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Ecology of Food and Nutrition

Andreas Håkansson
Unhealthy food in advertising has been suggested as a mediator for the increase in diet-related illness. This study quantitatively investigates changes in food advertising between 1995 and 2014 in terms of food categories promoted, macronutrient content, and percentage of foods classified as heathy or unhealthy from a sample of 7,199 ads from three Swedish food magazines. With the exception of increased alcoholic beverage and decreased carbohydrate-rich-food promotion, no monotonic trends of increasingly unhealthy food advertisement are found...
November 23, 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Barugahara Evyline Isingoma, Mbugua Samuel, Karuri Edward, Gakenia Wamuyu Maina
The objective of this study was to analyze the nutritional and morbidity patterns of children aged 7-24 months in relationship to household socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Structured questionnaires and repeated 24-hour recalls were used to collect data. Maternal education and age influenced timing of complementary foods, dietary diversity score, meal frequency, and diarrhea incidences (p < .05). This resulted in 53%, 59%, 48%, 43%, and 22% of the study children having inadequate intake of energy, protein, vitamin A, iron, and zinc, respectively...
November 14, 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Mabaile Pauline Koma, Sogolo Lucky Lebelo
The study investigated the prevalence of hypertension and identified risk factors in the Bapedi women of Sekhukhune area. Fifty (50) women diagnosed with hypertension and receiving treatment from local clinics were recruited. Questionnaires and focus group discussions were used. Most participants were at the average age of 50.50 ± 7.93 years and weight of 81.17 ± 9.96 kg. Blood pressure measurements recorded were systolic blood pressure (SBP) 163 ± 22.41 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 91 ± 5...
November 14, 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Mhinjine Kim, Nadine Budd, Benjamin Batorsky, Carleigh Krubiner, Swathi Manchikanti, Greer Waldrop, Angela Trude, Joel Gittelsohn
Receptivity to strategies to improve the food environment by increasing access to healthier foods in small food stores is underexplored. We conducted 20 in-depth interviews with small storeowners of different ethnic backgrounds as part of a small-store intervention trial. Store owners perceived barriers and facilitators to purchase, stock, and promote healthy foods. Barriers mentioned included customer preferences for higher fat and sweeter taste and for lower prices; lower wholesaler availability of healthy food; and customers' lack of interest in health...
November 14, 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Avijit Debnath, Nairita Bhattacharjee
Child malnutrition is considered to be the key risk factor for illness during adolescence and is responsible for about one-third of child deaths globally. Historically tribal communities have lagged behind the general population in terms of most socioeconomic aspects, and one such aspect is the nutritional status of children. The present study analyzes regional variations in child malnutrition and its association with women's empowerment in the tribal communities of India. The investigation is based on secondary data compiled from India's third National Family Health Survey (NFHS)...
November 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Nevin Şanlier, Duygu Türközü, Onur Toka
The relationship between body image, depression, food addiction and body mass index (BMI) and differences in these variables due to gender and field of education have not been studied extensively. This study was conducted on a total of 793 university students (20.19 ± 1.90 years). The Beck Depression Inventory, Yale Food Addiction, and Body Image Scale were used. It was determined that body image scores of females and individuals enrolled in health sciences programs were lower compared to those of males and those enrolled in the social sciences...
November 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Soudabeh Hamedi Shahraki, Farshad Amirkhizi, Behzad Amirkhizi, Sousan Hamedi
This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine household food security status and sociodemographic factors influencing it and to examine whether food insecurity of household is a risk factor for underweight, stunting, and thinness in primary school children of Sistan and Baluchestan Province in southeastern Iran. A sample of 610 students aged 7-11 years was selected by a multistage cluster random sampling method during December 2013-May 2014. Using U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Security questionnaire, 42...
September 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Ahmed A Abdurahman, Khadijeh Mirzaei, Ahmed Reza Dorosty, A Rahimiforoushani, Haji Kedir
The aim of this study was to examine the association between household food insecurity and nutritional status among children aged 24-59 months in Haromaya District. Children (N = 453) aged 24-59 months were recruited in a community-based cross-sectional survey with a representative sample of households selected by a multistage sampling procedure in Haromaya District. Household Food Insecurity Access Scale and anthropometry were administered. Multinomial logistic regression models were applied to select variables that are candidate for multivariable model...
September 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Priya Sharma, M Usha Rani
The purpose of the study was to determine the changes in knowledge of information technology (IT) professionals after receiving a nutrition education intervention for a month. The sample comprised of 40 IT professionals (29 males and 11 females). The sample was drawn from four IT companies of Hyderabad city using random sampling techniques. The data on the general information of the subjects was collected. The data regarding the commonly accessed sources of nutrition and health information by the subjects was also obtained from the study...
September 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Mary Ng'endo, Shonil Bhagwat, Gudrun B Keding
This study explored the associations between dietary patterns and farm diversity as well as socioeconomic variables during two seasons in rural Western Kenya. As a mean of two surveys, the average dietary diversity scores (DDS) of households and women were low, implying low household economic access to food and low women's dietary quality. The Food Consumption Score (FCS) showed that acceptable levels of food consumption were realized over seven consecutive days in the 2014 survey by the majority of households (83%) and women (90%)...
September 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
D Rodrigues, M Muc, P R M Rodrigues, A Mota Pinto, C Padez
Adherence to a healthier diet is declining, with children consuming more saturated fats and simple carbohydrates. Factors influencing this choice were studied using a cross-sectional study with children (6 to 8 years old) living in Coimbra. Socioeconomic and behavioral factors were obtained from the parents. Dietary patterns of 1,063 children were identified: Mediterranean (MedDiet), saturated fats (SFatDiet), and base of Portuguese diet (BPDiet). Their relationship with socioeconomic and behavioral determinants was analyzed...
September 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Sunil K Khanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Hayrettin Mutlu, Vedat Bilgiç, Sebahattin Erten, Şükrü Aras, Muhittin Tayfur
This study aimed to delineate the relationship between childhood traumas and adulthood obesity. A total of 314 individuals (157 obese and 157 nonobese) were recruited in the study. After obtaining anthropometric and sociodemographic variables, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) was administered to the participants. Overall scores of CTQ were determined to be 42.6 ± 10.5 (higher trauma) in obese group and 37.2 ± 6.6 (lower trauma) in nonobese group (P < 0.001). Frequency rates of childhood traumatic experience were found to be 68...
July 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Amanda Maxfield, Shailaja Patil, Solveig A Cunningham
This study provides a foundation for understanding how globalization and changing food environments are linked to cultural models of food prestige in adolescents. We used methods from cognitive anthropology, including free lists, pile sorts, and consensus modeling, to explore the meanings that Indian adolescents attribute to foods. Adolescents (n = 29) were asked to free list foods eaten outside and inside the home. Different adolescents (n = 65) were asked to pile sort and rank 30 foods identified during the free lists according to which foods are the most prestigious, traditional, routine, and advertised on television...
July 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Livia Penna Firme Rodrigues, Raissa Costa Carvalho, Agatha Maciel, Polyanna Nunes Otanasio, Maria Elisa de Paula Eduardo Garavello, Gabriela Bielefeld Nardoto
Aiming to investigate the effect of diet and food consumption with regard to health, environment, and economy in light of nutrition ecology, we studied the dimensions of nutrition and food security in urban and rural settings in the region of Chapada dos Veadeiros, Central Brazil. We tracked diet and food consumption through carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios in fingernails of these inhabitants together with food intake data as a proxy for their diet patterns. We estimated household food insecurity by using the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale...
July 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Khor Geok Lin, Sarina Sariman, Chin Yit Siew, Barakatun Nisak Mohd Yusof, Chan Yoke Mun, Huang Soo Lee, Maznorila Mohamad
Although diets with high energy density are associated with increased risk of overweight and obesity, it is not known whether such diets are associated with undernutrition. This study assessed the relationship between dietary energy density (ED) and nutritional status of 745 urban 1- to 10-year-old children. Dietary intakes were obtained using food recall and record for two days. Dietary energy density was based on food and caloric beverages. Higher dietary ED was associated with lower intakes of carbohydrate, sugar, vitamins C and D, and calcium but higher fat, fiber, iron, and folate intakes...
July 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Demmelash Mulualem, Carol J Henry, Getenesh Berhanu, Susan J Whiting
Complementary foods (CFs) in Ethiopia are cereal based and adding locally grown pulses (legumes) to CF would provide needed nutrients. To assess the effects of nutrition education (NEd) using Health Belief Model (HBM) in promoting pulses for CF, a 6-month quasi-experimental study was conducted in 160 mother-child pairs. Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) questions were given to mothers at baseline, midline, and endline, along with anthropometric measurements of children. NEd involving discussions and recipe demonstrations was given twice monthly for 6 months to the intervention group (n = 80) while control mothers received usual education...
May 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Humberto Parada, Guadalupe X Ayala, Lucy A Horton, Leticia Ibarra, Elva M Arredondo
This study examined father and child sociodemographic characteristics in relation to fathers' feeding-related parenting strategies and whether their parenting strategies were associated with children's reported fruit and vegetable (FV), weekly fast-food, and daily sugar-sweetened beverage intake among 81 Latino father-child pairs. Father's employment status, acculturation, number of children in the home, and child's age and weight status were associated with the use of different parenting strategies. More control was associated with less FV intake, but more reinforcement was associated with more FV intake by children...
May 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Elisa L Pehlke, Paola Letona, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, Joel Gittelsohn
Developing countries have undergone transitions driven by globalization and development, accelerating increases in prevalence of overweight and obesity among children. Schools have been identified as effective settings for interventions that target children's dietary behaviors. In Guatemala, public schools commonly have food kiosks (Casetas) that sell products to children. From July through October 2013, observations during recess, in-depth interviews with school principals (n = 4) and caseta vendors (n = 4), and focus groups with children (n = 48) were conducted...
May 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
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