test studies using manualized, trauma-informed interventions with incarcerated women. A systematic search of electronic databases, reference harvesting, and communication with experts were used to identify relevant primary studies. Nine studies meeting the specified inclusion/exclusion criteria were identified. Three studies used random assignment and five used a comparison or waitlist group. Interventions identified included Seeking Safety, Helping Women Recover/Beyond Trauma, Esuba, and Beyond Violence...
May 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26320031/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-yoga-and-mindfulness-meditation-in-prison
#19
Katherine M Auty, Aiden Cope, Alison Liebling
This article presents results from a systematic review and two meta-analyses that examine whether prison yoga and meditation programs are significantly related to increased psychological well-being and improvements in the behavioural functioning of prisoners. Comprehensive searches of the empirical literature were conducted up to December 2014. Participants who completed yoga or meditation program in prison experienced a small increase in their psychological well-being (Cohen's d = 0.46, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0...
May 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26320030/gender-and-programming
#20
Courtney A Crittenden, Barbara A Koons-Witt
The current study examines U.S. prison programming availability and participation by gender on a national level. The authors build upon previous literature by using national-level data, something that has been done in very limited cases previously. The main concern of this study is gender and its effects on programming availability and participation. The U.S. corrections field has undergone major changes in regard to population trends, fiscal constraints, policies, and research over the last few decades without a large-scale examination of the effects of these changes on programming across the United States...
May 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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