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Journal of Communication Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738874/phonological-processes-in-the-speech-of-school-age-children-with-hearing-loss-comparisons-with-children-with-normal-hearing
#1
Areej Nimer Asad, Suzanne C Purdy, Elaine Ballard, Liz Fairgray, Caroline Bowen
PURPOSE: In this descriptive study, phonological processes were examined in the speech of children aged 5;0-7;6 (years; months) with mild to profound hearing loss using hearing aids (HAs) and cochlear implants (CIs), in comparison to their peers. A second aim was to compare phonological processes of HA and CI users. METHOD: Children with hearing loss (CWHL, N = 25) were compared to children with normal hearing (CWNH, N = 30) with similar age, gender, linguistic, and socioeconomic backgrounds...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738875/effects-of-measurement-method-and-transcript-availability-on-inexperienced-raters-stuttering-frequency-scores
#2
Nalanda Chakraborty, Kenneth J Logan
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of measurement method and transcript availability on the accuracy, reliability, and efficiency of inexperienced raters' stuttering frequency measurements. METHOD: 44 adults, all inexperienced at evaluating stuttered speech, underwent 20 min of preliminary training in stuttering measurement and then analyzed a series of sentences, with and without access to transcripts of sentence stimuli, using either a syllable-based analysis (SBA) or an utterance-based analysis (UBA)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723653/a-persian-version-of-the-stuttering-severity-instrument-version-four-ssi-4-how-the-new-additions-to-ssi-4-complement-its-stuttering-severity-score
#3
Neda Tahmasebi, Bijan Shafie, Hamid Karimi, Masood Mazaheri
PURPOSE: The fourth version of the Stuttering Severity Instrument (SSI-4) has been available since 2009. It has some modifications and new features which make it more appropriate at least for clinical practice, although further documentation is needed. The objective of the current research was to translate SSI-4 into Persian language and to discuss its relative and absolute reliability as well as its criterion validity for Persian adults who stutter (PWS). We also aimed to study how the new subjective self-reports of the SSI-4 complement the stuttering severity score obtained from the SSI-3 or the SSI-4...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753216/false-belief-and-relative-clauses-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Stephanie Durrleman, Wolfram Hinzen, Julie Franck
Previous studies have suggested sentential complementation is the crucial ingredient of language that relates to false-belief (FB) reasoning, while the role of relative clauses (RCs) is less clear. Nevertheless, under the hypothesis that clausal embedding has a meta-representational effect, arguably implied in FB, one expects a link between FB and not only complementation but also relativization. Seventeen children with ASD (6 to 16 years, mean age 9;2) were assessed for RCs and FB. Comprehension of RCs significantly predicted FB performance, while none of the controlled factors played a predictive role (comprehension of simple sentences, vocabulary, morpho-syntax and working memory)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709658/acute-prediction-of-outcome-and-cognitive-communication-impairments-following-traumatic-brain-injury-the-influence-of-age-education-and-site-of-lesion
#5
Sandra Gauthier, Joanne LeBlanc, Alena Seresova, Andréanne Laberge-Poirier, José A Correa, Abdulrahman Y Alturki, Judith Marcoux, Mohammed Maleki, Mitra Feyz, Elaine de Guise
BACKGROUND: Communication impairment following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been well documented, yet information regarding communication skills in the acute period following the injury is limited in the literature. Also, little is known about the influence of TBI severity (mild, moderate or severe) on cognitive-communication impairments and how these impairments are related to short-term functional outcome. The goal of this study was to assess the performance of adults with mild, moderate and severe TBI on different language tests and to determine how this performance is related to functional capacity...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702365/aac-services-for-multilingual-populations-south-african-service-provider-perspectives
#6
Kerstin M Tönsing, Karin van Niekerk, Georg I Schlünz, Ilana Wilken
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, many persons in need of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) come from multilingual backgrounds. There is as yet a limited evidence base (locally and internationally) for the provision of AAC services to multilingual populations. The perspectives of service providers can assist in gaining an understanding of current practices and the factors that influence these. AIMS: The study aimed to obtain the perspectives of AAC service providers about practices in providing AAC systems and AAC intervention to clients from multilingual backgrounds...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567464/parent-perspectives-on-the-clinician-client-relationship-in-speech-language-treatment-for-children
#7
Kerry Danahy Ebert
Few studies have explored clinician-client relationships in speech-language treatment for children, although evidence indicates that these relationships may be important. Parents play a unique role in clinician-client relationships and their views have yet to be considered in the speech-language pathology literature. This study explored parents' perspectives on the clinician-client relationship in speech-language treatment for children using both quantitative and qualitative information. An online survey collected responses from 159 parents with children enrolled in speech-language services...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574262/enacted-stigma-and-felt-stigma-experienced-by-adults-who-stutter
#8
Michael P Boyle
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to (1) document the experiences of enacted stigma (external stigma, experienced discrimination) and felt stigma (anticipation and expectation of discrimination or negative treatment by others) in adults who stutter, (2) investigate their relationships to each other, and (3) investigate their relationships to global mental health. METHOD: Participants were 324 adults who stutter recruited from clinicians and self-help group leaders in the United States...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567465/perceived-listener-effort-as-an-outcome-measure-for-disordered-speech
#9
Kathleen F Nagle, Tanya L Eadie
PURPOSE: Perceived listening effort is a perceptual dimension used to identify the amount of work necessary to understand disordered speech. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of perceived listening effort to provide unique information about disordered speech. The relationships between perceived listening effort and two current outcome measures (speech acceptability, intelligibility) were examined for listeners rating electrolaryngeal speech, along with their reliability and intra-rater agreement...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544117/communication-dynamics-between-mothers-and-their-children-with-cochlear-implants-effects-of-maternal-support-for-language-production
#10
Manuela Lavelli, Marinella Majorano, Letizia Guerzoni, Alessandra Murri, Chiara Barachetti, Domenico Cuda
This study examined (a) the functions and modalities of maternal and child communication during interaction between mothers and children with cochlear implants (CIs), comparing them with mothers and normally hearing (NH) children, and (b) the effectiveness of maternal support strategies in eliciting adequate answers in children with CI. Twenty preschoolers with CIs (M = 40 months) and 40 NH children - 20 matched by chronological age (CANH, M = 40 months) and 20 matched by hearing age (HANH, M = 25 months) - were videotaped during shared book reading and toy play with their mothers...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558672/beliefs-and-behavioural-intentions-towards-pharmacotherapy-for-stuttering-a-survey-of-adults-who-stutter
#11
Allan McGroarty, Rebecca McCartan
PURPOSE: Although considerable efforts have been made to investigate the effectiveness of pharmacological treatments for stuttering, little is known about how the stuttering community perceives these treatments. This study aimed to assess and quantify beliefs regarding pharmacotherapy for adults who stutter and to establish whether behavioural intentions to undertake treatment were related to these beliefs. METHOD: An adapted version of the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire was completed by adults who stutter...
May 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494850/inferential-language-use-by-school-aged-boys-with-fragile-x-syndrome-effects-of-a-parent-implemented-spoken-language-intervention
#12
Sarah Nelson, Andrea McDuffie, Amy Banasik, Robyn Tempero Feigles, Angela John Thurman, Leonard Abbeduto
This study examined the impact of a distance-delivered parent-implemented narrative language intervention on the use of inferential language during shared storytelling by school-aged boys with fragile X syndrome, an inherited neurodevelopmental disorder. Nineteen school-aged boys with FXS and their biological mothers participated. Dyads were randomly assigned to an intervention or a treatment-as-usual comparison group. Transcripts from all pre- and post-intervention sessions were coded for child use of prompted and spontaneous inferential language coded into various categories...
March 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471178/a-role-for-epistemic-trust-in-speech-language-pathology-a-tutorial-paper
#13
Angela Clarke, Pamela J Meredith, Tanya A Rose, Michael Daubney
This paper provides an introduction to epistemic trust for speech-language pathologists (SLPs). 'Epistemic trust' describes a specific form of trust that an individual places in others when learning about the world, particularly the social world. To date, the relevance of epistemic trust to SLP clinical practice has received little theoretical or empirical attention. The aim of this paper is to define epistemic trust and explain its relationship with parent-child attachment and mentalization which have, in turn, been linked with language development and use...
March 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471177/needs-of-students-seeking-careers-in-communication-sciences-and-disorders-and-barriers-to-their-success
#14
Akiko Fuse
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the needs for and barriers to success of underrepresented students in the Communication Sciences and Disorders field and to determine factors linked to student persistence and academic achievement. METHOD: An online survey was completed by 126 undergraduates pursuing graduate studies in Communication Sciences and Disorders. Data were subjected to Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis H tests. RESULTS: Survey responses indicated that financial matters exerted the most influence on students' preparation for and number of choices for graduate-school applications...
March 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471176/rhythmic-performance-in-hypokinetic-dysarthria-relationship-between-reading-spontaneous-speech-and-diadochokinetic-tasks
#15
Anja Lowit, Agata Marchetti, Stephen Corson, Anja Kuschmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462740/listening-to-the-voice-of-children-with-developmental-speech-and-language-disorders-using-narrative-inquiry-methodological-considerations
#16
Rena Lyons, Sue Roulstone
There are policy and theoretical drivers for listening directly to children's perspectives. These perspectives can provide insights to children's experiences of their daily lives and ways in which they construct their multiple identities. Qualitative methodology is a useful research paradigm with regard to exploring children's experiences. However, listening to the perspectives of children with speech and language disorders is a relatively new field of research. Therefore, it is important that researchers share their experiences of using methods and reflect on the strengths and limitations of these methods...
March 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454176/efficacy-of-intensive-voice-feminisation-therapy-in-a-transgender-young-offender
#17
Sterling Quinn, Nathaniel Swain
Research suggests that transgender young offenders are a uniquely vulnerable caseload that may benefit from speech pathology intervention to help bring their voice into alignment with their gender identity. However, no previous studies have investigated treatment efficacy in this population. This study investigated the impact of intensive voice feminisation therapy targeting fundamental frequency and oral resonance in a 17 year old transgender individual within a youth justice institution. Acoustic analysis, listener and self-ratings of vocal femininity, self-ratings of vocal satisfaction, a post-treatment structured interview, and pre- and post- treatment completion of the Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQMtF ) were utilised to determine treatment impact...
March 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448988/public-awareness-and-knowledge-of-stuttering-in-japan
#18
Daichi Iimura, Yasuto Yada, Kazuya Imaizumi, Toshimitsu Takeuchi, Manami Miyawaki, John Van Borsel
PURPOSE: To determine laypeople's knowledge and awareness of stuttering in Japan. METHODS: A total of 303 respondents, recruited by street sampling, completed a questionnaire assessing the prevalence, onset, gender distribution, occurrence in different races, cause, treatment, association with intelligence, and hereditariness of stuttering. The questionnaire used was a Japanese version of that devised by Van Borsel, Verniers, and Bouvry (1999) for use in Belgium...
March 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426787/direct-object-pronoun-sentence-processing-in-spanish-english-children-with-without-specific-language-impairment-and-adults-a-cross-modal-priming-study
#19
Dolors Girbau
PURPOSE: This paper examines whether bilingual children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) showed limited comprehension of Direct Object (DO) pronoun sentences and/or morphosyntactic priming compared to children with Typical Language Development (TLD) and adults. We analyzed the relation of these morphosyntactic processes to other psycholinguistic abilities, according to the MUC (Memory-Unification-Control) model. METHOD: Ten bilingual native Spanish-speaking children with SLI (8;3-10;6) and 10 age-matched children with TLD (7;6-10;10) received a psycholinguistic evaluation in Spanish-English...
March 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402382/language-environment-analysis-lena-system-investigation-of-day-long-recordings-in-children-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Hillary Ganek, Alice Eriks-Brophy
The Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) System is a relatively new recording technology that can be used to investigate typical child language acquisition and populations with language disorders. The purpose of this paper is to familiarize language acquisition researchers and speech-language pathologists with how the LENA System is currently being used in research. The authors outline issues in peer-reviewed research based on the device. Considerations when using the LENA System are discussed.
March 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
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