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Developmental Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407024/measuring-early-learning-and-development-across-cultures-invariance-of-the-idela-across-five-countries
#1
Peter F Halpin, Sharon Wolf, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Natalia Rojas, Sarah Kabay, Lauren Pisani, Amy Jo Dowd
Relatively little research has addressed whether conceptual frameworks of early learning generalize across different national contexts. This article reports on a cross-country measurement invariance analysis of the International Development and Early Learning Assessment (IDELA). The IDELA is a direct assessment tool for 3- to 6-year-old children, intended to measure Early Literacy, Early Numeracy, Motor, and Social-Emotional development. Its generalizability is evaluated using samples from 5 countries: Afghanistan (N = 2,629); Bolivia (N = 480); Ethiopia (N = 682); Uganda (N = 504); and Vietnam (N = 675)...
November 8, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407023/child-present-and-child-themed-marital-conflict-in-daily-life-of-parents-of-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Lauren M Papp, Sigan L Hartley
Parents of 5- to 12-year-old children (half had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder [ASD] and half were typically developing) provided reports of the most significant marital conflict of the day and ratings of child behaviors problems on a daily basis for 14 days. Mothers and fathers in the ASD group reported having more conflicts in daily life with any children present and more conflicts with the target child present than their counterparts with typically developing children did. Fathers (but not mothers) in the ASD group reported more conflicts as including child-related themes, although parents across the groups did not differ in their reporting marital conflict that specifically discussed the study's target child...
November 8, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407022/memory-for-temporal-order-in-action-is-slow-developing-sensitive-to-deviant-input-and-supported-by-foundational-cognitive-processes
#3
Jeff Loucks, Heather L Price
Executing actions in a specific order is a critical component of many action sequences that children must acquire, the majority of which are learned through observation and imitation of others. Although a wealth of evidence indicates that children can process and represent temporal order in memory, relatively little is known about the development of this ability and the cognitive mechanisms that support it in the context of imitation. The present research investigated 4- through 8-year-old children's ability to learn the temporal order of novel, arbitrary action sequences via imitation...
November 8, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382718/evidence-for-childhood-origins-of-conscientiousness-testing-a-developmental-path-from-toddler-age-to-adolescence
#4
Sanghag Kim, Grazyna Kochanska
We tested empirically a theoretical model of early origins of conscientiousness proposed by Eisenberg, Duckworth, Spinrad, and Valiente (2014). The model posited a developmental interplay between children's early effortful control (EC) and internalized or committed compliance with parents as leading to future conscientiousness. We followed a community sample of 102 community mothers, fathers, and children from toddlerhood to adolescence. Observers coded children's EC in batteries of behavioral tasks (at ages 2 and 3) and committed compliance in lengthy discipline interactions with each parent, observed from preschool to early school age (at ages 4...
November 1, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382717/learning-to-ignore-the-development-of-time-based-visual-attention-in-children
#5
Zorana Zupan, Elisabeth Blagrove, Derrick G Watson
Adults can ignore old and prioritize newly arriving visual stimuli, enabling optimal goal-directed search (visual marking; Watson & Humphreys, 1997). However, the ability to use time of appearance to enhance visual search is currently absent in work on attentional development in children. Experiment 1 examined children's (6-, 8-, and 12-year-olds) and adults' ability to ignore old and prioritize new stimuli and the relationship of this ability to executive functions. Experiment 2 examined whether the components involved in ignoring old items (encoding and maintenance) change across age, by presenting old stimuli for relatively short (500 ms), medium (1,000 ms) or long (1,500 ms) durations...
November 1, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372096/terminal-change-across-facets-of-affective-experience-and-domain-satisfaction-commonalities-differences-and-bittersweet-emotions-at-the-end-of-life
#6
Denis Gerstorf, Gizem Hülür, Gert G Wagner, Ute Kunzmann, Nilam Ram
General well-being is known to deteriorate sharply at the end of life. However, it is an open question how rates of terminal change differ across affective and evaluative facets of well-being and if individual difference correlates operate in facet-specific ways. We examined how discrete affective states (happy, angry, fearful, sad) and satisfaction with key life domains (health, leisure, family) change as people approach death and how differences in end-of-life trajectories are related to sociodemographic (age, gender, education), physical health (disability, body mass index, physician visits), and psychosocial characteristics (perceived control, social orientation, living with a partner)...
October 29, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372095/the-family-and-peer-origins-of-coercion-within-adult-romantic-relationships-a-longitudinal-multimethod-study-across-relationships-contexts
#7
Thao Ha, Roy Otten, Shannon McGill, Thomas J Dishion
Using coercive strategies to resolve conflicts with romantic partners has toxic effects on relationships. Coercion predicts relationship dissatisfaction, instability, and intimate partner violence. The early adult romantic relationships model hypothesizes that such strategies first emerge within the family and continue to affect romantic relationships into adulthood. We tested whether adolescent antisocial behaviors and deviancy training with peers mediated between early disruptive parenting and adult romantic relationship coercion...
October 29, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359061/changes-in-genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-cognitive-ability-executive-function-and-preacademic-skills-in-japanese-preschool-age-twins
#8
Keiko K Fujisawa, Naoya Todo, Juko Ando
Identifying the cognitive capacities associated with the development of school readiness is indispensable to support children's successful school transition. It has been shown that executive function (EF) in preschoolers is associated with both concurrent preacademic and subsequent academic skills. However, most research has controlled for the effect of general cognitive ability (GCA), and little research has examined non-English speaking children, which hinders the understanding of the development of school readiness in culturally diverse contexts...
October 25, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359060/amygdala-reactivity-as-a-marker-of-differential-susceptibility-to-socioeconomic-resources-during-early-adulthood
#9
Arianna M Gard, Daniel S Shaw, Erika E Forbes, Luke W Hyde
Models of differential susceptibility hypothesize that neural function may be a marker of differential susceptibility to context, but no studies have tested this hypothesis. Using a sample of 310 young men from low-income urban neighborhoods, this study investigated amygdala reactivity to facial expressions as a moderator of the relations between socioeconomic resources and later antisocial behavior (AB) and income. For individuals with high amygdala reactivity, greater socioeconomic resources at age 20 predicted less AB and greater income at age 22...
October 25, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359059/language-status-at-age-3-group-and-individual-prediction-from-vocabulary-comprehension-in-the-second-year
#10
Margaret Friend, Erin Smolak, Tamara Patrucco-Nanchen, Diane Poulin-Dubois, Pascal Zesiger
The present research extends recent work on the prediction of preschool language skills by exploring prediction from decontextualized vocabulary comprehension. Vocabulary comprehension was a stronger predictor than parent-reported production, yielding a quadrupling of variance accounted for relative to prior studies. Parallel studies (Studies 1 and 2) are reported for two linguistically and geographically distinct samples. In both samples, decontextualized vocabulary comprehension late in the second year provided the best balance between model fit and parsimony in predicting language skills at age three...
October 25, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359058/the-multisensory-attention-assessment-protocol-maap-characterizing-individual-differences-in-multisensory-attention-skills-in-infants-and-children-and-relations-with-language-and-cognition
#11
Lorraine E Bahrick, James Torrence Todd, Kasey C Soska
Multisensory attention skills provide a crucial foundation for early cognitive, social, and language development, yet there are no fine-grained, individual difference measures of these skills appropriate for preverbal children. The Multisensory Attention Assessment Protocol (MAAP) fills this need. In a single video-based protocol requiring no language skills, the MAAP assesses individual differences in three fundamental building blocks of attention to multisensory events-the duration of attention maintenance, the accuracy of intersensory (audiovisual) matching, and the speed of shifting-for both social and nonsocial events, in the context of high and low competing visual stimulation...
October 25, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359057/3-and-5-year-old-children-s-adherence-to-explicit-and-implicit-joint-commitments
#12
Ulrike Kachel, Michael Tomasello
The problem with collaboration is that there are temptations to defect. Explicit joint commitments are designed to mitigate some of the risks, but people also feel committed to others implicitly when they both know together that they each hold the other's fate in their hands. In the current study, pairs of 3-year-old and 5-year-old children ( N = 192) played a collaborative game. One child was offered individual rewards (bribed) to opt out of the collaboration. In 3 different conditions, the level of the commitment was manipulated...
October 25, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359056/social-statistics-children-use-statistical-reasoning-to-guide-their-inferences-about-the-scope-of-social-behavior
#13
Anne E Riggs
To acquire social conventional knowledge, children must distinguish between behaviors that are practiced by groups of people versus those that are practiced by individuals. How do children infer the scope (i.e., level of generality) of social behavior? Prior work has addressed this question by focusing on the cues or instruction that adults provide to children. The current research takes a novel approach by examining whether children form scope inferences on the basis of statistical evidence alone. Two studies with 4- to 5-year-olds ( N = 70) and 7- to 8-year-olds ( N = 40) investigated whether children track and integrate different forms of statistical evidence to infer the scope of social behaviors...
October 25, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359055/family-stress-processes-and-drug-and-alcohol-use-by-mexican-american-adolescents
#14
Monica J Martin, Rand D Conger, Richard W Robins
The present study examines the influence of economic and family stress processes on change in drug and alcohol use in a cohort of 478 Mexican American youth (50.8% female) followed longitudinally beginning in Grade 5 when the youth averaged 10.4 years of age. Adolescents, their mothers (median age 36 at Grade 5), and their fathers (median age 39 at Grade 5) were assessed on economic hardship (Grades 5 through 7), family stress processes (Grades 5 through 9), and adolescent substance use (Grades 7 through 9)...
October 25, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346188/assessing-individual-differences-in-the-speed-and-accuracy-of-intersensory-processing-in-young-children-the-intersensory-processing-efficiency-protocol
#15
Lorraine E Bahrick, Kasey C Soska, James Torrence Todd
Detecting intersensory redundancy guides cognitive, social, and language development. Yet, researchers lack fine-grained, individual difference measures needed for studying how early intersensory skills lead to later outcomes. The intersensory processing efficiency protocol (IPEP) addresses this need. Across a number of brief trials, participants must find a sound-synchronized visual target event (social, nonsocial) amid five visual distractor events, simulating the "noisiness" of natural environments...
October 22, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335435/development-of-adaptive-communication-skills-in-infants-of-blind-parents
#16
Nataşa Ganea, Kristelle Hudry, Angélina Vernetti, Leslie Tucker, Tony Charman, Mark H Johnson, Atsushi Senju
A fundamental question about the development of communication behavior in early life is how infants acquire adaptive communication behavior that is well-suited to their individual social environment, and how the experience of parent-child communication affects this development. The current study investigated how infants develop communication skills when their parents are visually impaired and cannot see their infants' eye gaze. We analyzed 6-min video recordings of naturalistic interaction between 14 sighted infants of blind parents (SIBP) with (a) their blind parent, and (b) a sighted experimenter...
October 18, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335434/maternal-sensitive-guidance-during-reminiscing-in-the-context-of-child-maltreatment-implications-for-child-self-regulatory-processes
#17
Ruth Speidel, Kristin Valentino, Christina G McDonnell, E Mark Cummings, Kaitlin Fondren
The manner in which mothers engage in emotional discussion, or reminisce, with their young children about past emotional experiences poses important ramifications for child socioemotional and cognitive development. Maltreating mothers may have difficulty engaging in emotionally supportive reminiscing. The current study examined the role of maternal sensitive guidance during reminiscing as a process variable that may explain associations between child maltreatment and 3 child self-regulatory dimensions: lability/negativity, emotion regulation, and inhibitory control...
October 18, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335433/a-longitudinal-study-of-link-between-exposure-to-violent-video-games-and-aggression-in-chinese-adolescents-the-mediating-role-of-moral-disengagement
#18
Zhaojun Teng, Qian Nie, Cheng Guo, Qian Zhang, Yanling Liu, Brad J Bushman
Although adolescents around the world play video games, little is known about their longitudinal effects on adolescents from Eastern countries. This large longitudinal violent video game study has 4 strengths. First, it is the first longitudinal study conducted with Chinese adolescents. Second, it examines moral disengagement as a possible mediating variable. Because violent video games reward immoral behaviors (e.g., stealing cars, killing characters), they might lead players to believe immoral behaviors are "no big deal...
October 18, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335432/mothers-and-fathers-parenting-and-longitudinal-associations-with-children-s-observed-distress-to-limitations-from-pregnancy-to-toddlerhood
#19
Dana Vertsberger, Ariel Knafo-Noam
Unraveling factors that influence parenting is of great importance, since parents play an important role in their children's development. In this study we focused on parental prenatal expectations, parents' gender and child's distress to limitations as possible influences on parental behavior and observed the longitudinal associations between mothers' and fathers' parenting and their children's distress to limitations. The first wave of the study took place during early pregnancy, while the second and third waves took place when the children were 9 and 18 months old, respectively...
October 18, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335431/out-of-balance-positivity-negativity-ratios-in-couples-interaction-impact-child-adjustment
#20
Martina Zemp, Matthew D Johnson, Guy Bodenmann
Parental conflict is a well-established predictor of child maladjustment. Most research, however, has not considered how the couple's positivity-negativity interaction ratio (i.e., the ability to compensate for negative behaviors with positive) may be linked with child adjustment. We examined interparental positivity-negativity interaction ratios reported by one partner as a predictor of child self-reported internalizing and externalizing problems using 3 waves of survey data gathered from 809 families across 5 years in the German Family Panel (pairfam) study...
October 18, 2018: Developmental Psychology
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