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Journal of Youth and Adolescence

Leah M Lessard, Kara Kogachi, Jaana Juvonen
Cross-ethnic friendships are linked to a range of positive outcomes in adolescence, but have been shown to be lower quality and less stable than same-ethnic friendships. The current study examined how classroom diversity and out-of-school contact contribute to these relational differences between cross-and same-ethnic friendships. Multilevel analyses were conducted on a sample of 9,171 classroom-based friends nested within 4,333 ethnically diverse sixth grade students (54% female; 32% Latino, 20% White, 14% East/Southeast Asian, 12% African American, 14% Multiethnic, 8% Other ethnic)...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Gabriela Ksinan Jiskrova, Alexander T Vazsonyi, Jana Klánová, Ladislav Dušek
Chronotype, or morningness/eveningness, has been associated with adjustment in both children and adolescents. Specifically, eveningness has been linked to adjustment difficulties; however, the mechanism underlying this association is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to test whether the associations between eveningness and adjustment difficulties could be explained by an unfavorable impact of eveningness on sleep. Links from chronotype to internalizing problems and problem behaviors via sleep quantity and sleep problems were tested in a sample from the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (N = 3485; 48...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Lester Sim, Su Yeong Kim, Minyu Zhang, Yishan Shen
Language brokering is a prevalent phenomenon in ethnic minority immigrant populations. Although accruing evidence points to the beneficial impacts of healthy role identity development, research investigating the formation of a language broker role identity in language brokering adolescents is lacking in the literature. In a sample of 604 Latinx adolescents (54.3% female; Mage at Time 1 = 12.41, SD = .97), structured equation modeling was conducted with maternal warmth and hostility examined as antecedents and adolescents' life meaning as a mediator for language broker role identities...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Allison Hilmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Muhammed Yildiz, Emirhan Demirhan, Suheyl Gurbuz
Multilevel research on whether and how contextual socioeconomic disadvantage affects adolescent suicidal behaviors is scarce. Using data from the first two waves (1994/95 and 1996) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 13,335; 49.63% girls; Mage  = 15.02 years), this study examined (1) the association between area-level socioeconomic disadvantage and adolescent suicide attempts over and above individual-level socioeconomic factors, (2) the moderating role of gender, and (3) the mediating roles of contextually relevant stressors and available psychosocial resources...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Jungeun Olivia Lee, Tiffany M Jones, Yoewon Yoon, Daniel A Hackman, Joan P Yoo, Rick Kosterman
Young adulthood represents a developmental period with disproportionately heightened risk of losing a job. Young adult unemployment has been linked to increased mental health problems, at least in the short term. However, their possible long-term impacts, often referred as "scarring effects," have been understudied, possibly underestimating the magnitude of mental health burden that young adult unemployment generates. This longitudinal study examined whether duration of unemployment during young adulthood is associated with later mental health disorders, after accounting for mental and behavioral health problems in childhood...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Nicole Legate, Netta Weinstein, Andrew K Przybylski
Little is known about how parents may protect against cyberbullying, a growing problem-behavior among youth. Guided by self-determination theory, a theory concerned with effectively motivating and regulating behavior, six preregistered hypotheses concerning parenting strategies of regulating cyberbullying behavior were tested in 1004 parent-child dyads (45.9% female adolescents; adolescents were either 14 (49.5%) or 15 (50.5%) years old). The results largely supported hypotheses: Parents who used more autonomy-supportive strategies-understanding the adolescent's perspective, offering choice, and giving rationales for prohibitions-had adolescents who reported engaging in less cyberbullying than parents who used controlling strategies (especially using guilt, shame, and conditional regard)...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Dian A de Vries, Helen G M Vossen, Paulien van der Kolk-van der Boom
Previous research has shown that adolescents´ social media use predicts increased body dissatisfaction. However, little is known about social environmental factors that may attenuate this relationship. This study examines one such potential moderating social environmental factor: positive parent-adolescent relationships. A school-based survey was conducted among 440 adolescents aged 12 to 19 (M = 14.9, SD = 1.8, 47% female). On average, social media use was positively associated with body dissatisfaction, but this relationship was weaker among adolescents who reported a more positive mother-adolescent relationship...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Elana R McDermott, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Katharine H Zeiders
The approaches Latina/o youth use for coping with discrimination have important consequences for their adjustment. Yet, little research has examined how adolescents draw on different coping strategies and how patterns of strategies may differentially predict their outcomes. The current investigation examined adolescents' patterns of coping strategies, changes in these patterns over time, and whether profile membership or transitions in profile membership related to adolescent adjustment. Among a longitudinal sample of Latina/o adolescents (N = 323, 49...
November 23, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Eric J Connolly, Nicholas Kavish
An extensive line of research has found that children exposed to multiple forms of early life adversity are more likely to engage in high levels of delinquent behavior during adolescence. Several studies examining this association have used a range of multivariate statistical techniques capable of controlling for observable covariates. Fewer studies have used family-based research designs to additionally control for unobservable confounds, such as genetic and shared environmental influences, that may be associated with exposure to childhood adversity and delinquency...
November 23, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Chris Fradkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
E Olivier, I Archambault, M De Clercq, B Galand
Student self-efficacy, behavioral engagement, and emotional engagement are key factors for academic achievement. Research has yet to identify the developmental cascades linking these four constructs. Three theoretical frameworks, i.e., Self-Efficacy Theory, the Self-System Model of Motivational Development, and Expectancy-Value Theory, suggest different nexus. Following 671 students (51.8% girls) from their 4th to 6th grade, this study aims to assess competing hypotheses from these three frameworks in math...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Russell B Toomey, Amy K Syvertsen, Melissa Flores
Sexual orientation disparities in suicide behavior are well-documented. Yet, few studies have examined how developmental assets - key values, self-perceptions, skills, relationships, and opportunities that have been identified as the building blocks of positive youth development - are associated with suicide behaviors, particularly among sexual minority youth. This study examined concurrent associations between young people's developmental assets and suicidal behavior by sexual orientation using a large sample of 116,925 in-school U...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Felice Resnik, Amy Bellmore
Peer victimization is a common experience among high school students and is associated with many negative adjustment outcomes, making it necessary to investigate the individual and contextual factors that may ameliorate the consequences of peer victimization. The current study explores whether social competence offline and online mediates the relationship between peer victimization and psychological adjustment for adolescents. High school students (n = 303, Mage  = 15.83, 65.2% female) reported about their peer victimization experiences, social skills, perceptions of peers' acceptance offline and social media acceptance, and self-worth...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Richard Spoth, Linda Trudeau, Chungyeol Shin, G Kevin Randall, W Alex Mason
There are several interrelated knowledge gaps in the literature on skills-building interventions for middle schoolers designed to prevent initiation of substance use, all of which concern the limited study of the adolescent pathways of those intervention effects on distal young adult outcomes. Among the most important yet understudied pathways of influence on long-term effects are positive youth relationship outcomes of middle-school interventions. Other influential pathways for long-term effects are reductions in adolescent substance misuse, particularly marijuana use, considering the long-term consequences of early marijuana initiation...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Elizabeth A North, Allison M Ryan, Kai Cortina, Nicole R Brass
Social status is a salient feature of the classroom peer ecology in early adolescence, yet research has not examined how it plays out within the domains of math and science. The current study investigated the behavioral profiles of cool and admired youth (n = 739, 51% female) in 5th and 6th grade math and science classes. "Cool" youth were perceived by peers as academically oriented, prosocial, and not disruptive. When grade level differences were found, they tended to favor 5th graders, such that cool youth had even more positive profiles in 5th grade compared to 6th grade...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Ciara Briscoe, Dale M Stack, Daniel J Dickson, Lisa A Serbin
Parents and children with high negative emotionality may be more likely to provide and receive non-supportive contingencies, respectively. However, no study has examined child and parent negative emotionality in the same study and explored whether the link between child and parent negative emotionality may exist in part because of parental emotion socialization. The present study was designed to explore the link between the negative emotionality of mothers and their adolescent children and the potential mechanisms for this similarity...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Charlene Collibee, Wyndol Furman, Jamie Shoop
Physical dating aggression is a prevalent and costly public health concern. A theoretical moderator model of substance use and dating aggression posits that associations between them are moderated by relational risk factors. To test these theoretical expectations, the current study examined seven waves of longitudinal data on a community-based sample of 100 male and 100 female participants in a Western U.S. city (M age Wave 1 = 15.83; 69.5% White non-Hispanic, 12.5% Hispanic, 11.5% African Americans, & 12...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Misha D Haghighat, Casey A Knifsend
Although extracurricular activity involvement during high school is linked with positive academic outcomes, less is known about the longitudinal effects or the mediators of this association. The current investigation assessed the influence of 10th grade extracurricular activity involvement on educational attainment. The sample for this study (N = 11,720; 52.9% female) was drawn from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002, a nationally representative, longitudinal investigation. Both breadth and intensity of extracurricular activity involvement in the 10th grade were linked with educational attainment eight years after high school...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Seçil Gönültaş, Eric Goff, Greysi Irdam, Ryan Carlson, Christine DiStefano, Matthew J Irvin
Youth aggression occurs at high rates. Aggressive acts can be curbed through bystander intervention; yet, little is known about school and family factors that predict bystander intervention in response to both aggression and victim retaliation. This research examines school and family factors related to standing up to aggression and intervening before possible retaliation occurs. Participants included 6th and 9th graders (N = 896, 52.8% female), who evaluated how likely they would be to intervene if they observed aggression and if they heard the victim was planning to retaliate...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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