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Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236141/effects-of-age-and-location-in-chinese-relative-clauses-processing
#1
Wenguang He, Na Xu, Runqing Ji
Three experiments investigated Chinese relative clause processing with children, youths and elders using sentence-picture matching and self-paced reading methods. In Experiment 1, we found that object-extracted clause were easier to comprehend than subject-extracted clause , and object-modified relative clause (i.e., object-modified subject-extracted clause[Formula: see text]object-modified object-extracted clause) were difficult to comprehend than subject modified relative clause (subject-modified subject-extracted clause[Formula: see text]subject-modified object-extracted clause)...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224258/investigating-arabic-academic-vocabulary-knowledge-among-middle-school-pupils-receptive-versus-productive-knowledge
#2
Baha Makhoul
The current study attempted to investigate the development of Arabic academic vocabulary knowledge among middle-school Arabic native speakers, taking into account the socioeconomic status of the Arab population in Israel. For this purpose, Arabic academic word list was developed, mapping the required academic words that are needed for adequate coping with informational texts as appearing in the different content areas text-books. Six-hundred Arabic speaking middle school pupils from the different areas in Israel, representing the different Arab subgroups: general Arab community, Druze and Bedouins, have participated in the current study...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210921/erratum-to-data-from-russian-help-to-determine-in-which-languages-the-possible-word-constraint-applies
#3
Svetlana Alexeeva, Anastasia Frolova, Natalia Slioussar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194634/the-effect-of-language-exposure-and-word-characteristics-on-the-arab-efl-learners-word-associations
#4
Dina Abdel Salam El-Dakhs
The present study investigates the patterns of word associations among Arab EFL learners and compares these patterns with those of native speakers of English. The study also examines the influence of increased language exposure and word characteristics on the learners' association patterns. To this end, 45 native speakers of English and 421 Arab learners of English at a Saudi university with two distinct levels of English language exposure completed a multiple-response word association test and their responses were analyzed, examined and compared...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185052/who-did-what-to-whom-children-track-story-referents-first-in-gesture
#5
Lauren J Stites, Şeyda Özçalışkan
Children achieve increasingly complex language milestones initially in gesture or in gesture+speech combinations before they do so in speech, from first words to first sentences. In this study, we ask whether gesture continues to be part of the language-learning process as children begin to develop more complex language skills, namely narratives. A key aspect of narrative development is tracking story referents, specifying who did what to whom. Adults track referents primarily in speech by introducing a story character with a noun phrase and then following the same referent with a pronoun-a strategy that presents challenges for young children...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185051/stress-judgment-and-production-in-english-derivation-and-word-reading-in-adult-mandarin-speaking-english-learners
#6
Wei-Lun Chung, Linda Jarmulowicz
For monolingual English-speaking children, judgment and production of stress in derived words, including words with phonologically neutral (e.g., -ness) and non-neutral suffixes (e.g., -ity), is important to both academic vocabulary growth and to word reading. For Mandarin-speaking adult English learners (AELs) the challenge of learning the English stress system might be complicated by cross-linguistic differences in prosodic function and features. As Mandarin-speakers become more proficient in English, patterns similar to those seen in monolingual children could emerge in which awareness and use of stress and suffix cues benefit word reading...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091853/does-emotional-arousal-influence-swearing-fluency
#7
Richard Stephens, Amy Zile
This study assessed the effect of experimentally manipulated emotional arousal on swearing fluency. We hypothesised that swear word generation would be increased with raised emotional arousal. The emotional arousal of 60 participants was manipulated by having them play a first-person shooter video game or, as a control, a golf video game, in a randomised order. A behavioural measure of swearing fluency based on the Controlled Oral Word Association Test was employed. Successful experimental manipulation was indicated by raised State Hostility Questionnaire scores after playing the shooter game...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091852/the-influence-of-orthography-on-the-production-of-alphabetic-second-language-allophones-by-speakers-of-a-non-alphabetic-language
#8
Jeong-Im Han, Joo-Yeon Kim
This study investigated the influence of orthographic information on the production of allophones in a second language (L2). Two proficiency levels of native Mandarin speakers learned novel Korean words with potential variants of /h/ based on auditory stimuli, and then they were provided various types of spellings for the variants, including the letters for [[Formula: see text]] and ø. Subsequently, picture-naming and spelling recall tasks were given to the Mandarin-speaking learners. The results showed that Mandarin-speaking learners, after exposure to the spellings, began to produce and lexically store the /h/ variants following the given forms of the spellings of words, which provides support for the impact of spellings in the production and lexical storage of L2 allophones...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078598/an-interaction-between-the-effects-of-bilingualism-and-cross-linguistic-similarity-in-balanced-and-unbalanced-bilingual-adults-l2-mandarin-word-reading-production
#9
Hsiu-Ling Hsu
We conducted three experiments investigating in more detail the interaction between the two effects of bilingualism and L1-L2 similarity in the speech performance of balanced and unbalanced bilinguals. In Experiment 1, L1 Mandarin monolinguals and two groups of Hakka and Minnan balanced bilinguals (Hakka: more similar to Mandarin) performed a non-contextual single-character reading task in Mandarin, which required more inhibitory control. The two bilingual groups outperformed the monolinguals, regardless of their L1 background...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032308/the-effect-of-pinyin-input-experience-on-the-link-between-semantic-and-phonology-of-chinese-character-in-digital-writing
#10
Jingjun Chen, Rong Luo, Huashan Liu
With the development of ICT, digital writing is becoming much more common in people's life. Differently from keyboarding alphabets directly to input English words, keyboarding Chinese character is always through typing phonetic alphabets and then identify the glyph provided by Pinyin input-method software while in this process which do not need users to produce orthography spelling, thus it is different from traditional written language production model based on handwriting process. Much of the research in this domain has found that using Pinyin input method is beneficial to Chinese characters recognition, but only a small part explored the effects of individual's Pinyin input experience on the Chinese characters production process...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028662/self-addressed-questions-and-filled-pauses-a-cross-linguistic-investigation
#11
Ye Tian, Takehiko Maruyama, Jonathan Ginzburg
There is an ongoing debate whether phenomena of disfluency (such as filled pauses) are produced communicatively. Clark and Fox Tree (Cognition 84(1):73-111, 2002) propose that filled pauses are words, and that different forms signal different lengths of delay. This paper evaluates this Filler-As-Words hypothesis by analyzing the distribution of self-addressed-questions or SAQs (such as "what's the word") in relation to filled pauses. We found that SAQs address different problems in different languages (most frequently about memory-retrieval in English and Chinese, and about appropriateness in Japanese)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025805/meaningful-words-and-non-words-repetitive-articulatory-rate-oral-diadochokinesis-in-persian-speaking-children
#12
Peyman Zamani, Hossein Rezai, Neda Tahmasebi Garmatani
Repetitive articulatory rate or Oral Diadochokinesis (oral-DDK) shows a guideline for appraisal and diagnosis of subjects with oral-motor disorder. Traditionally, meaningless words repetition has been utilized in this task and preschool children have challenges with them. Therefore, we aimed to determine some meaningful words in order to test oral-DDK in Persian speaking preschool children. Participants were 142 normally developing children, (age range 4-6 years), who were asked to produce /motæka, golabi/ as two meaningful Persian words and /pa-ta-ka/ as non-word in conventional oral-DDK task...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025804/investigating-executive-working-memory-and-phonological-short-term-memory-in-relation-to-fluency-and-self-repair-behavior-in-l2-speech
#13
Effrosyni Georgiadou, Karen Roehr-Brackin
This paper reports the findings of a study investigating the relationship of executive working memory (WM) and phonological short-term memory (PSTM) to fluency and self-repair behavior during an unrehearsed oral task performed by second language (L2) speakers of English at two levels of proficiency, elementary and lower intermediate. Correlational analyses revealed a negative relationship between executive WM and number of pauses in the lower intermediate L2 speakers. However, no reliable association was found in our sample between executive WM or PSTM and self-repair behavior in terms of either frequency or type of self-repair...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013441/pragmatic-competency-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-comparative-assessment-with-normal-controls
#14
Shima Ghahari, Hamidreza Hassani, Maryam Purmofrad
Unlike such cognitive impairments as autism and schizophrenia, the speech pattern in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has largely remained underrepresented. We examined the pragmatic competence of OCD-affected individuals under two variant modes: pragmatic recognition and pragmatic production. In the recognition phase, the informants completed a discourse completion test around two speech acts of request and apology (20 high power distance situations). The production phase was carried out through an interview during which the informants' communication behaviors were rated on the basis of the Orion's pragmatic language skills checklist (OPLS) subscales...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008553/a-picture-database-for-verbs-and-nouns-with-different-action-content-in-turkish
#15
Ece Bayram, Özgür Aydin, Hacer Iclal Ergenc, Muhittin Cenk Akbostanci
In this study we present a picture database of 160 nouns and 160 verbs. All verbs and nouns are divided into two groups as action and non-action words. Age of acquisition, familiarity, imageability, name agreement and complexity norms are reported alongside frequency, word length and morpheme count for each word. Data were collected from 600 native Turkish adults in total. The results show that although several measures have weak correlations with each other, only age of acquisition had moderate downhill relationships with familiarity and frequency with familiarity and frequency having a rather strong positive correlation with each other...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943081/disambiguation-and-integration-in-korean-relative-clause-processing
#16
Michael Mansbridge, Sunju Park, Katsuo Tamaoka
Previous studies on Korean relative clauses (RC) show that, with respect to processing, object-extracted relative clauses (ORC) are more difficult to process at the head noun than subject-extracted relative clauses within temporarily ambiguous contexts. ORCs, however, are predicted by experience-based processing models to incur a greater processing cost during early processing stages at the RC verb, since it is a likely locus of disambiguation for RCs in Korean, and because ORCs are a less frequent structure...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943073/the-semantic-processing-of-motion-verbs-coercion-or-underspecification
#17
Julia Lukassek, Anna Prysłopska, Robin Hörnig, Claudia Maienborn
Underspecification and coercion are two prominent interpretive mechanisms to account for meaning variability beyond compositionality. While there is plentiful evidence that natural language meaning constitution exploits both mechanisms, it is an open issue whether a concrete phenomenon of meaning variability is an instance of underspecification or coercion. This paper argues that this theoretical dispute can be settled experimentally. The test case are standard motion verbs (e.g. walk, ride) in combination with ±telic directional phrases, for which both underspecifaction and coercion analyses have been proposed in the literature...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933563/sensitivity-to-crossover-constraints-during-native-and-non-native-pronoun-resolution
#18
Claudia Felser, Janna-Deborah Drummer
We report the results from two experiments examining native and non-native German speakers' sensitivity to crossover constraints on pronoun resolution. Our critical stimuli sentences contained personal pronouns in either strong (SCO) or weak crossover (WCO) configurations. Using eye-movement monitoring during reading and a gender-mismatch paradigm, Experiment 1 investigated whether a fronted wh-phrase would be considered as a potential antecedent for a pronoun intervening between the wh-phrase and its canonical position...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26996449/can-we-read-the-eye-movement-patterns-of-readers-unraveling-the-relationship-between-reading-profiles-and-processing-strategies
#19
Arnout Koornneef, Iris Mulders
In an eye-tracking experiment we examined the risky reading hypothesis, in which long saccades and many regressions are considered to be indicative of a proactive reading style (Rayner et al. in Psychol Aging 21(3):448, 2006; Psychol Aging 24(3):755, 2009). We did so by presenting short texts-that confirmed or disconfirmed verb-based implicit causality expectations-to two types of readers: proactive readers (long saccades, many regressions) and conservative readers (short saccades, few regressions). Whereas proactive readers used implicit causality information to predict upcoming referents, and slowed down immediately when they encountered a pronoun that was inconsistent with these verb-based expectations, the conservative readers slowed down much later in the sentence...
February 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909852/improving-l2-reading-comprehension-through-emotionalized-dynamic-assessment-procedures
#20
Parisa Abdolrezapour
The paper reports a study on an emotionally-loaded dynamic assessment procedure used with Iranian EFL learners. It focuses on the effect of using emotional intelligence characteristics (based on Goleman's framework) as a tool for motivating learners while performing reading tasks. The study with 50 intermediate learners aged 12-15 used three modalities: a control group, which was taught under institute's normal procedures; a comparison group, which received dynamic assessment (DA); and an experimental group, which received emotionalized dynamic assessment (EDA) procedures, in the form of an intervention focusing on characteristics of Goleman's emotional intelligence framework with the express purpose of inducing them to work with their emotions...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
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