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Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770465/tracking-the-eye-movement-of-four-years-old-children-learning-chinese-words
#1
Dan Lin, Guangyao Chen, Yingyi Liu, Jiaxin Liu, Jue Pan, Lei Mo
Storybook reading is the major source of literacy exposure for beginning readers. The present study tracked 4-year-old Chinese children's eye movements while they were reading simulated storybook pages. Their eye-movement patterns were examined in relation to their word learning gains. The same reading list, consisting of 20 two-character Chinese words, was used in the pretest, 5-min eye-tracking learning session, and posttest. Additionally, visual spatial skill and phonological awareness were assessed in the pretest as cognitive controls...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752195/processing-lexical-and-speaker-information-in-repetition-and-semantic-associative-priming
#2
Chao-Yang Lee, Yu Zhang
The purpose of this study is to investigate the interaction between processing lexical and speaker-specific information in spoken word recognition. The specific question is whether repetition and semantic/associative priming is reduced when the prime and target are produced by different speakers. In Experiment 1, the prime and target were repeated (e.g., queen-queen) or unrelated (e.g., bell-queen). In Experiment 2, the prime and target were semantically/associatively related (e.g., king-queen) or unrelated (e...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710697/the-basis-of-the-syllable-hierarchy-articulatory-pressures-or-universal-phonological-constraints
#3
Xu Zhao, Iris Berent
Across languages, certain syllable types are systematically preferred to others (e.g., [Formula: see text] lbif, where [Formula: see text] indicates a preference). Previous research has shown that these preferences are active in the brains of individual speakers, they are evident even when none of these syllable types exists in participants' language, and even when the stimuli are presented in print. These results suggest that the syllable hierarchy cannot be reduced to either lexical or auditory/phonetic pressures...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707124/examining-the-functional-category-in-chinese-english-code-switching-evidence-from-the-eye-movements
#4
Rui Li, Zhiyi Zhang, Chuanbin Ni, Wei Xiao, Junyan Wei, Haoyun Dai
To investigate the grammatical constraints of code-switching (CS hereafter) under the disputes of the constraint-based account versus the constraint-free account, the effects of functional category on CS have long been investigated in the existing studies. Thus, the present study, by asking 47 participants to take part in an eye-movement experiment, examined the potential effects of functional category on Chinese-English CS. We found that differential switch costs at varying code-switched conditions as well as robust switch effects that last from the early to the late stage...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669038/asymmetrical-priming-effects-an-exploration-of-trilingual-german-english-french-lexico-semantic-memory
#5
Agnieszka Ewa Tytus
The growing number of multilingual speakers poses an interesting question as to the way in which three or more languages are represented in the memory of a language user. The Revised Hierarchical Model (Kroll and Stewart in J Mem Lang 33: 149-174, 1994) or the Sense Model (Finkbeiner et al. in J Mem Lang 51(1), 1-22, 2004) skillfully capture the prediction regarding two languages, with the lexical level being separate and the conceptual one being unified or distributed to a varying degree. In this set of experiments, we employed primed animacy decision tasks to address the lexico-semantic representation of trilingual German-English-French speakers...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647830/the-comprehension-of-syntactic-and-affective-prosody-by-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-without-accompanying-cognitive-deficits
#6
Maria Martzoukou, Despina Papadopoulou, Mary-Helen Kosmidis
The present study investigates the comprehension of syntactic and affective prosody in adults with autism spectrum disorder without accompanying cognitive deficits (ASD w/o cognitive deficits) as well as age-, education- and gender-matched unimpaired adults, while processing orally presented sentences. Two experiments were conducted: (a) an on-line sentence completion task containing local subject/object ambiguities and (b) an affective prosody task exploring the comprehension of six emotions. The syntactic prosody task revealed that the experimental group performed similar to the control group on the fillers and the object condition...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643033/the-role-of-sensory-perception-emotionality-and-lifeworld-in-auditory-word-processing-evidence-from-congenital-blindness-and-synesthesia
#7
Judith Papadopoulos, Frank Domahs, Christina Kauschke
Although it has been established that human beings process concrete and abstract words differently, it is still a matter of debate what factors contribute to this difference. Since concrete concepts are closely tied to sensory perception, perceptual experience seems to play an important role in their processing. The present study investigated the processing of nouns during an auditory lexical decision task. Participants came from three populations differing in their visual-perceptual experience: congenitally blind persons, word-color synesthetes, and sighted non-synesthetes...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639175/valence-and-origin-of-emotional-words-influence-on-subsequent-perception-of-ambiguous-stimuli-in-terms-of-competence-versus-warmth
#8
Kamil K Imbir
The aim of this study was to examine whether the valence and origin of emotional words can alter perception of ambiguous objects in terms of warmth versus competence, fundamental dimensions of social cognition. 60 individuals were invited into the study focusing on the limits of intuition. They were asked to try to guess the meaning of Japanese pictorial signs in terms of their warmth versus competence connotations. Before each trial a subsequent memory load task was applied. Participants were supposed to read and remember words creating a factorial manipulation of valence (three levels) and origins (three levels: automatic, neutral and reflective) of affective connotations presenting to them for 500 ms...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639174/profiling-perceptual-learning-styles-of-chinese-as-a-second-language-learners-in-university-settings
#9
Peijian Paul Sun, Lin Sophie Teng
This study revisited Reid's (1987) perceptual learning style preference questionnaire (PLSPQ) in an attempt to answer whether the PLSPQ fits in the Chinese-as-a-second-language (CSL) context. If not, what are CSL learners' learning styles drawing on the PLSPQ? The PLSPQ was first re-examined through reliability analysis and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with 224 CSL learners. The results showed that Reid's six-factor PLSPQ could not satisfactorily explain the CSL learners' learning styles. Exploratory factor analyses were, therefore, performed to explore the dimensionality of the PLSPQ in the CSL context...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631184/willingness-to-communicate-orally-the-case-of-iranian-efl-learners
#10
Elaheh Tavakoli, Mohammad Davoudi
This study sets out to develop a questionnaire on willingness to communicate (WTC) orally specific to English as a Foreign Language setting. It also aims to investigate the effect of three independent variables of interlocutor, age and gender on the same construct of WTC orally. Exploratory factor analysis resulted in three dimensions to WTC, namely WTC with teacher, with classmate, and stranger. Also Cronbach's alpha of .86 indicated a high internal consistency. Mixed between-within subjects analysis of variance was used to assess the impact of interlocutors, age and gender on participants' WTC across the three WTC subscale scores...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631183/comprehension-of-idioms-in-turkish-aphasic-participants
#11
Burcu Aydin, Muzaffer Barin, Oktay Yagiz
Brain damaged participants offer an opportunity to evaluate the cognitive and linguistic processes and make assumptions about how the brain works. Cognitive linguists have been investigating the underlying mechanisms of idiom comprehension to unravel the ongoing debate on hemispheric specialization in figurative language comprehension. The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the comprehension of idiomatic expressions in left brain damaged (LBD) aphasic, right brain damaged (RBD) and healthy control participants...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624932/word-level-and-sentence-level-automaticity-in-english-as-a-foreign-language-efl-learners-a-comparative-study
#12
Dongmei Ma, Xiaoru Yu, Haomin Zhang
The present study aimed to investigate second language (L2) word-level and sentence-level automatic processing among English as a foreign language students through a comparative analysis of students with different proficiency levels. As a multidimensional and dynamic construct, automaticity is conceptualized as processing speed, stability, and accuracy which are indexed by reaction time, coefficient variation and accuracy rate. Sixty students (39 undergraduate students and 21 graduate students) who majored in English participated in this study...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620876/english-orthographic-learning-in-chinese-l1-young-efl-beginners
#13
Yu-Lin Cheng
English orthographic learning, among Chinese-L1 children who were beginning to learn English as a foreign language, was documented when: (1) only visual memory was at their disposal, (2) visual memory and either some letter-sound knowledge or some semantic information was available, and (3) visual memory, some letter-sound knowledge and some semantic information were all available. When only visual memory was available, orthographic learning (measured via an orthographic choice test) was meagre. Orthographic learning was significant when either semantic information or letter-sound knowledge supplemented visual memory, with letter-sound knowledge generating greater significance...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597331/inhibition-efficiency-in-highly-proficient-bilinguals-and-simultaneous-interpreters-evidence-from-language-switching-and-stroop-tasks
#14
Xavier Aparicio, Karin Heidlmayr, Frédéric Isel
The present behavioral study aimed to examine the impact of language control expertise on two domain-general control processes, i.e. active inhibition of competing representations and overcoming of inhibition. We compared how Simultaneous Interpreters (SI) and Highly Proficient Bilinguals-two groups assumed to differ in language control capacity-performed executive tasks involving specific inhibition processes. In Experiment 1 (language decision task), both active and overcoming of inhibition processes are involved, while in Experiment 2 (bilingual Stroop task) only interference suppression is supposed to be required...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567594/the-interaction-of-contextual-and-syntactic-information-in-the-processing-of-turkish-anaphors
#15
Martina Gračanin-Yuksek, Sol Lago, Duygu Fatma Şafak, Orhan Demir, Bilal Kırkıcı
In contrast with languages where anaphors can be classified into pronouns and reflexives, Turkish has a tripartite system that consists of the anaphors o, kendi, and kendisi. The syntactic literature on these anaphors has proposed that whereas o behaves like a pronoun and kendi behaves like a reflexive, kendisi has a more flexible behavior and it can function as both a pronoun and a reflexive. Using acceptability judgments and a self-paced reading task, we examined how Turkish anaphors are processed in isolated sentences and within larger discourse contexts...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560617/a-case-study-of-negative-affixes-in-sadegh-hedayat-s-letters-the-effect-of-bipolar-mood-disorder
#16
Elmira Esmaeelpour, Fariba Ghatreh, Mandana Nourbakhsh
This research studies the morphological features found in Sadegh Hedayat's letters, who, based on linguistic and psychological studies, may have had bipolar disorder. It aims to assess the impact of various types of moods on the frequency of negative affixes through qualitative analysis of the letters' text. The letters are written in Persian, and include six negative derivational affixes. As bipolar disorder includes four episodes, all letters are analyzed on the basis of six negative affixes concerning the episodes using SPSS...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555347/repetition-priming-effects-in-proficient-mandarin-cantonese-and-cantonese-mandarin-bidialectals-an-event-related-potential-study
#17
Aiwen Yi, Zhuoming Chen, Yanqun Chang, Shu Zhou, Limei Wu, Yaozhong Liu, Guoxiong Zhang
The present study adopted a repetition priming paradigm to investigate the bidialectal (bilingual) representation of speakers with different native dialects by event-related potential (ERP) technique. Proficient Mandarin-Cantonese and Cantonese-Mandarin bidialectals participated in the study. They were required to judge whether a word was a biological word or not, when the words (target word) were represented under four types of repetition priming conditions: Mandarin (prime)-Mandarin (target), Mandarin (prime)-Cantonese (target), Cantonese (prime)-Cantonese (target) and Cantonese (prime)-Mandarin (target)...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528512/working-memory-in-the-processing-of-long-distance-dependencies-interference-and-filler-maintenance
#18
Tal Ness, Aya Meltzer-Asscher
During the temporal delay between the filler and gap sites in long-distance dependencies, the "active filler" strategy can be implemented in two ways: the filler phrase can be actively maintained in working memory ("maintenance account"), or it can be retrieved only when the parser posits a gap ("retrieval account"). The current study tested whether filler content is maintained during the processing of dependencies. Using a self-paced reading paradigm, we compared reading times on a noun phrase (NP) between the filler and gap sites in object relative clauses, to reading times on an NP between the antecedent and ellipsis sites in ellipsis sentences...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224258/investigating-arabic-academic-vocabulary-knowledge-among-middle-school-pupils-receptive-versus-productive-knowledge
#19
Baha Makhoul
The current study attempted to investigate the development of Arabic academic vocabulary knowledge among middle-school Arabic native speakers, taking into account the socioeconomic status of the Arab population in Israel. For this purpose, Arabic academic word list was developed, mapping the required academic words that are needed for adequate coping with informational texts as appearing in the different content areas text-books. Six-hundred Arabic speaking middle school pupils from the different areas in Israel, representing the different Arab subgroups: general Arab community, Druze and Bedouins, have participated in the current study...
August 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194634/the-effect-of-language-exposure-and-word-characteristics-on-the-arab-efl-learners-word-associations
#20
Dina Abdel Salam El-Dakhs
The present study investigates the patterns of word associations among Arab EFL learners and compares these patterns with those of native speakers of English. The study also examines the influence of increased language exposure and word characteristics on the learners' association patterns. To this end, 45 native speakers of English and 421 Arab learners of English at a Saudi university with two distinct levels of English language exposure completed a multiple-response word association test and their responses were analyzed, examined and compared...
August 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
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