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Acta Stomatologica Croatica

Katarina Komar, Ana Glavina, Vanja Vučićević Boras, Željko Verzak, Vlaho Brailo
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate smoking habits, the level of knowledge and attitudes towards smoking, as well as the role of dental professionals in prevention of smoking among students of the School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb and compare them to attitudes of practicing Croatian dentists. Materials and methods: The study was carried out among 1st and 6th year dental students at the School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb and dentists employed in primary practice throughout Croatia...
June 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Zukanović Amila, Habibović Jasmin, Habibović Edina, Ajanović Muhamed, Bajrić Elmedin
Introduction: In Bosnia and Herzegovina, apart from domicile population, there is a certain number of displaced persons. Most of them are situated in the area of Canton Tuzla. These persons are generally at risk of and being watched for various diseases, including the disease of the orofacial area. Dental fear and anxiety (DFA) is also inevitably present in displaced persons, with higher prevalence compared with general population. Therefore, the aim was to evaluate the DFA presence and the most common reasons for dental fear and anxiety in displaced persons in our country...
June 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Žarko Udiljak, Davor Illeš, Dubravka Knezović Zlatarić, Robert Ćelić
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of clinical experience level on the shade matching accuracy in different dental occupational groups. Materials and methods: A total of 80 participants, assigned to one of four groups depending on the level of their clinical experience in shade matching: dental technicians (DTs), residents in prosthodontics (RPs), specialists in prosthodontics (SPs) and dental students (DSs) took part in the study. They were asked to use Tooth guide Training Box (TTB) and determine 15 standardized shade tabs using VITA 3D-Master shade guide...
June 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Kristian Tadić, Višnja Katić, Stjepan Špalj
Objective of work: Caries represents a significant public health problem. Caries free dentition and good oral hygiene are prerequisites for inclusion into orthodontic treatment. The objective of this research was to assess oral health of the patients referred for an orthodontic assessment. Subjects and methods: In this cross sectional study, dental records of 351 patients aged 6-23 years (55% females), were referred to an orthodontist by a general dentist during 2014 and 2015 in Rijeka, and the records were subsequently analyzed...
June 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Iva Z Alajbeg, Ratka Boric Brakus, Ivan Brakus
Objective of work: The authors conducted a clinical study to evaluate the effectiveness of amitriptyline in treatment of chronic TMD patients and to compare treatment results with stabilization splint. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one patients with chronic TMD were included and randomly distributed into 3 groups: patients in Group A received amitriptyline, patients in Group B received placebo, and those in Group C were treated with stabilization splint. Treatment outcomes (pain assessed by a visual analogue scale (VAS), maximal comfortable mouth opening (MCO) and oral health related quality of life (OHIP-14)) were taken at baseline (before treatment), and at 1st , 6th and 12th week of treatment...
June 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Ana Škrinjarić, Mladen Šlaj, Martina Šlaj
Objective: To compare the degree of dental arch fluctuating asymmetry (FA) among patients with Class I, II, and III malocclusions. Subjects and methods: The sample comprised randomly selected plaster casts of 131 patients: 39 Class I (19 males and 20 females), 57 Class II (23 males and 34 females), and 35 Class III (20 males and 15 females). Dental models were scanned and digitized using ATOS II SO. The measurements of the teeth and dental arches were taken using the ATOS viewer version 6...
June 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Rawan Albeshti, Saroash Shahid
Objective: To evaluate the microleakage of four direct restorative materials. Materials and Methods: Sixteen sound bovine incisors were chosen and randomly divided into four groups; Group I-Zirconomer, Group II-KetacTM Silver, Group III-FiltekTM Z500 (composite) and Group IV-Dispersalloy ® (amalgam). Seven proximal (mesial & distal) cavities, for each material were prepared and restored. All restored samples were stored in 37o C distilled water for 24 hr and then subjected to thermo-cycling process at temperatures between 5-55o C...
June 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Nika Spanović, Matej Par, Hrvoje Skendrović, Ruža Bjelovučić, Katica Prskalo, Zrinka Tarle
Objective: To investigate the real-time temperature rise during light-curing of experimental composite materials containing bioactive glass 45S5 (BG) and compare it to the temperature rise in three commercial composites. Materials and methods: Five light-curable composite materials containing 0-40 wt% of BG and a total filler load of 70 wt% were prepared. Cylindrical composite specimens 6 mm in diameter and 2 mm thick were cured using Bluephase G2 (Ivoclar Vivadent) at 1200 mW/cm2 for 30 s...
June 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Gabriel S Barbério, Ana C G Zingra, Paulo S S Santos, Maria A A M Machado
Objective: To describe a form of tooth pigmentation caused by serum bilirubin deposition during dental calcification in a premature child. The bilirubin levels during the three months after birth are presented. In this period the crowns of the primary teeth are still forming. Such anomaly does not have symptoms, but has a displeasing effect and great anxiety within the family. Case report: The case reported here highlights the relevance of past medical history, especially the diagnoses of prolonged conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, in this case, to confirm them and to comfort the family...
March 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Ferial Perjuci, Resmije Ademi-Abdyli, Yll Abdyli, Enesë Morina, Ali Gashi, Zana Agani, Jehona Ahmedi
Cystic lesions of the jaws such as keratocysts (scientific community still continues to use the term 'odontogenic keratocyst' more favourably than 'keratocystic odontogenic tumour' although both terms remain acceptable synonyms), follicular cysts, radicular cysts, and residual cysts may reach large proportions, causing considerable bone destruction. Enucleation of cystic lesions in the jaw produces bone defects, which may recover spontaneously or with assisted healing with the use of autogenous bone graft or other bone substitute materials...
March 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Iva Japundžić, Dario Novak, Matea Kuna, Gaby Novak-Bilić, Liborija Lugović-Mihić
Objectives: To determine prevalence of undesirable, work-related skin lesions and their localizations in dental professionals and students, and to collect data about diagnostic procedures they undergo and skin care they take when these lesions occur. Subjects and methods: Our research included 444 respondents (dentists, dental assistants, dental technicians, dental students) who filled out a questionnaire. They were asked to specify if they had observed any lesions on their skin and where; if they had undergone any treatments and in what way; if they had undergone any allergy tests; and if they had taken any protective measures...
March 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Esam Halboub, Mohammed Nasser Alhajj, Ali Mohammed AlKhairat, Al-Anood Madani Sahaqi, Mir Faeq Ali Quadri
Aim: This study aimed at evaluating the perceived stress and its sources among undergraduate dental students at Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the data were collected using the DES questionnaire. The overall score of stress and scores by individual domains were described and analyzed by different grouping factors: gender, study level, marital status and GPA. Results: A total of 366 dental students agreed to take a part in this study...
March 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Antonija Jurela, Željko Verzak, Vlaho Brailo, Ivana Škrinjar, Karlo Sudarević, Bernard Janković
Objectives: It is known from the existing literature that metal ions within orthodontic appliances are prone to corrosion due to the salivary and bacterial interplay in the oral cavity. The results from the most studies show that levels of salivary nickel and chromium do not increase after the installment of orthodontic appliances. Material and methods: However, there are no studies on salivary levels of titanium, cobalt, copper and zinc in these patients. Salivary levels of nickel (Ni), titanium (Ti), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) were measured in 42 patients with ceramic brackets and in 42 patients with metal conventional brackets prior to insertion of orthodontic appliances and six months after insertion of orthodontic appliances by means of inductive coupled plasma/mass spectrometry...
March 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Samir Čimić, Sonja Kraljević Šimunković, Ana Savić Mlakar, Sunčana Simonić Kocijan, Petra Tariba, Amir Ćatić
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate reproducibility of the position of centric relation in patients with disc displacement with reduction. Materials and methods: The test group included 30 subjects, diagnosed with disc displacement with reduction in right, left or both joints. The control group included 12 individuals with no signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders. Using chin point guidance with a jig, centric relation record was made three times by every participant, in a single session...
March 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Rebeca Ayala Sola, Pablo Ayala Sola, Javier De La Cruz Pérez, Iván Nieto Sánchez, Inés Díaz Renovales
Objectives: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the prevalence of hypodontia in a sample of dental patients, aged between seven and eleven years at University Alfonso X in Madrid (Spain). Materials and Methods: The number of hypodontia cases and the most affected teeth were evaluated in 2500 panoramic radiographs in a random sample of dental patients consisting of 1235 females and 1265 males. We divided them according to age, number of hypodontia present in each patient (multiple or single), each side, each quadrant either in the upper jaw or in the mandible...
March 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Antun Vidaković, Sandra Anić-Milošević, Daša Nikolov Borić, Senka Meštrović
Objective: This study compared mesiodistal (MD) and buccolingual (BL) tooth dimensions of hypodontia patients with a control group with complete dentition. The null hypothesis was that there was no difference in tooth sizes between hypodontia patients and the controls. Methods: The sample comprised 76 patients with hypodontia (50 female and 26 male) aged between 11 and 18 years. The control group comprised 50 females and 26 males with the same age range as the study group...
March 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Miguel Hernández, Juan-Ramón Boj, Enric Espasa, Benjamin Peretz
Background: Molar-incisor-hypomineralisation (MIH) is a disturbance in dental development that commonly involves first permanent molars but permanent incisors may also be compromised. The prevalence of MIH in the literature varies between 2.5% and 40% of the world child population. Little information is gained on the prevalence of MIH among children in Spain. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of MIH among school children from Barcelona, Spain...
March 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Petar Đanić, Ivan Salarić, Darko Macan
In modern times, all procedures in oral surgery need to be painless and management of postoperative pain needs to be adequate. The surgical extraction of the third molar or alveolectomy of the wisdom tooth is one of the most common surgical procedures carried out in oral surgery and it includes rising a flap, bone removal and suturing. These surgical procedures usually cause swelling, trismus and moderate to severe pain. Third molar surgery is often used as a model in clinical trials that are directed toward reducing postoperative pain and improving its management...
December 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Emanuel S Andrade, Richard A Andrade, José Ricardo D Pereira, Gerhilde Callou
Objective: Vascular malformations are structural anomalies in the blood vessels. They are present at birth and persist throughout life. These malformations can be classified according to the type of vessel involved. A port-wine stain is a vascular malformation characterized by an increased number of ectatic vessels in the dermal vascular plexus, which can be found in any part of the body, including the head and neck region. Over time, most of these stains result in soft tissue hypertrophy and this growth can cause severe facial deformity...
December 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Vanja Vučičević Boras, Dragana Gabrić, Ljiljana Smiljanić Tomičević, Sven Seiwerth, Krešimir Gršić, Božena Šarčević, Božana Lončar Brzak, Emilija Marunica, Ana Glavina
Introduction: The aim of this case report was to discuss an extremely rare oral lesion as a result of primary pulmonary tuberculosis. Case report: In this case report, the patient with refractory painless ulceration at ventral surface of the tongue was described. Detailed medical history was taken followed by clinical examination of the oral mucosa and palpation of regional lymph nodes. Clinical examination revealed ulceration on the patient's ventro-lateral surface of the tongue, approximately two centimeters in diameter...
December 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
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