journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preventive Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652088/electronic-cigarette-use-as-an-aid-to-quit-smoking-in-the-representative-italian-population-passi-survey
#1
Giuseppe Gorini, Gianluigi Ferrante, Elisa Quarchioni, Valentina Minardi, Maria Masocco, Pirous Fateh-Moghadam, Stefano Campostrini, Paolo D'Argenio, Daniela Galeone
This study explored electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use as an aid to quit smoking and compared abstinence rates for different quitting methods in a representative sample of the Italian population. In the 2014-2015 PASSI survey, the ongoing Italian behavioural risk factor surveillance system, 6112 adults who smoked and made at least one quit attempt in the previous 12months, were categorized into three groups according to the method used in their most recent quit attempt: e-cigarette only, no aid, other quitting methods (medications; programmes delivered in smoking cessation services; other unspecified methods)...
June 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652087/determinants-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-uptake-among-adolescent-girls-a-theory-based-longitudinal-study-among-hong-kong-chinese-parents
#2
Linda Dong-Ling Wang, Wendy Wing Tak Lam, Richard Fielding
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination uptake among Chinese adolescent girls remains extremely low. This two-year longitudinal study examined theoretical predictors of adolescent girls' HPV vaccination uptake using an extended Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). Between February and November 2014, a random sample of 1996 (response rate 60%) Hong Kong Chinese parents of 12- to 17-year-old HPV unvaccinated girls completed baseline telephone interviews assessing attitudes and intention towards HPV vaccination. Six and 12months later 1255 and 979 parents reported their daughters' HPV vaccination status, respectively...
June 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652086/commentary-navigating-the-complexities-of-marijuana
#3
Susan Weiss, Eric M Wargo
Science needs to drive our thinking as we navigate a new legislative environment in which many Americans have access to marijuana for therapeutic or recreational use. With the responsibility to fund, conduct, and make use of the research on marijuana, and understand the impacts of new policies, comes the obligation of not thinking in simplistic, black-and-white terms about this substance. The drug's unique harms include neurodevelopmental impacts that may be long lasting or permanent, yet some evidence suggests the drug may benefit people with certain medical conditions (e...
June 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652085/the-influence-of-fathers-on-children-s-physical-activity-a-review-of-the-literature-from-2009-to-2015
#4
REVIEW
Cody D Neshteruk, Brooke T Nezami, Gianna Nino-Tapias, Kirsten K Davison, Dianne S Ward
Parents are influential in promoting children's physical activity. Yet, most research has focused on how mothers influence children's activity, while little empirical attention has been devoted to understanding how fathers may influence children's activity. The purpose of this review was to summarize observational studies from 2009 to 2015 examining the influence of fathers on children's physical activity. A publicly available database, from a prior systematic review, containing information on 667 studies of parenting and childhood obesity from 2009 to 2015 was searched for potential studies...
June 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648930/associations-between-multiple-indicators-of-socio-economic-status-and-muscle-strengthening-activity-participation-in-a-nationally-representative-population-sample-of-australian-adults
#5
Jonathan Freeston, Jo Gale, Yorgi Mavros, Jason Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Adrian Bauman, Emmanuel Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: Muscle-strengthening activity (MSA) (e.g. weight training), confers unique health benefits. While socioeconomic status (SES) correlates with leisure time physical activity, little is known about its relation with MSA. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 8993 Australian adults (>18years) who participated in the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-12. Information was collected on SES (income, education, socio-economic disadvantage and remoteness) and MSA participation...
June 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647547/beyond-education-and-income-identifying-novel-socioeconomic-correlates-of-cigarette-use-in-u-s-young-adults
#6
Andrea C Villanti, Amanda L Johnson, Jessica M Rath
Young adulthood is defined by transitions in family life, living situations, educational settings, and employment. As a result, education and income may not be appropriate measures of socioeconomic status (SES) in young people. Using a national sample of young adults aged 18-34 (n=3364; collected February 2016), we explored novel socioeconomic correlates of ever cigarette use, past 30-day cigarette use, and daily cigarette use, weighted to account for non-response. Measures of SES assessed current education, household income, employment status, and subjective financial situation (SFS) and childhood SES (maternal and paternal education, SFS during childhood, parental divorce before age 18)...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647546/a-review-of-the-effects-of-very-low-nicotine-content-cigarettes-on-behavioral-and-cognitive-performance
#7
Diana R Keith, Allison N Kurti, Danielle R Davis, Ivori A Zvorsky, Stephen T Higgins
The present systematic review examines whether very low nicotine content (VLNC) cigarettes ameliorate withdrawal-induced impairments in behavioral/cognitive performance. PubMed, PsycInfo, and Web of Science were searched for performance effects of VLNC cigarettes. For inclusion, reports had to be in English, published in a peer-reviewed journal through June 2017, examine VLNC cigarettes (<0.2mg nicotine yield), include ≥2hour smoking abstinence or reduced nicotine exposure, and examine performance. 19 of 1243 articles reviewed met inclusion criteria...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647545/workplace-interventions-to-improve-sitting-posture-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Paul Alan Swinton, Kay Cooper, Elizabeth Hancock
Evaluate the effectiveness of workplace interventions to improve sitting posture of workers that spend long periods of time seated at a visual display terminal. A systematic review of randomised controlled trials, non-randomised controlled trials and single-group intervention trials featuring workplace interventions with pre- and follow-up measurements of sitting posture was conducted (registered in PROSPERO, CRD#42015027648). Nine databases were searched for studies available between January 2005 and February 2016...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647544/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-among-state-medicaid-programs-for-breast-cancer-screening
#9
Florence K Tangka, Sujha Subramanian, Lee Rivers Mobley, Sonja Hoover, Jiantong Wang, Ingrid J Hall, Simple D Singh
Breast cancer screening by mammography has been shown to reduce breast cancer morbidity and mortality. The use of mammography screening though varies by race, ethnicity, and, sociodemographic characteristics. Medicaid is an important source of insurance in the US for low-income beneficiaries, who are disproportionately members of racial or ethnic minorities, and who are less likely to be screened than women with higher socioeconomic statuses. We used 2006-2008 data from Medicaid claims and enrollment files to assess racial or ethnic and geographic disparities in the use of breast cancer screening among Medicaid-insured women at the state level...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647543/healthy-eating-and-activity-across-the-lifespan-heal-a-call-to-action-to-integrate-research-clinical-practice-policy-and-community-resources-to-address-weight-related-health-disparities
#10
Jerica M Berge, Margaret Adamek, Caitlin Caspi, Katie A Loth, Amy Shanafelt, Steven D Stovitz, Amanda Trofholz, Katherine Y Grannon, Marilyn S Nanney
Despite intense nationwide efforts to improve healthy eating and physical activity across the lifespan, progress has plateaued. Moreover, health inequities remain. Frameworks that integrate research, clinical practice, policy, and community resources to address weight-related behaviors are needed. Implementation and evaluation of integration efforts also remain a challenge. The purpose of this paper is to: (1) Describe the planning and development process of an integrator entity, HEAL (Healthy Eating and Activity across the Lifespan); (2) present outcomes of the HEAL development process including the HEAL vision, mission, and values statements; (3) define the planned integrator functions of HEAL; and (4) describe the ongoing evaluation of the integration process...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645628/the-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-a-rural-bangladesh-population
#11
Michale Garshick, Fen Wu, Ryan Demmer, Faruque Parvez, Alauddin Ahmed, Mahbub Eunus, Rabiul Hasan, Jabun Nahar, Ishrat Shaheen, Golam Sarwar, Moise Desvarieux, Habibul Ahsan, Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, CVD accounts for the majority of non-communicable mortality. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of socioeconomic status (SES) on subclinical atherosclerosis measured as carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in a rural Bangladesh population. METHODS: Carotid IMT was measured between 2010 and 2011 in 1022 participants (average age 46, 40% male) randomly selected from the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS), a population-based prospective cohort study based in rural Bangladesh...
June 20, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645627/does-higher-education-protect-against-obesity-evidence-using-mendelian-randomization
#12
Petri Böckerman, Jutta Viinikainen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Christian Hakulinen, Niina Pitkänen, Terho Lehtimäki, Jaakko Pehkonen, Olli T Raitakari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this explorative study was to examine the effect of education on obesity using Mendelian randomization. METHODS: Participants (N=2011) were from the on-going nationally representative Young Finns Study (YFS) that began in 1980 when six cohorts (aged 30, 33, 36, 39, 42 and 45 in 2007) were recruited. The average value of BMI (kg/m(2)) measurements in 2007 and 2011 and genetic information were linked to comprehensive register-based information on the years of education in 2007...
June 20, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645626/what-makes-an-active-public-realm-opportunities-and-challenges-for-research
#13
Chester Harvey, Daniel A Rodriguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625419/recommendation-of-colorectal-cancer-testing-among-primary-care-patients-younger-than-50-with-elevated-risk
#14
Celette Sugg Skinner, Chul Ahn, Ethan A Halm, Wendy Pechero Bishop, Katharine McCallister, Joanne M Sanders, David Farrell, Noel Santini, Amit G Singal
In the era of precision medicine, efforts are needed to identify and tailor screening recommendations among elevated-risk patients. Individuals younger than 50years are an important target population, as they comprise 15% of colorectal (CRC) cases and often present with more advanced disease than their 50+ counterparts. In this large study, 2470 patients ages 25-49 used a tablet-based program that assessed risks, matched risks with screening guidelines, and generated tailored printed guideline-concordant recommendations for patients and their providers...
June 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625418/undermining-government-tax-policies-common-legal-strategies-employed-by-the-tobacco-industry-in-response-to-tobacco-tax-increases
#15
H Ross, J Tesche, N Vellios
Effective tobacco tax increases reduce tobacco consumption, threatening the profitability of the tobacco industry. In response, the tobacco industry employs strategies to negate or minimize the full effects of tobacco tax increases. By interacting with various government agencies and non-governmental organizations we identified seven such strategies: stockpiling, changing product attributes or production processes, lowering prices, over-shifting prices, under-shifting prices, timing of price increases, and engaging in price discrimination and/or offering promotions...
June 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595878/a-northern-european-perspective-on-creating-more-activity-friendly-cities
#16
Jasper Schipperijn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603006/health-considerations-in-regulating-marijuana-in-vermont
#17
Harry Chen, John S Searles
This article delineates the current efforts of the Vermont Department of Health (VDH) to address the potential health impact of legalization and regulation of recreational marijuana for use by adults at least 21years of age. To this end, VDH and key stakeholders developed and published a Health Impact Assessment with specific recommendations should legislation that legalized and regulated marijuana be passed into law. Although the legalization legislation failed in 2016 and was vetoed by the Governor in 2017, it is unclear what will happen in the future...
June 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603005/neighbourhood-socioeconomic-inequality-and-gender-differences-in-body-mass-index-the-role-of-unhealthy-behaviours
#18
Xiaoqi Feng, Andrew Wilson
Reported differences in the severity of the social gradient in body mass index (BMI) by gender may be attributable to differences in behaviour. Self-reported height, weight, socioeconomic and behavioural data were obtained for a sample of 10,281 Australians aged ≥15years in 2009. Multilevel regressions were fitted with BMI as the outcome variable. Two-way interactions between gender and neighbourhood disadvantage were fitted, adjusted for confounders. Models were then adjusted for four behavioural factors ("chips, snacks and confectionary", "smoking, little fruit or veg", "time poor and less physically active" and "alcohol consumption")...
June 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601624/age-at-menarche-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-using-mendelian-randomization-in-the-guangzhou-biobank-cohort-study
#19
Shiu Lun Au Yeung, Chaoqiang Jiang, Kar Keung Cheng, Lin Xu, Weisen Zhang, Tai Hing Lam, Gabriel Matthew Leung, C Mary Schooling
Observational studies show earlier age at menarche associated with higher risk of cardiovascular disease although these studies could be confounded by childhood obesity or childhood socioeconomic position. We tested the hypothesis that earlier age at menarche is associated with poorer cardiovascular risk factors using a Mendelian randomization design. We conducted a Mendelian randomization study in a large Southern Chinese cohort, the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study (n=12,279), to clarify the causal role of menarche in cardiovascular disease risk factors including blood pressure, lipids, fasting glucose, adiposity and type 2 diabetes...
June 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601621/a-systematic-review-of-peer-supported-interventions-for-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention
#20
REVIEW
Rajeev Ramchand, Sangeeta C Ahluwalia, Lea Xenakis, Eric Apaydin, Laura Raaen, Geoffrey Grimm
Prior research has examined peer programs with respect to specific peer roles (e.g.; peer support) or specific health/wellness domains (e.g.; exercise/diet), or have aggregated effects across roles and domains. We sought to conduct a systematic review that categorizes and assesses the effects of peer interventions to promote health and wellness by peer role, intervention type, and outcomes. We use evidence mapping to visually catalog and synthesize the existing research. We searched PubMed and WorldCat databases (2005 to 2015) and New York Academy of Medicine Grey Literature Report (1999 to 2016) for English-language randomized control trials...
June 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
journal
journal
22787
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"