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Developmental Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221051/development-of-fraction-comparison-strategies-a-latent-transition-analysis
#1
Luke F Rinne, Ai Ye, Nancy C Jordan
The present study investigated the development of fraction comparison strategies through a longitudinal analysis of children's responses to a fraction comparison task in 4th through 6th grades (N = 394). Participants were asked to choose the larger value for 24 fraction pairs blocked by fraction type. Latent class analysis of performance over item blocks showed that most children initially exhibited a "whole number bias," indicating that larger numbers in numerators and denominators produce larger fraction values...
February 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221050/young-children-s-understanding-of-the-limits-and-benefits-of-group-ownership
#2
Michelle Huh, Ori Friedman
Group ownership is ubiquitous-property is owned by countries, corporations, families, and clubs. However, people cannot understand group ownership by simply relying on their conceptions of ownership by individuals, as group ownership is subject to complexities that do not arise when property is individually owned. We report 6 experiments investigating whether children ages 3 to 6 (N = 540) understand group ownership. In Experiments 1 and 2 children were asked who different objects belong to, and they appropriately judged that certain objects are more likely to belong to a group than to individual people...
February 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221049/childhood-gender-typed-behavior-and-adolescent-sexual-orientation-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#3
Gu Li, Karson T F Kung, Melissa Hines
Lesbian and gay individuals have been reported to show more interest in other-sex, and/or less interest in same-sex, toys, playmates, and activities in childhood than heterosexual counterparts. Yet, most of the relevant evidence comes from retrospective studies or from prospective studies of clinically referred, extremely gender nonconforming children. In addition, findings are mixed regarding the relation between childhood gender-typed behavior and the later sexual orientation spectrum from exclusively heterosexual to exclusively lesbian/gay...
February 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182453/action-at-its-place-contextual-settings-enhance-action-recognition-in-4-to-8-year-old-children
#4
Moritz F Wurm, Christina Artemenko, Daniela Giuliani, Ricarda I Schubotz
Actions are recognized faster and with higher accuracy when they take place in their typical environments. It is unclear, however, when contextual cues from the environment become effectively exploited during childhood and whether contextual integration interacts with other factors such as children's perceptual or motor experience with an action. In the present experiment, we asked 4- to 8-year-olds (n = 159) to recognize pantomime actions that took place in compatible, incompatible, or neutral contextual settings...
February 9, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165254/pathways-between-self-esteem-and-depression-in-couples
#5
Matthew D Johnson, Nancy L Galambos, Christine Finn, Franz J Neyer, Rebecca M Horne
Guided by concepts from a relational developmental perspective, this study examined intra- and interpersonal associations between self-esteem and depressive symptoms in a sample of 1,407 couples surveyed annually across 6 years in the Panel Analysis of Intimate Relations and Family Dynamics (pairfam) study. Autoregressive cross-lagged model results demonstrated that self-esteem predicted future depressive symptoms for male partners at all times, replicating the vulnerability model for men (low self-esteem is a risk factor for future depression)...
February 6, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165253/working-memory-training-in-typically-developing-children-a-meta-analysis-of-the-available-evidence
#6
Giovanni Sala, Fernand Gobet
The putative effectiveness of working memory (WM) training at enhancing cognitive and academic skills is still ardently debated. Several researchers have claimed that WM training fosters not only skills such as visuospatial WM and short-term memory (STM), but also abilities outside the domain of WM, such as fluid intelligence and mathematics. Other researchers, while acknowledging the positive effect of WM training on WM-related cognitive skills, are much more pessimistic about the ability of WM training to improve other cognitive and academic skills...
February 6, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134538/correction-to-meeus-2016
#7
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Adolescent psychosocial development: A review of longitudinal models and research" by Wim Meeus (Developmental Psychology, 2016[Dec], Vol 52[12], 1969-1993). In the original article, the following headings were inadvertently set at the wrong level: Prediction Models, Developmental Sequence Models, and Gender Differences, Adolescent Psychopathology and Adolescent Relationships, Parent-adolescent and peer relationships., The impact of implicit parenting: parents as models., and Adolescent psychopathology and independence from parents...
January 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080082/parenting-and-later-substance-use-among-mexican-origin-youth-moderation-by-preference-for-a-common-language
#8
Thomas J Schofield, Rosa I Toro, Ross D Parke, Jeffrey T Cookston, William V Fabricius, Scott Coltrane
The primary goal of the current study was to test whether parent and adolescent preference for a common language moderates the association between parenting and rank-order change over time in offspring substance use. A sample of Mexican-origin 7th-grade adolescents (Mage = 12.5 years, N = 194, 52% female) was measured longitudinally on use of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana. Mothers, fathers, and adolescents all reported on consistent discipline and monitoring of adolescents. Both consistent discipline and monitoring predicted relative decreases in substance use into early adulthood but only among parent-offspring dyads who expressed preference for the same language (either English or Spanish)...
January 12, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045283/classroom-level-adversity-associations-with-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-across-elementary-school
#9
Tashia Abry, Crystal I Bryce, Jodi Swanson, Robert H Bradley, Richard A Fabes, Robert F Corwyn
Concerns regarding the social-behavioral maladjustment of U.S. youth have spurred efforts among educators and policymakers to identify and remedy educational contexts that exacerbate children's anxiety, depression, aggression, and misconduct. However, investigations of the influence of collective classroom student characteristics on individuals' social-behavioral functioning are few. The present study examined concurrent and longitudinal relations between adversity factors facing the collective classroom student group and levels of children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors across the elementary school years, and whether the pattern of relations differed for girls and boys...
January 2, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977224/scientific-thinking-in-elementary-school-children-s-social-cognition-and-their-epistemological-understanding-promote-experimentation-skills
#10
Christopher Osterhaus, Susanne Koerber, Beate Sodian
Do social cognition and epistemological understanding promote elementary school children's experimentation skills? To investigate this question, 402 children (ages 8, 9, and 10) in 2nd, 3rd, and 4th grades were assessed for their experimentation skills, social cognition (advanced theory of mind [AToM]), epistemological understanding (understanding the nature of science), and general information-processing skills (inhibition, intelligence, and language abilities) in a whole-class testing procedure. A multiple indicators multiple causes model revealed a significant influence of social cognition (AToM) on epistemological understanding, and a McNemar test suggested that children's development of AToM is an important precursor for the emergence of an advanced, mature epistemological understanding...
December 15, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936822/neighborhood-and-school-ethnic-structuring-and-cultural-adaptations-among-mexican-origin-adolescents
#11
Rebecca M B White, Kimberly A Updegraff, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Katharine H Zeiders, Norma Perez-Brena, Elizabeth Burleson
The ethnic and racial structuring of U.S. neighborhoods may have important implications for developmental competencies during adolescence, including the development of heritage and mainstream cultural orientations. In particular, living in highly concentrated Latino neighborhoods during early adolescence-which channels adolescents into related school environments-may promote retention of the ethnic or heritage culture, but it also may constrain adaptation to the mainstream U.S. culture. We tested these hypotheses longitudinally in a sample of 246 Mexican origin adolescents (50...
December 12, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918170/does-language-help-regularity-learning-the-influence-of-verbalizations-on-implicit-sequential-regularity-learning-and-the-emergence-of-explicit-knowledge-in-children-younger-and-older-adults
#12
Nicola K Ferdinand, Jutta Kray
This study aimed at investigating the ability to learn regularities across the life span and examine whether this learning process can be supported or hampered by verbalizations. For this purpose, children (aged 8-10 years) and younger (aged 19-30 years) and older (aged 70-80 years) adults took part in a sequence learning experiment. We found that verbalizing sequence-congruent information during learning is a powerful tool to generate explicit knowledge and it is especially helpful for younger adults. Although recent research suggests that implicit learning can be influenced by directing the participants' attention to relevant aspects of the task, verbalizations had a much weaker influence on implicit than explicit learning...
December 5, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893236/training-in-the-adolescent-brain-an-fmri-training-study-on-divergent-thinking
#13
Sietske W Kleibeuker, Claire E Stevenson, Laura van der Aar, Sandy Overgaauw, Anna C van Duijvenvoorde, Eveline A Crone
Prior research suggests that adolescence is a time of enhanced sensitivity for practice and learning. In this study we tested the neural correlates of divergent thinking training in 15- to 16-year-old adolescents relative to an age-matched active control group. All participants performed an alternative uses task, a valid measure to test divergent thinking, while functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) images were acquired before and after a training program. In between the 2 scanning sessions the experimental group completed 2 weeks of divergent thinking training (8 sessions) and the control group completed 2 weeks of rule switching training (8 session)...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893234/mindful-parenting-predicts-mothers-and-infants-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-activity-during-a-dyadic-stressor
#14
Heidemarie K Laurent, Larissa G Duncan, April Lightcap, Faaiza Khan
Mindfulness in the parenting relationship has been proposed to help both parents and children better regulate stress, though this has not yet been shown at the physiological level. In this study, we tested relations between maternal mindfulness in parenting and both mothers' and their infants' hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity during a dyadic stressor 3 months later. Participants were 73 mother-infant dyads from a larger longitudinal study. At 3 months postpartum, mothers completed self-report measures of general dispositional mindfulness and parenting-specific mindfulness, as well as stressful life events...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893233/trajectories-of-victimization-in-ethnic-diaspora-immigrant-and-native-adolescents-separating-acculturation-from-development
#15
Philipp Jugert, Peter F Titzmann
This longitudinal study aimed to differentiate between acculturative and developmental processes by (a) comparing levels and change rates in victimization among ethnic German immigrants and native German adolescents in Germany and Russian Jewish immigrants in Israel, and (b) testing whether interindividual differences in victimization among immigrant youth can be explained by the same general factors as in native groups or by migration-specific factors. In addition, we tested whether or not acculturative and developmental processes interact...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165263/-does-anger-regulation-mediate-the-discrimination-mental-health-link-among-mexican-origin-adolescents-a-longitudinal-mediation-analysis-using-multilevel-modeling-correction-to-park-et-al-2016
#16
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Does Anger Regulation Mediate the Discrimination-Mental Health Link Among Mexican-Origin Adolescents? A Longitudinal Mediation Analysis Using Multilevel Modeling" by Irene J. K. Park, Lijuan Wang, David R. Williams and Margarita Alegría (Developmental Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Nov 28, 2016, np). In the article, there were several typographical errors in the Recruitment and Procedures section. The percentage of mothers who responded to survey items should have been 99.3%...
February 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893238/does-anger-regulation-mediate-the-discrimination-mental-health-link-among-mexican-origin-adolescents-a-longitudinal-mediation-analysis-using-multilevel-modeling
#17
Irene J K Park, Lijuan Wang, David R Williams, Margarita Alegría
[Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 53(2) of Developmental Psychology (see record 2017-04475-001). In the article, there were several typographical errors in the Recruitment and Procedures section. The percentage of mothers who responded to survey items should have been 99.3%. Additionally, the youths surveyed at T2 and T3 should have been n 246. Accordingly, the percentage of youths surveyed in T2 and T3 should have been 91.4% and the percentage of mothers surveyed at T2 and T3 should have been 90...
February 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854469/age-varying-associations-between-nonmarital-sexual-behavior-and-depressive-symptoms-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#18
Sara A Vasilenko
Research has demonstrated associations between adolescent sexual behavior and depressive symptoms, but no single study has examined individuals at different ages throughout adolescence and young adulthood in order to determine at what ages sexual behavior may be associated with higher or lower levels of depressive symptoms. Using nationally representative longitudinal data and an innovative method, the time-varying effect model (TVEM), which examines how the strength of an association changes over time, this study examines how nonmarital sexual intercourse is associated with depressive symptoms at different ages, which behaviors and contexts may contribute to these associations, and whether associations differ for male and female participants...
February 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819463/moderate-baseline-vagal-tone-predicts-greater-prosociality-in-children
#19
Jonas G Miller, Sarah Kahle, Paul D Hastings
Vagal tone is widely believed to be an important physiological aspect of emotion regulation and associated positive behaviors. However, there is inconsistent evidence for relations between children's baseline vagal tone and their helpful or prosocial responses to others (Hastings & Miller, 2014). Recent work in adults suggests a quadratic association (inverted U-shape curve) between baseline vagal tone and prosociality (Kogan et al., 2014). The present research examined whether this nonlinear association was evident in children...
February 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026196/unresolved-loss-a-risk-factor-for-offspring-predicts-event-related-potential-responses-to-death-related-imagery
#20
Naomi I Gribneau Bahm, Emiliana R Simon-Thomas, Mary Main, Erik Hesse
This study investigates whether individual differences in attachment status can be detected by electrophysiological responses to loss-themed pictures. The Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) was used to identify discourse/reasoning lapses during the discussion of loss experiences via death that place speakers in the Unresolved/disorganized AAI category. In parents, Unresolved AAI status has been associated with Disorganized infant Strange Situation response, a known risk factor for psychopathology (e.g., internalizing/externalizing/dissociation)...
January 2017: Developmental Psychology
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