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Ecology of Food and Nutrition

Hope C Craig, R Jeyanthi, Gretel Pelto, Andrew C Willford, Rebecca J Stoltzfus
This article explores maternal dietary beliefs and practices gathered through interviews with mothers of infants and young children in Adivasi communities in the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve, India. Guided by focused ethnographic study methods, interviews were conducted with 33 key informants. We used a cultural-ecological framework to analyze and interpret the texts that were elicited from women about dietary beliefs and eating patterns during pregnancy and lactation. We identify differences between what women were advised to eat, felt they should eat, and reported consuming...
March 6, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Alexandra Ross, Nandita Krishnan, Cara Ruggiero, Deanna Kerrigan, Joel Gittelsohn
We sought to understand Baltimore corner store owners' awareness of and readiness for the then-approved Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program depth of stock requirements and assess potential barriers and solutions. In-depth interviews and stocking observations were conducted in 17 corner stores in low-income food deserts of Baltimore City. Corner store owners conveyed little to no awareness of the pending depth of stock changes. Only two stores were currently ready for the requirements. Low customer demand, high amounts of potential spoilage, and unfair pricing at the wholesaler were identified by store owners as barriers to stocking required foods...
December 28, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Nevin Sanlier, Merve Pehlivan, Güleren Sabuncular, Sevinç Bakan, Yeşim Isguzar
The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between nutritional status, healthy lifestyle behaviors and social appearance anxiety of individuals aged 20-65 (n = 500). A significant, positive relationship was seen between body mass index and nutrition, and negative relationship between body mass index and spiritual development, interpersonal relations, stress management. There was a negative relationship between the ORTO-15 score and health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual development, interpersonal relationships, stress management...
December 27, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Lemia H Shaban, Joan A Vaccaro, Shiryn D Sukhram, Fatma G Huffman
The objective of the study was to evaluate 169 Kuwaiti mother-daughter dyads and their associations with health behaviors for eating healthy, engaging in physical activity, daughters perceived body weight, time spent with computer/video, and time viewing television. Female students aged 10-14 years were selected from private and public schools in the State of Kuwait. Results demonstrated that daughters exhibited similar behaviors to their mothers in their perceived eating behavior, physical activity, computer/video game use, and TV screen time...
December 26, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Sikhulumile Sinyolo, Maxwell Mudhara
This paper investigates the impact of entrepreneurial competencies on food security among rural farming households in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (SA). A total of 513 rural households were randomly selected, and the descriptive results indicated that 51% of these households were food insecure, and they were somewhat negative about their entrepreneurial competencies. The estimated results indicated that entrepreneurship had a positive impact on food security. The study findings suggest that stimulating entrepreneurship through developing entrepreneurial competencies among the farming households is important for improved food security among rural households in SA...
December 22, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Sunil K Khanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Allison L Hopkins, Michelle Yeoman, Cheryl Ritenbaugh
Birth outcomes tend to be better among Hispanics than among other ethnic groups, even when matched for poverty and education, and foreign-born Latinas compared to their US-born counterparts. These patterns suggest that sociocultural factors exhibited by recent immigrants have the potential to protect birth outcomes against the instability of minority and low socioeconomic status. To discover potential sociocultural factors, a pilot qualitative study was carried out in Tucson, Arizona, with 18 Hispanic mothers...
March 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Sunil K Khanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Mariana T Garcia, Priscila M Sato, Angela C B Trude, Thomas Eckmann, Elizabeth T Anderson Steeves, Kristen M Hurley, Cláudia M Bógus, Joel Gittelsohn
This study aimed to assess the factors associated with home meal preparation (HMP) and fast-food sources use (FFS) frequencies of low-income African-American adults and their healthy food beliefs and attitudes, food-related psychosocial factors, food acquisition patterns, food sources use, and BMI. We used cross-sectional data from 295 adults living in Baltimore, USA. HMP was inversely associated with FFS, which had lower odds of HMP ≥1 time/day and higher BMI scores. HMP was positively associated with positive beliefs and self-efficacy toward healthy foods, getting food from healthier food sources, and lower FFS...
January 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood, Janice L Thompson
This study examines nutrient intake and factors influencing eating behaviors in a sample of 76 migrant older women (≥ 60 years) living in the UK. Nutrient intake was assessed using a 24-hr recall enhanced by an in-depth probing dietary interview. Median energy intake was significantly lower than the UK RNIs (5,125.4 v. 7,301.1 kJ/d, p < .001). Main nutrients of concern were retinol, vitamin D, magnesium, potassium, copper, selenium, and monounsaturated fatty acids. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a subsample (n = 46) and analyzed using thematic analysis...
January 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Kerrie Honrath, Meredith G Wagner, Yeong Rhee
Fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake is inadequate and obesity is more prevalent among adults of lower socioeconomic status (SES) in the United States. The effect of nutrition education and F/V supplementation on F/V intake and anthropometrics of overweight or obese adults of varying SES was determined. F/V intake was not different between the nutrition education and F/V supplementation groups. Individuals with a graduate degree had significant improvements in fruit intake. Few of the improvements in anthropometrics seen were significant...
January 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Meryem Elif Öztürk, Nurcan Yabancı Ayhan
Recent studies have shown that poor sleep quality is significantly associated with obesity. The aim of this study is to examine the association of sleep quality with obesity and specific anthropometric measurements. A total of 105 women aged 20-55 years with no chronic diseases participated in this study. They filled out the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), their anthropometric measurements were taken, and their dietary data were collected with a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). There was no significant relationship between sleep quality and BMI, waist circumference, triceps skinfold thicknesses, body fat ratio (%), and body fat mass (p > ...
January 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Mitravinda Satyabodh Savanur, Anagha Sathye, Anil Udawant, Shobha Anand Udipi, Padmini Ghugre, Jere Haas, Erick Boy, Archana Bhatnagar
We examined the influence of nutritional status, body fat, and anemia on the physical fitness (PFI) of tribal adolescents. Weight, height, skinfold thickness, PFI, and hemoglobin levels of 147 adolescents (11 to 16 years) were measured. The experience of cycling was recorded. Overall, 31.3% were mildly, 12.9% were moderately, and 10.9% were severely thin. The majority (81.6%) were nonanemic. All had "poor" PFI scores. Hemoglobin levels were significantly associated with PFI scores in boys and girls. Experience of cycling also predicted PFI in girls...
November 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Nevin Sanlier, Furkan Baser, Hande Mortas, Semra Navruz Varli, M Sedanur Macit, Tugba Tatar
The aim of the study was to examine the relationships among food addiction, eating attitudes, emotional appetite, and self-esteem of young adults aged 18-30 years by using a structural model. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,058 volunteers (male = 307, female = 751). The hypothesis that self-esteem of young adults influences their eating attitudes was supported in the study (β = -0.081, p < .05). Another hypothesis was also supported, so self-esteem had a positive effect on food addiction (β = 0...
November 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Kennedy O Pambo, Julius J Okello, Robert M Mbeche, John N Kinyuru
This study used a field experiment and means-end chain analysis to examine the effects of positive and perceived negative nutrition information on the households' motivations to consume insect-based foods. It used a random sample of households drawn from rural communities in Kenya. The study found that provision of nutrition information on benefits of edible insects and perceived negative aspects of insect-based foods influences participants' perceptions of insect-based foods and hence acceptance. We also found that tasting real products influenced the nature of mental constructs...
October 26, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Melvin H Cown, Barbara Mullen Grossman, Silvia Q Giraudo
This study was performed to assess the effect of a nutrition education intervention on the nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of Hispanic children, ages 6-10 years, in a local after-school program. The intervention included seven weekly lessons that lasted an average of 30 minutes each. Pre- and post-tests were used to evaluate the program. There was a statistically significant difference, p < .04, observed for the intervention group (n = 7) between the pre- and posttest scores for knowledge...
October 12, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Lawrence P Greksa, A B M Rafiqul Islam, Rie Okamoto, Kinuko Omori
The negative impact of poverty on the biological well-being of children is well established. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the stress of full-time street life on the dietary patterns and dietary adequacy of street children living in Dhaka, Bangladesh. This was accomplished by comparing the nutritional patterns of full-time street children with those of other poor children in Dhaka who also spend their days on the streets but who return to their families at night. There were few differences between groups, possibly due to street children being a select group...
October 12, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
H M Ashraf Ali, Helen Vallianatos
Despite advances in food production and distribution technologies, global food insecurity continues throughout parts of South Asia. Using ethnographic data collected from the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) in Bangladesh, this article reports on gendered and ethnocultural variations in experiences of food insecurity. Three key findings are that (1) regardless of ethnicity, the majority of the households in this study suffered moderate food insecurity; (2) food insecurity was higher among female-headed households; and (3) women's means of coping strategies varied depending on household structure and ethnic identity...
October 12, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Vanessa Hlekani Mbhatsani, Xikombiso G Mbhenyane, Solomon Ngoako Mabapa
A quasi-experimental one group pretest/posttest design study was undertaken in two primary schools from two rural villages of Vhembe District in Limpopo Province, South Africa. About 172 children aged 9-14 years in Grades 5 and 6 were recruited for the study. All children in the grades were invited to participate pending written consent from parents and verbal assent from children. Due to school migration and absenteeism, only 154 children were available for posttest evaluation. However, nutrition education was administered to all 172 children...
September 22, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
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