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Journal of Youth and Adolescence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424952/preadolescents-emotional-and-prosocial-responses-to-negative-tv-news-investigating-the-beneficial-effects-of-constructive-reporting-and-peer-discussion
#1
Mariska Kleemans, Luise F Schlindwein, Roos Dohmen
Watching news is important for preadolescents, but it may also harm their well-being. This study examined whether applying insights from positive psychology to news production can reduce this potential harm, by reducing negative emotional responses and enhancing positive emotional responses to negative news, and by encouraging prosocial intentions. Moreover, we explored whether peer discussion strengthened these effects. Preadolescents (n = 336; 9-13 years old; 48.5% female) were exposed to either constructive (solution-based news including positive emotions) or nonconstructive news...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421391/epidemiology-of-suicide-attempts-among-youth-transitioning-to-adulthood
#2
Martie P Thompson, Kevin Swartout
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for older adolescents and young adults. Although empirical literature has identified important risk factors of suicidal behavior, it is less understood if changes in risk factors correspond with changes in suicide risk. To address this knowledge gap, we assessed if there were different trajectories of suicidal behavior as youth transition into young adulthood and determined what time-varying risk factors predicted these trajectories. This study used four waves of data spanning approximately 13 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393282/trajectories-of-internalized-heterosexism-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Jae A Puckett, Brian A Feinstein, Michael E Newcomb, Brian Mustanski
Minority stress, or the unique stressors encountered by sexual minorities, has a significant impact on the mental health and well-being of this population. One minority stressor, internalized heterosexism, refers to incorporating stigma against sexual minorities into one's self-concept as a product of social bias. This minority stressor has been consistently related to worse mental health in sexual minorities. We evaluated experiences of internalized heterosexism longitudinally, over 24 months, in a sample of 450 young men who have sex with men (YMSM; age range = 16-20 years old at baseline)...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389840/children-s-and-adolescents-expectations-about-challenging-unfair-group-norms
#4
Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Melanie Killen
Youth often hold group norms that perpetuate inequality. One way these norms can be changed is by challenging these norms by choosing to include new members into these groups who hold morally just norms. In the current study, children's and adolescents' inclusion decisions and social reasoning about challenging group norms through inclusion were investigated. The sample included 9-10 (children) and 13-14 year-olds (adolescents) (N = 673, 54.4% female). Participants supported including challengers into groups holding norms supporting relational aggression and unequal allocation of resources, but they were less likely to support including a challenger into a physically aggressive group...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382462/adolescent-agentic-orientations-contemporaneous-family-influence-parental-biography-and-intergenerational-development
#5
Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson, Steven Hitlin
Agentic orientations developed in adolescence have been linked to better health, well-being, and achievements in the years following. This study examines longitudinal parental influences on the development of adolescent children's agentic orientations, captured by the core constructs of mastery beliefs and generalized life expectations. Drawing on multigenerational panel data from the United States (1991-2011), the study examines contemporaneous family factors, but also how parental biographies (their own transition to adulthood) and parents' own adolescent agentic orientations influence their adolescent children...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382461/longitudinal-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-in-latino-emerging-adults
#6
Carolina Villamil Grest, Hortensia Amaro, Jennifer Unger
Despite the prevalence of intimate partner violence in emerging adulthood, literature focused on this life stage among Latinos remains limited. This longitudinal study examined acculturation; traditional gender role attitudes; use of alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco; and depressive symptoms in 10th grade as predictors of intimate partner violence perpetration and victimization among Latino emerging adults (N = 823; 58% female). Average age of participants was 15.5 years in 10th grade and 22.7 years in emerging adulthood...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378094/transition-to-a-new-country-acculturative-and-developmental-predictors-for-changes-in-self-efficacy-among-adolescent-immigrants
#7
Peter F Titzmann, Philipp Jugert
Self-efficacy is a key personal resource in individual development and successful adaptation, and it can serve innumerable purposes. Our study investigated levels and change rates in self-efficacy among newcomer and more experienced immigrant adolescents and tested whether acculturation-related and developmental variables explained inter-individual differences in self-efficacy in both groups. The sample comprised 480 newcomer (59% female, 15.8 years old) and 483 experienced (55% female, 15.9 years old) immigrant adolescents, assessed in four annual waves...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365901/a-jury-of-their-peers-a-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-teen-court-on-criminal-recidivism
#8
Jessica Bouchard, Jennifer S Wong
Juvenile delinquency has been on the decline for a number of years, yet, juvenile courts continue to assess more than 1 million cases per year. Involvement with the juvenile justice system has been linked to a number of risk factors and consequences that may impact positive youth development; however, evidence-based correctional programs that divert juvenile offenders away from formal processing are limited. Teen Court is a specialized diversion intervention that offers an alternative to traditional court processing for juvenile offenders...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364210/being-poorer-than-the-rest-of-the-neighborhood-relative-deprivation-and-problem-behavior-of-youth
#9
Jaap Nieuwenhuis, Maarten van Ham, Rongqin Yu, Susan Branje, Wim Meeus, Pieter Hooimeijer
According to the neighborhood effects hypothesis, there is a negative relation between neighborhood wealth and youth's problem behavior. It is often assumed that there are more problems in deprived neighborhoods, but there are also reports of higher rates of behavioral problems in more affluent neighborhoods. Much of this literature does not take into account relative wealth. Our central question was whether the economic position of adolescents' families, relative to the neighborhood in which they lived, was related to adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problem behavior...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361197/aspirations-expectations-and-delinquency-the-moderating-effect-of-impulse-control
#10
Alissa Mahler, Cortney Simmons, Paul J Frick, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
Although prior research finds a robust link between delinquent behavior and expectations, or an adolescent's perceived likelihood of obtaining one's future goals, fewer studies have evaluated aspirations, or the perceived importance of achieving one's goals. In addition, few studies consider how individual traits such as impulsivity affect the degree to which expectations and aspirations motivate or deter delinquent behavior. We contribute to this body of research by evaluating the independent effects of expectations and aspirations, and the aspiration-expectation gap (i...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361196/gender-identity-disparities-in-bathroom-safety-and-wellbeing-among-high-school-students
#11
Laura J Wernick, Alex Kulick, Matthew Chin
By examining the relationship between trans identity, bathroom safety and wellbeing among high school students, this article empirically investigates how educational institutions operate as sites through which gender is negotiated in ways that are consequential for trans youth. We draw cross-sectional survey data, from a multi-school climate survey (n = 1046) conducted in the Midwestern United States, to examine three aspects of high school students' wellbeing: safety at school, self-esteem, and grades...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357678/reconsidering-parenting-in-chinese-culture-subtypes-stability-and-change-of-maternal-parenting-style-during-early-adolescence
#12
Wenxin Zhang, Xing Wei, Linqin Ji, Liang Chen, Kirby Deater-Deckard
Parenting in Chinese culture has been a central topic and there have been debate on whether western-derived parenting style is applicable to Chinese cultures in terms of both behavioral profiles and their relationships with child and adolescent adjustment. This study identified the subtypes of Chinese maternal parenting style and examined their stability and changes over the transition to early adolescence. In an urban Chinese sample (N = 2173, 48% girls), four waves of longitudinal data were collected when the adolescents were in the fifth (M = 11...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349244/parent-adolescent-discrepancies-regarding-adolescents-peer-related-loneliness-associations-with-adolescent-adjustment
#13
Annette W M Spithoven, Janne Vanhalst, Gerine Lodder, Patricia Bijttebier, Luc Goossens
Because loneliness is a subjective experience, it is often examined using self-reports. Yet, researchers have started to use other-reports to examine loneliness. As previous research suggests that discrepancies between self- and other views might have important implications for adolescents' mental health, the current study examines discrepancies in multi-informant reports on adolescents' loneliness in relation with prosocial behavior, aggression, and adolescents' parent-related loneliness. The sample consisted of 374 mother-adolescent dyads and 318 father-adolescent dyads (41...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343261/stress-processes-linking-parent-child-disconnection-to-disease-risk-in-young-adulthood-amplification-by-genotype
#14
Dayoung Bae, Kandauda A S Wickrama
Previous studies have documented that early stressful family relationships influence subsequent stressful life circumstances and health outcomes over the life course. Less is known, however, about whether stressful parent-child relationships increase the influence of proximal stressors on youth health operating as a stress-sensitizing life context, and individual genetic variations have effects on these developmental processes. Informed by life course stress process theory, which focuses on the proliferation, accumulation, and interactions of stressors over the life course as health risks, we examined whether (a) parent-child disconnection influences the occurrence of stressful life events in young adulthood, (b) parent-child disconnection potentiates the impact of stressful life events on young adults' health, or (c) potential health impact is intensified further by individual genotype...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337584/-i-can-t-take-hold-of-some-kind-of-a-life-the-role-of-social-connectedness-and-confidence-in-engaging-lost-adolescents-with-their-lives
#15
Nicole M Ja, Paul E Jose
Erik Erikson's theoretical writings on identity have provided a rich foundation upon which decades of research on identity development have been built. However, literature is lacking regarding adolescents who are aware that they lack knowledge about the self (i.e., values, likes, and dislikes) to the extent that they are stuck and directionless, and therefore unable to engage in the process of identity formation, what we refer to as a state of "lostness." Furthermore, while it has been established that supportive relationships facilitate identity development, less is known about whether various domains of social connectedness may diminish "lostness" over time, and if so, what may be the specific processes or conditions within each connectedness domain that supports this aspect of identity development...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337583/toward-a-research-agenda-building-character-strengths-in-school-settings
#16
EDITORIAL
Andrew Sokatch
Character strengths matter for long term success, and a growing body of evidence suggests that schools can be powerful places, and teachers powerful agents, by which these strengths are developed in adolescence. The articles in this volume move the field forward in important ways, and lead to a clear research agenda focused on creating testable interventions to build school and classroom environments that will assist young people in growing and leveraging these critical strengths.
March 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332053/modeling-pathways-of-character-development-across-the-first-three-decades-of-life-an-application-of-integrative-data-analysis-techniques-to-understanding-the-development-of-hopeful-future-expectations
#17
Kristina Schmid Callina, Sara K Johnson, Jonathan M Tirrell, Milena Batanova, Michelle B Weiner, Richard M Lerner
There were two purposes of the present research: first, to add to scholarship about a key character virtue, hopeful future expectations; and second, to demonstrate a recent innovation in longitudinal methodology that may be especially useful in enhancing the understanding of the developmental course of hopeful future expectations and other character virtues that have been the focus of recent scholarship in youth development. Burgeoning interest in character development has led to a proliferation of short-term, longitudinal studies on character...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332052/the-varieties-of-character-and-some-implications-for-character-education
#18
Jason Baehr
The moral and civic dimensions of personal character have been widely recognized and explored. Recent work by philosophers, psychologists, and education theorists has drawn attention to two additional dimensions of character: intellectual character and "performance" character. This article sketches a "four-dimensional" conceptual model of personal character and some of the character strengths or "virtues" proper to each dimension. In addition to exploring how the dimensions of character are related to each other, the article also examines the implications of this account for character education undertaken in a youth or adolescent context...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316057/more-than-just-child-s-play-an-experimental-investigation-of-the-impact-of-an-appearance-focused-internet-game-on-body-image-and-career-aspirations-of-young-girls
#19
Amy Slater, Emma Halliwell, Hannah Jarman, Emma Gaskin
In recent years, elements of the modern environment (such as television, Internet, toys and clothes) have been criticized for having an increasingly sexualized or appearance focus, which has been suggested to be detrimental to girls' development. The current study examined the impact of an appearance-focused Internet game on young girls' body image and career cognitions and aspirations. Eighty British girls aged 8-9 years were randomly assigned to play an appearance-focused or a non-appearance focused game for 10 minutes...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315188/social-goals-impact-adolescent-substance-use-through-influencing-adolescents-connectedness-to-their-schools
#20
Samuel N Meisel, Craig R Colder
Although developmental models of risk behavior highlight the role of school connectedness in the etiology of adolescent substance use, no studies to our knowledge have assessed longitudinal mediational models examining how adolescents form bonds to their school, and how the quality of those bonds relate to substance use. To address this gap, the current study used four waves of data, spanning ages 11-16 (grades 5-11), to examine the association between individual differences in agentic (Dominance/Power) and communal (Nurturance/Affiliation) social goals and school connectedness, and in turn, whether levels of school connectedness are associated with substance use...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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