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Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642313/enhancing-remineralization-of-primary-enamel-lesions-with-fluoride-dentifrice-containing-tricalcium-phosphate
#1
Praphasri Rirattanapong, Kadkao Vongsavan, Chavengkiat Saengsirinavin, Sumana Waidee
Fluoride dentifrice is effective in preventive dental caries but may cause fluorosis, especially in young children. Reducing the concentration of fluoride from the regular concentration of 1,000 parts per million (ppm) to 500 ppm can reduce the risk for fluorosis but increases the risk of caries. Adding tricalcium phosphate (TCP) to the dentifrices may improve the efficacy of remineralization possibly allowing for a lower concentration of fluoride to reduce the risk of fluorosis. We studied this to inform future caries prevention efforts in children...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642312/effects-of-short-term-use-of-xylitol-chewing-gum-and-moltitol-oral-spray-on-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-and-oral-plaque
#2
Kemthong Mitrakul, Ratchapin Srisatjaluk, Kutkao Vongsawan, Chayanid Teerawongpairoj, Nachata Choongphong, Tathata Panich, Pravee Kaewvimonrat
The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of xylitol chewing gum and maltitol spray on the concentration of salivary mutans streptococci (MS) and on the plaque index. Eighty-one second, third and fourth year dental and dental assistant students with a salivary MS concentration > 103 CFU/ml cultured on mitis salivarius bacitracin (MSB) agar were included in the study. The age range of subjects was 18-23 years. The participants were divided into 3 groups: control, xylitol chewing gum and maltitol spray groups...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642311/dental-patient-knowledge-about-the-effects-of-smoking-and-attitudes-about-the-role-of-dentists-in-smoking-cessation
#3
Nurul Asyikin Yahya, Roslan Saub, Mariani Md Nor, Noriah Yusoff
Dentists can offer their patients who smoke tobacco assistance with smoking cessation. We conducted this study to assess dental patient knowledge about the effects of smoking and perceptions and attitudes regarding the role of dentists in smoking cessation counselling. We conducted this study to inform tobacco cessation programs that could potentially include dentists. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire among 375 patients. The mean age of subjects was 33.4 years; females comprised 51...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642310/diet-body-mass-index-and-dental-caries-among-thai-children-aged-3-to-5-years
#4
Kemthong Mitrakul, Malee Arunakul, Yuwadee Asvanund, Tanai Laisirireoungrai, Tharawut Praneechotiros, Peerapol Tevavichulada
Early childhood caries (ECC) can cause pain and interfere with healthy nutrition affecting a child growth. The aim of this study was to determine if there is an association between dental caries and body mass index (BMI) among Thai children aged 3 to 5 years. We randomly selected 100 students attending Suan Missakawan School, Bangkok, Thailand. We examined each child to determine the number of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) giving a DMFT score. We also measured the height and weight for each subject and calculated their body mass index (BMI) as weight in kilograms divided by height in meter squared...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642309/screening-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-prediabetes-using-point-of-care-testing-for-hba1c-among-thai-dental-patients
#5
Chanita Tantipoj, Serena Siraratna Sakoolnamarka, Sirirak Supa-amornkul, Vitool Lohsoonthorn, Chaicharn Deerochanawong, Siribangon Piboonniyom Khovidhunkit, Narin Hiransuthikul
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM) is associated with oral diseases. Some studies indicated that patients who seek dental treatment could have undiagnosed hyperglycemic condition. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of undiagnosed hyperglycemia and selected associated factors among Thai dental patients. Dental patients without a history of hyperglycemia were recruited from the Special Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand and His Majesty the King’s Dental Service Unit, Thailand...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642307/impact-of-personality-trait-and-professional-identity-on-work-related-depression-anxiety-and-irritation-among-chinese-nurses
#6
Yefei Wang, Bin Zhang
This study aimed to explore the impact of personality trait and professional identity on work-related depression, anxiety, irritation among Chinese nurses. Hospital nurses are known to work in stressful environment, which may lead to depression, anxiety and irritation symptoms. Few studies have been done to address this problem from the perspective of personality trait and professional identity in Chinese nurses. This was a cross sectional study. Data were collected from twenty hospitals of Hunan Province, in central China...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642306/a-weight-loss-program-for-medical-students-in-thailand-an-evaluation-of-related-knowledge-prevailing-attitudes-and-program-outcomes-for-weight-loss
#7
Pongsakorn Buraphat, Suthirat Ratanarojanakul, Supasaek Virojanapa, Pattarawalai Talungjit, Mayuree Homsanit
Millions of people, worldwide, struggle with being overweight or obese. Medical students, who will eventually become physicians, should be good role models for patients; however, some medical students are themselves overweight or obese. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a weight-loss program for medical students in Thailand. A six-month weight reduction program was designed consisted of three full-day sections that were scheduled, as follows: Day One, End of Week One, and End of Week Eight...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642305/exhaled-carbon-monoxide-levels-among-tobacco-smokers-by-age
#8
Supaporn Chatrchaiwiwatana, Amornrat Ratanasiri
Measurement of exhaled carbon monoxide (ECO) has been used to confirm self-reported tobacco smoking. There is little data regarding ECO levels among Thai tobacco smokers by age. The objectives of this study were to determine ECO cutoff level to confirm tobacco smoking and to assess whether the cutoff level varies by age. During 2009 we evaluated 875 Thai volunteers aged 16-70 years, residing in Pathum Thani (central Thailand) and Khon Kaen (northeastern Thailand). Among the 875 volunteers, there were 584 non-smokers and 291 smokers...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642304/assessment-of-a-new-smoking-cessation-program-at-thammasat-university-hospital-pathum-thani-thailand
#9
Pattarin Pirompanich, Tawanchai Jirapramukpitak, Narongkorn Saiphoklang, Thiti Sricharoenchai, Pichayapa Ruchiwit, Narit Sennoi, Apichart Kanitsap
The Smoking Cessation Clinic (SCC) at Thammasat University Hospital had only 27 patients from October 2013 to September 2014 and a quit rate of only 3.7%. A new smoking cessation program was implemented at the end of 2014 to improve success rates. This new program is an interdisciplinary program that includes several health care specialists. The study aimed to examine the characteristics of the smokers and the outcomes after implementing the new program with an interdisciplinary approach at the SCC in order to gain data to improve the efficacy of the SCC...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642303/capacity-building-process-in-environmental-and-health-impact-assessment-for-a-thai-community
#10
Suthat Chaithui, Pornchai Sithisarankul, Sarunya Hengpraprom
This research aimed at exploring the development of the capacitybuilding process in environmental and health impact assessment, including the consideration of subsequent, capacity-building achievements. Data were gathered through questionnaires, participatory observations, in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, and capacity building checklist forms. These data were analyzed using content analysis, descriptive statistics, and inferential statistics. Our study used the components of the final draft for capacity-building processes consisting of ten steps that were formulated by synthesis from each respective process...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642302/health-status-environmental-living-conditions-and-microbial-indoor-air-quality-among-migrant-worker-households-in-thailand
#11
Pipat Luksamijarulkul, Siranee Suknongbung, Pisit Vatanasomboon, Dusit Sujirarut
A large number of migrants have move to cities in Thailand seeking employment. These people may be at increased risk for environmental health problems. We studied the health status, environmental living conditions and microbial indoor air quality (IAQ) among selected groups of migrant workers and their households in Mueang District, Samut Sakhon, central Thailand. We conducted a cross sectional study of 240 migrant workers and their households randomly selected by multistage sampling. The person responsible for hygiene at each studied household was interviewed using a structured questionnaire...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642301/awareness-knowledge-level-and-misconceptions-about-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-secondary-school-students-in-brunei-darussalam
#12
A G Lim, V H Chong, S M Salleh, S H Poh
Sexually transmitted infections (STI) remain an important public health issue globally, particularly among the young population. Despite being preventable and curable, STI continue to spread. Lack of access to treatment is an important factor in many developing and underdeveloped nations. Lack of awareness and knowledge is another important factor. This study assessed the awareness, knowledge, and misconceptions among secondary school students on STI. Overall, awareness was poor but better among male students and those in the Pure Science academic streaming...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642300/nurses%C3%A2-attitudes-towards-co-workers-infected-with-hiv-or-hepatitis-b-or-c-in-vietnam
#13
Tomohiro Ishimaru, Koji Wada, Hoang Thi Xuan Huong, Bui Thi My Anh, Nguyen Dinh Hung, Le Hung, Derek R Smith
Stigma and discrimination experienced by nurses infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) potentially undermine their positions. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with nurses’ attitudes towards accepting co-workers with HIV, HBV, or HCV. The study design was descriptive and cross-sectional. Four hundred Vietnamese nurses participated in this study using stratified random sampling at two public hospitals in Hanoi, Vietnam...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642299/partner-notification-outcomes-among-male-gonorrhea-patients-at-bangrak-hospital-bangkok-thailand
#14
Angkana Charoenwatanachokchai, Nongnush Marin, Benjaluck Phonrat, Jittima Dhitavat
Partner notification (PN) is an important strategy to control sexually transmitted infections. The objective of this study was to assess the outcomes of PN in order to improve control of sexually transmitted infections. We retrospectively reviewed heterosexual male gonorrhea cases who presented for treatment to Bangrak Hospital during 2008 to determine the percent PN, the percent of successful partner management (SPM) and the factors associated with both. We used univariate and multivariate analyses to determine significant associations between characteristics of index cases and PN outcomes...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642298/repeated-sclerotherapy-successfully-treats-a-child-with-idiopathic-chyluria-a-case-report
#15
Narumon Densupsoontorn, Anirut Pattaragarn, Phichaya Sujijantararat
We describe a clinical course of idiopathic chyluria in a previously healthy 8-year-old Thai boy, with a 1-year history of cloudy white urine undergoing antibiotic treatment. The patient was investigated for the causes but they all proved negative. Cystoscopy and retrograde pyelography demonstrated a renolymphatic fistula of the right kidney. The patient was refractory to a mediumchain triglyceride-rich diet. Ultimately, sclerotherapy with 1% povidone iodine was employed twice, which resulted in a resolution of the disorder...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642297/prevalence-and-antibiotic-susceptiblity-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-collected-at-thammasat-university-hospital-thailand-august-2012-july-2015
#16
Pimonwan Phokhaphan, Pholawat Tingpej, Anucha Apisarnthanarak, Sumalee Kondo
We analyzed data of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients attending Thammasat University Hospital, Thailand from August 2012 to July 2015. In total, 232/502 (46%) S. aureus isolates were methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). There was a declining trend of proportion of MRSA infection, but the prevalence of MRSA in the last year of study remained high (38%). All 32 MRSA-infected outpatients had history of exposure to healthcare facilities during the previous two months and thus were not considered as having community-associated MRSA...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642296/enteroaggregative-escherichia-coli-o104-from-thai-and-imported-malaysian-raw-beef
#17
Nureesan Wameadesa, Aphisara Sae-lim, Fadeeya Hayeebilan, Pattamarat Rattanachuay, Pharanai Sukhumungoon
Local Thai and imported Malaysian beef in southern Thailand area carry several Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serotypes. STEC O104 is an important pathogen capable of causing outbreaks with considerable morbidity and mortality. This study investigated the presence of E. coli O104 from local Thai and imported Malaysian beef obtained from markets in Hat Yai City, Songkhla Province during August 2015 - February 2016. Thirty-one E. coli O104 strains were isolated from 12 beef samples (16% and 23% Thai and imported Malaysian, respectively)...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29641884/haemophilus-influenzae-from-patients-at-the-largest-university-tertiary-care-center-thailand-2012-2015
#18
Chanwit Tribuddharat, Pintip Pongpech, Somporn Srifuengfung
Haemophilus influenzae was isolated from 556 different patients, mostly 10 years or under, at a tertiary referral hospital in Bangkok, Thailand during 2012 - 2015. Peak period of detection was from January to March. Thirty-nine percent of the isolates were β-lactamase positive. β-Lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant H. influenzae (BLNAR) constituted 2% of β-lactamase-negative cases. H. influenzae was susceptible to ampicillin (58%), amoxicillin/clavulanate (99%), cefotaxime (100%), ceftriaxone (100%), cefuroxime (99%), ciprofloxacin (99%), chloramphenicol (86%), tetracycline (75%), and trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (52%)...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29641883/drug-resistance-pattern-and-molecular-characterization-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains-in-punjab-pakistan
#19
Hasnain Javed, Hafiza Jawairia Jashmi, Zarfishan Tahir, Nazia Jamil
Tuberculosis (TB) is a cause of death from a single infectious agent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), leading to approximately 2.5 million deaths annually worldwide. Information regarding prevalence and pattern of drug resistance among TB patients in Pakistan remains inadequate due to the country’s limited resources. This study compared conventional diagnostic techniques with a PCRbased assay targeting IS6110 sequence. In addition, MTB drug resistant profiles against four first-line drugs (ethambutol, isoniazid, rifampin, and streptomycin) from new and retreatment cases of TB...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29641882/comparison-of-genexpert-mtb-rif-assay-with-conventional-afb-smear-for-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-northeastern-thailand
#20
Wipa Reechaipichitkul, Tanapong Suleesathira, Prajaub Chaimanee
Among infectious agents, Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains one of the most significant causes of death worldwide. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) remains a great challenge. GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay is a novel integrated diagnostic system for rapid diagnosis of TB and particularly of rifampicin-resistant strains. A study was conducted between January 2010 and December 2014 to compare the performance of the sputum GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay with the conventional sputum AFB smear for diagnosis of active pulmonary TB in Thailand, a country with a high burden of this disease...
March 2017: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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