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Veterinary Pathology

José A Ramos-Vara, Margaret A Miller, Dee M Dusold
CD31 immunoreactivity has been reported in human nonendothelial tumors of both epithelial and mesenchymal origin. This study examined CD31 immunoreactivity of 347 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded normal, nonneoplastic, and neoplastic canine tissues. CD31 expression was considered positive if at least 10% of the cell population had membranous reactivity. Labeling with the CD31 antibody (clone JC/70A) was observed in 16 samples of normal organs (liver, kidney, lymph node), 6 of 6 specimens of hepatic nodular hyperplasia, 3 of 3 hepatic regenerative nodules, 1 of 4 anal sac carcinomas, 6 of 6 hemangiosarcomas, 18 of 20 hepatocellular carcinomas, 1 of 6 mammary carcinomas, 3 of 5 plasmacytomas, 18 of 53 renal cell carcinomas, and 1 of 5 cutaneous histiocytomas...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Byung-Joon Seung, Ha-Young Lim, Jong-Il Shin, Hyun-Woo Kim, Seung-Hee Cho, Soo-Hyeon Kim, Jung-Hyang Sur
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are an important component of leukocyte infiltration in tumors. TAMs can be classified into M1 and M2 phenotypes. In the present study, the expression of CD204, an M2-polarized macrophage receptor, was investigated by immunohistochemistry in the area surrounding TAMs in 101 cases of canine mammary gland tumor (CMT). We examined the relationship between M2-polarized TAMs and malignancy, histological subtype, histological grade, molecular subtype, hormone receptor (HR) status, and clinical obesity indices...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Nathan Hoggard, John S Munday, Jennifer Luff
Findings from polymerase chain reaction-based methods have suggested a role of Felis catus papillomavirus 2 (FcaPV-2) in the development of feline cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, because polymerase chain reaction cannot localize deoxyribonucleic acid or ribonucleic acid within the lesion, it is difficult to differentiate a coincidental FcaPV-2 infection and a causative association. Given that a key event in the pathogenesis of human papillomavirus-induced cancer is the expression of viral E6 and E7 oncogenes, localization of FcaPV-2 E6 and E7 transcription within neoplastic cells in feline SCCs would support a causative role for this papillomavirus...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Erica L Noland, Matti Kiupel
The majority of primary intestinal lymphomas in dogs are T-cell lymphomas, with enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL) large cell type (type 1) being the most common. While most T-cell lymphomas express the T-cell marker CD3, there is increasing evidence that some human and canine T-cell lymphomas coexpress the B-cell marker CD20. We describe 3 cases of CD3+, CD20+, Pax5- EATL type 1 in dogs. All 3 cases had clonal rearrangement of T-cell receptor gamma. Initial clinical signs included weight loss, inappetence, diarrhea, and/or vomiting...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Nicole Jungwirth, Johannes Junginger, Christoph Andrijczuk, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Peter Wohlsein
Plexiform vasculopathy refers to an endothelial proliferative disorder affecting cervical or inguinal lymph nodes of cats. The cause of this disorder and the origin of the proliferating endothelial cells are still unknown. In 4 cats with a history of a slowly growing, well-demarcated, nonpainful mass adjacent to the thyroid gland, an enlarged dark brown to red lymph node was removed. Histologically, the lymph nodes showed severe loss of lymphoid tissue with accumulations of erythrocytes. In addition, networks of capillary structures with well-differentiated endothelial cells on a collagen-rich stroma were observed, consistent with benign plexiform vasculopathy...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Rodrigo S Horta, Gleidice E Lavalle, Lidianne N Monteiro, Mayara C C Souza, Geovanni D Cassali, Roberto B Araújo
Mast cell tumor (MCT) is a frequent cutaneous neoplasm in dogs that is heterogeneous in clinical presentation and biological behavior, with a variable potential for recurrence and metastasis. Accurate prediction of clinical outcomes has been challenging. The study objective was to develop a system for classification of canine MCT according to the mortality risk based on individual assessment of clinical, histologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features. The study included 149 dogs with a histologic diagnosis of cutaneous or subcutaneous MCT...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Nicole Borel, Adam Polkinghorne, Andreas Pospischil
Chlamydiae have a worldwide distribution causing a wide range of diseases in human hosts, livestock, and companion animals as well as in wildlife and exotic species. Moreover, they can persist in their hosts as asymptomatic infections for extended periods of time. The introduction of molecular techniques has revolutionized the Chlamydia field by expanding the host range of known chlamydial species but also by discovering new species and even new families of bacteria in the broader order Chlamydiales. The wide range of hosts, diseases, and tissues affected by chlamydiae complicate the diagnosis such that standard diagnostic approaches for these bacteria are rare...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Chad S Clancy, Khrista A Jensen, Arnaud J Van Wettere
A 3.5-year-old, neutered male pit bull dog was euthanized following an approximately 1-year history of intractable diarrhea and weight loss of undetermined cause. At necropsy, the dog was emaciated. The ratio of total intestinal length (duodenum to rectum) to crown-to-rump length was 2.5, in contrast to an average of 5.3 (range, 3.7-6.1) in 10 control dogs examined at necropsy. There was diffuse dilation of the intestinal lumen, consistent with congenital intestinal hypoplasia resulting in short-bowel syndrome...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Wilhelmina Bergmann, Niklas Bergknut, Stefanie Veraa, Andrea Gröne, Hans Vernooij, Inge D Wijnberg, Willem Back, Guy C M Grinwis
Equine intervertebral disc degeneration is thought to be rare and of limited clinical relevance, although research is lacking. To objectively assess pathological changes of the equine intervertebral disc and their clinical relevance, description of the normal morphology and a practical, biologically credible grading scheme are needed. The objectives of this study are to describe the gross and histological appearance of the equine intervertebral discs and to propose a grading scheme for macroscopic degeneration...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
I Matsumoto, K Uchida, K Nakashima, S Hiyoshi, J K Chambers, H Tsujimoto, H Nakayama
Molecular clonality analysis of T-cell receptor (TCR) genes for diagnosing T-cell lymphoma is widely used in veterinary medicine. However, differentiating chronic enteritis (CE) from intestinal lymphoma is challenging because of the incompatibility between histopathologic and clonality analysis results. On the basis of findings that canine intestinal T-cell lymphoma and celiac disease share some common features, we conducted serologic examinations in combination with histopathologic and T-cell receptor clonality analyses in 48 dogs diagnosed with either CE or intestinal lymphoma...
January 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Mitchell V Palmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Rose E Raskin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Claudenir R Ferrari, Jim Cooley, Nisma Mujahid, Lais R Costa, Robert W Wills, Melanie E Johnson, Cyprianna E Swiderski
Severe equine asthma, formerly recurrent airway obstruction (RAO), is the horse counterpart of human asthma, affecting horses maintained indoors in continental climates. Equine pasture asthma, formerly summer pasture RAO, is clinically similar but affects grazing horses during hot, humid conditions in the southeastern United States and United Kingdom. To advance translational relevance of equine pasture asthma to human asthma, histologic features of airway remodeling in human asthma were scored in lung lobes from 15 pasture asthma-affected and 9 control horses of mixed breeds...
January 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Lauri Diehl, David K Meyerholz, Michael J Day, Verena K Affolter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Natalia Ziółkowska, Katarzyna Paździor-Czapula, Bogdan Lewczuk, Elżbieta Mikulska-Skupień, Barbara Przybylska-Gornowicz, Kamila Kwiecińska, Hubert Ziółkowski
Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a serious, widely distributed systemic disease caused by feline coronavirus (FCoV), in which ocular disease is common. However, questions remain about the patterns of ocular inflammation and the distribution of viral antigen in the eyes of cats with FIP. This study characterized the ocular lesions of FIP including the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein and proliferating cell nuclear antigen by Müller cells in the retina in cases of FIP and to what extent macrophages are involved in ocular inflammation in FIP...
November 2017: Veterinary Pathology
Emily P Mitchell, Molly E Church, Sarah M Nemser, Betsy Jean Yakes, Eric R Evans, Renate Reimschuessel, Karin Lemberger, Peter N Thompson, Karen A Terio
To investigate cases of acute oxalate nephrosis without evidence of ethylene glycol exposure, archived data and tissues from cheetahs ( Acinonyx jubatus) from North America ( n = 297), southern Africa ( n = 257), and France ( n = 40) were evaluated. Renal and gastrointestinal tract lesions were characterized in a subset of animals with ( n = 100) and without ( n = 165) oxalate crystals at death. Crystals were confirmed as calcium oxalate by Raman spectroscopy in 45 of 47 cheetahs tested. Crystals were present in cheetahs from 3...
November 2017: Veterinary Pathology
Tove Hansen, Lucas A Smolders, Marianna A Tryfonidou, Björn P Meij, Johannes C M Vernooij, Niklas Bergknut, Guy C M Grinwis
Since the seminal work by Hans-Jörgen Hansen in 1952, it has been assumed that intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration in chondrodystrophic (CD) dogs involves chondroid metaplasia of the nucleus pulposus, whereas in nonchondrodystrophic (NCD) dogs, fibrous metaplasia occurs. However, more recent studies suggest that IVD degeneration in NCD and CD dogs is more similar than originally thought. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the histopathology of IVD degeneration in CD and NCD dogs. IVDs with various grades of degeneration (Thompson grade I-III, n = 7 per grade) from both CD and NCD dogs were used (14 CD and 18 NCD dogs, 42 IVDs in total)...
November 2017: Veterinary Pathology
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