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International Urology and Nephrology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238149/the-occurrence-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-dialysis-patients-and-its-association-with-left-atrium-volume-before-and-after-dialysis
#1
Beata Franczyk, Anna Gluba-Brzózka, Piotr Bartnicki, Jacek Rysz
PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation is a serious problem, especially in patients on dialysis. The prevalence of AF in this group of patients is higher than in general population and associated with increased mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of the occurrence of atrial fibrillation related to intradialysis hypotension and left atrium volume enlargement associated with dialysis. The influence of dialysis session on: E/E', V LA, E/A, E', V RA and the width of inferior vena cava of RV was analyzed...
February 25, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238148/long-term-cancer-control-outcomes-of-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-for-prostate-cancer-treatment-a-meta-analysis
#2
Lei Wang, Baojun Wang, Qing Ai, Yu Zhang, Xiangjun Lv, Hongzhao Li, Xin Ma, Xu Zhang
PURPOSE: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) provides significant advantages in short-term oncological outcomes for prostate cancer patients. However, data regarding the long-term cancer control outcomes of RARP are limited and inconsistent. This study aimed to evaluate these long-term outcomes. METHODS: Medline, Scopus, and other databases were searched for studies published from January 2010 to July 2016. Case series and prospective cohort studies on the long-term cancer control outcomes of patients who underwent RARP were subjected to meta-analyses by using the R statistical software...
February 25, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236138/progression-of-kidney-disease-in-elderly-stage-3-and-4-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#3
Pradeep Arora, Kabir Jalal, Anu Gupta, Randolph L Carter, James W Lohr
PURPOSE: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been rising steadily in the elderly population. We studied the rate of progression of CKD in this population and the factors associated with progression of CKD to better identify patients who are likely to progress to ESRD. METHODS: This was an observational study including 4562 patients older than 65 years with two outpatient estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) of <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2), at least 90 days apart with no intervening eGFR >60 ml/min/1...
February 24, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233085/addressing-challenges-in-underactive-bladder-recommendations-and-insights-from-the-congress-on-underactive-bladder-cure-uab
#4
REVIEW
Karel Dewulf, Nitya Abraham, Laura E Lamb, Tomas L Griebling, Naoki Yoshimura, Pradeep Tyagi, Andrew Veerecke, Sarah N Bartolone, Bernadette M M Zwaans, Dirk De Ridder, Ananias Diokno, Michael B Chancellor
Underactive bladder (UAB) is an expanding troublesome health issue, exerting a major influence on the health and independence of older people with a disproportionally low level of attention received. The 2nd International Congress on Underactive Bladder (CURE-UAB 2) convened in Denver, CO on December 3 and 4, 2015, and comprised of top clinicians, scientists, and other stakeholders to address the challenges in UAB. A series of workshops aimed to define UAB and its phenotype, define detrusor underactivity (DU) and create a subtyping of DU, evaluate existing animal models for DU, and lastly to establish research priorities for UAB...
February 23, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233084/response-effect-of-preoperative-consumption-of-high-carbohydrate-drink-pre-op-on-postoperative-metabolic-stress-reaction-in-patients-undergoing-radical-prostatectomy
#5
LETTER
Ozgur Canbay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229311/prevalence-of-frailty-in-end-stage-renal-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Gotaro Kojima
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on prevalence of frailty among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD is associated with malnutrition, chronic inflammation, acidemia, impaired hormonal changes, and low physical activity, all of which can directly and indirectly contribute to the development of frailty. Coexistence of ESRD and frailty has been shown to increase risks of adverse health outcomes. Given potential reversibility of frailty, it is important to examine frailty status in this high-risk population...
February 22, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224265/effect-of-serum-albumin-on-the-prognosis-of-elderly-patients-with-stage-3-4-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Hongru Fan, Jihong Yang, Lili Liu, Yu Qiao, Meng Wang, Lei Qiu, Hong Shi, Huan Xi, Yao Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of serum albumin on the prognosis of elderly patients with stage 3-4 chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: From July 2013 to November 2015, elderly CKD patients (≥60 years), with eGFR ≥15 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2), with CKD stage 3-4 in the geriatric nephrology clinic were enrolled. General information and underlying diseases were recorded. Laboratory indices were evaluated. Composite endpoint events (CEE) including renal endpoint events, cardiocerebral vascular endpoint events, and death were elucidated...
February 21, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213802/high-expression-of-aspm-correlates-with-tumor-progression-and-predicts-poor-outcome-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer
#8
Jian-Jiang Xie, Yang-Jia Zhuo, Yu Zheng, Ru-Jun Mo, Ze-Zhen Liu, Bo-Wei Li, Zhi-Duan Cai, Xue-Jin Zhu, Yu-Xiang Liang, Hui-Chan He, Wei-de Zhong
PURPOSE: Abnormal spindle microtubule assembly (ASPM) gene was known to be linked with poor clinical prognosis in various tumors. However, the clinical significance of ASPM in prostate cancer (PCa) has not yet been understood. The purpose of this study was to determine the association of ASPM with tumor progression and prognosis in PCa patients. METHODS: The expression of ASPM at protein level in human PCa and non-cancerous prostate tissue was detected by immunohistochemical analysis, which was further validated by using microarray-based dataset (NCBI GEO: GSE21032 and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset) at mRNA level...
February 17, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213801/efficacy-of-a-neoadjuvant-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-antagonist-plus-low-dose-estramustine-phosphate-in-high-risk-prostate-cancer-a-single-center-study
#9
Kazuhisa Hagiwara, Takuya Koie, Chikara Ohyama, Hayato Yamamoto, Atsushi Imai, Shingo Hatakeyama, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Yuki Tobisawa, Tohru Yoneyama
PURPOSE: The optimal treatment for high-risk prostate cancer (Pca) remains to be established. We previously reported favorable biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS) for high-risk Pca patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy comprising a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist plus low-dose estramustine (LHRH + EMP) prior to radical prostatectomy (RP). In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of neoadjuvant therapy comprising a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist plus low-dose estramustine phosphate (GnRH + EMP) in patients with high-risk Pca...
February 17, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210914/comparison-of-histopathological-characteristics-of-polyacrylate-polyalcohol-copolymer-with-dextranomer-hyaluronic-acid-after-injection-beneath-the-bladder-mucosa-layer-a-rabbit-model
#10
Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh, Shabnam Sabetkish, Reza Khorramirouz, Nastaran Sabetkish
OBJECTIVES: To compare short- and long-term local tissue reaction of polyacrylate polyalcohol copolymer (PPC) with dextranomer/hyaluronic acid (DHA) in rabbits. METHODS: Eight healthy New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups. In group I (control group), DHA was injected just beneath the mucosal layer of the bladder wall, while PPC was injected in group II. Subcutaneous injection of both bulking agents was also performed in nude mice. Histological evaluations with leukocyte common antibody (LCA), CD68, CD31, and CD34 were conducted on biopsies 1 and 6 months postoperatively...
February 16, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210913/dietary-and-commercialized-fructose-sweet-or-sour
#11
REVIEW
Aslihan Yerlikaya, Tuncay Dagel, Christopher King, Masanari Kubawara, Miguel A Lanaspa, Ana Andres-Hernando, Adrian Covic, Jacek Manitius, Alan A Sag, Mehmet Kanbay
Metabolic syndrome and diabetes are main health problems of modern life in the twenty-first century. Alarming ratios of global prevalence lead to conduct more and more researches about etiological factors and pathogenesis. Disease mechanism is elementary for advancing more efficient and practicable treatment methods. Concurrent increase in both fructose consumption with Western diet and metabolic syndrome has revealed fructose hypothesis that suggests fructose as one of etiological factor of metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance, central obesity, hypertension, etc...
February 16, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204989/assessment-of-noninvasive-predictors-of-bladder-detrusor-underactivity-in-bph-luts-patients
#12
Fei Luo, Hong-Hong Sun, Yan-Hui Su, Zhi-Hua Zhang, Ya-Shen Wang, Zhen Zhao, Jian Li
PURPOSE: To retrospectively assess the diagnostic predictive value of clinical characteristics to improve the diagnostic accuracy of bladder detrusor underactivity (DU) among benign prostatic hyperplasia/lower urinary tract symptoms (BPH/LUTS) patients who cannot undergo urodynamic examinations. METHODS: A total of 704 BPH/LUTS patients at Tianjin Medical Union Center from January 2013 through June 2016 were enrolled in the study. All cases were stratified by maximum detrusor pressure (Pdet...
February 15, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197765/a-cost-analysis-of-stenting-in-uncomplicated-semirigid-ureteroscopic-stone-removal
#13
Stephan Seklehner, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Richard Lee, Paul F Engelhardt, Claus Riedl, Thomas Kunit
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome and the costs of stenting in uncomplicated semirigid ureteroscopic stone removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A decision tree model was created to evaluate the economic impact of routine stenting versus non-stenting strategies in uncomplicated ureteroscopy (URS). Probabilities of complications were extracted from twelve randomized controlled trials. Stone removal costs, costs for complication management, and total costs were calculated using Treeage Pro (TreeAge Pro Healthcare version 2015, Software, Inc, Williamstown Massachusetts, USA)...
February 14, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197764/new-frontiers-in-prostate-cancer-imaging-clinical-utility-of-prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-positron-emission-tomography
#14
REVIEW
Asim Afaq, Deepak Batura, Jamshed Bomanji
Prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography (PSMA PET) is a relatively new method of imaging prostate cancer that increases diagnostic accuracy in detecting and guiding management in various stages of the disease pathway. Gallium-68-labelled PSMA PET has increased the sensitivity of detection of disease recurrence at low PSA levels, thus allowing an optimal window for salvage treatment. Apart from its use in disease recurrence, PSMA PET has the potential for increasing sensitivity and specificity for primary tumour localisation and in detecting lymph node disease, leading to a more accurate initial staging of the condition...
February 14, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190234/abatacept-as-a-therapeutic-option-in-the-treatment-of-encapsulated-peritoneal-sclerosis-an-experimental-rat-model
#15
Latife Bircan, Suleyman Karakose, Hatice Unverdi, Ayşe Zeynep Bal, Selman Unverdi, Murat Duranay
PURPOSE: Encapsulated peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare complication of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) and is usually associated with mortality. Inflammation is a leading factor for developing EPS. This study aimed to investigate the effect of abatacept on peritoneal fibrosis and inflammation using the EPS rat model. METHODS: Twenty-four Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into four equal groups. Group I (control group) was administered isotonic saline (IS) via the intraperitoneal (ip) route during weeks 0-3...
February 11, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188414/a-potential-panel-of-four-long-noncoding-rna-signature-in-prostate-cancer-predicts-biochemical-recurrence-free-survival-and-disease-free-survival
#16
Tian-Bao Huang, Chuan-Peng Dong, Guang-Chen Zhou, Sheng-Ming Lu, Yang Luan, Xiao Gu, Lei Liu, Xue-Fei Ding
PURPOSES: Growing evidences showed that lncRNAs abnormally expressed in cancer tissues and played irreplaceable roles in tumorigenesis, progression and metastasis. In present study, we aimed to identify lncRNA expression signature that can predict biochemical recurrence-free (BCR-free) survival of prostate cancer (PCa) patients. METHODS: A total of 291 patients with pathologic confirmed PCa in The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset were recruited and included. With the specific risk score formula, patients were further classified into high-risk group and low-risk group...
February 10, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185108/low-prognostic-nutritional-index-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#17
Fenfen Peng, Wenjing Chen, Weidong Zhou, Peilin Li, Hongxin Niu, Yihua Chen, Yan Zhu, Haibo Long
PURPOSE: The prognostic nutritional index (PNI), a variable based on serum albumin concentration and total lymphocyte count in peripheral blood, is reported as a predictor of mortality in a variety of malignant tumor population. This study is aimed to evaluate whether PNI has prognostic value in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective observational cohort study conducted in incident PD patients from January 1, 2006 to June 30, 2014, and followed until June 30, 2015...
February 10, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185107/protective-impact-of-resveratrol-in-experimental-rat-model-of-hyperoxaluria
#18
Taylan Oksay, Sedat Yunusoğlu, Mustafa Calapoğlu, I Aydın Candan, İbrahim Onaran, Osman Ergün, Alper Özorak
PURPOSE: Resveratrol (RES) is a polyphenol with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and many other physiological effects on tissues. In the present study, the effect of resveratrol in hyperoxaluria driven nephrolithiasis/nephrocalcinosis is investigated. METHODS: Wistar-Albino rats of 250-300 g (male, n = 24) were included in the present study. The rats were randomized into three groups: Group 1 consisted of the controls (n = 8), Group 2 of hyperoxaluria (1% ethylene glycol (EG), n = 8), and Group 3 of the treatment (1% EG + 10 mg/kg of RES, n = 8) group...
February 9, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185106/does-the-use-of-ureteral-stents-with-extraction-strings-increase-urinary-infection-rates
#19
Yuval Freifeld, Demitry Goldin, Luai Khalili, Boris Friedman, Leonid Boyarsky, Ilan Klein, Faris Gazy, Avi Stein, Yoram Dekel
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of ureteral stents with extraction string on the rate of postoperative UTI after ureteroscopies. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patient records who underwent ureteroscopy from January 2011 to August 2014 was performed. Patients were grouped into three groups according to postoperative stent status: non-stented or ureteral catheter for up to 24 h (NS), ureteral stent without extraction string (US) and ureteral stent with an extraction string (US-E)...
February 9, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185105/evaluation-of-the-framingham-heart-study-risk-factors-and-risk-score-for-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-at-10%C3%A2-years-in-a-thai-general-population
#20
Krittika Saranburut, Prin Vathesatogkit, Anchalee Chittamma, Somlak Vanavanan, Nisakron Thongmung, Tuangrat Tangstheanphan, Piyamitr Sritara, Chagriya Kitiyakara
PURPOSE: Asians have some of the highest rates of end-stage renal disease, but there is limited information on the risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the Asian general population. A risk score for incident CKD for the general population has been developed from the US Framingham Heart Study (FHS) Offspring cohort. This score has been validated on Caucasians and African-Americans, but has not been tested on Asians. We aimed to assess the importance of the FHS risk factors and the performance of the FHS risk score in predicting incident CKD at 10 years in a Thai community-based population...
February 9, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
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