journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Urology and Nephrology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631246/smoking-as-a-risk-factor-for-diabetic-nephropathy-a-meta-analysis
#1
Sensen Su, Wanning Wang, Tao Sun, Fuzhe Ma, Yue Wang, Jia Li, Zhonggao Xu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated the connection between diabetic nephropathy and smoking, and reported widely varying rates. This study aimed to systematically analyze the impact of smoking on diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: We searched the PubMed and EMBASE electronic databases to identify relevant English-language studies published up to March 2016. Eligible studies were selected using inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data for each study were extracted independently by two authors...
June 19, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623529/ameliorative-effect-of-omega-3-on-spermatogenesis-testicular-antioxidant-status-and-preimplantation-embryo-development-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-rats
#2
Mehdi Khavarimehr, Vahid Nejati, Mazdak Razi, Gholamreza Najafi
PURPOSE: The present study was done to determine the ameliorative effect of polyunsaturated fatty acid omega-3 against experimental diabetes-induced damages on testicular tissue, sperm parameters and preimplantation embryo development in rat model. METHODS: Thirty-two mature male rats were divided into two control and test groups. The experimental diabetes (50 mg kg(-1) streptozotocin, ip) was induced in test group and subdivided into non-treated diabetic, 300 and 600 mg kg(-1) omega-3-treated (orally by gavage) groups...
June 16, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620716/factors-affecting-responsiveness-to-hepatitis-b-immunization-in-dialysis-patients
#3
Ali Asan, Huriye Demirhan, Hülya Çetin Sorkun, Sevgi Özkan, Mehtap Aydın, Davut Akın, Bengü Tatar, Binali Çatak, Alper Şener, Şükran Köse
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are widespread health problems all over the world and have high morbidity and mortality. Hemodialysis patients are more frequently exposed to these viruses as they have poor immune system and frequently undergo parenteral interventions. The vaccination against HBV prevents infection and it has been recommended for the prevention of HBV infection in all susceptible dialysis patients. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of HBV and HCV infections and analyzed the factors affecting inadequate response to HBV vaccine in dialysis patients...
June 15, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616818/fosfomycin-for-the-treatment-of-drug-resistant-urinary-tract-infections-potential-of-an-old-drug-not-explored-fully
#4
Vrushali Patwardhan, Sarman Singh
INTRODUCTION: Increased emergence of bacterial resistance and the limited options of novel antimicrobial agents have necessitated the reintroduction of some old antimicrobial agents. One such drug is fosfomycin, but its potential has not been explored fully, especially in India. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the in vitro activity of fosfomycin, against the urinary isolates and to compare it with in vitro activity of other orally administered antimicrobial agents...
June 14, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608260/water-electrolyte-acid-base-and-trace-elements-alterations-in-cirrhotic-patients
#5
REVIEW
Carlos G Musso, Rossina Juarez, Richard J Glassock
Chronic hepatic patients, and particularly those suffering from cirrhosis, are predisposed to different sort of water, electrolyte, acid-base, and trace elements disorders due to their altered liver function, and also to their exposition to infectious, inflammatory, oncologic, and pharmacologic variables whose combination undermines their homeostatic capability. Hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, hypocalcemia, metabolic acidosis, respiratory, and metabolic alkalosis are the main internal milieu alterations in this group...
June 12, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589215/utilities-of-scrotal-flap-for-reconstruction-of-penile-skin-defects-after-severe-burn-injury
#6
REVIEW
Le Guo, Minghua Zhang, Jizhang Zeng, Pengfei Liang, Pihong Zhang, Xiaoyuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed to present our experience of an effective two-stage surgical approach using scrotal skin flap for patients with penile skin defects following severe burn injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 17 patients with penile skin defects underwent scheduled two-stage reconstruction using scrotal skin flap from January 2004 to October 2016. Patients, who were selected as eligible candidates for scrotal flap, exhibited a wide range of indications, including iatrogenic injuries (e...
June 6, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573490/interactive-association-of-serum-uric-acid-and-total-bilirubin-with-renal-dysfunction-among-community-dwelling-subjects
#7
Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Kensuke Senzaki, Yoshihisa Kasai, Tomo Kusunoki, Nobuyuki Ohtsuka, Teru Kumagi
PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease is a major public health concern. Serum uric acid (SUA) at high levels was oxidative stress agents, and total bilirubin (T-BiL) at mildly increased levels was potent antioxidants, but whether SUA and T-BiL produce an additive interaction for the risk of renal dysfunction remains unclear. METHODS: The subjects comprised 567 men aged 71 ± 8 (mean ± standard deviation) years and 853 women aged 70 ± 8 years from a rural village...
June 1, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573489/ultrasonic-evaluation-of-renal-cortex-arterial-area-enables-differentiation-between-hypertensive-and-glomerulonephritis-related-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Arkadiusz Lubas, Grzegorz Kade, Robert Ryczek, Piotr Banasiak, Przemysław Dyrla, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Daniel Schneditz, Stanisław Niemczyk
PURPOSE: Identifying the primary etiology of cardio-renal syndrome in a timely manner remains an ongoing challenge in nephrology. We hypothesized that hypertensive kidney damage can be distinguished from chronic glomerulonephritis at an early stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) using ultrasound (US) Doppler sonography. METHODS: Fifty-six males (age 54 ± 15, BMI 28.3 ± 3.5 kg/m(2)) with hypertension and stable CKD at stages 2-4 [38 with essential hypertension (HT-CKD); 18 with glomerulonephritis (GN-CKD)] were studied...
June 1, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573488/peritoneal-dialysis-related-infections-recommendations-2016-update-what-is-new
#9
REVIEW
Vassilios Liakopoulos, Olga Nikitidou, Theofanis Kalathas, Stefanos Roumeliotis, Marios Salmas, Theodoros Eleftheriadis
In 2016, the International Society of Peritoneal Dialysis (ISPD) published guidelines that focus on the importance of both prevention and treatment of peritonitis. For once more, the need for annual reporting of peritonitis rates and recording of peritonitis and exit-site infections, isolated microorganism and antimicrobial susceptibilities as a central component of a quality improvement program is highlighted. Data on new antibiotic regimens, techniques for microorganism isolation and peritoneal dialysis solutions are included...
June 1, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573487/low-vascularization-of-the-nephrogenic-zone-of-the-fetal-kidney-suggests-a-major-role-for-hypoxia-in-human-nephrogenesis
#10
C Gerosa, D Fanni, A Faa, P Van Eyken, A Ravarino, V Fanos, G Faa
CD31 reactivity is generally utilized as a marker of endothelial cells. CD31 immunoreactivity in the developing human kidney revealed that fetal glomerular capillary endothelial cells change their immunohistochemical phenotype during maturation. The aim of this study was to analyze CD31 reactivity in the fetal human kidney in the different stages of intrauterine development: We observed different distribution of CD31-reactive vascular progenitors in the different areas of the developing kidney. In particular, the nephrogenic zone and the renal capsule were characterized by a scarcity of CD31-reactive cells at all gestational ages...
June 1, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567709/renal-cell-cancers-unveiling-the-hereditary-ones-and-saving-lives-a-tailored-diagnostic-approach
#11
REVIEW
Georgios Kallinikas, Helai Habib, Dimitrios Tsimiliotis, Evangelos Koutsokostas, Barna Bokor
The prevalence of RCC in Europe is 2-3% and increasing every year. Hereditary predisposition is found in 5-8% of all RCC cases. Hereditary syndromes associated with RCC include: Von Hippel-Lindau, hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma, Birt-Hogg-Dube', hereditary leiomyomatosis, succinate dehydrogenase's deficiency, tuberous sclerosis complex and Cowden's syndrome. These syndromes are related to specific genetic mutations. So far the European Association of Urology and American Urological Association have not established guidelines for referral of patients with RCC for germline mutation screening...
May 31, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560507/comparison-of-croes-s-t-o-n-e-and-guy-s-scoring-systems-for-the-prediction-of-stone-free-status-and-complication-rates-following-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Fatih Yanaral, Faruk Ozgor, Metin Savun, Murat Sahan, Omer Sarilar, Murat Binbay
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the accuracy of S.T.O.N.E, Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES), and Guy's stone score in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). METHODS: The charts of patients who had undergone a prone percutaneous nephrolithotomy from June 2006 to June 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients accepted as stage 3 and higher according to chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration formula, were enrolled into the study...
May 30, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550475/treatment-trends-determinants-and-survival-of-partial-and-radical-nephrectomy-for-stage-i-renal-cell-carcinoma-results-from-the-national-cancer-data-base-2004-2013
#13
Kyle Plante, Telisa M Stewart, Dongliang Wang, Gennady Bratslavsky, Margaret Formica
OBJECTIVE: To provide updated treatment trends, determinants, and survival of partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN) across the USA. DATA SOURCES: Secondary data from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) participant user file from 2004 to 2013. The NCDB captures approximately 70% of all newly diagnosed cancer cases each year. STUDY DESIGN: Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios for RN overall. Kaplan-Meier, multivariable Cox regression, and log-rank test were used to characterize patient survival...
May 26, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550474/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-coactivator-1%C3%AE-pgc-1%C3%AE-gene-expression-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-on-hemodialysis-relation-to-hemodialysis-related-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality
#14
Eman Tayae Elsayed, Rasha Adel Nassra, Yasmine Salah Naga
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to investigate some of the key regulators of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism in ESRD patients on hemodialysis (ESRD/HD) focusing on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ-coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) gene expression and its relation to ESRD/HD-related cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and mortality in an effort to identify new potential targets for pharmacological interventions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The expression of PGC-1α and one of its downstream genes: COX6C were evaluated in 49 ESRD/HD patients and in 33 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects as controls using quantitative real-time PCR...
May 26, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550473/the-significance-of-de-ritis-aspartate-transaminase-alanine-transaminase-ratio-in-predicting-pathological-outcomes-and-prognosis-in-localized-prostate-cancer-patients
#15
Huitao Wang, Kewei Fang, Jinsong Zhang, Yongming Jiang, Guang Wang, Haiyan Zhang, Tao Chen, Xin Shi, Yuhang Li, Fei Duan, Jianhe Liu
PURPOSE: To illustrate whether De Ritis (aspartate transaminase-AST/alanine transaminase-ALT) ratio is useful in risk stratification of localized prostate cancer and propose an easy predictive model for biochemical recurrence-free survival (BCRFS). METHODS: In total, 438 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy were included in this study. Blood samples including AST and ALT were collected 1-7 days before surgery. An elevated AST and ALT value was defined as over 40 or 56 IU/L...
May 26, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547571/clinical-presentations-and-molecular-studies-of-invasive-renal-epithelioid-angiomyolipoma
#16
Cheng-Keng Chuang, Hsin Chia Angela Lin, Han-Yu Tasi, Kun-Han Lee, Yuting Kao, Fukai Leo Chuang, Ying-Hsu Chang, Po-Hung Lin, Chung-Yi Liu, See-Tong Pang
PURPOSE: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) is a rare variant of renal angiomyolipoma with malignant potential, and the cytogenetic and clinical behavior of EAML remains a challenging issue. METHODS: We retrospectively analyze the clinical courses of five EAML, the use of everolimus on metastatic EAML, and next-generation sequencing (NGS) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) studies to investigate the gene mutation of TSC and the impact of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in metastatic EAML...
May 25, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534129/insomnia-muscular-cramps-and-pruritus-have-low-intensity-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-good-dialysis-efficiency-low-inflammation-and-arteriovenous-fistula
#17
Olga Hilda Orasan, Aniela Pop Saplontai, Angela Cozma, Simona Racasan, Ina Maria Kacso, Crina Claudia Rusu, Diana Moldovan, Dacian Tirinescu, Alina Potra, Ioan Mihai Patiu, Remus Aurel Orasan
INTRODUCTION: Insomnia, muscular cramps, pruritus and postdialysis recovery time (RT) are quality-of-life parameters that affect hemodialysis (HD) patients physically and mentally. METHODS: We included 171 end-stage renal disease patients: 115 on high-flux HD and 56 on online hemodiafiltration (HDF). Patients were asked "How long does it take you to recover from a dialysis session?" and they evaluated intensity (absent, mild, medium and severe) of insomnia, muscular cramps and pruritus in the past 4 weeks...
May 22, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534128/cathepsin-l-activity-correlates-with-proteinuria-in-chronic-kidney-disease-in-humans
#18
Yu Cao, Xing Liu, Ying Li, Yao Lu, Hua Zhong, Weihong Jiang, Alex F Chen, Timothy R Billiar, Hong Yuan, Jingjing Cai
BACKGROUND: The presence and severity of proteinuria is considered an important prognostic marker in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated with mortality and morbidity. Cathepsin L is highly expressed in the foot processes of podocytes in the kidney, which serves as an ultrafiltration barrier. Cathepsin L is also up-regulated in the setting of inflammation as a feature of CKD. Therefore, we postulated that proteinuria severity in CKD patients might correlate with increased serum levels of cathepsin L...
May 22, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528353/adrenomedullin-ameliorates-podocyte-injury-induced-by-puromycin-aminonucleoside-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-through-modulation-of-rho-gtpases
#19
Nan Dong, Lixia Meng, Ruqun Xue, Meng Yu, Zhonghua Zhao, Xueguang Liu
PURPOSE: Podocyte injury is a key event in proteinuric kidney disease and eventually glomerular scarring. While adrenomedullin (AM), a potent vasodilatory peptide, has been reported to confer renoprotection in several experimental models of kidney diseases, its effect on injured podocytes and the related mechanism is still largely unknown. METHODS: Employing Western blotting analysis, immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence, we investigated the effects of AM on the expressions of podocyte cytoskeletal proteins and Rho-family small GTPases (Rho GTPases) in puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN)-induced podocyte injury, both in cultured podocytes and in PAN nephrosis rats...
May 20, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526969/glycaemia-and-phosphatemia-after-oral-glucose-and-maltitol-ingestion-in-subjects-from-two-different-race-groups-preliminary-evidence-of-inter-race-differences-in-metabolism-and-possible-implications-for-urinary-stone-disease
#20
Takalani Theka, Allen Rodgers
PURPOSE: Glucose (Glu) and maltitol (Mal) ingestion affect calciuria and phosphaturia. Renal phosphate leak involving hypophosphatemia is thought to be a mechanism. Inter-race differences in carbohydrate metabolism are known. We investigated the effects of Glu and Mal ingestion on glycaemia and phosphatemia in subjects from two race groups to better understand potential implications for nephrolithiasis. METHODS: Healthy black (B) (n = 8) and white (W) (n = 8) males followed a self-selected standardized diet for 7 days and a strictly controlled standardized diet on Day 8...
May 19, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
journal
journal
22640
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"