journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ecology of Food and Nutrition

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166418/dietary-intake-and-associated-body-weight-in-canadian-undergraduate-students-enrolled-in-nutrition-education
#1
Levi C Frehlich, Lindsay K Eller, Jill A Parnell, Tak S Fung, Raylene A Reimer
The primary purpose of this study was to describe dietary intakes among Canadian undergraduate students enrolled in an Introductory Nutrition course. A secondary objective was to determine food group servings associated with meeting more Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) of select nutrients and with a lower body mass index (BMI). Participants (n = 124, 20.7±3.2yrs) provided output from a 3-day dietary record and completed a physical activity/demographics questionnaire. Linear regression showed that the dietary intake associated with meeting the most DRIs included vegetables, fruits, protein foods, and dairy (p = 0...
February 6, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139137/factors-influencing-nutritional-adequacy-among-rural-households-in-nigeria-how-does-dietary-diversity-stand-among-influencers
#2
D Akerele, R A Sanusi, O A Fadare, O F Ashaolu
This study examined the influence of food consumption diversity on adequate intakes of food calories, proteins and micronutrients among households in rural Nigeria within the framework of panel data econometrics using a nationally representative data. We found that substantial proportion of households suffered deficiency of calories, proteins and certain micronutrients; with higher percentage of sufferer households occurring in the post-planting season. The different measures of dietary diversity (constructed and used for analysis) consistently indicate significant and positive influence of dietary diversity on the likelihood of adequate consumption of food nutrients...
January 31, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121160/psychosocial-correlates-of-dietary-supplement-use-results-from-the-national-survey-of-midlife-development-in-the-united-states
#3
Bryan E Denham
Drawing on data gathered in the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States, this study examined internal and external locus of control, self-esteem, neuroticism, perceived health status, uniqueness, and somatic amplification as correlates of dietary supplement use. With sex, race, and age measures also included in the study, bivariate analyses showed greater supplement use among women and older respondents as well as those scoring higher on internal locus of control, self-esteem, perceived health status, and somatic amplification...
January 25, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112971/the-relationship-of-knowledge-and-breastfeeding-practice-to-maternal-bmi
#4
Aliye Ozenoglu, Pinar Sokulmez Kaya, Canan Asal Ulus, Kamil Alakus
This study aimed to investigate the effect of breastfeeding on maternal BMI and evaluate mothers' knowledge of infant feeding in Samsun, Turkey. A total of 289 mothers who had children ranging from 0 to 2 years of age and applied to the Family Health Centers were included in the study. The mothers filled out a questionnaire covering sociodemographic characteristics and knowledge on infant feeding. The data was evaluated using the SPSS with the descriptive statistics, the Student t-test, the chi-square test, and multiple linear regression analyses...
January 23, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103081/characterization-of-the-school-neighborhood-food-environment-in-three-mexican-cities
#5
Erica G Soltero, Luis Ortiz Hernández, Edtna Jauregui, Lucie Lévesque, Juan Lopez Y Taylor, Simón Barquera, Rebecca E Lee
Food resources in school neighborhoods can negatively influence diet; however, this environment is understudied. This study characterized the school neighborhood food environment in Guadalajara (n=11), Puerto Vallarta (n=7), and Mexico City (n=14). Convenience stores, table-service restaurants, and taco stands were highly available in all three cities. Grocery stores were highly available in Mexico City school neighborhoods, yet less frequently observed in Guadalajara and Puerto Vallarta. Socioeconomic differences in food cart and grocery store availability were observed in Guadalajara and Puerto Vallarta...
January 19, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059558/-we-like-fried-things-negotiating-health-and-taste-among-hispanic-caribbean-communities-in-new-york-city
#6
Melissa Fuster
The study was conducted to understand fried-food (FF) consumption among Hispanic Caribbean (HC) communities in New York City. Data were collected through qualitative interviews with 23 adults self-identified as Cuban, Dominican, or Puerto Rican. Most informants considered FFs an important part of their traditional diet. Potential explanations included taste, cost, convenience, and the emotive values attached to FF. FF consumption was contextualized in local foodscapes. Results include strategies to diminish FF consumption and differences across HC groups and migratory generations...
January 6, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976918/unraveling-the-sikasso-paradox-agricultural-change-and-malnutrition-in-sikasso-mali
#7
Matthew William Cooper, Colin Thor West
When cash cropping leads to agricultural and livelihood changes in the Global South, concern about food security is common among policy makers. This is indeed the case in the Sikasso region of Mali, where many have suggested that the ubiquitous cash crop cotton is a cause of the unexpectedly high rates of malnutrition in the region. Using household and forest surveys, we found little evidence that cotton cultivation is associated with malnutrition or decreased food security at a household level, but we did find evidence of a coassociation between cotton cultivation, loss of natural capital, and malnutrition at the village level...
December 15, 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976916/dietary-diversity-and-vegetable-and-fruit-consumption-of-households-in-a-resource-poor-peri-urban-south-africa-community-differ-by-food-security-status
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mieke Faber, Friede A M Wenhold, Sunette M Laurie
Sociodemographic, living standard measure, consumption of vegetables and fruit, and dietary diversity in relation to household food security were assessed. Using a hunger score, households were categorized as food secure (n = 125) or food insecure (n = 273). Food secure respondents had a higher mean dietary diversity score (3.98; 95%CI [3.79, 4.18] versus 3.65; 95% [CI 3.53, 3.77]), were more likely to eat vitamin A-rich foods (OR 1.15; 95% CI [1.05, 1.26]), a more varied diet (DDS ≥ 4, OR 1.90; 95% CI [1...
January 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976912/how-picky-eating-becomes-an-illness-marketing-nutrient-enriched-formula-milk-in-a-chinese-society
#9
Veronica Sau-Wa Mak
The essential adaptive food selection behavior of young children has become increasingly medicalized as a kind of disease-the "picky-eating" syndrome in Hong Kong. The researcher used the multiple case studies approach with data collected from in-depth interviews and advertisements to examine the process of the medicalization of picky-eating disorder, which demonstrates how an essential adaptive human behavior can be redefined by the market and medical system as a deviant, abnormal behavior that needs to be eliminated and how the resulting health risks can be resolved by modern medicine produced by this pharmaceutical nexus...
January 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880047/are-food-advertisements-promoting-more-unhealthy-foods-and-beverages-over-time-evidence-from-three-swedish-food-magazines-1995-2014
#10
Andreas Håkansson
Unhealthy food in advertising has been suggested as a mediator for the increase in diet-related illness. This study quantitatively investigates changes in food advertising between 1995 and 2014 in terms of food categories promoted, macronutrient content, and percentage of foods classified as heathy or unhealthy from a sample of 7,199 ads from three Swedish food magazines. With the exception of increased alcoholic beverage and decreased carbohydrate-rich-food promotion, no monotonic trends of increasingly unhealthy food advertisement are found...
January 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841686/socioeconomic-and-demographic-factors-influencing-feeding-practices-morbidity-status-and-dietary-intakes-of-children-aged-7-24-months-in-rural-uganda
#11
Barugahara Evyline Isingoma, Mbugua Samuel, Karuri Edward, Gakenia Wamuyu Maina
The objective of this study was to analyze the nutritional and morbidity patterns of children aged 7-24 months in relationship to household socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Structured questionnaires and repeated 24-hour recalls were used to collect data. Maternal education and age influenced timing of complementary foods, dietary diversity score, meal frequency, and diarrhea incidences (p < .05). This resulted in 53%, 59%, 48%, 43%, and 22% of the study children having inadequate intake of energy, protein, vitamin A, iron, and zinc, respectively...
January 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841668/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-associated-risk-factors-among-rural-bapedi-women-in-sekhukhune-area-limpopo-province-south-africa
#12
Mabaile Pauline Koma, Sogolo Lucky Lebelo
The study investigated the prevalence of hypertension and identified risk factors in the Bapedi women of Sekhukhune area. Fifty (50) women diagnosed with hypertension and receiving treatment from local clinics were recruited. Questionnaires and focus group discussions were used. Most participants were at the average age of 50.50 ± 7.93 years and weight of 81.17 ± 9.96 kg. Blood pressure measurements recorded were systolic blood pressure (SBP) 163 ± 22.41 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 91 ± 5...
January 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841664/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-stocking-healthy-food-options-viewpoints-of-baltimore-city-small-storeowners
#13
Mhinjine Kim, Nadine Budd, Benjamin Batorsky, Carleigh Krubiner, Swathi Manchikanti, Greer Waldrop, Angela Trude, Joel Gittelsohn
Receptivity to strategies to improve the food environment by increasing access to healthier foods in small food stores is underexplored. We conducted 20 in-depth interviews with small storeowners of different ethnic backgrounds as part of a small-store intervention trial. Store owners perceived barriers and facilitators to purchase, stock, and promote healthy foods. Barriers mentioned included customer preferences for higher fat and sweeter taste and for lower prices; lower wholesaler availability of healthy food; and customers' lack of interest in health...
January 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617829/understanding-malnutrition-of-tribal-children-in-india-the-role-of-women-s-empowerment
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Avijit Debnath, Nairita Bhattacharjee
Child malnutrition is considered to be the key risk factor for illness during adolescence and is responsible for about one-third of child deaths globally. Historically tribal communities have lagged behind the general population in terms of most socioeconomic aspects, and one such aspect is the nutritional status of children. The present study analyzes regional variations in child malnutrition and its association with women's empowerment in the tribal communities of India. The investigation is based on secondary data compiled from India's third National Family Health Survey (NFHS)...
November 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548850/body-image-food-addiction-depression-and-body-mass-index-in-university-students
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nevin Şanlier, Duygu Türközü, Onur Toka
The relationship between body image, depression, food addiction and body mass index (BMI) and differences in these variables due to gender and field of education have not been studied extensively. This study was conducted on a total of 793 university students (20.19 ± 1.90 years). The Beck Depression Inventory, Yale Food Addiction, and Body Image Scale were used. It was determined that body image scores of females and individuals enrolled in health sciences programs were lower compared to those of males and those enrolled in the social sciences...
November 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494152/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-nutritional-status-among-iranian-children
#16
Soudabeh Hamedi Shahraki, Farshad Amirkhizi, Behzad Amirkhizi, Sousan Hamedi
This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine household food security status and sociodemographic factors influencing it and to examine whether food insecurity of household is a risk factor for underweight, stunting, and thinness in primary school children of Sistan and Baluchestan Province in southeastern Iran. A sample of 610 students aged 7-11 years was selected by a multistage cluster random sampling method during December 2013-May 2014. Using U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Security questionnaire, 42...
September 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467901/household-food-insecurity-may-predict-underweightand-wasting-among-children-aged-24-59-months
#17
Ahmed A Abdurahman, Khadijeh Mirzaei, Ahmed Reza Dorosty, A Rahimiforoushani, Haji Kedir
The aim of this study was to examine the association between household food insecurity and nutritional status among children aged 24-59 months in Haromaya District. Children (N = 453) aged 24-59 months were recruited in a community-based cross-sectional survey with a representative sample of households selected by a multistage sampling procedure in Haromaya District. Household Food Insecurity Access Scale and anthropometry were administered. Multinomial logistic regression models were applied to select variables that are candidate for multivariable model...
September 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454492/effect-of-digital-nutrition-education-intervention-on-the-nutritional-knowledge-levels-of-information-technology-professionals
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Priya Sharma, M Usha Rani
The purpose of the study was to determine the changes in knowledge of information technology (IT) professionals after receiving a nutrition education intervention for a month. The sample comprised of 40 IT professionals (29 males and 11 females). The sample was drawn from four IT companies of Hyderabad city using random sampling techniques. The data on the general information of the subjects was collected. The data regarding the commonly accessed sources of nutrition and health information by the subjects was also obtained from the study...
September 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398836/influence-of-seasonal-on-farm-diversity-on-dietary-diversity-a-case-study-of-smallholder-farming-households-in-western-kenya
#19
Mary Ng'endo, Shonil Bhagwat, Gudrun B Keding
This study explored the associations between dietary patterns and farm diversity as well as socioeconomic variables during two seasons in rural Western Kenya. As a mean of two surveys, the average dietary diversity scores (DDS) of households and women were low, implying low household economic access to food and low women's dietary quality. The Food Consumption Score (FCS) showed that acceptable levels of food consumption were realized over seven consecutive days in the 2014 survey by the majority of households (83%) and women (90%)...
September 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398743/dietary-patterns-and-their-socioeconomic-and-behavioral-determinants-in-6-to-8-year-old-portuguese-children
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
D Rodrigues, M Muc, P R M Rodrigues, A Mota Pinto, C Padez
Adherence to a healthier diet is declining, with children consuming more saturated fats and simple carbohydrates. Factors influencing this choice were studied using a cross-sectional study with children (6 to 8 years old) living in Coimbra. Socioeconomic and behavioral factors were obtained from the parents. Dietary patterns of 1,063 children were identified: Mediterranean (MedDiet), saturated fats (SFatDiet), and base of Portuguese diet (BPDiet). Their relationship with socioeconomic and behavioral determinants was analyzed...
September 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
journal
journal
22732
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"