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Journal of Communication Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268109/perception-of-intelligibility-and-qualities-of-non-native-accented-speakers
#1
Akiko Fuse, Yuliya Navichkova, Krysteena Alloggio
PURPOSE: To provide effective treatment to clients, speech-language pathologists must be understood, and be perceived to demonstrate the personal qualities necessary for therapeutic practice (e.g., resourcefulness and empathy). One factor that could interfere with the listener's perception of non-native speech is the speaker's accent. The current study explored the relationship between how accurately listeners could understand non-native speech and their perceptions of personal attributes of the speaker...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306068/the-speech-perception-skills-of-children-with-and-without-speech-sound-disorder
#2
Stephanie Hearnshaw, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro
PURPOSE: To investigate whether Australian-English speaking children with and without speech sound disorder (SSD) differ in their overall speech perception accuracy. Additionally, to investigate differences in the perception of specific phonemes and the association between speech perception and speech production skills. METHOD: Twenty-five Australian-English speaking children aged 48-60 months participated in this study. The SSD group included 12 children and the typically developing (TD) group included 13 children...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274509/retelling-stories-grammatical-and-lexical-measures-for-identifying-monolingual-spanish-speaking-children-with-specific-language-impairment-sli
#3
Alejandra Auza B, Mary Towle Harmon, Chiharu Murata
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) have grammatical and lexical difficulties when telling stories. The aim of this work was to explore whether language productivity measures, such as mean length of utterance (MLU), percentage of ungrammatical sentences (%UGS), total number of words (TNW), and number of different words (NDW) produced by young children during a story retell task, can be used to accurately differentiate monolingual Spanish-speaking children with SLI from children with typical language development (TLD)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223491/a-study-of-vhi-scores-and-acoustic-features-in-street-vendors-as-occupational-voice-users
#4
Yaser S Natour, Wesam B Darawsheh, Sara Bashiti, Majd Wari, Juhayna Taha, Thair Odeh
PURPOSE: to investigate acoustic features of phonation and perception of voice handicap in street vendors. METHODS: Eighty-eight participants (44 street vendors, 44 controls) were recruited. The mean age of the group was 38.9±16.0 years (range: 20-78 years). Scores of the Arabic version of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI-Arab) were used for analysis. Acoustic measures of fundamental frequency (F0), jitter, shimmer, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were also analyzed...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223490/implicit-causality-bias-in-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Haley C Dresang, Lyn S Turkstra
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury often experience impairments in pragmatic language functions. Pragmatic language has been studied primarily in connected language genres such as narratives. It may be, however, that individuals with traumatic brain injury also miss microscopic cues, such as social cues embedded in single word meanings or sentence structure. The current study examined one type of sentence-level pragmatic language cue: implicit causality bias...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223492/young-children-s-family-history-of-stuttering-and-their-articulation-language-and-attentional-abilities-an-exploratory-study
#6
Dahye Choi, Edward G Conture, Victoria Tumanova, Chagit E Clark, Tedra A Walden, Robin M Jones
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether young children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) with a positive versus negative family history of stuttering differ in articulation, language and attentional abilities and family histories of articulation, language and attention related disorders. METHOD: Participants were 25 young CWS and 50 young CWNS. All 75 participants' caregivers consistently reported a positive or negative family history of stuttering across three consecutive time points that were about 8 months apart for a total of approximately 16 months...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129311/speech-disfluencies-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#7
Kurt Eggers, Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh
PURPOSE: Speech and language development in individuals with Down syndrome is often delayed and/or disordered and speech disfluencies appear to be more common. These disfluencies have been labeled over time as stuttering, cluttering or both. FINDINGS: were usually generated from studies with adults or a mixed age group, quite often using different methodologies, making it difficult to compare findings. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze and describe the speech disfluencies of a group, only consisting of children with Down Syndrome between 3 and 13 years of age...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074281/corrigendum-to-promoting-child-initiated-social-communication-in-children-with-autism-son-rise-program-intervention-effects-j-commun-disord-46-5-6-2013-495-506
#8
Kat Houghton, Julia Schuchard, Charlie Lewis, Cynthia K Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126546/changes-in-lingual-alveolar-contact-pressure-during-speech-over-six-months-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#9
Jeff Searl, Stephanie Knollhoff
PURPOSE: This study compared lingual-alveolar contact pressures during consonant (LACP-Sp) production between adults with and without amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) over three visits within six months and assessed the relationship between LACP-Sp and speech intelligibility. METHODS: Ten people with ALS and nine without read sentences with lingual-alveolar consonants embedded as LACP-Sp was recorded. Recordings were done at study entry, then three and six months after entry...
November 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096086/an-exploration-of-sarcasm-detection-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Amanda K Ludlow, Eleanor Chadwick, Alice Morey, Rebecca Edwards, Roberto Gutierrez
The present research explored the ability of children with ADHD to distinguish between sarcasm and sincerity. Twenty-two children with a clinical diagnosis of ADHD were compared with 22 age and verbal IQ matched typically developing children using the Social Inference-Minimal Test from The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT, McDonald, Flanagan, & Rollins, 2002). This test assesses an individual's ability to interpret naturalistic social interactions containing sincerity, simple sarcasm and paradoxical sarcasm...
November 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054073/discourse-production-of-mandarin-speaking-children-with-high-functioning-autism-the-effect-of-mental-and-action-verbs-semantic-pragmatic-features
#11
Yiqi Song, Zhongheng Jia, Shunhua Liu, Dandan Liang
The present study investigated the syntactic and pragmatic performance of children with high-functioning autism (HFA) during a discourse production task with mental verbs. Children with HFA and typically developing (TD) children were matched by chronological age, verbal IQ (VIQ) and full-scale IQ (FIQ). We found that children with HFA tended to select a nominal object given a mental verb with either a nominal or clausal object. They committed few syntactic errors but generated syntactic stereotypes with mental verbs...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032347/vocalic-transitions-as-markers-of-speech-acoustic-changes-with-stn-dbs-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Vincent Martel-Sauvageau, Kris Tjaden
PURPOSE: Deep Brain Stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) effectively treats cardinal symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) that cannot be satisfactorily managed with medication. Research is equivocal regarding speech changes associated with STN-DBS. This study investigated the impact of STN-DBS on vocalic transitions and the relationship to intelligibility. METHODS: Eight Quebec-French speakers with PD and eight healthy controls participated...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985888/speech-sound-disorders-or-differences-insights-from-bilingual-children-speaking-two-chinese-languages
#13
Kitty K Y Lam, Carol K S To
The study investigated how Putonghua-Cantonese bilingual children differ from monolinguals in their acquisition of speech sound and phonological patterns. Fifty-four typically developing Putonghua-Cantonese bilingual children aged 3;6-6;0 were recruited from nurseries in the North District of Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Cantonese Articulation Test (Cheung et al., 2006) and a Putonghua picture-naming task (Zhu & Dodd, 2000) were used to elicit single-word samples of both languages. Acquisition of speech sound and phonological patterns exhibited by ≥20% of the children in an age group were compared to the normative data on children who were Cantonese native or Putonghua monolingual speakers...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898710/effects-of-semantic-weight-on-verb-retrieval-in-individuals-with-aphasia-a-different-perspective
#14
Diane F Morean
The majority of people with aphasia have word retrieval difficulty and effective treatment remains elusive. There have been a few studies that have explored the effects of semantic complexity on verb retrieval in individuals with aphasia; each used a variation of Breedin et al.'s (1998) delayed repetition/story completion task. Although each subsequent investigator worked to address potential confounds in order to achieve more valid results that would give rise to a clearer understanding of these deficits, findings and their interpretations have varied...
September 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898709/pragmatic-skills-after-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-parents-perspectives
#15
Casey S Keck, Nancy A Creaghead, Lyn S Turkstra, Lisa M Vaughn, Lisa N Kelchner
The purpose of this study was to characterize pragmatic deficits after childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) within the home environment social contexts where they occur. We used a descriptive qualitative approach to describe parents' experiences in communicating with their child with TBI. Participants were ten mothers of children ages 6-12 years who had sustained a moderate to severe TBI more than one year prior to the study. Mothers' experiences were collected through semi-structured interviews and questionnaires...
September 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886431/the-effect-of-phonetic-complexity-on-the-speed-of-single-word-productions-in-adults-who-do-and-do-not-stutter
#16
Courtney T Byrd, Geoffrey A Coalson, Jie Yang, Kirsten Moriarty
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of phonetic complexity as measured by the Word Complexity Measure (WCM) on the speed of single-word production in adults who do (AWS, n=15) and do not stutter (AWNS, n=15). METHOD: Participants were required to name pictures of high versus low phonetic complexity and balanced for lexical properties. Speech reaction time was recorded from initial presentation of the picture to verbal response of participant for each word type...
September 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777928/the-paired-t-test-and-beyond-recommendations-for-testing-the-central-tendencies-of-two-paired-samples-in-research-on-speech-language-and-hearing-pathology
#17
Toni Rietveld, Roeland van Hout
PURPOSE: In this tutorial we review current practice in the analysis of data obtained in designs involving two dependent samples and evaluate two conventional statistics: the t test for paired samples and its non-parametric alternative, the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test (WSR). It is a sequel to our tutorial on the analysis of designs with two independent samples on the basis of non-count data (Rietveld & van Hout, 2015). The frequency with which these statistics are used is assessed on the basis of publications on disordered communication in Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, Journal of Communication Disorders and Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research for the time interval 2006-2015...
September 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886430/story-grammar-elements-and-causal-relations-in-the-narratives-of-russian-hebrew-bilingual-children-with-sli-and-typical-language-development
#18
Sveta Fichman, Carmit Altman, Anna Voloskovich, Sharon Armon-Lotem, Joel Walters
BACKGROUND: While there is general agreement regarding poor performance of children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) on microstructure measures of narrative production, findings on macrostructure are inconsistent. PURPOSE: The present study analyzed narrative abilities of Russian-Hebrew bilingual preschool children with and without SLI, with a particular focus on story grammar (SG) elements and causal relations, in order to identify macrostructure features which distinguish bilingual children with SLI from those with typical development...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783543/the-effect-of-human-engagement-depicted-in-contextual-photographs-on-the-visual-attention-patterns-of-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Amber Thiessen, Jessica Brown, David Beukelman, Karen Hux
Photographs are a frequently employed tool for the rehabilitation of adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working with these individuals must select photos that are easily identifiable and meaningful to their clients. In this investigation, we examined the visual attention response to camera- (i.e., depicted human figure looking toward camera) and task-engaged (i.e., depicted human figure looking at and touching an object) contextual photographs for a group of adults with TBI and a group of adults without neurological conditions...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708986/listener-estimates-of-talker-age-in-a-single-talker-50-year-longitudinal-sample
#20
Eric J Hunter, Sarah Hargus Ferguson
PURPOSE: While many studies have shown that listeners make relatively accurate age judgments from hearing talkers' voices, most have used just one age per talker. The present study evaluated listeners' age estimation abilities for a longitudinal sample: a single talker recorded over nearly five decades. METHOD: We extracted 60 samples from addresses given by a male talker over 48 years. For each sample, listeners gave a direct estimate of his age. We also asked listeners if they could identify the talker, who was known locally, from the recordings...
July 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
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