journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preventive Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919202/parenting-practices-and-overweight-status-of-junior-high-school-students-in-china-a-nationally-representative-study-of-19-487-students-from-112-schools
#1
Zhengqi Tan, Jungwon Min, Hong Xue, Weidong Wang, Youfa Wang
The study aimed to examine the level of parental responsiveness and demandingness for junior high students in China and its association with child weight status; assess if it differs by student socio-demographic characteristics; and to test the association between parenting and child physical activity. Nationally representative survey data collected from 19,487 students in 112 middle schools across China in 2013-2014 academic year were analyzed in 2016. Children's anthropometrics and perceptions of parenting practices were accessed by self-administered questionnaire...
September 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917951/a-spatial-analysis-of-race-local-health-promoting-resources-and-preventable-hospitalizations
#2
Caryn N Bell, Janice V Bowie, Roland J Thorpe, David M Levine
INTRODUCTION: Preventable hospitalizations (PHs) for chronic conditions could have been avoided if treated with primary healthcare. PH rates are higher among African Americans, and in areas with less healthcare. Little is known about the effects of non-healthcare local health-promoting resources (LHPRs). The objective of this study is to determine associations between LHPRs and chronic PH rates in Maryland, and to assess spatial clustering of areas with high PH rates. METHODS: Hospitalizations in 2010 were obtained from the Maryland Health Services Cost Review Commission by zip code of residence...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917950/suicide-behavior-and-associated-psychosocial-factors-among-adolescents-in-campeche-mexico
#3
Catalina González-Forteza, Carlos E Juárez-López, Alberto Jiménez, Liliana Montejo-León, Ulises R Rodríguez-Santisbón, Fernando A Wagner
Suicide is an important public health problem that requires a preventive approach. The present study aimed at assessing suicidal behaviors and their relations with other psychosocial factors in Campeche, Mexico, in order to inform the design of potential preventive interventions. A multistage probability sample of 2386 students representative of all middle schools of the state of Campeche, Mexico, took a standardized, paper-and-pencil survey covering selected psychosocial constructs including suicide behavior, depression, drug use, familial relationships, locus of control, impulsivity, and self-esteem, among others...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917949/linear-association-between-number-of-modifiable-risk-factors-and-multiple-chronic-conditions-results-from-the-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#4
Mary L Adams, Joseph Grandpre, David L Katz, Douglas Shenson
Multiple (≥2) chronic conditions (MCCs) are responsible for a large fraction of healthcare costs. Our aim was to examine possible associations between MCCs and composite measures of behavioral risk factors (RFs). Data were publicly available 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and included 483,865 non-institutionalized US adults ages ≥18years. Chronic conditions included asthma, arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cognitive impairment, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and kidney disease...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916289/breast-cancer-screening-utilization-among-women-from-muslim-majority-countries-in-ontario-canada
#5
Mandana Vahabi, Aisha Lofters, Eliane Kim, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong, Lisa Ellison, Erin Graves, Richard H Glazier
Breast cancer screening disparities continue to prevail with immigrant women being at the forefront of the under screened population. There is a paucity of knowledge about the role of religious affiliation or cultural orientation on immigrant women's cancer screening uptake. This study examined differences in uptake of breast cancer screening among women from Muslim and non- Muslim majority countries in Ontario, Canada. A cohort of 1,851,834 screening-eligible women living in Ontario during April 1, 2013 to March 31, 2015 was created using linked health and social administrative databases...
September 12, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911953/associations-between-complementary-medicine-utilization-and-influenza-pneumococcal-vaccination-results-of-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-9151-australian-women
#6
Jon Wardle, Jane Frawley, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt, Amie Steel, Romy Lauche
Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination is recommended for all adults, with older adults considered a high-risk group for targeted intervention. As such it is important for factors affecting vaccine uptake in this group to be examined. Complementary medicine (CM) use has been suggested as a possible factor associated with lower vaccination uptake. To determine if associations exist between influenza and pneumococcal vaccine uptake in older Australian women and the use of CM, data from women aged 62-67years surveyed as part of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) were analyzed in 2013 regarding their health and health care utilization...
September 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911952/trends-in-food-insecurity-among-california-residents-from-2001-to-2011-inequities-at-the-intersection-of-immigration-status-and-ethnicity
#7
Katrina M Walsemann, Annie Ro, Gilbert C Gee
Although immigrants are healthier than non-immigrants on numerous outcomes, the reverse appears to be true with regards to food insecurity. Most studies ignore heterogeneity in the risk for food insecurity within immigration status and by ethnicity, even though significant variation likely exists. We consider how immigration status and ethnicity are related to trends in food insecurity among Latinos and Asians in California from 2001 through 2011. Data come from the 2001 to 2011 restricted California Health Interview Survey (n=245,679)...
September 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893595/modeling-multiple-health-behaviors-and-general-health
#8
Kelsey Elise Ufholz, Lisa L Harlow
Multiple Health Behavior Change assumes health behaviors are related to one another, although research evidence is mixed. More research is needed to understand which behaviors are most closely related and how they collectively predict health. Principle component analysis and structural equation modeling were used to establish a model showing relations between health behaviors, including fruit/vegetable consumption, aerobic and strength exercise, alcohol intake, and smoking, and how these behaviors relate to general physical and mental health functioning in a large, national sample...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890355/impact-of-a-workplace-physical-activity-tracking-program-on-biometric-health-outcomes
#9
Jiani Yu, Jean M Abraham, Bryan Dowd, Lucas F Higuera, John A Nyman
Wellness programs are a popular strategy utilized by large U.S. employers. As mobile health applications and wearable tracking devices increase in prevalence, many employers now offer physical activity tracking applications. This longitudinal study evaluates the impact of engagement with a web-based, physical activity tracking program on changes in individuals' biometric outcomes in an employer population. The study population includes active employees and adult dependents continuously enrolled in an eligible health plan and who have completed at least two biometric screenings (n=36,882 person-years with 11,436 unique persons) between 2011 and 2014...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890352/social-cognitive-aspects-of-the-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-as-revealed-by-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#10
Stefan Röttger, Johanna Maier, Larissa Krex-Brinkmann, Jens T Kowalski, Annika Krick, Jörg Felfe, Michael Stein
Health-promoting efforts strongly depend on individual cognitions such as attitudes as well as social cognitive aspects of the work environment such as leadership and support. Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a theoretical frame, participation behavior of employees in courses offered by the workplace health promotion (WHP) program of the German Armed Forces was investigated. Social cognitive aspects of the work environment, such as leadership behaviors by setting an example or optimizing organization of work, were included in the TPB components of subjective norm and perceived behavioral control, which allowed for an investigation of the specific effects of leadership on WHP participation...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890354/employment-changes-associated-with-the-introduction-of-taxes-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-nonessential-energy-dense-food-in-mexico
#11
Carlos M Guerrero-López, Mariana Molina, M Arantxa Colchero
We assessed changes in employment in the manufacturing industry, the commercial sector and national unemployment rates, associated with the fiscal policies implemented in 2014 in Mexico: a 1 peso per liter excise tax to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and an 8% tax on nonessential energy-dense food. We used data from three nationally representative surveys. Controlling for contextual variables, we used interrupted time series analyses to model changes in number of employees in the SSB and nonessential energy-dense food industry, in commercial establishments selling beverages and food and changes in national unemployment rates...
September 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890353/identifying-principles-for-effective-messages-about-chemicals-in-cigarette-smoke
#12
Seth M Noar, Dannielle E Kelley, Marcella H Boynton, Jennifer C Morgan, Marissa G Hall, Jennifer R Mendel, Kurt M Ribisl, Noel T Brewer
US law requires the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to disclose information on harmful and potentially harmful chemicals in cigarette smoke (i.e., constituents) to the public. To inform this effort, we sought to identify principles for creating constituent messages that effectively discourage smoking. Participants were an online convenience sample of 1148 US smokers ages 18+. We developed a library of 76 messages about constituents only and constituents plus contextualizing information (i.e., toxic products that also contain the chemical, health effects, or both)...
September 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888824/associations-of-100-fruit-juice-versus-whole-fruit-with-hypertension-and-diabetes-risk-in-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#13
Brandon J Auerbach, Alyson J Littman, Lesley Tinker, Joseph Larson, James Krieger, Bessie Young, Marian Neuhouser
The objective of this study was to determine whether consumption of 100% fruit juice as compared to whole fruit is associated with increased risk of hypertension or diabetes. We analyzed postmenopausal women in the United States enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998. Whole fruit and 100% fruit juice intake were assessed by baseline food frequency questionnaire. Standardized questionnaires assessed outcomes every 6-12months during a mean 7.8years of follow-up. Cox regression estimated hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for incident hypertension (n=36,314 incident cases/80,539 total participants) and diabetes (n=11,488 incident cases/114,219 total participants)...
September 6, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888823/comparing-percentages-and-ranks-of-adolescent-weight-related-outcomes-among-u-s-states-implications-for-intervention-development
#14
Jennifer L Moss, Benmei Liu, Li Zhu
Understanding statistical differences in states' percentages and ranks of adolescents meeting health behavior guidelines can guide policymaking. Data came from 531,777 adolescents (grades 9-12) who completed the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System survey in 2011, 2013, or 2015. We measured the percentage of adolescents in each state that met guidelines for physical activity, fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption, and healthy weight status. Then we ranked states and calculated the ranks' 95% CI's using a Monte Carlo method with 100,000 simulations...
September 6, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887193/variability-in-self-rated-health-trajectories-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-by-demographic-factors
#15
Rebeccah Sokol, Susan Ennett, Nisha Gottfredson, Carolyn Halpern
Self-rated health (SRH) is a robust measure of general health status and an indicator of where and when to target disease prevention efforts-especially in adolescent populations when clinical endpoints are rare. This study's purpose was to model SRH trajectories from ages 13 to 31 and identify whether and when differences between demographic groups emerge. We employed a conditional latent growth model of SRH in December 2016 using a nationally representative sample of 11,512 adolescents from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health data collected in 1994-2008...
September 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887192/integrating-smartphone-technology-social-support-and-the-outdoor-physical-environment-to-improve-fitness-among-adults-at-risk-of-or-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-findings-from-the-ecofit-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Ronald C Plotnikoff, Magdalena Wilczynska, Kristen E Cohen, Jordan J Smith, David R Lubans
The risk and prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) has dramatically increased over the past decade. The aim of this study was to develop, implement and evaluate a physical activity intervention to improve aerobic and muscular fitness among adults at risk of, or diagnosed with T2D. A 20-week, assessor blinded, parallel-group randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at the University of Newcastle (June-December 2015). Adults were randomized to the intervention (n=42) or wait-list control group (n=42). The theory-based intervention included: Phase 1 (weeks 1-10) integrated group sessions (outdoor physical activity and cognitive mentoring), and the eCoFit smartphone application (app)...
September 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887191/factors-influencing-participation-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-programs-in-spain
#17
Mercedes Vanaclocha-Espi, Josefa Ibáñez, Ana Molina-Barceló, Elena Pérez, Andreu Nolasco, Rebeca Font, Francisco Pérez-Riquelme, Mariola de la Vega, Eunate Arana-Arri, MªElena Oceja, Josep Alfons Espinàs, Isabel Portillo, Dolores Salas
To analyze the sociodemographic and organizational factors influencing participation in population-based colorectal cancer screening programs (CRCSP) in Spain, a retrospective study was conducted in a cohort of people invited to participate in the first 3 screening rounds of 6 CRCSP from 2000 to 2012. Mixed logistic regression models were used to analyze the relationship between sociodemographic and organizational factors, such as the type of fecal occult blood test (FOBT) used and the FOBT delivery type. The analysis was performed separately in groups (Initial screening-first invitation, Subsequent invitation for previous never-responders, Subsequent invitation-regular, Subsequent invitation-irregular intervals)...
September 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882746/contributing-to-helping-to-achieve-the-un-sustainable-development-goals-truly-shifting-from-niche-to-norm
#18
EDITORIAL
Billie Giles-Corti, Jacqueline Kerr, Michael Pratt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882745/the-effects-of-yoga-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Herpreet Thind, Ryan Lantini, Brittany L Balletto, Marissa L Donahue, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Beth C Bock, Lori A J Scott-Sheldon
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effects of yoga for glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Comprehensive electronic databases searches located 2559 unique studies with relevant key terms. Studies were included if they (1) evaluated a yoga intervention to promote T2DM management, (2) used a comparison group, (3) reported an objective measure of glycemic control at post-intervention, and (4) had follow-up length or post-test of at least 8weeks from baseline. Independent raters coded participant, design and methodological characteristics and intervention content...
September 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882744/local-health-and-social-services-expenditures-an-empirical-typology-of-local-government-spending
#20
J Mac McCullough
The conceptual importance of social services to health outcomes is well known and recent empirical evidence has linked social services spending to better population health outcomes. Yet little research has been devoted to what social services spending actually entails as it relates to population health and whether broadly similar spending patterns may exist across communities. The purpose of this study was to identify empirical patterns in spending, and explore health status and outcome correlates with social services spending...
September 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
journal
journal
22787
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"