journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preventive Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339115/toddler-drinks-formulas-and-milks-labeling-practices-and-policy-implications
#1
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Maria J Romo Palafox, Jennifer L Harris
Toddler drinks are a growing category of drinks marketed for young children 9-36 months old. Medical experts do not recommend them, and public health experts raise concerns about misleading labeling practices. In the U.S., the toddler drink category includes two types of products: transition formulas, marketed for infants and toddlers 9-24 months; and toddler milks, for children 12-36 months old. The objective of this study was to evaluate toddler drink labeling practices in light of U.S. food labeling policy and international labeling recommendations...
January 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339114/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-among-indigenous-populations-in-north-america-and-circumpolar-inuit-populations
#2
REVIEW
Lila M A Hedayat, Claire C Murchison, Heather J A Foulds
Indigenous populations experience health disparities including increased obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease rates. Cardiorespiratory fitness is beneficial for maintaining positive health outcomes. The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate cardiorespiratory fitness among Indigenous populations including comparisons across genders, Indigenous identities, age groups, decades, socio-demographic variables and in comparison to non-Indigenous groups. Included articles reported various cardiorespiratory fitness measures using maximal treadmill or cycle ergometer tests, 20 m shuttle run, 1 mile run/walk test and 6 min walk test...
January 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337069/a-survey-instrument-for-measuring-vaccine-acceptance
#3
Dilshani Sarathchandra, Mark C Navin, Mark A Largent, Aaron M McCright
Accurately measuring vaccine acceptance is important, especially under current conditions in which misinformation may increase public anxiety about vaccines and politicize vaccine policies. We integrated substantive knowledge, conceptualization and measurement expertise, and survey design principles to develop an instrument for measuring vaccine acceptance across the general public. Given this broad goal, we expect our novel instrument will complement, rather than replace, existing instruments designed specifically to measure parents' vaccine hesitancy...
January 11, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337068/the-impact-of-compression-force-and-pressure-at-prevalent-screening-on-subsequent-re-attendance-in-a-national-screening-program
#4
Nataliia Moshina, Sofie Sebuødegård, Åsne S Holen, Gunvor G Waade, Kaitlyn Tsuruda, Solveig Hofvind
Adherence to screening may indirectly help assess whether a prior screening examination deters women from returning for a subsequent examination. We investigated whether compression force and pressure in mammography were associated with re-attendance among prevalently screened women in the organized breast cancer screening program in BLINDED. Data on compression force (kg) and pressure (kPa) from women's first screening examination in the program (prevalent screening) and subsequent re-attendance were available for 31,225 women aged 50-68, screened during 2007-2013...
January 11, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330033/service-quality-and-parents-willingness-to-get-adolescents-hpv-vaccine-from-pharmacists
#5
Parth D Shah, William A Calo, Macary W Marciniak, Carol E Golin, Betsy L Sleath, Noel T Brewer
We sought to examine whether pharmacy service quality was associated with parents' willingness to have immunizing pharmacists administer human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to their adolescent children. Participants were a national sample of 1504 US parents of adolescents ages 11 to 17 who completed an online survey in 2014. Analyses used structural equation modeling. Parents rated service quality and feelings of satisfaction with their pharmacies as moderate to high. Many (44%) were willing to get HPV vaccine from immunizing pharmacists for their adolescent children...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330032/a-free-sugars-daily-value-dv-identifies-more-less-healthy-prepackaged-foods-and-beverages-than-a-total-sugars-dv
#6
Jodi T Bernstein, Marie-Ève Labonté, Beatriz Franco-Arellano, Alyssa Schermel, Mary R L'Abbé
Regulatory changes in Canada will require food labels to have a benchmark [% Daily Value, %DV] for total sugars, based on 100 g/day, while US labels will require a %DV for added sugars, based on 50 g/day. The objective of this study was to compare two labelling policies, a total sugars DV (100 g/day) and a free sugars DV (50 g/day) on food labels. This cross-sectional analysis of the Food Label Information Program database focussed on top sources of total sugars intake in Canada (n = 6924 foods)...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330031/mental-health-disorders-mediate-association-of-sexual-minority-identity-with-cardiovascular-disease
#7
Lezhou Wu, Randy L Sell, Alexis M Roth, Seth L Welles
BACKGROUND: Little is known about cardiovascular health disparities for lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) persons and whether these disparities are mediated by mental health disorders due to sexual minority stress. We hypothesize LGB identity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and that major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) may mediate this association. METHODS: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions is a longitudinal, nationally-representative study of non-institutionalized U...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330030/health-impact-assessment-of-cycling-network-expansions-in-european-cities
#8
Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Maëlle Salmon, David Martinez, Albert Ambros, Christian Brand, Audrey de Nazelle, Evi Dons, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Regine Gerike, Thomas Götschi, Francesco Iacorossi, Luc Int Panis, Sonja Kahlmeier, Elisabeth Raser, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
We conducted a health impact assessment (HIA) of cycling network expansions in seven European cities. We modeled the association between cycling network length and cycling mode share and estimated health impacts of the expansion of cycling networks. First, we performed a non-linear least square regression to assess the relationship between cycling network length and cycling mode share for 167 European cities. Second, we conducted a quantitative HIA for the seven cities of different scenarios (S) assessing how an expansion of the cycling network [i...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330029/association-of-100-fruit-juice-consumption-and-3-year-weight-change-among-postmenopausal-women-in-the-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#9
Brandon J Auerbach, Alyson J Littman, James Krieger, Bessie A Young, Joseph Larson, Lesley Tinker, Marian L Neuhouser
The association between drinking 100% fruit juice and long-term weight gain is controversial and has been investigated in few studies. We examined whether 100% fruit juice consumption was associated with weight change in a large prospective cohort of postmenopausal women. We analyzed data from 49,106 postmenopausal women in the United States enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998. Food frequency questionnaires at baseline and year 3 assessed food and beverage intake. Body weight was measured at in-person clinic visits...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330028/perceptions-of-the-relative-harmfulness-of-marijuana-and-alcohol-among-adults-in-oregon
#10
Jane A Allen, Matthew C Farrelly, Jennifer C Duke, Kian Kamyab, James M Nonnemaker, Sarah Wylie, Lauren Dutra, Camille Gourdet
This study documents perceptions of the relative harmfulness of marijuana and alcohol to a person's health among adults in Oregon just before the first legal sales of marijuana for recreational use. We surveyed 1941 adults in Oregon in September 2015. Respondents were recruited using an address-based sampling (ABS) frame (n = 1314) and social media advertising (n = 627). Respondents completed paper surveys (ABS-mail, n = 388) or online surveys (ABS-online, n = 926; social media, n = 627)...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305869/physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-during-childcare-outdoor-play-sessions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Stephanie Truelove, Brianne A Bruijns, Leigh M Vanderloo, Kathleen T O'Brien, Andrew M Johnson, Patricia Tucker
Outdoor playtime has been highly correlated with moderate-to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), while also being associated with decreased sedentary time. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to examine the physical activity levels and sedentary time of young children (2-5years) during outdoor play periods at centre-based childcare. Eight online databases were searched for peer-reviewed, English-language, original research. Two reviewers independently extracted data (study design, participants, method of measurement, and physical activity and/or sedentary time of participants)...
January 3, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291423/effectiveness-of-mother-and-daughter-interventions-targeting-physical-activity-fitness-nutrition-and-adiposity-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Alyce T Barnes, Myles D Young, Elaine M Murtagh, Clare E Collins, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Philip J Morgan
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity and poor dietary habits in women pose a clear public health burden. Mothers are generally the main female role model for daughters, therefore, targeting intergenerational females simultaneously may be a novel approach. However, the effectiveness of this approach to improve physical activity, fitness, nutrition and adiposity has not been systematically examined. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of physical activity, fitness and nutrition interventions targeting mothers and their daughters...
December 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291422/the-effect-of-multifactorial-lifestyle-interventions-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-trials-conducted-in-the-general-population-and-high-risk-groups
#13
REVIEW
L G Sisti, M Dajko, P Campanella, E Shkurti, W Ricciardi, C de Waure
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of premature mortality and disability accounting for one third of all deaths worldwide with considerable impacts on economics and on the quality of life. The evidence suggests that a multifactorial lifestyle intervention might have a role in the CVDs risk reduction, especially in the risk populations, nonetheless the effects on modifiable CVDs risk factors have not been completely explored. Our work aimed at evaluating the impact of multifactorial lifestyle interventions on cardiovascular risk modification, both in the general and risk population...
December 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289643/effectiveness-of-ehealth-interventions-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Saskia Muellmann, Sarah Forberger, Tobias Möllers, Eileen Bröring, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
Regular physical activity (PA) is central to healthy ageing. However, only a minority of older adults currently meet the WHO-recommended PA levels. The aim of this systematic review is to compare the effectiveness of eHealth interventions promoting PA in older adults aged 55years and above with either no intervention or a non-eHealth intervention (review registration: PROSPERO CRD42015023875). Eight electronic databases were searched to identify experimental and quasi-experimental studies examining the effectiveness of eHealth interventions for PA promotion in adults aged 55years and above...
December 28, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289642/disparities-in-cigarette-tax-exposure-by-race-ethnicity-poverty-and-sexual-orientation-2006-2014-usa
#15
Shelley D Golden, Amanda Y Kong, Joseph G L Lee, Kurt M Ribisl
Cigarette excise taxes are an effective tobacco control strategy but they vary geographically due to differences in state and local taxation. There are also pronounced sociodemographic differences in community composition, suggesting that different population groups might face vastly different cigarette excise tax rates. In this study, we examine how cigarette excise tax rates differ for population groups defined by race, ethnicity, poverty status, and sexual orientation, and how these differences have evolved over time...
December 28, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289641/medication-coverage-for-lawmakers-may-worsen-access-for-everyone-else
#16
Michael Sergio Taglione, Andrew Boozary, Nav Persaud
Despite numerous recommendations for universal public coverage of prescription drugs in Canada based on evidence that millions of Canadians cannot afford medications, no province or territory has adopted first dollar coverage for all residents. However, one group unaffected by the lack of public coverage are lawmakers. Lawmakers receive excellent drug coverage plans for themselves and their immediate families. Evidence suggests that lawmakers' decisions are influenced by their personal circumstances; in this case, they are insulated from the effects of poor access to medications by their drug coverage plans...
December 28, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289640/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-influence-of-neighborhood-environment-on-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-variation-by-age-gender-and-environment-characteristics
#17
Yong Yang, Yu Jiang, Yanqing Xu, Fawaz Mzayek, Marian Levy
To examine the influence of neighborhood environment on childhood overweight and obesity in Shelby County Schools, Tennessee, and whether and to what extent that influence varies by age, gender, and the specific environment characteristics. 41,283 students were surveyed covering both individual-level covariates and several objective measures of neighborhood environment. Multilevel logistic regressions were used to examine the influence of neighborhood-level variables on overweight+obesity and obesity with adjustment of individual-level covariates...
December 28, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288783/primary-care-providers-physical-activity-counseling-and-referral-practices-and-barriers-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#18
John D Omura, Moriah P Bellissimo, Kathleen B Watson, Fleetwood Loustalot, Janet E Fulton, Susan A Carlson
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends offering or referring adults who are overweight or obese and have additional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for CVD prevention. This study determined the proportion of primary care providers (PCPs) who discussed physical activity with most of their at-risk patients and referred them to intensive behavioral counseling, and reported barriers to counseling...
December 27, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288782/adherence-patterns-to-extended-cervical-screening-intervals-in-women-undergoing-human-papillomavirus-hpv-and-cytology-cotesting
#19
Katharine A Rendle, Mark Schiffman, Li C Cheung, Walter K Kinney, Barbara Fetterman, Nancy E Poitras, Thomas Lorey, Philip E Castle
Although guidelines have recommended extended interval cervical screening using concurrent human papillomavirus (HPV) and cytology ("cotesting") for over a decade, little is known about its adoption into routine care. Using longitudinal medical record data (2003-2015) from Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC), which adopted triennial cotesting in 2003, we examined adherence to extended interval screening. We analyzed predictors of screening intervals among 491,588 women undergoing routine screening, categorizing interval length into early (<2...
December 27, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288781/healthcare-costs-attributable-to-secondhand-smoke-exposure-at-home-for-u-s-adults
#20
Tingting Yao, Hai-Yen Sung, Yingning Wang, James Lightwood, Wendy Max
OBJECTIVE: To estimate healthcare costs attributable to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure at home among nonsmoking adults (18+) in the U.S. METHODS: We analyzed data on nonsmoking adults (N=67,735) from the 2000, 2005, and 2010 (the latest available data on SHS exposure at home) U.S. National Health Interview Surveys. This study was conducted from 2015 to 2017. We examined hospital nights, home care visits, doctor visits, and emergency room (ER) visits. For each, we analyzed the association of SHS exposure at home with healthcare utilization with a Zero-Inflated Poisson regression model controlling for socio-demographic and other risk characteristics...
December 27, 2017: Preventive Medicine
journal
journal
22787
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"