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Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/299432/-metabolic-regulation-in-surgical-patients
#1
H Göschke
The concentration of circulating hormones and substrates was determined in 7 patients before, during and after major elective surgery. On the basis of these and other of our studies, as well as data in the literature, a tentative scheme of postoperative and post-traumatic metabolism has been drawn up. It is based on the classical division into a "shock phase", a catabolic healing phase and an anabolic healing phase. The adjustment of intravenous feeding to these metabolic phases is discussed.
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/299431/-the-cardiocirculatory-state-of-the-catabolic-patient
#2
P M Suter
The patient in the state of catabolism shows, at least at the beginning, a hyperdynamic cardiovascular system which is characterized by an increased cardiac output and a high oxygen consumption. The following factors intervene in the regulation of the cardiac output: autoregulation of tissue perfusion, preload and afterload of the heart, contractility of the myocardium and heart frequency. All these elements are influenced by neurohormonal factors during stress or in the state of catabolism. Clinical observation of the functional signs at the level of the peripheral organs allows to evaluate the circulatory function...
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/299430/-the-catabolic-patient
#3
A Leutenegger
Trauma and stress can cause characteristic changes in metabolism: raised lipolysis and reduced glucose tolerance as well as major renal nitrogen losses are manifestations of a postoperative or posttraumatic excess of catabolism over anabolism. Excess catabolism is caused by immobilisation and inadequate oral or parenteral nutrition. Wasting in seriously ill patients for intensive treatment. Priority must be given to the prevention of insufficiencies of organs and systems, and to the elimination of stress factors...
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/122359/-panel-discussion-the-undernourished-patient
#4
G Hartmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/122358/-technical-aspects-of-parenteral-feeding
#5
C Burri
The following approaches to the caval vein are applicable: Vena saphena, respectively femoralis, vena basilica, subclavia respectively anonyma and vena jugularis. Based on collective studies from literature and own experience the puncture of the internal jugular vein is recommended. The approach via the veins of lower extremities is to be used no more on adults. Numerous complications, however, are independent of the approach. They may be caused by the catheter model applied or by poor application technique...
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/122357/-nutritional-requirements-and-parenteral-feeding
#6
REVIEW
H Aebi
1. The nutritional needs of man are governed by the law of the minimum (structural and protective substances) and the isodynamic rule (exchangeability of various energy carriers) There is a tendency to abandon the traditional concept of requirement as an absolute value (g or mg/day) and replace it by 3 graded parameters (minimal - lowest acceptable - desirable supply). Today nutrient density is of utmost importance in the planning and evaluation of food formulas, i.e. the content per 1000 kcal or per MJ = mega-Joule...
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/122356/-parenteral-feeding-in-pediatric-surgery
#7
A F Schärli
Complete, parenteral feeding by continuous drip infusion into large veins over long periods has a solid, therapeutic place in children's surgery. It embraces complete filling of the need for water, salts, glucose, amino acids, triglycerides, essential fatty acids, vitamins and trace elements. Bearing in mind certain basic principles, it can achieve a positive nitrogen balance and so anabolism even in the newborn and nursing infant, in spite of the high demand for calories and nitrogen.
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/122355/-metabolic-problems-and-indications-for-exclusive-and-prolonged-parenteral-feeding-in-children
#8
C Ricour
In the light of 350 cases of E.P.N., prevention of complications rests upon: 1. supply of hydroelectrolytics and proteinoenergetics at reduced dosage, initially, and then adapted to the anabolic stimulation, taking into consideration the correlations which exist between calories, nitrogen, calcium, phosphorus, zinc and vitamins, particularly those of the B-complex; 2. the necessity to achieve a progressive withdrawal through the supply of enteral elementary substances which will permit a modulated new induction of the digestive enzymatic secretory activities...
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/122354/principles-of-intravenous-nutrition
#9
H A Lee
In my view intravenous feeding represents a substantial advance in the management of critically ill patients. It is no longer tenable that patients should die as a result of complications of malnutrition simply because they cannot or are unable to take adequate oral nutrition. Intravenous feeding is a challenge both in concept and application. With it, however, the outcome for many patients, who formerly would have died, has considerably improved.
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/122353/-the-importance-of-amino-acids
#10
H Wick
Complete AS mixtures which permit prolonged parenteral feeding are known. It is possible to achieve normal growth even in nursing infants with such solutions (reference should be made to the contributions of Professor Riccour and Professor Schärli). On the other hand the composition of an AS solution of maximum biological value, e.g. for the growing body, is not yet known. Improvements in this respect can be envisaged although they are relevant only to certain patients. Changes in the method administration of AS may affect the biological value...
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/122352/panel-discussion-total-parenteral-nutrition-in-renal-failure
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/122351/-posttraumatic-and-postoperative-catabolism-protein-metabolism
#12
P M Suter
Patients with catabolism during the postoperative phase, after trauma or in a toxifectious state present with serious disorders of their protein metabolism. These alterations are caused mostly by endocrine factors and are characterized by destruction of proteins, gluconeogenesis, ketogenesis and increased renal nitrogen excretion. The nitrogen losses are most important in patients with multiple trauma, in sepsis and in burned patients. In view of the intricate etiology, the treatment of these disorders is difficult...
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/122350/-panel-discussion-the-catabolic-patient
#13
A Leutenegger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/122349/-the-biel-workshop-on-parenteral-nutrition
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1979: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1066338/-comparative-study-of-i-v-administration-of-xylitol-and-sorbitol-to-diabetics
#15
U C Dubach
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the intravenous administration of xylitol and sorbitol respectively on plasma insulin and blood glucose in subjects with non-insulin requiring maturity-onset diabetes after an overnight fast. All participants had two intravenous applications with an interval of at least 3 days. Part of the patients started with xylitol and had later on sorbitol; the other part had the reversed sequence. There are two series: Series A: Rapid i.v. application of 0.5 g/kg within 10 minutes (n = 8...
1976: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1066337/metabolism-of-glucose-substitutes-compared-to-that-of-glucose
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
H Förster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1976: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1066336/effects-of-fructose-and-xylitol-on-hepatic-carbohydrate-metabolism-and-its-hormonal-control
#17
A Jakob
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1976: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1066335/quantitatively-minor-areas-of-metabolism-of-both-sugar-alcohols-and-sugars
#18
A E Renold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1976: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1066334/-the-question-of-cariogenicity-of-sugars-and-polyalcohols-in-relation-to-a-carioprophylactic-agent-from-micriobiological-evidence
#19
F Gehring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1976: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1066333/xylitol-in-relation-to-the-incidence-of-dental-caries
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Scheinin
Two clinical trials were carried out in order to evaluate differences in caries increment as influenced by various sugars. The first study involved almost complete substitution of sucrose (S) by fructose (F) or xylitol (X) during a period of 2 years. The second study comprised partial substitution, the effects of a S- or X-containing chewing gum being compared during 1 year. In the first trial there were no significant differences initially between the sugar groups; 35 subjects in the S-group, 38 in the F-group, and 52 in the X-group...
1976: Internationale Zeitschrift Für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Beiheft
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