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International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077021/mainlandization-the-icac-and-the-seriousness-attached-by-local-politicians-to-corruption-in-post-1997-hong-kong
#1
Li Li, T Wing Lo
To date, few studies have focused on how the public has perceived the effectiveness of the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC). Furthermore, little is known about how the public has assessed the functions of the ICAC during the political-economic convergence between Hong Kong and mainland China since 1997. This study attempts to explore local politicians' perceptions towards the ICAC in post-1997 Hong Kong. The quantitative data show that the important historical juncture of mainlandization has been politicized in Hong Kong and has deeply influenced the seriousness attached by local politicians to corruption...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076983/multidimensional-family-therapy-reduces-self-reported-criminality-among-adolescents-with-a-cannabis-use-disorder
#2
Thimo M van der Pol, Craig E Henderson, Vincent Hendriks, Michael P Schaub, Henk Rigter
Multidimensional family therapy (MDFT) is an established treatment program for youth displaying multiproblem behavior. We examined whether MDFT decreased criminal offending among cannabis abusing adolescents, as compared with individual psychotherapy (IP). In a Western European randomized controlled trial comparing MDFT with IP, a sample of 169 adolescents with a cannabis disorder completed self-reports on criminal offending. Half indicated they had committed one or more criminal offenses in the 90 days before the baseline assessment...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073322/effects-of-group-focused-cognitive-behavioral-coaching-program-on-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-inmates-in-a-nigerian-prison
#3
Chiedu Eseadi, Mabel A Obidoa, Shulamite E Ogbuabor, Amaka B Ikechukwu-Ilomuanya
This study investigated the effects that a group-focused cognitive-behavioral coaching program had on depressive symptoms of a sample of inmates from Nsukka Prisons, Enugu State, Nigeria. The design of the study was pretest-posttest control group . The participants were 30 male inmates, experiencing high levels of depressive symptoms, and randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. The primary outcome measure was depression symptoms as measured using Beck's Depression Inventory. Repeated-measures ANOVA and the Mann-Whitney U Test were used for data analysis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043187/book-review-the-psychology-of-terrorism-horgan-j-2014-the-psychology-of-terrorism-2nd-ed-new-york-ny-routledge-184-pp-isbn-978-0-415-69800-9-hbk-isbn-978-0-415-69802-3-pbk-isbn-978-1-315-88224-6-ebk-rrp-usd-54-95
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030996/not-a-big-deal-examining-help-seeking-behaviors-of-sexually-victimized-women-on-the-college-campus
#5
McKenzie Wood, Amy Stichman
The sexual assault and coercion of women on university campuses continues to be an ongoing problem. It is estimated that more than 15% of women attending college experience some type of sexual assault or coercion each year. As universities and other social institutions begin to acknowledge the prevalence of sexual victimization, an increased emphasis has been placed on helping victims of sexual crimes. The current study uses results from 378 surveys completed by females at a midwestern university to examine the help-seeking behaviors of those who have been victimized...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913717/assessing-the-macro-level-correlates-of-malware-infections-using-a-routine-activities-framework
#6
Thomas J Holt, George W Burruss, Adam M Bossler
The ability to gain unauthorized access to computer systems to engage in espionage and data theft poses a massive threat to individuals worldwide. There has been minimal focus, however, on the role of malicious software, or malware, which can automate this process. This study examined the macro-correlates of malware infection at the national level by using an open repository of known malware infections and utilizing a routine activities framework. Negative inflated binomial models for counts indicated that nations with greater technological infrastructure, more political freedoms, and with less organized crime financial impact were more likely to report malware infections...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913716/single-and-multiple-clinical-syndromes-in-incarcerated-offenders
#7
Carlo Garofalo, Patrizia Velotti, Cristina Crocamo, Giuseppe Carrà
The present study examined the prevalence and correlates of clinical syndromes in a large group ( N = 438) of incarcerated violent offenders, looking at differences between inmates with one and those with more than one clinical syndromes. More than a half of the sample (57%) reported clinically relevant symptoms for at least one clinical syndrome ( n = 252), and the majority of them (38%) reported more syndromes in comorbidity ( n = 169). Increased severity of clinical conditions (none, one, more than one syndrome) corresponded with significantly greater levels of personality disorder traits, psychological symptoms, dissociation, and negative emotionality, with large effect sizes...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913715/doping-among-professional-athletes-in-iran-a-test-of-akers-s-social-learning-theory
#8
Saeed Kabiri, John K Cochran, Bernadette J Stewart, Mahmoud Sharepour, Mohammad Mahdi Rahmati, Syede Massomeh Shadmanfaat
The use of performance-enhancing drugs (PED) is common among Iranian professional athletes. As this phenomenon is a social problem, the main purpose of this research is to explain why athletes engage in "doping" activity, using social learning theory. For this purpose, a sample of 589 professional athletes from Rasht, Iran, was used to test assumptions related to social learning theory. The results showed that there are positive and significant relationships between the components of social learning theory (differential association, differential reinforcement, imitation, and definitions) and doping behavior (past, present, and future use of PED)...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913714/measuring-offenders-belief-in-the-possibility-of-desistance
#9
Kevin O'Sullivan, Rochelle Williams, Xiang Yan Hong, David Bright, Richard Kemp
This article describes the use of a questionnaire to measure offenders' belief in the likelihood of their making a successful re-entry into society after having committed crime, a "belief in redeemability" (BIR) as described by Maruna and King. The 37 items for the scale were taken from statements by offenders about their prospects of making good. This set of items was tested with a pilot group of offenders recruited from clients on parole or on supervised bonds at community corrections offices in metropolitan Sydney, Australia, and their responses were coded to yield a score we called the "BIR" score...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913713/the-allocation-of-sexually-transgressive-juveniles-to-intensive-specialized-treatment-an-assessment-of-the-application-of-rnr-principles
#10
Ellis Ter Beek, Rachel E A van der Rijken, Chris H Z Kuiper, Jan Hendriks, Geert Jan J M Stams
The aim of this study was to compare results of and develop guidelines for mandatory allocation of sexually transgressive juveniles to Multisystemic Therapy - Problem Sexual Behavior (MST-PSB), Secure Youth Care (SYC), or Forensic Youth Care (FYC), based on the risk-need-responsivity model. Results of current allocation showed a population with relatively less treatment needs to receive community-based MST-PSB, compared with populations receiving residential SYC and FYC. Furthermore, estimated recidivism risk levels did not always support the need for risk reduction by the imposition of limitation of freedom of movement and maximum supervision, provided by all three treatment modalities...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913712/money-now-money-later-linking-time-discounting-and-criminal-convictions-in-the-cambridge-study-in-delinquent-development
#11
Alex R Piquero, David P Farrington, Wesley G Jennings
Two prominent criminological theories offer time discounting, or the preference for an immediate reward over a later one, as a central part of understanding involvement in criminal activity. Yet, there exist only a few studies investigating this issue, and they are limited in a few respects. The current study extends prior work in this area by using multiple measures of time discounting collected at three different periods of the life course to examine the link to criminal offending into late middle adulthood in the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884945/evaluation-of-european-domestic-violence-perpetrator-programmes-toward-a-model-for-designing-and-reporting-evaluations-related-to-perpetrator-treatment-interventions
#12
Sarah-Jane Lilley-Walker, Marianne Hester, William Turner
This article is based on a review of 60 evaluations (published and unpublished) relating to European domestic violence perpetrator programmes, involving 7,212 programme participants across 12 countries. The purpose of the review, part of the "IMPACT: Evaluation of European Perpetrator Programmes" project funded by the European Commission (Daphne III Programme), was to provide detailed knowledge about the range of European evaluation studies with particular emphasis on the design, methods, input, output, and outcome measures used in order to identify the possibilities and challenges of a multicountry, Europe-wide evaluation methodology that could be used to assess perpetrator programmes in the future...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864533/calculating-probability-in-sex-offender-risk-assessment
#13
Richard W Elwood
Risk is the probability of an adverse event or outcome. In a previous article, I compared the Bayesian and Frequentist models of defining probability. This article compares the Bayesian and regression models of quantifying probability. Both approaches are widely used in the biomedical and behavioral sciences even though they yield different results. No consensus has emerged as to which is more appropriate. The choice between them remains controversial. This article concludes that the Bayesian model provides a viable alternative to logistic regression and may be more useful in quantifying the absolute recidivism risk of individual sex offenders...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864532/the-impact-of-types-and-extent-of-trauma-on-depressive-affect-among-male-juvenile-sexual-offenders
#14
Jennifer W Jencks, George S Leibowitz
High levels of depression have been found among incarcerated youth, which suggests that mental health problems are associated with delinquent behavior and are part of a constellation of risk factors that contribute to youth entering the juvenile justice system. In this project, we investigated trauma and mental health issues among male youth in residential treatment, and addressed the following questions: (a) Does childhood trauma predict current depression for male juvenile sexual offenders? (b) If so, do different types of traumas predict depressive affect better than others? and, (c) Does extent of trauma exposure predict depression? Data on incarcerated male juvenile sexual offenders were analyzed (n = 379)...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864531/familial-depressive-symptoms-and-delinquency-separate-self-reports-from-mothers-and-their-offspring
#15
Lee Ellis, Anthony Hoskin
Research has documented that both unipolar and bipolar depression are positively correlated with involvement in delinquency and crime. The present study sought to broaden the understanding of these relationships by looking for links between offending and family histories of depressive symptoms in relationship to offspring delinquency. More than 6,000 college students and their mothers provided self-reported information regarding feelings of depression. Students provided self-reports of involvement in various categories of offending and drug use from ages 10 through 18...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864530/why-information-matters-examining-the-consequences-of-suggesting-that-pedophilia-is-immutable
#16
Safiye Tozdan, Anna Kalt, Arne Dekker, Livia B Keller, Stephanie Thiel, Jürgen L Müller, Peer Briken
In this study, the impact of suggesting that pedophilia is immutable on a man's specific self-efficacy for modifying his sexual interest in children was examined in 94 men with a sexual interest in children. The participants were selected from differing contexts and included non-forensic patients, forensic patients, and participants from the Internet. Randomly distributed to two conditions, the mutable condition group received the information that experts consider pedophilia to be modifiable, whereas the immutable condition group received the information that experts consider pedophilia to be stable...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799417/predicting-re-incarceration-status-of-prisoners-in-contemporary-china-applying-western-criminological-theories
#17
Steven F Messner, Jianhong Liu, Yunhan Zhao
Studies have revealed that self-control theory, social learning theory, and strain theory are useful in explaining criminal activity in China. Previous research with Chinese data, however, has focused almost exclusively on samples of adolescents and the minor types of offending that are typically captured in such samples. The present study builds upon prior work by considering the extent to which these three major etiological theories of crime can help differentiate between profiles of Chinese prisoners categorized with respect to re-incarceration status...
October 30, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794135/do-extremely-violent-juveniles-respond-differently-to-treatment
#18
Jessica J Asscher, M Deković, Alithe L Van den Akker, Pier J M Prins, Peter H Van der Laan
This study increases knowledge on effectiveness of treatment for extremely violent (EV) youth by investigating their response to multisystemic therapy (MST). Using data of a randomized controlled trial on effectiveness of MST, we investigated differences in treatment response between EV youth and not extremely violent (NEV) youth. Pre- to post-treatment comparison indicated MST was equally effective for EV and NEV youth, whereas treatment as usual was not effective for either group. Growth curves of within-treatment changes indicated EV youth responded differently to MST than NEV youth...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26449773/leisure-functioning-and-offender-rehabilitation
#19
Alison J Link, D J Williams
This study examined the statistical relationship between offender rehabilitation and leisure functioning of Oregon prisoners ( N = 281) soon to reenter society. The strong positive correlation between leisure functioning and rehabilitation is an important finding of the study. Perception of freedom and intrinsic motivation in leisure, as independent variables, were significantly related to rehabilitation even when controlling for the influence of demographic and important forensic variables. This study provides initial empirical evidence for the importance of leisure in offender rehabilitation and successful offender reentry...
February 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26275414/building-bridges-in-new-jersey
#20
Sami Abdel-Salam, Ashley Kilmer, Laura Monico, Christy A Visher
This article describes the experience and outcomes of the National Institute on Drug Abuse-funded Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies 2 Improving Best Practices in Assessment and Case Planning for Offenders protocol in the state of New Jersey. The protocol was designed to test the effectiveness of an Organizational Process Improvement Intervention in improving four assessment and case planning domains for drug-involved offenders in correctional settings transferring to community treatment based agencies...
February 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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