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Journal of Communication Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783543/the-effect-of-human-engagement-depicted-in-contextual-photographs-on-the-visual-attention-patterns-of-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Amber Thiessen, Jessica Brown, David Beukelman, Karen Hux
Photographs are a frequently employed tool for the rehabilitation of adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working with these individuals must select photos that are easily identifiable and meaningful to their clients. In this investigation, we examined the visual attention response to camera- (i.e., depicted human figure looking toward camera) and task-engaged (i.e., depicted human figure looking at and touching an object) contextual photographs for a group of adults with TBI and a group of adults without neurological conditions...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777928/the-paired-t-test-and-beyond-recommendations-for-testing-the-central-tendencies-of-two-paired-samples-in-research-on-speech-language-and-hearing-pathology
#2
Toni Rietveld, Roeland van Hout
PURPOSE: In this tutorial we review current practice in the analysis of data obtained in designs involving two dependent samples and evaluate two conventional statistics: the t test for paired samples and its non-parametric alternative, the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test (WSR). It is a sequel to our tutorial on the analysis of designs with two independent samples on the basis of non-count data (Rietveld & van Hout, 2015). The frequency with which these statistics are used is assessed on the basis of publications on disordered communication in Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, Journal of Communication Disorders and Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research for the time interval 2006-2015...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704690/joint-attention-and-oromotor-abilities-in-young-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Jennifer C Dalton, Elizabeth R Crais, Shelley L Velleman
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between joint attention ability and oromotor imitation skill in three groups of young children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder using both nonverbal oral and verbal motor imitation tasks. Research questions addressed a) differences among joint attention and oromotor imitation abilities; b) the relationship between independently measured joint attention and oromotor imitation, both nonverbal oral and verbal motor; c) the relationships between joint attention and verbal motor imitation during interpersonal interaction; and d) the relationship between the sensory input demands (auditory, visual, and tactile) and oromotor imitation, both nonverbal oral and verbal motor...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704689/comprehension-of-synthetic-speech-and-digitized-natural-speech-by-adults-with-aphasia
#4
Karen Hux, Kelly Knollman-Porter, Jessica Brown, Sarah E Wallace
Using text-to-speech technology to provide simultaneous written and auditory content presentation may help compensate for chronic reading challenges if people with aphasia can understand synthetic speech output; however, inherent auditory comprehension challenges experienced by people with aphasia may make understanding synthetic speech difficult. This study's purpose was to compare the preferences and auditory comprehension accuracy of people with aphasia when listening to sentences generated with digitized natural speech, Alex synthetic speech (i...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675808/delayed-primary-palatal-closure-in-resource-poor-countries-speech-results-in-ugandan-older-children-and-young-adults-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#5
Laura Bruneel, Anke Luyten, Kim Bettens, Evelien D'haeseleer, Cleo Dhondt, Andrew Hodges, George Galiwango, Hubert Vermeersch, Kristiane Van Lierde
AIMS: Unrepaired clefts still regularly occur in resource-poor countries as a result of limited health-care access. The purpose of the present study was to report resonance, airflow and articulation characteristics following delayed (≥8years) primary palatal closure. METHODS: Fifteen Ugandan participants with cleft (lip and) palate (CP±L) were included as well as 15 age- and gender-matched Ugandan subjects without clefts. Palatal closure was performed at a mean age of 15;10 years using the Sommerlad technique...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668643/-she-didn-t-have-a-word-of-english-we-didn-t-have-a-word-of-vietnamese-exploring-parent-experiences-of-communication-with-toddlers-who-were-adopted-internationally
#6
Brid McAndrew, Mary-Pat O Malley-Keighran
The purpose of this study was to explore in detail parents' experiences of communicating with toddlers who were adopted internationally. Often, there is a mismatch between parents and children in terms of language, particularly in the early post-adoption period. There is a gap in the literature regarding parent experiences of this phase of their lives. Changing patterns in international adoption have led to an increase in adoptions of toddlers and older children. Due to institutional care, these toddlers and older children often lack exposure to their native language which may lead to language delay...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662420/speech-language-pathologists-preferences-for-patient-centeredness
#7
Monica L Bellon-Harn, Jamie Hartwell Azios, Ashley L Dockens, Vinaya Manchaiah
PURPOSE: Preferences for patient-centeredness is an important indicator in healthcare service delivery. However, it remains largely unexplored in the field of communication science and disorders. This study investigated speech-language pathologists' (SLPs) preferences for patient-centeredness METHOD: The study involved a cross-sectional survey design. SLPs (n = 102) fully completed the modified Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale (PPOS; Krupat et al, 2000) and also provided demographic details...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662419/perceptual-statistical-learning-over-one-week-in-child-speech-production
#8
Peter T Richtsmeier, Lisa Goffman
What cognitive mechanisms account for the trajectory of speech sound development, in particular, gradually increasing accuracy during childhood? An intriguing potential contributor is statistical learning, a type of learning that has been studied frequently in infant perception but less often in child speech production. To assess the relevance of statistical learning to developing speech accuracy, we carried out a statistical learning experiment with four- and five-year-olds in which statistical learning was examined over one week...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644991/glimpses-into-the-blind-spot-social-interaction-and-autism
#9
REVIEW
Kristen Bottema-Beutel
A primary feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is marked difficulty in social interactions. Despite the centrality of social interaction differences to the clinical presentation of ASD, only a small portion of research in this field characterizes interaction in everyday social contexts. This theoretical paper reviews the growing corpus of interactional research on ASD, including discourse analysis (DA) and conversation analysis (CA) approaches. DA and CA are micro-analytic methods aimed at understanding the organizational structure of, and actions pursued within, social encounters...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651106/computer-based-speech-therapy-for-childhood-speech-sound-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Lisa Furlong, Shane Erickson, Meg E Morris
BACKGROUND: With the current worldwide workforce shortage of Speech-Language Pathologists, new and innovative ways of delivering therapy to children with speech sound disorders are needed. Computer-based speech therapy may be an effective and viable means of addressing service access issues for children with speech sound disorders. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of computer-based speech therapy programs for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Studies reporting the efficacy of computer-based speech therapy programs were identified via a systematic, computerised database search...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647553/morphosyntactic-correctness-of-written-language-production-in-adults-with-moderate-to-severe-congenital-hearing-loss
#11
Elke Huysmans, Jan de Jong, Joost M Festen, Martine M R Coene, S Theo Goverts
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether moderate to severe congenital hearing loss (MSCHL) leads to persistent morphosyntactic problems in the written language production of adults, as it does in their spoken language production. DESIGN: Samples of written language in Dutch were analysed for morphosyntactic correctness and syntactic complexity. STUDY SAMPLE: 20 adults with MSCHL and 10 adults with normal hearing (NH). RESULTS: Adults with MSCHL did not differ from adults with NH in the morphosyntactic correctness and syntactic complexity of their written utterances...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708986/listener-estimates-of-talker-age-in-a-single-talker-50-year-longitudinal-sample
#12
Eric J Hunter, Sarah Hargus Ferguson
PURPOSE: While many studies have shown that listeners make relatively accurate age judgments from hearing talkers' voices, most have used just one age per talker. The present study evaluated listeners' age estimation abilities for a longitudinal sample: a single talker recorded over nearly five decades. METHOD: We extracted 60 samples from addresses given by a male talker over 48 years. For each sample, listeners gave a direct estimate of his age. We also asked listeners if they could identify the talker, who was known locally, from the recordings...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624322/assessing-pragmatic-communication-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#13
Elizabeth Smith, Kari-Anne B Næss, Christopher Jarrold
PURPOSE: Successful communication depends on language content, language form, and language use (pragmatics). Children with Down syndrome (DS) experience communication difficulties, however little is known about their pragmatic profile, particularly during early school years. The purpose of the present study was to explore the nature of pragmatic communication in children with DS. METHOD: Twenty-nine six-year-old children with DS were assessed, in the areas of 1) initiation, 2) scripted language, 3) understanding context and 4) nonverbal communication, as reported by children's parents via the Children's Communication Checklist-2 (Bishop, 2003)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618297/does-communication-partner-training-improve-the-conversation-skills-of-speech-language-pathology-students-when-interacting-with-people-with-aphasia
#14
Emma Finch, Ashley Cameron, Jennifer Fleming, Jennifer Lethlean, Kyla Hudson, Steven McPhail
BACKGROUND: Aphasia is a common consequence of stroke. Despite receiving specialised training in communication, speech-language pathology students may lack confidence when communicating with People with Aphasia (PWA). This paper reports data from secondary outcome measures from a randomised controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of communication partner training on the communication skills of speech-language pathology students during conversations with PWA...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505472/improvement-of-older-person-specific-qol-after-hearing-aid-fitting-and-its-relation-to-social-interaction
#15
Yukari Yamada, Barbora Švejdíková, Helena Kisvetrová
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate whether hearing aids use is associated with improvement of older-person-specific QOL and whether social interactions modify the association. METHODS: The WHOQOL-OLD questionnaire was answered by 105 older adults aged 60 to 90 years who were newly fitted hearing aids on the day of fitting and at 2 - 6 months afterward. The associations between the daily hours of hearing aid usage and social relations with changes in the WHOQOL-OLD total score after hearing aids fitting were estimated adjusting for possible confounders...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544920/acquisition-of-who-question-comprehension-in-german-children-with-hearing-loss
#16
Eva Wimmer, Monika Rothweiler, Martina Penke
For children with sensorineural hearing loss the ability to understand wh-questions might be particularly challenging because they often have only restricted access to spoken language input during optimal periods of language acquisition. In previous research it has been suggested that this restricted input during critical stages in language acquisition might lead to syntactic deficits that persist into adolescence. In this study we want to pursue this issue by investigating the comprehension of wh-questions in German children with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss...
May 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528293/spatiotemporal-movement-variability-in-als-speaking-rate-effects-on-tongue-lower-lip-and-jaw-motor-control
#17
Mili Kuruvilla-Dugdale, Antje Mefferd
PURPOSE: Although it is frequently presumed that bulbar muscle degeneration in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is associated with progressive loss of speech motor control, empirical evidence is limited. Furthermore, because speaking rate slows with disease progression and rate manipulations are used to improve intelligibility in ALS, this study sought to (i) determine between and within-group differences in articulatory motor control as a result of speaking rate changes and (ii) identify the strength of association between articulatory motor control and speech impairment severity...
May 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460270/demonstrating-treatment-efficacy-using-the-single-subject-randomization-design-a-tutorial-and-demonstration
#18
Susan Rvachew, Tanya Matthews
Single case research refers to the broader category of research designs in which each case serves as his or her own control. A single subject randomization design is a specific form in which sessions are randomly allocated to treatment conditions within subjects. Two tutorials on the application of these designs are provided. In the single subject randomized phase design, baseline probes are administered repeatedly during a no-treatment or usual care phase; subsequently probes are administered repeatedly during the treatment phase of the experiment; the starting point for the treatment phase is determined by random selection...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433251/erratum-to-exploring-links-between-language-and-cognition-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-complement-sentences-false-belief-and-executive-functioning-j-commun-disord-54-2015-15-31
#19
Stephaniea Durrleman, Julie Franck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448800/assessment-of-bilingual-children-what-if-testing-both-languages-is-not-possible
#20
Tessel Boerma, Elma Blom
Language delays of bilingual children can arise from language impairment (LI) but also from insufficient exposure to the target language. A reliable diagnosis of LI in bilingual children is therefore ideally based on the evaluation of both languages, as LI affects each language that is learned. However, due to the multitude of language combinations that are encountered in clinical practice, this is often not feasible. Bilingual norm-referencing may offer a solution, but the heterogeneity within the bilingual population makes it difficult to determine appropriate standards for every child...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
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