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Journal of Communication Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129311/speech-disfluencies-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#1
Kurt Eggers, Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh
PURPOSE: Speech and language development in individuals with Down syndrome is often delayed and/or disordered and speech disfluencies appear to be more common. These disfluencies have been labeled over time as stuttering, cluttering or both. FINDINGS: were usually generated from studies with adults or a mixed age group, quite often using different methodologies, making it difficult to compare findings. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze and describe the speech disfluencies of a group, only consisting of children with Down Syndrome between 3 and 13 years of age...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074281/corrigendum-to-promoting-child-initiated-social-communication-in-children-with-autism-son-rise-program-intervention-effects-j-commun-disord-46-5-6-2013-495-506
#2
Kat Houghton, Julia Schuchard, Charlie Lewis, Cynthia K Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054073/discourse-production-of-mandarin-speaking-children-with-high-functioning-autism-the-effect-of-mental-and-action-verbs-semantic-pragmatic-features
#3
Yiqi Song, Zhongheng Jia, Shunhua Liu, Dandan Liang
The present study investigated the syntactic and pragmatic performance of children with high-functioning autism (HFA) during a discourse production task with mental verbs. Children with HFA and typically developing (TD) children were matched by chronological age, verbal IQ (VIQ) and full-scale IQ (FIQ). We found that children with HFA tended to select a nominal object given a mental verb with either a nominal or clausal object. They committed few syntactic errors but generated syntactic stereotypes with mental verbs...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032347/vocalic-transitions-as-markers-of-speech-acoustic-changes-with-stn-dbs-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Vincent Martel-Sauvageau, Kris Tjaden
PURPOSE: Deep Brain Stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) effectively treats cardinal symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) that cannot be satisfactorily managed with medication. Research is equivocal regarding speech changes associated with STN-DBS. This study investigated the impact of STN-DBS on vocalic transitions and the relationship to intelligibility. METHODS: Eight Quebec-French speakers with PD and eight healthy controls participated...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985888/speech-sound-disorders-or-differences-insights-from-bilingual-children-speaking-two-chinese-languages
#5
Kitty K Y Lam, Carol K S To
The study investigated how Putonghua-Cantonese bilingual children differ from monolinguals in their acquisition of speech sound and phonological patterns. Fifty-four typically developing Putonghua-Cantonese bilingual children aged 3;6-6;0 were recruited from nurseries in the North District of Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Cantonese Articulation Test (Cheung et al., 2006) and a Putonghua picture-naming task (Zhu & Dodd, 2000) were used to elicit single-word samples of both languages. Acquisition of speech sound and phonological patterns exhibited by ≥20% of the children in an age group were compared to the normative data on children who were Cantonese native or Putonghua monolingual speakers...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126546/changes-in-lingual-alveolar-contact-pressure-during-speech-over-six-months-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#6
Jeff Searl, Stephanie Knollhoff
PURPOSE: This study compared lingual-alveolar contact pressures during consonant (LACP-Sp) production between adults with and without amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) over three visits within six months and assessed the relationship between LACP-Sp and speech intelligibility. METHODS: Ten people with ALS and nine without read sentences with lingual-alveolar consonants embedded as LACP-Sp was recorded. Recordings were done at study entry, then three and six months after entry...
November 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096086/an-exploration-of-sarcasm-detection-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Amanda K Ludlow, Eleanor Chadwick, Alice Morey, Rebecca Edwards, Roberto Gutierrez
The present research explored the ability of children with ADHD to distinguish between sarcasm and sincerity. Twenty-two children with a clinical diagnosis of ADHD were compared with 22 age and verbal IQ matched typically developing children using the Social Inference-Minimal Test from The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT, McDonald, Flanagan, & Rollins, 2002). This test assesses an individual's ability to interpret naturalistic social interactions containing sincerity, simple sarcasm and paradoxical sarcasm...
November 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898710/effects-of-semantic-weight-on-verb-retrieval-in-individuals-with-aphasia-a-different-perspective
#8
Diane F Morean
The majority of people with aphasia have word retrieval difficulty and effective treatment remains elusive. There have been a few studies that have explored the effects of semantic complexity on verb retrieval in individuals with aphasia; each used a variation of Breedin et al.'s (1998) delayed repetition/story completion task. Although each subsequent investigator worked to address potential confounds in order to achieve more valid results that would give rise to a clearer understanding of these deficits, findings and their interpretations have varied...
September 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898709/pragmatic-skills-after-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-parents-perspectives
#9
Casey S Keck, Nancy A Creaghead, Lyn S Turkstra, Lisa M Vaughn, Lisa N Kelchner
The purpose of this study was to characterize pragmatic deficits after childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) within the home environment social contexts where they occur. We used a descriptive qualitative approach to describe parents' experiences in communicating with their child with TBI. Participants were ten mothers of children ages 6-12 years who had sustained a moderate to severe TBI more than one year prior to the study. Mothers' experiences were collected through semi-structured interviews and questionnaires...
September 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886431/the-effect-of-phonetic-complexity-on-the-speed-of-single-word-productions-in-adults-who-do-and-do-not-stutter
#10
Courtney T Byrd, Geoffrey A Coalson, Jie Yang, Kirsten Moriarty
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of phonetic complexity as measured by the Word Complexity Measure (WCM) on the speed of single-word production in adults who do (AWS, n=15) and do not stutter (AWNS, n=15). METHOD: Participants were required to name pictures of high versus low phonetic complexity and balanced for lexical properties. Speech reaction time was recorded from initial presentation of the picture to verbal response of participant for each word type...
September 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777928/the-paired-t-test-and-beyond-recommendations-for-testing-the-central-tendencies-of-two-paired-samples-in-research-on-speech-language-and-hearing-pathology
#11
Toni Rietveld, Roeland van Hout
PURPOSE: In this tutorial we review current practice in the analysis of data obtained in designs involving two dependent samples and evaluate two conventional statistics: the t test for paired samples and its non-parametric alternative, the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test (WSR). It is a sequel to our tutorial on the analysis of designs with two independent samples on the basis of non-count data (Rietveld & van Hout, 2015). The frequency with which these statistics are used is assessed on the basis of publications on disordered communication in Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, Journal of Communication Disorders and Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research for the time interval 2006-2015...
September 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886430/story-grammar-elements-and-causal-relations-in-the-narratives-of-russian-hebrew-bilingual-children-with-sli-and-typical-language-development
#12
Sveta Fichman, Carmit Altman, Anna Voloskovich, Sharon Armon-Lotem, Joel Walters
BACKGROUND: While there is general agreement regarding poor performance of children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) on microstructure measures of narrative production, findings on macrostructure are inconsistent. PURPOSE: The present study analyzed narrative abilities of Russian-Hebrew bilingual preschool children with and without SLI, with a particular focus on story grammar (SG) elements and causal relations, in order to identify macrostructure features which distinguish bilingual children with SLI from those with typical development...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783543/the-effect-of-human-engagement-depicted-in-contextual-photographs-on-the-visual-attention-patterns-of-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Amber Thiessen, Jessica Brown, David Beukelman, Karen Hux
Photographs are a frequently employed tool for the rehabilitation of adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working with these individuals must select photos that are easily identifiable and meaningful to their clients. In this investigation, we examined the visual attention response to camera- (i.e., depicted human figure looking toward camera) and task-engaged (i.e., depicted human figure looking at and touching an object) contextual photographs for a group of adults with TBI and a group of adults without neurological conditions...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708986/listener-estimates-of-talker-age-in-a-single-talker-50-year-longitudinal-sample
#14
Eric J Hunter, Sarah Hargus Ferguson
PURPOSE: While many studies have shown that listeners make relatively accurate age judgments from hearing talkers' voices, most have used just one age per talker. The present study evaluated listeners' age estimation abilities for a longitudinal sample: a single talker recorded over nearly five decades. METHOD: We extracted 60 samples from addresses given by a male talker over 48 years. For each sample, listeners gave a direct estimate of his age. We also asked listeners if they could identify the talker, who was known locally, from the recordings...
July 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704690/joint-attention-and-oromotor-abilities-in-young-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Jennifer C Dalton, Elizabeth R Crais, Shelley L Velleman
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between joint attention ability and oromotor imitation skill in three groups of young children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder using both nonverbal oral and verbal motor imitation tasks. Research questions addressed a) differences among joint attention and oromotor imitation abilities; b) the relationship between independently measured joint attention and oromotor imitation, both nonverbal oral and verbal motor; c) the relationships between joint attention and verbal motor imitation during interpersonal interaction; and d) the relationship between the sensory input demands (auditory, visual, and tactile) and oromotor imitation, both nonverbal oral and verbal motor...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668643/-she-didn-t-have-a-word-of-english-we-didn-t-have-a-word-of-vietnamese-exploring-parent-experiences-of-communication-with-toddlers-who-were-adopted-internationally
#16
Brid McAndrew, Mary-Pat O Malley-Keighran
The purpose of this study was to explore in detail parents' experiences of communicating with toddlers who were adopted internationally. Often, there is a mismatch between parents and children in terms of language, particularly in the early post-adoption period. There is a gap in the literature regarding parent experiences of this phase of their lives. Changing patterns in international adoption have led to an increase in adoptions of toddlers and older children. Due to institutional care, these toddlers and older children often lack exposure to their native language which may lead to language delay...
July 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662419/perceptual-statistical-learning-over-one-week-in-child-speech-production
#17
Peter T Richtsmeier, Lisa Goffman
What cognitive mechanisms account for the trajectory of speech sound development, in particular, gradually increasing accuracy during childhood? An intriguing potential contributor is statistical learning, a type of learning that has been studied frequently in infant perception but less often in child speech production. To assess the relevance of statistical learning to developing speech accuracy, we carried out a statistical learning experiment with four- and five-year-olds in which statistical learning was examined over one week...
July 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651106/computer-based-speech-therapy-for-childhood-speech-sound-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Lisa Furlong, Shane Erickson, Meg E Morris
BACKGROUND: With the current worldwide workforce shortage of Speech-Language Pathologists, new and innovative ways of delivering therapy to children with speech sound disorders are needed. Computer-based speech therapy may be an effective and viable means of addressing service access issues for children with speech sound disorders. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of computer-based speech therapy programs for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Studies reporting the efficacy of computer-based speech therapy programs were identified via a systematic, computerised database search...
July 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704689/comprehension-of-synthetic-speech-and-digitized-natural-speech-by-adults-with-aphasia
#19
Karen Hux, Kelly Knollman-Porter, Jessica Brown, Sarah E Wallace
Using text-to-speech technology to provide simultaneous written and auditory content presentation may help compensate for chronic reading challenges if people with aphasia can understand synthetic speech output; however, inherent auditory comprehension challenges experienced by people with aphasia may make understanding synthetic speech difficult. This study's purpose was to compare the preferences and auditory comprehension accuracy of people with aphasia when listening to sentences generated with digitized natural speech, Alex synthetic speech (i...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675808/delayed-primary-palatal-closure-in-resource-poor-countries-speech-results-in-ugandan-older-children-and-young-adults-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#20
Laura Bruneel, Anke Luyten, Kim Bettens, Evelien D'haeseleer, Cleo Dhondt, Andrew Hodges, George Galiwango, Hubert Vermeersch, Kristiane Van Lierde
AIMS: Unrepaired clefts still regularly occur in resource-poor countries as a result of limited health-care access. The purpose of the present study was to report resonance, airflow and articulation characteristics following delayed (≥8years) primary palatal closure. METHODS: Fifteen Ugandan participants with cleft (lip and) palate (CP±L) were included as well as 15 age- and gender-matched Ugandan subjects without clefts. Palatal closure was performed at a mean age of 15;10 years using the Sommerlad technique...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
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