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International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201929/public-attitudes-toward-the-police
#1
Ni Phil He, Ling Ren, Jihong Solomon Zhao, Matthew A Bills
Using telephone survey data collected in Houston, Texas, this study explores the feasibility of a dual-frame (landline and cell-phone-only household samples) design survey in police studies and compares the corresponding characteristics of survey respondents and multiple measures of citizens' attitudes toward the police. It was found that a cell-phone interview with the same scope and length of a landline interview is indeed operationally feasible, albeit at higher cost and lower response rate. Compared with their landline counterparts, respondents in our cell-phone-only sample are younger, males, members of ethnic minority, renters, mobile, and less educated...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201928/movie-piracy-networks-at-alaba-international-market-lagos-nigeria
#2
Oludayo Tade, Okoro Paul Mmahi
This study examined the veiled chain of film piracy, a major crime in the Nigeria entertainment industry. Studies on film piracy in Nigeria have focused on its economic implications, both on the copyright owners and on the Nigerian economy. The organization of the activities of the film pirates has, however, been neglected. Narratives were extracted through in-depth interviews with pirates, "marketers," and "producers." Data indicated that pirates were insiders in the film marketing industry and included importers of foreign movies, registered and nonregistered retailers of Nigerian films, as well as marketers appointed by copyright owners to distribute their films...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187691/the-factor-structure-of-the-aggression-questionnaire-with-violent-offenders
#3
Cathrine Pettersen, Kevin L Nunes, Franca Cortoni
The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) is a self-report measure of aggressiveness commonly employed in nonforensic and forensic settings and is included in violent offender pre- and posttreatment assessment batteries. The aim of the current study was to assess the fit of the four-factor model of the AQ with violent offenders ( N = 271), a population for which the factor structure of the English version of the AQ has not previously been examined. Confirmatory factor analyses did not yield support for the four-factor model of the original 29-item AQ...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176542/an-exploratory-study-of-the-effects-of-work-environment-variables-on-job-satisfaction-among-chinese-prison-staff
#4
Shanhe Jiang, Eric G Lambert, Jianhong Liu, Jinwu Zhang
Job satisfaction has been linked to many positive outcomes, such as greater work performance, increased organizational commitment, reduced job burnout, decreased absenteeism, and lower turnover intent/turnover. A substantial body of research has examined how work environment variables are linked to job satisfaction among U.S. correctional staff; far less research has examined prison staff in non-Western nations, especially China. Using survey data collected from two prisons in Guangzhou, China, this study investigated the level of job satisfaction among prison staff and how personal characteristics (i...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176527/examining-the-effects-of-intensive-supervision-and-aftercare-programs-for-at-risk-youth
#5
Jessica Bouchard, Jennifer S Wong
Community correctional sentences are administered to more juvenile offenders in North America than any other judicial sentence. Particularly prominent in juvenile corrections is intensive supervision probation and aftercare/reentry, yet the effects of these supervision-oriented interventions on recidivism are mixed. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to determine the effects of intensive supervision probation and aftercare/reentry on juvenile recidivism. An extensive search of the literature and application of strict inclusion criteria resulted in the selection of 27 studies that contributed 55 individual effect sizes...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152636/needs-and-achievements-of-the-juvenile-justice-system
#6
Miguel Basto-Pereira, Sofia Ribeiro, Ângela Maia
Over the last decade, studies have evaluated the effectiveness of interventions for juvenile offenders; nonetheless, those studies were more focused on recidivism than on the mechanisms associated with criminal perpetration. The current study explores the role of juvenile justice involvement and detention measures in a set of psychological, social, and criminal behavior characteristics in early adulthood. Seventy-five young adults with official records of juvenile delinquency in 2010-2011 and 240 young adults from the community filled out our protocol in 2014-2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142294/organizational-factors-and-probation-officer-use-of-evidence-based-practices
#7
Jill Viglione, Brandy L Blasko, Faye S Taxman
Growing evidence pointing to the ineffectiveness of control-oriented supervision practices has led to an emphasis on evidence-based practices (EBPs), or practices that are empirically tied to recidivism reduction. Research on EBPs in probation highlights the importance of case management-oriented supervision and provision of proactive, appropriate program referrals. Despite research support, challenges exist regarding implementing EBPs in real-world practice. Utilizing survey data from 813 adult probation officers across 43 agencies, the current study examined variation in use of case management and proactive referral practices...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129703/risk-factors-associated-with-near-lethal-suicide-attempts-during-incarceration-among-men-in-the-spanish-prison-system
#8
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Noelle Fearn, Michael G Vaughn
Studies conducted worldwide indicate that near-lethal suicide attempts are common among incarcerated populations. However, little research attention has been focused on the Spanish prison population. To address this gap in the literature, data were drawn from a sample of men ( N = 2,270) incarcerated in seven prisons in Spain. We compared sociodemographic, criminal/offense, health and mental health, and life events in prison variables between inmates who reported making near-lethal suicide attempts ( n = 616) and those who did not ( n = 1,654) during their current incarceration term...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114876/the-relation-between-a-sense-of-meaning-in-life-and-suicide-potential-among-disadvantaged-adolescent-girls
#9
Y Aviad-Wilchek, Vered Ne'eman-Haviv
The study examines the influence of the sense of meaning in life, or its absence, on the suicide potential of disadvantaged adolescent girls in Israel who reside in boarding school ( n = 50) compared with adolescent girls in a rehabilitation project ( n = 31), and between them and normative adolescent girls ( n = 128). The research findings indicate a negative relation between meaning in life and suicide potential, which exists only among the normative adolescent girls and the disadvantaged adolescent girls residing in the boarding school...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107793/does-violence-in-adolescence-differentially-predict-offending-patterns-in-early-adulthood
#10
Stephanie M Cardwell, Alex R Piquero
Previous research is mixed on whether the commission of a violent offense in adolescence is predictive of criminal career characteristics. In the current study, we addressed the following: (a) What factors predict the commission of serious violence in mid-adolescence? and (b) Does involvement in serious violence in mid-adolescence lead to more chronic and/or more heterogeneous patterns of offending in early adulthood? Data were obtained from the Pathways to Desistance Study, a longitudinal study of serious adolescent offenders in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Phoenix, Arizona...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100098/analyzing-further-predictors-of-correctional-officer-professional-orientations
#11
Frank Valentino Ferdik, Phillip Hills
Four professional orientations to which correctional officers can ascribe have been identified in extant literature, and they include the counseling roles, concern for corruption of authority, social distance, and punitive ideologies. Studies have generally found officer demographics and correctional working conditions to be significant predictors of these orientations. No study to date, however, has examined the predictive influence of officer voluntary resignation intentions. Linear regression equations using questionnaire data from a statewide population of maximum security correctional officers ( N = 649) were therefore estimated to explore whether officer desires to terminate their employment accounted for variance in their self-reported orientations...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077021/mainlandization-the-icac-and-the-seriousness-attached-by-local-politicians-to-corruption-in-post-1997-hong-kong
#12
Li Li, T Wing Lo
To date, few studies have focused on how the public has perceived the effectiveness of the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC). Furthermore, little is known about how the public has assessed the functions of the ICAC during the political-economic convergence between Hong Kong and mainland China since 1997. This study attempts to explore local politicians' perceptions towards the ICAC in post-1997 Hong Kong. The quantitative data show that the important historical juncture of mainlandization has been politicized in Hong Kong and has deeply influenced the seriousness attached by local politicians to corruption...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076983/multidimensional-family-therapy-reduces-self-reported-criminality-among-adolescents-with-a-cannabis-use-disorder
#13
Thimo M van der Pol, Craig E Henderson, Vincent Hendriks, Michael P Schaub, Henk Rigter
Multidimensional family therapy (MDFT) is an established treatment program for youth displaying multiproblem behavior. We examined whether MDFT decreased criminal offending among cannabis abusing adolescents, as compared with individual psychotherapy (IP). In a Western European randomized controlled trial comparing MDFT with IP, a sample of 169 adolescents with a cannabis disorder completed self-reports on criminal offending. Half indicated they had committed one or more criminal offenses in the 90 days before the baseline assessment...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073322/effects-of-group-focused-cognitive-behavioral-coaching-program-on-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-inmates-in-a-nigerian-prison
#14
Chiedu Eseadi, Mabel A Obidoa, Shulamite E Ogbuabor, Amaka B Ikechukwu-Ilomuanya
This study investigated the effects that a group-focused cognitive-behavioral coaching program had on depressive symptoms of a sample of inmates from Nsukka Prisons, Enugu State, Nigeria. The design of the study was pretest-posttest control group . The participants were 30 male inmates, experiencing high levels of depressive symptoms, and randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. The primary outcome measure was depression symptoms as measured using Beck's Depression Inventory. Repeated-measures ANOVA and the Mann-Whitney U Test were used for data analysis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26246368/-first-stop-dying
#15
Michael Hallett, Joshua Hays, Byron Johnson, Sung Joon Jang, Grant Duwe
This article offers an ethnographic account of the "self-projects" of inmate graduates of Louisiana State Penitentiary's (aka "Angola's") unique prison seminary program. Angola's Inmate Minister program deploys seminary graduates in bivocational pastoral service roles throughout America's largest maximum-security prison. Drawing upon the unique history of Angola, inmates establish their own churches and serve in lay-ministry capacities in hospice, cellblock visitation, tier ministry, officiating inmate funerals, and through tithing with "care packages" for indigent prisoners...
March 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26224284/subjective-accounts-of-the-turning-points-that-facilitate-desistance-from-intimate-partner-violence
#16
Kate Walker, Erica Bowen, Sarah Brown, Emma Sleath
The transition from persistence to desistance in male perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV) is an understudied phenomenon. This article examines the factors that initiate and facilitate primary desistance from IPV. The narratives of 22 male perpetrators of IPV (13 desisters and 9 persisters), 7 female survivors, and 9 programme (IPV interventions) facilitators, in England, were analysed using thematic analysis. In their accounts, the participants described how the change from persister to desister did not happen as a result of discrete unique incidents but instead occurred through a number of catalysts or stimuli of change...
March 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26205683/the-effectiveness-of-challenging-skills-in-work-with-young-offenders
#17
Chris Trotter, Phillipa Evans, Susan Baidawi
Probation officers and others who work with young offenders often challenge or confront their clients in relation to pro-criminal comments and criminal behaviour. There is, however, very little research that can inform practitioners about which forms of challenging most effectively engage young people. This study examines the use of challenging by youth justice workers in New South Wales, Australia. Researchers observed and audiotaped 116 interviews between youth justice workers and their clients with a view to examining the nature of challenging used by workers and the response of young people to different forms of challenging...
March 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26188346/gender-comparison-of-young-people-charged-with-murder-in-england-and-wales
#18
F Jeane Gerard, Kevin D Browne, Kate C Whitfield
This study investigated gender differences regarding young people charged with murder in England and Wales. A sample of 318 cases was collected from the Home Office's Homicide Index and analysed. Of these cases, 93% of the offenders were male and 7% female. The analyses explored gender differences in terms of the offender's race, offender's age, victim's age, victim's gender, weapon used, offender-victim relationship, and circumstances of the offence. The study found that a female offender was significantly more likely to murder a family member than a male offender, and a male offender was significantly more likely to murder a stranger than a female offender...
March 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26188344/the-causes-of-change-and-no-change-in-substance-users-talk-during-motivational-interviewing-in-the-probation-service-in-finland
#19
Harri Sarpavaara
This article explores the beliefs regarding the causes of change and no-change of substance-using clients during motivational interviewing (MI) sessions in probation service context. The analyses are based on videotaped and transcribed data consisting of 98 MI sessions in 12 probation service offices in Finland from 2007 to 2009. The analysis relies on coding of client's change-related talk utterances and qualitative semiotic framework. The results show that the clients attributed various causes to change and no-change...
March 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26169567/an-evaluation-of-the-reliability-construct-validity-and-factor-structure-of-the-static-2002r
#20
Sandy Jung, Liam Ennis, Chantal A Hermann, Anna T Pham, Alberto L Choy, Gabriela Corabian, Tarah Hook
The fundamental psychometric properties of the subscales found in the Static-2002R, an actuarial measure of sexual recidivism risk, were evaluated in the current study. Namely, the reliability, concurrent and construct validity, and factor structure of the Static-2002R subscales were examined with a sample of 372 adult male sex offenders. In addition to using validated measures of sexual violence risk to examine concurrent validity, construct-related measures taken from extant risk measures and psychometric tests were correlated with three of the subscales to assess overall construct validity...
March 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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