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Medical Journal of Zambia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25346553/evidence-based-guidelines-for-eeg-utilization-at-the-university-teaching-hospital-uth
#1
Gretchen L Birbeck, E Chomba, M Atadzhanov, A Haworth, E Mbewe, Evans Mwila Mpabalwani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2011: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24363467/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-renal-dysfunction-in-hiv-positive-and-negative-adults-at-the-university-teaching-hospital-in-lusaka
#2
Justor Banda, Aggrey Mweemba, Seter Siziya, Morgan Mweene, Ben Andrews, Shabir Lakhi
BACKGROUND: Despite having the highest disease burden of HIV, Sub-Saharan Africa has limited data on HIV related kidney disease with most available data coming from the developed countries. Kidney disease is a recognised complication in HIV infected patients presenting with acute renal failure (ARF) or chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors associated with renal dysfunction among hospitalised HIV infected patients at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH), Lusaka...
July 2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23476097/a-pilot-study-to-compare-hiv-status-and-cervical-and-penile-pathology-among-couples-attending-the-urology-unit-at-the-university-teaching-hospital-lusaka-zambia
#3
Kasonde Bowa, E Malyangu, C Wood, P Angelleti
BACKGROUND: Cancer of the cervix is the most common malignancy in women of childbearing age in Zambia. It is known to be associated with HIV infection and oncogenic strains of HPV. However, there are few studies of penile lesions as a predictor of malignant and premalignant cervical lesions in female partners. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the association between men with penile lesions and premalignant cervical lesions in their female partners...
April 2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23526859/mapping-postgraduate-research-at-the-university-of-zambia-a-review-of-dissertations-for-the-master-of-medicine-programme
#4
Y Ahmed, Cw Kanyengo, Akakandelwa Akakandelwa
BACKGROUND: The publication of a dissertation is an integral part of the four-year postgraduate degree of Master of Medicine (in clinical disciplines) within the School of Medicine at the University of Zambia. The governing research policy states that the subject matter of the dissertation is expected to cover a topic relevant to health care in the Zambian context, that it be conducted in a way that is consistent with international ethical guidelines for biomedical research involving human subjects, and that research outcomes should be maximally utilized...
2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23457420/scalpel-free-surgery-could-reduce-surgeons-risk-of-hiv-and-hepatitis
#5
Mohamed Labib
The risk of intraoperative Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) infection poses a challenge to practicing surgeons worldwide, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa with its high HIV prevalence. The risk of acquiring HIV infection from one infected percutaneous exposure is 0.3-0.4%. Prior to extensive screening, blood transfusions were responsible for an estimated 5-10% of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa. In this paper we describe the experience of minimally invasive techniques as alternatives to surgery in urology patients...
2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23293399/updates-to-the-world-health-organization-s-recommendations-for-the-use-of-antiretroviral-drugs-for-treating-pregnant-women-and-preventing-hiv-infection-in-infants
#6
Christopher M Bositis, Ignace Gashongore, Devang M Patel
In July 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) released new guidelines entitled, "Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating Pregnant Women and Preventing HIV Infection in Infants: Towards universal access." Previewed in November 2009 in abridged form, the completed document highlights the key WHO recommendations for antiretroviral treatment (ART) and prophylaxis in pregnant women, and contains substantial changes from the 2006 guidelines. Of note, the new guidelines recommend ART for all pregnant women with a CD4 cell count (CD4) less than 350 cells/mm(3), regardless of their clinical stage; includes tenofovir (TDF) as an acceptable alternative component of an ART regimen in pregnant and breastfeeding women; encourages initiation of both ART and antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis early in pregnancy; eliminates single-dose nevirapine (sdNVP) per se as a prophylaxis option; lists three-drug ARV prophylaxis as an option for women who do not need ART for their own health; and introduces extended daily infant nevirapine (ED-NVP) as a strategy for prevention of breast milk transmission of HIV...
2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23255835/non-traumatic-intracranial-infections-at-the-university-teaching-hospital-lusaka-zambia
#7
Laston Chikoya
BACKGROUND: Non traumatic intracranial infections are a well recognized disease process encountered in neurosurgery and otolaryngology practices. In this case series study, we analyze the patients that presented with this condition to the neurosurgical unit of the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia. METHODS: This is a prospective analysis of a case series of patients that were treated for non traumatic intracranial infections. The analysis involved the following parameters: age, sex, clinical presentation, HIV serostatus, CT/neurosurgical findings, microbiology, and treatment outcome...
2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23226902/surviving-sepsis-in-high-hiv-prevalence-settings
#8
Ben Andrews
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23226901/hiv-aids-and-postnatal-depression-at-the-university-teaching-hospital-lusaka-zambia
#9
Augustine Cyimana, Ben Andrews, Yussuf Ahmed, Bellington Vwalika
OBJECTIVE: To study the contribution of HIV/AIDS to the problem of postnatal depression among women receiving postnatal care at University Teaching Hospital (UTH), Lusaka, Zambia. BACKGROUND: Postnatal depression (PND), a major depressive episode during the puerperium, affects between 10% and 22% of adult women before the infant's first birthday. HIV seropositivity has been associated with increased risk of mental disease, but its influence on postnatal depression has not been fully explored. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, involving 229 mothers receiving postnatal care at UTH...
2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23193354/a-review-of-the-2010-who-adult-antiretroviral-therapy-guidelines-implications-and-realities-of-these-changes-for-zambia
#10
Devang M Patel, Crispin Moyo, Christopher M Bositis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23180895/improved-hiv-testing-coverage-after-scale-up-of-antiretroviral-therapy-programs-in-urban-zambia-evidence-from-serial-hospital-surveillance
#11
Nzali G Kancheya, Atia K Jordan, Isaac S Zulu, Duncan Chanda, Sten H Vermund
BACKGROUND: We evaluated changing HIV testing coverage and prevalence rates before and after expanding city-wide antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs in Lusaka, Zambia. METHODS: We conducted serial cross-sectional surveys on the University Teaching Hospital medical ward to assess HIV prevalence among inpatients of unknown status in 2003 and 2006. Willing participants received counseling and dual HIV rapid tests. We compared the proportion of inpatients receiving their test results in 2003 (off-the-ward testing) to 2006 (on-the-ward)...
2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23170039/performance-of-modified-who-presumptive-criteria-for-diagnosis-of-hiv-infection-in-children-18-months-admitted-to-university-teaching-hospital-in-lusaka
#12
Kunda Mutesu-Kapembwa, Ben Andrews, Kenneth Kapembwa, Benjamin H Chi, Yolan Banda, Veronica Mulenga, Chipepo Kankasa
BACKGROUND: Making a diagnosis of HIV infection in children aged less than 18 months remains a challenge in low resource settings like Zambia due to the limited availability of gold standard testing with HIV DNA PCR. Clinicians in rural areas have to depend on clinical diagnosis to start HAART as they wait for the dry blood spot (DBS) for DNA PCR results sent from the urban centers. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia. 299 HIV-exposed children aged less than 18 months were enrolled following a consent procedure...
2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23170038/association-of-hiv-with-breast-abscess-and-altered-microbial-susceptibility-patterns
#13
Bernard Kapatamoyo, Benjamin Andrews, Kasonde Bowa
BACKGROUND: Breast abscesses account for 15% of surgical day cases seen in the UTH. Nearly all of these cases occur in lactating women. Pre-natal HIV prevalence among women seeking care at UTH was estimated at 25% as of 2004. Baseline surveys have shown that up to 60% of soft tissue infections presenting to the UTH are HIV related. OBJECTIVES: To determine if HIV infection is a risk factor for the development of breast abscesses in women presenting to the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) in Lusaka, Zambia...
2010: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6600054/the-management-of-penetrating-cardiac-trauma
#14
D A Watters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1984: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6600053/bilharzial-pipe-stem-portal-fibrosis-in-pregnancy-a-case-report
#15
N C Sikazwe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1984: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6600052/herpes-zoster-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-report-of-4-cases
#16
R C Verma, S K Hira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1984: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6600051/rift-valley-fever-in-chisamba-zambia
#17
T E Watts, G Tembo, N H Ng'andu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1984: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6600050/gram-negative-opportunist-pathogens-and-their-resistance-to-chemotherapeutic-agents-an-observation-in-zambia
#18
B A Shenderov, S D Dube
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1984: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6400678/chloroquine-resistant-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-confirmed-by-in-vivo-testing-in-lusaka
#19
R Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1984: Medical Journal of Zambia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6400677/indapamide-in-the-treatment-of-mild-to-moderate-hypertension
#20
D N Wadhawan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1984: Medical Journal of Zambia
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