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Journal of Communication Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528293/spatiotemporal-movement-variability-in-als-speaking-rate-effects-on-tongue-lower-lip-and-jaw-motor-control
#1
Mili Kuruvilla-Dugdale, Antje Mefferd
PURPOSE: Although it is frequently presumed that bulbar muscle degeneration in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is associated with progressive loss of speech motor control, empirical evidence is limited. Furthermore, because speaking rate slows with disease progression and rate manipulations are used to improve intelligibility in ALS, this study sought to (i) determine between and within-group differences in articulatory motor control as a result of speaking rate changes and (ii) identify the strength of association between articulatory motor control and speech impairment severity...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505472/improvement-of-older-person-specific-qol-after-hearing-aid-fitting-and-its-relation-to-social-interaction
#2
Yukari Yamada, Barbora Švejdíková, Helena Kisvetrová
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate whether hearing aids use is associated with improvement of older-person-specific QOL and whether social interactions modify the association. METHODS: The WHOQOL-OLD questionnaire was answered by 105 older adults aged 60 to 90 years who were newly fitted hearing aids on the day of fitting and at 2 - 6 months afterward. The associations between the daily hours of hearing aid usage and social relations with changes in the WHOQOL-OLD total score after hearing aids fitting were estimated adjusting for possible confounders...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460270/demonstrating-treatment-efficacy-using-the-single-subject-randomization-design-a-tutorial-and-demonstration
#3
Susan Rvachew, Tanya Matthews
Single case research refers to the broader category of research designs in which each case serves as his or her own control. A single subject randomization design is a specific form in which sessions are randomly allocated to treatment conditions within subjects. Two tutorials on the application of these designs are provided. In the single subject randomized phase design, baseline probes are administered repeatedly during a no-treatment or usual care phase; subsequently probes are administered repeatedly during the treatment phase of the experiment; the starting point for the treatment phase is determined by random selection...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433251/erratum-to-exploring-links-between-language-and-cognition-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-complement-sentences-false-belief-and-executive-functioning-j-commun-disord-54-2015-15-31
#4
Stephaniea Durrleman, Julie Franck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448800/assessment-of-bilingual-children-what-if-testing-both-languages-is-not-possible
#5
Tessel Boerma, Elma Blom
Language delays of bilingual children can arise from language impairment (LI) but also from insufficient exposure to the target language. A reliable diagnosis of LI in bilingual children is therefore ideally based on the evaluation of both languages, as LI affects each language that is learned. However, due to the multitude of language combinations that are encountered in clinical practice, this is often not feasible. Bilingual norm-referencing may offer a solution, but the heterogeneity within the bilingual population makes it difficult to determine appropriate standards for every child...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412599/group-intervention-for-individuals-with-primary-progressive-aphasia-and-their-spouses-who-comes-first
#6
Regina Jokel, Jed Meltzer, J D R, L D M, J J C, E A N, C D T
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative dementia in which language impairment is the first and most dominant symptom. There is a considerable dearth of interventions for PPA although language rehabilitation has made headway in managing the disorder. Thus far, no comprehensive services have been proposed for PPA clients and/or their spouses. This paper describes the first structured group intervention program designated exclusively for people with PPA and their caregivers. This pilot project originates from a clinical service and presents supporting evidence for initiation of a larger study to establish an evidence-based intervention for PPA...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412598/effect-of-two-isolated-vocal-facilitating-techniques-glottal-fry-and-yawn-sigh-on-the-phonation-of-female-speech-language-pathology-students-a-pilot-study
#7
I Meerschman, E D'haeseleer, T Catry, B Ruigrok, S Claeys, K Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of two isolated vocal facilitating techniques, glottal fry and yawn-sigh, on the phonation of vocally healthy female speech-language pathology (SLP) students. STUDY DESIGN: A multigroup pretest-posttest design was used. METHODS: A group of thirty-six healthy female SLP students with a mean age of 18.1 years were assigned into three groups: a glottal fry group (practicing the facilitating technique glottal fry across 18 weeks, n=12), a yawn-sigh group (practicing the facilitating technique yawn-sigh across 18 weeks, n=12) and a control group (receiving no facilitating techniques, n=12)...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364681/specific-language-impairment-in-a-morphologically-complex-agglutinative-indian-language-kannada
#8
Shivani Tiwari, Prathibha Karanth, B Rajashekar
Specific Language Impairment (SLI) remains an underinvestigated disorder in morphologically complex agglutinative languages such as Kannada. Currently, only a few case reports are available on SLI in Dravidian languages. The morphological complexity inherent to Dravidian languages such as Kannada provides a potential avenue to verify one of the two prevailing accounts of SLI: the morphological richness theory and CGC (Computational Grammatical Complexity) hypothesis. While the previous theory predicts the relatively spared performance of children with SLI (CwSLI) on syntactic morphology in morphologically complex languages, the latter predicts a diametrically opposite performance...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349875/intact-non-word-repetition-and-similar-error-patterns-in-language-matched-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-pilot-study
#9
Aparna Nadig, Anjali Mulligan
PURPOSE: We investigated whether enhanced auditory short-term memory may contribute to the learning of novel word forms in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. We also evaluated whether delayed but qualitatively normal, versus atypical, cognitive processes underlie non-word repetition in this population via a detailed error analysis. METHOD: English-speaking children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (who had significant language delay) and typically-developing children matched pairwise on language ability were compared on the Syllable Repetition Task (Shriberg et al...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292606/speech-language-and-reading-skills-in-10-year-old-children-with-palatal-clefts-the-impact-of-additional-conditions
#10
Kristin Billaud Feragen, Ragnhild Aukner, Tone K Særvold, Øydis Hide
BACKGROUND: This study examined speech (hypernasality and intelligibility), language, and reading skills in children with a cleft palate, specifically investigating additional conditions to the cleft, in order to differentiate challenges related to a cleft only, and challenges associated with an additional condition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data collected during routine assessments of speech and language in a centralised treatment setting. PARTICIPANTS: Children born with cleft with palatal involvement from four birth cohorts (n=184), aged 10...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171741/effectiveness-of-technologies-in-the-treatment-of-post-stroke-anomia-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Monica Lavoie, Joël Macoir, Nathalie Bier
BACKGROUND: Technologies are becoming increasingly popular in the treatment of language disorders and offer numerous possibilities, but little is known about their effectiveness and limitations. AIM: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of treatments delivered by technology in the management of post-stroke anomia. METHODS: As a guideline for conducting this review, we used the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171740/social-emotional-adjustment-and-pet-ownership-among-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Amanda Ward, Nicole Arola, Amy Bohnert, Rebecca Lieb
Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often experience poor social-emotional adjustment and interactions with peers, but taking care of a family pet may serve as a buffer. This study utilized 81 parent-adolescent dyads to examine how dimensions of pet ownership (responsibility, comfort, companionship) may be associated with social-emotional adjustment (depression, loneliness, friendship quality) among adolescents with ASD, as well as how social impairments may influence these relations. Results revealed that adolescents who took more responsibility for their pet exhibited fewer depressive symptoms...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161297/signaling-of-noncomprehension-in-communication-breakdowns-in-fragile-x-syndrome-down-syndrome-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Gary E Martin, Jamie Barstein, Jane Hornickel, Sara Matherly, Genna Durante, Molly Losh
The ability to indicate a failure to understand a message is a critical pragmatic (social) language skill for managing communication breakdowns and supporting successful communicative exchanges. The current study examined the ability to signal noncomprehension across different types of confusing message conditions in children and adolescents with fragile X syndrome (FXS), Down syndrome (DS), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and typical development (TD). Controlling for nonverbal mental age and receptive vocabulary skills, youth with comorbid FXS and ASD and those with DS were less likely than TD controls to signal noncomprehension of confusing messages...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073100/investigating-the-use-of-appropriation-in-the-writing-of-a-child-with-autism-a-case-study
#14
Jamie Maxwell, Christine Weill, Jack Damico
This case study investigated how a 10year old child with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder), Kameron (pseudonym), utilized appropriation as a writing strategy in the context of group therapy. Using the same questions as Lensmire and Beals (1994) in their study of a typically developing third-grader, written products were collected over the course of one semester and analyzed, along with video, audio, and participant observation data, to consider the following questions: 1) Where did the material come from? 2) What was taken? and 3) How was it used? Analysis of the process of Kameron's writing revealed utilization of appropriation as a strategy for 2 of the 4 written products...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038762/disfluency-characteristics-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms
#15
Hyunkyung Lee, Hyunsub Sim, Eunju Lee, Dahye Choi
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the characteristics of speech disfluency in 15 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and 15 age-matched control children. Reading, story retelling, and picture description tasks were used to elicit utterances from the participants. The findings indicated that children with ADHD symptoms produced significantly more stuttering-like disfluencies (SLD) and other disfluencies (OD) when compared to the control group during all three tasks...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907811/using-the-oases-a-to-illustrate-how-network-analysis-can-be-applied-to-understand-the-experience-of-stuttering
#16
Cynthia S Q Siew, Kristin M Pelczarski, J Scott Yaruss, Michael S Vitevitch
PURPOSE: Network science uses mathematical and computational techniques to examine how individual entities in a system, represented by nodes, interact, as represented by connections between nodes. This approach has been used by Cramer et al. (2010) to make "symptom networks" to examine various psychological disorders. In the present analysis we examined a network created from the items in the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering-Adult (OASES-A), a commonly used measure for evaluating adverse impact in the lives of people who stutter...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264968/response-to-putting-the-cart-before-the-horse-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-treatments-for-stuttering-in-young-children-requires-evidence-that-the-treatments-analyzed-were-effective
#17
Caroline de Sonneville-Koedoot, Elly Stolk, Toni Rietveld, Marie-Christine Franken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27181034/putting-the-cart-before-the-horse-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-treatments-for-stuttering-in-young-children-requires-evidence-that-the-treatments-analyzed-were-effective
#18
Íris Ösp Bergþórsdóttir, Roger J Ingham
PURPOSE: To investigate the validity of findings from a recent study reported in this journal by de Sonneville-Koedoot, Bouwmans, Franken, and Stolk (2015) on the cost effectiveness of two programs for treating young children who stutter. METHODS: The de Sonneville-Koedoot, Bouwmans et al. study was based directly on the results obtained in an earlier study, known as the RESTART-study, which compared the outcomes from the Lidcombe Program and a Demands and Capacities Model program...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721078/learning-by-listening-to-lectures-is-a-challenge-for-college-students-with-developmental-language-impairment
#19
Toni C Becker, Karla K McGregor
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of students with developmental language impairment (LI) are pursuing post-secondary education. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether college students with LI find spoken lectures to be a challenging learning context. METHOD: Study participants were college students, 34 with LI and 34 with normal language development (ND). Each took a baseline test of general topic knowledge, watched and listened to a 30min lecture, and took a posttest on specific information from the lecture...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614314/self-perceived-competence-and-social-acceptance-of-young-children-who-stutter-initial-findings
#20
Naomi Hertsberg, Patricia M Zebrowski
PURPOSE: The goals of this study were to determine whether young children who stutter (CWS) perceive their own competence and social acceptance differently than young children who do not stutter (CWNS), and to identify the predictors of perceived competence and social acceptance in young speakers. METHOD: We administered the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children (PSPCSA; Harter & Pike, 1984) to 13 CWS and 14 CWNS and examined group differences...
November 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
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