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Annals of Clinical Biochemistry

Michael J Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Stuart J Moat, Derek Rees, Roanna S George, Lawrence King, Alan Dodd, Adeboye Ifederu, Tejswurree Ramgoolam, Sharon Hillier
Background Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) has recently become an alternative method for the newborn screening of sickle cell disorders (SCD), as it is able to detect haemoglobin (Hb) peptides following digestion of bloodspots with trypsin. Using the SpOtOn Diagnostics Reagent Kit, we previously developed a screening protocol to detect only the disease states of SCD, using action values based on the ratio between the variant Hb peptide to wild-type peptide abundances for the HbS, C, D(Punjab), O(Arab), E and Lepore peptides...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Aniko Rentka, Krisztina Koroskenyi, Jolan Harsfalvi, Zoltan Szekanecz, Gabriella Szucs, Peter Szodoray, Adam Kemeny-Beke
The human precorneal tear film is a special body fluid, since it is a complex mixture of proteins, lipids, small bioactive molecules, and their concentrations and relative distribution represent not only the metabolic state of the ocular surface but also the systemic and local homeostasis of the outer eye and the human body. This suggests that biochemical analysis of the precorneal tear film composition may provide a non-invasive tool for diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression or treatment efficacy in human medicine...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Jane Armer, Diane Giles, Ian Lancaster, Kathryn Brownbill
Background Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is used as the first-line test of thyroid function. Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics recommend that Siemens Centaur reagents must be protected from light in the assay information and on reagent packaging. We have compared the effect of light exposure on results using Siemens TSH-3Ultra and follicle-stimulating hormone reagents. The thyroid-stimulating hormone reagent includes fluoroscein thiocyanate whereas the follicle-stimulating hormone reagent does not. Methods Three levels of quality controls were analysed using SiemensTSH-3Ultra and follicle-stimulating hormone reagent packs that had been kept protected from light or exposed to light at 6-h intervals for 48 h and then at 96 h...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Alison U Kelly, Rajeev Srivastava, Ellie Dow, D Fraser Davidson
Neuroblastoma is the most common solid extracranial malignancy diagnosed in childhood. Clinical presentation is variable, and metastatic disease is common at diagnosis. Analyses of urinary catecholamines and their metabolites are commonly requested as a first-line investigation when clinical suspicion exists. Levodopa (L-Dopa) therapy is utilized as a treatment for a number of disorders in childhood, including Dopa-responsive dystonia. Neuroblastoma may mimic some of the clinical features of this disorder. L-Dopa can interfere with analysis of urinary catecholamines and their metabolites and complicate the interpretation of results...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Mette F Møller, Tove R Søndergaard, Helle T Kristensen, Anna-Marie B Münster
Background Centrifugation of blood samples is an essential preanalytical step in the clinical biochemistry laboratory. Centrifugation settings are often altered to optimize sample flow and turnaround time. Few studies have addressed the effect of altering centrifugation settings on analytical quality, and almost all studies have been done using collection tubes with gel separator. Methods In this study, we compared a centrifugation time of 5 min at 3000 ×  g to a standard protocol of 10 min at 2200 ×  g...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Xiguang Sang, Zhiyong Wang, Tao Qin, Yonggang Li
Background Compelling evidence indicate that traumatic brain injury is highly related to accelerated bone fracture repair, but the underlying mechanism still remains elusive. Fracture repair process relies greatly on the formation of new blood vessels in fracture site, and angiogenic factors have been confirmed to be essential for the initiation and maintenance of the fracture healing. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α was demonstrated to be a critical regulator of angiogenic-osteogenic coupling during bone development and regeneration...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Hector F Pelusa, Eleonora Pezzarini, Cecilia L Basiglio, Jorge Musuruana, Mariela Bearzotti, María J Svetaz, Stella M Daniele, Hebe Bottai, Sandra Mm Arriaga
Background Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by thrombosis, fetal losses and thrombocytopenia associated to antiphospholipid antibodies. They are directed to phospholipids, such as cardiolipins (anticardiolipin) and lupus anticoagulant or to complexes formed by phospholipids and protein cofactors, such as β2 glycoprotein 1 (a-β2GP1) and annexin V (a-annexin V). These auto-antibodies may be considered as a family of antibodies involved in thrombotic events and antiphospholipid activity...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Yuji Hirowatari, Daisuke Manita, Keiko Kamachi, Akira Tanaka
Background Dietary habits are associated with obesity which is a risk factor for coronary heart disease. The objective is to estimate the change of lipoprotein(a) and other lipoprotein classes by calorie restriction with obesity index and Framingham risk score. Methods Sixty females (56 ± 9 years) were recruited. Their caloric intakes were reduced during the six-month period, and the calorie from fat was not more than 30%. Lipoprotein profiles were estimated at baseline and after the six-month period of calorie restriction...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Lorrae Marriott, Michael Zinaman, Keith R Abrams, Michael J Crowther, Sarah Johnson
Background Human chorionic gonadotrophin is a marker of early pregnancy. This study sought to determine the possibility of being able to distinguish between healthy and failing pregnancies by utilizing patient-associated risk factors and daily urinary human chorionic gonadotrophin concentrations. Methods Data were from a study that collected daily early morning urine samples from women trying to conceive (n = 1505); 250 of whom became pregnant. Data from 129 women who became pregnant (including 44 miscarriages) were included in these analyses...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Søren Feddersen, Lars Bastholt, Susanne M Pedersen
Background The clinical utility of serum thyroglobulin in the follow-up of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma may be compromised by the presence of endogenous antithyroglobulin antibodies. To prevent interference by antithyroglobulin antibodies several groups have developed real-time PCR-based assays for quantification of blood thyroglobulin mRNA levels. For accurate quantification of thyroglobulin mRNA in blood preanalytical factors must be recognized and controlled. In this study, we evaluate the effect of different blood RNA stabilizing systems - the Tempus Blood RNA system and the PAXgene Blood RNA system - and storage time on RNA yield and quality, and thyroglobulin mRNA stability...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Belkız Öngen, Sema Kalkan Uçar, Ertürk Levent, Elif Azarsız, Turan Koloğlu, Mahmut Çoker, Eser Sözmen, Ferhan G Sağın
Background Inflammation and hypercholesterolaemia contribute to atherosclerotic changes which can start in childhood. Children with hyperlipidaemias are at high risk for early coronary atherosclerosis. This study evaluates the relationship between lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and flow-mediated dilatation in hypercholesterolaemic dyslipidaemic children. Methods We performed a case-control study consisting of 43 cases, aged 2 to 17 years, and 24 age-matched controls...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Sung E Cho, Sollip Kim, Young D Kim, Hyojung Lee, Dong H Seo, Junghan Song, Tae H Um, Chong R Cho, Nam H Kim, Jong H Hwang
Background We evaluated the performance of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry to measure serum 3-epi-25-hydroxyvitamin D3, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 concentrations in 519 infant, paediatric and adolescent serum samples in Korea. Methods We used a Kinetex XB-C18 column and isocratic methanol/water (77.5/22.5, v/v) with 0.025% (v/v) high-performance liquid chromatography solvent additive flowing at 0.25 mL/min, yielding an 11 min/sample run time. A TQD triple quadrupole mass spectrometer in electrospray ionization positive ion mode with multiple reaction monitoring transition via an MSMS vitamin D kit was used to evaluate precision, carryover, ion suppression and linearity...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Michael Murphy, Maurice O'Kane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Valentina Pecoraro, Giuseppe Banfi, Luca Germagnoli, Tommaso Trenti
Background Point-of-care testing has been developed to provide rapid test results. Most published studies focus on analytical performance, neglecting its impact on patient outcomes. Objective To review the analytical performance and accuracy of point-of-care testing specifically planned for immunoassay and to evaluate the impact of faster results on patient management. Methods A search of electronic databases for studies reporting immunoassay results obtained in both point-of-care testing and central laboratory scenarios was performed...
July 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Lamis Beshir, Babiker Kaballo, Donald Young
Para-phenylenediamine is widely used as a chemical in hair dyes and in combination with henna. This dye is used to paint the body for decorative reasons, to speed the processing time of henna and to intensify the results. Para-phenylenediamine is widely used in the Middle East, North Africa and India. Several reports have been published of the fatal ingestion of hair dye containing para-phenylenediamine. Here, we describe the case of a 14-year-old girl who ingested the compound but whose prompt treatment prevented her death...
July 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Andrew J Chadburn, Elizabeth Garman, Raad Abbas, Anu Modupe, Clare Ford, Osmond L Thomas, Sanjiv Chugh, Shreeram Deshpande, Rousseau Gama
Background In acutely ill patients with new onset hyperglycaemia, plasma glucose cannot reliably distinguish between stress hyperglycaemia and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus. We, therefore, investigated the diagnostic reliability of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in acute illness by prospectively evaluating the effect of the systemic inflammatory response, as provoked by elective orthopaedic surgery, on HbA1c. Methods HbA1c and serum C-reactive protein concentrations were compared before and two days after elective knee or hip surgery in 30 patients without diabetes...
July 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Arun Sankaralingam, Annette Thomas, David R James, Anthony S Wierzbicki
Background Ethylene glycol poisoning remains a rare but important presentation to acute toxicology units. Guidelines recommended that ethylene glycol should be available as an 'urgent' test within 4 h, but these are difficult to deliver in practice. This study assessed a semi-quantitative enzymatic spectrophotometric assay for ethylene glycol compatible with automated platforms. Methods The ethylene glycol method was assessed in 21 samples from patients with an increased anion gap and metabolic acidosis not due to ethylene glycol ingestion, and seven samples known to contain ethylene glycol...
July 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Negar Maghsoodi, Jamshid Alaghband-Zadeh, Gemma F Cross, Malin Werling, Lars Fändriks, Neil G Docherty, Torsten Olbers, Tracy Dew, Roy A Sherwood, Royce P Vincent, Carel W le Roux
Background Roux-en-Y gastric bypass increases circulating bile acid concentrations, known mediators of postprandial suppression of markers of bone resorption. Long-term data, however, indicate that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass confers an increased risk of bone loss on recipients. Methods Thirty-six obese individuals, median age 44 (26-64) with median body mass index at baseline of 42.5 (40.4-46) were studied before and 15 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. After an overnight fast, patients received a 400 kcal mixed meal...
July 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Santiago Rodriguez, Osama A Al-Ghamdi, Philip Ai Guthrie, Hashem A Shihab, Wendy McArdle, Tom Gaunt, Khalid K Alharbi, Ian Nm Day
Background One of the kallikrein genes ( KLK3) encodes prostate-specific antigen, a key biomarker for prostate cancer. A number of factors, both genetic and non-genetic, determine variation of serum prostate-specific antigen concentrations in the population. We have recently found three KLK3 deletions in individuals with very low prostate-specific antigen concentrations, suggesting a link between abnormally reduced KLK3 expression and deletions of KLK3. Here, we aim to determine the frequency of kallikrein gene 3 deletions in the general population...
July 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
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