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Journal of Communication Disorders

Manuela Lavelli, Marinella Majorano, Letizia Guerzoni, Alessandra Murri, Chiara Barachetti, Domenico Cuda
This study examined (a) the functions and modalities of maternal and child communication during interaction between mothers and children with cochlear implants (CIs), comparing them with mothers and normally hearing (NH) children, and (b) the effectiveness of maternal support strategies in eliciting adequate answers in children with CI. Twenty preschoolers with CIs (M = 40 months) and 40 NH children - 20 matched by chronological age (CANH, M = 40 months) and 20 matched by hearing age (HANH, M = 25 months) - were videotaped during shared book reading and toy play with their mothers...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Sarah Nelson, Andrea McDuffie, Amy Banasik, Robyn Tempero Feigles, Angela John Thurman, Leonard Abbeduto
This study examined the impact of a distance-delivered parent-implemented narrative language intervention on the use of inferential language during shared storytelling by school-aged boys with fragile X syndrome, an inherited neurodevelopmental disorder. Nineteen school-aged boys with FXS and their biological mothers participated. Dyads were randomly assigned to an intervention or a treatment-as-usual comparison group. Transcripts from all pre- and post-intervention sessions were coded for child use of prompted and spontaneous inferential language coded into various categories...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Anja Lowit, Agata Marchetti, Stephen Corson, Anja Kuschmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Angela Clarke, Pamela J Meredith, Tanya A Rose, Michael Daubney
This paper provides an introduction to epistemic trust for speech-language pathologists (SLPs). 'Epistemic trust' describes a specific form of trust that an individual places in others when learning about the world, particularly the social world. To date, the relevance of epistemic trust to SLP clinical practice has received little theoretical or empirical attention. The aim of this paper is to define epistemic trust and explain its relationship with parent-child attachment and mentalization which have, in turn, been linked with language development and use...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Akiko Fuse
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the needs for and barriers to success of underrepresented students in the Communication Sciences and Disorders field and to determine factors linked to student persistence and academic achievement. METHOD: An online survey was completed by 126 undergraduates pursuing graduate studies in Communication Sciences and Disorders. Data were subjected to Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis H tests. RESULTS: Survey responses indicated that financial matters exerted the most influence on students' preparation for and number of choices for graduate-school applications...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Rena Lyons, Sue Roulstone
There are policy and theoretical drivers for listening directly to children's perspectives. These perspectives can provide insights to children's experiences of their daily lives and ways in which they construct their multiple identities. Qualitative methodology is a useful research paradigm with regard to exploring children's experiences. However, listening to the perspectives of children with speech and language disorders is a relatively new field of research. Therefore, it is important that researchers share their experiences of using methods and reflect on the strengths and limitations of these methods...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Sterling Quinn, Nathaniel Swain
Research suggests that transgender young offenders are a uniquely vulnerable caseload that may benefit from speech pathology intervention to help bring their voice into alignment with their gender identity. However, no previous studies have investigated treatment efficacy in this population. This study investigated the impact of intensive voice feminisation therapy targeting fundamental frequency and oral resonance in a 17 year old transgender individual within a youth justice institution. Acoustic analysis, listener and self-ratings of vocal femininity, self-ratings of vocal satisfaction, a post-treatment structured interview, and pre- and post- treatment completion of the Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQ MtF ) were utilised to determine treatment impact...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Daichi Iimura, Yasuto Yada, Kazuya Imaizumi, Toshimitsu Takeuchi, Manami Miyawaki, John Van Borsel
PURPOSE: To determine laypeople's knowledge and awareness of stuttering in Japan. METHODS: A total of 303 respondents, recruited by street sampling, completed a questionnaire assessing the prevalence, onset, gender distribution, occurrence in different races, cause, treatment, association with intelligence, and hereditariness of stuttering. The questionnaire used was a Japanese version of that devised by Van Borsel, Verniers, and Bouvry (1999) for use in Belgium...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Dolors Girbau
PURPOSE: This paper examines whether bilingual children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) showed limited comprehension of Direct Object (DO) pronoun sentences and/or morphosyntactic priming compared to children with Typical Language Development (TLD) and adults. We analyzed the relation of these morphosyntactic processes to other psycholinguistic abilities, according to the MUC (Memory-Unification-Control) model. METHOD: Ten bilingual native Spanish-speaking children with SLI (8;3-10;6) and 10 age-matched children with TLD (7;6-10;10) received a psycholinguistic evaluation in Spanish-English...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Laura Bruneel, Kim Bettens, Marc De Bodt, Nathalie Roche, Katrien Bonte, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE AND SUBJECTS: Speech outcomes were described for 16 patients with cleft palate (mean age: 5.4 years) following Sommerlad primary palatoplasty performed by a single surgeon of the Ghent University Hospital. These speech outcomes were compared with those of an age and gender matched control group without cleft palate (mean age: 5.3 years). METHODS: Speech intelligibility/distinctiveness, resonance, nasal airflow and articulation, were perceptually evaluated...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Marcia J Hay-McCutcheon, Nathaniel R Peterson, David B Pisoni, Karen Iler Kirk, Xin Yang, Jason Parton
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate performance on two challenging listening tasks, talker and regional accent discrimination, and to assess variables that could have affected the outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study using 35 adults with one cochlear implant (CI) or a CI and a contralateral hearing aid (bimodal hearing) was conducted. Adults completed talker and regional accent discrimination tasks. METHODS: Two-alternative forced-choice tasks were used to assess talker and accent discrimination in a group of adults who ranged in age from 30 years old to 81 years old...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Victoria Tumanova, Dahye Choi, Edward G Conture, Tedra A Walden
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the Test of Childhood Stuttering observational rating scales (TOCS; Gillam et al., 2009) (1) differed between parents who did versus did not express concern (independent from the TOCS) about their child's speech fluency; (2) correlated with children's frequency of stuttering measured during a child-examiner conversation; and (3) correlated with the length and complexity of children's utterances, as indexed by mean length of utterance (MLU)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Barbara A Lewis, Sonia Minnes, Meeyoung O Min, Elizabeth J Short, Miaoping Wu, Adelaide Lang, Paul Weishampel, Lynn T Singer
OBJECTIVES: In this study, the authors aimed to examine the association of a range of blood lead levels on language skills assessed at 4, 6, 10 and 12 years of age using a prospective longitudinal design controlling for potential confounding variables including maternal vocabulary, caregiver's psychological distress and symptomatology, child's race and prenatal drug exposure. METHODS: The participants (N = 278) were a subsample of a large longitudinal study that examined the association of prenatal drug exposure on children who were followed prospectively from birth and assessed for receptive and expressive language skills at 4, 6, 10 and 12 years of age...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Dahye Choi, Edward G Conture, Victoria Tumanova, Chagit E Clark, Tedra A Walden, Robin M Jones
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether young children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) with a positive versus negative family history of stuttering differ in articulation, language and attentional abilities and family histories of articulation, language and attention related disorders. METHOD: Participants were 25 young CWS and 50 young CWNS. All 75 participants' caregivers consistently reported a positive or negative family history of stuttering across three consecutive time points that were about 8 months apart for a total of approximately 16 months...
January 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Yaser S Natour, Wesam B Darawsheh, Sara Bashiti, Majd Wari, Juhayna Taha, Thair Odeh
PURPOSE: to investigate acoustic features of phonation and perception of voice handicap in street vendors. METHODS: Eighty-eight participants (44 street vendors, 44 controls) were recruited. The mean age of the group was 38.9±16.0 years (range: 20-78 years). Scores of the Arabic version of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI-Arab) were used for analysis. Acoustic measures of fundamental frequency (F0 ), jitter, shimmer, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were also analyzed...
January 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Haley C Dresang, Lyn S Turkstra
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury often experience impairments in pragmatic language functions. Pragmatic language has been studied primarily in connected language genres such as narratives. It may be, however, that individuals with traumatic brain injury also miss microscopic cues, such as social cues embedded in single word meanings or sentence structure. The current study examined one type of sentence-level pragmatic language cue: implicit causality bias...
January 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Hillary Ganek, Alice Eriks-Brophy
The Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) System is a relatively new recording technology that can be used to investigate typical child language acquisition and populations with language disorders. The purpose of this paper is to familiarize language acquisition researchers and speech-language pathologists with how the LENA System is currently being used in research. The authors outline issues in peer-reviewed research based on the device. Considerations when using the LENA System are discussed.
December 16, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
Akiko Fuse, Yuliya Navichkova, Krysteena Alloggio
PURPOSE: To provide effective treatment to clients, speech-language pathologists must be understood, and be perceived to demonstrate the personal qualities necessary for therapeutic practice (e.g., resourcefulness and empathy). One factor that could interfere with the listener's perception of non-native speech is the speaker's accent. The current study explored the relationship between how accurately listeners could understand non-native speech and their perceptions of personal attributes of the speaker...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
Stephanie Hearnshaw, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro
PURPOSE: To investigate whether Australian-English speaking children with and without speech sound disorder (SSD) differ in their overall speech perception accuracy. Additionally, to investigate differences in the perception of specific phonemes and the association between speech perception and speech production skills. METHOD: Twenty-five Australian-English speaking children aged 48-60 months participated in this study. The SSD group included 12 children and the typically developing (TD) group included 13 children...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
Alejandra Auza B, Mary Towle Harmon, Chiharu Murata
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) have grammatical and lexical difficulties when telling stories. The aim of this work was to explore whether language productivity measures, such as mean length of utterance (MLU), percentage of ungrammatical sentences (%UGS), total number of words (TNW), and number of different words (NDW) produced by young children during a story retell task, can be used to accurately differentiate monolingual Spanish-speaking children with SLI from children with typical language development (TLD)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
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