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Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521665/identifiers-of-language-impairment-for-spanish-english-dual-language-learners
#1
Rochel Lazewnik, Nancy A Creaghead, Allison Breit Smith, Jo-Anne Prendeville, Lesley Raisor-Becker, Noah Silbert
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if a standardized assessment developed for Spanish-English dual language learners (SEDLLs) differentiates SEDLLs with language impairment (LI) from children with typical language better than the translated/adapted Spanish and/or English version of a standardized assessment and to determine if adding informal measure/s to the standardized assessment increases the classification accuracy. Method: Standardized and informal language assessment measures were administered to 30 Mexican American 4- to 5-year-old SEDLLs to determine the predictive value of each measure and the group of measures that best identified children with LI and typical language...
December 6, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30453331/speech-intervention-outcomes-associated-with-word-lexicality-and-intervention-intensity
#2
Alycia Cummings, Janet Hallgrimson, Sarah Robinson
Purpose: This study examined how lexical representations and intervention intensity affect phonological acquisition and generalization in children with speech sound disorders. Method: Using a single-subject multiple baseline design, 24 children with speech sound disorders (3;6 to 6;10 [years;months]) were split into 3 word lexicality types targeting word-initial complex singleton phonemes: /ɹ l ʧ θ/. Specifically, academic vocabulary words, nonwords (NWs), and high-frequency (HF) words were contrasted...
November 15, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30453316/sketch-and-speak-an-expository-intervention-using-note-taking-and-oral-practice-for-children-with-language-related-learning-disabilities
#3
Teresa A Ukrainetz
Purpose: This preliminary study investigated an intervention procedure employing 2 types of note-taking and oral practice to improve expository reporting skills. Procedure: Forty-four 4th to 6th graders with language-related learning disabilities from 9 schools were assigned to treatment or control conditions that were balanced for grade, oral language, and other features. The treatment condition received 6 30-min individual or pair sessions from the school of speech-language pathologists (SLPs)...
November 15, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383206/orthographic-learning-in-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing
#4
Malin Wass, Teresa Y C Ching, Linda Cupples, Hua-Chen Wang, Björn Lyxell, Louise Martin, Laura Button, Miriam Gunnourie, Isabelle Boisvert, Catherine McMahon, Anne Castles
Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between orthographic learning and language, reading, and cognitive skills in 9-year-old children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) and to compare their performance to age-matched typically hearing (TH) controls. Method: Eighteen children diagnosed with moderate-to-profound hearing loss who use hearing aids and/or cochlear implants participated. Their performance was compared with 35 age-matched controls with typical hearing...
October 30, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383192/predictors-of-vocabulary-outcomes-in-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-from-spanish-speaking-families
#5
Beatriz de Diego-Lázaro, María Adelaida Restrepo, Allison Lee Sedey, Christine Yoshinaga-Itano
Purpose: The goal of this study was to identify predictors of expressive vocabulary in young Spanish-speaking children who are deaf or hard of hearing living in the United States. Method: This cross-sectional study considered 53 children with bilateral hearing loss between 8 and 34 months of age (M = 24, SD = 6.9). Demographic variables, variables related to the hearing loss, and intervention variables were included in a hierarchical regression analysis to predict expressive vocabulary quotients from the MacArthur Inventario del Desarrollo de Habilidades Comunicativas (Communicative Development Inventories; Jackson-Maldonado et al...
October 30, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383182/screening-children-s-speech-the-impact-of-imitated-elicitation-and-word-position
#6
Sharynne McLeod, Sarah Masso
Purpose: Diagnostic decision making is influenced by the attributes of assessments. In order to propose time-efficient protocols for screening children's speech, this study aimed to determine whether eliciting imitated responses and analyzing productions in different word positions resulted in different levels of consonant accuracy. Method: Participants were 267 English-speaking preschool-age children in the Sound Start Study whose parents were concerned about their speech...
October 30, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458549/five-ways-speech-language-pathologists-can-positively-impact-children-with-dyslexia
#7
Tiffany P Hogan
The purpose of this epilogue is to offer five ways speech-language pathologists can positively impact children with dyslexia, drawing from and expanding on the articles presented in this clinical forum on dyslexia.
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458548/eligibility-for-special-education-in-elementary-school-the-role-of-diverse-language-experiences
#8
Brianna L Yamasaki, Gigi Luk
Purpose: We examined the association between language experience and elementary students' eligibility for special education in Massachusetts. Method: A secondary descriptive data analysis was conducted on the anonymized demographic data obtained from the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. Third, 4th, and 5th grade students were categorized into native English speakers, English-proficient bilinguals, and emerging bilinguals. Eligibility for free or reduced lunch was also considered...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458547/predicting-reading-problems-6-years-into-the-future-dynamic-assessment-reduces-bias-and-increases-classification-accuracy
#9
Douglas B Petersen, Shelbi L Gragg, Trina D Spencer
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine how well a kindergarten dynamic assessment of decoding predicts future reading difficulty at 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade and to determine whether the dynamic assessment improves the predictive validity of traditional static kindergarten reading measures. Method: With a small variation in sample size by grade, approximately 370 Caucasian and Hispanic students were administered a 3-min dynamic assessment of decoding and static measures of letter identification and phonemic awareness at the beginning of kindergarten...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458546/from-deficit-remediation-to-capacity-building-learning-to-enable-rather-than-disable-students-with-dyslexia
#10
Gabrielle Rappolt-Schlichtmann, Alyssa R Boucher, Miriam Evans
Purpose: In this article, we explore the deficit view of dyslexia and consider how it may narrow research so as to hamper the progress of scientific discovery and constrain best practices to the detriment of the overall well-being and growth of students with dyslexia. We consider the neurodiversity view of dyslexia as an alternative to the deficit view and explore how strengths-based approaches such as Universal Design for Learning can be used to support the overall well-being and development of students with dyslexia...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458545/why-children-with-dyslexia-struggle-with-writing-and-how-to-help-them
#11
Michael Hebert, Devin M Kearns, Joanne Baker Hayes, Pamela Bazis, Samantha Cooper
Purpose: Children with dyslexia often have related writing difficulties. In the simple view of writing model, high-quality writing depends on good transcription skills, working memory, and executive function-all of which can be difficult for children with dyslexia and result in poor spelling and low overall writing quality. In this article, we describe the challenges of children with dyslexia in terms of the simple view of writing and instructional strategies to increase spelling and overall writing quality in children with dyslexia...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458544/elementary-grade-intervention-approaches-to-treat-specific-learning-disabilities-including-dyslexia
#12
Stephanie Al Otaiba, Amy Gillespie Rouse, Kristi Baker
Purpose: The purpose of this narrative review of the literature is to provide a description of intensive interventions for elementary grade students with dyslexia, students with learning disabilities, and students with intensive reading and writing needs. Method: First, we provide a brief overview of response to intervention. Second, we explain our theoretical framework for the review. Third, we describe evidence-based interventions, which are divided into predominantly reading or writing interventions...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458543/early-identification-of-dyslexia-understanding-the-issues
#13
Danielle Colenbrander, Jessie Ricketts, Helen L Breadmore
Purpose: The purpose of this tutorial is to provide an overview of the benefits and challenges associated with the early identification of dyslexia. Method: The literature on the early identification of dyslexia is reviewed. Theoretical arguments and research evidence are summarized. An overview of response to intervention as a method of early identification is provided, and the benefits and challenges associated with it are discussed. Finally, the role of speech-language pathologists in the early identification process is addressed...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458542/the-state-of-dyslexia-recent-legislation-and-guidelines-for-serving-school-age-children-and-adolescents-with-dyslexia
#14
Jeannene M Ward-Lonergan, Jill K Duthie
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of recent dyslexia legislation and guidelines pertaining to services for students with dyslexia in public school settings and to describe possible implications for speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Method: In recent years, there has been increased attention focused on effectively meeting the needs of students with dyslexia nationwide. The Decoding Dyslexia organization has chapters in all 50 states in the nation, and they have been instrumental in promoting public awareness of the importance of improving services for students with dyslexia...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458541/cognitive-neuroscience-of-dyslexia
#15
Anila M D'Mello, John D E Gabrieli
Purpose: This review summarizes what is known about the structural and functional brain bases of dyslexia. Method: We review the current literature on structural and functional brain differences in dyslexia. This includes evidence about differences in gray matter anatomy, white matter connectivity, and functional activations in response to print and language. We also summarize findings concerning brain plasticity in response to interventions. Results: We highlight evidence relating brain function and structure to instructional issues such as diagnosis and prognosis...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458540/reading-disabilities-in-adolescents-and-adults
#16
Meredith Saletta
Purpose: Reading skills continue to develop into adolescence and adulthood. Difficulties in reading have lifelong repercussions. Many speech-language pathologists who work with older individuals in the school setting face significant issues, including those mandated by recent changes in legislation. Theoretical topics related to reading development and disorders include the variety of orthographic systems across languages and the ways in which adults who are literate in an alphabetic orthographic system experience changes to their spoken and written language processing...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458539/exploring-the-overlap-between-dyslexia-and-speech-sound-production-deficits
#17
Kathryn L Cabbage, Kelly Farquharson, Jenya Iuzzini-Seigel, Jennifer Zuk, Tiffany P Hogan
Purpose: Children with dyslexia have speech production deficits in a variety of spoken language contexts. In this article, we discuss the nature of speech production errors in children with dyslexia, including those who have a history of speech sound disorder and those who do not, to familiarize speech-language pathologists with speech production-specific risk factors that may help predict or identify dyslexia in young children. Method: In this tutorial, we discuss the role of a phonological deficit in children with dyslexia and how this may manifest as speech production errors, sometimes in conjunction with a speech sound disorder but sometimes not...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458538/understanding-dyslexia-in-the-context-of-developmental-language-disorders
#18
Suzanne M Adlof, Tiffany P Hogan
Purpose: The purpose of this tutorial is to discuss the language basis of dyslexia in the context of developmental language disorders (DLDs). Whereas most studies have focused on the phonological skills of children with dyslexia, we bring attention to broader language skills. Method: We conducted a focused literature review on the language basis of dyslexia from historical and theoretical perspectives with a special emphasis on the relation between dyslexia and DLD and on the development of broader language skills (e...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458537/what-speech-language-pathologists-need-to-know-about-dyslexia
#19
Tiffany P Hogan
Purpose: The purpose of this clinical forum is to provide a broad survey of up-to-date, evidence-based information about dyslexia that can be readily applied to clinical practice by speech-language pathologists. Topics include (a) theoretical and clinical frameworks for understanding dyslexia in relation to other language-based communication disorders, (b) the neurobiological basis of dyslexia, (c) the current state of dyslexia legislation, (d) issues around identification of dyslexia, (e) and evidence-based reviews of instruction for reading and writing...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458535/language-sample-practices-with-children-who-are-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing
#20
Kristina M Blaiser, Megan A Shannahan
Purpose: In this study, we aimed to identify common language sample practices of professionals who work with children who are Deaf/hard of hearing (DHH) who use listening and spoken language as a means to better understand why and how language sampling can be utilized by speech-language pathologists serving this population. Method: An electronic questionnaire was disseminated to professionals who serve children who are DHH and use listening and spoken language in the United States...
October 24, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
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