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Ane Urtiaga, Alvaro Soriano, Jordi Carrillo-Abad
The concerns about the undesired impacts on human health and the environment of long chain perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs) have driven industrial initiatives to replace PFASs by shorter chain fluorinated homologues. 6:2 fluorotelomer sulfonic acid (6:2 FTSA) is applied as alternative to PFOS in metal plating and fluoropolymer manufacture. This study reports the electrochemical treatment of aqueous 6:2 FTSA solutions on microcrystalline BDD anodes. Bench scale batch experiments were performed, focused on assessing the effect of the electrolyte and the applied current density (5-600 A m-2 ) on the removal of 6:2 FTSA, the reduction of total organic carbon (TOC) and the fluoride release...
March 7, 2018: Chemosphere
Hong-Wei Wang, Jing Liu, Jing Zhao, Lin Lin, Wen-Peng Zhao, Pan-Pan Tan, Wei-Shun Tian, Bian-Hua Zhou
Our previous study indicated that excessive fluoride (F) induces ATP5J and ATP5H proactive expression by interfering cardiomyocyte mitochondrial dysfunction in mice. This study aimed to investigate underlying mechanisms of F¯ induced damage to cardiomyocytes. A total of 100 mg/L F¯ was added to distilled water to treat Kunming mice for 70 days. Pathological and morphological changes in myocardial tissues were observed under transmission electron microscope and light microscope. Content of ATP and ATP enzyme distributed in cardiomyocytes were determined by fluorescence and ATP enzyme staining...
March 7, 2018: Chemosphere
Chao Li, Shanshan Zheng, Jingwen Chen, Hong-Bin Xie, Ya-Nan Zhang, Yuanhui Zhao, Zheng Du
Understanding the atmospheric fate of organophosphorus plasticizers is important for their environmental risk assessment. However, limited information is available at present. In this study, density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to investigate the transformation mechanism and kinetics of tri-p-cresyl phosphate (TpCP) initiated by OH. Results show that the initial reactions are dominated by H-abstraction and OH addition to form TpCP-radical, TpCP-OH adducts and aryl phosphodiester. The H-abstraction pathways are more favorable than the OH addition pathways...
March 7, 2018: Chemosphere
T Vandermarken, K Croes, K Van Langenhove, I Boonen, P Servais, T Garcia-Armisen, N Brion, M S Denison, L Goeyens, M Elskens
The Zenne River, crossing the Brussels region (Belgium) is an extremely urbanized river impacted by both domestic and industrial effluents. The objective of this study was to monitor the occurrence and activity of Endocrine Active Substances (EAS) in river water and sediments in the framework of the Environmental Quality Standards Directive (2008/105/EC and 2013/39/EU). Activities were determined using Estrogen and Dioxin Responsive Elements (ERE and DRE) Chemical Activated Luciferase Gene Expression (CALUX) bioassays...
March 7, 2018: Chemosphere
Antonio Tursi, Amerigo Beneduci, Francesco Chidichimo, Nicoletta De Vietro, Giuseppe Chidichimo
Remediation of water bodies from petroleum hydrocarbons is of the utmost importance due to health risks related to the high toxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of the hydrocarbons components that may enter into the food chain. Though several methods were proposed to face up this challenge, they are generally not easily feasible at a contaminated site and quite costly. Here we propose a green, cost-effective technology based on hydrophobized Spanish Broom (SB) cellulose fiber. The natural cellulose fiber was extracted by alkaline digestion of the raw vegetable...
March 7, 2018: Chemosphere
Qiying Zhou, Xia Jiang, Yinghui Guo, Guochen Zhang, Wenju Jiang
Mesoporous carbon is considered as the most effective adsorbent for dyes with large molecule diameter. In this study, an ultra-high surface area mesoporous carbon was derived using a kind of new template precursors (manganese salts), i.e. manganese carbonate (MC), manganese oxalate (MO) and manganese acetate (MA). The XRD results demonstrated that after the pyrolysis of the mixture of manganese salts and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) over 500 °C, MnO was only the Mn species on carbon and the particle sizes of the generated MnO were in the range of 1...
March 7, 2018: Chemosphere
Zhuang Guo, Hongbin Cao, Yuxian Wang, Yongbing Xie, Jiadong Xiao, Jin Yang, Yi Zhang
Three kinds of graphitic carbon nitride materials (bulk, porous and nanosheet g-C3 N4 ) were composited with a multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) by a hydrothermal method, and the obtained b-C3 N4 /CNT, p-C3 N4 /CNT and n-C3 N4 /CNT materials were used in the electrodes for electro-peroxone process. It was found that the n-C3 N4 /CNT composite exhibited the highest efficiency in oxalate degradation, though it performed the worst in the oxygen-reduction reaction for H2 O2 production. The n-C3 N4 /CNT composite exhibited higher activity than CNT and other composites in catalytic ozonation experiments, due to the higher pyrrolic-N content modified on the CNT surface and higher surface area...
March 7, 2018: Chemosphere
Jia Wen, Ying Fang, Guangming Zeng
The efficient removal of heavy metals (HMs) from the environment has become an important issue from both biological and environmental perspectives. Recently, porous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), combining central metals and organic ligands, have been proposed as promising materials in the capture of various toxic substances, including HMs, due to their unique characteristics. Here we review recent progress in the field of water remediation from the perspective of primary HMs (including divalent metals and variable-valent metals) in water pollution and the corresponding MOFs (including virgin and modified MOFs, magnetic MOFs composites and so on) that can remove these metals from water...
March 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Qingfei Zeng, Erik Jeppesen, Xiaohong Gu, Zhigang Mao, Huihui Chen
The spatial-temporal distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), their source, and potential health risks were determined in overlying water and surface sediments from Chinese Lake Guchenghu, adjacent commercial mitten crab ponds and the connected Wushen Canal to assess the contamination profile of the area. The total PAHs concentrations in sediment and water were 86.7-1790 ng g-1 dry weight (dw) and 184-365 ng L-1 in summer and 184-3140 ng g-1 dw and 410-1160 ng L-1 in winter. Two- and 3-ring PAHs were the predominant compounds in water, while PAHs with 4-6 rings dominated in the sediment at both upstream and downstream sites...
March 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Yilong Hua, Wei Wang, Xiaoyue Huang, Tianhang Gu, Dexin Ding, Lan Ling, Wei-Xian Zhang
Bicarbonate, ubiquitous in natural and waste waters is an important factor regulating the rate and efficiency of pollutant separation and transformation. For example, it can form complexes with U(VI) in the aqueous phase and at the solid-water interface. In this work, we investigated the effect of bicarbonate on the aging of nanoscale zero-valent (nZVI) in the context of U(VI) reduction and removal from wastewater. For fresh nZVI, over 99% aqueous uranium was separated in less than 10 min, of which 83% was reduced from U(VI) to U(IV)...
March 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Rodrigo Cupertino Bernardes, Wagner Faria Barbosa, Gustavo Ferreira Martins, Maria Augusta Pereira Lima
Large-scale pesticide application poses a major threat to bee biodiversity by causing a decline in bee populations that, in turn, compromises ecosystem maintenance and agricultural productivity. Biopesticides are considered an alternative to synthetic pesticides with a focus on reducing potential detrimental effects to beneficial organisms such as bees. The production of healthy queen stingless bees is essential for the survival and reproduction of hives, although it remains unknown whether biopesticides influence stingless bee reproduction...
March 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Nongnuch Wiangkham, Benjaphorn Prapagdee
This work mainly aims to explore the potential of synergistic use of cadmium-resistant bacteria and Napier grass to promote cadmium phytoremediation and the possibility of using the harvested Napier grass for biomass fuel. A pot experiment was carried out by transplanting Napier grass with and without bacterial inoculation in cadmium contaminated soil for 6 months. The results found that Micrococcus sp. significantly promoted the shoot biomass of Napier grass but not the root biomass. Micrococcus sp. and Arthrobacter sp...
March 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Thai Ha Tran, Jérôme Labanowski, Hervé Gallard
The manganese oxide birnessite adsorbed and catalyzed the transformation of the anthelminthic drug niclosamide (NIS) into 2-chloro-4-nitroaniline (CNA) and 5-chlorosalicylic acid (CSA) at acidic pH. The adsorption of NIS was fitted using a linear isotherm for all conditions and reaction times. Linear adsorption constant Kd was 103 000 L kg-1 at pH 5.0. The rate of transformation was first order with respect to both MnO2 and NIS. At pH 5.0, the second order rate constant was 3.3 (±0.3) × 10-1  M-1  s-1 ...
March 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Xuehui Xie, Na Liu, Jing Ping, Qingyun Zhang, Xiulin Zheng, Jianshe Liu
In present study, a hydrolysis acidification (HA) reactor was used for simulated dyeing wastewater treatment. Co-substrates included starch, glucose, sucrose, yeast extract (YE) and peptone were fed sequentially into the HA reactor to enhance the HA process effects. The performance of the HA reactor and the microbial community structure in HA process were investigated under different co-substrates conditions. Results showed that different co-substrates had different influences on the performance of HA reactor...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Vineet Singh, Bhawna Pandey, Surindra Suthar
The increasing availability of antibiotics in wastewater has created a serious threat to non-target organisms in the environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential toxicity of amoxicillin on duckweed Spirodela polyrhiza during a short-term exposure (7 d). The duckweed was exposed to a range of environmentally relevant (0.0001-0.01 mg L-1 ) and high (0.1 and 1 mg L-1 ) concentrations of amoxicillin. Subsequently, biomarkers of toxicity such as growth, pigments (Chl a, Chl b and carotenoids), antioxidative enzyme activity (catalase, CAT; superoxide dismutase, SOD; and ascorbate peroxidases, APX), and biochemical content (protein, lipid and starch) were analysed in their fronds...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Jake A Godfrey, Ann L Rypstra
For animals that live in association with humans, a key ecological question is how anthropogenic factors influence their life history. While major negative effects are obvious, subtle non-lethal responses to anthropogenic stimuli may provide insight into the features that lead to the success of species that thrive in habitats heavily impacted by humans. Here we explored the influence of the herbicide atrazine on various life history traits of a wolf spider that thrives in agroecosystems where it is commonly applied...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Olga Francisco, Ifeoluwa Idowu, Kelsey L Friesen, Matthew McDougall, Sara Seoin Choi, Patrique Bolluch, Oluwadamilola Daramola, Wesley Johnson, Vince Palace, Jörg Stetefeld, Gregg T Tomy
The efficacy of a lightly cross-linked polymeric bead to absorb polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from the surface of fresh- and salt-water in a simulated oil-spill scenario was assessed in this study. A layer of PAHs at the water surface was created by first preparing the PAHs in hexane and then carefully spiking this mixture onto the surface of water. Beads were then applied to the surface of the organic phase and the amount of hydrocarbons absorbed by the beads was examined at prescribed time intervals and at different temperatures...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Giacomo Russo, Antonella Capuozzo, Francesco Barbato, Carlo Irace, Rita Santamaria, Lucia Grumetto
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical used in numerous industrial applications. Due to its well ascertained toxicity as endocrine disruptor, industries have started to replace it with other bisphenols whose alleged greater safety is scarcely supported by literature studies. In this study, the toxicity of seven BPA analogues was evaluated using both in silico and in vitro techniques, as compared to BPA toxicity. Furthermore, their affinity indexes for phospholipids (i.e. phospholipophilicity) were determined by immobilized artificial membrane liquid chromatography (IAM-LC) and possible relationships with in vitro toxic activity were also investigated...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Maria Isidoria Silva Gonzaga, Cheryl Mackowiak, André Quintão de Almeida, Alberto Wisniewski, Danyelle Figueiredo de Souza, Idamar da Silva Lima, Amanda Nascimento de Jesus
Copper contamination and toxicity in soils is a worldwide problem, especially in areas where copper-based fungicides are applied. Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) plants are used in phytoremediation and are also edible crops commonly cultivated in organic agricultural areas. Application of biochar to Cu contaminated soils may reduce Cu availability and uptake, thereby allowing for greater Indian mustard production. A (3 × 2) + 1) experiment in a randomized complete block design was used to evaluate the effect of three different biochars (coconut shell, orange bagasse and sewage sludge) and two application rates (30 and 60 t ha-1 ) on Cu uptake by Indian mustard during three successive growth cycles and Cu immobilization in soil, under greenhouse conditions...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Berit Glomstad, Florian Zindler, Bjørn M Jenssen, Andy M Booth
The dispersion behavior of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is influenced by both their physicochemical properties and by the aqueous media properties (e.g. ionic strength, presence of divalent cations and natural organic matter) in which they are dispersed. In the current study, the dispersibility and dispersion stability of four multi-walled CNTs (MWCNT) and a single walled CNT (SWCNT) with different physicochemical properties were investigated in three freshwater growth media (with and without natural organic matter; NOM) used in algae and daphnia ecotoxicity studies...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
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