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Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242695/the-potential-relationship-between-openness-and-explicit-versus-implicit-l2-knowledge
#1
Daniel O Jackson
Recent studies of second language (L2) construction learning using artificial linguistic systems have begun to closely examine the role of individual differences, including personality. In such studies, adult participants learn form-meaning mappings after exposure, with scores on generalization tests as a standard criterion for learning. This paper addresses the potential role of openness in explicit versus implicit knowledge. The present research relied on a reanalysis of data from a previous study, using an extreme-groups design involving 60 participants...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232785/introduction-to-experimental-approaches-to-the-study-of-child-language-a-cross-linguistic-perspective
#2
EDITORIAL
Peng Zhou, Stephen Crain, Michael C W Yip
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30225580/core-semantic-links-or-lexical-associations-assessing-the-nature-of-responses-in-word-association-tasks
#3
Leticia Vivas, Laura Manoiloff, Adolfo M García, Francisco Lizarralde, Jorge Vivas
The processes tapped by the widely-used word association (WA) paradigm remain a matter of debate: while some authors consider them as driven by lexical co-occurrences, others emphasize the role of meaning-based connections. To test these contrastive hypotheses, we analyzed responses in a WA task in terms of their normative defining features (those describing the object denoted by the cue word). Results indicate that 72.5% of the responses had medium-to-high coincidence with such defining semantic features. Moreover, 75...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219959/the-influence-of-presentation-format-of-story-on-narrative-production-in-chinese-children-learning-english-as-a-second-language-a-comparison-between-graphic-novel-illustration-book-and-text
#4
Tracy K S Chan, Simpson W L Wong, Anita M-Y Wong, Vina Wing-Hei Leung
Past studies have shown that multimodal presentation of story can improve story-retelling performance in the first language. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether similar multimedia effects can be observed in second language learning and graphic novel reading. A total of 51 Chinese elementary school children, aged 7-8, who were learning English as a second language were recruited. They were randomly assigned to one of the three experimental conditions that differed in the format of story presentation: English text, English text with pictorial illustrations or graphic novel...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219958/perspective-taking-in-referential-communication-does-stimulated-attention-to-addressees-perspective-influence-speakers-reference-production
#5
Debby Damen, Per van der Wijst, Marije van Amelsvoort, Emiel Krahmer
In two experiments, we investigated whether speakers' referential communication benefits from an explicit focus on addressees' perspective. Dyads took part in a referential communication game and were allocated to one of three experimental settings. Each of these settings elicited a different perspective mind-set (baseline, self-focus, other-focus). In the two perspective settings, speakers were explicitly instructed to regard their addressees' (other-focus) or their own (self-focus) perspective before construing their referential message...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151666/what-can-we-learn-about-psychopathic-offenders-by-studying-their-communication-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Aina Sundt Gullhaugen, Teri Sakshaug
Experts have long warned against psychotherapy with psychopathic offenders out of a fear that they will beguile therapists into believing they have been rehabilitated, only to commit new offenses upon release. Yet the question is not whether to communicate with psychopathic offenders, but rather how to do so in a way which can facilitate real change. In this article, we ask: What can we learn about psychopathic offenders by studying their communication? We review the literature and describe how psychopathy is manifested in communication, how psychopathy can be understood based on this communication, and how therapists may communicate with psychopaths to create change and avoid being fooled...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116977/the-processing-of-grammatical-gender-agreement-in-brazilian-portuguese-erp-evidence-in-favor-of-a-single-route
#7
Natália Carolina Alencar de Resende, Mailce Borges Mota, Pieter Seuren
The present study used event-related potentials to investigate whether the processing of grammatical gender agreement involving gender regular and irregular forms recruit the same or distinct neurocognitive mechanisms and whether different grammatical gender agreement conditions elicit the same or diverse ERP signals. Native speakers of Brazilian Portuguese read sentences containing congruent and incongruent grammatical gender agreement between a determiner and a regular or an irregular form (condition 1) and between a regular or an irregular form and an adjective (condition 2)...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30062436/the-compositionality-of-logical-connectives-in-child-italian
#8
Elena Pagliarini, Stephen Crain, Maria Teresa Guasti
This paper investigates the interpretation that Italian-speaking children and adults assign to negative sentences with disjunction and negative sentences with conjunction. The aim of the study was to determine whether children and adults assign the same interpretation to these types of sentences. The Semantic Subset Principle (SSP) (Crain et al., in: Clifton, Frazer, Rayner (eds) Perspective on sentence processing, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillside, 1994) predicts that children's initial scope assignment should correspond to the interpretation that makes sentences true in the narrowest range of circumstances, even when this is not the interpretation assigned by adults...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043323/use-of-prosocial-word-enhances-the-processing-of-language-frequency-domain-analysis-of-human-eeg
#9
Shashikanta Tarai, Rupsha Mukherjee, Quais Ain Qurratul, Bikesh Kumar Singh, Arindam Bit
Use of prosocial language enhances human cooperation and harmony. Previous research has shown that talking about helping, sharing and giving to others creates positive impression on others, by which individuals and governments gain public approval. So far, the value judgement of approval and disapproval in terms of prosocial or antisocial has not been investigated in the domain of neuroscience of language. Here, the influence of prosocial words towards neural adaptability for greater acceptance is examined using behavioural response mapping with electroencephalography activities of human brain...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30030779/blue-is-in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-a-cross-linguistic-study-on-color-perception-and-memory
#10
Mark Lowry, Judith Bryant
The linguistic relativity hypothesis states that the language one speaks affects how one thinks. Color categorization across languages has often been studied in order to examine the hypothesis. However, those studies often rely on uniform color stimuli or focus on one aspect of cognition. In experiment one, we examined how Russian- and English-speaking participants rated the color of blue/grey eyes perceptually and from memory. Russian-speakers are more likely to describe such eyes as grey, whereas English-speakers are more likely to describe them as blue...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014311/joint-contributions-of-multilevel-linguistic-knowledge-to-character-meaning-retention-in-l2-chinese
#11
Tianxu Chen
Character learning is a key issue for second language (L2) Chinese learners. However, our understanding is limited regarding the extent to which the multilevel linguistic knowledge simultaneously works for learning characters, particularly for L2 compound character meaning retention. To fill these gaps, two research questions were addressed. (1) What are the relationships among L2 learners' radical knowledge, character knowledge, and character meaning retention? (2) To what extent do radical knowledge and character knowledge independently and jointly contribute to character meaning retention? Fifty-six English-speaking L2 Chinese collegiate participants in the U...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014310/power-talk-communication-styles-vocalization-rates-and-dominance
#12
Amber R Massey-Abernathy, Elizabeth Haseltine
Humans are social beings that form hierarchies to gain and maintain resources. Dominant positions are often obtained through resource control strategies, displayed through language. Language can be examined in a number of ways including number of vocalizations and pragmatic skills. The benefit of pragmatic skills, in relationship to popularity (group dominance), can be explained by virtue signalling and the sociometer theory. The current study examined the relationship of individuals in a novel group setting...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992391/a-developmental-perspective-on-processing-semantic-context-preliminary-evidence-from-sentential-auditory-word-repetition-in-school-aged-children
#13
N A Mahler, H J Chenery
The current investigation examined the developmental changes involved in processing semantic context in auditorily presented sentences, as well as underlying attentional and suppression mechanisms. Thirty-nine typically developing school-aged children aged 6;0-14;0 years participated in the current cross-sectional sentential auditory word repetition study. Component processes involved in auditory word recognition were examined and their respective developmental trajectories systematically delineated. Experimental manipulations included semantic congruity (congruous, incongruous), sentence constraint (high, low), cloze probability (high, low), and processing mode...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980997/l1-orthography-in-l2-chinese-morphological-awareness-an-investigation-of-alphabetic-and-abugida-readers
#14
Haomin Zhang
The current study aimed to explore the effect of first language (L1) orthography on second language (L2) Chinese morphological awareness. One hundred and twenty-nine students (61 L1 English readers and 68 L1 Thai readers) who studied Chinese as a second language participated in this study. They completed four tasks of morphological awareness (morpheme segmentation, morpheme discrimination, compound structure discrimination, compound structure analysis) and two control measures (reading vocabulary tasks). Drawing upon MANCOVA analysis, the study revealed that Thai readers outperformed English readers on compound awareness after the effect of L2 reading vocabulary was accounted for...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961248/grammatical-aspect-in-early-child-mandarin-evidence-from-a-preferential-looking-experiment
#15
Xiaolu Yang, Rushen Shi, Kailin Xu
The study assessed 30-month-old Mandarin-speaking children's awareness of aspectual distinctions involving the perfective marker le and the imperfective marker zhe in a preferential looking experiment. In the experiment, we presented our child subjects with a choice between two video clips (one depicting a closed event and the other depicting an on-going event), in the presence of an auditory stimulus (either the le sentence, the zhe sentence or the control sentence without any aspect marker). Children's looking behavior in the task was recorded and analyzed...
June 30, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511915/developing-an-iranian-elt-context-specific-grit-instrument
#16
Saman Ebadi, Hiwa Weisi, Zahra Khaksar
Grit as an interesting and significant topic in psychology has been associated with better study habits and higher grades through perseverance and passion for long term goals. The only available measurement instrument of grit (Duckworth et al. in J Personal Soc Psychol 92:1087-1101, 2007) is general both in terms of its subject matter and context. Thus, this study aims to develop and validate an English as a foreign language (EFL) grit instrument whose items are specific to EFL context to obtain a more detailed view of its components for Iranian EFL learners, and to tap on other grit related factors in the EFL context...
August 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500598/linguistic-reflections-on-psychotherapy-change-in-usage-of-the-first-person-pronoun-in-information-structure-positions
#17
Çiğdem Koşe Demiray, Tülin Gençöz
Aim of present study was to understand changes in speech of clients with regard to certain linguistic features from 5th to 15th session of psychotherapy. First person pronoun use in information structure positions were analyzed in speech of clients. Participants of this study were 11 psychotherapists (clinical psychology master and doctorate students) and 16 clients (applicants to AYNA Psychotherapy Unit). In present study word count results of clinets' speeches were analyzed by ANOVA method. According to results, use of first person pronoun changed significantly in preverbal position from 5th to 15th sessions of psychotherapy...
August 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488146/phrase-final-words-in-greek-storytelling-speech-a-study-on-the-effect-of-a-culturally-specific-prosodic-feature-on-short-term-memory
#18
Ariadne Loutrari, Freideriki Tselekidou, Hariklia Proios
Prosodic patterns of speech appear to make a critical contribution to memory-related processing. We considered the case of a previously unexplored prosodic feature of Greek storytelling and its effect on free recall in thirty typically developing children between the ages of 10 and 12 years, using short ecologically valid auditory stimuli. The combination of a falling pitch contour and, more notably, extensive final-syllable vowel lengthening, which gives rise to the prosodic feature in question, led to statistically significantly higher performance in comparison to neutral phrase-final prosody...
August 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427070/motivation-among-pre-intermediate-iranian-language-learners-from-explicit-knowledge-toward-implicit-syntactic-development
#19
Amirabbas Rafiee Fazel, Mehdi Latifi, M Raouf Moini
The variable success in learning a second language (L2) may be best explained by varying degrees of motivation. This study investigated whether individual differences in appraisal dimensions of motivation explained explicit and implicit syntactic knowledge. Participants learned three syntactic structures under implicit and explicit training conditions. They also completed two motivation questionnaires before instruction. Syntactic development was assessed at early and late stages of acquisition. Results indicated superior performance on the tests of explicit knowledge, but a limited effect for the role of motivation in its development...
August 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417453/non-selective-lexical-access-in-late-arabic-english-bilinguals-evidence-from-gating
#20
Sami Boudelaa
Previous research suggests that late bilinguals who speak typologically distant languages are the least likely to show evidence of non-selective lexical access processes. This study puts this claim to test by using the gating task to determine whether words beginning with speech sounds that are phonetically similar in Arabic and English (e.g., [b,d,m,n]) give rise to selective or non-selective lexical access processes in late Arabic-English bilinguals. The results show that an acoustic-phonetic input (e.g., [bæ]) that is consistent with words in Arabic (e...
August 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
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