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Marine Pollution Bulletin

William B Driskell, James R Payne
During the Deepwater Horizon blowout, unprecedented volumes of dispersant were applied both on the surface and at depth. Application at depth was intended to disperse the oil into smaller microdroplets that would increase biodegradation and also reduce the volumes buoyantly rising to the surface, thereby reducing surface exposures, recovery efforts, and potential stranding. In forensically examining 5300 offshore water samples for the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) effort, profiles of deep-plume oil droplets (from filtered water samples) were compared with those also containing dispersant indicators to reveal a previously hypothesized but undocumented, accelerated dissolution of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the plume samples...
March 11, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Haiying Lin, Tao Sun, Matthew P Adams, Yi Zhou, Xiaomei Zhang, Shaochun Xu, Ruiting Gu
Trace element accumulation is an anthropogenic threat to seagrass ecosystems, which in turn may affect the health of humans who depend on these ecosystems. Trace element accumulation in seagrass meadows may vary temporally due to, e.g., seasonal patterns in sediment discharge from upstream areas. In addition, when several trace elements are present in sufficiently high concentrations, the risk of seagrass loss due to the cumulative impact of these trace elements is increased. To assess the seasonal variation and cumulative risk of trace element contamination to seagrass meadows, trace element (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Hg, Mn and Zn) levels in surface sediment and seagrass tissues were measured in the largest Chinese Zostera japonica habitat, located in the Yellow River Estuary, at three sites and three seasons (fall, spring and summer) in 2014-2015...
March 10, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
L G Egea, R Jiménez-Ramos, J J Vergara, I Hernández, F G Brun
Global (e.g. climate change) and local factors (e.g. nutrient enrichment) act together in nature strongly hammering coastal ecosystems, where seagrasses play a critical ecological role. This experiment explores the combined effects of warming, acidification and ammonium enrichment on the seagrass Cymodocea nodosa under a full factorial mesocosm design. Warming increased plant production but at the expense of reducing carbon reserves. Meanwhile, acidification had not effects on plant production but increased slightly carbon reserves, while a slight stimulation of net production and a slight decrease on carbon reserves under ammonium supply were recorded...
February 20, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Inés Mazarrasa, Jimena Samper-Villarreal, Oscar Serrano, Paul S Lavery, Catherine E Lovelock, Núria Marbà, Carlos M Duarte, Jorge Cortés
Seagrass meadows provide multiple ecosystem services, yet they are among the most threatened ecosystems on earth. Because of their role as carbon sinks, protection and restoration of seagrass meadows contribute to climate change mitigation. Blue Carbon strategies aim to enhance CO2 sequestration and avoid greenhouse gasses emissions through the management of coastal vegetated ecosystems, including seagrass meadows. The implementation of Blue Carbon strategies requires a good understanding of the habitat characteristics that influence Corg sequestration...
February 16, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
M Cabrini, F Cerino, A de Olazabal, E Di Poi, C Fabbro, D Fornasaro, A Goruppi, V Flander-Putrle, J Francé, S Gollasch, M Hure, L Lipej, D Lučić, E Magaletti, P Mozetič, T Tinta, A Tornambè, V Turk, J Uhan, M David
Ballast water discharges may cause negative impacts to aquatic ecosystems, human health and economic activities by the introduction of potentially harmful species. Fifty untreated ballast water tanks, ten in each port, were sampled in four Adriatic Italian ports and one Slovenian port. Salinity, temperature and fluorescence were measured on board. Faecal indicator bacteria (FIB), phyto- and zooplankton were qualitatively and quantitatively determined to identify the species assemblage arriving in ballast water...
February 14, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Matej David, Stephan Gollasch
The ballast water management convention incorporates principles of risk assessment. A new ballast water management risk assessment model was developed to support the implementation of most efficient management measures, which we also present as a flowchart decision support system model. The risk assessment model was tested using data from port baseline surveys where available, and real shipping and ballast water discharges data. The here presented ballast water management risk assessment and possible management options are applicable elsewhere to support and improve complex decision making in the implementation of management requirements according to the ballast water management convention...
February 14, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Andréfouët Serge, Subky Berny, Gaspar Philippe, Farhan A Riza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Nur Azmi R Setyawidati, Maya Puspita, Awaludin H Kaimuddin, Ita Widowati, Eric Deslandes, Nathalie Bourgougnon, Valérie Stiger-Pouvreau
The potential of Indonesian bays as alginate producers was assessed by determining the stock of wild brown algae and exploring their biomass as alginophytes at the scale of entire bay, using a combination of field observations, remote sensing high resolution data and GIS tools. Ekas Bay in Lombok Island presented a stock of brown macroalgae which varied with season and species: for Padina the biomass reached 97.85±12.63 and 79.54±2.53tons in May/June and November respectively; for Sargassaceae species, it reached 669...
February 5, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Thomas W Therriault, Jocelyn C Nelson, James T Carlton, Lauran Liggan, Michio Otani, Hiroshi Kawai, Danielle Scriven, Gregory M Ruiz, Cathryn Clarke Murray
Marine debris from the Great Tsunami of 2011 represents a unique transport vector for Japanese species to reach Pacific North America and Hawaii. Here we characterize the invasion risk of invertebrate species associated with tsunami debris using a screening-level risk assessment tool - the Canadian Marine Invasive Screening Tool (CMIST). Higher-risk invertebrate invaders were identified for each of five different ecoregions. Some of these are well-known global invaders, such as the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis and the ascidian Didemnum vexillum which already have invasion histories in some of the assessed ecoregions, while others like the sea star Asterias amurensis and the shore crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus have yet to invade large portions of the assessed ecoregions but also are recognized global invaders...
January 25, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
G Romanelli, D Berto, N Calace, M Amici, S Maltese, M Formalewicz, A Campanelli, M Marini, E Magaletti, A Scarpato
Oxidant treatment of ballast water (BW) is commonly used in BW systems in order to minimize the transport of alien species. The release of disinfection by-products (DBPs) associated to the treatment of BW and cross-contamination of butyltin (BT) compounds through BW discharge is a topic of environmental concern. A chemical port baseline survey has been conducted in seven ports of the Adriatic Sea. Analysis have been performed on transplanted mussels, surface sediment, seawater, BW. Results showed an evidence of BT contamination, particularly in sediments, probably related to their illegal usage or to intensive shipping activities...
January 17, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
E Azzurro, L Bolognini, B Dragičević, D Drakulović, J Dulčić, E Fanelli, F Grati, J Kolitari, L Lipej, E Magaletti, O Marković, S Matić-Skoko, B Mavrič, N Milone, A Joksimović, J Tomanić, A Scarpato, P Tutman, D Vrdoljak, F Zappacosta
Marine bioinvasions and other rapid biodiversity changes require today integrating existing monitoring tools with other complementary detection strategies to provide a more efficient management. Here we explored the efficacy of fishermen observations and traditional port surveys to effectively track the occurrence of both indigenous and non-indigenous megafauna in the Adriatic Sea. This consisted mainly of mobile taxa such as fishes, crustaceans and molluscs. Port surveys using traps and nets within 10 major Adriatic harbours, were compared with the information obtained from 153 interviews with local fishermen...
January 11, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Jessica A Miller, Reva Gillman, James T Carlton, Cathryn Clarke Murray, Jocelyn C Nelson, Michio Otani, Gregory M Ruiz
Nearly 300 coastal marine species collected from >630 debris items from the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami have landed alive along the North American Pacific coast and the Hawaiian Archipelago. We synthesized life history, environmental, and distributional traits for 103 of these species and compared species with (n=30) and without (n=62) known invasion histories. The species represent 12 phyla, and Mollusca, Crustacea, and Bryozoa accounted for 71 of the 103 species. The majority are native to the Northwest Pacific and the Central Indo-Pacific...
January 11, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Pedro Beca-Carretero, Freddy Guihéneuf, Lázaro Marín-Guirao, Jaime Bernardeau-Esteller, Rocío García-Muñoz, Dagmar B Stengel, Juan M Ruiz
Global warming is emerging as one of the most critical threats to terrestrial and marine species worldwide. This study assessed the effects of simulated warming events in culture on two seagrass species, Posidonia oceanica and Cymodocea nodosa, which play a key role in coastal ecosystems of the Mediterranean Sea. Changes in fatty acids as key metabolic indicators were assessed in specimens from two geographical populations of each species adapted to different in situ temperature regimes. Total fatty acid (TFA) content and composition were compared in C...
January 10, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Cathryn Clarke Murray, Nikolai Maximenko, Sherry Lippiatt
Marine debris is one of the leading threats to the ocean and the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011 washed away an estimated 5million tons of debris in a single, tragic event. Here we used shoreline surveys, disaster debris reports and ocean drift models to investigate the temporal and spatial trends in the arrival of tsunami marine debris. The increase in debris influx to surveyed North American and Hawaiian shorelines was substantial and significant, representing a 10 time increase over the baseline in northern Washington State where a long term dataset was available...
January 10, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Patricija Mozetič, Monica Cangini, Janja Francé, Mauro Bastianini, Fabrizio Bernardi Aubry, Mia Bužančić, Marina Cabrini, Federica Cerino, Marijeta Čalić, Raffaele D'Adamo, Dragana Drakulović, Stefania Finotto, Daniela Fornasaro, Federica Grilli, Romina Kraus, Nataša Kužat, Daniela Marić Pfannkuchen, Živana Ninčević Gladan, Marinella Pompei, Ana Rotter, Irene Servadei, Sanda Skejić
An inventory of phytoplankton diversity in 12 Adriatic ports was performed with the port baseline survey. Particular emphasis was put on the detection of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens (HAOP) because of their negative impact on ecosystem, human health, and the economy. Phytoplanktonic HAOP are identified as species, either native or non-indigenous (NIS), which can trigger harmful algal blooms (HAB). A list of 691 taxa was prepared, and among them 52 were classified as HAB and five as NIS. Records of toxigenic NIS (Pseudo-nitzschia multistriata, Ostreopsis species including O...
December 30, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Olivier Laroche, Susanna A Wood, Louis A Tremblay, Joanne I Ellis, Gavin Lear, Xavier Pochon
Standardized ecosystem-based monitoring surveys are critical for providing information on marine ecosystem health. Environmental DNA/RNA (eDNA/eRNA) metabarcoding may facilitate such surveys by quickly and effectively characterizing multi-trophic levels. In this study, we assessed the suitability of eDNA/eRNA metabarcoding to evaluate changes in benthic assemblages of bacteria, Foraminifera and other eukaryotes along transects at three offshore oil and gas (O&G) drilling and production sites, and compared these to morphologically characterized macro-faunal assemblages...
February 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Y Alosairi, T Pokavanich, N Alsulaiman
Hydrodynamics and associated environmental processes have always been of major concern to coastal-dependent countries, such as Kuwait. This is due to the environmental impact that accompanies the economic and commercial activities along the coastal areas. In the current study, a three-dimensional numerical model is utilized to unveil the main dynamic and physical properties of Kuwait Bay during the critical season. The model performance over the summer months (June, July and August 2012) is assessed against comprehensive field measurements of water levels, velocity, temperature and salinity data before using the model to describe the circulation as driven by tides, gravitational convection and winds...
February 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Alexandra G M Caron, Colette R Thomas, Kathryn L E Berry, Cherie A Motti, Ellen Ariel, Jon E Brodie
Ocean contamination by plastics is a global issue. Although ingestion of plastic debris by sea turtles has been widely documented, contamination by microplastics (<5mm) is poorly known and likely to be under-reported. We developed a microplastic extraction protocol for examining green turtle (Chelonia mydas) chyme, which is multifarious in nature, by modifying and combining pre-established methods used to separate microplastics from organic matter and sediments. This protocol consists of visual inspection, nitric acid digestion, emulsification of residual fat, density separation, and chemical identification by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
February 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
D Castro, C L Mieiro, J P Coelho, S Guilherme, A Marques, M A Santos, A C Duarte, E Pereira, M Pacheco
The decline of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla L., 1758) population throughout Europe has been partially attributed to pollution. As glass eel estuarine migration may represent a considerable threat, the impact of mercury (Hg) contamination at this stage was evaluated through an in situ experiment (7days). Total Hg (tHg) bioaccumulation was evaluated concomitantly with erythrocytic nuclear morphology alterations: erythrocytic nuclear abnormalities assay (ENA), frequency of immature erythrocytes (IE) and the erythrocytic maturity index (EMI)...
February 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Saif Uddin, Montaha Behbehani
This study focuses on creating a baseline for40 K,210 Pb,137 Cs,90 Sr,226 Ra,228 Ra,238 U,235 U,234 U,239+240 Pu and238 Pu in marine sediments in the northwestern Gulf. The respective measured concentration ranges were 386-489, 32.3-48.8, 1.5-2.9, 4.53-5.42, 18.3-23.1, 18.8-23.0, 22.3-30.5, 0.99-1.33, 25.6-34.8, 0.30-0.93, and 0.0008-0.00018Bqkg-1 . The levels of these radionuclides are generally comparable to values reported for other marine waters in the northern hemisphere. The137 Cs activity in the Gulf sediments offshore Kuwait is an order of magnitude lower compared to sediments from northeastern Iran...
February 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
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