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Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425951/a-novel-approach-to-challenging-ocd-related-beliefs-using-a-mobile-app-an-exploratory-study
#1
María Roncero, Amparo Belloch, Guy Doron
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: According to cognitive models, obsessive compulsive symptoms result from catastrophic misinterpretations of commonly occurring intrusive experiences and the use of counterproductive strategies to manage them. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) related beliefs such as inflated responsibility, importance of thoughts and perfectionism increases the likelihood of such misinterpretations. Consistent with a growing body of literature supporting the usefulness of mobile delivered technologies in fostering cognitive behavior change, the present study assessed the effectiveness of a novel cognitive training exercise designed to challenge OCD-related beliefs...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425950/changes-in-perceived-centrality-of-anxious-events-following-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-and-panic-disorder
#2
Mia Skytte O'Toole, Lynn Watson, Nicole K Rosenberg, Dorthe Berntsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to explore the association between reductions in symptoms of psychopathology and perceived centrality of negative autobiographical memories in participants with social anxiety disorder (SAD) or panic disorder (PD). METHODS: Thirty-nine individuals with SAD or PD recalled and rated four negative autobiographical memories before and after ten sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) over a three-month period...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395038/letter-to-the-editor-metacognitive-training-and-metacognitive-therapy-a-reply-to-lora-capobianco-and-adrian-wells
#3
LETTER
Christina Andreou, Ryan P Balzan, Lena Jelinek, Steffen Moritz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408051/working-mechanisms-of-a-general-positivity-approach-avoidance-training-effects-on-action-tendencies-as-well-as-on-subjective-and-physiological-stress-responses
#4
Gina R A Ferrari, Martin Möbius, Eni S Becker, J Spijker, Mike Rinck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The general positivity training, a Cognitive Bias Modification procedure modifying individuals' approach-avoidance tendencies to positively and negatively valenced pictures by means of a joystick task, has been proven effective in attenuating stress reactivity in dysphoric students. The present study explored which training component (pull positive pictures, push negative pictures, or both) is the active one in changing action tendencies and stress responses...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408052/a-computerized-neuropsychological-evaluation-of-cognitive-functions-in-a-subclinical-obsessive-compulsive-sample
#5
Naama Hamo, Amitai Abramovitch, Ada Zohar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ample research in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) reveals a moderate degree of underperformance on various neuropsychological tasks. Less is known about neuropsychological function in subclinical obsessive-compulsive (OC) samples. Most analogue OCD studies did not use a comprehensive neuropsychological battery and none utilized a fully computerized battery. To fill this gap in the literature, the present study aimed at assessing cognitive functions in a subclinical OC sample using a validated computerized neuropsychological battery...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408050/effect-of-expressive-and-neutral-writing-on-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-response-over-time
#6
Christina M Sheerin, Andrea Konig, Alison M Eonta, Scott R Vrana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Parasympathetic activity, as indexed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), underlies key aspects of emotional and cognitive self-regulation. Examining time-varying RSA response during expressive writing about trauma may help inform theory about mechanisms of this intervention. The present study investigated changes in RSA during expressive writing. METHODS: Participants (N = 246, Mage = 21.5 years, 72% female) were randomly assigned to expressive or neutral writing conditions and wrote for three 20-min sessions...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346083/testing-the-cognitive-catalyst-model-of-rumination-with-explicit-and-implicit-cognitive-content
#7
Christopher C Sova, John E Roberts
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The cognitive catalyst model posits that rumination and negative cognitive content, such as negative schema, interact to predict depressive affect. Past research has found support for this model using explicit measures of negative cognitive content such as self-report measures of trait self-esteem and dysfunctional attitudes. The present study tested whether these findings would extend to implicit measures of negative cognitive content such as implicit self-esteem, and whether effects would depend on initial mood state and history of depression...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331440/the-effect-of-bilateral-eye-movements-versus-no-eye-movements-on-sexual-fantasies
#8
Ross M Bartels, Leigh Harkins, Samantha C Harrison, Nikki Beard, Anthony R Beech
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bilateral eye-movements (EMs) and visual mental imagery both require working memory resources. When performed together, they compete for these resources, which can cause various forms of mental imagery to become impaired (e.g., less vivid). This study aimed to examine whether EMs impair sexual fantasies (a form of mental imagery) in the same manner. METHODS: Eighty undergraduates (40 males, 40 females) took part in four counterbalanced conditions: (1) EMs and an experience-based sexual fantasy; (2) EMs and an imagination-based sexual fantasy; (3) experience-based sexual fantasy only; and (4) imagination-based sexual fantasy only...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291473/the-effects-of-the-non-contingent-presentation-of-safety-signals-on-the-elimination-of-safety-behaviors-an-experimental-comparison-between-individuals-with-low-and-high-obsessive-compulsive-profiles
#9
Ioannis Angelakis, Jennifer L Austin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Safety behaviors, defined as engagement in avoidance within safe environments, are a key symptom of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. They may interfere with daily functioning and as such their emission should be reduced. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the effects of the non-contingent presentation of safety signals (cues produced by safety behaviors) on reducing safety behaviors in participants self-reporting low and high OCD profiles...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351861/improving-implementation-of-evidence-based-practice-for-people-with-psychosis-through-training-the-wider-workforce-results-of-the-goals-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Helen Waller, Sabine Landau, Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo, Suzanne Jolley, Paul McCrone, Rikesh Halkoree, Nedah Basit, Catherine Iredale, Catherine Tunnard, Darshan Zala, Tom J K Craig, Philippa Garety
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a pressing need to improve access to evidence-based practice for people with psychosis. The primary aim of this study was to assess clinical feasibility of a manualised, evidence-based CBT intervention (GOALS) targeting a personalised recovery goal, delivered by the frontline workforce, following brief training. Secondly, we aimed to conduct preliminary statistical analyses of key outcomes and costs. METHODS: The GOALS study is a feasibility randomised controlled trial (ISRCTN 73188383)...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279140/letter-to-the-editor-metacognitive-therapy-or-metacognitive-training-what-s-in-a-name
#11
LETTER
Lora Capobianco, Adrian Wells
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253640/introducing-an-experimental-paradigm-to-investigate-expectation-change-expec
#12
Tobias Kube, Winfried Rief, Mario Gollwitzer, Julia A Glombiewski
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dysfunctional expectations are considered to be core features of various mental disorders. Clinical observations suggest that people suffering from mental disorders such as major depression tend to maintain dysfunctional expectations despite expectation-disconfirming evidence. Surprisingly, this clinically relevant phenomenon has not yet sufficiently been investigated in empirical studies. Therefore, we developed an experimental paradigm to investigate expectation change vs...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247958/inductive-and-deductive-reasoning-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
Janice Liew, Jessica R Grisham, Brett K Hayes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the hypothesis that participants diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) show a selective deficit in inductive reasoning but are equivalent to controls in deductive reasoning. METHODS: Twenty-five participants with OCD and 25 non-clinical controls made inductive and deductive judgments about a common set of arguments that varied in logical validity and the amount of positive evidence provided (premise sample size)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197226/tolerance-of-negative-emotion-moderates-the-amplification-of-mental-contamination-following-an-evoking-task-a-randomized-experimental-study
#14
Thomas A Fergus
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contamination is a near universal feeling, with mental contamination representing a contamination feeling in the absence of direct physical contact with a source. Extant research indicates that tolerance of negative emotion is important for understanding emotional reactions to images, thoughts, and memories, all of which are common sources of mental contamination. Extending research linking distress tolerance to mental contamination, this study examined if individual differences in the tolerance of negative emotion moderates the amplification of mental contamination following an evoking task...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869825/patient-learning-of-treatment-contents-in-cognitive-therapy
#15
Nicole B Gumport, Lu Dong, Jason Y Lee, Allison G Harvey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research has demonstrated that both memory and learning for treatment contents are poor, and that both are associated with worse treatment outcome. The Memory Support Intervention has been shown to improve memory for treatment, but it has not yet been established if this intervention can also improve learning of treatment contents. This study was designed to document the number of times participants exhibited each of the indices of learning, to examine the indices of learning and their relationship to recall of treatment points, and to investigate the association between the indices of learning and depression outcome...
March 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419917/the-effect-of-social-exclusion-on-state-paranoia-and-explicit-and-implicit-self-esteem-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#16
C Stewart, F Rogers, M Pilch, I Stewart, Y Barnes-Holmes, S Westermann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between self-esteem and paranoia may be influenced by social stress. This study aimed to replicate previous research on the impact ofsocial exclusion on paranoia and self-esteem in a non-clinical sample and to extend this work by examining the effect of exclusion on self-esteem at the 'implicit' level. METHODS: Non-clinical participants (N = 85) were randomly allocated to the Inclusion or Exclusion condition of a virtual ball-toss game ('Cyberball')...
December 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161610/experimental-modification-of-dysfunctional-interpretations-in-individuals-with-contamination-concerns
#17
Sara L Conley, Kevin D Wu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dysfunctional interpretations of intrusive thoughts are implicated in the etiology and maintenance of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Cognitive Bias Modification training for interpretations (CBM-I) has successfully modified dysfunctional interpretations in the context of several disorders, including OCD. However, research regarding CBM-I's impact on symptom reduction and behavior is mixed, which limits its clinical application. Further, support for the specific efficacy of CBM-I in individuals with contamination concerns is limited...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253639/eye-movement-attenuation-of-intrusive-social-anxiety-imagery-a-pilot-study
#18
Sophie R Homer, Catherine Deeprose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136514/rejection-sensitivity-interpersonal-rejection-and-attention-for-emotional-facial-expressions
#19
Morganne A Kraines, Lucas J A Kelberer, Tony T Wells
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rejection sensitivity (RS), attention for depression-relevant stimuli, and interpersonal rejection are established risk factors for depression. RS has previously been associated with increased attention for socially threatening faces, but has not been examined in the context of specifically depression-relevant stimuli. The current study examined whether RS influences attention for emotional facial expressions in the context of social rejection or inclusion. METHODS: Participants (n = 180) completed a self-report measure of RS and a free viewing eye tracking task before and after an experimental task (Cyberball) in which participants were randomized to be included or rejected...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175680/inductive-reasoning-and-doubt-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#20
Kieron O'Connor, Samantha Wilson, Annie Taillon, Marie-Claude Pélissier, Jean-Sebastien Audet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies show that individuals with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) accord more importance than healthy controls (HC) to alternative conclusions, resulting in increased doubt regarding an initial conclusion. The goal of the present study was to replicate and extend this finding. METHODS: Eighteen participants diagnosed with OCD and 16 HC completed the Reasoning with Inductive Arguments Task (RIAT), which operationalizes doubt as change in confidence towards a conclusion after alternative conclusions are presented...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
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