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Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088538/perceived-parental-alcohol-problems-and-drinking-patterns-in-youth-a-cross-sectional-study-of-69-030-secondary-education-students-in-denmark
#1
Veronica S C Pisinger, Charlotte A Holst, Pernille Bendtsen, Ulrik Becker, Janne S Tolstrup
The aim of the study was to examine whether young people with parental alcohol problems have different drinking patterns than those without parental alcohol problems. Further, we examined whether the association between parental alcohol problems and young people's drinking patterns differed depending on the gender of the child and the parent, and whether more severe parental alcohol problems and cohabitation with the parent with alcohol problems was associated with earlier and heavier drinking patterns. Data came from the Danish National Youth Study 2014, a web-based national survey...
January 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087468/smoking-selectivity-among-mexican-immigrants-to-the-united-states-using-binational-data-1999-2012
#2
Nancy L Fleischer, Annie Ro, Georgiana Bostean
Mexican immigrants have lower smoking rates than US-born Mexicans, which some scholars attribute to health selection-that individuals who migrate are healthier and have better health behaviors than their non-migrant counterparts. Few studies have examined smoking selectivity using binational data and none have assessed whether selectivity remains constant over time. This study combined binational data from the US and Mexico to examine: 1) the extent to which recent Mexican immigrants (<10years) in the US are selected with regard to cigarette smoking compared to non-migrants in Mexico, and 2) whether smoking selectivity varied between 2000 and 2012-a period of declining tobacco use in Mexico and the US...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087467/positive-childhood-experiences-and-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-midlife-associations-and-mediators
#3
Natalie Slopen, Ying Chen, Jennifer L Guida, Michelle A Albert, David R Williams
In 2010, the American Heart Association introduced a new conceptual framework to encourage a focus on primary prevention and provided a definition for "ideal cardiovascular health". In this study we examined the relationship between positive childhood experience and ideal cardiovascular health in mid-life, and the extent to which education, depression, and social support mediate this association. Data are from participants in the Midlife and Aging in the United States study who completed a clinic-based assessment of health (N=1255, aged 34-84years, 2004-2005)...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087466/-monkey-see-monkey-do-peers-behaviors-predict-preschoolers-physical-activity-and-dietary-intake-in-childcare-centers
#4
Stéphanie Ward, Mathieu Bélanger, Denise Donovan, Jonathan Boudreau, Hassan Vatanparast, Nazeem Muhajarine, Anne Leis, M Louise Humbert, Natalie Carrier
Preschoolers observe and imitate the behaviors of those who are similar to them. Therefore, peers may be role models for preschoolers' dietary intake and physical activity in childcare centers. This study examined whether peers' behaviors predict change in preschoolers' dietary intake and physical activity in childcare centers over 9months. A total of 238 preschoolers (3 to 5years old) from 23 childcare centers in two Canadian provinces provided data at the beginning (October 2013 and 2014) and the end (June 2014 and 2015) of a 9-month period for this longitudinal study...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087465/are-cardiovascular-disease-risk-assessment-and-management-programmes-cost-effective-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#5
REVIEW
John Tayu Lee, Kenny D Lawson, Yizhou Wan, Azeem Majeed, Stephen Morris, Michael Soljak, Christopher Millett
The World Health Organization recommends that countries implement population-wide cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment and management programmes. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review to evaluate whether this recommendation is supported by cost-effectiveness evidence. Published economic evaluations were identified via electronic medical and social science databases (including Medline, Web of Science, and the NHS Economic Evaluation Database) from inception to March 2016. Study quality was evaluated using a modified version of the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057512/definitions-measurement-and-prevalence-of-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Craig A Melville, Alyt Oppewal, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Ellen Freiberger, Myriam Guerra-Balic, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp, Ingi Einarsson, Rocio Izquierdo-Gómez, Oriol Sansano-Nadal, Pauli Rintala, Antonio Cuesta-Vargas, Maria Giné-Garriga
Supporting positive change in lifestyle behaviours is a priority in tackling the health inequalities experienced by adults with intellectual disabilities. In this systematic review, we examine the evidence on the definition, measurement and epidemiology of sedentary behaviour of adults with intellectual disabilities. A systematic literature search of PUBMED, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Google Scholar was performed to identify studies published from 1990 up to October 2015. Nineteen papers met the criteria for inclusion in the systematic review...
January 2, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057511/principles-and-strategies-for-improving-the-prevention-of-cardio-metabolic-diseases-in-indigenous-populations-an-international-delphi-study
#7
Lee Stoner, Anna G Matheson, Lane G Perry, Michelle A Williams, Alexandra McManus, Maureen Holdaway, Lyn Dimer, Jennie R Joe, Andrew Maiorana
The disparity in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, including within high-income countries, is driven by a heightened risk of cardio-metabolic diseases. The current study recruited independent panels of experts in Indigenous cardio-metabolic health from Australia, New Zealand and the United States, in order to establish local consensus opinion and initiate dialogue on appropriate prevention strategies. Therefore, a three-round Delphi process was used to consolidate and compare the opinions of 60 experts, 20 from each country...
January 2, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043829/letter-to-the-editor-reply-to-is-diabetes-preventable-in-the-general-population
#8
Cathrine J Lau, Charlotta Pisinger, Lise Lotte N Husemoen, Rikke Kart Jacobsen, Allan Linneberg, Torben Jørgensen, Charlotte Glümer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043828/household-food-insecurity-during-childhood-and-adolescent-misconduct
#9
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn
A large body of research has found that household food insecurity can interfere with the healthy development of children. The link between household food insecurity during childhood and misbehaviors during adolescence, however, is not commonly explored. The objective of the current study is to assess whether household food insecurity across childhood predicts four different forms of misconduct during early adolescence. Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K), a nationally representative sample of U...
December 30, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043827/objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-children-is-influenced-by-social-indicators-rather-than-biological-lifecourse-factors-evidence-from-a-brazilian-cohort
#10
Alan G Knuth, Inácio Crochemore M Silva, Vincent T van Hees, Kelly Cordeira, Alícia Matijasevich, Aluísio J D Barros, Iná Santos, Ulf Ekelund, Pedro Curi Hallal
The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal influences of early life social and biological indicators on objectively measured physical activity. All newborns in 2004 in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil were enrolled in a birth cohort study. At the age of 6years, a follow-up visit included objective assessment of overall physical activity (summarized in milli-g, 1mg=0.001g) by tri-axial wrist worn accelerometry. The associations between early life exposures, such as type of delivery, parity, birth weight, preterm delivery, maternal physical activity, socioeconomic position, and overall physical activity were examined...
December 30, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040519/vegetarian-diet-and-all-cause-mortality-evidence-from-a-large-population-based-australian-cohort-the-45-and-up-study
#11
Seema Mihrshahi, Ding Ding, Joanne Gale, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Emily Banks, Adrian E Bauman
The vegetarian diet is thought to have health benefits including reductions in type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. Evidence to date suggests that vegetarians tend to have lower mortality rates when compared with non-vegetarians, but most studies are not population-based and other healthy lifestyle factors may have confounded apparent protective effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between categories of vegetarian diet (including complete, semi and pesco-vegetarian) and all-cause mortality in a large population-based Australian cohort...
December 29, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040516/physical-activity-and-health-services-utilization-and-costs-among-u-s-adults
#12
Sung-Wan Kang, Xiaoling Xiang
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between physical activity and health services utilization and costs among adults aged 18 or older in the U.S. Data came from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Household component from 2007 through 2011 (n=117,361). Regular physical activity was defined as spending half an hour or more in moderate or vigorous physical activity at least three times a week. The following categories of self-reported health services utilization and costs were examined: preventive, office-based, outpatient, inpatient, emergency department, home health, and prescription medicines...
December 29, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040520/predictors-of-differences-in-health-services-utilization-for-children-in-nigerian-communities
#13
Victor T Adekanmbi, Sulaimon T Adedokun, Sian Taylor-Phillips, Olalekan A Uthman, Aileen Clarke
Health service utilization is an important component of child health promotion. Evidence shows that two-thirds of child deaths in low and middle income countries could be prevented if current interventions were adequately utilized. Aim of this study was to identify determinants of variation in health services utilization for children in communities in Nigeria. Multivariable negative binomial regression model attempting to explain observed variability in health services usage in Nigerian communities was applied to the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data...
December 28, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040518/smoking-and-sedentary-behavior-changes-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood-a-multilevel-modeling-perspective
#14
Dalnim Cho, Crystal L Park
The present research investigated a) the effects of psychological (e.g., depressive symptoms, delinquency) and neighborhood socioeconomic environmental factors (e.g., education, poverty, proportion of racial/ethnic minorities) on changes in smoking and sedentary behaviors from adolescence to emerging adulthood and b) whether there were any cross-level interactions based on socio-ecological models. A series of multilevel analyses (level-1: individual-level; level-2: neighborhood-level) were conducted with the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) wave I (1995) and wave III (2001) data among about 10,000 US adolescents...
December 28, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040517/duration-and-degree-of-weight-change-and-risk-of-incident-diabetes-japan-epidemiology-collaboration-on-occupational-health-study
#15
Huanhuan Hu, Satsue Nagahama, Akiko Nanri, Kentaro Tomita, Shamima Akter, Hiroko Okazaki, Keisuke Kuwahara, Teppei Imai, Akiko Nishihara, Ikuko Kashino, Naoko Sasaki, Takayuki Ogasawara, Masafumi Eguchi, Takeshi Kochi, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Tohru Nakagawa, Toru Honda, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Taizo Murakami, Makiko Shimizu, Akihiko Uehara, Makoto Yamamoto, Ai Hori, Chihiro Nishiura, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue, Naoki Kunugita, Seitaro Dohi
We prospectively examined diabetes risk in association with a summary measure of degree and duration of weight change. The study participants were 51,777 employees from multiple companies in Japan, who were aged 30-59years, free of diabetes at baseline, and followed up for 7years (2008-2015). Exposure was cumulative body mass index (BMI)-years, which was defined as the area of BMI units above or below baseline BMI during follow-up, and was treated as a time-dependent variable in the Cox proportional hazards regression models...
December 28, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039070/psychosocial-environment-in-childhood-and-body-mass-index-growth-over-32years
#16
Marko Elovainio, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Christian Hakulinen, Terho Lehtimäki, Eero Jokinen, Tapani Rönnemaa, Vera Mikkilä, Päivi Tossavainen, Antti Jula, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma Viikari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Olli Raitakari, Markus Juonala
The psychosocial environment and especially various psychosocial risks in childhood have been shown to predict later negative health behavior and health problems. In this study, we examined whether various psychosocial factor domains in childhood and adolescence: socioeconomic status, the emotional family environment (parental nurturance, life-satisfaction), parental lifestyle, life-events, the child's self-regulatory behavior and the child's social adaptation were associated with body mass index (BMI) trajectories individually by domain and as a cumulative score across domains...
December 28, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039068/preserving-older-adults-routine-outdoor-activities-in-contrasting-neighborhood-environments-through-a-physical-activity-intervention
#17
Abby C King, Deborah Salvo, Jorge A Banda, David K Ahn, James E Chapman, Thomas M Gill, Roger A Fielding, Jamehl Demons, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Andrea Rosso, Marco Pahor, Lawrence D Frank
: While neighborhood design can potentially influence routine outdoor physical activities (PA), little is known concerning its effects on such activities among older adults attempting to increase their PA levels. We evaluated the effects of living in neighborhoods differing in compactness on changes in routine outdoor activities (e.g., walking, gardening, yard work) among older adults at increased mobility disability risk participating in the LIFE-Pilot PA trial (2003-07; ages 70-89years; from Dallas, TX, San Francisco Bay area, Pittsburgh, PA, and Winston-Salem, NC)...
December 28, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039069/equity-in-active-living-for-people-with-disabilities-less-talk-and-more-action
#18
James H Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034733/u-s-adults-addiction-and-harm-beliefs-about-nicotine-and-low-nicotine-cigarettes
#19
Erin Keely O'Brien, Anh B Nguyen, Alexander Persoskie, Allison C Hoffman
This research described U.S. adults' beliefs about nicotine and low nicotine cigarettes (LNCs) using the nationally-representative Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS-FDA 2015; N=3738). About three quarters of people either were unsure of the relationship between nicotine and cancer or incorrectly believed that nicotine causes cancer. People who were non-White, less educated, age 65+, and never established smokers were most likely to be unaware that nicotine is not a cause of cancer. More than a quarter of people held the potentially inaccurate beliefs that LNCs would be less harmful and addictive than typical cigarettes...
December 27, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034732/changes-on-the-horizon-for-cervical-cancer-screening
#20
Sandra D Isidean, Gayle A Shinder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: Preventive Medicine
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