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Journal of Youth and Adolescence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337584/-i-can-t-take-hold-of-some-kind-of-a-life-the-role-of-social-connectedness-and-confidence-in-engaging-lost-adolescents-with-their-lives
#1
Nicole M Ja, Paul E Jose
Erik Erikson's theoretical writings on identity have provided a rich foundation upon which decades of research on identity development have been built. However, literature is lacking regarding adolescents who are aware that they lack knowledge about the self (i.e., values, likes, and dislikes) to the extent that they are stuck and directionless, and therefore unable to engage in the process of identity formation, what we refer to as a state of "lostness." Furthermore, while it has been established that supportive relationships facilitate identity development, less is known about whether various domains of social connectedness may diminish "lostness" over time, and if so, what may be the specific processes or conditions within each connectedness domain that supports this aspect of identity development...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337583/toward-a-research-agenda-building-character-strengths-in-school-settings
#2
EDITORIAL
Andrew Sokatch
Character strengths matter for long term success, and a growing body of evidence suggests that schools can be powerful places, and teachers powerful agents, by which these strengths are developed in adolescence. The articles in this volume move the field forward in important ways, and lead to a clear research agenda focused on creating testable interventions to build school and classroom environments that will assist young people in growing and leveraging these critical strengths.
March 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332053/modeling-pathways-of-character-development-across-the-first-three-decades-of-life-an-application-of-integrative-data-analysis-techniques-to-understanding-the-development-of-hopeful-future-expectations
#3
Kristina Schmid Callina, Sara K Johnson, Jonathan M Tirrell, Milena Batanova, Michelle B Weiner, Richard M Lerner
There were two purposes of the present research: first, to add to scholarship about a key character virtue, hopeful future expectations; and second, to demonstrate a recent innovation in longitudinal methodology that may be especially useful in enhancing the understanding of the developmental course of hopeful future expectations and other character virtues that have been the focus of recent scholarship in youth development. Burgeoning interest in character development has led to a proliferation of short-term, longitudinal studies on character...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332052/the-varieties-of-character-and-some-implications-for-character-education
#4
Jason Baehr
The moral and civic dimensions of personal character have been widely recognized and explored. Recent work by philosophers, psychologists, and education theorists has drawn attention to two additional dimensions of character: intellectual character and "performance" character. This article sketches a "four-dimensional" conceptual model of personal character and some of the character strengths or "virtues" proper to each dimension. In addition to exploring how the dimensions of character are related to each other, the article also examines the implications of this account for character education undertaken in a youth or adolescent context...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316057/more-than-just-child-s-play-an-experimental-investigation-of-the-impact-of-an-appearance-focused-internet-game-on-body-image-and-career-aspirations-of-young-girls
#5
Amy Slater, Emma Halliwell, Hannah Jarman, Emma Gaskin
In recent years, elements of the modern environment (such as television, Internet, toys and clothes) have been criticized for having an increasingly sexualized or appearance focus, which has been suggested to be detrimental to girls' development. The current study examined the impact of an appearance-focused Internet game on young girls' body image and career cognitions and aspirations. Eighty British girls aged 8-9 years were randomly assigned to play an appearance-focused or a non-appearance focused game for 10 minutes...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315188/social-goals-impact-adolescent-substance-use-through-influencing-adolescents-connectedness-to-their-schools
#6
Samuel N Meisel, Craig R Colder
Although developmental models of risk behavior highlight the role of school connectedness in the etiology of adolescent substance use, no studies to our knowledge have assessed longitudinal mediational models examining how adolescents form bonds to their school, and how the quality of those bonds relate to substance use. To address this gap, the current study used four waves of data, spanning ages 11-16 (grades 5-11), to examine the association between individual differences in agentic (Dominance/Power) and communal (Nurturance/Affiliation) social goals and school connectedness, and in turn, whether levels of school connectedness are associated with substance use...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315187/everything-s-gonna-be-alright-the-longitudinal-interplay-among-social-support-peer-victimization-and-depressive-symptoms
#7
Taniesha Burke, Fabio Sticca, Sonja Perren
Peer victimization has been identified as a risk factor for depressive symptoms. The current study investigated the longitudinal interplay among social support, peer victimization and depressive symptoms in early adolescence. We specifically investigated the promotive and protective role of parental and friendship support on the longitudinal relationship between victimization and depressive symptoms. A total of 960 Swiss adolescents (49% female, Mage 13.2 years) completed an electronic questionnaire four times, with 6-month intervals...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315186/janina-scarlet-superhero-therapy-a-hero-s-journey-through-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-london-little-brown-book-group-2016-111-pp-isbn-978-1-47213-641-1
#8
Chris Fradkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299495/who-wants-to-play-sport-motivation-trajectories-sport-participation-and-the-development-of-depressive-symptoms
#9
Ming-Te Wang, Angela Chow, Jamie Amemiya
Although sport involvement has the potential to enhance psychological wellbeing, studies have suggested that motivation to participate in sports activities declines across childhood and adolescence. This study incorporated expectancy-value theory to model children's sport ability self-concept and subjective task values trajectories from first to twelfth grade. Additionally, it examined if sport motivation trajectories predicted individual and team-based sport participation and whether sport participation in turn reduced the development of depressive symptoms...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285421/theoretical-and-empirical-bases-of-character-development-in-adolescence-a-view-of-the-issues
#10
Scott Seider, Eranda Jayawickreme, Richard M Lerner
Traditional models of character development have conceptualized character as a set of psychological attributes that motivate or enable individuals to function as competent moral agents. In this special section, we present seven articles, including two commentaries, that seek to make innovative conceptual and methodological contributions to traditional understandings in the extant scholarship of character and character development in youth. In the introduction to this special section, we provide overviews of these contributions, and discuss the implications of these articles both to the current scholarship and to applications aimed at promoting character and positive youth development...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281030/annie-bunting-benjamin-n-lawrance-and-richard-l-roberts-eds-marriage-by-force-contestation-over-consent-and-coercion-in-africa-athens-ohio-ohio-university-press-2016-358-pp-isbn-978-0-8214-2200-7
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251443/wisdom-gained-assessing-relationships-between-adversity-personality-and-well-being-among-a-late-adolescent-sample
#12
Eranda Jayawickreme, Nicole W Brocato, Laura E R Blackie
How do late adolescents make sense of stressful life events they have experienced in their lives? In a sample of 1320 college students, 676 (58% White, 63% female) reported the stressful events they had experienced in their lifetime up until the present survey and indicated whether they considered each stressful event to be a turning point and/or an opportunity for wisdom. Students also completed measures of personality and well-being. We hypothesized that the tendency to interpret stressful events as turning points or opportunities for wisdom would explain the associations between three personality characteristics (Openness to Experience, Extraversion, and Emotionality) and well-being...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233142/reciprocal-associations-between-delinquent-behavior-and-social-network-position-during-middle-school
#13
Naomi C Z Andrews, Laura D Hanish, Carlos E Santos
Delinquency and social standing are linked within middle school. Yet, theoretical explanations are generally unidirectional, and prevailing models are somewhat contradictory in terms of the directionality of the link between delinquency and social standing. The current study aimed to expand upon our current understanding of the social nature of delinquency by examining reciprocal associations between delinquency and social standing. We conceptualized social standing using two indices of social network position: social network prestige (how important or influential one is within the peer network) and social network centrality (how well-connected one is to peers in the network)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220280/neighborhood-moderation-of-sensation-seeking-effects-on-adolescent-substance-use-initiation
#14
Michaeline Jensen, Laurie Chassin, Nancy A Gonzales
Adolescent substance use carries a considerable public health burden, and early initiation into use is especially problematic. Research has shown that trait sensation seeking increases risk for substance use initiation, but less is known about contextual factors that can potentially unmask this risk. This study utilized a diverse longitudinal subsample of youth (N = 454) from a larger study of familial alcoholism (53.1% female, 61% non-Hispanic Caucasian, 27.8% Hispanic, 11.2% other ethnicity). Study questions examined sensation seeking in early adolescence (mean age = 12...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213745/perceptions-of-parent-child-attachment-relationships-and-friendship-qualities-predictors-of-romantic-relationship-involvement-and-quality-in-adolescence
#15
Logan B Kochendorfer, Kathryn A Kerns
Relationships with parents and friends are important contexts for developing romantic relationship skills. Parents and friends may influence both the timing of involvement and the quality of romantic relationships. Three models of the joint influence of parents and friends (direct effects model, mediation model, and moderator model) have been proposed. The present study uses data from a longitudinal study (n = 1012; 49.8% female; 81.1% Caucasian) to examine how attachment and friendship quality at age 10 years predict romantic relationship involvement and quality at ages 12 and 15 years...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210923/investigating-adolescents-critical-consciousness-development-through-a-character-framework
#16
Scott Seider, Jalene Tamerat, Shelby Clark, Madora Soutter
Brazilian philosopher-educator Paulo Freire defined critical consciousness as the ability to engage in reflection and action upon the world in order to transform it. A growing body of research has found that critical consciousness is predictive of a number of important academic and civic outcomes in adolescents from oppressed groups. The present mixed methods study considered the critical consciousness development of 335 adolescents (57% female, 92% African American or Latinx) attending urban secondary schools that sought to foster their students' critical consciousness, but featured five different pedagogical approaches...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204999/the-potential-protective-role-of-peer-relationships-on-school-engagement-in-at-risk-adolescents
#17
Jacqueline O Moses, Miguel T Villodas
Negative outcomes associated with adverse childhood experiences are well established, but little is known about protective factors that could promote positive adjustment among high-risk youth. This study examined the potential protective role of positive peer relationships in the association between adverse childhood experiences and school engagement among at-risk adolescents. Data were collected prospectively from birth until age 16 from 831 diverse adolescents (52.6% female; 54% African American, 24% Caucasian) who were at-risk for family violence and their caregivers...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181047/purpose-and-character-development-in-early-adolescence
#18
Heather Malin, Indrawati Liauw, William Damon
Character development in adolescence is of growing interest among psychology researchers and educators, yet there is little consensus about how character should be defined and studied among developmental scientists. In particular, there is no fully developed framework for investigating the developmental relationships among different character strengths. This study examines the developmental relations between purpose and three other key character strengths that emerge during early adolescence: gratitude, compassion, and grit...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144817/engagement-and-mentor-support-as-drivers-of-social-development-in-the-project-k-youth-development-program
#19
Cassandra M Chapman, Kelsey L Deane, Niki Harré, Matthew G R Courtney, Julie Moore
Youth development programs can achieve positive social outcomes, however studies comparing the influence of different program components are rare. Structural equation modeling of longitudinal, multilevel data (N = 327) from Project K, a multi-component youth development program, assessed how experiences of engagement or support in each component affected social outcomes. Participants reported significant gains in social self-efficacy and sense of community after the program. Engagement in the outdoor adventure and support during the mentoring partnership components significantly contributed to observed social gains, while engagement in the community service component did not...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144816/explaining-the-association-between-early-adversity-and-young-adults-diabetes-outcomes-physiological-psychological-and-behavioral-mechanisms
#20
Kandauda A S Wickrama, Dayoung Bae, Catherine Walker O'Neal
Previous studies have documented that early adversity increases young adults' risk for diabetes resulting in morbidity and comorbidity with adverse health conditions. However, less is known about how inter-related physiological (e.g., body mass index [BMI]), psychological (e.g., depressive symptoms), and behavioral mechanisms (e.g., unhealthy eating and sedentary behavior) link early adversity to young adults' diabetes outcomes, although these mechanisms appear to stem from early stressful experiences. The current study tested the patterning of these longitudinal pathways leading to young adults' diabetes using a nationally representative sample of 13,286 adolescents (54% female) over a period of 13 years...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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