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Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182908/training-the-social-skill-being-able-to-demand-vs-training-the-social-skill-being-able-to-say-no-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-healthy-individuals
#1
Thomas Probst, Corinna Geib, Erika Güroff, Andreas Mühlberger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This randomized controlled trial evaluated whether training one of two social skills ("being able to say no" and "being able to demand") belonging to the domain "asserting one's rights" improves specifically the trained skill or the "asserting one's rights" domain in general. METHODS: Ten social skills training groups comprising three weekly sessions and four healthy participants each were conducted. In each group, the participants were randomized either to the condition which practiced the social skill of "saying no" or to the condition which practiced the social skill of "demanding"...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187859/introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-cognition-and-delusions-what-do-we-know-what-do-we-guess-and-what-do-we-perhaps-falsely-believe
#2
EDITORIAL
Ryan P Balzan, Steffen Moritz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092781/social-consequences-of-subclinical-negative-symptoms-an-emg-study-of-facial-expressions-within-a-social-interaction
#3
Marcel Riehle, Tania M Lincoln
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The negative symptoms of schizophrenia are related to lower social functioning even in non-clinical samples, but little is known about the distinct social consequences of motivational and expressive negative symptoms. In this study we focused on expressive negative symptoms and examined how these symptoms and varying degrees of pro-social facial expressiveness (smiling and mimicry of smiling) relate to the social evaluations by face-to-face interaction partners and to social support...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113062/implicit-aggressiveness-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-as-assessed-by-an-implicit-association-test
#4
Barbara Cludius, Alexander F Schmidt, Steffen Moritz, Rainer Banse, Lena Jelinek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) highlight the role of cognitive biases for the development of the disorder. One of these biases, an inflated sense of responsibility has been associated with higher anger scores and latent aggression on self-report scales, especially in patients with compulsive checking. Validity of self-report assessment is, however, compromised by inaccuracy, social desirability, and low metacognitive awareness of traits and behaviors in patients...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095331/the-effect-of-combined-avoidance-and-control-training-on-implicit-food-evaluation-and-choice
#5
Naomi Kakoschke, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
BACKGROUND: Continual exposure to food cues in the environment contributes to unhealthy eating behaviour. According to dual-process models, such behaviour is partly determined by automatic processing of unhealthy food cues (e.g., approach bias), which fails to be regulated by controlled processing (e.g., inhibitory control). The current study aimed to investigate the effect of combined avoidance and control training on implicit evaluation (liking), choice, and consumption of unhealthy snack food...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955823/corrigendum-to-exposure-reduces-negative-bias-in-self-rated-performance-in-public-speaking-fearful-participants-j-behav-ther-exp-psychiatry-54-2017-101-107
#6
Joyce Cheng, Michelle G Craske, Andrea N Niles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992826/negative-rumination-in-social-anxiety-a-randomised-trial-investigating-the-effects-of-a-brief-intervention-on-cognitive-processes-before-during-and-after-a-social-situation
#7
Matthew Modini, Maree J Abbott
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: According to cognitive models of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), negative rumination is a key maintaining factor in the vicious cycle of social anxiety. However, there is a scarcity of research investigating treatment effects on rumination in social anxiety, as well as other key cognitive variables. The current study aimed to determine the effectiveness of a brief intervention on a range of cognitive processes, most notably negative rumination. Additionally, predictors of negative rumination and state anxiety are also investigated...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919404/individualized-metacognitive-therapy-for-delusions-a-randomized-controlled-rater-blind-study
#8
Christina Andreou, Charlotte E Wittekind, Martina Fieker, Ulrike Heitz, Ruth Veckenstedt, Francesca Bohn, Steffen Moritz
BACKGROUND: Theory-driven interventions targeting specific factors that contribute to delusions are receiving increased interest. The present study aimed to assess the efficacy of individualized metacognitive therapy (MCT+), a short manualized intervention that addresses delusion-associated cognitive biases. METHODS: 92 patients with current or past delusions were randomized to receive 12 twice-weekly sessions of either MCT+ or a control intervention within a randomized controlled rater-blind design...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209215/the-relevance-of-goal-orientation-for-motivation-in-high-versus-low-proneness-to-negative-symptoms
#9
Björn Schlier, Maike Engel, Anne-Katharina Fladung, Anja Fritzsche, Tania M Lincoln
BACKGROUND: The psychological mechanisms of why individuals with negative symptoms fail to initiate and perform goal-directed behavior are not well understood. Drawing on the reward-sensitivity and expectancy-value theories, we investigate whether negative symptom-like experiences (NSLE) are associated with generating less approach goals (aimed at reaching a positive outcome) and more avoidance goals (aimed at avoiding a negative outcome) and whether this type of goal-orientation explains motivational deficits (i...
June 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915159/public-speaking-avoidance-as-a-treatment-moderator-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#10
Bita Mesri, Andrea N Niles, Andre Pittig, Richard T LeBeau, Ethan Haik, Michelle G Craske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) have both garnered empirical support for the effective treatment of social anxiety disorder. However, not every patient benefits equally from either treatment. Identifying moderators of treatment outcome can help to better understand which treatment is best suited for a particular patient. METHODS: Forty-nine individuals who met criteria for social anxiety disorder were assessed as part of a randomized controlled trial comparing 12 weeks of CBT and ACT...
June 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620071/asymmetrical-transfer-effects-of-cognitive-bias-modification-modifying-attention-to-threat-influences-interpretation-of-emotional-ambiguity-but-not-vice-versa
#11
J O Bowler, L Hoppitt, J Illingworth, T Dalgleish, M Ononaiye, G Perez-Olivas, B Mackintosh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is well established that attention bias and interpretation bias each have a key role in the development and continuation of anxiety. How the biases may interact with one another in anxiety is, however, poorly understood. Using cognitive bias modification techniques, the present study examined whether training a more positive interpretation bias or attention bias resulted in transfer of effects to the untrained cognitive domain. Differences in anxiety reactivity to a real-world stressor were also assessed...
March 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614662/do-improved-patient-recall-and-the-provision-of-memory-support-enhance-treatment-adherence
#12
Lu Dong, Jason Y Lee, Allison G Harvey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patient adherence to psychosocial treatment is an important but understudied topic. The aim of this study was to examine whether better patient recall of treatment contents and therapist use of memory support (MS) were associated with better treatment adherence. METHODS: Data were drawn from a pilot randomized controlled trial. Participants were 48 individuals (mean age = 44.27 years, 29 females) with Major Depressive Disorder randomized to receive either Cognitive Therapy (CT) with an adjunctive Memory Support Intervention (CT + Memory Support) or CT-as-usual...
March 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423222/a-client-level-session-by-session-evaluation-of-behavioral-activation-s-mechanism-of-action
#13
Maria M Santos, James R Rae, Gabriela A Nagy, Katherine E Manbeck, Gabriela Diéguez Hurtado, Paul West, Azara Santiago-Rivera, Jonathan W Kanter
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Our understanding of how Behavioral Activation (BA) for depression works is limited. BA is theorized to lead to changes in depression through changes in activation. While distal support for activation as a mechanism has been obtained, more research is needed before definitive conclusions can be drawn. Research on mechanism should consider the appropriate time-frame for examining changes in the theorized mechanism variable and whether the proposed mechanism is expected to exert causal influence in all BA cases...
March 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218605/anger-and-guilt-in-treatment-for-chronic-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Erin G Clifton, Norah C Feeny, Lori A Zoellner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Feelings of anger and guilt are important to consider when treating PTSD as they are related to higher PTSD severity and may be related to avoidance during treatment. Avoidance may impede emotional engagement, the process of connecting with distressing, fear-related emotions during imaginal exposure, which is considered an important mechanism for successful PTSD treatment in prolonged exposure (PE). Yet, little research has examined possible complications in achieving emotional engagement, such as anger and guilt...
March 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664819/comparisons-of-eye-movements-and-matched-changing-visual-input
#15
Samuel W Onderdonk, Marcel A van den Hout
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During EMDR trauma therapy, performing EM taxes WM, and simultaneously recalled memories become less vivid. It has been proposed that this WM occupation results from CVI which occurs during EM. This study sought to compare the effects of EM on memory to a task presenting identical visual stimulus to stationary eyes.. METHOD: In Study 1, participants recorded RT while performing two tasks: EM, and a task with visually identical images displayed on screen...
December 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664818/playing-the-computer-game-tetris-prior-to-viewing-traumatic-film-material-and-subsequent-intrusive-memories-examining-proactive-interference
#16
Ella L James, Alex Lau-Zhu, Hannah Tickle, Antje Horsch, Emily A Holmes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Visuospatial working memory (WM) tasks performed concurrently or after an experimental trauma (traumatic film viewing) have been shown to reduce subsequent intrusive memories (concurrent or retroactive interference, respectively). This effect is thought to arise because, during the time window of memory consolidation, the film memory is labile and vulnerable to interference by the WM task. However, it is not known whether tasks before an experimental trauma (i...
December 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664817/stove-checking-behaviour-in-people-with-ocd-vs-anxious-controls
#17
Bianca Bucarelli, Christine Purdon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A growing body of research suggests that the repetition of an action degrades memory for that action, as well as confidence that is has been done correctly. This has important implications for understanding the compulsive repetition of actions characteristic of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). At this time, though, much of the research has been conducted on analogue or nonclinical OCD samples in comparison to healthy controls and often using virtual, as opposed to actual, threat stimuli...
December 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664816/-what-i-believe-is-true-belief-confirming-reasoning-bias-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#18
Maartje S Vroling, Klaske A Glashouwer, Wolf-Gero Lange, Esther Allart-van Dam, Peter J de Jong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research shows that people tend to consider believable conclusions as valid and unbelievable conclusions as invalid (belief bias). When applied to anxiogenic beliefs, this belief bias could well hinder the correction of dysfunctional convictions. Previous work has shown that high socially anxious students indeed display such fear-confirming, belief biased, reasoning. A critical next question is whether these findings translate to a clinical population of people with social anxiety disorder (SAD)...
December 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664815/invited-essay-cognitive-influences-on-the-psychological-immune-system
#19
REVIEW
S J Rachman
The construct of the psychological immune system is described and analysed. The direct and indirect cognitive influences on the system are discussed, and the implications of adding a cognitive construal to the influential model of a behavioural immune system are considered. The psychological immune system has two main properties: defensive and healing. It encompasses a good amount of health-related phenomena that is outside the scope of the behavioural model or the biological immune system. Evidence pertaining to the psychological immune system includes meta-analyses of the associations between psychological variables such as positive affect/wellbeing and diseases and mortality, and associations between wellbeing and positive health...
December 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664814/special-issue-in-honour-of-marcel-van-den-hout-former-co-editor-of-btep
#20
EDITORIAL
Arnoud Arntz, Adam S Radomsky, Iris M Engelhard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
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