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International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409073/unpacking-adultification-institutional-experiences-and-misconduct-of-adult-court-and-juvenile-court-youth-living-under-the-same-roof
#1
Darin R Haerle
The present study explores the ability of juvenile waiver policy and the resulting adult court status to impact the experiences and behavior of male youth originating from differing jurisdictions but incarcerated together within state-level juvenile correctional facilities. Using official agency data and youth survey data, this research examines how "adult" status influences behavior for waived youth compared with their juvenile court counterparts. Structural equation modeling and multiple group analysis is used to determine the extent to which adult status moderates the measurement structure of models related to individual characteristics, institutional experiences, and institutional misconduct...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409064/the-adapted-self-report-delinquency-scale-for-adolescents-validity-and-reliability-among-portuguese-youths
#2
Pedro Pechorro, Stephen Houghton, Mário R Simões, Annemaree Carroll
Self-report delinquency scales have contributed greatly to the contemporary basis of our understanding of juvenile delinquency. Nevertheless, they have not been immune to criticism and further improvement and extensive measurement research is still necessary. The present study examined the psychometric properties of one such measure of self-reported delinquency, the Adapted Self-Report Delinquency Scale (ASRDS). The ASRDS was administered to a Portuguese sample of male youths ( N = 470, 12-20 years of age), subdivided into a forensic sample ( n = 217) and a school sample ( n = 253)...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403151/exploring-the-factors-associated-with-rejection-from-a-closed-cybercrime-community
#3
Thomas J Holt, Benoit Dupont
Research examining the illicit online market for cybercrime services operating via web forums, such as malicious software, personal information, and hacking tools, has greatly improved our understanding of the practices of buyers and sellers, and the social forces that structure actor behavior. The majority of these studies are based on open markets, which can be accessed by anyone with minimal barriers to entry. There are, however, closed communities operating online that are thought to operate with greater trust and reliability between participants, as they must be vetted and approved by existing community members...
November 7, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362856/assessing-the-relationship-between-religiosity-and-recidivism-among-adult-probationers-in-pakistan
#4
Mazhar H Bhutta, J Stephen Wormith, Alexandra M Zidenberg
Although empirical evidence supports a relationship between religiosity and criminal behavior, debate continues about the theoretical mechanisms by which they are related. Moreover, the topic has been largely ignored by practicing clinicians and correctional workers. The Muslim Religiosity-Personality Inventory: Abridged was administered to low-risk Pakistani probationers and factor analyzed, after which probationers' recidivism was monitored. Five oblique factors were obtained, three of which were correlated with recidivism (Religious Practice, Religious-Moral Values, and Fundamental Religious Beliefs), as was the full scale, while two were not (Importance of Religion and Rejection of Nonbeliever)...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362852/beyond-the-employment-dichotomy-an-examination-of-recidivism-and-days-remaining-in-the-community-by-post-release-employment-status
#5
Amanda M Bunting, Michele Staton, Erin Winston, Kevin Pangburn
Criminological research has tended to consider employment in a dichotomy of employed versus unemployed. The current research examines a sample of individuals 1-year post-release to assess the extent to which four distinct employment categories (full-time, part-time, disabled, and unemployed) are associated with reincarceration and days remaining in the community. Findings indicate disabled individuals remain in the community longer and at a higher proportion compared with other employment categories. Furthermore, unique protective and risk factors are found to be associated with each employment category while some risk factors (e...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362851/the-criminal-narrative-experience-of-psychopathic-and-personality-disordered-offenders
#6
Katie Goodlad, Maria Ioannou, Melanie Hunter
Given the challenges associated with psychopathic and personality disordered offenders, further insight is needed. One way of doing this is by looking at offending from the first-person perspective. The study investigated the criminal narrative experience (CNE) of this population during the commissioning of crimes. Twenty-two high-risk male offenders were recruited and a questionnaire design was used. The data were analysed using Smallest Space Analysis which revealed four themes consistent with Ioannou, Canter, and Youngs's CNE framework: depressed victim, distressed revenger, calm professional, and elated hero...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30348033/m%C3%A4-ori-men-s-experiences-of-rehabilitation-in-the-moana-house-therapeutic-community-in-aotearoa-new-zealand-a-qualitative-enquiry
#7
Jacob D Ashdown, Gareth J Treharne, Tia Neha, Brian Dixon, Claire Aitken
In Aotearoa/New Zealand, culturally embedded rehabilitation programmes have been developed to reduce criminal offending among the indigenous Māori population. Currently, there is a lack of research investigating the experiences of these programmes from clients' perspectives. This study aimed to enhance understandings of the lived experiences of Māori men who were participating in a residential therapeutic community (TC) programme in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Semistructured interviews were conducted one-on-one by a psychology master's student who was a staff member at the TC and also of Māori descent...
October 22, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338720/resting-heart-rate-and-psychopathy-revisited-findings-from-the-add-health-survey
#8
Nicholas Kavish, Q John Fu, Michael G Vaughn, Zhengmin Qian, Brian B Boutwell
Despite the prior linkages of low resting heart rate to antisocial behavior broadly defined, less work has been done examining possible associations between heart rate to psychopathic traits. The small body of research on the topic that has been conducted so far seems to suggest an inverse relationship between the two constructs. A smaller number of studies has found the opposite result, however, and some of the previous studies have been limited by small sample sizes and unrepresentative samples. The current study attempts to help clarify the relationship between resting heart rate and psychopathic traits in a large, nationally representative sample (analytical N ranged from 14,173-14,220) using an alternative measure of psychopathic traits that is less focused on antisocial processes, and rooted in personality traits...
October 19, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338710/working-county-lines-child-criminal-exploitation-and-illicit-drug-dealing-in-glasgow-and-merseyside
#9
Grace Robinson, Robert McLean, James Densley
This article explores recent developments within the U.K. drug market: that is, the commuting of gang members from major cities to small rural urban areas for the purpose of enhancing their profit from drug distribution. Such practice has come to be known as working "County Lines." We present findings drawn from qualitative research with practitioners working to address serious and organized crime and participants involved in street gangs and illicit drug supply in both Glasgow and Merseyside, United Kingdom...
October 19, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311822/participant-evaluation-of-twelve-step-group-linkage-for-jailed-women-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#10
Yael Chatav Schonbrun, Megan Kurth, Jennifer Johnson, Christine Timko, Michael Stein
Jailed women are an underserved population with elevated rates of alcohol use disorders. Brief jail stays make delivery of case management and traditional alcohol treatment impractical yet women face significant reentry challenges with few help resources. Accounting for these challenges, linking jailed women with a twelve-step program volunteer for a one-on-one meeting has been hypothesized to provide a means of support that can transition with women after jail discharge. In-jail meetings are theoretically consistent with the common twelve-step practice of conducting twelve-step calls...
October 12, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311811/a-preliminary-investigation-of-the-intersection-of-race-and-disabilities-among-inmates-in-the-u-s-state-prison-system
#11
Natasha A Baloch, Wesley G Jennings
The American prison system is overcrowded with minorities in general, and African Americans, in particular. The Department of Justice notes that more than 50% of the prison population have some type of mental disability. In this study, we examine the intersection between race and disabilities in the U.S. State prison system. Using the Rehabilitation Services Administration data set, the study highlights the prevalence and type of disabilities in the prison inmate population. Results demonstrate that African American inmates are overrepresented among inmates with disabilities, are more likely to have mental disabilities relative to physical disabilities, and these results hold for various types of mental disabilities including cognitive, psychosocial, and other mental disabilities...
October 12, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270707/bridging-neuropsychology-and-forensic-psychology-executive-function-overlaps-with-the-central-eight-risk-and-need-factors
#12
Jeremy Cheng, Megan E O'Connell, J Stephen Wormith
Recent research expanded theoretical frameworks of criminality to include biosocial perspectives. This article advances the biosocial integration into traditional criminological theories by focusing on the potential contribution of executive function (EF) to Andrews and Bonta's risk-need-responsivity (RNR) model. EF encompasses a collection of abilities critical to adaptive human functioning, many of which seem to underlie criminogenic risk and need factors. Although the assessment of EF can be elusive, research suggests that offenders with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) experience EF deficits...
September 30, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270703/the-preference-for-strangulation-in-a-sexually-motivated-serial-killer
#13
Mark Pettigrew
The existing literature on the killing method of choice for sexually motivated serial killers suggests strangulation as the preferable means of homicide, when the victim is female. When homicide victims are male, however, existing research suggests that firearms and blades are preferable methods of causing death. A case is presented here of a sexually motivated male serial killer who exclusively targeted males and who chose strangulation as his means of killing. Analysis suggests that not only is the psychological constitution of the killer an important factor in understanding how they kill victims but, also, the nature of the sexual act is an important determinant in the method of killing in male on male sexually motivated killing...
September 30, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270702/the-impact-of-dual-diagnosis-on-drug-court-failure
#14
Haley R Zettler
There is limited research investigating the relationship between dual diagnosis and drug court outcomes. The current study examines the relationship between dual diagnosis and drug court failure by specific failure type. Utilizing data from a large urban drug court in the Southwestern United States, the study finds mixed results regarding the impact of dual diagnosis on drug court failure. Specifically, while there was no evidence that dual diagnosis predicted overall success/failure, dual diagnosis significantly increased the odds of serious program failure (e...
September 30, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261782/making-good-in-unpromising-places-the-development-and-cultivation-of-redemption-scripts-among-long-term-prisoners
#15
Karen Bullock, Annie Bunce, Daniel McCarthy
Generally regarded as an institution which frustrates rather than enables the process of desisting from crime, the potential for prisoners to find redemption in prison seems bleak. Despite unpromising conditions within the prison, we find strong evidence of reform and a desire to make amends among a cohort of long-term prisoners. While these prisoners were all participating in a rehabilitation program, their narratives of reform were highly individualized and situated in the context of their various experiences of long sentences...
September 28, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238804/a-qualitative-examination-of-the-experiences-of-veterans-treatment-court-graduates-in-allegheny-county-pennsylvania
#16
Janice D McCall, Keri L Rodriguez, Debra Barnisin-Lange, Adam J Gordon
U.S. Veterans treatment courts (VTCs) serve justice-involved Veterans with behavioral health and reintegration issues. However, there is paucity of efforts examining VTC participants' experiences and distinguishing the unique operations of VTCs. We summarize a descriptive history of a large VTC program in a major metropolitan area (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) and examine the experiences of this VTC's participants. We used content analysis to code VTC graduation proceeding transcripts with complementary content data from resources distributed by the presiding Judge to entering participants...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30207180/prisoners-personal-networks-in-the-months-preceding-prison-a-descriptive-portrayal
#17
Paul E Bellair, Ryan Light, James Sutton
This study examined personal networks of adult male prisoners ( N = 250) during a high-risk period prior to their incarceration. We present a descriptive portrait of network size, density, and relational type, and we then document the nature of ties within that network, focusing specifically on alters' criminal involvement, criminal opportunity, and reinforcement of criminal behavior. We found that prisoners' networks were large and dense, and that they were composed primarily of family and romantic partners...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30205724/applying-a-strengths-based-psychoeducational-model-of-rehabilitation-to-the-treatment-of-intimate-partner-violence-program-theory-and-logic-model
#18
Erica Bowen, Kate Walker, Emma Holdsworth
In the United Kingdom, there is an increasing need to develop prevention programs for intimate partner violence and abuse (IPVA). However, this need has increased within a context of increasing financial pressure. Consequently, commissioners are expressing interest in models of prevention that are brief. This article first reviews the effectiveness of domestic violence (DV) prevention programs, including those from England and Wales. This article then describes the theoretical development of an emerging IPVA prevention program that combines solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) methods...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198362/characteristics-of-female-youth-offenders-in-new-zealand
#19
Stacey Lim, Ian Lambie, Annik van Toledo
Female youth offending is poorly understood, despite increased rates of such offending. Research indicates there are a range of factors that have a causal impact on the development of offending in young people. This study investigated risk factors using a retrospective file audit of 184 female youth offenders in New Zealand. The findings were classified using Bronfenbrenner's ecological model, which highlights the different contextual levels that influence behavior, including individual, family, peer, school, community, and cultural factors...
September 10, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183442/fanning-the-flames-understanding-gang-involvement-among-philippine-prisoners
#20
Sou Lee, Raymund E Narag
Utilizing intensive interview and observational data from inmates in one of the most overcrowded and underresourced jail in Metro Manila, Philippines, this study presents the first in-depth analysis of the factors associated with pangkat (prison gangs) and querna (nongang affiliation) membership. The results suggest that inmates join pangkats to ensure their safety and survival. In contrast, those who remain unaffiliated do so given their negative perceptions of the pangkat, sufficient access to social support, and desire to maintain their preprison identity...
September 5, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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