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Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405139/physical-activity-self-esteem-and-quality-of-life-among-people-with-physical-disability
#1
Chutima Jalayondeja, Wattana Jalayondeja, Jattuporn Suttiwong, Patricia E Sullivan, Deepika L H K Nilanthi
Physical activity (PA) can improve health and quality of life (QOL) of healthy people. However, the association between PA and QOL among people with physical disability (PWPD) is inconclusive. This study was conducted to determine the relationships between factors including intensity of PA, activitiy in daily living (ADL), stress, and self-esteem that influences self-reported QOL among PWPD. The relationships were further explored using the in-depth interview method to find out whether the intensity of PA, stress, and self-esteem are related to QOL perception in PWPD...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405138/tobacco-and-alcohol-use-among-chronic-disease-patients-in-cambodia-myanmar-and-vietnam
#2
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use and to determine the factors associated with tobacco and alcohol use among chronic disease patients in Cambodia, Myanmar and Vietnam. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4,803 adult chronic disease patients (mean age 49.3 years; SD=16.5) recruited systematically from health facilities. Fifteen point five percent of those studied were current smokers, 14.5% current smokeless tobacco users, 20.7% daily tobacco users (smokers or smokeless tobacco), 9...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405137/ambient-pm%C3%A2-%C3%A2-and-pm%C3%A2-%C3%A2-concentrations-at-different-high-traffic-related-street-configurations-in-bangkok-thailand
#3
Narut Sahanavin, Kraichat Tantrakarnapa, Tassanee Prueksasit
This study investigated the potential exposure levels of PM₁₀ and PM₂.₅ at two different road configuration sites in Bangkok, Thailand: covered and open roadside areas. One hundred samples were collected together with the meteorological data: temperature, relative humidity, wind speeds, and solar radiation. Spearman rank correlation was used to analyze the relationships between these factors, and PM₁₀ and PM₂.₅ levels at different roadside areas. The PM₁₀ and PM₂.₅ levels at the covered area were 1...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405136/sexual-practices-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-chiang-mai-thailand-part-of-the-antiretroviral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-trial
#4
Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Suwat Chariyalertsak, K Rivet Amico, Marisa Guptarak, Pongpun Saokhieo, Thirayut Sangangamsakun, Radchanok Songsupa, Vanessa McMahan, Robert Grant
This study aimed to gain a better understanding of the association between participation in a blinded antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) clinical trial and sexual practices among men who have sex with men and transgender women. This study utilized both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Data included reported PrEP medication adherence and sexual behavior among 114 study participants. Forty-six participants took part in qualitative data collection, 32 were interviewed and 14 participated in one of three focus group discussions...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405135/comparison-of-growth-infections-and-feeding-habits-among-formula-fed-infants-starting-complementary-feeding-at-4-to-6-months-old-with-those-starting-at-6-months-old
#5
Chanon Noppornlertwong, Ruangvith Tantibhaedhyangkul
The World Health Organization recommends starting complementary feeding among infants beginning at 6 months old, as opposed to 4 to 6 months old. We prospectively studied 21 formula-fed infants beginning complementary feeding at 4 to 6 months old and compared them with 20 formula-fed infants starting feeding at 6 months old to determine difference in growth, number of infections and feeding habits. The studied infants were each enrolled at age 4 months. The decision as to which group the infants were classified into was based on the parental decision as to when to start complementary feeding...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405134/cd4-lymphocytopenia-without-hiv-infection
#6
Naporn Khamanarong, Somchai Insiripong
The CD4 lymphocytes are an important part of the immune system. Besides HIV Infection, other conditions can cause a low CD4 count. We report the case of a 82-year-old female who presented with a markedly low CD4 count during a severe lower respiratory tract infection and respiratory failure without HIV infection. The total lymphocyte and the absolute CD4 counts are 255/mm³ and 109/mm³, respectively. Sputum and bronchial lavage fluid were both negative for acid-fast bacilli. The anti-HIV antibody test was negative...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405133/epidemiology-and-control-of-the-first-reported-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-outbreak-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bangkok-thailand
#7
Darunee Chotiprasitsakul, Pitak Santanirand, Phantanee Thitichai, Porpon Rotjanapan, Siriorn Watcharananan, Potjaman Siriarayapon, Narong Chaihongsa, Suntariya Sirichot, Maria Chitasombat, Prawat Chantharit, Kumthorn Malathum
This retrospective study described the first reported vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) outbreak from June 2013 through January 2014 at a tertiary-care hospital in Bangkok, Thailand. After the index case was detected in an 18-bed medical intermediate care unit, a number of interventions was implemented, including targeted active surveillance for VRE, strict contact precautions, enhanced standard precautions, dedicated units for VRE cases, extensive cleaning of the environment and the restricted use of antibiotics...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405132/nasopharyngeal-carriage-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-in-healthy-children-under-five-years-old-in-central-lombok-regency-indonesia
#8
Sri Rezeki Hadinegoro, Ari Prayitno, Miftahuddin Majid Khoeri, I Gusti Gede Djelantik, Nurhandini Eka Dewi, Sang Ayu Kompiang Indriyani, Zainul Muttaqin, Siti Mudaliana, Dodi Safari
Colonization with Streptococcus pneumoniae is mostly symptomless, but can progress to respiratory or even systemic disease. We investigated nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in healthy children under five years of age in Central Lombok Regency, Indonesia. This cross sectional study was carried out in 2012 among 1,200 healthy children aged 2 to 60 months. A multiplex sequential PCR was employed to determine serotype of cultured S. pneumoniae and a disk diffusion method to assess susceptibility to antimicrobial drugs...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405131/prevalence-antibiotic-and-pulsed-field-gel-electrophoresis-patterns-of-staphylococcus-aureus-small-colony-variants-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#9
Nagehan Pakasticali, Gamze Kaya, Unal Senel, Oner Kipritci, Zeynep Tamay, Nermin Guler, Hasan Nazik, Betigul Ongen
Staphylococcus aureus is the most common pathogen isolated from respiratory tract samples in cystic fibrosis (CF) cases. Rate of infection with S. aureus small-colony variants (SCVs) also is increasing in CF patients. In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence, antibiotic susceptibility and genotypic property of S. aureus SCVs in respiratory tract samples of CF patients admitted to Istanbul Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Turkey. Among 305 respiratory tract samples from 84 CF patients, normal S. aureus isolates were present in 71% of the CF patients and S...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405130/distribution-of-legionella-pneumophila-serogroups-isolated-from-water-systems-of-public-facilities-in-busan-south-korea
#10
In-Yeong Hwang, Eun-Hee Park, Yon-Koung Park, Sun-Hee Park, Gyung-Hye Sung, Hye-Young Park, Young-Choon Lee
Legionella pneumophila is the major causes of legionellosis worldwide. The distribution of L. pneumophila was investigated in water systems of public facilities in Busan, South Korea during 2007 and 2013-2014. L. pneumophila was isolated from 8.3% of 3,055 samples, of which the highest isolation rate (49%) was from ships and the lowest 4% from fountains. Serogroups of L. pneumophila isolated in 2007 were distributed among serogroups (sgs) 1-7 with the exception of sg 4, while those of isolates during 2013 and 2014 included also 11 sgs ( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 15)...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405129/diagnostic-test-of-sputum-genexpert-mtb-rif-for-smear-negative-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#11
Wipa Reechaipichitkul, Attawoot Phetsuriyawong, Prajuab Chaimanee, Pimjai Ananta
The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the Gene-Xpert MTB/RIF sputum test for diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) among patients sputum acid-fast bacillus (AFB) smear negative results in Thailand, a country with a high prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis. We studied 151 patients who presented to Srinagarind Hospital, Khon Kaen, Thailand with a 2 week or more history of fever and/or cough and an abnormal chest radiograph between 2010 and 2014; these patients had at least 2 negative sputum AFB smear results...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405128/association-of-mean-platelet-volume-and-the-monocyte-lymphocyte-ratio-with-brucella-caused-epididymo-orchitis
#12
Emsal Aydin, Mert Ali Karadag, Kursat Cecen, Gulsen Cigsar, Sergulen Aydin, Aslan Demir, Murat Bagcioglu, Umit Yener Tekdogan
We evaluated the association between the mean platelet volume (MPV) and monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR) with brucella-caused epididymo-orchitis to determine if they could be used to differentiate between brucella and non-brucella epididymo-orchitis. The charts of 88 patients with non-brucella and 14 patients with brucella epididymo-orchitis were retrospectively reviewed. Brucellosis was diagnosed by isolating Brucella spp from a blood culture or from a serum agglutination titer ≥ 1:160 along with accompanying clinical findings...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405127/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-asymptomatic-intestinal-microsporidiosis-among-aboriginal-school-children-in-pahang-malaysia
#13
Tengku Shahrul Anuar, Nur Hazirah Abu Bakar, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Norhayati Moktar, Emelia Osman
The epidemiology and environmental factors affecting transmission of human microsporidiosis are poorly understood. We conducted the present study to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with asymptomatic intestinal microsporidiosis among aboriginal school children in the Kuala Krau District, Pahang State, Malaysia. We collected stool samples from 255 school children and examined the samples using Gram-chromotrope Kinyoun stain. We also collected demographic, socioeconomic, environmental and personal hygiene information using a pre-tested questionnaire...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405126/leptospirosis-incidence-and-mortality-in-malaysia
#14
Wei Leong Tan, Shahrul Aiman Soelar, Mohd Azri Mohd Suan, Narwani Hussin, Wee Kooi Cheah, Khebir Verasahib, Pik Pin Goh
Leptospirosis is endemic in Southeast Asia, Central and South America, the Caribbean, and Oceania. Malaysia was categorized as a probable endemic country without any available data. Thus, this study was conducted to determine incidence, case fatality rate and mortality rate of leptospirosis. Leptospirosis is a notifiable disease in Malaysia since 2010 whereby probable or confirmed cases must be notified to relevant health district office. There were 3,665 and 4,457 probable and laboratory confirmed leptospirosis cases notified in 2012 and 2013, respectively...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405125/knowledge-of-medical-faculty-students-concerning-ebola-in-malatya-turkey
#15
Ali Ozer, Ayse Gokce, Duygu Celik Seyitoglu
The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of Inonu University medical faculty students regarding Ebola. This descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted between November and December, 2014 at Inonu University Medical Faculty. After the researchers performed the literature review, a questionnaire comprising 39 questions was prepared, and the students were asked to fill them out. Nine hundred and eighty-four of 1,298 students (75.8%) participated in the study. Seventy-three point seven percent knew that the Ebola virus disease had high fatality rate, 51...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405124/first-detection-of-chicken-anemia-virus-and-norovirus-genogroup-ii-in-stool-of-children-with-acute-gastroenteritis-in-taiwan
#16
Meng-Bin Tang, Hung-Ming Chang, Wen-Chih Wu, Yu-Ching Chou, Chia-Peng Yu
To date, there has been no report of co-infection of chicken anemia virus (CAV) with enteric virus in patients with acute gastroenteritis (AGE). CAV has been recently detected in various types of human samples including stool, indicating pathogenicity in gastrointestinal tract. Examination by PCR-based methods of CAV and norovivus genogroup II (NV GII) in stool of 110 children with AGE at a hospital in Taiwan revealed for the first time of co-infection in two cases. This is the first description of CAV infection in children with AGE in Taiwan...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405123/efficacy-of-thai-neem-oil-against-aedes-aegypti-l-larvae
#17
Suthep Silapanuntakul, Romnalin Keanjoom, Wongdyan Pandii, Supawadee Boonchuen, Kwanchai Sombatsiri
Trees with larvicidal activity may be found in Thailand. We conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy and length of efficacy of Thai neem (Azadirachta siamensis) oil emulsion and an alginate bead of Thai neem oil formulation against early fourth stage Aedes aegypti larvae using a dipping test. The Thai neem oil emulsion had significantly greater larvicidal activity than the alginate bead formulation at 12 to 60 hours post-exposure (p < 0.01). The Thai neem oil formulation resulted in 100% mortality among the early fourth stage Aedes aegypti larvae at 48 hours, while the alginate bead formulation resulted in 98% larval mortality at 84 hours and 100% mortality at 96 hours...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405122/prevalence-of-trematode-larvae-in-intermediate-hosts-snails-and-fish-in-ko-ae-sub-district-of-khueang-nai-ubon-ratchathani-province-thailand
#18
Jittiyawadee Sripa, Nadda Kiatsopit, Supawadee Piratae
Ko Ae Sub-district of Khueang Nai, Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand is located in an endemic area for Opisthorchis viverrini and other fish-borne zoonotic trematodes (FZT) infection. This study shows the status in Ko Ae Sub-district of FZT infection based on availability of intermediate hosts and necessary requirements for the transmission of FZT. A cross-sectional survey of intermediate hosts of FZT, including Bithynia siamensis goniomphalos and cyprinoid fish, was conducted from April 2013 to December 2014...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405121/taenia-saginata-infection-in-a-14-month-old-toddler
#19
Raweerat Sitcharungsil, Dorn Watthanakulpanich
A 14-month-old female toddler presented with a 3-day history of pass- ing gravid proglottids of Taenia saginata. Neither she nor her family members had a history of eating raw beef or other raw meat. Single doses of praziquantel and niclosamide were administered. To the best of our knowledge, this is the youngest described patient with T. saginata infection to date.
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405120/mitochondrial-gene-sequences-among-different-geographical-isolates-of-schistosoma-japonicum-in-yunnan-province-china
#20
Xue-Mei Jia, Cui-Ying Li, Mei Li, Jin Zeng, Su-Yue Zheng, Fei Li
In order to evaluate differentiate genetic differences among Schistosoma japonicum isolates from Dali Ancient City, Xizhou and Yongsheng County, Yunnan Province, China, mitochondrial col, cytb, nd1, nd6, and nd4l were PCR amplified and sequenced, revealing nucleotide difference(s) among these strains of 8, 1, 5, 4, and 0, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis showed that S. japonicum from the three different geographical locations of Yunnan Province were clustered genetically together and were more similar to S...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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