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Laboratory Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340248/irradiation-of-red-blood-cells-and-alloimmunization
#1
Christopher A Tormey, Jeanne E Hendrickson
Background: Animal models suggest that red blood cell (RBC) damage incurred during storage can increase immunogenicity to some RBC antigens. We hypothesized that RBC irradiation, a source of oxidative damage, may result in higher RBC alloimmunization rates among transfusion recipients. Methods: Individuals receiving 1 or more gamma-irradiated RBC units, with follow-up antibody screening, were studied. We recorded diagnosis at the time of first irradiated RBC-unit transfusion, total irradiated RBCs received, and alloantibodies detected before and after irradiated RBC transfusion...
March 18, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340232/a-proposed-set-of-metrics-to-reduce-patient-safety-risk-from-within-the-anatomic-pathology-laboratory
#2
Peter Banks, Richard Brown, Alex Laslowski, Yvonne Daniels, Phil Branton, John Carpenter, Richard Zarbo, Ramses Forsyth, Yan-Hui Liu, Shane Kohl, Joachim Diebold, Shinobu Masuda, Tim Plummer, Eslie Dennis
Background: Anatomic pathology laboratory workflow consists of 3 major specimen handling processes. Among the workflow are preanalytic, analytic, and postanalytic phases that contain multistep subprocesses with great impact on patient care. A worldwide representation of experts came together to create a system of metrics, as a basis for laboratories worldwide, to help them evaluate and improve specimen handling to reduce patient safety risk. Method: Members of the Initiative for Anatomic Pathology Laboratory Patient Safety (IAPLPS) pooled their extensive expertise to generate a list of metrics highlighting processes with high and low risk for adverse patient outcomes...
March 18, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340217/establishment-of-reference-interval-for-alkaline-phosphatase-in-healthy-children-of-various-ethnicities-aged-0-12-years
#3
Gu Wanjian, Hu Jie, Ge Liang, Wang Cheng, Xu Tian, Shen Jianjiang, Zhang Chunni
Background: To establish a reference interval of alkaline phosphatase for healthy children of various ethnicities, aged 0 years to 12 years in China. Methods: According to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guideline C28-A3, blood specimens were collected in the morning after overnight fasting from 502 healthy children to determine the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level, using the Beckman AU5800 automatic biochemical analyzer. Children were grouped by sex and age...
March 18, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340153/establishing-a-stand-alone-laboratory-dedicated-to-the-care-of-patients-with-ebola-virus-disease
#4
Jing Cao, Christine Senn, Pedro Castaneda, Sheree Humphries, Amy B Karger
Objective: To describe the process for establishment of a stand-alone laboratory dedicated to testing for Ebola virus disease (EVD). Methods: We selected 2 neighboring rooms for the EVD unit: 1 for patient care and 1 for laboratory testing. A limited test menu was developed after consultation with the team of healthcare providers treating patients with EVD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations, and other sites with EVD expertise. Results: We selected several point-of-care (POC) devices and manual assays to provide necessary testing...
March 13, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340166/complete-blood-count-reference-ranges-from-a-rural-haitian-ambulatory-care-clinic
#5
Robert F Downey
Background: At rural healthcare centers in developing countries, it is difficult to recruit healthy individuals for reference range studies. So, in this study, I evaluated complete blood count (CBC) data to determine reference ranges for a rural Haitian population. Methods: A convenience sample of laboratory records was reviewed to obtain CBC results for 157 adult patients with normal screening examination results. Central 95% reference ranges were determined for male and female subjects...
March 10, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340071/variable-potassium-concentrations-which-is-right-and-which-is-wrong
#6
Talent Theparee, Robert C Benirschke, Hong-Kee Lee
Reverse pseudohyperkalemia is a term used to describe in vitro, falsely elevated potassium concentrations in plasma specimens that occur in association with extreme leukocytosis and are commonly associated with hematologic malignant neoplasms. Tumor lysis syndrome is an in vivo lysis of tumor cells that leads to elevated levels of potassium, uric acid, phosphate, and lactate dehydrogenase, as well as decreased calcium concentrations. Herein, we report a case of a 66-year-old Caucasian man with stage IV mantle-cell lymphoma who has elevated levels of potassium, uric acid, and phosphorus, as well as a white blood cell (WBC) count greater than 100,000 cells per mm3...
March 6, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339785/a-food-debris-like-component-in-the-urine-sediment-from-a-urostomy-pouch
#7
Michiko Yamashita, Masaki Hotta, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Yoh Hidaka, Tadashi Kimura
Microscopic examination of urine sediment is a basic, common method of detecting diseases of the urinary tract. We experienced a case involving a patient who had developed a fever after undergoing a urinary-diversion operation. Results of the microscopic examination of the urine collected from the urostomy pouch of the patient showed a food debris-like component. Based on this finding, we suspected a fistula between the urinary and intestinal tracts. However, after performing an experiment to verify the results, we determined that no fistula was present...
March 2, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122937/health-informatics-tools-to-improve-utilization-of-laboratory-tests
#8
Hassan A Aziz, Hafsa M Alshekhabobakr
Herein, we discuss improper test utilization practices and their implications on delivery of health care, as well as providing a brief explanation of the means to reduce such practices by improvement of personnel factors, particularly involving physicians. The article also elaborates on ways to mitigate improperly utilized test practices using appropriate health informatics technologies to their maximum possible capacities.
January 24, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057801/a-simple-pcr-rflp-method-for-genotyping-of-ifnl4-rs368234815-polymorphism-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#9
Mohammad Pouryasin, Heidar Sharafi, Bita Behnava, Seyed Moayed Alavian, Maryam Keshvari, Ali Pouryasin
BACKGROUND: The IFNL4 rs368234815 polymorphism plays a prominent role in spontaneous and treatment-induced clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study aimed to develop a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method for assessment of rs368234815 polymorphism. METHODS: We genotyped the rs368234815 polymorphism in 87 patients with chronic HCV by PCR sequencing and PCR-RFLP methods, simultaneously. RESULTS: Genotyping of IFNL4 rs368234815 via PCR-RFLP was concordant with PCR sequencing in all 87 individuals (100%)...
January 4, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138093/about-the-journal
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138092/table-of-contents-toc
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138091/cover
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138090/standardizing-phlebotomy-job-descriptions
#13
Jim Cook
BACKGROUND: The University of Maryland Medical System, like all other medical systems, is faced with providing the highest quality care in an environment of increased demands and competition for resources. Some responses to this pressure include improved integration, coordination, and efficiency. Laboratory integration has been highlighted by our medical system as a promising area for improvement. Standardization of practices, including job descriptions, is an important step on this journey...
February 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138089/significance-of-3-utr-and-pathogenic-haplotype-in-glucose-6-phosphate-deficiency
#14
Mallika Chaowanathikhom, Pornlada Nuchnoi, Duangdao Palasuwan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the polymorphisms in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of the G6PD gene and analyze the specific SNPs or haplotypes that may affect messenger RNA (mRNA) secondary structure by in silico analysis. METHODS: We studied the 3'UTR polymorphisms in 107 healthy subjects living in Thailand (ethnicities unknown). The haplotype was analyzed using Haploview software. mRNA secondary structure and microRNA binding of the G6PD gene were predicted by use of the CLC Main Workbench 6...
February 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138088/multi-center-evaluation-of-the-automated-immunohematology-instrument-the-ortho-vision-analyzer
#15
Agnes Aysola, Leslie Wheeler, Richard Brown, Rebecca Denham, Connie Colavecchia, Katerina Pavenski, Elizabeth Krok, Chelsea Hayes, Ellen Klapper
BACKGROUND: ORTHO VISION Analyzer (Vision), is an immunohematology instrument using ID-MT gel card technology with digital image processing. It has a continuous, random sample access with STAT priority processing. The efficiency and ease of operation of Vision was evaluated at 5 medical centers. METHODS: De-identified patient samples were tested on the ORTHO ProVue Analyzer (ProVue) and repeated on the Vision mimicking the daily workload pattern. Turnaround times (TAT) were collected and compared...
February 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794527/the-challenges-of-daratumumab-in-transfusion-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Michael F Dizon
The field of transfusion medicine has evolved rapidly in recent years, but the central principle of transfusion is still simple, namely, the antigen-antibody interaction. Daratumumab (DARA), a monoclonal antibody (MoAb), was developed to treat relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). DARA works by targeting the CD38 portion of malignant cells; however, this drug attaches to the red blood cell (RBC) reagents used in blood banks, further complicating the antibody identification work-up. The AABB (formerly known as the American Association of Blood Banks) has issued a memorandum on how blood banks can effectively address panreactivity caused by DARA...
February 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039379/green-neutrophilic-inclusions-are-frequently-associated-with-liver-injury-and-may-portend-short-term-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients
#17
Elizabeth L Courville, Susan Crisman, Michael A Linden, Sophia Yohe
BACKGROUND: Few studies have described an association among acute liver disease, high short-term mortality, and blue-green refractile neutrophilic inclusions on blood smears. OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with 13 patients and compare our data to those from other cases reported in the literature regarding the interplay of acute liver disease, high short-term mortality, and blue-green refractile neutrophilic inclusions on blood smears. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of blood smears, patient medical information, and outcomes for our 13 studied patients...
December 29, 2016: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039378/haemophilus-species-as-a-urinary-tract-pathogen
#18
L Karen Diedrich, Cora L Manby
Haemophilus species, as a urinary tract pathogen, is rarely encountered. Routine urine culture pathogens are well documented to include Enterobacteriaciae, Enterococcus spp., Staphylococcus spp., Pseudomonas spp., and Candida spp. Pathogens encountered rarely in this context may include Corynebacterium ureolyticus and nonfermenting gram negative bacilli. This case study involves the finding of Haemophilus influenzae in a urine culture performed on a 4-year-old Caucasian girl and Haemophilus parinfluenzae in a 60-year-old African American man with pyelonephritis...
December 29, 2016: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039377/detection-of-serotype-distribution-and-drug-resistance-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-isolated-from-pediatric-patients
#19
Junrong Wang, Fenqin Liu, Peiran Ao, Xianneng Li, Haixiao Zheng, Di Wu, Nina Zhang, Junping Yu, Junhui Yuan, Xiuying Wu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the serotype distribution and drug resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from pediatric patients in a Chinese hospital. METHODS: From October 2011 to May 2014, we collected 284 isolates (including 217 noninvasive and 67 invasive strains). We tested the antimicrobial susceptibility of these specimens using the Epsilomer test and disk diffusion method, and the expression of macrolide resistant genes ermB and mefA by polymerase chain reaction...
December 29, 2016: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007780/ficin-treated-red-cells-help-identify-clinically-significant-alloantibodies-masked-as-reactions-of-undetermined-specificity-in-gel-microtubes
#20
Ben C Hill, Courtney A Hanna, Jill Adamski, Huy P Pham, Marisa B Marques, Lance A Williams
Non-specific antibodies or antibodies of undetermined significance (AUS) often pose problems for a blood bank technologist and physician. It is well known that antibodies can weaken and evanesce over time, thus eluding detection by routine blood bank techniques. Special enhancement techniques exist (eg, ficin treatment); however, they are often underutilized due to concerns over expense. Ficin is known to enhance reactivity caused by antibodies in the ABO, Rh, Kidd, Lewis, I, and P blood group systems, while destroying reactivity of antibodies in the Duffy, and MNS blood group systems...
December 22, 2016: Laboratory Medicine
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