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Journal of Communication Disorders

Miguel Galeote, Elena Checa, Eugenia Sebastián, Mª Auxiliadora Robles-Bello
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to analyze the acquisition of different classes of words in Spanish-speaking children with Down syndrome (DS), with special emphasis on nouns and verbs. A second objective was to compare the results obtained with those reported by Checa et al. (2016), who used a different measure to study vocabulary composition. METHOD: We studied 108 children with DS and 108 children with typical development (TD), with mental ages between 9 and 29 months (DS M = 21;26 months;days, TD M = 20;23) and chronological ages between 8;24 and 68;19 months;days (mean = 41;11 and 20;19 for DS and TD, respectively)...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Steven R Cox, Philip C Doyle
PURPOSE: To determine the influence of clear speech on auditory-perceptual judgments of speech acceptability and listener comfort for electrolaryngeal speech. METHOD: Voice recordings were obtained from 10 electrolaryngeal speakers. Each speaker read the Rainbow Passage in two conditions: habitual speech and clear speech. Speakers were encouraged to speak as clearly as possible and over-articulate in the clear speech condition. Auditory-perceptual rating tasks were completed by 20 normal-hearing adults who evaluated 20 randomized voice recordings...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Linda J Spencer, Marc Marschark, Elizabeth Machmer, Andreana Durkin, Georgianna Borgna, Carol Convertino
Objectively measured speech reception, speech production and expressive and receptive sign skills were compared with the self-assessment ratings of those skills in 96 college students with hearing loss. Participants with no aidable hearing used cochlear implants (CIs) or nothing. Participants with aidable hearing used either hearing aids (HAs) or nothing. Results revealed that individuals using CIs had speech reception and production skills that were as good as or better than students with more hearing who used HAs...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Ellen Van Den Heuvel, Eric Manders, Ann Swillen, Inge Zink
BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a genetic condition associated with a highly variable phenotypic expression. During childhood speech and language deficits are commonly observed. Findings of cross-sectional studies suggest syndrome-specific and changing language profiles, but a longitudinal approach to identify developmental changes is still lacking to date. AIMS: The present study aimed to delineate language characteristics and trajectories by comparing the performance of Dutch-speaking school-aged children with 22q11...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Kelly Rombough, Rosalind Thornton
PURPOSE: The goal of the present study was to investigate whether children with specific language impairment (SLI) obey the constraint on contraction with the verb BE in three linguistic contexts: ellipsis, yes/no questions and embedded questions. METHOD: Using elicited production methodology, a total of 51 children were tested: 17 children with SLI (mean age = 5;6); 17 language-matched children matched on mean length of utterance (mean age = 3;6) and 17 children age-matched children (mean age = 5;4)...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
F M Bosco, I Gabbatore, R Angeleri, M Zettin, A Parola
Quality of life and social integration are strongly influenced by the ability to communicate and previous research has shown that pragmatic ability can be specifically impaired in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). In addition, TBI usually results in damage to the frontotemporal lobes with a consequent impairment of cognitive functions, i.e., attention, memory, executive function (EF) and theory of mind (ToM). The role of the underlying cognitive deficits in determining the communicative-pragmatic difficulties of an individual with TBI is not yet completely clear...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Raymond D Kent, Houri K Vorperian
PURPOSE: Data on vowel formants have been derived primarily from static measures representing an assumed steady state. This review summarizes data on formant frequencies and bandwidths for American English and also addresses (a) sources of variability (focusing on speech sample and time sampling point), and (b) methods of data reduction such as vowel area and dispersion. METHOD: Searches were conducted with CINAHL, Google Scholar, MEDLINE/PubMed, SCOPUS, and other online sources including legacy articles and references...
July 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Laura S DeThorne, Stephanie Ceman
This tutorial provides professionals in communication sciences and disorders with an overview of the molecular basis and parental perceptions of genetic testing as associated with autism. The introduction notes the prominence of genetic testing within present-day medical practices and highlights related limitations and concerns through the lens of disability critique. The body of the tutorial provides an overview of four different forms of genetic variation, highlighting the potential associations with autism and available genetic testing...
July 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Anja Starke
Although bilingual children are thought to be at higher risk for selective mutism (SM), little is known about the development of SM in this population. This study investigates the effects of children's anxiety and language skills and parents' cultural adaptation on the development of SM. 15 bilingual (11 mute, 4 speaking at the beginning of the study) and 15 monolingual children (7 mute, 8 speaking at the beginning of the study) between the ages of 3 years and 5 years 8 months were assessed longitudinally over a 9-month period...
July 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Stephanie Durrleman, Wolfram Hinzen, Julie Franck
Previous studies have suggested sentential complementation is the crucial ingredient of language that relates to false-belief (FB) reasoning, while the role of relative clauses (RCs) is less clear. Nevertheless, under the hypothesis that clausal embedding has a meta-representational effect, arguably implied in FB, one expects a link between FB and not only complementation but also relativization. Seventeen children with ASD (6 to 16 years, mean age 9;2) were assessed for RCs and FB. Comprehension of RCs significantly predicted FB performance, while none of the controlled factors played a predictive role (comprehension of simple sentences, vocabulary, morpho-syntax and working memory)...
July 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Nalanda Chakraborty, Kenneth J Logan
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of measurement method and transcript availability on the accuracy, reliability, and efficiency of inexperienced raters' stuttering frequency measurements. METHOD: 44 adults, all inexperienced at evaluating stuttered speech, underwent 20 min of preliminary training in stuttering measurement and then analyzed a series of sentences, with and without access to transcripts of sentence stimuli, using either a syllable-based analysis (SBA) or an utterance-based analysis (UBA)...
July 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Areej Nimer Asad, Suzanne C Purdy, Elaine Ballard, Liz Fairgray, Caroline Bowen
PURPOSE: In this descriptive study, phonological processes were examined in the speech of children aged 5;0-7;6 (years; months) with mild to profound hearing loss using hearing aids (HAs) and cochlear implants (CIs), in comparison to their peers. A second aim was to compare phonological processes of HA and CI users. METHOD: Children with hearing loss (CWHL, N = 25) were compared to children with normal hearing (CWNH, N = 30) with similar age, gender, linguistic, and socioeconomic backgrounds...
July 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Neda Tahmasebi, Bijan Shafie, Hamid Karimi, Masood Mazaheri
PURPOSE: The fourth version of the Stuttering Severity Instrument (SSI-4) has been available since 2009. It has some modifications and new features which make it more appropriate at least for clinical practice, although further documentation is needed. The objective of the current research was to translate SSI-4 into Persian language and to discuss its relative and absolute reliability as well as its criterion validity for Persian adults who stutter (PWS). We also aimed to study how the new subjective self-reports of the SSI-4 complement the stuttering severity score obtained from the SSI-3 or the SSI-4...
July 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Sandra Gauthier, Joanne LeBlanc, Alena Seresova, Andréanne Laberge-Poirier, José A Correa, Abdulrahman Y Alturki, Judith Marcoux, Mohammed Maleki, Mitra Feyz, Elaine de Guise
BACKGROUND: Communication impairment following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been well documented, yet information regarding communication skills in the acute period following the injury is limited in the literature. Also, little is known about the influence of TBI severity (mild, moderate or severe) on cognitive-communication impairments and how these impairments are related to short-term functional outcome. The goal of this study was to assess the performance of adults with mild, moderate and severe TBI on different language tests and to determine how this performance is related to functional capacity...
May 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Kerstin M Tönsing, Karin van Niekerk, Georg I Schlünz, Ilana Wilken
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, many persons in need of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) come from multilingual backgrounds. There is as yet a limited evidence base (locally and internationally) for the provision of AAC services to multilingual populations. The perspectives of service providers can assist in gaining an understanding of current practices and the factors that influence these. AIMS: The study aimed to obtain the perspectives of AAC service providers about practices in providing AAC systems and AAC intervention to clients from multilingual backgrounds...
May 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Soile Loukusa, Leena Mäkinen, Sanna Kuusikko-Gauffin, Hanna Ebeling, Eeva Leinonen
By utilizing the Pragma test this study investigated how sixteen five- to ten-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and sixteen typically developing (TD) children comprehended contextually challenging scenarios demanding 1) contextual inference with theory of mind (ToM), 2) contextual inference without ToM, 3) relevant use of language, 4) recognition of feelings, and 5) understanding false beliefs. The study also compared children's ability to explain their own correct answers. In addition, this study evaluated the sensitivity of three different methods for discriminating the children with ASD from the TD children: 1) the Pragma test, 2) the Social Interaction Deviance Composite (SIDC) of Children's Communication Checklist-2 (CCC-2), and 3) the Theory of Mind subtest of the Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment, Second edition (NEPSY-II)...
May 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Michael P Boyle
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to (1) document the experiences of enacted stigma (external stigma, experienced discrimination) and felt stigma (anticipation and expectation of discrimination or negative treatment by others) in adults who stutter, (2) investigate their relationships to each other, and (3) investigate their relationships to global mental health. METHOD: Participants were 324 adults who stutter recruited from clinicians and self-help group leaders in the United States...
May 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Kathleen F Nagle, Tanya L Eadie
PURPOSE: Perceived listening effort is a perceptual dimension used to identify the amount of work necessary to understand disordered speech. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of perceived listening effort to provide unique information about disordered speech. The relationships between perceived listening effort and two current outcome measures (speech acceptability, intelligibility) were examined for listeners rating electrolaryngeal speech, along with their reliability and intra-rater agreement...
May 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Kerry Danahy Ebert
Few studies have explored clinician-client relationships in speech-language treatment for children, although evidence indicates that these relationships may be important. Parents play a unique role in clinician-client relationships and their views have yet to be considered in the speech-language pathology literature. This study explored parents' perspectives on the clinician-client relationship in speech-language treatment for children using both quantitative and qualitative information. An online survey collected responses from 159 parents with children enrolled in speech-language services...
May 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Allan McGroarty, Rebecca McCartan
PURPOSE: Although considerable efforts have been made to investigate the effectiveness of pharmacological treatments for stuttering, little is known about how the stuttering community perceives these treatments. This study aimed to assess and quantify beliefs regarding pharmacotherapy for adults who stutter and to establish whether behavioural intentions to undertake treatment were related to these beliefs. METHOD: An adapted version of the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire was completed by adults who stutter...
May 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
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