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Developmental Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893238/does-anger-regulation-mediate-the-discrimination-mental-health-link-among-mexican-origin-adolescents-a-longitudinal-mediation-analysis-using-multilevel-modeling
#1
Irene J K Park, Lijuan Wang, David R Williams, Margarita Alegría
Although prior research has consistently documented the association between racial/ethnic discrimination and poor mental health outcomes, the mechanisms that underlie this link are still unclear. The present 3-wave longitudinal study tested the mediating role of anger regulation in the discrimination-mental health link among 269 Mexican-origin adolescents (Mage = 14.1 years, SD = 1.6; 57% girls), 12 to 17 years old. Three competing anger regulation variables were tested as potential mediators: outward anger expression, anger suppression, and anger control...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893237/emergence-of-japanese-infants-prosodic-preferences-in-infant-directed-vocabulary
#2
Akiko Hayashi, Reiko Mazuka
The article examines the role of infant-directed vocabulary (IDV) in infants language acquisition, specifically addressing the question of whether IDV forms that are not prominent in adult language may nonetheless be useful to the process of acquisition. Japanese IDV offers a good test case, as IDV characteristically takes a bisyllabic H(eavy)-L(ight) form that is rare in adult speech. In 5 experiments using the Headturn Preference Procedure (HPP), 8- to 10-month-old Japanese infants, but not 4- to 6-month-olds, were found to show a preference for bisyllabic H-L words over other types of words...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893236/training-in-the-adolescent-brain-an-fmri-training-study-on-divergent-thinking
#3
Sietske W Kleibeuker, Claire E Stevenson, Laura van der Aar, Sandy Overgaauw, Anna C van Duijvenvoorde, Eveline A Crone
Prior research suggests that adolescence is a time of enhanced sensitivity for practice and learning. In this study we tested the neural correlates of divergent thinking training in 15- to 16-year-old adolescents relative to an age-matched active control group. All participants performed an alternative uses task, a valid measure to test divergent thinking, while functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) images were acquired before and after a training program. In between the 2 scanning sessions the experimental group completed 2 weeks of divergent thinking training (8 sessions) and the control group completed 2 weeks of rule switching training (8 session)...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893235/age-related-differences-in-audiovisual-interactions-of-semantically-different-stimuli
#4
Maria Pia Viggiano, Fabio Giovannelli, Fiorenza Giganti, Arianna Rossi, Tiziana Metitieri, Mohamed Rebai, Renzo Guerrini, Massimo Cincotta
Converging results have shown that adults benefit from congruent multisensory stimulation in the identification of complex stimuli, whereas the developmental trajectory of the ability to integrate multisensory inputs in children is less well understood. In this study we explored the effects of audiovisual semantic congruency on identification of visually presented stimuli belonging to different categories, using a cross-modal approach. Four groups of children ranging in age from 6 to 13 years and adults were administered an object identification task of visually presented pictures belonging to living and nonliving entities...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893234/mindful-parenting-predicts-mothers-and-infants-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-activity-during-a-dyadic-stressor
#5
Heidemarie K Laurent, Larissa G Duncan, April Lightcap, Faaiza Khan
Mindfulness in the parenting relationship has been proposed to help both parents and children better regulate stress, though this has not yet been shown at the physiological level. In this study, we tested relations between maternal mindfulness in parenting and both mothers' and their infants' hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity during a dyadic stressor 3 months later. Participants were 73 mother-infant dyads from a larger longitudinal study. At 3 months postpartum, mothers completed self-report measures of general dispositional mindfulness and parenting-specific mindfulness, as well as stressful life events...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893233/trajectories-of-victimization-in-ethnic-diaspora-immigrant-and-native-adolescents-separating-acculturation-from-development
#6
Philipp Jugert, Peter F Titzmann
This longitudinal study aimed to differentiate between acculturative and developmental processes by (a) comparing levels and change rates in victimization among ethnic German immigrants and native German adolescents in Germany and Russian Jewish immigrants in Israel, and (b) testing whether interindividual differences in victimization among immigrant youth can be explained by the same general factors as in native groups or by migration-specific factors. In addition, we tested whether or not acculturative and developmental processes interact...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854469/age-varying-associations-between-nonmarital-sexual-behavior-and-depressive-symptoms-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#7
Sara A Vasilenko
Research has demonstrated associations between adolescent sexual behavior and depressive symptoms, but no single study has examined individuals at different ages throughout adolescence and young adulthood in order to determine at what ages sexual behavior may be associated with higher or lower levels of depressive symptoms. Using nationally representative longitudinal data and an innovative method, the time-varying effect model (TVEM), which examines how the strength of an association changes over time, this study examines how nonmarital sexual intercourse is associated with depressive symptoms at different ages, which behaviors and contexts may contribute to these associations, and whether associations differ for male and female participants...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854468/the-transmission-of-attachment-across-three-generations-a-study-in-adulthood
#8
Rosalinda Cassibba, Gabrielle Coppola, Giovanna Sette, Antonietta Curci, Alessandro Costantini
One of the most striking pieces of evidence in attachment research is that attachment security is transmitted from 1 generation to the next. Although there has been an enormous advance in the understanding of this process, this area of research suffers from some significant gaps, as for example the transmission across 3 generations when considering the 2 parents as well as the 2 couples of grandparents. The current study was designed to fill this gap in existing literature by investigating AAI attachment representations in the members of 3 generations, belonging to a total of 32 families, each including an adult offspring, both parents and the 4 grandparents (N = 224)...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854467/parental-management-of-peers-and-autonomic-nervous-system-reactivity-in-predicting-adolescent-peer-relationships
#9
Kelly M Tu, Stephen A Erath, Mona El-Sheikh
The present study examined sympathetic and parasympathetic indices of autonomic nervous system reactivity as moderators of the prospective association between parental management of peers via directing of youths' friendships and peer adjustment in a sample of typically developing adolescents. Participants included 246 adolescents at Time 1 (T1) [47% boys; 66% European American (EA), 34% African American (AA)] and 226 adolescents at Time 2 (T2; 45% boys; 67% EA, 33% AA). Adolescents were approximately 16 and 17 years old at T1 and T2, respectively...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854466/the-number-line-is-a-critical-spatial-numerical-representation-evidence-from-a-fraction-intervention
#10
Noora Hamdan, Elizabeth A Gunderson
Children's ability to place fractions on a number line strongly correlates with math achievement. But does the number line play a causal role in fraction learning or does it simply index more advanced fraction knowledge? The number line may be a particularly effective representation for fraction learning because its properties align with the desired mental representation and take advantage of preexisting spatial-numeric biases. Using a pretest-training-posttest design, we examined second and third graders' fraction learning in 3 conditions: number line training, area model training, and a non-numerical control...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854465/reactive-and-proactive-interference-control-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-across-the-lifespan
#11
Anne G Lever, K Richard Ridderinkhof, Maarten Marsman, Hilde M Geurts
As a large heterogeneity is observed across studies on interference control in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), research may benefit from the use of a cognitive framework that models specific processes underlying reactive and proactive control of interference. Reactive control refers to the expression and suppression of responses and proactive control refers to the adjustment of response to previous situations. We administered a Simon conflict task in 2 independent adult samples (IQ >80) and applied distributional analyses to examine temporal dynamics of interference control in ASD...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854464/explicit-scaffolding-increases-simple-helping-in-younger-infants
#12
Audun Dahl, Emma S Satlof-Bedrick, Stuart I Hammond, Jesse K Drummond, Whitney E Waugh, Celia A Brownell
Infants become increasingly helpful during the second year. We investigated experimentally whether adults' explicit scaffolding influences this development. Infants (N = 69, 13-18 months old) participated in a series of simple helping tasks. Half of infants received explicit scaffolding (encouragement and praise), whereas the other half did not. Among younger infants (below 15 months), infants who received explicit scaffolding helped twice as often as infants in the control group, and also helped more on several subsequent trials when no scaffolding was provided...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854463/examining-the-predictive-relations-between-two-aspects-of-self-regulation-and-growth-in-preschool-children-s-early-literacy-skills
#13
Christopher J Lonigan, Darcey M Allan, Beth M Phillips
There is strong evidence that self-regulatory processes are linked to early academic skills, both concurrently and longitudinally. The majority of extant longitudinal studies, however, have been conducted using autoregressive techniques that may not accurately model change across time. The purpose of this study was to examine the unique associations between 2 components of self-regulation, attention and executive functioning (EF), and growth in early literacy skills over the preschool year using latent-growth-curve analysis...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854462/friend-influence-on-early-adolescent-disruptive-behavior-in-the-classroom-teacher-emotional-support-matters
#14
Huiyoung Shin, Allison M Ryan
This research investigated how the level of disruptive behavior and friend influence on disruptive behavior varies across classrooms in relation to teacher emotional support. Data were collected from 48 fifth- and sixth-grade classrooms (N = 879 students) and included classroom observations at Wave 1 and student reports of their disruptive behavior and peer nominations of their friends at Waves 1 and 2 (fall and spring of the school year, about 6 months apart). In the fall, there were no differences in the level of disruptive behavior between classes that were low versus high in teacher emotional support...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854461/the-development-of-spontaneous-sound-shape-matching-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-infants-during-the-first-year
#15
Jovana Pejovic, Monika Molnar
Recently it has been proposed that sensitivity to nonarbitrary relationships between speech sounds and objects potentially bootstraps lexical acquisition. However, it is currently unclear whether preverbal infants (e.g., before 6 months of age) with different linguistic profiles are sensitive to such nonarbitrary relationships. Here, the authors assessed 4- and 12-month-old Basque monolingual and Spanish-Basque bilingual infants' sensitivity to cross-modal correspondences between sound symbolic nonwords without syllable repetition (buba, kike) and drawings of rounded and angular shapes...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831703/the-spread-of-substance-use-and-delinquency-between-adolescent-twins
#16
Brett Laursen, Amy C Hartl, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Ginette Dionne, Michel Boivin
This investigation examines the spread of problem behaviors (substance use and delinquency) between twin siblings. A sample of 628 twins (151 male twin pairs and 163 female twin pairs) drawn from the Quebec Newborn Twin Study completed inventories describing delinquency and substance use at ages 13, 14, and 15. A 3-wave longitudinal actor-partner interdependence model (APIM) identified avenues whereby problem behaviors spread from one twin to another. Problems did not spread directly between twins across domains...
November 10, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831702/effects-of-a-classroom-intervention-with-spatial-play-materials-on-children-s-object-and-viewer-transformation-abilities
#17
Karin M Vander Heyden, Mariette Huizinga, Jelle Jolles
Children practice their spatial skills when playing with spatial toys, such as construction materials, board games, and puzzles. Sex and SES differences are observed in the engagement in such spatial play activities at home, which relate to individual differences in spatial performance. The current study investigated the effects of explicitly providing spatial play activities in the school setting on different types of spatial ability. We presented 8- to 10-year-old children with a short and easy-to-adopt classroom intervention comprising a set of different spatial play materials...
November 10, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819463/moderate-baseline-vagal-tone-predicts-greater-prosociality-in-children
#18
Jonas G Miller, Sarah Kahle, Paul D Hastings
Vagal tone is widely believed to be an important physiological aspect of emotion regulation and associated positive behaviors. However, there is inconsistent evidence for relations between children's baseline vagal tone and their helpful or prosocial responses to others (Hastings & Miller, 2014). Recent work in adults suggests a quadratic association (inverted U-shape curve) between baseline vagal tone and prosociality (Kogan et al., 2014). The present research examined whether this nonlinear association was evident in children...
November 7, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819462/children-coordinate-in-a-recurrent-social-dilemma-by-taking-turns-and-along-dominance-asymmetries
#19
Sebastian Grueneisen, Michael Tomasello
Humans constantly have to coordinate their decisions with others even when their interests are conflicting (e.g., when 2 drivers have to decide who yields at an intersection). So far, however, little is known about the development of these abilities. Here, we present dyads of 5-year-olds (N = 40) with a repeated chicken game using a novel methodology: Two children each steered an automated toy train carrying a reward. The trains simultaneously moved toward each other so that in order to avoid a crash-which left both children empty-handed-1 train had to swerve...
November 7, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808524/type-of-iconicity-matters-in-the-vocabulary-development-of-signing-children
#20
Gerardo Ortega, Beyza Sümer, Aslı Özyürek
Recent research on signed as well as spoken language shows that the iconic features of the target language might play a role in language development. Here, we ask further whether different types of iconic depictions modulate children's preferences for certain types of sign-referent links during vocabulary development in sign language. Results from a picture description task indicate that lexical signs with 2 possible variants are used in different proportions by deaf signers from different age groups. While preschool and school-age children favored variants representing actions associated with their referent (e...
November 3, 2016: Developmental Psychology
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