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Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913284/cardiac-proteasome-functional-insufficiency-plays-a-pathogenic-role-in-diabetic-cardiomyopathy
#1
Jie Li, Wenxia Ma, Guihua Yue, Yaoliang Tang, Il-Man Kim, Neal L Weintraub, Xuejun Wang, Huabo Su
BACKGROUND: Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a major risk factor in diabetic patients but its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) facilitates protein quality control by degrading unnecessary and damaged proteins in eukaryotic cells, and dysfunction of UPS is implicated in various cardiac diseases. However, the overall functional status of the UPS and its pathophysiological role in diabetic cardiomyopathy have not been determined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Type I diabetes was induced in wild-type and transgenic mice expressing a UPS functional reporter (GFPdgn) by injections of streptozotocin (STZ)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913283/i-love-it-when-a-plan-comes-together-insight-gained-through-convergence-of-competing-mathematical-models
#2
EDITORIAL
Jingqi Q X Gong, Jaehee V Shim, Elisa Núñez-Acosta, Eric A Sobie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908661/uniform-low-level-dystrophin-expression-in-the-heart-partially-preserved-cardiac-function-in-an-aged-mouse-model-of-duchenne-cardiomyopathy
#3
Nalinda B Wasala, Yongping Yue, Jenna Vance, Dongsheng Duan
Dystrophin deficiency results in Duchenne cardiomyopathy, a primary cause of death in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Gene therapy has shown great promise in ameliorating the cardiac phenotype in mouse models of DMD. However, it is not completely clear how much dystrophin is required to treat dystrophic heart disease. We and others have shown that mosaic dystrophin expression at the wild-type level, depending on the percentage of dystrophin positive cardiomyocytes, can either delay the onset of or fully prevent cardiomyopathy in dystrophin-null mdx mice...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894866/transcriptional-regulation-of-the-sodium-channel-gene-scn5a-by-gata4-in-human-heart
#4
Anna Tarradas, Mel Lina Pinsach-Abuin, Carlos Mackintosh, Oriol Llorà-Batlle, Alexandra Pérez-Serra, Montserrat Batlle, Félix Pérez-Villa, Thomas Zimmer, Ivan Garcia-Bassets, Ramon Brugada, Pedro Beltran-Alvarez, Sara Pagans
Aberrant expression of the sodium channel gene (SCN5A) has been proposed to disrupt cardiac action potential and cause human cardiac arrhythmias, but the mechanisms of SCN5A gene regulation and dysregulation still remain largely unexplored. To gain insight into the transcriptional regulatory networks of SCN5A, we surveyed the promoter and first intronic regions of the SCN5A gene, predicting the presence of several binding sites for GATA transcription factors (TFs). Consistent with this prediction, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and sequential ChIP (Re-ChIP) assays show co-occupancy of cardiac GATA TFs GATA4 and GATA5 on promoter and intron 1 SCN5A regions in fresh-frozen human left ventricle samples...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894865/the-genetic-component-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-and-aortic-dilation-an-exome-wide-association-study
#5
Marina Gago-Díaz, María Brion, Pastora Gallego, Francisco Calvo, Juan Robledo-Carmona, Daniel Saura, Violeta Sánchez, Javier Bermejo, Teresa Sevilla, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Ángel Carracedo, J Daniel Muehlschlegel, David García-Dorado, Simon C Body, Artur Evangelista
BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve is the most common cardiovascular congenital malformation affecting 2% of the general population. The incidence of life-threatening complications, the high heritability, and familial clustering rates support the interest in identifying risk or protective genetic factors. The main objective of the present study was to identify population-based genetic variation associated with bicuspid aortic valve and concomitant ascending aortic dilation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional exome-wide association study was conducted in 565 Spanish cases and 484 controls...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894864/integrative-approaches-for-prediction-of-cardiotoxic-drug-effects-and-mitigation-strategies
#6
EDITORIAL
Birce Onal, Thomas J Hund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876471/cobalamin-and-folate-protect-mitochondrial-and-contractile-functions-in-a-murine-model-of-cardiac-pressure-overload
#7
Jérôme Piquereau, Maryline Moulin, Giada Zurlo, Philippe Mateo, Mélanie Gressette, Jean-Louis Paul, Christophe Lemaire, Renée Ventura-Clapier, Vladimir Veksler, Anne Garnier
PGC-1α, a key regulator of energy metabolism, seems to be a relevant therapeutic target to rectify the energy deficit observed in heart failure (HF). Since our previous work has shown positive effects of cobalamin (Cb) on PGC-1α cascade, we investigate the protective role of Cb in pressure overload-induced myocardial dysfunction. Mice were fed with normal diet (ND) or with Cb and folate supplemented diet (SD) 3weeks before and 4weeks after transverse aortic constriction (TAC). At the end, left ventricle hypertrophy and drop of ejection fraction were significantly lower in SD mice than in ND mice...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866931/key-role-of-endothelium-in-the-enos-dependent-cardioprotection-with-exercise-training
#8
C Farah, A Nascimento, G Bolea, G Meyer, S Gayrard, A Lacampagne, O Cazorla, C Reboul
Modulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activation is recognized as a main trigger of the cardioprotective effects of exercise training on heart vulnerability to ischemia-reperfusion (IR). However, this enzyme is expressed both in coronary endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes and the contribution of each one to such cardioprotection has never been challenged. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of eNOS from the cardiomyocytes vs. the endothelium in the exercise cardioprotection...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866930/finding-ms-or-mr-right-which-mirna-to-target-in-af
#9
EDITORIAL
Cristina E Molina, Niels Voigt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866047/erratum-to-gata-4-regulation-of-myocardial-survival-in-the-preconditioned-heart-j-mol-cell-cardiol-37-6-2004-dec-1195-1203
#10
Yuichiro J Suzuki, Hiroko Nagase, Regina M Day, Dipak K Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865915/functional-promoter-polymorphisms-direct-the-expression-of-cystathionine-gamma-lyase-gene-in-mouse-models-of-essential-hypertension
#11
Vinayak Gupta, Piyushkumar R Kapopara, Abrar A Khan, Vikas Arige, Lakshmi Subramanian, Parshuram J Sonawane, Binu K Sasi, Nitish R Mahapatra
Despite the well-known role of cystathionine γ-lyase (Cth) in cardiovascular pathophysiology, transcriptional regulation of Cth remains incompletely understood. Sequencing of the Cth promoter region in mouse models of genetic/essential hypertension (viz. Blood Pressure High [BPH], Blood Pressure Low [BPL] and Blood Pressure Normal [BPN] mice) identified several genetic variations. Transient transfections of BPH/BPL-Cth promoter-reporter plasmids into various cell types revealed higher promoter activity of BPL-Cth than that of BPH-Cth...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847332/intralipid-protects-the-heart-in-late-pregnancy-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-caveolin2-stat3-gsk-3%C3%AE-pathway
#12
Jingyuan Li, Gregoire Ruffenach, Georgios Kararigas, Christine M Cunningham, Negar Motayagheni, Neusha Barakai, Soban Umar, Vera Regitz-Zagrosek, Mansoureh Eghbali
BACKGROUND: We recently demonstrated that the heart of late pregnant (LP) rodents is more prone to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury compared to non-pregnant rodents. Lipids, particularly polyunsaturated fatty acids, have received special attention in the field of cardiovascular research. Here, we explored whether Intralipid (ITLD) protects the heart against I/R injury in LP rodents and investigated the mechanisms underlying this protection. METHODS AND RESULTS: In-vivo female LP rat hearts or ex-vivo isolated Langendorff-perfused LP mouse hearts were subjected to ischemia followed by reperfusion with PBS or ITLD (one bolus of 5mg/kg of 20% in in-vivo and 1% in ex-vivo)...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838371/triggered-activity-in-atrial-myocytes-is-influenced-by-na-ca-2-exchanger-activity-in-genetically-altered-mice
#13
N Bögeholz, P Pauls, S Kaese, J S Schulte, M D Lemoine, D G Dechering, G Frommeyer, J I Goldhaber, M D Seidl, U Kirchhefer, L Eckardt, F U Müller, C Pott
AIMS: In atrial fibrillation, increased function of the Na(+)/Ca(2+)-exchanger (NCX) is one among several electrical remodeling mechanisms. METHODS/RESULTS: Using the patch-clamp- and Ca(2+) imaging-methods, we investigated atrial myocytes from NCX-homozygous-overexpressor (OE)- and heterozygous-knockout (KO)-mice and their corresponding wildtypes (WTOE; WTKO). NCX mediated Ca(2+) extrusion capacity was reduced in KO and increased in OE. There was no evidence for structural or molecular remodeling...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838370/cinnamaldehyde-ameliorates-lps-induced-cardiac-dysfunction-via-tlr4-nox4-pathway-the-regulation-of-autophagy-and-ros-production
#14
Hang Zhao, Meng Zhang, Fuxing Zhou, Wei Cao, Linlin Bi, Yanhua Xie, Qian Yang, Siwang Wang
Cinnamaldehyde (CA), a major bioactive compound extracted from the essential oil of Cortex Cinnamomi, exhibits anti-inflammatory activity on endotoxemia. Accumulating evidence indicates reactive oxygen species (ROS) and autophagy play a vital role in the cardiac dysfunction during endotoxemia. The aim of this study was to unveil the mechanism of CA on ROS production and autophagy during endotoxemia. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were stimulated by LPS (20mg/kg i.v.) with or without treatment of CA. Cardiac function and histopathological staining were preformed 4h after LPS stimulation...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832939/roles-and-regulation-of-protein-phosphatase-2a-pp2a-in-the-heart
#15
Ellen R Lubbers, Peter J Mohler
Reversible protein phosphorylation is central to a variety of cardiac processes including excitation-contraction coupling, Ca(2+) handling, cell metabolism, myofilament regulation, and cell-cell communication. While kinase pathways linked with elevated adrenergic signaling have been a major focus for the cardiovascular field over the past half century, new findings support the critical role of protein phosphatases in both health and disease. Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a central cardiac phosphatase that regulates diverse myocyte functions through a host of target molecules...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832938/keto-acid-metabolites-of-branched-chain-amino-acids-inhibit-oxidative-stress-induced-necrosis-and-attenuate-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#16
Weibing Dong, Meiyi Zhou, Mei Dong, Bangfen Pan, Yunxia Liu, Jing Shao, Xiaoping Gu, Ying Huang, Guangping Li, Yibin Wang, Haipeng Sun
Branched chain α-keto acids (BCKAs) are endogenous metabolites of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs). BCAA and BCKA are significantly elevated in pathologically stressed heart and contribute to chronic pathological remodeling and dysfunction. However, their direct impact on acute cardiac injury is unknown. Here, we demonstrated that elevated BCKAs significantly attenuated ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and preserved post I/R function in isolated mouse hearts. BCKAs protected cardiomyocytes from oxidative stress-induced cell death in vitro...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825981/structures-reveal-details-of-small-molecule-binding-to-cardiac-troponin
#17
Fangze Cai, Monica X Li, Sandra E Pineda-Sanabria, Shorena Gelozia, Steffen Lindert, Frederick West, Brian D Sykes, Peter M Hwang
In cardiac and skeletal muscle, the troponin complex turns muscle contraction on and off in a calcium-dependent manner. Many small molecules are known to bind to the troponin complex to modulate its calcium binding affinity, and this may be useful in a broad range of conditions in which striated muscle function is compromised, such as congestive heart failure. As a tool for developing drugs specific for the cardiac isoform of troponin, we have designed a chimeric construct (cChimera) consisting of the regulatory N-terminal domain of cardiac troponin C (cNTnC) fused to the switch region of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), mimicking the key binding event that turns on muscle contraction...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816525/enhanced-nucleoplasmic-ca-2-signaling-in-ventricular-myocytes-from-young-hypertensive-rats
#18
Jelena Plačkić, Sebastian Preissl, Yulia Nikonova, Florentina Pluteanu, Lutz Hein, Jens Kockskämper
Arterial hypertension causes left ventricular (LV) myocyte hypertrophy. Alterations in nuclear Ca(2+) may be involved in regulation of histone acetylation, transcription and hypertrophy. Regulation of nuclear Ca(2+) in hypertension, however, is unknown. Therefore, we elucidated cellular mechanisms underlying nuclear Ca(2+) regulation in LV myocytes from hypertensive versus normotensive rats and evaluated possible consequences for Ca(2+)-dependent regulation of histone acetylation. LV myocytes and myocyte nuclei were isolated from young spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) shortly after development of hypertension...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789290/ablation-of-biglycan-attenuates-cardiac-hypertrophy-and-fibrosis-after-left-ventricular-pressure-overload
#19
Nadine Beetz, Carolin Rommel, Tilman Schnick, Elena Neumann, Achim Lother, Elsa Beatriz Monroy-Ordonez, Martin Zeeb, Sebastian Preissl, Ralf Gilsbach, Ariane Melchior-Becker, Bartosz Rylski, Monika Stoll, Liliana Schaefer, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Brigitte Stiller, Lutz Hein
AIMS: Biglycan, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, has been shown to play an important role in stabilizing fibrotic scars after experimental myocardial infarction. However, the role of biglycan in the development and regression of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and fibrosis during cardiac pressure overload and unloading remains elusive. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess the effect of biglycan on cardiac remodeling in a mouse model of left ventricular pressure overload and unloading...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789289/mtus1-silencing-promotes-e-selectin-production-through-p38-mapk-dependent-creb-ubiquitination-in-endothelial-cells
#20
Yinfang Wang, Xiuqin Dai, Youbin Liu, Jinping Li, Zongjun Liu, Peihao Yin, Jingzhou Chen, Ying Wang, Nanping Wang, Peng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Endothelial cell activation is thought to be a key event in atherosclerosis. p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) plays an important role in regulating pro-inflammatory cytokine production in endothelial cells (ECs), however, how p38 MAPK is controlled in EC activation remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of mitochondrial tumor suppressor 1 (MTUS1) on p38 MAPK activation, cytokine induction and the underlying molecular mechanisms in ECs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using qPCR and ELISA methods, we found that knockdown of MTUS1 led to a marked increase in the mRNA and protein expression of E-selectin (SELE) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 in ECs, which is accompanied with increased phosphorylation of p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182), MKK3/6 (Ser 189) and IκBα (Ser 32)...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
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