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Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091853/does-emotional-arousal-influence-swearing-fluency
#1
Richard Stephens, Amy Zile
This study assessed the effect of experimentally manipulated emotional arousal on swearing fluency. We hypothesised that swear word generation would be increased with raised emotional arousal. The emotional arousal of 60 participants was manipulated by having them play a first-person shooter video game or, as a control, a golf video game, in a randomised order. A behavioural measure of swearing fluency based on the Controlled Oral Word Association Test was employed. Successful experimental manipulation was indicated by raised State Hostility Questionnaire scores after playing the shooter game...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091852/the-influence-of-orthography-on-the-production-of-alphabetic-second-language-allophones-by-speakers-of-a-non-alphabetic-language
#2
Jeong-Im Han, Joo-Yeon Kim
This study investigated the influence of orthographic information on the production of allophones in a second language (L2). Two proficiency levels of native Mandarin speakers learned novel Korean words with potential variants of /h/ based on auditory stimuli, and then they were provided various types of spellings for the variants, including the letters for [[Formula: see text]] and ø. Subsequently, picture-naming and spelling recall tasks were given to the Mandarin-speaking learners. The results showed that Mandarin-speaking learners, after exposure to the spellings, began to produce and lexically store the /h/ variants following the given forms of the spellings of words, which provides support for the impact of spellings in the production and lexical storage of L2 allophones...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078598/an-interaction-between-the-effects-of-bilingualism-and-cross-linguistic-similarity-in-balanced-and-unbalanced-bilingual-adults-l2-mandarin-word-reading-production
#3
Hsiu-Ling Hsu
We conducted three experiments investigating in more detail the interaction between the two effects of bilingualism and L1-L2 similarity in the speech performance of balanced and unbalanced bilinguals. In Experiment 1, L1 Mandarin monolinguals and two groups of Hakka and Minnan balanced bilinguals (Hakka: more similar to Mandarin) performed a non-contextual single-character reading task in Mandarin, which required more inhibitory control. The two bilingual groups outperformed the monolinguals, regardless of their L1 background...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032308/the-effect-of-pinyin-input-experience-on-the-link-between-semantic-and-phonology-of-chinese-character-in-digital-writing
#4
Jingjun Chen, Rong Luo, Huashan Liu
With the development of ICT, digital writing is becoming much more common in people's life. Differently from keyboarding alphabets directly to input English words, keyboarding Chinese character is always through typing phonetic alphabets and then identify the glyph provided by Pinyin input-method software while in this process which do not need users to produce orthography spelling, thus it is different from traditional written language production model based on handwriting process. Much of the research in this domain has found that using Pinyin input method is beneficial to Chinese characters recognition, but only a small part explored the effects of individual's Pinyin input experience on the Chinese characters production process...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028662/self-addressed-questions-and-filled-pauses-a-cross-linguistic-investigation
#5
Ye Tian, Takehiko Maruyama, Jonathan Ginzburg
There is an ongoing debate whether phenomena of disfluency (such as filled pauses) are produced communicatively. Clark and Fox Tree (Cognition 84(1):73-111, 2002) propose that filled pauses are words, and that different forms signal different lengths of delay. This paper evaluates this Filler-As-Words hypothesis by analyzing the distribution of self-addressed-questions or SAQs (such as "what's the word") in relation to filled pauses. We found that SAQs address different problems in different languages (most frequently about memory-retrieval in English and Chinese, and about appropriateness in Japanese)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025805/meaningful-words-and-non-words-repetitive-articulatory-rate-oral-diadochokinesis-in-persian-speaking-children
#6
Peyman Zamani, Hossein Rezai, Neda Tahmasebi Garmatani
Repetitive articulatory rate or Oral Diadochokinesis (oral-DDK) shows a guideline for appraisal and diagnosis of subjects with oral-motor disorder. Traditionally, meaningless words repetition has been utilized in this task and preschool children have challenges with them. Therefore, we aimed to determine some meaningful words in order to test oral-DDK in Persian speaking preschool children. Participants were 142 normally developing children, (age range 4-6 years), who were asked to produce /motæka, golabi/ as two meaningful Persian words and /pa-ta-ka/ as non-word in conventional oral-DDK task...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025804/investigating-executive-working-memory-and-phonological-short-term-memory-in-relation-to-fluency-and-self-repair-behavior-in-l2-speech
#7
Effrosyni Georgiadou, Karen Roehr-Brackin
This paper reports the findings of a study investigating the relationship of executive working memory (WM) and phonological short-term memory (PSTM) to fluency and self-repair behavior during an unrehearsed oral task performed by second language (L2) speakers of English at two levels of proficiency, elementary and lower intermediate. Correlational analyses revealed a negative relationship between executive WM and number of pauses in the lower intermediate L2 speakers. However, no reliable association was found in our sample between executive WM or PSTM and self-repair behavior in terms of either frequency or type of self-repair...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013441/pragmatic-competency-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-comparative-assessment-with-normal-controls
#8
Shima Ghahari, Hamidreza Hassani, Maryam Purmofrad
Unlike such cognitive impairments as autism and schizophrenia, the speech pattern in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has largely remained underrepresented. We examined the pragmatic competence of OCD-affected individuals under two variant modes: pragmatic recognition and pragmatic production. In the recognition phase, the informants completed a discourse completion test around two speech acts of request and apology (20 high power distance situations). The production phase was carried out through an interview during which the informants' communication behaviors were rated on the basis of the Orion's pragmatic language skills checklist (OPLS) subscales...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008553/a-picture-database-for-verbs-and-nouns-with-different-action-content-in-turkish
#9
Ece Bayram, Özgür Aydin, Hacer Iclal Ergenc, Muhittin Cenk Akbostanci
In this study we present a picture database of 160 nouns and 160 verbs. All verbs and nouns are divided into two groups as action and non-action words. Age of acquisition, familiarity, imageability, name agreement and complexity norms are reported alongside frequency, word length and morpheme count for each word. Data were collected from 600 native Turkish adults in total. The results show that although several measures have weak correlations with each other, only age of acquisition had moderate downhill relationships with familiarity and frequency with familiarity and frequency having a rather strong positive correlation with each other...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943081/disambiguation-and-integration-in-korean-relative-clause-processing
#10
Michael Mansbridge, Sunju Park, Katsuo Tamaoka
Previous studies on Korean relative clauses (RC) show that, with respect to processing, object-extracted relative clauses (ORC) are more difficult to process at the head noun than subject-extracted relative clauses within temporarily ambiguous contexts. ORCs, however, are predicted by experience-based processing models to incur a greater processing cost during early processing stages at the RC verb, since it is a likely locus of disambiguation for RCs in Korean, and because ORCs are a less frequent structure...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943073/the-semantic-processing-of-motion-verbs-coercion-or-underspecification
#11
Julia Lukassek, Anna Prysłopska, Robin Hörnig, Claudia Maienborn
Underspecification and coercion are two prominent interpretive mechanisms to account for meaning variability beyond compositionality. While there is plentiful evidence that natural language meaning constitution exploits both mechanisms, it is an open issue whether a concrete phenomenon of meaning variability is an instance of underspecification or coercion. This paper argues that this theoretical dispute can be settled experimentally. The test case are standard motion verbs (e.g. walk, ride) in combination with ±telic directional phrases, for which both underspecifaction and coercion analyses have been proposed in the literature...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933563/sensitivity-to-crossover-constraints-during-native-and-non-native-pronoun-resolution
#12
Claudia Felser, Janna-Deborah Drummer
We report the results from two experiments examining native and non-native German speakers' sensitivity to crossover constraints on pronoun resolution. Our critical stimuli sentences contained personal pronouns in either strong (SCO) or weak crossover (WCO) configurations. Using eye-movement monitoring during reading and a gender-mismatch paradigm, Experiment 1 investigated whether a fronted wh-phrase would be considered as a potential antecedent for a pronoun intervening between the wh-phrase and its canonical position...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909852/improving-l2-reading-comprehension-through-emotionalized-dynamic-assessment-procedures
#13
Parisa Abdolrezapour
The paper reports a study on an emotionally-loaded dynamic assessment procedure used with Iranian EFL learners. It focuses on the effect of using emotional intelligence characteristics (based on Goleman's framework) as a tool for motivating learners while performing reading tasks. The study with 50 intermediate learners aged 12-15 used three modalities: a control group, which was taught under institute's normal procedures; a comparison group, which received dynamic assessment (DA); and an experimental group, which received emotionalized dynamic assessment (EDA) procedures, in the form of an intervention focusing on characteristics of Goleman's emotional intelligence framework with the express purpose of inducing them to work with their emotions...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885501/valence-of-affective-verbal-fluency-fmri-studies-on-neural-organization-of-emotional-concepts-joy-and-fear
#14
Barbara Gawda, Ewa Szepietowska, Pawel Soluch, Tomasz Wolak
The present study was designed to examine the underlying brain mechanisms of positive and negative emotional verbal fluency. Three verbal fluency tasks (one non-emotional phonemic task, two emotional tasks: Joy and Fear) were used in this study. The results were analyzed for 35 healthy, Polish-speaking, right-handed adults aged 20-35. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (3T) was used to show brain activity during active participation in emotional verbal fluency tasks. The results reported for emotional fluency confirmed activation of different brain regions for the negative and positive emotional verbal fluency: in positive emotional verbal fluency Joy elicits greater activation in the frontal regions and the cingulate cortex, while in negative verbal fluency Fear is reflected in activation of parietal and temporal areas...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878506/the-paradox-of-abstraction-precision-versus-concreteness
#15
Rumen Iliev, Robert Axelrod
We introduce a novel measure of abstractness based on the amount of information of a concept computed from its position in a semantic taxonomy. We refer to this measure as precision. We propose two alternative ways to measure precision, one based on the path length from a concept to the root of the taxonomic tree, and another one based on the number of direct and indirect descendants. Since more information implies greater processing load, we hypothesize that nouns higher in precision will have a processing disadvantage in a lexical decision task...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866311/unforced-revision-in-processing-relative-clause-association-ambiguity-in-japanese-evidence-against-revision-as-last-resort
#16
Toshiyuki Yamada, Manabu Arai, Yuki Hirose
The current study tackles a long standing question of whether comprehenders perform structural revision when it is not forced by grammar or not. Using an eye-tracking reading paradigm, we addressed this issue by making use of global structural ambiguity in Japanese. Our results show that comprehenders initially associate a relative clause with the first potential head noun and that they revise this analysis when the second noun is lexico-semantically possible as the relative clause head, but do not when it is impossible...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858256/self-regulatory-behaviors-and-approaches-to-learning-of-arts-students-a-comparison-between-professional-training-and-english-learning
#17
Min-Chen Tseng, Chia-Cheng Chen
This study investigated the self-regulatory behaviors of arts students, namely memory strategy, goal-setting, self-evaluation, seeking assistance, environmental structuring, learning responsibility, and planning and organizing. We also explored approaches to learning, including deep approach (DA) and surface approach (SA), in a comparison between students' professional training and English learning. The participants consisted of 344 arts majors. The Academic Self-Regulation Questionnaire and the Revised Learning Process Questionnaire were adopted to examine students' self-regulatory behaviors and their approaches to learning...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853918/data-from-russian-help-to-determine-in-which-languages-the-possible-word-constraint-applies
#18
Svetlana Alexeeva, Anastasia Frolova, Natalia Slioussar
The Possible Word Constraint, or PWC, is a speech segmentation principle prohibiting to postulate word boundaries if a remaining segment contains only consonants. The PWC was initially formulated for English where all words contain a vowel and claimed to hold universally after being confirmed for various other languages. However, it is crucial to look at languages that allow for words without vowels. Two such languages have been tested: data from Slovak were compatible with the PWC, while data from Tarifiyt Berber did not support it...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841010/the-impact-of-foreign-accent-on-credibility-an-analysis-of-cognitive-statement-ratings-in-a-swiss-context
#19
Ladina Stocker
The present paper reports on a study investigating whether the presence of a foreign accent negatively affects credibility judgments. Previous research suggests that trivia statements recorded by speakers with a foreign accent are judged as less credible than when recorded by native speakers due to increased cognitive demands (Lev-Ari and Keysar in J Exp Soc Psychol 46(6):1093-1096, 2010. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2010.05.025 ). In the present study, 194 French- and 183 Swiss-German-speaking participants were asked to judge the truthfulness of 48 trivia statements recorded by speakers with French, Swiss-German, Italian and English accents by means of an online survey...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812770/the-impact-of-world-knowledge-on-the-processing-of-mandarin-possessive-reflexive-zijide
#20
Rui Li, Zhiyi Zhang, Chuanbin Ni
It has long been considered that the Mandarin possessive reflexive zijide can be either locally bound or long distance bound, leading to ambiguity where it fails to exclusively refer back to either long distance binding NP or the local NP. In addition to syntactic factors such as the local versus long distance division, the present study examined the potential influence of general world knowledge on the interpretation of zijide. Three experiments, two offline sentence evaluation tasks and one online sentence reading task, found that zijide could be either facilitated or impeded by world knowledge carried in the NPs of the sentence...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
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